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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1145-1175, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970587

ABSTRACT

There are 500 species of Viola(Violaceae) worldwide, among which 111 species are widely distributed in China and have a long medicinal history and wide varieties. According to the authors' statistics, a total of 410 compounds have been isolated and identified from plants of this genus, including flavonoids, terpenoids, phenylpropanoids, organic acids, nitrogenous compounds, sterols, saccharides and their derivatives, volatile oils and cyclotides. The medicinal materials from these plants boast anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-oxidant and anti-tumor activities. This study systematically reviewed the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Viola plants to provide a basis for further research and clinical application.


Subject(s)
Viola/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Flavonoids , Terpenes/pharmacology , China
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4078-4086, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008603

ABSTRACT

Inner Mongolia autonomous region of China and Mongolia are the primary regions where Chinese and Mongolian medicine and its medicinal plant resources are distributed. In this study, 133 families, 586 genera, and 1 497 species of medicinal plants in Inner Mongolia as well as 62 families, 261 genera, and 467 species of medicinal plants in Mongolia were collected through field investigation, specimen collection and identification, and literature research. And the species, geographic distribution, and influencing factors of the above medicinal plants were analyzed. The results revealed that there were more plant species utilized for medicinal reasons in Inner Mongolia than in Mongolia. Hotspots emerged in Hulunbuir, Chifeng, and Tongliao of Inner Mongolia, while there were several hotspots in Eastern province, Sukhbaatar province, Gobi Altai province, Bayankhongor province, Middle Gobi province, Kobdo province, South Gobi province, and Central province of Mongolia. The interplay of elevation and climate made a non-significant overall contribution to the diversity of plant types in Inner Mongolia and Mongolia. The contribution of each factor increased significantly when the vegetation types of Inner Mongolia and Mongolia were broadly divided into forest, grassland and desert. Thus, the distribution of medicinal plant resources and vegetation cover were jointly influenced by a variety of natural factors such as topography, climate and interactions between species, and these factors contributed to and constrained each other. This study provided reference for sustainable development and rational exploitation of medicinal plant resources in future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Mongolia , Climate , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , China
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 376-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927979

ABSTRACT

Paeonia lactiflora is an important medicinal resource in China. It is of great significance for the protection and cultivation of P. lactiflora resources to find the suitable habitats. The study was based on the information of 98 distribution sites and the data of 20 current environmental factors of wild P. lactiflora in China. According to the correlation and importance of environmental factors, we selected the main environmental factors affecting the potential suitable habitats. Then, BCC-CSM2-MR model was employed to predict the distribution range and center change of potential suitable habitat of wild P. lactiflora in the climate scenarios of SSP1-2.6, SSP2-4.5, SSP3-7.0, and SSP5-8.5 during 2021-2100. The ensemble model combined with GBM, GLM, MaxEnt, and RF showed improved prediction accuracy, with TSS=0.85 and AUC=0.95. Among the 20 environmental factors, annual mean temperature, monthly mean diurnal range of temperature, temperature seasonality, mean temperature of the warmest quarter, precipitation of the wettest month, precipitation seasonality, precipitation of the driest quarter, and elevation were the main factors that affected the suitable habitat distribution of P. lactiflora. At present, the potential suitable habitats of wild P. lactiflora is mainly distributed in Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Beijing, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shandong, Gansu, Xinjiang, Tibet, and Ningxia, and concentrated in the northeastern Inner Mongolia, central Heilongjiang, and northern Jilin. Under future climate conditions, the highly sui-table area of wild P. lactiflora will shrink, and the potential suitable habitat will mainly be lost to different degrees. However, in the SSP5-8.5 scenario, the low suitable area of wild P. lactiflora will partially increase in the highlands and mountains in western China including Xinjiang, Tibet, and Qinghai during 2061-2100. The distribution center of wild P. lactiflora migrated first to the northeast and then to the southwest. The total suitable habitats were stable and kept in the high-latitude zones. The prediction of the potential geo-graphical distribution of P. lactiflora is of great significance to the habitat protection and standardized cultivation of this plant in the future.


Subject(s)
China , Climate , Climate Change , Ecosystem , Paeonia
4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 130-139, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940323

ABSTRACT

By referring to the relevant ancient herbal literature, medical records and prescription books, the textual research of Violae Herba has been conducted to verify the name, origin, producing area, quality evaluation and processing method changes. The results showed that the name of Zihua Diding originated from its flower color and plant morphological characteristics. The primitive plant of Violae Herba is Viola genus of Violaceae, V. yedoensis, as stipulated in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, has been the mainstream in past dynasties of China. Violae Herba is mainly wild, and it is widely distributed throughout the country. Since modern times, the quality of Violae Herba is better with integrity, green color and yellow root. There are few records on the harvesting and processing methods of Violae Herba in ancient times, most of which are directly used after drying. It is suggested that the collection and processing methods of Violae Herba in the famous classical formulas can be implemented in accordance with the provisions of the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 567-574, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939772

ABSTRACT

Medicinal plants have provided numerous medicinal active ingredients for thousands of years and these ingredients have been used in Chinese medicine (CM) and traditional pharmacologies worldwide. Recently, the exploitation and utilisation of medicinal plant resources has increased significantly. The results of the studies have led to the identification of many active components, such as steroidal alkaloids, saponins, terpenoids, and glycosides, in various medicinal plants with different evolutionary levels. Moreover, research on the chemical classification, molecular phylogeny, and pharmacological activity of medicinal plants is increasing in popularity. Pharmacophylogeny is an interdisciplinary topic that studies the correlation between plant phylogeny, chemical composition, and curative effects (pharmacological activity and the traditional curative effect) of medicinal plants. In addition, it provides the basic tools to enable research and development of CM resources. This literature review, based on the genetic relationship between phytogroup and species, highlights the formation process, research content, applications, and future directions of pharmacophylogeny.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Glycosides , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plants, Medicinal/chemistry , Saponins , Terpenes
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 229-240, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880499

ABSTRACT

Radix Astragali (RA), a traditional Chinese medicine from the dried root of Astragalus species, is widely distributed throughout the temperate regions of the world. The major bioactive constituents of RA are triterpene glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, and alkaloids, and these compounds mostly exert pharmacological activities on the cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, and hepatic systems. This review summarizes the recent studies on RA and provides a comprehensive summary regarding the status of resources, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, clinical application, and patent release of RA. We hope this review can provide a guidance for further development of therapeutic agents from RA.

7.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 49-63, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953682

ABSTRACT

Ischemic heart diseases are one of the major causes of death worldwide. Effective restoration of blood flow can significantly improve patients’ quality of life and reduce mortality. However, reperfusion injury cannot be ignored. Flavonoids possess well-established antioxidant properties; They also have other benefits that may be relevant for ameliorating myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). In this review, we focus on flavonoids with cardiovascular-protection function and emphasize their pharmacological effects. The main mechanisms of flavonoid pharmacological activities against MIRI involve the following aspects: a) antioxidant, b) anti-inflammatory, c) anti-platelet aggregation, d) anti-apoptosis, and e) myocardial-function regulation activities. We also summarized the effectiveness of flavonoids for MIRI.

8.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 472-479, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953628

ABSTRACT

Traditional herbal medicine (THM) is an important part of the traditional Chinese medicine culture. Due to its high medicinal potential, it should not only serve for the Chinese people's medical use, but also contribute to the world medicine, THM for the international market must be standardized and large-scale, and produced according to the “Good Agriculture Practice” (GAP). The quality of THM directly affects the patient's treatment status and safety of use. Therefore, the quality assurance of THM runs through the entire process of research and development, production and clinical practice. The standardized production and cultivation of THM is the starting point of the THM industry chain and plays a decisive role in the economic development of the THM industry. This article summarizes the development history, limitations and future development of GAP, and clarifies the opportunities for THM in the rapid development of the international and domestic Chinese medicine industry. In addition, analyzing the deficiencies that were existing in the former GAP implementation process and by suggesting science-based quality measures, it is hoped to stipulate improved GAP guidelines in the future and to lay the foundation for a modern THM international trade.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4689-4696, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888173

ABSTRACT

The sustainable use of medicinal plants is the foundation of the inheritance of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and the acquisition of information on medicinal plants is the basis for the development of TCM. The traditional methods of investigating medicinal plant resources are disadvantageous in strong subjectivity and poor timeliness, making it difficult to real-time monitor medicinal plant resources. In recent years, remote sensing technology has become an important means of obtaining information on medicinal plants. The application of this technology has made up for the shortcomings of traditional methods. The open-access remote sensing data with medium spatial resolution satellites provide an opportunity for extracting information on medicinal plant resources. This study firstly introduced the principles of remote sensing technology, summarized the satellites and the parameters commonly used in the field of medicinal plant resources, and compared the survey methods of remote sensing technology with traditional methods. Secondly, it reviewed the applications of remote sensing technology in the extraction of information on the cultivation of medicinal plants and the common methods for extracting the planting structure information of medicinal plants based on remote sensing technology. Thirdly, the applications of remote sensing technology in the investigation and monitoring of medicinal plants were further analyzed with the research objects divided into wild and cultivated medicinal plants according to the characteristics of the habitats. Finally, it pointed out the key unsolved technical problems in the remote sensing monitoring of medicinal plant resources, and proposed solutions for the intelligent information processing of medicinal plants based on remote sensing big data, which is expected to provide references for the development of remote sensing technology in derivative application in medicinal plant resources.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Remote Sensing Technology
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4344-4359, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888133

ABSTRACT

The Solanaceae plants distributed in China belong to 105 species and 35 varietas of 24 genera. Some medicinal plants of Solanaceae are rich in tropane alkaloids(TAs), which have significant pharmacological activities. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, pharmacological activities, and biosynthetic pathways of TAs in Solanaceous plants were summarized. Besides, the phylogeny of medicinal plants belonging to Solanaceae was visualized by network diagram. Fourteen genera of Solanaceae plants in China contain TAs and have medical records. TAs mainly exist in Datura, Anisodus, Atropa, Physochlaina, and Hyoscyamus. The TAs-containing species were mainly concentrated in Southwest China, and the content of TAs was closely related to plant distribution area and altitude. The Solanaceae plants containing TAs mainly have antispasmodic, analgesic, antiasthmatic, and antitussive effects. Modern pharmacological studies have proved the central sedative, pupil dilating, glandular secretion-inhibiting, and anti-asthma activities of TAs. These pharmacological activities provide a reasonable explanation for the traditional therapeutic efficacy of tropane drugs. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, and modern pharmacological activities of TAs-containing species in Solanaceae were analyzed for the first time. Based on these data, the genetic relationship of TAs-containing Solanaceae species was preliminarily discussed, which provided a scientific basis for the basic research on TAs-containing solanaceous species and was of great significance for the development of natural medicinal plant resources containing TAs.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Phylogeny , Plants, Medicinal , Solanaceae/genetics , Tropanes
11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 190-198, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873138

ABSTRACT

" Basaga" is one of the commonly used medicinal materials in Mongolian medicine. It has a long history and effects in cooling blood, stopping stabbing pain and detoxifying. The " Basaga" in Mongolian medicine compound preparations have been widely used in various Mongolian hospitals because of its remarkable clinical efficacy. However, due to the differences in inheritance, medicinal parts and plants in Inner Mongolia, the phenomena of homonym and synonym in the application of " Basaga" have been very obvious, which leads to confusion in clinical use, and challenges the safety and effectiveness of this kind of Mongolian medicine. To understand the application of " Basaga" in Mongolian medicine compound preparation, and collect and summarize the types of " Basaga" preparations and the variety of " Basaga" used in preparations and formulations, functional indications and clinical applications were analyzed and collected based on standards and specifications of Mongolian medicine, the application of Mongolian medicine hospitals and Mongolian medicine hospital' s preparation room in Inner Mongolian, and relevant documents in recent years were reviewed. The data can provide references for optimizing and improving " Basaga" , Mongolian medicine standards and the overall standard level. What' s more, the basic data for strengthening the comprehensive development and research of " Basaga" in Mongolian medicine compound preparations in future, so as to ensure and improve the accuracy and clinical effectiveness of " Basaga" in prescriptions of Mongolian patent medicine, and lay a foundation for rational use and modern research of " Basaga" Mongolian medicine.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3981-3987, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828358

ABSTRACT

Mongolian medicine is an indispensable part in developing traditional Mongolian medicine. This study is aimed to provide a basis for the formulation of clinical and Mongolian medicinal materials standards by clarifying the original plant and species collation of Mongolia medicine of "saradma". Mongolian herbal medicine, as an important part of Mongolian medicine, is needed to study the authentic Mongolian medicine, in order to exert the best therapeutic effect in the application. The Mongolian medicine of "saradma" is a kind of medicinal material for diuresis, reinforcing kidney, and eliminating edema, for which comes from the roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds and other parts of medicinal plant. The ancient books of Mongolian medicine are the most important reference the research of Mongolian medicine varieties. This review adopts the method of inductive comparison of ancient books in order to summarize the conclusion of Mongolian medicine of "saradma". According to the investigations, Mongolian medicine of "saradma" type is mainly Leguminosae plant, Oxytropis latibracteata, Hedysarum multijugum, Thermopsis barbata, Astragalus membranaceus, Vicia amoena, O. caerulea, Astragalus bhotanensis, Hedysarum sikkimense. Compared with modern works, it is found that the drug has a wide range of resources distribution and application. It can be used for the treatment of cold edema, hot edema, nephrogenic edema, edema, swelling and likes caused by different diseases. Based on the research of Mongolian medicine of "saradma" varieties, it was found that the most commonly used varieties in Inner Mongolia were cayan saradma, xara saradam and sira saradma all of which are all top-grade drugs that reduce swelling.


Subject(s)
Books , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Phytotherapy , Plants, Medicinal
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3988-3996, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828357

ABSTRACT

This paper explores Mongolian medicine processing methods and the use regularity of excipient by text mining techniques. Relevant books of Mongolian medicine processing were consulted to collect data on Mongolian medicine processing methods and excipient, and select data based on processing methods and excipient noun frequency statistics. Microsoft Excel 2010 software was used for statistical analysis and mining for the usage regularity of different types of Mongolian medicinal materials in different periods. And Cytoscape 3.6.1 software was used for visual presentation. The topological analysis showed the top five processing methods were net production, development, frying, calcining and cooking, and the top five processing excipient were fresh milk, wine, urine, cream and mineral borax. Frequency analysis showed that the plant medicinal materials were mostly recorded in the 18~(th) and 21~(st) centuries, especially in the 21 st century; the processing methods mostly contained water processing, repair processing and other methods. The mineral medicinal materials were mostly recorded in the 18~(th), 19~(th) and 21~(st) centuries; most of the processing methods were the fire processing method. The animal medicinal materials were recorded in the 18~(th), 19~(th) and 21~(st) century; the fire processing method occupied a major position, and the repair processing and the grinding processing were markedly increased in the 21~(st) century. In the use of excipient, liquid excipient were mostly used in plant medicines. Solid excipient were most commonly used in the 18~(th) century. Animal excipient were mostly used during the processing in the 18~(th) century. The use of liquid excipient gradually increased in the 19~(th) and 21~(st) centuries. This study summarizes the traditional processing methods of Mongolian medicine and the usage regularity of excipient, defines the characteristics of Mongolian medicine processing methods and excipient, and the characteristics of the combination of medicinal materials and excipient, so as to provide reference for the clinical use of Mongolian medicine.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Excipients , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Records , Software
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3013-3019, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828021

ABSTRACT

The epidemic situation of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is developing rapidly in the world, and the influence is serious. In this study, the prescription of Mongolian medicine to prevent new type of COVID-19 was investigated. Based on the second edition and the third edition of COVID-19 Mongolian Medicine Prevention and Treatment Guidance Program issued by the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Health Commission, using Excel 2007, SPSS Modeler 18, SPSS Statistics 25, Cytoscape 3.7.1 statistical software as a tool, the association rules analysis and cluster analysis of Mongolian medicine included in the standard were carried out. Among the 45 prophylactic prescriptions included in the standard, a total of 34 high-frequency drugs using frequency ≥5 were used, of which Carthami Flos(21 times, 4.46%), Chebulae Fructus(20 times, 4.26%), Moschus(13 times, 2.77%), Myristicae Semen(12 times, 2.55%), Santali Albi Lignum(12 times, 2.55%), and Bovis Calculus(12 times, 2.55%) were the most common. The main drugs for the prevention of COVID-19 were Liang(13 times, 38.23%), Wen(9 times, 26.47%), the flavor was Ku(20 times, 34.48%), Xin(13 times, 22.41%), Gan(11 times, 18.97%), the most used drugs treating hot evil(99 times, 32.46%), treatment of "Heyi" drugs(51 times, 16.72%), treatment of "Badagan" drugs(40 times, 13.11%), treatment of "sticky" drugs(37 times, 12.13%), and a cough, eliminating phlegm and antiasthmatic(31 times, 10.16%), the association rule analysis found that the highest association intensity of the drug pair combination of 11. Clustering analysis using the cluster analysis of inter-group join method found a total of 8 categories. In this study, 45 prescriptions of Mongolian medicine for the prevention of COVID-19 were collec-ted and further analyzed, hoping to provide new ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy
15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 873-880, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880514

ABSTRACT

Saposhnikovia divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk., a perennial herb belonging to the family Umbelliferae, is widely distributed in Northeast Asia. Its dried root (Radix Saposhnikoviae) is used as a Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of immune system, nervous system, and respiratory diseases. Phytochemical and pharmacological studies have shown that the main constituents of S. divaricata are chromones, coumarins, acid esters, and polyacetylenes, and these compounds exhibited significant anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, antiproliferative, antitumor, and immunoregulatory activities. The purpose of this review is to provide comprehensive information on the botanical characterization and distribution, traditional use and ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, and pharmacology of S. divaricata for further study concerning its mechanism of action and development of better therapeutic agents and health products from S. divaricata.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3162-3169, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773737

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates and counts the ethnic medicines of the Ewenki,Daur and Oroqen ethnic groups,which are known as the " Three Minorities" in Inner Mongolia. Through the methods of literature collection,interview investigation,and resource investigation,different ethnic medicines were collected on the main diseases,drug varieties,drug-injection sites,and drug administration methods. Through data statistics and SPSS analysis,the similarities and individual differences between the three ethnic groups were clarified. The results indicated the predicament of the current national medicine,which is helpful for the protection and inheritance of ethnic medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Ethnicity , Ethnopharmacology , Mongolia
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2742-2747, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773265

ABSTRACT

The processing of Mongolian medicine,which is called " mort harl" in Mongolian language,refers to a traditional processing technology to " tame" some toxic,aggressive,ineffective or inconvenient Mongolian medicines,so as to make it " compliant" to clinical needs. It is the summary of long-term experience in drug preparation by Mongolian medicine experts,one of the bridges for the dialectical unity of Mongolian medicine,the essential content in evaluation of the clinical efficacy of Mongolian medicine and the study of Mongolian medicine modernization,and also the important soft power carrier of " intangible cultural heritage" and " grassland culture" in Inner Mongolia autonomous region. In this study,the processing history,purpose,crafts,mechanism,processing standards and quality standards of Mongolian medicine were explained,and some suggestions were proposed for the problems of the Mongolian medicine processing and development: focus on the basic theory of Mongolian medicine and the clinical experience of Mongolian medicine in the development of traditional Mongolian medicine processing; strengthen the literature research on the processing method of Mongolian medicine; establish comprehensive and systematic Mongolian medicine concocts standards and quality standards; enhance the research and development of special processing equipment and process quality control instruments for Mongolian medicine; and strengthen the training of professional technicians,the protection of copyright in Mongolian medicine processing,and scientific research on Mongolian medicine processing. In the inheritance of the tradition,the latest achievements of modern scientific development can be also absorbed to provide reference for the further development of traditional Mongolian medicine processing technology.


Subject(s)
China , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Quality Control , Reference Standards
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4111-4115, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008266

ABSTRACT

The planting area of Chinese medicinal materials is an important basis for formulating policies such as production and poverty alleviation of Chinese medicinal materials and is determining the quantity of medicinal materials trade. Accurately mastering the information of the distribution,area and yield of Chinese medicinal materials cultivation is the basis of the adjustment of the planting structure of traditional Chinese medicine. It is now the largest planting place of Mongolian traditional Chinese medicinal materials in Naiman banner that is belonging to Tongliao city,Inner Mongolia. It is of great significance to obtain the planting area of Mongolian Chinese medicinal materials in Naiman banner in time and effectively for the development of subsequent industries. In this study,Saposhnikovia divaricata,a medicinal plant planted in Naiman banner,was selected as an example,and the fusion 2 m resolution ZY-3 remote sensing image was used as the data source. Based on the ground survey data,the sample data of each typical ground object were selected,and the spectral characteristic curves of different ground objects were obtained,and the S. divaricata spectral information was obtained. Using the filtering texture analysis method based on probability statistics,five kinds of texture image display results under different texture filtering were compared and analyzed,and finally the S. divaricata texture features based on information entropy are determined. The distribution range and planting area of S. divaricata in Naiman banner were extracted and interpreted by using the texture and spectral information of remote sensing images. The results showed that: S. divaricata was mainly distributed in the northeast and central south of Naiman banner,and the planting area was 5 336 mu( 1 mu≈667 m2). The field verification data were in good agreement with the remote sensing interpretation results,and the difference was small. It shows that the combination of spectral information and texture information can realize the discrimination of S. divaricata,and the interpretation results can provide a reference for the county to formulate the poverty alleviation action of Chinese medicinal material industry and the economic development plan of agricultural producing areas.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Apiaceae , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3412-3416, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690367

ABSTRACT

Standardization is the progress of human civilization. It is also an important technical system for normalizing economy and social development and a basic element in the core competitive power of a country. This paper emphasized on the importance of accelerating the standardization of Mongolian medicine for international development of national medicine and improving the international competitiveness. Summed up the Mongolian medicine standardization work achieved the stage results. Achievements on Mongolian medicine standardization were summarized and the existed problems were also analyzed. Such as, imperfect Mongolian medicine standard system and operation mechanism, the lack of application and personnel of Mongolian medicine. Corresponding measures, such as improving the Mongolian medicine standardization system and its support system construction; establishing personnel long-term training mechanism; the establishment of Mongolian medicine standard implementation-promotion-evaluation-feedback mechanism and other corresponding measures, were also provide.

20.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 314-318, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on insulin signaling pathway in liver tissues of central neuronal specific signal transduction and activator of transcription 5 conditional-knockout (Stat 5 NKO) mice, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of insulin resistance (IR).. METHODS: Twenty-four male Stat 5 NKO mice were randomly divided into model and EA groups (n=12 mice/group), and 12 Stat 5 fl/fl mice were used as the normal control group. EA (2 Hz/15 Hz, 0.8-1.0 mA) was alternatively applied to ipsilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Neiting" (ST 44) for 20 min, once a day, 6 times a week for 4 weeks. The glucose tolerance test (GTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT) were performed, and the values of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and fasting insulin (FINS) were measured by glucometer and ELISA, separately. The insulin sensitivity index (ISI) was calculated. The phosphorylation protein expressions of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS 1), insulin receptor β (IRβ) and protein kinases B (Akt) in the liver tissues were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: In Stat 5 NKO mice (model group), FPG level and glucose area under the curve (GAUC) of ITT and GTT were significantly increased (P0.05). Compared with the normal group, the protein expression levels of liver p-IRS 1 and p-IRβ were significantly up-regulated (P<0.001), and the p-Akt expression was significantly down-regulated (P<0.01) in the model group. Following EA treatment, the increased p-IRS 1 and p-IRβ protein expression and the decreased p-Akt expression were apparently reversed in the EA group relevant to the model group (P<0.001, P<0.01).. CONCLUSION: EA can improve the IR induced by central neuronal Stat 5-knockout in mice, which may contribute to its effectiveness in regulating hepatic IRβ/IRS 1/Akt signaling pathway.

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