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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of local brain neural activity in post stroke aphasia (PSA) patients in different frequency bands and the relationship between Western Aphasia Battery (WAB) scores and specific frequency bands. Methods:From March, 2015 to May, 2018, 15 PSA patients, and 15 healthy adults as controls matched for age, gender and education were recruited. They were assessed with WAB and scaned with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) on the frequency bands of 0.01-0.08 Hz, 0.027-0.073 Hz, and 0.01-0.027 Hz were calculated. The ALFF and fALFF in different frequency bands were extracted and the correlation with the WAB scores in the patients were analyzed. Results:On 0.01-0.08 Hz, ALFF increased in the right precentral gyrus in the patients. On 0.027-0.073 Hz, ALFF increased values in the right precentral gyrus, and fALFF decreased in the right cerebellar Crus2 region; fALFF in the right cerebellar Crus2 region negatively correlated with the scores of information content (r = -0.576, P = 0.025), auditory comprehension (r = -0.658, P = 0.008), repetition (r = -0.616, P = 0.014) and aphasia quotient (r = -0.611, P = 0.016) of WAB. On 0.01-0.027 Hz, the fALFF decreased in the left inferior parietal limbic gyrus, and positively correlated with the scores of information content (r = 0.538, P = 0.039) and aphasia quotient (r = 0.526, P = 0.044). Conclusion:Resting-state fALFF abnormalities in PSA patients are frequency-dependent, which associate with some frequency-specific neurofunctional alterations.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a patient-reported outcomes (PRO) scale for post-stroke aphasia based on the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) holism. Methods:Referring to the TCM holism, the theoretical model was established following the standard process for the development of the PRO scale. An item pool was established and optimized with case review, patient interview, expert questionnaire survey and consensus conference. The PRO scale was established finally. Results:A pool of post-stroke aphasia items based on the holistic view of TCM was constructed in the physical, psychological and social model. The Expert Comment Form for the PRO Scale for Aphasia after Stroke was formed after sorting out the item pool. After expert surveys and meeting discussion, 40 items were finally selected to form the first version of Patient-reported Outcomes Scale for Post-stroke Aphasia-TCM. Conclusion:The first version of Patient-reported Outcomes Scale for Post-stroke Aphasia-TCM has been developed based on the TCM holism and the concept of PRO, which can be evaluated clinically.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905498

ABSTRACT

The cognitive neuroscience researches about post-stroke aphasia provide the interpretation of all aspects of linguistics. The word-picture research paradigm can be applied to assess different types of aphasia, in various ways of stimulation modes and models. It is more helpful combining functional magenetic resonance imaging to research the mechanism of brain damage and recovery objectively. The interactive application of language task and imaging has also become a new direction in the mechanism study of aphasia.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of right brain language network in post-stroke aphasia (PSA) patients with left hemisphere injury. Methods:From December, 2018 to June, 2019, twelve PSA patients with left hemisphere injury, and twelve matched healthy controls were recruited to accept rest-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (f-MRI) scan, and analyzed the characteristics of right brain function network with Dual Stream model. Results:There were two patients lost. Compared with the controls, for dorsolateral lingual pathway, the functional connections increased from superior marginal gyrus to middle frontal gyrus and inferior frontal gyrus of trigone in the patients, while those decreased from posterior central gyrus to inferior frontal gyrus of insula. For ventral lingual pathway, the functional connection increased from angular gyrus to orbital inferior frontal gyrus. For ventral and dorsolateral double-pathway, the functional connections increased from temporal lobe to lenticular pallidum and angular gyrus, from caudate nucleus to inferior frontal gyrus of insula, from lenticular putamen nucleus to middle frontal gyrus and trigonometry, while it decreased from superior marginal gyrus and temporal lobe to inferior frontal gyrus of insula. There was a negative correlation between the functional connection from inferior frontal gyrus to lenticular putamen and repeating (r = -0.720, P < 0.05), between the functional connection from inferior frontal gyrus to the caudate nucleus to speaking and repeating (r < -0.696, P < 0.05). In terms of network index, there were significant differences between the patients and the controls in both local and global indexes for language key brain area in right brain (|t| > 2.143, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The functional network has reorganized in right hemisphere of PSA patients. However, the increase of connection between language critical cortex and subcortical nuclei may play a role in improvement of language function.

5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 567-569, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821826

ABSTRACT

According to the latest research progress at home and abroad, and the domestic situation, China Diabetic Cellular and Interventional Therapy Technology Alliance forDiabetic Foot developed and issued the fifth edition of clinical guidelines for comprehensive interventional diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot, which covers domestic evidence,references foreign evidence, and reflects the progress in China. The interpretation focuses on the updated key points.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 567-569, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821809

ABSTRACT

According to the latest research progress at home and abroad, and the domestic situation, China Diabetic Cellular and Interventional Therapy Technology Alliance forDiabetic Foot developed and issued the fifth edition of clinical guidelines for comprehensive interventional diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot, which covers domestic evidence,references foreign evidence, and reflects the progress in China. The interpretation focuses on the updated key points.

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