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1.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 825-831, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001826

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the relationship between thyrotropin binding inhibitory immunoglobulin (TBII) and deviation angle stability in strabismus-associated thyroid eye disease. @*Methods@#A total of 25 strabismus-associated thyroid eye disease patients who were followed up for > 6 months without surgery were enrolled. To investigate the correlation between TBII levels and changes in the deviation angle, a test period of 6 months from the date of TBII measurement was established and 55 test units of the corresponding TBII levels were obtained. @*Results@#The deviation angle had a positive correlation with the TBII levels (r = 0.473, p < 0.001), but did not correlate with sex, age, and thyroid hormone levels. Changes in the horizontal, vertical, and total deviation angles were significantly greater in the high-TBII test units compared to the normal-TBII test units (p= 0.029, = 0.032, and = 0.009, respectively). @*Conclusions@#TBII levels were related to deviation angle stability in strabismus-associated thyroid eye disease. TBII may be a useful indicator for deviation angle stability in these patients over a period of 6 months.

2.
Journal of the Korean Dysphagia Society ; (2): 77-106, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001658

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Dysphagia is a common clinical condition characterized by difficulty in swallowing. It is sub-classified into oropharyngeal dysphagia, which refers to problems in the mouth and pharynx, and esophageal dysphagia, which refers to problems in the esophageal body and esophagogastric junction. Dysphagia can have a significant negative impact one’s physical health and quality of life as its severity increases. Therefore, proper assessment and management of dysphagia are critical for improving swallowing function and preventing complications. Thus a guideline was developed to provide evidence-based recommendations for assessment and management in patients with dysphagia. @*Methods@#Nineteen key questions on dysphagia were developed. These questions dealt with various aspects of problems related to dysphagia, including assessment, management, and complications. A literature search for relevant articles was conducted using Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and one domestic database of KoreaMed, until April 2021. The level of evidence and recommendation grade were established according to the Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology. @*Results@#Early screening and assessment of videofluoroscopic swallowing were recommended for assessing the presence of dysphagia. Therapeutic methods, such as tongue and pharyngeal muscle strengthening exercises and neuromuscular electrical stimulation with swallowing therapy, were effective in improving swallowing function and quality of life in patients with dysphagia. Nutritional intervention and an oral care program were also recommended. @*Conclusion@#This guideline presents recommendations for the assessment and management of patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia, including rehabilitative strategies.

3.
Gut and Liver ; : 119-129, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966876

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased rapidly as a consequence of more sedentary lifestyles and a Westernized diet. Fracture is a major clinical problem in older people, but few large-scale cohort studies have evaluated the relationship between NAFLD and fracture. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether the fatty liver index (FLI), which represents the severity of NAFLD, can predict fracture risk. @*Methods@#We analyzed the relationship between the FLI and incident fracture using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models and data for 180,519 individuals who underwent National Health check-ups in the Republic of Korea between 2009 and 2014. @*Results@#A total of 2,720 participants (1.5%) were newly diagnosed with fracture during the study period (median 4.6 years). The participants were grouped according to FLI quartiles (Q1, 0 to <5.653; Q2, 5.653 to <15.245; Q3, 15.245 to <37.199; and Q4 ≥37.199). The cumulative fracture incidence was significantly higher in the highest FLI group than in the lowest FLI group (Q4, 986 [2.2%] and Q1, 323 [0.7%]; p<0.001). The adjusted hazard ratio indicated that the highest FLI group was independently associated with a higher incidence of fracture (hazard ratio for Q4 vs Q1, 2.956; 95% confidence interval, 2.606 to 3.351; p<0.001). FLI was significantly associated with a higher incidence of fracture, independent of the baseline characteristics of the participants. @*Conclusions@#Our data imply that the higher the FLI of a Korean patient is, the higher their risk of osteoporotic fracture, independent of key confounding factors.

4.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 1-19, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966535

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based recommendations for determining the surgical extent in patients with locally invasive differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Locally invasive DTC with gross extrathyroidal extension invading surrounding anatomical structures may lead to several functional deficits and poor oncological outcomes. At present, the optimal extent of surgery in locally invasive DTC remains a matter of debate, and there are no adequate guidelines. On October 8, 2021, four experts searched the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases; the identified papers were reviewed by 39 experts in thyroid and head and neck surgery. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach was used to assess the quality of evidence, and to develop and report recommendations. The strength of a recommendation reflects the confidence of a guideline panel that the desirable effects of an intervention outweigh any undesirable effects, across all patients for whom the recommendation is applicable. After completing the draft guidelines, Delphi questionnaires were completed by members of the Korean Society of Head and Neck Surgery. Twenty-seven evidence-based recommendations were made for several factors, including the preoperative workup; surgical extent of thyroidectomy; surgery for cancer invading the strap muscles, recurrent laryngeal nerve, laryngeal framework, trachea, or esophagus; and surgery for patients with central and lateral cervical lymph node involvement. Evidence-based guidelines were devised to help clinicians make safer and more efficient clinical decisions for the optimal surgical treatment of patients with locally invasive DTC.

5.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 338-349, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938459

ABSTRACT

Background@#Microcirculatory disturbances are typically most severe during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), which occurs during cardiac surgeries. If microvascular reactivity compensates for microcirculatory disturbances during CPB, tissue hypoxemia can be minimized. The primary aim of this study was to assess whether microvascular reactivity during CPB could predict major adverse events (MAE) after cardiac surgery. @*Methods@#This prospective observational study included 115 patients who underwent elective on-pump cardiac surgeries. A vascular occlusion test (VOT) with near-infrared spectroscopy was performed five times for each patient: before the induction of general anesthesia, 30 min after the induction of general anesthesia, 30 min after applying CPB, 10 min after protamine injection, and post-sternal closure. The postoperative MAE was recorded. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve analysis was performed for the prediction of MAE using the recovery slope. @*Results@#Of the 109 patients, MAE occurred in 32 (29.4%). The AUROC curve for the recovery slope during CPB was 0.701 (P < 0.001; 95% CI [0.606, 0.785]). If the recovery slope during CPB was < 1.08%/s, MAE were predicted with a sensitivity of 62.5% and specificity of 72.7%. @*Conclusions@#Our study demonstrated that the recovery slope of the VOT during CPB could predict MAE after cardiac surgery. These results support the idea that disturbances in microcirculation induced by CPB can predict the development of poor clinical outcomes, thereby demonstrating the potential role of microvascular reactivity as an early predictor of MAE after cardiac surgery.

6.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 119-127, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914115

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) using a small glenoid baseplate in patients with a small glenoid and to analyze the contributing factors to scapular notching. @*Methods@#A total of 71 RTSAs performed using a 25-mm baseplate were evaluated at a mean of 37.0 ± 3.3 months. Shoulder function was evaluated using American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE) for satisfaction, and active range of motion. Scapular neck angle (SNA), prosthesis-scapular neck angle (PSNA), peg glenoid rim distance (PGRD), and sphere bone overhang distance (SBOD) were measured to assess the effects on scapular notching. @*Results@#Shoulder function (ASES: 39.4 ± 13.8 preoperative vs. 76.2 ± 9.5 at last follow-up, p< 0.001), VAS for pain (6.1 ± 1.8 vs. 1.7 ± 1.4, p < 0.001), SANE for satisfaction (7.0 ± 11.8 vs. 83.4 ± 15.3, p < 0.001), and active forward flexion (115.6° ± 40.1° vs. 141.6° ± 17.2°, p< 0.001) were significantly improved. The mean diameter of the inferior glenoid circle was 26.0 ± 3.0 mm and the mean glenoid vault depth was 24.0 ± 4.5 mm. Scapular notching was found in 13 patients (18.3%) and acromial fracture in 2 patients (2.8%). There were no significant differences in preoperative SNA and PSNA at postoperative 3 years between patients with and without scapular notching (101.6° ± 10.5° and 110.8° ± 14.9° vs. 97.3° ± 13.3° and 104.9° ± 12.4°; p = 0.274 and p= 0.142, respectively). PGRD and SBOD were significantly different between patients with scapular notching and without scapular notching (24.8 ± 1.6 mm and 2.6 ± 0.5 mm vs. 21.9 ± 1.9 mm and 5.8 ± 1.9 mm; p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). @*Conclusions@#RTSA using a 25-mm baseplate in a Korean population who had relatively small glenoids demonstrated low complication rates and significantly improved clinical outcomes. Scapular notching can be prevented by proper positioning of the baseplate and glenosphere overhang using size-matched glenoid baseplates.

7.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 173-182, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927060

ABSTRACT

Background@#Neurokinin-1 (NK1) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) play a vital role in pain pathogenesis, and these proteins’ antagonists have attracted attention as promising pharmaceutical candidates. The authors investigated the antinociceptive effect of co-administration of the CGRP antagonist and an NK1 antagonist on pain models compared to conventional single regimens. @*Methods@#C57Bl/6J mice underwent sciatic nerve ligation for the neuropathic pain model and were injected with 4% formalin into the hind paw for the inflammatory pain model. Each model was divided into four groups: vehicle, NK1 antagonist, CGRP antagonist, and combination treatment groups. The NK1 antagonist aprepitant (BIBN4096, 1 mg/kg) or the CGRP antagonist olcegepant (MK-0869, 10 mg/ kg) was injected intraperitoneally. Mechanical allodynia, thermal hypersensitivity, and anxiety-related behaviors were assessed using the von Frey, hot plate, and elevated plus-maze tests. The flinching and licking responses were also evaluated after formalin injection. @*Results@#Co-administration of aprepitant and olcegepant more significantly alleviated pain behaviors than administration of single agents or vehicle, increasing the mechanical threshold and improving the response latency. Anxiety-related behaviors were also markedly improved after dual treatment compared with either naive mice or the neuropathic pain model in the dual treatment group. Flinching frequency and licking response after formalin injection decreased significantly in the dual treatment group. Isobolographic analysis showed a meaningful additive effect between the two compounds. @*Conclusions@#A combination pharmacological therapy comprised of multiple neuropeptide antagonists could be a more effective therapeutic strategy for alleviating neuropathic or inflammatory pain.

8.
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science ; : 159-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891897

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to analyze research trends and find whether Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) of refugees could affect structural or functional changes of brains of those under MRI, focusing on volumes, functional connectivities, and metabolites. @*Methods@#A literature search was done using PubMed, Embase, RISS, and KMBase to identify studies that matched our research purpose. A total of eight studies were identified using Prisma flow diagram by two reviewers independently. @*Results@#Eight studies were identified. Three studies were on North Korean defectors as subjects. The number of studies that observed structural changes, functional changes, and metabolite changes in brains was 2, 5, and 2, respectively. Although each study observed various parts of the brain, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) was observed commonly in three studies. The PTSD group showed reduction of ACC volume and N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) metabolite in ACC compared to the non- PTSD group. When exposed to negative stimuli, the PTSD group showed higher neural activity than the non-PTSD group, but not vice versa. @*Conclusion@#ACC showed significant difference in volume, neural activity, and NAA metabolite between the PTSD and the non-PTSD group, resulting in significant differences in structural changes, functional changes, metabolite changes, respectively. This study showed the need for conducting more research using various biomarkers to clarify the relationship between PTSD of refugees and their brain changes.

9.
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science ; : 159-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899601

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to analyze research trends and find whether Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) of refugees could affect structural or functional changes of brains of those under MRI, focusing on volumes, functional connectivities, and metabolites. @*Methods@#A literature search was done using PubMed, Embase, RISS, and KMBase to identify studies that matched our research purpose. A total of eight studies were identified using Prisma flow diagram by two reviewers independently. @*Results@#Eight studies were identified. Three studies were on North Korean defectors as subjects. The number of studies that observed structural changes, functional changes, and metabolite changes in brains was 2, 5, and 2, respectively. Although each study observed various parts of the brain, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) was observed commonly in three studies. The PTSD group showed reduction of ACC volume and N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) metabolite in ACC compared to the non- PTSD group. When exposed to negative stimuli, the PTSD group showed higher neural activity than the non-PTSD group, but not vice versa. @*Conclusion@#ACC showed significant difference in volume, neural activity, and NAA metabolite between the PTSD and the non-PTSD group, resulting in significant differences in structural changes, functional changes, metabolite changes, respectively. This study showed the need for conducting more research using various biomarkers to clarify the relationship between PTSD of refugees and their brain changes.

10.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 635-640, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920262

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) plate has been recognized for its biocompatibility and biomechanical properties and used widely in various clinical fields. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness and reliability of PLGA plate as a graft material in septorhinoplasty.Subjects and Method Medical records were retrospectively analyzed for patients who underwent septorhinoplasty including extracorporeal septoplasty from January 2017 to June 2020. We evaluated demographics, diagnosis, operation techniques, and complications of PLGA plate as a graft material used in these patients. @*Results@#A total of 33 patients were enrolled in this study. Twenty-eight were male and 5 were female. The median age was 32 years old. The follow-up period after surgery was 6-32 months, and the mean follow-up period was 18.03 months. The PLGA plate was used in unilateral spreader graft (n=17), bilateral spreader graft (n=10), batten graft (n=3), strengthening of septal extension graft (n=2) and columellar strut graft (n=3), and fixing L-strut during extracorporeal septoplasty (n=12). During the follow-up period, no patient experienced extrusion or exposure of the grafts. Mild complications, such as redness of the columella skin, granulation in the marginal incision site, and pain on the nasal dorsum were observed in three patients; these complications were temporary and patients improved with conservative treatments. @*Conclusion@#The PLGA plate may be a useful graft material in correcting deviated nose especially when the harvested septal cartilage is insufficient and if used carefully in limited locations such as L-strut and columella.

11.
Brain & Neurorehabilitation ; : 10-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785546

ABSTRACT

In the article, the funding source was missed.


Subject(s)
Financial Management , Hand , Pilot Projects , Rehabilitation , Therapeutic Uses
12.
The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine ; : 20-27, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811451

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of hospital-based intensive rehabilitation program after ankle ligament operation.METHODS: A total of 35 patients were included in this randomized controlled trial. Fifty-minute sessions of hospital-based rehabilitation were performed three times weekly for 12 weeks in the intervention group. Home-based exercise was conducted in the control group. Outcomes were evaluated at baseline, 12 weeks, and 16 weeks. The primary outcome was measured using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS). Secondary outcomes included the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, ankle strength measured using an isokinetic device, fall index measured using a Tetrax posturography device, and the Berg Balance Scale.RESULTS: Significant improvements in FAOS, AOFAS, ankle strength, and fall index were found in the intervention group after performing the hospital-based rehabilitation (all p<0.05) and these improvements were sustained at T2 (all p<0.05). Between-group comparisons demonstrated significantly greater improvements in FAOS, AOFAS, ankle strength, and fall index in the intervention group than those in the control group at both T1 (all p<0.05), and T2 (all p<0.05).CONCLUSION: The rehabilitation program in this study improved postoperative pain, sports function, quality of life, and strength and balance of the ankle significantly better than home-based self-care. Therefore, we recommend hospital-based systematic rehabilitation programs after surgical treatment for chronic ankle instability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankle , Foot , Ligaments , Orthopedics , Pain, Postoperative , Quality of Life , Recovery of Function , Rehabilitation , Self Care , Sports
13.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 102-107, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836294

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) is a benign tumor with a locally aggressive nature and a propensity to recur. Many risk factors for recurrence have been reported, but they are still controversial. The aim of this study was to comprehensively assess the demographic data, clinical features, and potential risk factors for recurrence of IP.Subjects and Method: This work is a retrospective review of 382 patients diagnosed with and treated for sinonasal inverted papilloma between 1986 and 2017 at a single tertiary medical center. Demographic data, presence of associated malignancy, information about previous surgeries, tumor location, Krouse stage, surgical approach, follow-up duration, and data on recurrence were obtained. @*Results@#In our study, 31 of 382 cases (8.1%) were associated with malignancy. Mean age was significantly higher in patients with associated malignancy compared to the benign IP group. Of the 351 benign cases, 263 (74.9%) were primary, and 88 (25.1%) were revision cases (residual or recurrent disease). Although the proportion of patients with high Krouse stage or multifocal involvement was high in the revision cases, there was no significant difference in recurrence rate. The 226 patients with a minimum follow-up of 1 year were included for recurrence analysis. Recurrence rate was significantly higher in the conventional surgery group (17.4%) compared to that of the endoscopic and combined surgery groups (8.1% and 3.6%, respectively). Also, the recurrence group showed significantly larger proportion of patients with high Krouse stage and multifocal involvement. @*Conclusion@#Risk factors for recurrence of IP found in this study are comparable to those previously published. Generally, the factors associated with recurrence of IP were prior surgery, clinical stage, involved site, and surgical approach. Therefore, surgeons should always consider these risk factors to reduce the chance of recurrence.

14.
Immune Network ; : e17-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835443

ABSTRACT

We investigated effects of reblastatins on phenotypic changes in monocytes/macrophages induced by 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHChol). Treatment of THP-1 monocytic cells with reblastatin derivatives, such as 17-demethoxy-reblastatin (17-DR), 18-dehydroxyl-17-demethoxyreblastatin (WK88-1), 18-hydroxyl-17-demethoxyreblastatin (WK88-2), and 18-hydroxyl-17-demethoxy-4,5-dehydroreblastatin (WK88-3), resulted in blockage of CCL2, CCL3, and CCL4 expression at the transcription and protein levels, which, in turn, impaired migration of monocytes/macrophages and Jurkat T cells expressing CCR5, and almost complete inhibition of transcription of M1 marker cytokines, like CXCL10, CXCL11, and TNF-α. Reblastatins also downregulated surface CD14 as well as soluble CD14 along with inhibition of LPS response and matrix metalloprotease-9 expression. Surface levels of mature dendritic cell (mDC)-specific markers, including CD80, CD83, CD88, CD197, and MHC class I and II molecules, were remarkably down-regulated, and 27OHChol-induced decrease of endocytic activity was recovered following treatment with 17-DR, WK88-1, WK88-2, and WK88-3. However, 15-hydroxyl-17-demethoxyreblastatin (DHQ3) did not affect the molecular or functional changes in monocytic cells induced by 27OHChol. Furthermore, surface levels of CD105, CD137, and CD166 were also down-regulated by 17-DR, WK88-1, WK88-2, and WK88-3, but not by DHQ3. Collectively, results of the current study indicate that, except DHQ3, reblastatins regulate the conversion and differentiation of monocytic cells to an immunostimulatory phenotype and mDCs, respectively, which suggests possible applications of reblastatins for immunomodulation in a milieu rich in oxygenated cholesterol molecules.

15.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 28-33, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835278

ABSTRACT

Background@#When an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is created using the basilic or deep cephalic vein, it is additionally necessary to transfer the vessels to a position where needling is easy; however, many patients develop wound-related postsurgical complications due to the long surgical wounds resulting from conventional superficialization of a deep AVF or basilic vein transposition. Thus, to address this problem, we performed videoscopic surgery with small surgical incisions. @*Methods@#Data from 16 patients who underwent additional videoscopic radiocephalic superficialization, brachiocephalic superficialization, and brachiobasilic transposition after AVF formation at our institution in 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. @*Results@#Needling was successful in all patients. No wound-related complications occurred. The mean vessel size and blood flow of the AVF just before the first needling were 0.73±0.16 mm and 1,516.25±791.26 mL/min, respectively. The mean vessel depth after surgery was 0.26±0.10 cm. Percutaneous angioplasty was additionally performed in 25% of the patients. Primary patency was observed in 100% of patients during the follow-up period (262.44±73.49 days). @*Conclusion@#Videoscopic surgery for AVF dramatically reduced the incidence of postoperative complications without interrupting patency; moreover, such procedures may increase the use of native vessels for vascular access. In addition, dissection using a videoscope compared to blind dissection using only a skip incision dramatically increased the success rate of displacement by reducing damage to the dissected vessels.

16.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 17-22, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834915

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study examined the clinical manifestations, treatment, and prognostic factors of hydrogen sulfide intoxication. @*Methods@#Twelve cases of hydrogen sulfide leaking from a wastewater treatment company in Sasang-gu, Busan were reviewed. The demographic characteristics, initial symptoms, treatment, complications, and long-term prognosis were reviewed. The Life Science Ethics Review Committee approved this study. @*Results@#The majority of the 12 cases were male (83%) with an average age of 38 years. Three of the 12 cases, who had been exposed to hydrogen sulfide, died (25%), and four had poor outcomes (33%). The incidence of pulmonary edema was significantly higher in the poor prognosis group, but the incidence of conjunctivitis and pre-hospital cardiac arrest was similar. The lactic acid concentration in the poor prognosis group was higher than the good prognosis group. In the poor prognosis group, the Glasgow coma scale was lower than that in the good prognosis group. @*Conclusion@#A poor outcome occurred in 33% of the 12 people exposed to hydrogen sulfide in Busan 2018. In the poor outcome group, the initial Glasgow Coma Scale was lower, the pulmonary edema rate and the initial serum lactate level were higher than in the good outcome group.

17.
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow ; : 210-216, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897963

ABSTRACT

Calcific tendinitis is the leading cause of shoulder pain. Among patients with calcific tendinitis, 2.7%–20% are asymptomatic, and 35%–45% of patients whose calcific deposits are inadvertently discovered develop shoulder pain. If symptoms are present, complications such as decreased range of motion of the shoulder joint should be minimized while managing pain. Patients with acute calcific tendinitis respond well to conservative treatment and rarely require surgery. In contrast, patients with chronic calcific tendinitis often do not respond to conservative treatment and do require surgery. Clinical improvement takes time, even after surgical treatment. This review article summarizes the processes related to the diagnosis and treatment of calcific tendinitis with the aim of helping clinicians choose appropriate treatment options for their patients.

18.
Brain & Neurorehabilitation ; : e10-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897391

ABSTRACT

In the article, the funding source was missed.

19.
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow ; : 210-216, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890259

ABSTRACT

Calcific tendinitis is the leading cause of shoulder pain. Among patients with calcific tendinitis, 2.7%–20% are asymptomatic, and 35%–45% of patients whose calcific deposits are inadvertently discovered develop shoulder pain. If symptoms are present, complications such as decreased range of motion of the shoulder joint should be minimized while managing pain. Patients with acute calcific tendinitis respond well to conservative treatment and rarely require surgery. In contrast, patients with chronic calcific tendinitis often do not respond to conservative treatment and do require surgery. Clinical improvement takes time, even after surgical treatment. This review article summarizes the processes related to the diagnosis and treatment of calcific tendinitis with the aim of helping clinicians choose appropriate treatment options for their patients.

20.
Brain & Neurorehabilitation ; : e10-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889687

ABSTRACT

In the article, the funding source was missed.

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