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Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 845-850, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711170


Objectives To evaluate the role of PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9) on the lipid accumulation and kidney injury of C57BL/6 mice. Methods The 24 h urine of 12 weeks old wide type C57BL/6 mice and PCSK9 knockout (KO) mice were collected through a metabolic cage, followed by perfusion and sacrifice. Urinary microalbumin?to?creatinine ratio (UACr), total cholesterol and triglyceride in kidney tissues were measured by ELISA. BODIPY 493/503 staining and standard transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of kidney tissues was performed for evaluating lipid accumulation and podocyte foot effacement in the kidney. Kidney tissues were also evaluated by PAS stain and TUNNEL stain. PCSK9, podocin and nephrin were quantified through real?time PCR, and the Bcl?2, Bax and cleaved caspase 3 were evaluated by Western blotting. Results Total cholesterol and triglyceride contents were higher in the kidneys of PCSK9 KO mice than controls (P<0.05). The level of lipid accumulation in glomeruli and tubules through BODIPY 493/503 stain, and the amount of lipid drop in TEM were more serious in PCSK9 KO mice. UACr and podocyte foot process effacement were increased, and the transcription of podocin and nephrin were decreased in the kidneys of PCSK9 KO mice (all P<0.05). The expression of Bcl?2 was decreased, and Bax and cleavedcaspase 3 were increased in the kidney samples of PCSK9 KO mice. Conclusion PCSK9 might be reversely involved in lipid homeostasis and accumulation, resulting in injury and apoptosis in the kidneys of C57BL/6 mice.

Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 511-516, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711133


Objective To investigate the efficacy of leflunomide combined with prednisone in the induction therapy of proliferative lupus nephritis (LN).Methods A prospective,multicenter,randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in patients with biopsy-proved proliferative lupus nephritis recruited from 15 renal centers from 2013 to 2015.Patients were randomized to two groups.Oral leflunomide or intravenous cyclophosphamide was given to patients in each group.Both groups received a tapering course of oral prednisone therapy.All patients were followed up for 24 weeks.The blood biochemistry,urine index,clinical curative effect and adverse reaction were recorded and analyzed statistically.Results A total of 100 patients were enrolled in this clinical trial,including 48 patients in leflunomide group and 52 patients in cyclophosphamide group.After 24 weeks,the overall response rate was 79% (95% CI 67%-90%) in the leflunomide group and 69% (95% CI 56%-82%) in the cyclophosphamide group.23% (95%CI 11%-35%) of patients in leflunomide group showed complete remission compared with 27% (95%CI 24%-30%) in cyclophosphamide group (P=0.35).The levels of 24-hr urine protein excretion,SLEDAI and anti-dsDNA antibody titers were decreased in patients treated with leflunomide group after 24-weeks treatment.And the levels of serum albumin and complement 3 after treatment were significantly higher compared with these before treatment.There was also no significant difference in changes of 24-hr urine protein excretion,SLEDAI score,anti-dsDNA antibody titers,serum albumin and complement C3 levels after treatment between two groups.Incidence of adverse events did not differ between the leflunomide and cyclophosphamide group.Conclusions Leflunomide combined with prednisone showed same efficacy compared with cyclophosphamide as induction therapy for lupus nephritis.Leflunomide might be an useful medicine in the induction therapy of lupus nephritis.

Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 132-139, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513330


Objective To investigate the effects of 12-lipoxygenase (12-LO) and angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ) on the CIP/KIP family of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs) p21,p27 and p57 related to cell hypertrophy.Methods Mesangial cells were treated with high glucose for 24 hours and 48 hours respectively.12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid [12(S)-HETE] and Ang Ⅱ were infused to rats by osmotic mini-pump for 1 week and 2 weeks respectively.Rats fed high fat diet were received low dose streptozotocin (STZ) to make type 2 diabetes (DN).The rats were divided into normal control group,DN group,DN+Ang Ⅱ type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) group or 12-LO inhibitor (CDC) group.DN+ARB rats were treated by losartan for 6 weeks,and DN+CDC rats were treated for 8 weeks.Urine albumin and protein expressions of p21,p27 and p57 were detected by ELISA and Western blotting respectively.Glomeruli injury and expressions of p21 and p27 were detected by PAS staining and immunohistochemistry respectively.Results High glucose increased p21 and p27 protein expression in mesangial cells significantly compared with the relative control (all P < 0.05),but had no effect on p57.Ang Ⅱ increased p27 protein expression in gloneruli significantly (P < 0.05),but had no effect on p21 and p57 protein expression.12(S)-HETE increased both p21 and p27 protein expression in glomeruli significantly (all P < 0.05),but had no effect on p57 protein expression.Blood glucose,kidney/body weight,urinary protein,and glomerular p21 and p27 protein expressions were increased in DN group (all P < 0.05) compared with those in control group,with little change of p57 protein expression (P < 0.05).Moreover,glomerular hypertrophy and extra cellular matrix accumulation were observed in DN group.However,urine protein,kidney/body weight,renal injury,but not blood glucose,were decreased in DN+ARB group and DN+CDC group compared with DN group respectively (P< 0.05).Further DN+CDC rats had decreased both p21 and p27 protein expressions in glomeruli,but DN+ ARB rats only had decreased p27 protein expression (all P < 0.05).Conclusions 12-LO may induce both p21 and p27 protein expression in DN glomeruli,but Ang Ⅱ may induce only p27 expression.

Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 210-215, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431374


Objective To investigate the effect of angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ) type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) on 12-lipoxygenase (12-LO) activity and P-cadherin expression in type 2 diabetic rat glomeruli.Methods Podocytes were stimulated by 107 mol/L Ang Ⅱ for 24 hours.12(S)-HETE (1mg· kg 1 · d-1) and Ang Ⅱ (400 ng· kg-1· min-1) were infused to rats by osmotic mini-pump for 1 week and 2 weeks respectively.Rats fed with high fat diet received low dose streptozotocin (STZ) to make type 2 diabetes and divided into 2 groups:low dose STZ (DN group),low dose STZ + ARB treatment (Losartan group).Rats fed with regular chow were used as control group.All the rats were sacrificed after 6 weeks.Urine,blood,kidney cortical tissue and isolated glomeruli by sieving method were collected at the end of study respectively.ELISA,RT-PCR and Western blotting for related target were performed respectively.Results Ang Ⅱ increased 12(S)-HETE levels in podocytes and glomeruli (all P < 0.01).Ang Ⅱ levels in the glomeruli were significantly increased by 12(S)-HETE stimulation (P <0.01).Blood glucose,kidney/body weight and 24 hour urinary protein were increased in DN group compared with that in control group (all P < 0.01).However,urine protein,Kidney/body weight were decreased in Losartan group compared with DN group (all P < 0.05).Increment of 12(S)-HETE content and decrement of P-cadherin expression were observed in DN glomeruli compared with that in control group(all P < 0.01).These abnormalities were prevented by administration of the losartan (all P < 0.05).Conclusions Ang Ⅱ can down-regulate glomerular P-cadherin expression via activation of 12-LO.ARB can ameliorate the progression of DN via up-regulation of glomerular P-cadherin through inhibition of 12-LO activation in type 2 DN rats.

Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595403


0.05).Conclusion On clinical,MMP-9 C-1562T genotype of IgA nephropathy patients may impact on the degree of urinary protein,but not other clinical manifestations,and prognosis of IgA nephropathy.