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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 570-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of lipid regulating therapy on carotid atherosclerotic plaque in diabetic patients. Methods: The REACH study, conducted between March 2009 and February 2012, enrolled asymptomatic patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed carotid atherosclerotic plaque, who had never taken lipid-lowering drugs. Patients were treated with a moderate dose of rosuvastatin for 24 months. Blood lipid levels were measured and carotid MRI was performed at baseline, 3 and 24 months after treatment. The volume of carotid wall and lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC) were measured by image analysis software. This study retrospectively analyzed patients in the REACH study. Patients were divided into diabetes group and non-diabetic group. The changes of blood lipid level and MRI parameters of carotid atherosclerotic plaque were compared between the two groups and their correlation was analyzed. Results: A total of 38 patients with carotid atherosclerotic plaque were included in this study, including 13 patients (34.2%) in the diabetic group and 25 patients (65.8%) in the non-diabetic group. Baseline parameters were comparable between the two groups, except higher HbA1c level in diabetes group (P<0.05). Compared with baseline, the total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglyceride (TG) levels were significantly decreased at 3 and 24 months in both two groups (P<0.05). The change of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in diabetes group was not obvious, while it was significantly increased in non-diabetic group at 24 months ((1.38±0.33) mmol/l vs. (1.26±0.26) mmol/l, P<0.05). MRI results showed that the volume and percentage of LRNC remained unchanged at 3 months, slightly decreased at 24 months (64.86 (45.37, 134.56) mm3 vs. 75.76 (48.20, 115.64) mm3, P>0.05) and (15.84% (11.47%, 24.85%) vs. 16.95% (11.64%, 22.91%), P>0.05) in diabetic group. In non-diabetic group, the volume and percentage of LRNC were significantly decreased at 3 months (63.01 (44.25, 188.64) mm3 vs. 72.49 (51.91, 199.59) mm3, P<0.05) and (13.76% (8.81%, 27.64%) vs. 16.04% (11.18%, 27.05%), P<0.05) respectively. Both parameters further decreased to (55.63 (27.18, 179.40) mm3) and (12.71% (8.39%, 24.41%)) at 24 months (both P<0.05). Wall volume, lumen volume and percent wall volume (PWV) were not affected post therapy in both two groups(P>0.05). There were no correlations between the changes of plaque parameters including volume and percentage of LRNC, wall volume, lumen volume, PWV and the changes of blood lipid parameters (TC, LDL-C, HDL-C and TG) in 3 and 24 months (P>0.05). Conclusion: Lipid-lowering therapy possesses different effects on carotid atherosclerotic plaque in diabetic and non-diabetic patients, and the LRNC improvement is more significant in non-diabetic patients as compared to diabetic patients.


Subject(s)
Carotid Arteries/pathology , Carotid Artery Diseases/drug therapy , Cholesterol, HDL/therapeutic use , Cholesterol, LDL , Diabetes Mellitus , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Necrosis/pathology , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Rosuvastatin Calcium/therapeutic use
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the proportion of cervical spine instability in treatment-naive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, to investigate the associated neck symptoms, and to analyze the clinical characteristics in treatment-naive RA patients and treated RA patients.@*METHODS@#RA patients who underwent cervical spine X-ray imaging from the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of Peking University Third Hospital and Peking University Shenzhen Hospital from August 2015 to October 2019 and had clinical records of medication administration were included. Clinical and laboratory data including cervical symptoms and X-ray imaging data of cervical spine were collected. The constituent ratio of cervical spine instability in treatment-naive RA patients was statistically analyzed. The clinical data and laboratory data were analyzed by t-test, u-test and chi square to explore the clinical characteristics of the treatment-naive RA patients with cervical instability.@*RESULTS@#Of the 408 RA patients, 105 patients were treatment-naive. Of the 105 treatment-naive patients, 82.9% (87/105) were female, with an average age of (52±14) years, the median duration of the disease was 24 months, the shortest history was 2 weeks, and the longest history was 30 years. 28.6% (30/105) of the treatment-naive RA patients showed cervical spine instability. The prevalence of cervical instability was 13.6% in the treatment-naive RA patients with disease duration less than 24 months. Among them, there were no significant differences in neck symptoms between cervical spine instability group and none cervical spine instability group. The patients with cervical spine instability had a longer duration of disease [60 (18, 180) months vs.16 (8, 51) months], a higher proportion of peripheral joint deformity (63.3%vs.21.3%), and a lower hemoglobin [(106.90±21.61) g/L vs. (115.77±14.69) g/L]. There was no significant difference in the occurrence of cervical instability in the treatment-naive RA patients compared with treated RA patients. Among the RA patients with cervical instability, there was no statistically significant difference in the composition of each type between the patients with treatment-naive RA and patients with treated RA, except for a shorter duration of disease [120.0 (72.0, 240.0) months vs. 60.0 (27.0, 167.5) months].@*CONCLUSION@#28.6% of treatment-naive RA patients showed cervical spine instability. Cervical instability was also common in RA patients with a duration less than 24 months. There was no significant correlation between cervical instability and neck symptoms. Patients with cervical spine instability had a long-term disease, a higher proportion of peripheral joint deformity and a lower hemoglobin. Controlling the condition of RA early may help to control the progression of cervical involvement in patients with RA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Middle Aged
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 126-136, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878242

ABSTRACT

High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has proven to be a time-saving and efficient exercise strategy. Compared with traditional aerobic exercise, it can provide similar or even better health benefits. In recent years, a number of studies have suggested that HIIT could be used as a potential exercise rehabilitation therapy to improve cognitive impairment caused by obesity, diabetes, stroke, dementia and other diseases. HIIT may be superior to regular aerobic exercise. This article reviews the recent research progress on HIIT with a focus on its beneficial effect on brain cognitive function and the underlying mechanisms. HIIT may become an effective exercise for the prevention and/or improvement of brain cognitive disorder.


Subject(s)
Cognition , Exercise , High-Intensity Interval Training , Humans , Obesity , Stroke
4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 600-605, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909910

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of tension-reducing distraction of external fixators for limb wound closure.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made on data of 21 patients with refractory limb wounds admitted to 920th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force of PLA from January 2016 to July 2019. There were 15 males and 6 females,aged 11 to 56 years [ (37.8 ± 11.2)years]. The lower-limb wounds were found in 15 patients and the upper-limb wound in 6 patients. The area of wound defect ranged from 1.2 cm × 1.0 cm to 22.0 cm × 17.1 cm. After debridement of the limb wound,the tension-reducing distraction of Ilizarov external fixators was used according to the shape and location of the wound. Distraction was applied at a rate of 1 mm/d starting at postoperative day 1 and the direction of distraction was adjusted according to the angle of skin closure of the trauma. The wound reduction distraction time and wound healing time were recorded. The wound healing score was used to evaluate wound healing at postoperative 5 days and 30 days. Complications were recorded according to the Paley classification. The wound survival curve was plotted to observe the time of wound tension reduction and traction and wound healing. The final wound healing was detected as well.Results:All patients were followed up for 3 to 9 months [(4.5 ± 1.7)months]. The wounds were significantly reduced after reduction and distraction,with the reduction time of 6-23 days [(7.8 ± 2.3)days] and the wound healing time of 15-47 days [(23.0 ± 3.3)days]. The wound healing score was (3.2 ± 0.9)points at postoperative 5 days and (0.7 ± 0.2)points at postoperative 30 days ( P < 0.05). There were 15 problems,0 disorder,and 0 sequelae according to the Paley classification of complications. The wound survival curve showed the median time of reduction and distraction and wound healing was 16 days and 34 days,respectively. All patients showed wound healing without recurrence,of which 10 were healed directly,8 by implants and 3 by sutures. Conclusion:For patients with limb wounds difficult to be treated by flap coverage,the tension-reducing distraction of external fixators can effectively close the wound,fasten wound healing,shorten treatment period,and has fewer complications and a low recurrence rate.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the population distribution of cervical spine instability in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and to analyze the clinical characteristics in RA patients with cervical spine instability.@*METHODS@#A total of 439 RA patients who had completed cervical spine X-ray examination from Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of Peking University Shenzhen Hospital and Peking University Third Hospital from August 2015 to March 2019 were enrolled. The clinical data, laboratory data and cervical radiographic data were collected and analyzed by t-test, rank sum test and Chi-square test to clarify the clinical characteristics in the RA patients with cervical spine instability.@*RESULTS@#Of the 439 RA patients, 80.9% (355/439) were female, with an average age of (52.9±13.9) years, a median duration of the disease was 60 months, the shortest history was 2 weeks, and the longest history was up to 46 years. 29.6% (130/439) of the RA patients showed cervical spine instability. Among them, 20 RA patients were complicated with two different types of cervical instability, the atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) accounted for 24.6% (108/439), the vertical subluxation (VS) accounted for 7.3% (32/439) and the subluxial subluxations (SAS) accounted for 2.3% (10/439). The patients with cervical spine instability had a longer duration of disease [120 (36, 240) months vs. 48 (12, 120) months], a higher proportion of peripheral joint deformity (56.9% vs. 29.9%), and a higher visual analog scale (VAS) measuring general health score (4.89±2.49 vs. 3.93±2.38), a lower hemoglobin [(111.31±19.44) g/L vs. (115.56±16.60) g/L] and a higher positive rate of anti-cyclic citrullina-ted peptide (CCP) antibody (90.8% vs. 76.6%). There were no significant differences in gender, age, number of swollen joints, number of tenderness joints, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, rheumatoid factor level, 28-joint disease activity score, positive rate of anti keratin antibody, duration of glucocorticoid use and duration of disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs use between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#In the study, 29.6% of the RA patients showed cervical spine instability. RA patients with cervical spine instability had a long-term disease, a higher proportion of peripheral joint deformity, a higher VAS measuring general health score, a lower hemoglobin and a higher positive rate of anti-CCP antibody.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Autoantibodies , Cervical Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Demography , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/epidemiology , Middle Aged
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1397-1403, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827600

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Intensive therapy with disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) has been reported to improve the outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, real-world study on the effect of intensive therapy on RA sustained remission is still lacking. This study aimed to investigate the outcome of sustained intensive DMARD therapy (SUIT) for RA in a real-world 5-year consecutive cohort.@*METHODS@#Based on a consecutive cohort of 610 out-patients with RA, remission of RA was assessed in 541 patients from 2012 to 2017, by dividing into SUIT, non-SUIT, and intermittent SUIT (Int-SUIT) groups. Changes in the disease activity scores were evaluated by 28-joint disease activity score based on erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR), 28-joint disease activity score based on C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP), and clinical deep remission criteria (CliDR). Cumulative remission rates between different groups were compared using Kaplan-Meier curves and predictive factors of sustained remission were identified by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#The remission rates of the SUIT group decreased from 12.0% (65/541) to 5.6% (20/359) based on DAS28-ESR, from 14.0% (76/541) to 7.2% (26/359) based on DAS28-CRP, and from 8.5% (46/541) to 3.1% (11/359) based on CliDR, respectively, with a gradually decreasing trend during the 5 years. The SUIT regimen led to a significantly higher cumulative remission rate than non-SUIT regimen based on DAS28-ESR (39.7% vs. 19.5%, P = 0.001), DAS28-CRP (42.0% vs. 19.6%, P = 0.001), and CliDR (24.5% vs. 8.7%, P = 0.001). The cumulative remission rates of patients treated with SUIT regimen were significantly higher than those treated with Int-SUIT regimen based on DAS28-ESR (39.7% vs. 25.7%, P = 0.043) and CliDR (24.5% vs. 14.2%, P = 0.047), but there was no significant difference between the two groups based on DAS28-CRP (42.0% vs. 27.4%, P = 0.066). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the use of SUIT regimen was an independent favorable predictor according to different remission definitions (for DAS28-ESR: odds ratio [OR], 2.215, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.271-3.861, P = 0.005; for DAS28-CRP: OR, 1.520, 95% CI: 1.345-1.783, P = 0.002; for CliDR: OR, 1.525, 95% CI: 1.314-1.875, P = 0.013).@*CONCLUSION@#Sustained intensive treatment of RA is an optimal strategy in daily practice and will lead to an increased remission rate.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872112

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of computer aided design (CAD) and three bit printing in the management of orthognathic surgery.Methods A total of 5 cases of patients with jaw deformity were involved in this study;jaw teeth and CT scanning laser scanning hefore surgery,virtual surgery design of 3D reconstruction and fusion data were analyzed,according to the design scheme of double jaw surgery combined with genioplasty;design and 3D printing of maxillary Le Fort Ⅰ osteotomy,genioplasty titanium alloy resin osteotomy and positioning guide,sagittal split ramus osteotomy by 3D printing and plate technology were used in this approach.The postoperative results were compared with the surgical planning by three-dimensional measurement and statistical analysis.Results When the operation guide plate was applied smoothly,the maximum error for maxilla was 1.2 mm (0.3-1.2 mm),and the maximum error for genioplasty was 1.7 mm,(0.5-1.7 mm),and the mean error was less than 1 mm.Follow-up for 12 months showed no adverse reaction.Conclusions Three dimensional printing surgical guide plate can accurately provide the osteotomy information,effectively control the jaw movement,and improve the orthognathic surgery accuracy of patients with partial jaw deformity.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinicopathological characteristics of the primary hepatic adenosquamous carcinoma(ASC).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 5 ASC patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from 2006 to 2019 who underwent surgical resection and were pathologically confirmed.Results:Among the 5 ASC cases, there were 4 males and 1 female. The age ranged from 48 to 73 years. As for the initial symptoms, there were 5 cases complaining upper abdominal pain, 2 cases presenting fever, 1 case presenting weight loss and 1 case presenting jaundice. CA19-9 was significantly higher than normal in 4 cases, while AFP was normal in all. None had definite preoperative diagnosis.All the 5 patients underwent surgical resection with pathology proved primary hepatic ASC. Lymph node metastasis was found in 4 cases and nerve invasion in 2 cases. There were 4 cases at TNM stage ⅣA, one at stage ⅠB. The median disease-free survival (DFS) was 5 months and the overall survival (OS) was 9 months.Conclusions:Primary hepatic adenosquamous carcinoma is a rare type of liver malignant tumor with an extremely poor prognosis. Surgical resection helps little in improving the prognosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867190

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the embryo-fetal developmental toxicity (EFDT) of careno?prazan hydrochloride (KFP-H008) in rabbits. METHODS Pregnant rabbits were given by gavage KFP-H008 at 5, 15 and 50 mg·kg-1 during the organogenetic period (gestation days 6-18, GD 6-18). Rabbits in positive control group were treated with cyclophosphamide (CP) 10 mg·kg-1 by iv. Maternal body mass and food consumption during gestation were recorded. Pregnant dams were euthanized on GD 29. The numbers of live/dead fetuses, resorptions, implantations, corpora lutea, and gravid uterus mass, placenta mass, fetal gender ratios, body mass, and skeletal development were evaluated. Moreover, the toxicokinetic parameters including AUC and C0-t, and tissue distributions were determined. RESULTS From GD 13, the maternal body mass and the food consumption in KFP-H00815 and 50 mg · kg-1 groups were lower than in the normal control group (P<0.05). Also, the reduced fetal crown rump length and mass, skeletal malformations/variations were observed in KFP-H00815 and 50 mg · kg-1 groups (P<0.05). KFP-H008 was rapidly eliminated, and became undetectable in the maternal plasma after a single administration. Following multiple KFP-H00850 mg · kg-1 treatment, both KFP-H008 and its metabolites were detectable in various tissues of the maternal and fetus, which might be the evidence for carenoprazan-induced developmental toxicity. In KFP-H00815 mg · kg-1 group, KFP-H008 and its metabolites were undetectable in most of maternal and fetal tissues. CONCLUSION The no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of KFP-H008 for maternal and fetal rabbits is about 5 mg·kg-1.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865095

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a group of adenocarcinoma that derives from epithelium of the subbranches of intrahepatic bile ducts, which is characterized by difficulty in early diagnosis, high malignancy and poor prognosis. ICC is relatively rare, but it is the second most common in primary liver cancer, and its incidence has gradually increased worldwide. Radical resection is recognized as the only treatment that can bring better long-term survival currently. However, many surgery-related problems, such as lymph node dissection and major vascular resection and reconstruction, are still controversial. Adjuvant therapy, including chemotherapy, regional therapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, has received increasing attention in recent years. Although there is no uniform standard, a large number of related studies have supported its efficacy. In this article, the authors have reviewed the molecular pathogenesis of ICC and advances in treatment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828197

ABSTRACT

Based on the analysis of the theoretical calculation model of axial resolution of optical coherence tomograph for the posterior segment of the human eye, a set of testing device for measuring its axial resolution is designed and developed. In view of a commercial ophthalmic optical coherence tomograph in clinical use, its axial resolution is calculated to be 5.07 μm theoretically, and the actual measurement value is 5.45 μm. The uncertainty of the detection device is evaluated and the result is (5.45±0.10) μm. The measurement error introduced by the testing device is very small. Meanwhile, the axial resolution measured by the testing device meets the requirements of the instrument(≤ 6 μm).


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Eye , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Uncertainty
13.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 60-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781855

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and mechanism of interleukin (IL)-17C in mice undergoing kidney transplantation. Methods The life-supporting kidney transplantation mice models were established using Balb/c (H-2Kd) mice as the donors, IL-17C gene knock out (IL-17CKO) mice (knockout group) and C57BL/6J(H-2Kb) mice (wild group) were chosen as the recipients. The postoperative body mass and survival time of mice were statistically compared between two groups. Pathological examination of the kidney graft was performed by using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. The expression levels of granzyme B, interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-6 and IL-1β messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) in the kidney graft tissue were quantitatively measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The proportion of inflammatory cell infiltration in the kidney graft tissue was detected by flow cytometry. Results In the knockout group, the survival time of mice after kidney transplantation was significantly shorter than that of the wild mice (P=0.031). The body mass was more evidently decreased in the knockout group with no statistical significance from that in the wild group. Pathological examination demonstrated that the kidney graft injury in the knockout group was significantly worse than that in the wild group. The mRNA expression levels of granzyme B, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-6 mRNA in the knockout group were significantly up-regulated compared with those in the wild group (all P < 0.01). The mRNA expression level of IL-1β showed a decreasing trend with no statistical significance (P=0.16). Flow cytometry analysis revealed that the infiltration of CD45+CD11b+Ly6G+ neutrophil and CD45+CD11b+Ly6Chi monocyte in the kidney graft of knockout mice was significantly higher compared with that of the wild mice (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), whereas the infiltration of CD45+Ly6ChiF4/80+ macrophage did not significantly differ between two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions IL-17C participates in the regulation of inflammatory response after kidney transplantation. It can alleviate acute rejection and improve the survival of kidney graft by down-regulating the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and infiltration of inflammatory cells.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849881

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To discuss the effect and the corresponding mechanism of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) in promoting the bronchial epithelia synthesis and the expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), so seek out a potential therapeutic target for asthma. Methods Human bronchial epithelia cells (HBEc) were cultured in vitro, and then divided into 0h group, 3h group, 6h group, 12h group, 24h group and 48h group to evaluate the effect of TGF-β1 stimulation in different time points; and divided into 0ng/ml group, 0.1ng/ml group, 1ng/ml group and 10ng/ml group to evaluate the effect of TGF-β1 stimulation in different concentrations. SB431542, a TGF-β1 antagonist, was used to block the effect of TGF-β1, HBEc were divided into negative control group, TGF-β1 group (1ng/ml TGF-β1) and TGF-β1+SB431542 group (1ng/ml TGF-β1+10μmol/L SB431542). Western blotting was performed to detect the protein expression level of TSLP, p-Smad3 and Smad3, while qRT-PCR was performed to determine the mRNA transcription level of TSLP. Concentrations of TSLP in HBEc culture supernatants were measured by ELISA. Results As the co-culture time with TGF-β1 prolonged, the expression of TSLP in HBEc increased. The relative expression of TSLP protein was significantly higher in 24h group (0.803±0.022) than in 0h group (0.350±0.032, P<0.05), and the relative expression of TSLP mRNA also increased (4.957±0.391 vs. 1.002±0.086, P<0.05). The levels of TSLP mRNA transcription and protein expression were significantly higher in 1ng/ml TGF-β1 group (7.954±2.004; 1.522±0.003) than in 0ng/ml TGF-β1 group (1.008±0.152; 0.758±0.014, P<0.05). The concentrations of TSLP in HBEc culture supernatants were markedly higher in 1ng/ml TGF-β1 group than in 0ng/ml TGF-β1 group (160.157±7.050 vs. 138.817±1.940, P<0.05). The ratio of p-Smad3/Smad3 declined obviously in TGF-β1+SB431542 group than in TGF-β1 group (0.808±0.063 vs. 1.116±0.049, P<0.05). Meanwhile, the relative expression of TSLP protein was significantly lower in TGF-β1+SB431542 group than in TGF-β1 group (1.016±0.030 vs. 1.186±0.045, P<0.05). Conclusion TGF-β1 may induce the expression of TSLP in HBEc by up-regulating Smad3 phosphorylation, which may be a novel method in curing asthma.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1009-1014, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797469

ABSTRACT

Background:@#Clinical remission is the treatment target in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to investigate clinical remission and related factors in a large cohort of patients with RA.@*Methods:@#This study composed of 342 patients with RA. Data were collected by face-to-face interview of 1049 patients with RA who visited the Department of Rheumatology of three teaching hospitals from September 2015 to May 2016. The patients with RA were clinically assessed by rheumatologists and a four-page questionnaire was completed on site. Subsequently, patients fulfilled remission criteria were further analyzed. The practicability of different definitions of remission of RA was rated by a panel of rheumatologists. Sustained intensive disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) treatment was defined as a combination treatment with two or more DMARDs for at least 6 months.@*Results:@#In this cohort of 342 patients with RA, the proportions of patients achieving remission were 38.0%, 29.5%, 24.9%, 21.1%, 19.0%, 18.1%, and 17.0%, based on criteria of disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28) using CRP (DAS28-CRP), DAS28 using ESR (DAS28-ESR), routine assessment of patient index data 3 (RAPID-3), Boolean, simplified disease activity index (SDAI), clinical disease activity index, and the newly described clinical deep remission (CliDR), respectively. Boolean and CliDR are the best in practicability scored by rheumatologists (7.5 and 8.0, respectively). Compared with the non-sustained intensive group, sustained intensive treatment with DMARDs yielded higher remission rates of 25.6%, 23.8%, and 21.3% in patients with RA based on Boolean (χ2=3.937, P=0.047), SDAI (χ2=4.666, P=0.031), and CliDR criteria (χ2=4.297, P=0.038). The most commonly prescribed conventional synthesized DMARDs (csDMARDs) in patients with RA was leflunomide, followed by methotrexate, and hydroxychloroquine. Compared with the non-remission group, patients achieving remission had a longer median duration of DMARDs (45.0 [22.8–72.3] months, Z=-2.295, P=0.022).@*Conclusions:@#The findings in this study indicated that clinical deep remission is achievable in patients with RA. Sustained intensive DMARD treatment is needed to achieve a better outcome in RA.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734800

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical prognosis and efficacy of adjuvant therapy with imatinib of postoperative patients with gastric intermediate-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST).Methods The clinicopathological data and follow-up data of 93 gastric intermediate-risk GIST cases from Jan 2005 to Dec 2016 at Union Hospital were analyzed retrospectively.Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to assess the prognostic factors.Results There were 93 patients undergoing complete GIST resection with 42(45%) cases receiving post-op imatinib 400 mg/d for targeted therapy.The median target therapy period was 12 (6-72) months.86% (80 cases) patients were followed up for 46 (6-120) months.The 1-,3-,5-year recurrence-free survival rate (RFS) of the whole group were 100%,91.5%,88.5% respectively.Multivariate analysis revealed that mitotic count (P =0.040,RR =6.078,95% CI:0.541-68.274) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (P =0.036,RR =6.102,95% CI:0.782-47.632) were prognostic risk factors of RFS.For those mitotic count > 2/50 HPF and NLR > 2.3,adjuvant therapy with imatinib significantly increases RFS.Conclusion Mitotic count and NLR were independent risk factors of RFS in gastric intermediate-risk GIST.For those with mitotic count > 2/50 HPF and NLR > 2.3,postoperative adjuvant therapy with imatinib helps improve the prognosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810850

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the morbidity and treatment of early postoperative complications after laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer, and to explore the risk factors.@*Methods@#A case-control study was performed to retrospectively collect clinicopathological data of 764 patients undergoing laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer at our department between January 2015 and December 2017. Patient inclusion criteria: (1) gastric cancer diagnosed by preoperative electronic gastroscopy and biopsy, and confirmed by postoperative pathology; (2) without invasion into adjacent organs by preoperative evaluation of tumors; (3) tumors without definite liver and distant metastasis; (4) R0 resection of gastric cancer and standard D2 lymph node dissection; (5) patients with informed consent. Exclusion criteria: (1) unperformed laparoscopic D2 radical resection; (2) other types of gastric tumor confirmed by pathology; (3) cases with incomplete clinical data. Complication occurring within two weeks after laparoscopic D2 gastrectomy was defined as early postoperative complication. Patients were divided into two groups: non-complication group (693 cases) and complication group (71 cases) according to the occurrence of complications after operation. The clinicopathological data of two groups were analyzed and compared with t test and χ2 test, and the factors of P < 0.2 were included in the multivariate logistic regression model to analyze the risk factors of postoperative complications.@*Results@#Of 764 patients, 71 (9.3%) developed early postoperative complications, with median onset time of 3 (1 to 11) days. Surgical complications accounted for 7.9% (60/764), including 13 cases (1.7%) of abdominal hemorrhage, 12 cases (1.6%) of anastomotic leakage, 10 cases (1.3%) of incision infection, 8 cases (1.0%) of anastomotic bleeding, 7 cases (0.9%) of gastric stump weakness, 4 cases (0.5%) of abdominal infection, 4 cases (0.5%) of duodenal stump leakage and 2 cases (0.3%) of small intestinal obstruction. Non-surgical complications accounted for 1.4% (11/764), including 6 cases (0.8%) of pulmonary infection and 5 cases (0.7%) of cardiovascular disease. Two cases (0.3%) died of sepsis caused by severe abdominal infection; 9 cases (1.2%) recovered after receiving the second operation, among whom 5 cases were abdominal hemorrhage, 2 cases were anastomotic leakage and 2 cases were duodenal stump leakage; the remaining patients were healed with conservative treatment. Compared with patients without complications, patients with complications had higher proportions of BMI ≥24 kg/m2 [42.3% (30/71) vs. 24.2%(168/693), χ2=10.881, P=0.001], comorbity [64.8% (46/71) vs. 33.5% (232/693), χ2=27.277, P<0.001], combined organ resection [70.4% (50/71) vs. 20.5% (142/693), χ2=85.338, P<0.001], and pTNM stage of III [70.4% (50/71) vs. 40.1% (278/693), χ2=24.196, P<0.001], meanwhile had longer time to postoperative flatus [(4.2±2.1) days vs. (2.9±1.2) days, t=4.621, P=0.023], longer hospital stay [(34.6±12.6) days vs. (14.2±6.2) days, t=9.862, P<0.001] and higher hospitalization cost [(126.8±64.5) thousand yuan vs. (85.2±35.8) thousand yuan, t=11.235, P<0.001]. Multivariate analysis showed that BMI ≥24 kg/m2 (OR=3.762, 95% CI: 1.960-8.783, P=0.035), accompanying disease (OR=8.620, 95% CI: 1.862-29.752, P<0.001), combined organ resection (OR=6.210, 95% CI: 1.357-21.568, P=0.026), and pTNM stage (OR=4.752, 95% CI: 1.214-12.658, P<0.001) were the independent risk factors of postoperative complications.@*Conclusions@#Laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy is a safe and effective approach for gastric cancer. Most early postoperative complications can obtain satisfactory efficacy after conservative treatment. Perioperative management should be strengthened for those patients with high BMI, accompanying diseases, combined organ resection, and advanced pTNM stage.

18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 585-590, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810806

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and feasibility of laparoscopic resection for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in unfavorable location by comparing with open surgery.@*Methods@#Clinicopathological and follow-up data of 176 patients with gastric GIST in unfavorable location admitted at Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2005 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 94 males and 82 females, aging of (57.4±12.7) years (range: 20-90 years). Of the 176 patients, 64 underwent laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopic group) and 112 underwent open surgery (open group). One-to-one propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to balance the covariance between laparoscopic group and open surgery group. Before PSM, the differences between the two group in tumor size and modified National Institutes of Health risk classification were significant. After PSM, there were 63 pairs (63 cases in laparoscopic group and 63 cases in open group) and the baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups(P>0.05). The difference of short-term outcome between the two groups were compared using t test, χ2 test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. The survival curve was established by Kaplan-Meier method and the Log-rank test was used to compare the survival of the two groups.@*Results@#The operation time of laparoscopic group was shorter ((141.6±100.6) minutes vs. (100.4±67.7) minutes, t=2.681, P=0.008), the hospitalization cost was higher ((5.2±0.7) ten thousand yuan vs. (4.2±0.8) ten thousand yuan, t=7.357, P=0.000) than open group. The time to first flatus ((49.1±8.2) hours vs. (71.0±4.6) hours, t=-18.482, P=0.000) and preoperative hospital stay ((10.3±6.0) days vs. (14.8±7.6) days, t=-3.717, P=0.000) was shorter in laparoscopic group. With a median follow-up time of 44 months (range: 10 to 154 months), the 1-, 3-, 5-year relapse-free survival rates in the laparoscopic group and open group were 98.3%, 92.1%, 92.1% and 100%, 86.3%, 83.2%, respectively (χ2=0.696, P=0.404). The 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rates in the laparoscopic group and open group were 96.6%, 94.7%, 94.7% and 100%, 91.1%, 81.4%, respectively (χ2=0.366, P=0.545).@*Conclusions@#In experienced medical centers, laparoscopic resection is safe and feasible for GIST in unfavorable location. Compared to open surgery, laparoscopic resection achieves a faster postoperative recovery and a similar long-term prognosis.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1009-1014, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Clinical remission is the treatment target in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to investigate clinical remission and related factors in a large cohort of patients with RA.@*METHODS@#This study composed of 342 patients with RA. Data were collected by face-to-face interview of 1049 patients with RA who visited the Department of Rheumatology of three teaching hospitals from September 2015 to May 2016. The patients with RA were clinically assessed by rheumatologists and a four-page questionnaire was completed on site. Subsequently, patients fulfilled remission criteria were further analyzed. The practicability of different definitions of remission of RA was rated by a panel of rheumatologists. Sustained intensive disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) treatment was defined as a combination treatment with two or more DMARDs for at least 6 months.@*RESULTS@#In this cohort of 342 patients with RA, the proportions of patients achieving remission were 38.0%, 29.5%, 24.9%, 21.1%, 19.0%, 18.1%, and 17.0%, based on criteria of disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28) using CRP (DAS28-CRP), DAS28 using ESR (DAS28-ESR), routine assessment of patient index data 3 (RAPID-3), Boolean, simplified disease activity index (SDAI), clinical disease activity index, and the newly described clinical deep remission (CliDR), respectively. Boolean and CliDR are the best in practicability scored by rheumatologists (7.5 and 8.0, respectively). Compared with the non-sustained intensive group, sustained intensive treatment with DMARDs yielded higher remission rates of 25.6%, 23.8%, and 21.3% in patients with RA based on Boolean (χ = 3.937, P = 0.047), SDAI (χ = 4.666, P = 0.031), and CliDR criteria (χ = 4.297, P = 0.038). The most commonly prescribed conventional synthesized DMARDs (csDMARDs) in patients with RA was leflunomide, followed by methotrexate, and hydroxychloroquine. Compared with the non-remission group, patients achieving remission had a longer median duration of DMARDs (45.0 [22.8-72.3] months, Z = -2.295, P = 0.022).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The findings in this study indicated that clinical deep remission is achievable in patients with RA. Sustained intensive DMARD treatment is needed to achieve a better outcome in RA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antirheumatic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Hydroxychloroquine , Therapeutic Uses , Leflunomide , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Methotrexate , Therapeutic Uses , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1001-1007, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771848

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the methylation status of CHD5 gene promoter in bone marrow from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, and the underlying mechanism for initiating the pathogenesis of AML via p19/p53/p21 pathway.@*METHODS@#Methylation status of the CHD5 gene promoter was detected by using methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSPCR) in bone marrow from AML patients, and the iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) samples were served as control. The expression of CHD5, p19, p53 and p21 was determined by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The methylation of CHD5 gene in bone marrow from AML patients increased significantly (39.06%) as compared with control group (6.67%). The methylation of CHD5 gene significantly correlated with chromosome karyotype differentiation (P<0.01), but did not correlate with the patient's sex, age and clinical classification (P>0.05). The mRNA expression of CHD5 gene in AML decreased, compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expression of p19, p53 and p21 in AML with CHD5 methylation promoter decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#The hypermeltylation of CHD5 gene promoter in AML patients can lead to decrease of CHD5, p19, p53 and p21 expression levels which may reduce the inhibitory effect on proliferation of leukemia cells through the regulation of p19, p53 and p21 pathway, thus promotes the occurence of AML.


Subject(s)
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , DNA Helicases , DNA Methylation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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