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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 629-635, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985538

ABSTRACT

Objective: The docking and superantigen activity sites of staphylococcal enterotoxin-like W (SElW) and T cell receptor (TCR) were predicted, and its SElW was cloned, expressed and purified. Methods: AlphaFold was used to predict the 3D structure of SElW protein monomers, and the protein models were evaluated with the help of the SAVES online server from ERRAT, Ramachandran plot, and Verify_3D. The ZDOCK server simulates the docking conformation of SElW and TCR, and the amino acid sequences of SElW and other serotype enterotoxins were aligned. The primers were designed to amplify selw, and the fragment was recombined into the pMD18-T vector and sequenced. Then recombinant plasmid pMD18-T was digested with BamHⅠand Hind Ⅲ. The target fragment was recombined into the expression plasmid pET-28a(+). After identification of the recombinant plasmid, the protein expression was induced by isopropyl-beta-D- thiogalactopyranoside. The SElW expressed in the supernatant was purified by affinity chromatography and quantified by the BCA method. Results: The predicted three-dimensional structure showed that the SElW protein was composed of two domains, the amino-terminal and the carboxy-terminal. The amino-terminal domain was composed of 3 α-helices and 6 β-sheets, and the carboxy-terminal domain included 2 α-helices and 7 antiparallel β-sheets composition. The overall quality factor score of the SElW protein model was 98.08, with 93.24% of the amino acids having a Verify_3D score ≥0.2 and no amino acids located in disallowed regions. The docking conformation with the highest score (1 521.328) was selected as the analysis object, and the 19 hydrogen bonds between the corresponding amino acid residues of SElW and TCR were analyzed by PyMOL. Combined with sequence alignment and the published data, this study predicted and found five important superantigen active sites, namely Y18, N19, W55, C88, and C98. The highly purified soluble recombinant protein SElW was obtained with cloning, expression, and protein purification. Conclusions: The study found five superantigen active sites in SElW protein that need special attention and successfully constructed and expressed the SElW protein, which laid the foundation for further exploration of the immune recognition mechanism of SElW.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enterotoxins/genetics , Superantigens/genetics , Catalytic Domain , Selenoprotein W/metabolism , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 982-989, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985623

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the population structure of food-borne Staphylococcus (S.) aureus in China. Methods: Whole genome sequencing was used to analyze 763 food-borne S. aureus strains from 16 provinces in China from 2006 to 2020. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST), staphylococcal protein A gene (spa) typing, and staphylococcal chromosome cassettemec (SCCmec) typing were conducted, and minimum spanning tree based on ST types (STs) was constructed by BioNumerics 7.5 software. Thirty-one S. aureus strains isolated from imported food products were also included in constructing the genome phylogenetic tree. Results: A total of 90 STs (20 novel types) and 160 spa types were detected in the 763 S. aureus isolates. The 72 STs (72/90, 80.0%) were related to 22 clone complexes. The predominant clone complexes were CC7, CC1, CC5, CC398, CC188, CC59, CC6, CC88, CC15, and CC25, accounting for 82.44% (629/763) of the total. The STs and spa types in the predominant clone complexes changed over the years. The methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) detection rate was 7.60%, and 7 SCCmec types were identified. The ST59-t437-Ⅳa (17.24%, 10/58), ST239-t030-Ⅲ (12.07%, 7/58), ST59-t437-Ⅴb (8.62%, 5/58), ST338-t437-Ⅴb (6.90%, 4/58) and ST338-t441-Ⅴb (6.90%, 4/58) were the main types in MRSA strains. The genome phylogenetic tree had two clades, and the strains with the same CC, ST, and spa types clustered together. All CC7 methicillin sensitive S. aureus strains were included in Clade1, while 21 clone complexes and all MRSA strains were in Clade2. The MRSA strains clustered according to the SCCmec and STs. The strains from imported food products in CC398, CC7, CC30, CC12, and CC188 had far distances from Chinese strains in the tree. Conclusions: In this study, the predominant clone complexes of food-borne strains were CC7, CC1, CC5, CC398, CC188, CC59, CC6, CC88, CC15, and CC25, which overlapped with the previously reported clone complexes of hospital and community-associated strains in China, suggesting that close attention needs to be paid to food, a vehicle of pathogen transmission in community and food poisoning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Phylogeny , Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology , China/epidemiology
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 153-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980992

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of hypoxia on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced CXC-chemokine ligand-10 (CXCL10) expression and the underlying mechanism. C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control, hypoxia, LPS, and hypoxia combined with LPS groups. The LPS group was intraperitoneally injected with 0.5 mg/kg LPS, and the hypoxia group was placed in a hypobaric hypoxia chamber (simulated altitude of 6 000 m). The serum and hippocampal tissue samples were collected after 6 h of the treatment. The levels of CXCL10 in the serum and hippocampal tissue of mice were detected by ELISA. The microglia cell line BV2 and primary microglia were stimulated with hypoxia (1% O2) and/or LPS (100 ng/mL) for 6 h. The mRNA expression level of CXCL10 and its content in culture supernatant were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA, respectively. The phosphorylation levels of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway-related proteins, p65 and IκBα, were detected by Western blot. Moreover, after NF-κB signaling pathway being blocked with a small molecular compound, PDTC, CXCL10 mRNA expression level was detected in the BV2 cells. The results showed that in the LPS-induced mouse inflammatory model, hypoxia treatment could promote LPS-induced up-regulation of CXCL10 in both serum and hippocampus. Compared with the cells treated with LPS alone, the expression of CXCL10 mRNA and the content of CXCL10 in the culture supernatant of BV2 cells treated with hypoxia combined with LPS were significantly increased. The CXCL10 mRNA level of primary microglial cells treated with hypoxia combined with LPS was significantly up-regulated. Compared with the cells treated with hypoxia or LPS alone, the phosphorylation levels of p65 and IκBα in the BV2 cells treated with hypoxia combined with LPS were significantly increased. PDTC blocked the induction of CXCL10 gene expression by LPS in the BV2 cells. These results suggest that hypoxia promotes LPS-induced expression of CXCL10 in both animal and cell models, and NF-κB signaling pathway plays an important role in this process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chemokines, CXC/pharmacology , Hypoxia , Ligands , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Microglia/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 113-134, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922681

ABSTRACT

Mutations of the X-linked methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene in humans are responsible for most cases of Rett syndrome (RTT), an X-linked progressive neurological disorder. While genome-wide screens in clinical trials have revealed several putative RTT-associated mutations in MECP2, their causal relevance regarding the functional regulation of MeCP2 at the etiologic sites at the protein level requires more evidence. In this study, we demonstrated that MeCP2 was dynamically modified by O-linked-β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) at threonine 203 (T203), an etiologic site in RTT patients. Disruption of the O-GlcNAcylation of MeCP2 specifically at T203 impaired dendrite development and spine maturation in cultured hippocampal neurons, and disrupted neuronal migration, dendritic spine morphogenesis, and caused dysfunction of synaptic transmission in the developing and juvenile mouse cerebral cortex. Mechanistically, genetic disruption of O-GlcNAcylation at T203 on MeCP2 decreased the neuronal activity-induced induction of Bdnf transcription. Our study highlights the critical role of MeCP2 T203 O-GlcNAcylation in neural development and synaptic transmission potentially via brain-derived neurotrophic factor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2/metabolism , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/genetics , Rett Syndrome/genetics , Synaptic Transmission , Threonine
5.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 412-418, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927680

ABSTRACT

Taking the Chinese city of Xiamen as an example, simulation and quantitative analysis were performed on the transmissions of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the influence of intervention combinations to assist policymakers in the preparation of targeted response measures. A machine learning model was built to estimate the effectiveness of interventions and simulate transmission in different scenarios. The comparison was conducted between simulated and real cases in Xiamen. A web interface with adjustable parameters, including choice of intervention measures, intervention weights, vaccination, and viral variants, was designed for users to run the simulation. The total case number was set as the outcome. The cumulative number was 4,614,641 without restrictions and 78 under the strictest intervention set. Simulation with the parameters closest to the real situation of the Xiamen outbreak was performed to verify the accuracy and reliability of the model. The simulation model generated a duration of 52 days before the daily cases dropped to zero and the final cumulative case number of 200, which were 25 more days and 36 fewer cases than the real situation, respectively. Targeted interventions could benefit the prevention and control of COVID-19 outbreak while safeguarding public health and mitigating impacts on people's livelihood.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Machine Learning , Pandemics/prevention & control , Policy , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4623-4632, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888166

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH), so as to provide a corresponding basis for clinical treatment. Eight commonly used medical research databases and two clinical trial registration systems were retrieved with the time interval from the establishment of the database or system to November 2020. The randomized controlled trials of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of TTH were screened out according to the pre-set criteria. The quality of the included papers was evaluated by the bias risk assessment tool in Cochrane Reviewers Handbook 6.1 and the data were statistically analyzed by RevMan v5.4 provided by Cochrane collaboration. A total of 13 studies were included and the quality of methodology was generally low. Meta-analysis showed that Toutongning Capsules assisted with western medicine therapy can effectively reduce the pain intensity(MD_(VAS)=-1.94,95%CI[-2.50,-1.38],P<0.000 01;MD_(NRS)=-0.83,95%CI[-0.86,-0.80],P<0.000 01), headache duration(SMD=-0.98,95%CI[-1.17,-0.79],P<0.000 01), headache frequency(MD=-1.01,95%CI[-1.16,-0.85],P<0.000 01), headache index(MD=-11.13,95%CI[-12.10,-10.16],P<0.000 01), anxiety and depression scale score(MD_(HAMA)=-4.02,95%CI[-6.58,-1.46],P=0.002;MD_(HAMD)=-2.67,95%CI[-4.04,-1.29],P=0.000 1), while Toutongning Capsules as monotherapy only reduced the headache score(MD=-2.24,95%CI[-2.97,-1.51],P<0.000 01). The available clinical studies demonstrate that Toutongning Capsules combined with western medicine in the treatment of TTH can improve the related outcome indicators, but the clinical safety and efficacy of Toutongning Capsules alone remain unclear. Due to the small number and low quality of the included studies, large-sample, multi-center, high-quality and strictly designed randomized controlled trials are still needed to verify the clinical efficacy in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4615-4622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888165

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of gastrodin as a Chinese herbal medicine extract in the treatment of tension-type headache has been confirmed. This paper systematically reviewed the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache, aiming to provide a new choice for the treatment of this disease. In this study, four Chinese databases, four English databases and two trial registries were searched from the date of establishment to September 2020. The related randomized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened out according to the predetermined criteria. The bias risk assessment tool developed by Cochrane collaboration was used to evaluate the quality of the reports. RevMan 5.4.1 was used for Meta-analysis, and GRADE system for the evidence-based evaluation on the quality of outcome indicators. A total of 177 articles were retrieved and 8 articles were finally included for analysis, with a total sample size of 1 091 cases, which included 565 cases in the treatment group and 526 cases in the control group. The overall quality of included stu-dies was not high. The results of Meta-analysis are as follows:(1)In terms of headache frequency, gastrodin group was better than wes-tern medicine group(MD=-2.90, 95%CI[-3.76,-2.03], P<0.000 01).(2)In terms of number of abnormal blood vessels in TCD, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(MD=-88.96, 95%CI[-102.36,-75.55], P<0.000 01).(3)In terms of effective rate, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.47, 95%CI[1.29, 1.68], P<0.000 01). The results of subgroup analysis are as follows:(1)Effective rate based on age, for the patients upper age limit 40-46 years old, gastro-din group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.69, 95%CI[1.50, 1.90], P<0.000 01); for the patients upper age limit 55-60 years old, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.16, 1.38], P<0.000 01).(2)Effective rate based on dosage form, both the gastrodin capsules and injection groups were better than western medicine group(RR_(capsules)=1.42, 95%CI[1.08, 1.88], P=0.01; RR_(injection)=1.50, 95%CI[1.26, 1.77], P<0.000 01). GRADE evaluation showed that the above outcomes had low quality of evidence. Only one article detailed the occurrence of adverse reactions and thus the present study cannot make a positive conclusion on the safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache. The small number and low quality of the included reports affected the reliability of the results. In the future, more high-quality randomized controlled trails are needed to improve the evaluation on the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Benzyl Alcohols/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Glucosides , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4591-4600, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888163

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the application of outcome indicators in randomized controlled trials(RCTs) concerning the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in recent five years, so as to provide a basis for the study of core outcome set(COS) for TCM intervention in TTH. The RCTs on TCM treatment of TTH in recent five years were systematically retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and China Clinical Trial Registry. After literature screening, data extraction and evaluation of the risk of bias, the outcome indicators in the included RCTs were subjected to qualitative analysis. The preliminary search yielded 19 042 articles, and 10 983 were left after the elimination of duplication. Finally, 52 RCTs(48 in Chinese and 4 in English) were included for qualitative analysis. The outcome indicators of RCTs included in this study were classified into seven domains: TCM syndrome, symptom and sign, physical and chemical detection, quality of life, long-term prognosis, economic evaluation, and safety event. The findings demonstrated that headache characteristic index in the symptom and sign domain was the index with the highest reporting frequency and reporting rate. Seventeen RCTs used TCM syndrome score as the outcome indicator. Further analysis revealed that there existed such problems in research design as non-distinction between primary and secondary outcome indicators, great difference in the adopted measurement tools for outcome indicators, and the neglect of measurement time of outcome indicators. Moreover, the syndrome indicators reflecting TCM advantages, objective evaluation indicators, safety and health-economic indicators were lacking. These limitations have affected the quality and reliability of RCTs on TTH treatment with TCM. It is suggested that the efficacy and characteristics of TCM should be combined into current clinical research, and the COS in RCTs regarding TCM treatment of TTH should be established according to internationally recognized standard procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy
9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1774-1777, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of the fracture line direction in the sagittal profile on the Gartland type Ⅲ supracondylar humerus fractures in children.Methods:A total of 153 cases of Gartland type Ⅲ supracondylar humerus fractures treated in the Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University (Qingdao) from January 2017 to April 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.They were categorized into the traditional oblique type (the fracture line went downward in the front and upward in the back), transverse type (the fracture line went horizontally) and reverse oblique type (the fracture line went upward in the front and downward in the back). Gender, age, injury side, cause of injury, ecchymosis before elbow, preoperative neurological symptoms, operation time, incision ratio, and Flynn scores of the elbow joint at the last follow-up were compared among the 3 groups.Results:Patients were followed up for (8.65±2.47) months (6-15 months). There were 60, 64 and 29 patients in the traditional oblique type, transverse type and reserve oblique type groups, respectively.There were no differences in the gender, injury side, and injury causes among the 3 groups (all P>0.05). The age of the traditional oblique type, transverse type and reverse oblique type group were (4.76±2.51) years, (4.71±2.09) years and (6.32±1.98) years, respectively, which was significant different among the 3 groups ( F=5.826, P<0.05). There were 10, 7 and 11 cases of preoperative elbow ecchymosis occurred in children of the traditional oblique type, transverse type and reverse oblique type groups, respectively, which was significant different ( χ2=9.902, P<0.05). No significant differences were found in preoperative neurological symptoms of the 3 groups ( P>0.05). The operative time for the traditional oblique type, transverse type and reverse oblique type group were (43.28±24.25) min, (40.95±27.41) min and (58.66±34.08) min, which was significant different ( F=4.337, P<0.05). The traditional oblique type and transverse type groups had 1 failure case of closed reduction, respectively, and the incision was performed during the operation.There were 4 cases in the reverse oblique type group who underwent the open reduction.The reduction rate was significantly different among 3 groups ( χ2=6.883, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the excellent to good rate of traditional oblique type (96.67%, 58/60 cases), transverse type(95.31%, 61/64 cases)and reserve oblique type (93.10%, 27/29 cases) among 3 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The reverse oblique Gartland type Ⅲ supracondylar humerus fractures are relatively rare in clinical practice, which involves more severe soft tissue damages and more obvious antecubital ecchymosis.The conventional reduction methods seem to be ineffectual for the reverse oblique supracondylar humerus fractures.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 22-29, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of compatibility of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma-Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex couplet medicines on glucolipid metabolism in type 2 diabetic rats before and after salt-processing. Method:The type 2 diabetic rat model was induced by high-fat and high-glucose diet combined with low dose streptozotocin (STZ), the model rats were randomly divided into six groups, including the model group, metformin group (200 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and different compatibility groups of raw and salt-processed of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex (6.48 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). In addition, The same week old rats fed with normal diet were set as the blank group. After 30 d of continuous intragastric administration, changes of fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting serum insulin (FINS), glycosylated serum protein (GSP), hepatic glycogen, blood lipid [total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)], nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA), adipocytokines [adiponectin (ADP) and leptin)], kidney function [blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (CRE)] and other indicators of rats from different groups were detected, and the insulin sensitivity index (ISI) and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) were calculated, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes of pancreas, liver and kidney of rats from different groups. Result:Compared with the model group, compatibility of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma-Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex couplet medicines before and after salt-processing all could decrease the levels of FBG, GSP, TC, TG, LDL-C, NEFA, leptin, BUN, CRE and HOMA-IR, and increase the contents of FINS, HDL-C, ADP, hepatic glycogen and ISI, among which the compatibility of salt-processed Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and salt-processed Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex had the most significant effect on regulating glucolipid metabolism in type 2 diabetic rats. The compatibility of all couplet medicines could improve the histopathological changes of pancreas, liver and kidney in type 2 diabetic rats, among which the compatibility of salt-processed Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and salt-processed Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex had the most prominent effect on repairing pathological damage. Conclusion:The compatibility of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex before and after salt-processing can improve glucolipid metabolism in type 2 diabetic rats, while the comprehensive effect of salt-processed Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and salt-processed Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex<italic> </italic>on lowering glucose and regulating lipid is the best.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1057-1062, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886972

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects of ginkgolide B on the long-chain fatty acid metabolism-related enzyme protein peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors α (PPARα), long-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD), carnitine palmitoyl transterase-1 (CPT-1), and acyl coenzyme A oxidase 1 (ACOX1) expression in the liver of rats with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). All the animal welfare and experimental procedures are in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Yunnan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. After successfully building the rat model of non-alcoholic abnormal liver disease, the rats were divided into the model group, the simvastatin group, and the low-dose, middle-dose, and high-dose groups of ginkgolide B according to random number method, and were given corresponding drug treatment 4 weeks. We detected liver pathological indicators and determined blood lipids, transaminase and anti-oxidation indexes. Western blot and RT-PCR assays were used to detect the protein and mRNA levels of PPARα, LCAD, CPT-1, and ACOX1 in livers. The results showed that: ① the liver histopathology showed that the liver slices of the model group had obvious structural disorder, the nucleus was squeezed, and there were obvious fat vacuoles. The treatment groups improved significantly compared with the model group; ② compared with the normal group, the liver function and blood lipid indexes of the model group increased significantly, while the anti-oxidation indexes decreased significantly. Compared with the model group, each treatment groups were significantly improved; ③ compared with the normal group, the protein and mRNA expression levels of PPARα, ACOX1, CPT-1, and LCAD in the model group were significantly reduced, compared with the model group, those indexes in the treatment groups were significantly up-regulated. This study found that ginkgolide B could regulate the expression of long-chain fatty acid metabolism-related proteins PPARα, ACOX1, CPT-1, and LCAD, meanwhile improve the body's antioxidant capacity, thereby reduce blood lipids, further improve liver function and protect the liver.

12.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 5-9, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the early and middle term clinical effects of mitral valve repair in children with mitral insufficiency.Methods:From January 2012 to January 2019, a total of 202 cases of children with mitral insufficiency treated by mitral valve repair were selected from the department of cardiothoracic surgery of Nanjing Children's Hospital, patients with atrioventricular septal defect, single ventricle and ischemic mitral regurgitation were excluded. Echocardiography was used to compare the preoperative and postoperative left ventricular function and degree of regurgitation in children to evaluate the early and middle term efficacy of mitral valvuloplasty.Results:There were 5 cases of early death(5/202, 2.5%) and 3 cases of late death(3/202, 1.5%). The mean follow-up time was(19.49±17.48) months(1-68 months). Postoperative echocardiography showed that the left heart function and mitral regurgitation were significantly improved.Conclusion:Mitral valvuloplasty can significantly correct mitral insufficiency in children, and it has satisfactory mid-term efficacy and good clinical value.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 360-362, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879444

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation between the curvature of the cervical spine and the degree of cervical disc bulging in young patients with cervical pain.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 539 young patients with neck pain from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 251 males and 288 females, aged 18 to 40 (32.2±6.3) years old. The cervical curvature and cervical disc bulging were measured by cervical X-ray and MRI. According to cervical curvature, the patients were divided into 175 cases of cervical lordosis group (cervical curvature > 7 mm), 163 cases of cervical erection group (0

Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Cervical Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Kyphosis , Lordosis , Neck Pain/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 15-24, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780566

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a genetic and environmental factor-associated metabolic disease that can lead to fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. In recent decades the prevalence of NAFLD has increased, but effective pharmacotherapy is limited. Treatment regimens in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) have made significant contributions to the control of NAFLD, but underlying mechanisms are far less elucidated. Increasing evidence suggests that gut microbiota play a crucial role in the pathogenesis and development of diseases including NAFLD. The outcomes of such research open a new approach in identifying the molecular mechanisms of TCM. Here we review the evidence that gut microbiota might be a target in the treatment NAFLD using TCM.

15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 179-184, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793031

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of fast-twisting long-retaining (FTLR) acupuncture therapy on apoptosis of vestibular nucleus and expression of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax in rats with vertigo induced by posterior circulation ischemia.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 healthy SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a medication group, a regular acupuncture group and a FTLR acupuncture group, 14 rats in each group. The rats in the model group, medication group, regular acupuncture group and FTLR acupuncture group were intervented with surgical ligation of the right common carotid artery (CCA) and the right subclavian artery (SCA) to establish the model of vertigo induced by posterior circulation ischemia; in the sham operation group, the right CCA and the right SCA were separated without ligation. The rats in the medication group were treated with gavage of flunarizine hydrochloride suspension (10 mL/kg). "Baihui" (GV 20), "Shuaigu" (GB 8) and "Fengchi" (GB 20) were selected in the two acupuncture groups. The rats in the regular acupuncture group were treated with routine acupuncture and the needles were retained for 30 min, while the rats in the FTLR acupuncture group were treated with quick twist (200-300 times/min) for 1 min and the needles were retained for 60 min. The rats in the sham operation group and the model group received no intervention. All the intervention was provided once a day for 10 days. The decline rate of local blood flow in vestibular nucleus was observed; the apoptosis of vestibular nucleus was observed by TUNEL method; the expression of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax proteins were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham operation group, the decline rate of local blood flow in the right vestibular nucleus was significantly increased in the model group (<0.01), and the apoptosis index (AI) of vestibular nucleus was significantly increased (<0.01). Compared with the model group, the decline rates of local blood flow in the right vestibular nucleus in the two acupuncture groups and medication group were significantly reduced (<0.01), and the AIs of vestibular nucleus cells were significantly reduced (<0.01). The decline rate of local blood flow in the right vestibular nucleus in the FTLR acupuncture group was lower than those in the medication group and the regular acupuncture group (<0.01, <0.05), and the AI of vestibular nucleus was lower than those in the regular acupuncture group and the medication group (<0.05). Compared with the sham operation group, the expression of Bcl-2 in the vestibular nucleus was significantly decreased in the model group (<0.01), and the expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were significantly increased (<0.01). Compared with the model group, the expressions of Bcl-2 in the vestibular nucleus were significantly increased in the two acupuncture groups and medication group (<0.01), and the expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were significantly reduced (<0.01). The expression of Bcl-2 in the vestibular nucleus in the FTLR acupuncture group was higher than those in the regular acupuncture group and the medication group (<0.05), and the expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were lower than those in the regular acupuncture group and the medication group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The FTLR acupuncture therapy could effectively inhibit the apoptosis of vestibular nucleus in rats with vertigo induced by posterior circulation ischemia, and its mechanism may be related to improving the blood supply of vestibular nucleus and regulating the expressions of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax proteins.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2636-2641, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837505

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects and mechanisms of berberine (BBR) against dexamethasone (Dex)-induced metabolic disorders. 3T3-L1 cells were differentiated by Dex treatment and then treated with BBR (2.5, 5, 10 μmol·L-1). Lipid accumulation was detected using oil-red O staining. After review and approval of the ethics committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, C57BL/6N mice were randomly divided into three groups. In the BBR treatment group, mice were subcutaneously implanted with an osmotic pump containing Dex and gavaged with BBR (100 mg·kg-1·day-1) for 4 weeks. The model control group was implanted with a Dex osmotic pump with no other treatment. Mice given a saline-filled osmotic pump were used as a negative control. During the study, food intake and body weight were measured weekly. Subcutaneous fat and visceral fat was detected by MRI. At the end of the experiment the plasma levels of total cholesterol (CHO), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), glucose (Glu), and muscle mass were measured. The expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and AMP-activated protein kinase α (AMPKα) in 3T3-L1 cells and epididymal fat of C57BL/6N mice was evaluated through RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. The results showed that BBR inhibited Dex-induced adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes by up to 23% in a dose-dependent manner. In C57BL/6N mice, berberine alleviated hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia and reduced visceral fat accumulation induced by Dex. The results from RT-PCR and Western blot analysis showed that BBR reduced PPARγ expression and increased the phosphorylation of AMPKα in 3T3-L1 cells as well as in adipose tissue. Berberine might alleviate Dex-induced metabolic disorder and visceral fat accumulation by modulating PPARγ and AMPK expression.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 245-249, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the effects of metformin on the depressive-like behaviors in rats.@*METHODS@#Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group (CON group), metformin group (MET group), model group (CUMS group), model + metformin group (CUMS + MET group), 10 rats in each group. Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) method was used to establish rat depression model in three weeks. After the model was established successfully, two metformin groups were intraperitoneally injected with metformin (100 mg/kg), while the control group and the model group were injected with the same amount of saline once a day for two weeks. After that, the changes of weight gain, sucrose water preference experiment, forced swimming test, tail suspension immobility test and open field test were detected. The morphological changes of hippocampus were observed by Nissl staining.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the weight gain of rats in CUMS group was significantly slowed down (P<0.05), the sucrose preference rate and the spontaneous activity were significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the immobility time in forced swimming and tail suspension immobility test was significantly prolonged (P<0.05), and the morphological structure of hippocampus was changed, which confirmed the success of CUMS depression model. Compared with CUMS group, metformin treatment had no significant effect on body weight of rats, but it could significantly improve sucrose water intake, immobility time and spontaneous activity of CUMS depression model rats (P<0.05), and improve the abnormal morphological changes of hippocampus in CUMS rats.@*CONCLUSION@#Metformin has a therapeutic benefit against CUMS-induced depression, which provides a new treatment for patients with diabetes mellitus complicated with depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Depression , Drug Therapy , Hippocampus , Metformin , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stress, Psychological
18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 608-615, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905602

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a management program of hand function rehabilitation for adult inpatients after hand burn. Methods:Literatures of clinical practice guideline, evidence summary, systematic review and review were searched from OVID JBI, Cochranel Library, EBSCO, PubMed、EMbase、FEBM, CNKI, Wanfang Data and CBM, and so on. They were screened, evaluated, extracted evidence, found hinder factors following the steps of Knowledge to Action (KTA). Finally, a hand function rehabilitation management program was constructed. Results:Ten literatures were included. The management program included hand function rehabilitation intervention program and implementation procedures. Conclusion:Based on KTA framework, the hand function rehabilitation management program after burn can be used in clinic.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 608-615, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905579

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a management program of hand function rehabilitation for adult inpatients after hand burn. Methods:Literatures of clinical practice guideline, evidence summary, systematic review and review were searched from OVID JBI, Cochranel Library, EBSCO, PubMed、EMbase、FEBM, CNKI, Wanfang Data and CBM, and so on. They were screened, evaluated, extracted evidence, found hinder factors following the steps of Knowledge to Action (KTA). Finally, a hand function rehabilitation management program was constructed. Results:Ten literatures were included. The management program included hand function rehabilitation intervention program and implementation procedures. Conclusion:Based on KTA framework, the hand function rehabilitation management program after burn can be used in clinic.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 73-78, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe effect of ginsenoside Rh2 (GRh2) on the invasion and migration of colon cancer resistant cells HCT116/L-OHP and its specific mechanism. Method:Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the inhibitory effect of different concentrations of GRh2 (0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40 mg·L-1) on HCT116/L-OHP cell proliferation, scratch assay, Transwell assay and adhesion assay were used to detect the effects of GRh2 (0, 2.5, 5, 10 mg·L-1) on cell migration, invasion and adhesion. The protein expression levels of E-cadherin and matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) were examined by Western blot. Result:Compared with control group, GRh2(5, 10, 20, 40 mg·L-1) significantly inhibited the proliferation of HCT116/L-OHP cells in a dose-dependent manner(PP2 group (5, 10 mg·L-1) was significantly decreased (PP2 group was significantly decreased (PP2 group was significantly reduced (PP2 (10, 20, 30 mg·L-1) promoted E-cadherin protein expression (PPPConclusion:GRh2 can significantly inhibit the invasion and migration of HCT116/L-OHP in colon cancer cells, and its potential mechanism may be related to the promotion of E-cadherin and the inhibition of MMP-9 expression in a dose-dependent manner.

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