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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , China , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861009

ABSTRACT

Hyperthyroidism caused by Graves disease is called Graves hyperthyroidism, which is characterized by diffuse thyroid goiter complicated with hypermetabolism at the same time. A variety of ultrasound techniques can provide qualitative and quantitative information of thyroid tissue for diagnosis and treatment of patients with Graves hyperthyroidism, and guide timely clinical diagnosis and individual treatment. The application progresses of thyroid ultrasound in diagnosis and treatment of Graves hyperthyroidism were reviewed in this paper.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and the management on the treatment and follow-up of this disease in Jiangsu Province, China.@*METHODS@#The neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia who were admitted to 13 hospitals in Jiangsu Province from January to December, 2018, were enrolled as subjects. A retrospective analysis was performed on their mediacal data and follow-up data.@*RESULTS@#In 2018, 740 neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia were reported from the 13 hospitals in Jiangsu Province, accounting for 2.70% (740/27 386) of the total number of neonates admitted to the department of neonatology. Among these neonates, 620 (83.8%) had severe hyperbilirubinemia, 106 (14.3%) had extremely severe hyperbilirubinemia, and 14 (1.9%) had hazardous hyperbilirubinemia. Four neonates (0.5%) were diagnosed with acute bilirubin encephalopathy. A total of 484 neonates (65.4%) were readmitted due to severe hyperbilirubinemia after discharge from the delivery institution, with a median age of 7 days, among whom 214 (44.2%) were followed up for jaundice at the outpatient service before readmission, with a median age of 6 days at the first time of outpatient examination. During hospitalization, 211 neonates (28.5%) underwent cranial MRI examinations, among whom 85 (40.3%) had high T1WI signal in the bilateral basal ganglia and the globus pallidus; 238 neonates (32.2%) underwent brainstem auditory evoked potential examinations, among whom 14 (5.9%) passed only at one side and 7 (2.9%) failed at both sides. The 17 neonates with acute bilirubin encephalopathy or hazardous hyperbilirubinemia were followed up. Except one neonate was lost to follow-up, and there were no abnormal neurological symptoms in the other neonates.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia account for a relatively high proportion of the total number of neonates in the department of neonatology. Jaundice monitoring and management after discharge from delivery institutions need to be strengthened. For neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia, relevant examinations should be carried out more comprehensively during hospitalization and these neonates should be followed up comprehensively and systematically after discharge.


Subject(s)
Bilirubin , China , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal , Infant, Newborn , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878816

ABSTRACT

It is crucial to establish a complete set of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) quality traceability management process system, in order to stabilize the pricing order of TCM market and reconstruct the transmission path of TCM quality signals. In this study, we reviewed the mature experience of food and drug supervision at home and abroad, analyzed the quality characteristics of TCM, and put forward that the quality control of TCM products can learn from the hazard analysis and critical control point(HACCP) system in food safety quality control. This study points out that the HACCP system provides not only technical guidance for the traceability management of TCM, but also ideas for improving the quality of TCM products and the safety risk control of TCM. The application of the HACCP system in TCM quality control can help establish an international dialogue platform for TCM and help realize the modernization and internationalization of TCM industry.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861514

ABSTRACT

Hemophilia is a recessive hereditary hemorrhagic disease linked with sex chromosomes. The main clinical manifestations of hemophilia are repeated bleeding of muscles and joints. Hemophilia muscular diseases can cause acute compartment syndrome, pseudotumor formation, muscular atrophy and ossifying myositis. Ultrasonography has advantages of real-time, noninvasive, simple, quick, strong repeatability and high resolution, which has been widely used in diagnosis of hemophilia muscular diseases. The application progresses of ultrasound in diagnosis of hemophilia muscular diseases were reviewed in this article.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744574

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of aquatic treadmill training on walking function in stroke patients.Methods From July, 2015 to October, 2017, 33 patients with cerebral infarction were randomly divided into control group (n = 16) and treatment group (n = 17).The control group accepted routine water exercise, while the treatment group accepted aquatic treadmill training in addition, for six weeks. They were assessed with Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), 2 Minute Walk Test (2MWT) and gait analysis before and after six weeks of treatment.Results All the indexes improved in both groups after treatment (t> 2.536, P < 0.05), and the performance of BBS, TUG, 2 MWT, and gait analysis indexes of length, speed and width of steps improved more in the treatment group than in the control group (t> 2.057, P < 0.05). The incidence of improvement was more in in the treatment group than in the control group (χ2= 33, P < 0.001) Conclusion Aquatic treadmill training can improve the walking function for stroke patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905123

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of action observation training based on mirror neuron system on motor function of upper extremities in stroke patients. Methods:From June, 2016 to June, 2017, 61 stroke patients were randomly assigned to control group (n = 30) and observation group (n = 31). They all accepted routine rehabilitation, and the observation group received action observation therapy in addition, for eight weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities, modified Ashworth Scale and modified Barthel Index before and after treatment. Results:All the indexes improved in both groups after treatment (|t| > 2.651, P < 0.05), and improved more in the observation group than in the control group (|t| > 2.048, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The action observation training may further improve the upper extremity motor function in stroke patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849802

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) for liver fibrosis of patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Methods: Four hundred and seventy patients with NASH selected from January 2006 to April 2018 were enrolled in the study, and LSM was performed within 3 days before liver biopsy. Clinical parameters and the pathological features were analyzed retrospectively. Non-invasive models (APRI and FIB-4) were calculated based on their own formula. The correlations between these 3 non-invasive approaches and liver fibrosis stages were analyzed with Spearman method, the diagnostic performances were analyzed with receiver operating characteristic (ROC). Results: Of the 470 NASH patients, 346 were male (73.6%). The degree of hepatic fibrosis was detected by liver puncture. The number of patients with S0, S1, S2, S3, S4 were 73, 253, 96, 40, 8 cases respectively. The median value of LSM in each group was 5.4, 6.5, 8.6, 10.7, 22.9 kPa, respectively. Spearman analysis showed that LSM and APRI were positively correlated with the stages of liver fibrosis, and the correlation coefficients were 0.626 and 0.342(P<0.001). ROC analysis showed that the value of LSM for different fibrosis stages was significantly higher than APRI. The AUROC of hepatic fibrosis S1, S2, S3 and S4 in LSM was 0.784, 0.857, 0.953 and 0.986 respectively. The corresponding optimal diagnostic cut-off values were 5.6, 7.7, 8.8 and 12.3 kPa, respectively. Conclusion: The value of LSM is positively correlated with hepatic fibrosis stage of NASH and LSM is a useful reference index for diagnosing the stage of hepatic fibrosis in NASH.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778310

ABSTRACT

Lemuel Shattuck (1793-1859) was a famous American public health reformer, historian and statistician in the mid-19th century. He introduced statistics into the American system of vital statistics registration and promoted the modernization of the United States demographics. In 1850, he submitted Report of a General Plan for the Promoting of Public and Personal Health to the Sanitary Commission of Massachusetts, which built a blueprint for the future development of the American public health system and laid the foundation for the widespread development of the public health movement in the late 19th century. Shattuck is not only a pioneer in the modern American census, but also a leader in public health in the United States.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773251

ABSTRACT

Curcumin( Cur) is a natural active substance extracted from the roots or tubers of traditional Chinese medicinal materials. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities on brain diseases. Due to the poor stability,low solubility,poor absorption and low bioavailability of curcumin,N-acetyl-L-cysteine( NAC) was used as an absorption enhancer and mixed with curcumin to improve the absorption of curcumin in the body. In this paper,curcumin was smashed by airflow pulverization,and Cur-NAC mixtures were prepared by being grinded with liquid. Then,the raw material and the product were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry( DSC),X-ray diffraction( XRD) for structural characterization. The dissolution was determined by high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC) analysis. The characteristic peaks of the samples prepared by grinding method were similar to those of the raw materials,while the melting temperature and the accumulated dissolution degree were not significantly changed. The crystal forms of the products were not changed,and no new crystal form was formed after grinding. After the administration of intranasal powder,blood samples were collected from the orbit,while the whole brain tissues were removed from the skull and dissected into 10 anatomical regions. The concentrations of curcumin in these samples were determined by UPLC-MS/MS. The concentrations of curcumin in plasma and brain were compared at different time points. After intranasal administration of two drugs,it was found that the concentration of curcumin after sniffing up the mixtures in plasma was high,and the concentration of the drug in the olfactory bulb,hippocampus,and pons was increased significantly. Within 0. 083-0. 5 h,the olfactory bulb,piriform lobe and hippocampus remained high concentrations,the endodermis,striatum,hypothalamus and midbrain reached high concentrations within 1-3 h; and the cerebellum,pons and brain extension maintained relatively high concentrations within 3-7 h. The experiment showed that nasal administration of Cur-NAC mixtures can significantly improve the bioavailability of curcumin,and lead to significant differences in brain tissue distribution.


Subject(s)
Acetylcysteine , Pharmacology , Administration, Intranasal , Animals , Biological Availability , Brain , Brain Chemistry , Chromatography, Liquid , Curcumin , Pharmacokinetics , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tissue Distribution
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695760

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of plasma soluble CD163 (sCD163) levels in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods A total of 124 individuals,83 patients with ARDS,20 patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE),and 21 healthy controls,were enrolled in this study.ARDS patients were classified into survivors and nonsurvivors according to 28-day mortality.The concentration of plasma sCD163 was measured by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were employed to evaluate the accuracy of sCD163 in diagnosing ARDS and predicting 28-day ICU outcome.Cumulative survival curve was carried out by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.Logistic regression analysis was assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis to identify independent predictors of outcome controlling for reported risk factor of mortality.Results Patients with ARDS had significantly higher median levels of sCD163 compared to patients with CPE [496.7(421.8-577.5) ng/mL vs.284.5(141.7-459.2) ng/mL,P<0.001] upon admission to ICU.The sCD163 levels of non-survivors was significantly higher than that of survivors [577.5 (503.7-623.4) ng/mL vs.479.6 (395.4-520.8) ng/mL,P<0.001].Multivariate logistic regression showed sCD163 (OR =1.02,P =0.001)was the independent predictor for 28-day mortality in patients with ARDS.Conclusions Plasma sCD163 is a potential biomarker for diagnosis of ARDS and differenting the severity of ARDS.Meanwhile,sCD163 was an independent prognostic marker for 28-day mortality in ARDS patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687253

ABSTRACT

To investigate the feasibility of vapor permeation membrane technology in separating essential oil from oil-water extract by taking the Forsythia suspensa as an example. The polydimethylsiloxane/polyvinylidene fluoride (PDMS/PVDF) composite flat membrane and a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) flat membrane was collected as the membrane material respectively. Two kinds of membrane osmotic liquids were collected by self-made vapor permeation device. The yield of essential oil separated and enriched from two kinds of membrane materials was calculated, and the microscopic changes of membrane materials were analyzed and compared. Meanwhile, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to compare and analyze the differences in chemical compositions of essential oil between traditional steam distillation, PVDF membrane enriched method and PDMS/PVDF membrane enriched method. The results showed that the yield of essential oil enriched by PVDF membrane was significantly higher than that of PDMS/PVDF membrane, and the GC-MS spectrum showed that the content of main compositions was higher than that of PDMS/PVDF membrane; The GC-MS spectra showed that the components of essential oil enriched by PVDF membrane were basically the same as those obtained by traditional steam distillation. The above results showed that vapor permeation membrane separation technology shall be feasible for the separation of Forsythia essential oil-bearing water body, and PVDF membrane was more suitable for separation and enrichment of Forsythia essential oil than PDMS/PVDF membrane.

13.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 32-36, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate guidance levels of radionuclide for food and drinking water.Methods: According to the relevant standards and technical documents issued by international organizations, the computing methods of guidance levels of radionuclide for food and drinking water under the existing exposure situation and emergency exposure situation were analyzed and researched.Results: The calculated guidance levels of 17 radionuclides in drinking water and 20 radionuclides in food in existing exposure situation were provided, and the guidance levels of 24 radionuclides in food and drinking water in emergency exposure situation also were proposed. It was found that the relevant standards in China were lag and the standard of guidance levels of radionuclides activity concentrations for drinking water were deficient.Conclusion: It is suggested that the standards of guidance levels of radionuclide for food and drinking water in China should be formulated or revised by referring to international standard that issued from international organization and taking into account the specific conditions in China so as to preferably protect public health of our country.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852009

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the oral toxicity of Shufeng Jiedu Capsule (SFJD) in SD rats during peri-weaning period, and provide reference for the clinical application of SFJD in infants. Methods Ten-day-old healthy SD rats were exposed to 0 and 4 g/kg of SFJD once per day for 14 d via intra-gastric administration. Mortality, general physical signs, body weights, spontaneous motor activity, learning and memory functions, hematology (with T and B lymphocyte subgroups included), serum chemistry, serum testosterone, insulin-like growth factor, organ weights, as well as gross pathological findings were evaluated between the control and exposure group. Physical development indicators such as pinna unfolding, coat growth, incisor eruption, and eyes opening time, were also recorded. The body length and tail length of rats under anesthesia were detected. Results After SFJD administration, loose stools and orange colored urine were found in rats, and the color of the urine was related to the color of drugs. The body weight growth rates were decreased compared with the control group. Urine specific gravity was increased in rats. RBC and Ret concentrations were decreased in two of the 16 tested animals. Liver, spleen, and kidney ratios to body and brain weight were increased in rats; The weight of spleen was also increased compared with the control group. Conclusion It was well tolerated to peri-weaning rats after the ig administration of 4 g/kg SFJD. The concerns of diarrhea, mild body weight growth rate, as well as RBC and Ret decrease should be noted for long term and high dose usage in infants and toddlers.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666663

ABSTRACT

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become one of the powerful technique since its invention in 1980s. Nevertheless, PCR technique is still frequently impaired by its low specificity, poor sensitivity, false positive results, etc. Recently, nanomaterials including metal nanoparticles, carbon nanomaterials, quantum dots and nano metal oxide have been added into PCR solution to improve both quality and productivity of PCR. The nanoparticles assisted PCR ( NanoPCR) has received considerable attentions due to its unprecedented sensitivity, selectivity and efficiency. In this view, the mainly used nanoparticles in NanoPCR, including gold nanoparticles, quantum dots, carbon nanomaterials, graphene and metallic oxide, was firstly summarized. And then, the possible mechanisms for highly improved sensitivity and selectivity were discussed. Finally, recent applications of NanoPCR were described.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661739

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in the treatment of severe aortic stenosis (AS) with VENUS-A valve. Methods Retrospectively collected and analyzed the baseline characteristics,preoperative assessment, surgery details,early and mid-term clinical outcome of 10 patients who underwent TAVI. Results From April 2016 to April 2017,10 patients with severe AS were treated with TAVI at the Guangdong General Hospital. The median age was 75 (65,81)years old and 5(5/10)were males. The median Society of Thoracic Surgery score was 5% (2%,11%). TAVI was successful in 10 patients (10/10),and percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in two cases (2/10) at the same time. The median operation time was 190 (150,225) minutes,the ICU monitoring time was 113 (49, 231) hours,and the hospital stay was 12 (6,25) days. After the procedure,the mean aortic-valve gradient reduced to 10(6,21)mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). There was minimal or mild marginal periprosthetic leak in five patients(5/10)and moderate leak in one patient(1/10). During the 30 days of follow up,one patient(1/10)die due to perioperative myocardial infarction and ventricular fibrillation. One patient(1/10)was implanted with a permanent pacemaker for severe arrhythmia. Two patients(2/10)occurred vascular complications. The median follow-up was 3(1,15)months. One patient had syncope at 6 months post operation with R-R interval up to 7 seconds and he was implanted with a permanent pacemaker. There was no death,stroke,surgical surgery intervention and rehospitallization due to heart failure during the follow up. Conclusions It is feasible,safe and effective to use VENUS-A valve for TAVI treatment in serve AS.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658820

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in the treatment of severe aortic stenosis (AS) with VENUS-A valve. Methods Retrospectively collected and analyzed the baseline characteristics,preoperative assessment, surgery details,early and mid-term clinical outcome of 10 patients who underwent TAVI. Results From April 2016 to April 2017,10 patients with severe AS were treated with TAVI at the Guangdong General Hospital. The median age was 75 (65,81)years old and 5(5/10)were males. The median Society of Thoracic Surgery score was 5% (2%,11%). TAVI was successful in 10 patients (10/10),and percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in two cases (2/10) at the same time. The median operation time was 190 (150,225) minutes,the ICU monitoring time was 113 (49, 231) hours,and the hospital stay was 12 (6,25) days. After the procedure,the mean aortic-valve gradient reduced to 10(6,21)mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). There was minimal or mild marginal periprosthetic leak in five patients(5/10)and moderate leak in one patient(1/10). During the 30 days of follow up,one patient(1/10)die due to perioperative myocardial infarction and ventricular fibrillation. One patient(1/10)was implanted with a permanent pacemaker for severe arrhythmia. Two patients(2/10)occurred vascular complications. The median follow-up was 3(1,15)months. One patient had syncope at 6 months post operation with R-R interval up to 7 seconds and he was implanted with a permanent pacemaker. There was no death,stroke,surgical surgery intervention and rehospitallization due to heart failure during the follow up. Conclusions It is feasible,safe and effective to use VENUS-A valve for TAVI treatment in serve AS.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505941

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce a self-developed computer-assisted design/rapid prototyping and guidance system used for precise placement of the acetabular component in total hip arthroplasty.Methods We collected the preoperative pelvic CT scanning data of 10 hips with aeetabular dysplasia that had undergone primary total hip arthroplasty from January 2016 to January 2017.The total time for import of radiographic images,model reconstruction,model segmentation,acetabular component position design and STL model export was calculated and compared between our self-designed software and Mimics vl 7.0.Three kinds of STL model from each case were imported into our self-developed 3D printing device,Stratasys Objet30 and Stratasys Demension SST1200es respectively for rapid prototyping.The printing efficiency and accuracy were compared among the 3 printers.The accuracy of placing acetabular component with guidance system was evaluated.Results The average time forpreoperative planningwas7.7±1.3 minbyourself-designedsoftware and 52.5 ± 15.9 min by Mimics v17.0,showing a significant difference (P < 0.001).In morphological point-based comparison for each case,the 3D models exported by the 2 different kinds of software showed an average difference of 0.072 1 ± 0.069 1 mm.The average durations for rapid prototyping by the 3 different printers were 5.3 ± 0.6 h,10.8 ± 0.5 h,and 9.3 ± 0.6 h,respectively,showing significant differences (P < 0.001).The guidance system resulted in precise placement.The locations of the acetabular component achieved by guide-assisted placement were not significantly different from the target ones (P > 0.05).Conelusion Our self-developed preoperative planning software,rapid prototyping device and guidance apparatus for acetabular component placement may lead to good accuracy and high efficiency.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807975

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the hepatobiliary injury difference of newborn BALB/c mice infected by different titers of rhesus rotavirus(RRV).@*Methods@#Neonatal mice(n=80) were randomly separated into 4 groups and were intraperitoneally inoculated with different titers of rotavirus: High titer group(1×107 PFU/ml); Medium titer group(1×106 PFU/ml); Low titer group(2.5×105 PFU/ml); Control group (only culture medium) within the first 24 hours after birth. All mice were sacrificed at day 12 after RRV inoculation then the liver and blood samples were collected. Meanwhile, mice were observed daily for at least 12 days, including their weight, skin color and survival situation. Liver functions were examined by serum biochemical test and morphologic changes in the biliary tract were observed. Tissue sections underwent H&E staining and immunohistochemically analysis for the presence of CK19.@*Results@#Compared with the normal mice, the mice in the experimental group had different degrees of skin jaundice, weight lost, survival rate decreased, liver function damage. In the experimental group, the symptom of low titer group was light, and could be restored to normal, however, when compared with the low titer group, the mice in the high titer group were serious, their skin jaundice was more obvious, weight was significantly reduced and irreversible, survival rate was lower(50%), liver function of TBIL, DBIL, TBA, ALT, ALP were significantly increased.Further analysis showed that the high titer group had high bile duct obstruction rate (80%), with no case of obstruction in the low titer group. Histologic analysis also showed intrahepatic bile duct atresia in the high titer group, a large number of inflammatory cell infiltrated around the portal area, while the morphology of intrahepatic bile duct was almost normal and just a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltrated around the portal area in the low titer group.@*Conclusions@#Different titers of rotavirus had different effects on the newborn mice hepatobiliary system: high titer was easy to cause biliary atresia, and low titer caused hepatitis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335763

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the adsorption characteristics of proteins on the membrane surface and the effect of protein solution environment on the permeation behavior of berberine, berberine and proteins were used as the research object to prepare simulated solution. Low field NMR, static adsorption experiment and membrane separation experiment were used to study the interaction between the proteins and ceramic membrane or between the proteins and berberine. The static adsorption capacity of proteins, membrane relative flux, rejection rate of proteins, transmittance rate of berberine and the adsorption rate of proteins and berberine were used as the evaluation index. Meanwhile, the membrane resistance distribution, the particle size distribution and the scanning electron microscope (SEM) were determined to investigate the adsorption characteristics of proteins on ceramic membrane and the effect on membrane separation process of berberine. The results showed that the ceramic membrane could adsorb the proteins and the adsorption model was consistent with Langmuir adsorption model. In simulating the membrane separation process, proteins were the main factor to cause membrane fouling. However, when the concentration of proteins was 1 g•L⁻¹, the proteins had no significant effect on membrane separation process of berberine.

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