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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 364-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922921

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to study the effect of small molecule compound piceatannol (PIC) on host inflammation in adenine induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) mice, and then to explore its mechanism based on the regulation of gut microbiota. All procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); UPLC-TQ/MS technology was used to monitor the level of proinflammatory uremic toxin indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS); the expression of occludin was tested by Western blot; in vitro anaerobic culture of gut bacteria was used to produce indole; the abundance of gut microbiota was evaluated by 16S rDNA sequencing. The results showed that PIC had no effect on inflammatory infiltration in kidney tissue of CKD mice, but could decrease IL-6 level in blood and IL-6/TNF-α level in colon tissue. PIC did not improve intestinal occludin protein expression in CKD mice; while it could significantly reduce the levels of IS and PCS in blood and liver of CKD mice. Further mechanism studies showed that PIC could inhibit the synthesis of IS precursor indole in gut bacteria. Moreover, PIC could decrease the abundance of gut bacteria which producing uremic toxin, such as reducing the abundance of indole and p-cresol producing gut bacteria. In conclusion, PIC could regulate gut microbiota and inhibit the synthesis of uremic toxin precursor, thereafter reducing the accumulation of IS and PCS in vivo, ultimately relieving the inflammation of CKD mice.

2.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 512-522, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889571

ABSTRACT

Study DesignRetrospective cohort study.PurposeThis study aims to analyze the relationship between body mass index (BMI) subjective patient-reported outcomes (PRO) after 1- and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF).Overview of LiteratureThe prevalence of cervical spondylosis and ACDF in expected to continue rising among the aging population of Asia. Moreover, the prevalence of obesity is also increasing. However, limited information is available about the mechanism by which BMI affects PRO after ACDF.MethodsTotal 878 patients underwent ACDF between 2000 and 2015. After excluding patients with previous cervical instrumentation, >2 levels fused, missing BMI measurement, or neoplastic/trauma indication for surgery, 535 patients were included. The PRO measures of the Neck Disability Index, Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) for Neck Pain, NPRS for Limb Pain, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons–Neurogenic Symptom Score, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association myelopathy score were used. Patients were grouped based on their preoperative BMI, as per the World Health Organization guidelines for Asian populations. PRO scores were collected preoperatively, at 6 months postoperatively, and 2 years postoperatively. A generalized linear model was used to analyze the relationship of BMI category with the individual score, accounting for several factors that are likely to affect the outcomes.ResultsTotal 19 (3.4%) were underweight, 155 (28.0%) were normal weight, 112 (20.3%) were overweight, and 267 (48.3%) were obese. Patients across all BMI categories experienced significant and similar improvements in their postoperative PRO scores. There were no significant differences in the preoperative, 6-month postoperative, and 2-year postoperative PRO scores of the groups. Rate of reoperation was highest in patients with grade II obesity at 8.07%; however, the difference was not statistically significant.Conclusions Irrespective of the BMI, all patients exhibited similar satisfactory outcomes following ACDF. The results support surgery in all subgroups of patients with symptomatic nerve compression in the cervical spine.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888144

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Clausena excavata were isolated and purified by column chromatography with silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and RP-HPLC. The chemical structures of the isolated compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, spectroscopic analysis, as well as the comparisons with the data reported in literature. Nineteen compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of C. excavata, which were identified as methyl orsellinate(1), syringaresinol(2), lenisin A(3), scopoletin(4), osthenol(5), N-benzoyltyrarnine methyl ether(6), N-p-coumaroyltyramine(7), aurantiamide acetate(8), 1H-indole-3-carboxaldehyde(9), furostifoline(10), clausenalansine E(11), 3-formylcarbazole(12), clausine L(13), clausine E(14), methyl carbazole-3-carboxylate(15), glycosinin(16), murrayafoline A(17), clausine H(18) and 2,7-dihydroxy-3-formyl-1-(3'-methyl-2'-butenyl)carbazole(19). Among these isolated compounds, compounds 1-11 were isolated from C. excavata for the first time, and compounds 1, 2 and 10 were isolated from the genus Clausena for the first time. In addition, this study evaluated the anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities of compounds 1-19 by measuring their anti-proliferative effects on synoviocytes in vitro according to MTS method. Compounds 10-19 displayed remarkable anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities, which exhibited the inhibitory effects on the proliferation of MH7 A synovial fibroblast cells with the IC_(50) values ranging from(27.63±0.18) to(235.67±2.16) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Chromatography, Reverse-Phase , Clausena , Plant Leaves , Synoviocytes
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1049-1056, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886970

ABSTRACT

Insulin resistance refers to the impaired ability of insulin to regulate glucose metabolism in peripheral organs, which is considered to be the etiology of type 2 diabetes. This study aims to explore the mechanism of improving insulin resistance by compatibility of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos (DH). Insulin resistance was conducted on C56BL/6J mice by treatment of high fat diet. The energy intake and body weight, plasma levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, insulin and glucose, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT), as well as gene transcription and protein expression levels of insulin signaling pathway in liver, heart, kidney, and skeletal muscle of insulin resistance mice were evaluated. Animal experiments and welfare were performed in compliance with the guidelines of Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The results showed that DH treatment significantly alleviated the excessive food intake and weight gain, and significantly decreased the levels of plasma triglycerides and total cholesterol, and constantly mitigated the hyperinsulinemia in insulin resistance mice. The results of OGTT and ITT suggested that DH treatment dramatically improved the response of insulin resistance mice to insulin stimulated glucose metabolism. Furthermore, the imbalance of metabolic arm and mitogenic arm of insulin signaling pathway in insulin resistance mice was normalized after DH treatment. DH treatment regulated insulin signaling pathway and improved the ability of glucose metabolism of insulin resistance mice.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1035-1048, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886969

ABSTRACT

To study the regulating effect of total phenolic acids from the stems and leaves of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. on the intestinal flora and short-chain fatty acids in spontaneous type 2 diabetic nephropathy mice, db/db mice were taken as the research object, and were treated with the total phenolic acid of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. Animal welfare and experimental procedures followed the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine Drug Safety Evaluation Research Center. Fresh feces and cecal contents of mice were collected for analysis of intestinal flora composition and differential flora. Gas chromatography was used to detect short-chain fatty acids in fresh feces and cecal content. Then the correlation analysis of the two results was made. Compared with the normal group, the most significant decreased differential flora in the model group were g_Rikenellaceae_ RC9_gut_group and g_Bacteroidales_S24-7_group, while the most significant increased were g_unclassified_f__ Coriobacteriaceae and g_unclassified_p__Firmicutes. Compared with the blank group, the contents of isovaleric acid and valeric acid in fresh feces and the contents of 6 short-chain fatty acids in the cecal contents of the model group were significantly reduced (P < 0.01). After drug intervention, the intestinal flora disorder and the reduction of short-chain fatty acids were improved to varying degrees, and the effect of the total phenolic acids from the stems and leaves of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. was slightly better than that from the roots in regulating some flora and short-chain fatty acids. The results of correlation analysis showed that g_Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group was moderately positively correlated with acetic acid and isobutyric acid in the cecal contents (r > 0.4). It is suggested that the total phenolic acid from the stems and leaves of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. can improve the intestinal flora disorder of mice with type 2 diabetic nephropathy, and can regulate the content of short-chain fatty acids in the intestine via adjusting the content of some short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria, thereby helping to restore normal.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 895-905, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886968

ABSTRACT

Hepatic encephalopathy is a common metabolic neuropsychiatric syndrome in the development of end-stage liver disease. Since the concept of intestinal-liver-brain axis was proposed, the relationship between the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy and the gut microbiota has been a hot research topic. In recent years, studies have confirmed that gut microbiota is involved in and affects various pathological processes of hepatic encephalopathy. This article combines the latest research progress at home and abroad to elaborate on the research status of regulating gut microbiota and thus interfering with the pathological process of hepatic encephalopathy, hoping to provide new ideas and methods for the intervention of hepatic encephalopathy based on the regulation of gut microbiota.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of remimazolam-propofol-sufentanil for anesthesia in patients undergoing painless gastroscopy.Methods:Eighty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠor Ⅱ patients, aged 20-59 yr, weighing 44-69 kg, scheduled for elective painless gastroscopy, were divided into 2 groups ( n=40 each) using a random number table method: remimazolam-propofol-sufentanil group (group RPS) and propofol-sufentanil group (group PS). The patients in group RPS received successive intravenous injection of sufentanil 0.1 μg/kg, remimazolam 0.15 mg/kg and propofol (at a rate of 4 mg/s). The patients in group PS received intravenous injection of sufentanil 0.1 μg/kg and propofol (at a rate of 4 mg/s). When Observer′ s Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale score was 0, gastroscopy was performed.The consumption of propofol, time of anesthesia, time for gastroscopy, emergence time and discharge time were recorded.The number of intraoperative assisted respiration cases, body movement and occurrence of adverse reactions at the time of discharge were observed. Results:Compared with group PS, the consumption of propofol was significantly decreased, and the time of anesthesia, emergence time and discharge time were shortened in group RPS ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the time for gastroscopy, the number of intraoperative assisted respiration cases, body movement and the occurrence of adverse reactions at discharge time between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Remimazolam-propofol-sufentanil produces better efficacy for anesthesia than propofol-sufentanil in patients undergoing painless gastroscopy.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880568

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether blood-brain barrier (BBB) served a key role in the edema-relief effect of bloodletting puncture at hand twelve Jing-well points (HTWP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the potential molecular signaling pathways.@*METHODS@#Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the sham-operated (sham), TBI, and bloodletting puncture (bloodletting) groups (n=24 per group) using a randomized number table. The TBI model rats were induced by cortical contusion and then bloodletting puncture were performed at HTWP twice a day for 2 days. The neurological function and cerebral edema were evaluated by modified neurological severity score (mNSS), cerebral water content, magnetic resonance imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining. Cerebral blood flow was measured by laser speckles. The protein levels of aquaporin 4 (AQP4), matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP9) and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway (MAPK) signaling were detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with TBI group, bloodletting puncture improved neurological function at 24 and 48 h, alleviated cerebral edema at 48 h, and reduced the permeability of BBB induced by TBI (all P<0.05). The AQP4 and MMP9 which would disrupt the integrity of BBB were downregulated by bloodletting puncture (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In addition, the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 signaling pathways were inhibited by bloodletting puncture (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bloodletting puncture at HTWP might play a significant role in protecting BBB through regulating the expressions of MMP9 and AQP4 as well as corresponding regulatory upstream ERK and p38 signaling pathways. Therefore, bloodletting puncture at HTWP may be a promising therapeutic strategy for TBI-induced cerebral edema.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878991

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the effect of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, its stems and leaves on the diversity of intestinal microflora in rats with diabetic kidney injury. Diabetic rats model was established by feeding high glucose and high fat diet and 5% glucose solution with intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg·kg~(-1) streptozocin(STZ). The rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, irbesartan control group, Huangkui Capsules control group, as well as low, middle and high dose groups of Sal-viae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, its stems and leaves. After administration for 2 weeks, 16 S rRNA technique was used to analyze the diversity of intestinal microflora in the feces of each group. The results showed rats in the model group developed renal tubular epithelial vacuole degeneration and a large amount of inflammatory cell infiltration in the renal interstitium. A small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration was seen in each administration group. The kidney structure of rats in irbesartan group, Huangkui Capsules group, high-dose group of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and its stem water extract, as well as high dose group of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and its stem ethnol extract group was close to the normal group. The diversity and structure of intestinal flora in the model group were significantly different from those in the normal group. Each administration group improved the fecal flora diversity in rats with diabetic kidney injury to a certain extent, especially the high dose of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and its stems water extract. Different flora were found in feces of diabetic nephropathy model rats on class, order, family and genus levels. On families and genera levels, the relative abundance of Bifidobacterium, Turicibacter, Peptostreptococcaceae, Desulfovibrio, and SMB53 showed an upward trend in model group, but that of Lactobacillus, Clostridium, Rikenella, Rumen fungi showed a downward trend. The administration groups can improve the relative abundance of the above intestinal flora in the model rats to a normal-like level. The results of this study provide a reference for resource utilization and further development of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Rats , Salvia miltiorrhiza
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of less invasive surfactant administration(LISA) of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome(NRDS).Methods:From July 2017 to December 2018, 50 premature infants with birth weight ≤1 500 g and/or gestational age≤32 weeks diagnosed as NRDS at the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital were randomly divided into LISA group( n=25)and INSURE group( n=25). The patients in LISA group was inserted fine duct into the trachea through direct laryngoscope under nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) and pulmonary surfactant was injected.The INSURE group adopts endotracheal intubation-pulmonary surfactant-nCPAP was performed after unplugging.The changes of vital signs, blood gas indexes, adverse reactions and the incidence of complications were compared between two groups at different time points. Results:There was no significant difference in respiration, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and PaO 2, PaCO 2, BE, SpO 2 between two groups at different administration time points.Although the pH value of LISA group was lower than that of INSURE group, it was within the normal range.There was no significant difference in bronchopulmonary dysplasia, intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leucomalacia and other complications between two groups, and there was no death, air leakage, retinopathy of prematurity and pulmonary hemorrhage in both two groups.In addition, there was no significant difference in hospitalization days, total medical expenses, oxygen use time between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusion:Compared with INSURE technology, LISA technology has its feasibility for premature infants with NRDS, but the effectiveness and safety in the practical application need to be further confirmed.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 266-273, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872628

ABSTRACT

Xianling Gubao is a common and effective medicine in the treatment of orthopedic diseases. In recent years, it has been reported to be associated with liver injury. However, through the analysis of the adverse drug reaction reports and key hospital cases, we found that there is considerable incomplete information in the reports of Xianling Gubao-related liver injury cases retrieved from the literature. Thus, it is difficult to accurately judge causality between the drug and liver injury. Six cases of liver injury related to Xianling Gubao were identified in key hospitals, two of which achieved the clinical diagnosis according to the assessment of the integrated evidence chain method. We further analyzed the public health data of all residents in Yinzhou. The gross incidence rate of Xianling Gubao-related liver injury was 0.034%, which corresponds to a level of rare incidence. This revealed that Xianling Gubao-related liver injury has significant divergence in individuals and an idiosyncratic nature. The gross incidence of liver injury related to Xianling Gubao was lower than that of other medicines for the treatment of orthopedic diseases. Based on the idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury model mediated by immune stress, it was found that Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus were the major components that lead to liver injury, and the liver injury caused by a full prescription was less serious than that encountered with only Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus. This suggests that the other 4 herbs (Dipsaci Radix, Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix,Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma) can prevent/alleviate the liver injury. Through disassembled prescription analysis, we found that the attenuation efficacy of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was the most significant. In conclusion, Xianling Gubao may cause idiosyncratic liver injury in a tiny minority of susceptible individuals, but the incidence risk is lower than that of other commonly used drugs for orthopedic disease. Xianling Gubao should be discreetly applied to patients with immune stress. The major components that induced liver injury in Xianling Gubao were Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma appears to attenuate this toxicity. This study provides a reference for the rational clinical medication with Xianling Gubao.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 37-49, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872614

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious chronic disease with high incidence, poor prognosis, and a variety of complications. Indoxyl-sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS) are two typical gut-derived uremic toxins, which are produced by the co-metabolism of intestinal microbes and the host. With the progression of CKD, gut-derived uremic toxins such as IS and PCS accumulate in patients with CKD and thereafter accelerate the progression of CKD. Gut microbiota is closely related with CKD, and targeting gut microbiota to regulate gut-derived uremic toxins synthesis and metabolic pathways may be a promising strategy to delay the progression of CKD. In this paper, the relationship between gut microbiota, gut-derived uremic toxins, and CKD was analyzed, and the strategy to delay the progression of CKD by targeting gut microbiota and uremic toxins metabolism pathway was proposed.

13.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 512-522, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897275

ABSTRACT

Study DesignRetrospective cohort study.PurposeThis study aims to analyze the relationship between body mass index (BMI) subjective patient-reported outcomes (PRO) after 1- and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF).Overview of LiteratureThe prevalence of cervical spondylosis and ACDF in expected to continue rising among the aging population of Asia. Moreover, the prevalence of obesity is also increasing. However, limited information is available about the mechanism by which BMI affects PRO after ACDF.MethodsTotal 878 patients underwent ACDF between 2000 and 2015. After excluding patients with previous cervical instrumentation, >2 levels fused, missing BMI measurement, or neoplastic/trauma indication for surgery, 535 patients were included. The PRO measures of the Neck Disability Index, Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) for Neck Pain, NPRS for Limb Pain, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons–Neurogenic Symptom Score, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association myelopathy score were used. Patients were grouped based on their preoperative BMI, as per the World Health Organization guidelines for Asian populations. PRO scores were collected preoperatively, at 6 months postoperatively, and 2 years postoperatively. A generalized linear model was used to analyze the relationship of BMI category with the individual score, accounting for several factors that are likely to affect the outcomes.ResultsTotal 19 (3.4%) were underweight, 155 (28.0%) were normal weight, 112 (20.3%) were overweight, and 267 (48.3%) were obese. Patients across all BMI categories experienced significant and similar improvements in their postoperative PRO scores. There were no significant differences in the preoperative, 6-month postoperative, and 2-year postoperative PRO scores of the groups. Rate of reoperation was highest in patients with grade II obesity at 8.07%; however, the difference was not statistically significant.Conclusions Irrespective of the BMI, all patients exhibited similar satisfactory outcomes following ACDF. The results support surgery in all subgroups of patients with symptomatic nerve compression in the cervical spine.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922110

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze clinical feature and information of medication to explore the risk signals of preparations containing Psoraleae Fructus (BGZP) related with hepatobiliary adverse drug reactions (ADR), in order to reinforce pharmacovigilance.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted based on hepatobiliary ADR related with BGZP from the China Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring System in years from January 2012 to December 2016. Serious and general ADRs were analyzed and assessed.@*RESULTS@#There were 355 cases of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP. Both the amount of cases and the proportion of serious ADR showed an increasing growth by years (P<0.05). It was found that 10.43% of 355 cases may be involved with irrational drug use, including overdose, repeated medication, and combination of multiple drugs. There were 190 cases which used BGZP (non-combination), and they were mainly for common in diseases caused by abnormal immune activation (accounting for 40.53% of the total cases). Especially at the age group with the most cases with age of 41-50 years, the cases associated with immunological diseases of female were obviously more than that of male (P<0.05). The latency of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP ranged from 1 to 386 days, and the median latency was 27.5 days, along with the range of cumulative dose (0.45-520.02 g) as well as the daily dose (0.09-2.64 g/d) after the conversion.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cases of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP showed significant individual differences, and there was no correlation between drug usage duration and dosage and the occurrence of hepatobiliary ADR. It may be similar with idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury, and recommended that BGZP should be used with more caution under monitoring liver function, especially in female patients with immunological diseases.


Subject(s)
Adult , Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/etiology , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pharmacovigilance , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the prominent molecular signaling in acupoints and explore their roles in initiating the analgesia effect of manual acupuncture (MA).@*METHOD@#A three-step study was conducted, the experiment 1 was a genome-wide analysis of the tissue at acupoint Zusanli (ST 36), including 12 Wistar rats which were divided into control, control+MA1, and control+MA7 groups. In the experiment 2, the paw withdrawal latency (PWL), immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis of phospho-nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) p65 (p-p65), phospho-NFκB p50 (p-p50) at ST 36 were performed on rats of saline, saline+MA, and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)+MA groups (n=6). In experiment 3, 24 rats were divided into saline+DMSO, CFA+DMSO, CFA+DMSO+MA, and CFA+BAY 11-7082+MA groups, the PWL and immunofluorescence assay of NFκB p65 at ST 36 was conducted.@*RESULT@#(1) The gene: inhibitor of NFκB (Nfkbia), interleukin-1β (Il1b), interleukin-6 (Il6), chemokine c-x-c motif ligand 1 (Cxcl1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/Ccl2) expressions in the control+MA7 group were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the expression of NFκB p65 (Rela), NFκB p50 (Nfkb1) were increased in the control+MA7 group (P<0.05). (2) CFA+MA groups showed increased PWL from day 1 to 7 (P<0.01 vs. CFA), and the Western blot results were consistent with immunohistochemistry, the expression of NFκB p-p65 and NFκB p-p50 were significantly increased in the MA-related groups compared with control and CFA groups (P<0.05). (3) Compared with the CFA+DMSO+MA group, the PWL of the CFA+ BAY 11-7082+MA group decreased significantly and continued until day 5 and 7 (P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively), and the NFκB p65 expression of CFA+BAY 11-7082+MA was significantly reduced compared with CFA+DMSO+MA (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Local NFκB signaling cascade in acupoint caused by MA is an important step in initiating the analgesic effect, which would provide new evidence for the initiation of MA-effect and improve the understanding of the scientific basis of acupuncture analgesia.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Points , Animals , Electroacupuncture , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Signal Transduction
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical and radiographic effects of percutaneous pie-crusting deep medial collateral ligament release in patients with posterior horn tear of medial meniscus combined with tight medial compartment.@*METHODS@#From January 2012 to December 2016, 35 patients with medial meniscus posterior horn injury were treated with percutaneous pie crusting deep medial collateral ligament release technique, including 21 males and 14 females, aged from 21 to 55 years old with an average of (39.1±6.5) years old. Degree of meniscus extrusion were recorded before and 24 months after operation. The knee valgus stress test was performed to evaluate stability of medial collateral ligament, and compared difference between healthy and affected side. Lysholm and IKDC functional scores were compared before and 24 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 27 to 60 months with an average of (36.7±6.8) months. All patients were underwent operation, the wound healed well without complications. Operative time ranged from 0.5 to 1.2 h with an average of (0.8±0.4) h. Nineteen patients were performed partial meniscectomy, 16 patients were performed repair suture. Convex of meniscus before operation was (1.5±0.7) mm, and (1.7±0.4) mm after operation;had no statistical difference(@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with medial meniscus tear of posterior horn combined with tight medial compartment, percutaneous pie-crusting deep medial collateralligament release could improve medial compartment space, and Knee valgus instability and meniscus extrusion are not affected.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Collateral Ligaments , Female , Humans , Joint Instability , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Middle Aged , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905375

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate peripheral nerve injury in convalescent patients with peripheral paralysis after stroke, and explore the correlation between injured nerve and upper limb motor function. Methods:From December, 2015 to October, 2019, 77 stroke patients were examined motor nerve conduction, F wave, skin sympathetic response (SSR) and electromyography (EMG) on the affected side upper limbs. They were divided into the normal group and the injured group, according to motor nerve conduction. They were assessed with simplified Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE), and the correlation between the neuroelectrophysiological parameters and FMA-UE score was analyzed. Results:There were 41 patients (53.25%) with peripheral nerve injury (injured group). FMA-UE score was less in the injured group than in the normal group (t = 2.193, P < 0.05), with lower amplitude and occurrence rate of F wave (t > 2.002, P < 0.05), and lower amplitude and shorter latency of SSR (t > 3.140, P < 0.01), although the occurrence rate of F wave and latency of SSR was in the reference range. There was correlation between numbers of injured nerves and FMA-UE score (r = -0.858, P < 0.001). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the amplitudes of ulnar, radial and musculocutaneous nerves affected the FMA-UE score (B > 0.317, P < 0.05). Conclusion:There may be peripheral nerves injury for patients with upper limb peripheral paralysis after stroke, which may impair the outcome of motor recovery, and need to be avoided and treated.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the biomarkers for human coronary artery endothelial cell (HCAEC) injury induced by Kawasaki disease (KD) using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) proteomics.@*METHODS@#HCAECs cultured with the serum of children with KD were used as the KD group, and those cultured with the serum of healthy children was used as the healthy control group. The iTRAQ technique was used to measure the expression of proteins in two groups. The data on proteins were analyzed by bioinformatics. Western blot was used for the validation of protein markers.@*RESULTS@#A total of 518 significantly differentially expressed proteins were identified (with an absolute value of difference fold of >1.2, P<0.05). The gene ontology analysis showed that the differentially expressed proteins were significantly enriched in biological processes (including cellular processes, metabolic processes, and biological regulation), cellular components (including cell parts, cells, and organelles), and molecular functions (including binding, catalytic activity, and molecular function regulators). The KEGG analysis showed that the proteins were significantly enriched in the signaling pathways of ribosomes, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and transcriptional dysregulation in cancer. The PPI network showed that the top 9 protein markers in relation density were PWP2, MCM4, MCM7, MCM5, MCM3, MCM2, SLD5, HDAC2, and MCM6, which were selected as the protein markers for coronary endothelial injury in KD. Western blot showed that the KD group had significantly lower expression levels of the protein markers HDAC2, PWP2, and MCM2 than the healthy control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The serum of children with KD significantly changes the protein expression pattern of HCAECs and affects the signaling pathways associated with the cardiovascular system, which provides a new basis for the pathophysiological mechanism and therapeutic targets of KD.


Subject(s)
Child , Computational Biology , Coronary Vessels , Endothelial Cells , Humans , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proteomics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828359

ABSTRACT

A total of 1 392 reports on liver injury associated adverse drug reaction(LI-ADR) related to bone diseases were retrospectively analyzed based on national ADR monitoring system [18.75% of the patients used traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) alone and 68.68% used Western medicine alone]. This kind of cases accounted for 2.5% of all drug-related liver injury adverse reactions, ranking top ten of all drug categories. The number of reported cases and the proportion of serious cases showed an increasing trend from 2012 to 2016. The average age of the patients was(54.2±15.8) years old, and there was little difference in overall gender(male-female 1.04∶1). However, the number of female patients with rheumatoid arthritis was significantly higher than that of male patients(male-female 1∶2.6), while the number of male patients with gout was significantly higher than that of female patients(male-female 7.16∶1). The overall prognosis was good, with the recovery and improvement rate of 85.27%. The time from medication to liver injury varied due to different medicines. The median time to liver injury was 27 days in TCM alone group, later than 11 days in Western me-dicine alone group(P<0.05). Drugs for bone diseases have been one of the important categories for clinical drug-induced liver injury, and the number of reported cases on liver injury caused by drugs for bone diseases is increasing, so we should pay close attention to the safe and rational use of them. The LI-ADRs of male and female were different due to their different diseases, and the latency of adverse reactions in TCM group was generally longer than that in Western medicine group. In clinical medication, liver function should be monitored according to different diseases and characteristics of drugs to prevent the risk of liver injury.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Diseases , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
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