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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879160

ABSTRACT

Based on the heat-clearing and detoxifying effects of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, the network pharmacology is mainly used to predict the potential targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for anti-inflammatory activity and to perform the experimental verification. A method for detecting the biological potency of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on verifiable targets has been established to provide a reference for improving the quality evaluation and control standards of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. High performance liquid chromatography can be used to construct chemical fingerprints of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Constructing a component-target-disease network of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for its anti-inflammatory activity was applied to screen potential anti-inflammatory components and related targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, and to verify the target of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma by using biological evaluation methods. Detecting the biological potency of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma extracts was used to inhibit COX-2 enzyme activity based the verifiable target cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2). The results showed that different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma accorded with the pharmacopoeia testing regulations, and the chemical fingerprints have a high similarity(similarity>0.93), suggesting that there is no significant difference in the characteristics of the chemical components. Based on network pharmacology predictions, 18 candidate targets were found to have potential direct interactions with the ingredients in Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Among them, the most important target is COX-2. Based on the experimental verification of recombinant human COX-2 protease activity inhibition, Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma can inhibit the COX-2 enzyme activity in a dose-dependent manner. It can function with a low concentration(0.75 mg·mL~(-1)), which preliminarily confirmed the accuracy of network pharmacology prediction. The biological potency detection method of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on COX-2 inhibitory activity was optimized and established. The qualitative response parallel line method was used to calculate the biological potency of anti-inflammatory activity, which ranged from 23.04 to 46.60 U·mg~(-1). For network pharmacology prediction, it can screen and clarify the possible targets of traditional Chinese medicine rapidly, which can guide the establishment of a biological evaluation method for the quality of medicinal materials with related activities. Compared with chemical fingerprints, the biological potency testing can better detect quality fluctuations of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Biological Assay , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Rhizome
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828359

ABSTRACT

A total of 1 392 reports on liver injury associated adverse drug reaction(LI-ADR) related to bone diseases were retrospectively analyzed based on national ADR monitoring system [18.75% of the patients used traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) alone and 68.68% used Western medicine alone]. This kind of cases accounted for 2.5% of all drug-related liver injury adverse reactions, ranking top ten of all drug categories. The number of reported cases and the proportion of serious cases showed an increasing trend from 2012 to 2016. The average age of the patients was(54.2±15.8) years old, and there was little difference in overall gender(male-female 1.04∶1). However, the number of female patients with rheumatoid arthritis was significantly higher than that of male patients(male-female 1∶2.6), while the number of male patients with gout was significantly higher than that of female patients(male-female 7.16∶1). The overall prognosis was good, with the recovery and improvement rate of 85.27%. The time from medication to liver injury varied due to different medicines. The median time to liver injury was 27 days in TCM alone group, later than 11 days in Western me-dicine alone group(P<0.05). Drugs for bone diseases have been one of the important categories for clinical drug-induced liver injury, and the number of reported cases on liver injury caused by drugs for bone diseases is increasing, so we should pay close attention to the safe and rational use of them. The LI-ADRs of male and female were different due to their different diseases, and the latency of adverse reactions in TCM group was generally longer than that in Western medicine group. In clinical medication, liver function should be monitored according to different diseases and characteristics of drugs to prevent the risk of liver injury.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Diseases , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775089

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the pathogen composition and clinical features of preterm infants with sepsis, and to provide a basis for early identification and treatment of sepsis in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 371 preterm infants with sepsis who had a positive blood culture between January 2014 and May 2018. According to the time of onset, the preterm infants were divided into an early-onset group (an age of onset of <7 days) with 73 preterm infants and a late-onset group (an age of onset of ≥7 days) with 298 preterm infants. The two groups were compared in terms of pathogen composition and clinical features (initial symptoms, laboratory examination results at the time of onset, comorbidities, and prognosis).@*RESULTS@#There was a higher proportion of infants with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection in the late-onset group (P<0.05), while there was a higher proportion of infants with Escherichia coli, Streptococcus agalactiae or Listeria infection in the early-onset group (P<0.05). The early-onset group had a significantly higher proportion of infants with dyspnea than the late-onset group (P<0.05). Compared with the late-onset group, the early-onset group had significantly shorter time to negative conversion of blood culture, duration of antibiotic use before infection, and indwelling time of deep venous catheterization (P<0.05), and the late-onset group had a significantly higher incidence rate of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis than the early-onset group (P<0.05). The early-onset group had a significantly higher rate of treatment withdrawal than the late-onset group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Preterm infants with sepsis lack typical clinical manifestations and laboratory examination results at the time of onset. There are certain differences in pathogen composition and clinical features between preterm infants with early- and late-onset sepsis. Possible pathogens for sepsis should be considered based on age in days at the time of onset and related clinical features.


Subject(s)
Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis , Streptococcus agalactiae
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 734-744, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774947

ABSTRACT

Aberrant activation of NLRP3 inflammasome has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diverse inflammation-related diseases, and pharmacological molecules targeting NLRP3 inflammasome are of considerable value to identifying potential therapeutic interventions. Cardamonin (CDN), the major active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicinal herb , has exerted an excellent anti-inflammatory activity, but the mechanism underlying this role is not fully understood. Here, we show that CDN blocks canonical and noncanonical NLRP3 inflammasome activation triggered by multiple stimuli. Moreover, the suppression of CDN on inflammasome activation is specific to NLRP3, not to NLRC4 or AIM2 inflammasome. Besides, the inhibitory effect is not dependent on the expression of NF-B-mediated inflammasome precursor proteins. We also demonstrate that CDN suppresses the NLRP3 inflammasome through blocking ASC oligomerization and speckle formation in a dose-dependent manner. Importantly, CDN improves the survival of mice suffering from lethal septic shock and attenuates IL-1 production induced by LPS , which is shown to be NLRP3 dependent. In conclusion, our results identify CDN as a broad-spectrum and specific inhibitor of NLRP3 inflammasome and a candidate therapeutic drug for treating NLRP3 inflammasome-driven diseases.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777519

ABSTRACT

A retrospective study was performed in drug-induced liver injury(DILI) cases associated with Dictamni Cortex(Baixianpi,BXP) Preparations,which were treated at grade Ⅲ class A liver disease hospitals from 2008 to 2016 and spontaneously reported for adverse reactions between 2012 and 2016 at HILI Cloud(hilicloud.net). The results showed 25 DLII cases associated with BXP Preparations treated at grade Ⅲ class A liver disease hospitals during the 9 years,including only 14 cases in line with the clinical diagnostic criteria of Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Herb-Induced Liver Injury. And 74 DILI cases associated with BXP Preparations spontaneously reports adverse reactions,and 18. 92% of them had unreasonable medication,including polypharmacy(21. 43%),overdose(28. 57%) and repeated dosage(50%). And 47 DILI cases used BXP Preparations to treat psoriasis and vitiligo(a total of59. 57%). The time range of taking BXP Preparations until liver injury occurred was 1-366 d,with the median of 18 d. The dose of BXP Preparations was estimated to be 0. 09-12 g·d-1. And the cumulative dosage of taking drugs until liver injury occurred was 1. 1-336 g. Obvious associations with time-toxicity as well as quantity-toxicity could not be found based on the wide range of time-toxicity relations and quantity-toxicity relations. On the basis of the study,we found that DILI cases associated with BXP Preparations commonly occurred in patients with immune diseases,such as psoriasis and vitiligo,indicating specific individual differences. The results suggested that DILI cases associated with BXP Preparations would be correlated with the property of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury. In conclusion,the risk of liver injury clinically caused by BXP Preparations should be paid more attention,and the studies on the mechanism of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury must be enhanced,and those on risk factors,like irrational drug use,should be strengthened. Moreover,the evaluation of the risk-to-benefit ratio is supposed to be performed for the sake of improving the risk prevention and control standards for BXP preparations,and ensuring safe and rational clinical application of BXP Preparations.


Subject(s)
Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Epidemiology , China , Dictamnus , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Liver , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2141-2148, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780352

ABSTRACT

To explore the application of an effect-constituents index (ECI) for the quality evaluation of rhubarb, we carried out the simultaneous determination of 12 chemical components by ultra-performance liquid chromatography and used the ICR mouse constipation model to determine the diarrhea biopotency of these 12 components. With the diarrhea biopotency of sennoside A as a reference, the diarrhea biopotency weight coefficient of each chemical component was obtained. A multi-component chemical quantitative analysis combined with the biopotency weight coefficients for rhubarb was developed, named the diarrhea ECI. Animal experiment ethics requirements were approved by the Animal Experimental Ethics Committee of the 302 Hospital of the People's Liberation Army (Grant Number: IACUC-2015-012). The results showed that there were significant differences in the content of the 12 chemical components in different batches of processed products of rhubarb. Especially worthy of attention was the content of aloe-emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside in sample Rh03, nearly 40-fold higher than that in Rh07 (4.79 vs 0.12 mg·g-1), and the content of rhein-8-O-β-D-glucoside in sample Rh03, nearly 45 times higher than that in Rh07 (3.56 vs 0.08 mg·g-1). The actual measured diarrhea biopotencies of the 12 chemical components ranged from 61.65 ± 4.28 to 233.84 ± 5.58 U·mg-1. The calculated diarrhea effect-constituents indices of 16 rhubarb samples ranged from 1.07 (Rh15) to 19.38 (Rh03), and the actual measured diarrhea biopotencies of 16 rhubarb samples based the ICR mouse constipation model ranged from 23.84 U·g-1 (Rh16) to 310.94 U·g-1 (Rh05). The correlation between the diarrhea ECIs and the actual measured diarrhea biopotencies of 16 rhubarb samples was good (r = 0.969 5), suggesting that the diarrhea effect-constituents indices may be the most suitable for evaluating the quality of different rhubarbs with regard to diarrhea.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2195-2203, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780351

ABSTRACT

Xiaojin pills, the first choice for clinical treatment of breast hyperplasia, were selected to explore the suitability of a bioactivity assay with chemical fingerprinting for the development of an overall quality evaluation assay. The liposoluble and water-soluble fraction fingerprints of Xiaojin pills were established. The ability to inhibit platelet aggregation and the rate of inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) for 16 batches of Xiaojin pills from several manufacturers was analyzed; the chemical fingerprints of these samples were correlated with the bioactivity and chemical analysis. The animal protocol was approved by the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments of Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Approval, ID: 2018BL-002. Results showed that the antiplatelet aggregation activity of 16 batches was 0.712-1.278 U∙mg-1, with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 15.4%. COX-2 inhibition was 52.07%-68.95% and the RSD was 8.91%. The results showed that there was little difference in the biological effects of these samples. However, the chemical fingerprint consistency of these 16 batches of Xiaojin pills was poor, and the similarity of nearly half of the samples was less than 0.9. The total peak area of Xiaojin pills was 32.74%-165.37% across samples, showing very poor chemical consistency. In order to explore the reasons for the poor chemical consistency despite good consistency in the biological assays, the fingerprint chromatogram was analyzed by multivariate statistical analysis. The main chromatographic peaks were identified. The results showed that the similarity of Xiaojin pills was mainly determined by the prominent chromatographic peaks 17, 18, 20, 23 and 27 in the liposoluble fingerprints, which were identified from Liquidambaris resina and Angelica sinensis Radix. However, Liquidambaris resina and Angelicae sinensis Radix had almost no anti-platelet aggregation activity or COX-2 inhibitory effect at the normal prescription ratio. As a result, the ability to utilize chemical fingerprints to evaluate the quality consistency of Xiaojin pills is limited. The selection of biological evaluation methods that reflect clinical efficacy could make up for the shortcomings of chemical evaluation methods for quality assessment, and provide new ideas and methods for the overall quality evaluation of complex Chinese patent medicines.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2162-2168, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780350

ABSTRACT

Consistency in quality of traditional Chinese medicine granules is an important factor to ensure reproducible clinical efficacy. In this study rhubarb dispensing granules were utilized to construct an efficacious near-infrared spectroscopy (eNIRS) assay by combining NIRS and biopotency. A NIR method for assaying rhubarb dispensing particles was established, and information on different batches was collected. The diarrhea-inducing biopotency of rhubarb dispensing granules was determined based on a constipation model induced by diphenoxylate in mice. The animal protocol was approved by the Animal Ethic Committee​ of 302 Hospital of Chinese PLA People's Liberation Army (ID: IACUC-2019-0010). Ten anthraquinones were determined in rhubarb dispensing granules by UPLC. The correlation between NIR and biopotency was analyzed and five characteristic bands that correlated highly with bioactivity were identified, including 4 011-4 390, 4 859-5 461, 7 012-7 493, 10 992-11 312 and 11 871-12 489 cm-1. There were some differences in the main bands of different chemical constituents. In summary, five active bands based on NIRS were identified and found to be able to achieve rapid on-line detection of rhubarb dispensing granule quality. This research model may also provide reference for quality control of other Chinese medicine dispensing granules.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2169-2177, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780349

ABSTRACT

There are many kinds of processed products of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (ALRP), but their differences in toxicity and efficacy have not been identified. The minimum premature ventricular contraction (PVC) method was used to evaluate the biological toxicity of eight processed products. The results showed that the minimal toxic dose (MTD) of an ethanol extract of Shengfupian (SFP) was 0.16 g·kg-1, which was much lower than that of Heishunpian (HSP), Baifupian (BFP), Baofupian (BAP), Paofuzi (PFZ) or Zhengfupian (ZFP), with MTDs ranging from 2.64 to 5.75 g·kg-1. No cardiotoxicity was detected with Chaofupian (CFP) and Paotianxiong (PTX). A novel +dp/dtmax assay for acute heart failure in rats was developed to evaluate the cardiac activity. It was found that all eight processed products had cardiac effects, with Shengfupian showing the strongest cardiotonic effect and the ability to restore damaged cardiac function to normal within 15 minutes of injection. Heishunpian, Baifupian and the three other products displayed moderate activity, while Paofuzi and Paotianxiong were the weakest. An LC-MS/MS method was utilized to determine the content of 13 alkaloids in water extracts. The results demonstrated that hypertoxic aconitine, mesaconitine, and hypaconitine could not be detected, higenamine was only present in Shengfupian, and salsolinol was about 4-56 times higher in Shengfupian than in other products. A correlation analysis showed that salsolinol had the best correlation with the cardiotonic index, with a correlation coefficient as high as 0.817, while the three monoester alkaloids failed to correlate with the cardiotonic effect. Higenamine and salsolinol were cardiotonic, while the 11 other components had no cardiotonic activity. This study establishes methods for precise evaluation of cardiotoxicity and cardiac activity, reveals the toxicity and efficacy of common processed products, and identifies the key quality markers for cardiac activity, providing scientific support for the quality evaluation and clinical application of processed products of aconite.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2178-2183, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780326

ABSTRACT

The objective of this work was to develop a bioassay to quantify the antiplatelet aggregation activity of hirudo for quality evaluation and control. Antithrombin activity of hirudo extracted by high temperature decoction was determined by thrombin titration. Antiplatelet aggregation activity of hirudo was determined through pharmacodynamic experiments in vitro and in vivo using a bioassay we developed for quantifying inhibition of platelet aggregation. Methodological investigation was carried out and the titers of 12 batches of hirudo samples were determined. During the experiment, the disposal of animals is in accordance with the ethical standards of animal experiments. The results showed that the antithrombin activity of hirudo decocted at high temperature decreased significantly and almost lost its activity. Hirudo inhibited platelet aggregation and results in vivo and in vitro were consistent. These assays were employed to test 12 batches of hirudo. The results demonstrated that the biopotency of 12 batches was 113.49, 96.13, 121.22, 127.33, 83.48, 108.72, 131.41, 127.95, 76.90, 126.27, 132.89 and 573.53 U·mg-1. The method was reliable and reproducible and can be used to assess the quality of hirudo.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1449-1456, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780232

ABSTRACT

About 15%-20% of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) will progress to chronic manifestation (CH-DILI), which sometimes advances rapidly to liver cirrhosis (LC-DILI) within 0.5-1 year with deteriorative clinical prognosis. Therefore, it is important to find a non-invasive diagnosis for early detection of liver cirrhosis. In this study, the metabolomic profiles revealed significant differences in the metabolites from the plasma of LC-DILI versus CH-DILI. We found 35 differential metabolites through principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Through pathway enrichment analysis, some up-regulated metabolic pathways reflected impaired liver functions such as bile acid, lipid synthesis and decomposition during cirrhosis. Five biomarkers were found to exhibit effective diagnosis value (AUC > 0.6), including phosphatidylcholine, lysoPC (18:1 (9Z)), creatine, taurochenodeoxycholic acid and taurocholic acid. Furthermore, we found that the relative content ratio between phosphatidylcholine and lysoPC (18:1 (9Z)) had a better distinguishing ability (AUC = 0.867). The relative content ratio also had the feature to reduce systematic errors of sample processing and instrument detection, therefore having a greater value for clinical application.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1139-1147, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779982

ABSTRACT

Focusing on the TCM-related adverse drug reactions, especially those conventionally non-toxic TCM induced hepatotoxicity, this paper has proposed and established the disease-syndrome-based toxicology evaluation pattern and approach for TCM, not only the normal rats, but the hepatic fibrosis model rat were studied hepatotoxic or hepatoprotective effects of rhubarb, meanwhile liver histopathology changes by histological tests such as HE and TUNEL staining. The metabolomics analysis method will be employed to screen the key metabolites and possible metabolic pathway of the dual effects of rhubarb in rats. The results showed that rhubarb could result in significant liver injury in normal rats, indicated by the elevation of plasma serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities (P L-arginine, creatine, L-valine, retinyl ester, and prostaglandin F2α were confirmed by multivariate statistical analysis and metabolic pathways enrichment analysis linked to six metabolic pathways, including taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, primary bile acid biosynthesis, arginine and proline metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, retinol metabolism and valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis. In summary, the results suggested the dual effects of rhubarb screened by taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, primary bile acid biosynthesis and arginine and proline metabolism may be the key metabolic pathway related to You Gu Wu Yun phenomenon of rhubarb. This study will provide new vision and illustration of scientific evidences for the hepatotoxicity assessment and rational use of those drugs containing anthraquinones.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 396-402, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779888

ABSTRACT

Tonkinensis is commonly used in the treatment of hepatitis B infection in China with its effect­tiveness in reducing clinical symptoms and improving liver function. However, the mechanism of the anti-HBV (hepatitis B virus) effect of Tonkinensis is still not clear. In this study, an integrative analysis using the network pharmacology and metabolomics was employed in identification of the main targets and mechanisms of Tonkinensis in treatment of HBV infections. First, the "drug-target" network was established by predicting the targets of the main chemical components of Tonkinensis; Secondly, the differential metabolites associated with the anti-HBV effect of Tonkinensis were analyzed with the LC-MS based metabolomics in HepG2.2.15 cells; Finally, the "drug ingredients-targets-metabolites" network was constructed to screen the main anti-HBV targets of Tonkinensis. The results suggest that Tonkinensis may act on 16 target proteins in the network of retinol metabolism, peroxisome proliferator activate-receptors (PPAR) signaling pathway and transcriptional regulation of cancer and so on, which contributed to the control of HBV replication and the regulation of immune function and metabolic disorders.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689644

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical features and prognosis of preterm infants with varying degrees of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 144 preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from March 2014 to March 2016 and were diagnosed with BPD were collected. According to the severity of BPD, these preterm infants were divided into mild group with 81 infants and moderate/severe group with 63 infants. The two groups were compared in terms of perinatal risk factors, treatment, comorbidities, complications, and prognosis of the respiratory system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the mild BPD group, the moderate/severe BPD group had a significantly higher gestational age and rate of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants (P<0.05), as well as a significantly higher rate of severe preeclampsia and a significantly lower rate of threatened preterm labor (P<0.05). Compared with the mild BPD group, the moderate/severe BPD group had a significantly higher percentage of infants who needed mechanical ventilation at 2 weeks after birth, longer duration of mechanical ventilation, total time of oxygen therapy, and length of hospital stay, and higher incidence rates of pneumonia and cholestasis (P<0.05), as well as a significantly lower application rate of caffeine citrate (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that SGA birth (OR=5.974, P<0.05), pneumonia (OR=2.590, P<0.05), and mechanical ventilation required at 2 weeks after birth (OR=4.632, P<0.05) were risk factors for increased severity of BPD. The pulmonary function test performed at the corrected gestational age of 40 weeks showed that compared with the mild BPD group, the moderate/severe BPD group had significantly lower ratio of time to peak tidal expiratory flow to total expiratory time, ratio of volume to peak tidal expiratory flow to total expiratory volume, and tidal expiratory flow at 25% remaining expiration (P<0.05). The infants were followed up to the corrected gestational age of 1 year, and the moderate/severe BPD group had significantly higher incidence rates of recurrent hospital admission for pneumonia and recurrent wheezing (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SGA birth, pneumonia, and prolonged mechanical ventilation are associated with increased severity of BPD. Infants with moderate or severe BPD have poor pulmonary function and may experience recurrent infection and wheezing.</p>


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Mortality , Therapeutics , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Logistic Models , Lung , Male , Prognosis , Respiration, Artificial
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690696

ABSTRACT

The study aims to analyze the mechanisms of Hirudo in promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis based on network pharmacology. A database of chemical components of Hirudo was established through literature retrieval. The targets were predicted by using the reverse pharmacophore matching method and screened according to the antithrombotic and anticoagulant drug targets approved by FDA in the DrugBank database. Then, the targets were analyzed by KEGG pathway analysis, the protein interactions were analyzed by using BioGrid database, and the active constituents-target-pathway network model of Hirudo was established to study the mechanisms of Hirudo in promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. This study collected 49 chemical components of Hirudo, including amino acid, polypeptide, fatty acid ester, alkaloid, glycosides, and steroid. Totally 376 targets were predicted, and 5 critical targets related to the effects of Hirudo in promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis were screened, including fibrinogen gamma chain, plasminogen, prothrombin, Urokinase-type plasminogen activator and coagulation factor X. The potential regulatory pathways included complement and coagulation cascades, platelet activation, VEGF signaling pathway, focal adhesion. This study reflects the multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway features of Hirudo, and provides a scientific basis for elucidating the mechanisms of action of Hirudo in promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, as well as a reference for the study of mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicine.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689850

ABSTRACT

To investigate the hepatoprotective effect of Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus (SCF) on CCl₄-induced liver injury, observe its effect on serum metabolites, explore its scientific connotation in liver preservation and find the biomarkers for hepatoprotective effect of SCF. Liver injury model was established by using CCl₄. The pathological sections of liver tissues were observed and the contents of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) in serum were determined. The metabolic skills were adopted based on ultra performance liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) for screening and identification of biomarkers related to liver injury. The results showed the metabolites in blank group, model group and administration group could be easily distinguished, 50 differential compounds were identified and 7 possible metabolic pathways of liver protection were enriched. In this experiment, the hepatoprotective effect of SCF was verified, and the related metabolic pathways such as amino acid metabolism, vitamin metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism were discussed.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812548

ABSTRACT

Aconite is a valuable drug and also a toxic material, which can be used only after detoxification processing. Although traditional processing methods can achieve detoxification effect as desired, there are some obvious drawbacks, including a significant loss of alkaloids and poor quality consistency. It is thus necessary to develop a new detoxification approach. In the present study, we designed a novel one-step detoxification approach by quickly drying fresh-cut aconite particles. In order to evaluate the technical advantages, the contents of mesaconitine, aconitine, hypaconitine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylaconine, benzoylhypaconine, neoline, fuziline, songorine, and talatisamine were determined using HPLC and UHPLC/Q-TOF-MS. Multivariate analysis methods, such as Clustering analysis and Principle component analysis, were applied to determine the quality differences between samples. Our results showed that traditional processes could reduce toxicity as desired, but also led to more than 85.2% alkaloids loss. However, our novel one-step method was capable of achieving virtually the same detoxification effect, with only an approximately 30% alkaloids loss. Cluster analysis and Principal component analysis analyses suggested that Shengfupian and the novel products were significantly different from various traditional products. Acute toxicity testing showed that the novel products achieved a good detoxification effect, with its maximum tolerated dose being equivalent to 20 times of adult dosage. And cardiac effect testing also showed that the activity of the novel products was stronger than that of traditional products. Moreover, particles specification greatly improved the quality consistency of the novel products, which was immensely superior to the traditional products. These results would help guide the rational optimization of aconite processing technologies, providing better drugs for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Toxicity , Alkaloids , Toxicity , Animals , Cardiovascular Agents , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Toxicity , Desiccation , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Toxicity , Male , Maximum Tolerated Dose , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
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