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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 56-82, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929195

ABSTRACT

Contributing to organ formation and tissue regeneration, extracellular matrix (ECM) constituents provide tissue with three-dimensional (3D) structural integrity and cellular-function regulation. Containing the crucial traits of the cellular microenvironment, ECM substitutes mediate cell-matrix interactions to prompt stem-cell proliferation and differentiation for 3D organoid construction in vitro or tissue regeneration in vivo. However, these ECMs are often applied generically and have yet to be extensively developed for specific cell types in 3D cultures. Cultured cells also produce rich ECM, particularly stromal cells. Cellular ECM improves 3D culture development in vitro and tissue remodeling during wound healing after implantation into the host as well. Gaining better insight into ECM derived from either tissue or cells that regulate 3D tissue reconstruction or organ regeneration helps us to select, produce, and implant the most suitable ECM and thus promote 3D organoid culture and tissue remodeling for in vivo regeneration. Overall, the decellularization methodologies and tissue/cell-derived ECM as scaffolds or cellular-growth supplements used in cell propagation and differentiation for 3D tissue culture in vitro are discussed. Moreover, current preclinical applications by which ECM components modulate the wound-healing process are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Decellularized Extracellular Matrix , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935351

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the associations between metabolic syndrome (MS) and the risks for impaired activities of daily living (ADL) in the middle-aged and elderly population in China and provide basis for improving healthy life expectancy. Methods: Prospective cohort study design was used in this study. Based the data of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) from 2011 to 2018 and the baseline data in 2011, the follow up for ADL outcomes was conducted in 2013, 2015 and 2018 respectively, and the participants recruited in 2013 and 2015 were new baseline populations. The participants with impaired ADL in three baseline populations were excluded. Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the effect of different components and number of MS components on the risk for ADL impairment in the middle-aged and elderly population in China. Results: In 59 795 person-years of follow-up, a total of 1 011 cases of ADL impairments were recorded. The incidence density of ADL impairment was 16.91 per 1 000 person-year; The findings of Cox regression analysis showed that compared with the middle aged and elderly people without MS, the risk for ADL impairments was 1.29 times higher (95%CI: 1.12-1.50) for those with one component of MS, 1.32 times higher (95%CI:1.07-1.64) for those with hyperlipemia complicated with diabetes, 1.78 times higher (95%CI: 1.22-2.59) for those with obesity and one component of MS, 2.48 times higher (95%CI:1.59-3.85) for those with hypertension complicated with hyperlipemia, 3.51 times higher (95%CI:1.66-7.43) for those with hypertension complicated with diabetes, 1.80 times higher (95%CI: 1.40-2.32) for those with ≥3 MS, respectively. Compared with the middle-aged and elderly population without MS, the risk for impaired ADL increased by 30% (HR=1.30, 95%CI: 1.13-1.51), 54% (HR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.28-1.85) and 87% (HR=1.87, 95%CI:1.45-2.41), respectively, in the middle-aged and elderly with one, two, and more than three components of MS, with a significant dose-response relationship that ADL impaired risks increased as the number of MS components increased (P<0.001). Conclusions: Our findings suggested that MS is a risk factor for ADL impairment in middle-aged and elderly population in China. Prevention and early intervention of obesity, hypertension, hyperlipemia, diabetes and metabolic syndrome could help to reduce or delay the incidence of ADL impairment.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Aged , China/epidemiology , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies
3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 344-347, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667368

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between wound age and the expressions of frizzled-2 (Fzd2) mRNA and its protein in rats skeletal muscle after contusion,and to explore its possibility of being an index for wound age estimation.Methods The mRNA and protein expressions of Fzd2 in rats skeletal muscle of the control group and the experimental group within 4-48 h after contusion were detected per 4 h by RT-qPCR and Western blotting.Results The relative expression of Fzd2 mRNA increased at 24h,36h and 40h after contusion,and the expression at 24h was twice as the control group (P<0.05).The relative expression of Fzd2 protein changed inconspicuously after contusion (P>0.05).Conclusion The changes of Fzd2 mRNA expression after contusion in a certain time can be a basis to estimate wound age by combined multi-indicators.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230386

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical efficacy of sacral manual therapy in the treatment of coccygodynia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From November 2013 to July 2015, 184 patients with sacrococcygeal pain were divided into treatment group and control group. There were 26 males and 65 females in the treatment group, with an average age of (39.63±11.62) years old. In the control group, there were 31 males and 62 females, with an average age of (41.47±11.56) years old. The patients in the treatment group were treated with sacrococcygeal massage therapy, 3 times a week for 2 weeks. The patients in the control group were treated with Diclofenac Diethylamine Emulgel, 2 times a day for 2 weeks. The VAS pain score, score in rating scale of sacrococcygeal pain and degree of tenderness were obtained on the first day of treatment, 2, 7, 14 days and 3 months after treatment to evaluate clinical results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>When comparing the VAS pain score of sacrococcygeal pain within the two groups, the differences began to reach statistical significance on the second day(<0.001). The chagne of VAS pain scores, the change of scores in rating scale of sacrococcygeal pain and the degree of tenderness in the treatment group were all significontly larger that those in the contral group from the second day.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The curative effect of sacral manipulation group is better than that of Diclofenac Diethylamine Emulgel group in the treatment of sacrococcygeal pain.</p>

5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 315-319, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309715

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the possible roles of adenosine and the cytokines TNF-alpha and IL-10 in the pathogenesis of acute bacterial prostatitis (ABP) in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight male Wistar rats were randomly divided into groups A (ABP), B (ABP + theophylline intervention), C (sham) and D (blank control). ABP models were established by injecting Escherichia coli 0157 into the prostate, and those in group B were treated by intraperitoneal injection of theophylline immediately after modeling. At 4 and 14 days, the prostate tissues of the rats were collected for detection of the expressions of TNF-alpha and IL-10 by immunohistochemistry and the concentration of adenosine by high-performance liquid chromatography.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 4 and 14 days, the concentrations of adenosine were significantly higher in group A ([48.38 +/- 17.27] and [26.54 +/- 11.22] microg/g) than in C ([0.45 +/- 0.25] and [0.46 +/- 0.29] microg/g) and D ([0.41 +/- 0.23] and [0.43 +/- 0.27] microg/g) (P < 0.05), and so were the expressions of TNF-alpha in A (0.23 +/- 0.08 and 0.21 +/- 0.03) than in C (0.07 +/- 0.03 and 0.07 +/- 0.01) and D (0.07 +/- 0.06 and 0.07 +/- 0.06) (P < 0.05), and those of IL-10 in A (0.13 +/- 0.03 and 0.25 +/- 0.01) than in C (0.07 +/- 0.03 and 0.07 +/- 0.03) and D (0.07 +/- 0.01 and 0.07 +/- 0.02) (P < 0.05). Compared with group A, the rats in group B showed significant increases at 4 and 14 days in the severity of inflammation, concentration of adenosine ([86.64 +/- 32.87] and [51.17 +/- 22.96] microg/g, P < 0.05) and expression of TNF-alpha (0.37 +/- 0.08 and 0.32 +/- 0.06, P < 0.05), but exhibited no remarkable difference in the expression of IL-10 (0.12 +/- 0.06 and 0.15 +/- 0.06, P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Adenosine may affect the progression of inflammation by regulating the expressions of the cytokines TNF-alpha and IL-10 in ABP rats through the adenosine receptor signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Physiology , Animals , Escherichia coli O157 , Interleukin-10 , Metabolism , Male , Prostate , Metabolism , Prostatitis , Metabolism , Microbiology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Theophylline , Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1097-1100, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239027

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the possible causes of BPH surgery-related urethral stricture and summarize the experience in its clinical management.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 37 cases of BPH surgery-related urethral stricture were analyzed retrospectively. The patients averaged 68.5 years in age, of whom 12 had the history of open surgery, and 25 transurethral surgery. Anterior urethral stricture was found in 6 cases, and posterior urethra in stricture 31. Thirty-five cases were treated by holmium laser urethrotomy (HLU) or a combination of HLU with transurethral resection of the scar in the stenotic segment, and the results were evaluated based on the maximum flow rate (Qmax).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two cases of full penile urethral stricture were treated by urinary diversion, and all the rest by urethral stricture surgery. Catheters were indwelt in 4 cases of urethral stenosis for 5-7 days post-operatively, and smooth urination was achieved after their removal, with a Qmax of > 15 ml/s. Another 31 cases of membranous urethral stricture received catheter indwelling of 2 -4 weeks and were followed up for 1 - 21 (mean 11. 5) months, of whom 23 experienced satisfactory voiding, with an average Qmax of 14.3 ml/s, and the other 8 poor voiding, with a Qmax of < 8 ml/s.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HLU or a combination of HLU with transurethral resection of the scar in the stenotic segment is an effective method for the treatment of BPH surgery-related urethral stricture. And conscientiously performed BPH surgery can reduce the incidence of urethral stricture.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Urethra , Urethral Stricture
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472762

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of data mining in the literature study on acupuncture treatment Of headache,and to summarize the laws between TCM pattern identification of headache and acupoint selection,acupoint combination.Methods:In the study of the clinical literature about acupuncture treatment for headache,published domestically from 1950 to 2008,the number and frequency of the acupoints in the literature,and the selecting laws and frequency of the main acupoints in pattern identification,and the meridian-tropism relationship between the main acupoints and combined acupoints,and the distributing rules of commonly used acupoints on the body surface were investigated by frequency-analyzing method.Resuits:The main acupoints in acupuncture treatment of headache ale primarily the acupoints on the head and specific acupoints from yang meridians,with the acupoints combined in accordance with pattern identification by meridian theory for different paaerns.Conclusion:By analyzing the laws of acupoint selection in the acupuncture treatment of headache with data mining,its new laws can be obtained.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270211

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanism of rosiglitazone (RSG, the activator of peroxisome proliferators activated receptor lambda) for inhibiting endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced neonatal rat cardiac myocyte hypertrophy and the role of protein kinase C (PKC) and c-fos.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In vitro cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes were treated with ET-1, phorbol ester (PMA, the PKC activator), ET-1+RSG, ET-1+chelerythrine (che, the PKC inhibitor), PMA+RSG, or without treatment (control), respectively. The effects of RSG on the protein content, (3)H-leucine incorporation, PKC activity and C-fos protein expression were observed in the cardiac myocytes stimulated with ET-1 or PMA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After two days of culture, the intracellular protein content in ET-1 group and PMA group were increased by 15% (339-/+15 microg/ml) and 13% (329-/+14 microg/ml) as compared with the control cells (290-/+13 microg/ml), respectively (P<0.01). Compared with the ET-1 group, cells treated with ET-1+10(-8) mol/L RSG, ET-1+10(-7) mol/L RSG, and ET-1+che showed decreased intracellular protein content by 10% (303-/+14 microg/ml, P<0.05), 12% (292-/+11 microg/ml, P<0.05), and 13% (291-/+12 microg/ml, P<0.01), respectively. The intracellular protein content in PMA+10(-7) mol/LRSG group was decreased by 10% (P<0.05) in comparison with the PMA group. RSG inhibited protein synthesis enhancement and increased (3)H-leucine incorporation induced by ET-1 and PMA, and antagonized the effects of ET-1 and PMA in promoting PKC activity and c-fos protein expression in the myocytes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The inhibitory effect of RSG on ET-1- or PMA-induced myocyte hypertrophy is associated with PKC-c-fos pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Blotting, Western , Cell Enlargement , Cells, Cultured , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Endothelin-1 , Pharmacology , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Protein Kinase C , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate , Pharmacology , Thiazolidinediones , Pharmacology
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 335-340, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352772

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of vasonatrin peptide (VNP) on electrically-induced intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) transient and mechanism of the effects in the cardiac myocytes. The [Ca(2+)](i) transient was measured with a fluoremetric method. The effects of HS-142-1, 8-Br-cGMP and methylene blue (MB) on [Ca(2+)](i) transient in cardiac myocytes were also determined. Isoproterenol (Iso) at 10(-10)~10(-6) mol/L augmented electrically-induced [Ca(2+)](i) transient dose-dependently, which was (13+/-8)% (P>0.05), (26+/-13)% (P< 0.05), (66+/-10)% (P<0.01), (150+/-10)% (P<0.01) and (300+/-25)% (P<0.01), respectively. These effects were blocked by an beta-adrenergic bloker propranolol (10(-6) mol/L). The effect of Iso (10(-8) mol/L) on [Ca(2+)](i) transient was attenuated in a dose-dependent manner by VNP at 10(-10)~10(-6) mol/L, which was (99+/-3)% (P>0.05), (96+/-2)% (P<0.05), (84+/-6)% (P<0.01), (66+/-3)% (P<0.01) and (62+/-3)% (P<0.01), respectively. 8-Br-cGMP (10(-7)~10(-3) mol/L) aslo attenuated 10(-8) mol/L Iso-induced [Ca(2+)](i) transient dose-dependent. The effect of VNP on [Ca(2+)](i) transient was almost abolished in the presence of HS-142-1 (2x10(-5) mol/L), an antagonist of the natriuretic peptide guanylate cyclase (GC) receptors. MB (10(-5) mol/L), an inhibitor of GC, not only blocked the effect of VNP in myocytes, but also augmented electrically-induced [Ca(2+)](i) transient. VNP and HS-142-1 themselves did not change the [Ca(2+)](i) transient in the cardiac myocytes significantly. But MB augmented the [Ca(2+)](i) transient in the cardiac myocytes significantly. These results suggest that VNP attenuates [Ca(2+)](i) transient induced by Iso. This effect is possibly achieved by binding VNP with the natriuretic peptide GC receptors in the myocytes, leading to an increase in intracellular cGMP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Pharmacology , Calcium , Metabolism , Calcium Channels , Metabolism , Cyclic GMP , Metabolism , Depression, Chemical , Female , Guanylate Cyclase , Metabolism , Isoproterenol , Pharmacology , Male , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Rats , Receptors, Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 91-95, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318936

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relaxation effect and underlying mechanism of U50,488H (a selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist) on aorta in the rat, isolated aortic ring was perfused and the tension of the vessel was measured. It was shown: (1) kappa-opioid receptor stimulation with U50,488H relaxed rat aorta dose-dependently; (2) the relaxation effect of U50,488H on aorta was partially endothelium-dependent; (3) the relaxation effect of U50,488H was significantly attenuated in the presence of glybenclamide and glipizide, two ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (K(ATP)) blockers; and (4) the relaxation effect of U50,488H on vessel bore no relationship to muscarinic-receptor, beta-adrenoceptor, prostaglandin and nitric oxide (NO). These results indicate that kappa-opioid receptor stimulation with U50,488H relaxes the aortic artery at least partially via K(ATP) channel in the rat.


Subject(s)
3,4-Dichloro-N-methyl-N-(2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl)-benzeneacetamide, (trans)-Isomer , Pharmacology , Animals , Aorta , Physiology , In Vitro Techniques , KATP Channels , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Opioid, kappa , Physiology , Vasodilation , Physiology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339667

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To investigate the action of anions and anion channel blockers in the regulation of vascular contraction induced by norepinephrine (NE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>NE-induced contraction was observed in rat aorta by using routine blood vascular perfusion in vitro.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The anion channel blockers niflumic acid (NFA) and 5-nitro-2-(3-phenoxylpropylamino)-benzoic acid (NPPB) produced inhibitory effects on NE-evoked contractions in the aorta. NE-induced contraction was not significantly changed after the extracellular Na+ was replaced by choline, in contrast, the vascular was relaxed when the extracellular Cl- was replaced by glutamate. Moreover, the vasoconstriction induced by NE was further enhanced with the replacement of the extracellular Cl- by Br-, which was still sensitive to either NFA or NPPB.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Anion channels play an important role in the regulation of blood vascular tone, which may be responsible for the salt-sensitivity hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anions , Metabolism , Aorta , Physiology , In Vitro Techniques , Ion Channels , Male , Muscle Contraction , Physiology , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Physiology , Norepinephrine , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333758

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To investigate the effects of bradykinin on voltage-dependent sodium channel currents in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons (DRG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Whole-cell patch clamp technique was used to determine sodium channel current.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Bradykinin at 0.01 - 10.0 micromol/L dose dependently increased the frequency of repetitive firing of DRG. Bradykinin at 0.01 - 10.0 micromol/L dose dependently enhanced the TTX-R sodium current, and had no effect on TTX-S sodium current.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mechanism underlying the inflammation induced by bradykinin is related to the TTX-R sodium channel.</p>


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Bradykinin , Pharmacology , Ganglia, Spinal , Physiology , Membrane Potentials , Neurons , Physiology , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sodium Channels , Physiology
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