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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 409-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922916

ABSTRACT

We investigated the ability of Dracocephalum moldavica (EPDM) flavonoids to protect human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) from necroptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury. To mimic the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a necroptosis model was established by treatment with the pan-cysteine aspartic acid protease (caspase) inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK combined with oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation (OGD/R) injury using HBMECs. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (cell counting kit-8, CCK-8) was used to measure cell viability. A Hoechst33342/PI fluorescent double-staining method was exploited to determine the rate of cell necroptosis. A commercial kit was used to detect lactate dehydrogenase in the cell culture supernate. DCFH-DA probes, calcein AM and JC-1 probes were used to measure changes in ROS production, mitochondrial membrane permeability transformation pore (MPTP) opening and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were chosen to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Western blotting was used to detect necroptosis-related proteins. The results show that relative to control group, Z-VAD-FMK combined with OGD/R injury reduced cell viability, increased the necroptosis rate and the levels of LDH and ROS in HBMECs. The MPTP of the model group cells opened and the MMP reduced. TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly elevated. Furthermore, the expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mitochondrial phosphoglycerate mutase 5 (PGAM5) was significantly increased, accompanied by an increase of phosphorylated mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL)/MLKL. EPDM partially reversed the changes of the above-mentioned factors in HBMECs induced by Z-VAD-FMK plus OGD/R injury. These results indicate that EPDM may protect HBMECs from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting the RIP3/MLKL/PGAM5 pathway and MPTP opening to maintain mitochondrial function, thereby providing a scientific basis for the use of EPDM in the treatment of cerebral ischemia-related diseases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888173

ABSTRACT

The sustainable use of medicinal plants is the foundation of the inheritance of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and the acquisition of information on medicinal plants is the basis for the development of TCM. The traditional methods of investigating medicinal plant resources are disadvantageous in strong subjectivity and poor timeliness, making it difficult to real-time monitor medicinal plant resources. In recent years, remote sensing technology has become an important means of obtaining information on medicinal plants. The application of this technology has made up for the shortcomings of traditional methods. The open-access remote sensing data with medium spatial resolution satellites provide an opportunity for extracting information on medicinal plant resources. This study firstly introduced the principles of remote sensing technology, summarized the satellites and the parameters commonly used in the field of medicinal plant resources, and compared the survey methods of remote sensing technology with traditional methods. Secondly, it reviewed the applications of remote sensing technology in the extraction of information on the cultivation of medicinal plants and the common methods for extracting the planting structure information of medicinal plants based on remote sensing technology. Thirdly, the applications of remote sensing technology in the investigation and monitoring of medicinal plants were further analyzed with the research objects divided into wild and cultivated medicinal plants according to the characteristics of the habitats. Finally, it pointed out the key unsolved technical problems in the remote sensing monitoring of medicinal plant resources, and proposed solutions for the intelligent information processing of medicinal plants based on remote sensing big data, which is expected to provide references for the development of remote sensing technology in derivative application in medicinal plant resources.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Remote Sensing Technology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888133

ABSTRACT

The Solanaceae plants distributed in China belong to 105 species and 35 varietas of 24 genera. Some medicinal plants of Solanaceae are rich in tropane alkaloids(TAs), which have significant pharmacological activities. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, pharmacological activities, and biosynthetic pathways of TAs in Solanaceous plants were summarized. Besides, the phylogeny of medicinal plants belonging to Solanaceae was visualized by network diagram. Fourteen genera of Solanaceae plants in China contain TAs and have medical records. TAs mainly exist in Datura, Anisodus, Atropa, Physochlaina, and Hyoscyamus. The TAs-containing species were mainly concentrated in Southwest China, and the content of TAs was closely related to plant distribution area and altitude. The Solanaceae plants containing TAs mainly have antispasmodic, analgesic, antiasthmatic, and antitussive effects. Modern pharmacological studies have proved the central sedative, pupil dilating, glandular secretion-inhibiting, and anti-asthma activities of TAs. These pharmacological activities provide a reasonable explanation for the traditional therapeutic efficacy of tropane drugs. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, and modern pharmacological activities of TAs-containing species in Solanaceae were analyzed for the first time. Based on these data, the genetic relationship of TAs-containing Solanaceae species was preliminarily discussed, which provided a scientific basis for the basic research on TAs-containing solanaceous species and was of great significance for the development of natural medicinal plant resources containing TAs.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Phylogeny , Plants, Medicinal , Solanaceae/genetics , Tropanes
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effecty of Wiltse approach combined with contralateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and traditional TLIF in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its affect on injury of multifidus muscle.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to September 2017, 90 patients with lumbar disc herniation combined with lumbar spine instability were divided into two groups (Wiltse approach group and traditional group) depend on the procedure of operation. Wiltse approach group was treated with Wiltse approach screw placement in one side combined with contralateral TLIF. There were 50 patients in Wiltse approach group, including 36 males and 14 females, aged 45 to 72 yearswith an average of (60.4± 3.1) years. The traditional group was treated with traditional TLIF operation. There were 40 patients in the traditional group, including 25 males and 15 females, aged 45 to 74 years with an average of (62.1±3.4) years. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, accuracy of screw implantation, postoperative drainage volume and drainage tube removal time were recorded in two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)were observed before and 12 months after operation. All patients underwent CT examination preoperative and 12 months postoperative, and the CT values of bilateral multifidus muscle were measured.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, 40 patients in traditional group were 12 to 18 months with an average of (15.3±4.3) months; and 50 patients in Wiltse approach group were 13 to 24 months with an average of (16.5± 4.1) months. There were no statistically significant differences in operative time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional surgical procedures, the Wiltse approach nail placement combined with contralateral TLIF has the advantage of accurate nail placement, reducing multifidus muscle damage, and reducing the incidence of postoperative intractable low back pain.


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible mechanism of electroacupuncture to improve detrusor hyperreflex after suprasacral spinal cord injury. Methods:A total of 60 female Sprague-Dawley rats were included. According to the random number table, twelve were selected as the blank group, twelve as the sham operation group, and the remaining 36 were made neurogenic bladder models using modified T10 spinal cord transection. After that, twelve of them were randomly selected as the model group and twelve were as the electroacupuncture group from the model rats that met the requirements. On the 19th day after modelling, Ciliao (BL32), Zhongji (RN3) and Sanyinjiao (SP6) were taken for electroacupuncture. After seven days of continuous treatment, urodynamic testing was performed, content of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and protein kinase A (PKA) in detrusor was determined by ELISA, and the level of phosphorylation of myosin light chain kinase (p-MLCK) of detrusor was determined by Western blotting. Results:Compared with the blank group and the sham operation group, the maximum bladder capacity and bladder compliance significantly reduced (P < 0.01), and the base pressure and leakage point pressure of bladder significantly increased (P < 0.01); the content of cAMP and PKA in detrusor reduced (P < 0.01), p-MLCK in detrusor reduced (P < 0.05) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the maximum bladder capacity and bladder compliance increased (P < 0.01), the base pressure of the bladder and the pressure at the leak point decreased (P < 0.05); the contents of cAMP and PKA protein in detrusor increased (P < 0.05), the p-MLCK in detrusor increased (P < 0.05) in the electroacupuncture group. Conclusion:Electroacupuncture at Ciliao, Zhongji and Sanyinjiao points could improve the bladder function of rats with detrusor hyperreflex after complete spinal cord injury, and its mechanism may be related to up-regulating the expression of cAMP and PKA, phosphorylating and inactivating p-MLCK, which promote relaxation of detrusor.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the intelligent performance measurement system for colonoscopy.Methods:Nine endoscopists from Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were randomly assigned to the quality control group and the control group based on inclusion and exclusion criteria by the random number table. In the pre-quality-control stage (from April 20, 2019 to May 30, 2019), colonoscopic data acquired by the enrolled endoscopists were collected. In the training stage (June 1-30, 2019), the quality control group was trained on the quality control knowledge and the use of intelligent gastrointestinal endoscopy performance measurement system; but the control group was only trained on the quality control knowledge.In the post-quality-control stage (from July 1, 2019 to August 20, 2019), a weekly quality feedback was given to endoscopists of the quality control group, while the endoscopists of the control group had no quality control report.Then, the colonoscopic data acquired by enrolled endoscopists were prospectively collected during the period. The primary endpoint was adenoma detection rate. The secondary endpoints were withdrawal time, polyp detection rate and cecal intubation rate.Results:Four endoscopists were assigned to the quality control group and five to the control group. A total of 1 471 colonoscopic procedures were analyzed. The detection rates of adenoma and polyp in the quality control group increased with feedbacks[13.7% (45/329) VS 7.1% (24/338), χ2=55.796, P<0.001; 48.9% (161/329) VS 40.2% (136/338), χ2=4.071, P=0.044], while there were no significant differences in the control group [9.3% (37/398) VS 9.1% (37/406), χ2=0.329, P=0.566; 33.9% (135/398) VS 33.0% (134/496), χ2=3.616, P=0.057]. The withdrawal time in the quality control group increased with feedbacks[5.9 (3.9, 7.3) min VS 4.1 (2.8, 6.1) min, Z=6.965, P<0.001], while there was no significant difference in this variable in the control group [3.9 (2.7, 6.1) min VS 3.6 (2.6, 5.8) min, Z=1.355, P=0.175]. Conclusion:The intelligent performance measurement system for gastrointestinal endoscopy with feedbacks can monitor and improve the colonoscopic quality.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887961

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the effect of salidroside on inhibiting liver fibrosis and its relationship with CXC chemokine ligand 16(CXCL16) in vivo and in vitro, totally 45 C57 BL/6 J male mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group and salidroside group, with 15 mice in each group. The mice in model group and salidroside group were injected intraperitoneally with 15% carbontetrachloride(CCl_4) olive oil solution to establish liver fibrosis model, and the mice in normal group were injected intraperitoneally with the same dose of olive oil. Salidroside group was given with 100 mg·kg~(-1 )salidroside by gavage, while the normal group and model group received the same amount of double distilled water by gavage. All mice were sacrificed after 5 weeks of intragastric administration. The pathological changes of mouse liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and the degree of liver fibrosis was observed by sirius red staining. The protein expressions of collagen Ⅰ(ColⅠ), α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), fibronectin(FN), CXCL16, phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt), Akt in liver tissues were detected by Western blot. Hepatic stellate cell line JS 1 was cultured in vitro and divided into control group, model group(100 μg·L~(-1) CXCL16) and salidroside group(100 μg·L~(-1) CXCL16+1×10~(-5) mol·L~(-1) salidroside). Cell migration was detected by cell scratch, the mRNA expressions of ColⅠ and α-SMA were detected by RT-PCR, and the protein expressions of p-Akt and Akt were detected by Western blot. As compared with the normal group, the protein expressions of ColⅠ, α-SMA, FN, CXCL16, and p-Akt in the model group were significantly increased, and salidroside could reduce the expression of these indicators(P<0.05 or P<0.01). In vitro, CXCL16 could promote the migration of JS 1, increase the mRNA expressions of ColⅠ and α-SMA in JS 1, and enhance Akt phosphorylation in JS 1(P<0.05 or P<0.01). As compared with the model group, salidroside could inhibit the migration of JS 1 induced by CXCL16(P<0.05), and reduce the high expression of ColⅠ and α-SMA mRNA and the phosphorylation of Akt in JS 1 induced by CXCL16(P<0.05). In conclusion, salidroside might attenuate CCl_4-induced liver fibrosis in mice by inhibiting the migration, activation and Akt phosphorylation of hepatic stellate cells induced by CXCL16.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbon Tetrachloride , Chemokine CXCL16 , Glucosides , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Male , Mice , Phenols
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887472

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of intradermal needling combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion for moderate to severe cancer pain.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with moderate to severe cancer pain were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group,30 cases in each one. In the control group,opioids were taken to relief pain according to the three-step analgesic method of World Health Organization. On the base of the treatment as the control group, intradermal needling combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion were applied at Neiguan (PC 6), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Taichong (LR 3), etc. in the observation group, 14 days of treatment were required. The equivalent morphine consumption at the first day and whole course, the scores of cancer quality of life questionnaire-C30 (QLQ-C30) and Hamilton anxiety scale before and after treatment, and the adverse reaction rate were compared in the two groups. The total analgesic effective rate was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The total analgesic effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the observation group, higher than 73.3% (22/30) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Intradermal needling combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion can reduce the dose of opioids, improve the quality of life, relief the anxiety in patients with moderate to severe cancer pain, and reduce the incidence of common adverse reaction of opioids.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Cancer Pain/therapy , Hot Temperature , Humans , Moxibustion , Neoplasms/therapy , Pain , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886639

ABSTRACT

As a new form of medical industry, internet medicine has not only the endogenous risk of internet industry, but also the blind area and exogenous risk because of lagging regulation. With the continuous progress of internet information technology, online diagnosis and treatment will gradually integrate and reconstruct the traditional medical service. In the history of medical development, the emergence of new technologies generally has the characteristics of risk. Therefore, the supervision of internet medicine should adhere to the rule of inclusiveness and prudence, and take into account the cultivation of the market and standardized development. It should also build a regulatory community, coordinate governance from the four dimensions of legitimacy, compliance, rationality and superiority. Taking the law as the bottom line, we should make full use of early online warning monitoring, off-site supervision, online supervision, reputation mechanism and other measures to promote the innovative development of internet medicine under the framework of legal compliance.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886638

ABSTRACT

The penetration and integration of internet with medical industry is apparently falling behind its interaction with other industries in terms of speed and scale. The main reason is due to the high risk and difficult supervision of internet medicine. Based on the regulatory context, this paper analyzes the endogenous and exogenous risk of internet medicine. The inherent characteristics of the internet (such as openness, diversity, multi subjectivity, virtuality, transparency, and high aggregation) lead to endogenous risks, including jurisdiction disputes, uncertainty of rights and obligations, security of personal information and medical information, monopoly. The lag of specific law in internet medicine, the lack of extensibility and synergy of traditional hierarchical regulatory system, the uncertainty of internet hospital regulatory policy details, the lack of technical specifications/operating procedures and other external system coverage in internet diagnosis and treatment lead to regulatory blind areas and exogenous risks. Based on the risk analysis, this paper discusses further construction of the mechanisms of risk assessment and regulation for internet medicine.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886637

ABSTRACT

Internet medicine is not a concept of jurisprudence. China's current medical law system mainly focuses on main qualifications of the participants who conduct diagnosis and treatment. This paper focuses on several business models of the core element (diagnosis and treatment) in internet medicine, namely: online health consultation provided by internet medical platform, online diagnosis and treatment by internet hospital, and certain artificial intelligence(AI) medicine products that are specialized for diagnosis and treatment. This paper summarizes the development of these three business models, and analyzes the main problems in their development, including the legitimacy identification of online consultation, the dilemma of the development of internet hospitals, the impact of insufficient sample data on the development of medical AI, and the reverse restriction of regulatory difficulties to the development of internet medicine. The next step of developing internet medicine is to broaden the scope of internet diagnosis and treatment on the premise of medical safety, which will be based on the improvement of current regulatory system. It is urgent to build early risk warning system and supervision/ management mechanism for internet medicine.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886636

ABSTRACT

In the fifth scientific and technological revolution, information technology is the first productivity, which has a great impact on the supply and demand of medical services. Generally, internet medicine is equivalent to the combination between health industry and information technology. "Healthy China" strategy is China's "priority development strategy", which adheres to the principle of health equity, emphasizes the integration of health into all policies, and takes co-construction and sharing as the basic path. With implementing internet medicine, "Healthy China" strategy promotes the mobility of medical service with three tools: interconnection, data and artificial intelligence. This enhances the operation efficiency of overall medical and health system, and optimizes the allocation of medical resources. The future development of internet medicine follows the double helix mode driven by technology and policy, and the policy determines the development boundary of the industry. On the basis to ensure medical safety, we should explore the possibility of internet diagnosis and treatment further, and pay attention to the fairness of resource allocation while improving efficiency, so as to realize the co-construction and sharing of health services.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct an intelligent performance measurement system of gastrointestinal endoscopy and to analyze its value for endoscopic quality improvement.Methods:The intelligent gastrointestinal endoscopy performance measurement system was developed by using the deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) and deep reinforcement learning, based on the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine. Images were acquired of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy at Digestive Endoscopy Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from December 2016 to October 2018. The system applied cecum recognition model (DCNN1), images in vitro and in vivo recognition model (DCNN2), and identification model at 26 gastric sites (DCNN3) to monitor indices such as cecal intubation rate, colonoscopic withdrawal time, gastroscopic inspection time, and gastroscopic coverage. Images of 83 gastroscopies and 205 colonoscopies acquired at Digestive Endoscopy Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from March to November 2019 were randomly selected to examine the effectiveness of the system. Results:The intelligent gastrointestinal endoscopy performance measurement system consisted of quality analysis of both gastroscopy and colonoscopy, including all indices, and could be generated automatically at any time. The accuracy for cecal intubation rate, colonoscopic withdrawal time, gastroscopic inspection time, and gastroscopic coverage were 92.5% (172/186), 91.7% (188/205), 100.0% (83/83), 89.3% (1 928/2 158), respectively.Conclusion:The intelligent performance measurement system for gastrointestinal endoscopy can be recommended for the quality control of gastrointestinal endoscopy, from which endoscopists can get feedback and improve the quality of gastrointestinal endoscopy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882744

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of hydrogen rich-saline (HRS) on intestinal mucosal barrier in rat with intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IIRI).Methods:Twenty-four healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8 weeks, were randomly divided into 3 groups (8 in each group) by random number table method: sham group, model group and HRS group.Rats in HRS group were intraperitoneally injected with HRS (10 mL/kg) at 30 min of ischemia, and the same amount of normal saline was intraperitoneally injected in model group.After 45 min of ischemia and 6 h of reperfusion, rats were sacrificed.Serum and ileum were collected for further detection.Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)- 1β and IL-17A expression levels in serum were detected by conducting enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The localization expressions of tight junction protein Occludin was detected by immunohistochemical staining (IHC), while the localization expression of tight junction protein zonula occluden-1 (ZO-1) were detected by immunofluorescence staining (IF). The protein expression of Occludin, ZO-1, and Lysozyme were detected by performing Western blot.The mRNA expression of Lysozyme and α-defensin were detected by real-time PCR (qPCR).Results:ELISA results proved that the levels of serum TNF-α and IL-1β in HRS group rats were significantly lower than those in model group [(62.02±29.97) ng/L vs.(113.40±44.58) ng/L, (21.68±0.35) ng/L vs.(28.29±3.49) ng/L], while the level of IL-17A increased [(28.18±5.28) ng/L vs. (15.10±3.60) ng/L] (all P<0.05). IHC staining: compared with model group, the expression of Occludin in HRS group was uniform and continuous, and the staining was darker.IF results: compared with model group, the fluorescence signal intensity of ZO-1 in HRS group rats significantly increased, and the distribution was clear and continuous.Wes-tern blot results: compared with model group, the expression levels of Occludin and ZO-1 proteins in HRS group rats remarkably increased (0.79±0.06 vs. 0.54±0.04, 0.91±0.11 vs. 0.51±0.13), while Lysozyme protein decreased (1.50±0.40 vs. 2.99±0.80) (all P<0.05). qPCR results revealed that the expression level of Lysozyme mRNA in HRS group rats was lower than that in model group (1.64±0.33 vs. 2.20±0.40), while α-defensin mRNA obviously increased (0.82±0.19 vs. 0.47±0.13) (all P<0.01). Conclusions:HRS protects intestinal mucosal barrier by inhibiting the expression of tight junctions and the secretion of antimicrobial peptides in rat suffering from IIRI.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879085

ABSTRACT

Diaporthe sp. fungi is one of the important sources of active natural products. Polyketides, alkaloids, terpenes, anthraquinones and other types of novel metabolic products are found from this genus, and many of them have significant anti-tumor, antibacterial, anti-hyperlipidemia, inhibition of pulmonary fibrosis, antioxidant and other biological activities. This paper reviewed source, structure and biological activity of natural products from Diaporthe sp. in the past two decades, and provided a reference for in-depth study of natural product of this genus fungus and innovative drug development.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Biological Products/pharmacology , Fungi , Polyketides , Terpenes
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 829-839, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878056

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#MicroRNAs are closely associated with the progression and outcomes of multiple human diseases, including sepsis. In this study, we examined the role of miR-23a in septic injury.@*METHODS@#Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to induce sepsis in a rat model and H9C2 and HK-2 cells. miR-23a expression was evaluated in rat myocardial and kidney tissues, as well as H9C2 and HK-2 cells. A miR-23a mimic was introduced into cells to identify the role of miR-23a in cell viability, apoptosis, and the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, the effect of Rho-associated kinase 1 (ROCK1), a miR-23a target, on cell damage was evaluated, and molecules involved in the underlying mechanism were identified.@*RESULTS@#In the rat model, miR-23a was poorly expressed in myocardial (sham vs. sepsis 1.00 ± 0.06 vs. 0.27 ± 0.03, P < 0.01) and kidney tissues (sham vs. sepsis 0.27 ± 0.03 vs. 1.00 ± 0.06, P < 0.01). Artificial overexpression of miR-23a resulted in increased proliferative activity (DNA replication rate: Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 34.13 ± 3.12 vs. 12.94 ± 1.21 vs. 13.31 ± 1.43 vs. 22.94 ± 2.26, P < 0.05; HK-2 cells: 15.17 ± 1.43 vs. 34.52 ± 3.46 vs. 35.19 ± 3.12 vs. 19.87 ± 1.52, P < 0.05), decreased cell apoptosis (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 11.39 ± 1.04 vs. 32.57 ± 2.29 vs. 33.08 ± 3.12 vs. 21.63 ± 2.35, P < 0.05; HK-2 cells: 15.17 ± 1.43 vs. 34.52 ± 3.46 vs. 35.19 ± 3.12 vs. 19.87 ± 1.52, P < 0.05), and decreased production of inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-6 (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 59.61 ± 5.14 vs. 113.54 ± 12.30 vs. 116.51 ± 10.69 vs. 87.69 ± 2.97 ng/mL; P < 0.05, F = 12.67, HK-2 cells: 68.12 ± 6.44 vs. 139.65 ± 16.62 vs. 143.51 ± 13.64 vs. 100.82 ± 9.74 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 9.83) and tumor necrosis factor-α (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 103.20 ± 10.31 vs. 169.67 ± 18.84 vs. 173.61 ± 15.91 vs. 133.36 ± 12.32 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 12.67, HK-2 cells: 132.51 ± 13.37 vs. 187.47 ± 16.74 vs. 143.51 ± 13.64 vs. 155.79 ± 15.31 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 9.83) in cells. However, ROCK1 was identified as a miR-23a target, and further up-regulation of ROCK1 mitigated the protective function of miR-23a in LPS-treated H9C2 and HK-2 cells. Moreover, ROCK1 suppressed sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) expression to promote the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65, indicating the possible involvement of this signaling pathway in miR-23a-mediated events.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results indicate that miR-23a could suppress LPS-induced cell damage and inflammatory cytokine secretion by binding to ROCK1, mediated through the potential participation of the SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line , Cytokines , Inflammation/genetics , Lipopolysaccharides , MicroRNAs/genetics , NF-kappa B , Rats , Sirtuin 1 , rho-Associated Kinases/genetics
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 696-702, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876522

ABSTRACT

Nucleotide binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor protein 3, NLRP3) inflammasomes regulate the secretion of caspase-1, interleukin-18 (IL-18), IL-1β, and other cytokines, and participates in aging. In recent years, it has been found that NLRP3 inflammasomes are abnormally activated in aging heart and vessels, and inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasomes can alleviate heart aging and vascular aging. This review summarizes the research of NLRP3 inflammasome in heart and vascular aging, and the related drugs to promote the discovery of the mechanism of NLRP3 inflammasome in heart and vascular aging and the development of related drugs.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873553

ABSTRACT

It is a major public health task to promote the construction of modern disease prevention and control system in the prevention and control of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic. In this study, we identified the current situation and challenges in the construction of disease prevention and control system in Shanghai, including the infrastructures, disciplines, human resources, information system, operational mechanism, and legalization. It is proposed that we should promote the construction of modern disease prevention and control system in Shanghai, which is aimed to improve the capacity in the disease prevention and control services, response to the major epidemics and public health emergencies, and scientific research in public health, in accordance with municipal functional orientation large-scale metropolitan public health security requirements in Shanghai. Moreover, we should promote policy-making, including upgrading infrastructures, facilitating discipline construction and scientific research innovation, optimizing development environment for human resources, accelerating comprehensive information construction, improving systems and mechanisms, and strengthening legal governance.

19.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 203-213, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829100

ABSTRACT

In 2006, the Hepatology Committee of Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine issued the "Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Liver Fibrosis with Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine." In recent years, the fields of Chinese medicine, Western medicine, and integrative medicine have made rapid advances in basic and clinical research into chronic liver disease, and accumulated new evidence for the prevention and treatment of hepatic fibrosis. Therefore, in order to meet clinical needs, liver disease experts of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine were united to revise the previous guidelines in order to help physicians make correct and reasonable decisions in the diagnosis and treatment of hepatic fibrosis.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828572

ABSTRACT

Objective s To investigate the effects of preoperative smoking and smoking cessation time on preoperative peripheral blood inflammatory indexes and postoperative hospitalization outcomes in male patients with lung cancer and surgery therapy.Methods We retrospectively enrolled 637 male patients who underwent curative-intent lung cancer resection between January 2014 and December 2016. Patients were classified as the current smokers, the never smokers, and the ex-smokers based on their smoking history, and the ex-smokers were allocated into five subgroups according to their smoking cessation times (CeT): CeT≤6 weeks, 6weeks10years. The preoperative peripheral blood white blood cells (WBCs), albumin, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), intraoperative blood loss, 30-day mortality, in-hospital days, hospitalization costs, intensive care unit (ICU), admission days and placement time of closed thoracic drainage tube were compared among different groups.Results There were significant differences in WBC (=5.275, <0.001) and albumin (=2.470, <0.05) among patients of current smokers, ex-smokers with different smoking cessation time, and never-smokers. The blood WBC count in current smokers (7.7×10 /L) was significantly higher than that in ex-smokers (7.0×10 /L)and never-smokers (5.9×10 /L) (=-2.145, <0.05; =-6.073, <0.01, respectively). The level of peripheral blood albumin in current smokers (41.1 g/L) was lower than that in ex-smokers (42.1 g/L) and never-smokers (43.2 g/L) (=2.323, <0.05; =3.995, <0.01, respectively). The level of peripheral blood NLR in current smokers (3.7) was higher than that in ex-smokers (3.1) and never smokers (2.8) (=-1.836, <0.05; =-2.889, <0.01, respectively). There was no significant difference in WBC, albumin and NLR among five subgroups of different smoking cessation time. No significant difference was observed in intraoperative blood loss, 30-day mortality, hospitalization costs, hospital stay, ICU stay and placement time of closed thoracic drainage tube among groups either. Conclusion Smoking increases the preoperative inflammatory indexes in peripheral blood of lung cancer patients. Smoking cessation has beneficial effect on reducing levels of these inflammatory indexes, which may be not impacted by the time length of smoking cessation. Therefore, lung cancer patients should be encouraged to quit smoking at any time.

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