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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 460-466, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922922

ABSTRACT

Based on the similar structure of adrenaline shared by higenamine (HI), salsolinol (SA) and coryneine (CO), a photochemical colorimetric sensor based on the displacement reaction of o-diphenol hydroxyl group and alizarin red S-phenylboric acid system was constructed to quickly distinguish and identify the cardiac strength of Shengfupian. The results show that the optimal condition of the sensor is: the molar ratio of alizarin red S (ARS) to phenylboric acid (PA) is 1∶3, reaction temperature is 0 ℃; The preparation method of the sample solution is optimized as follows: 2.5 g of Shengfupian powder was taken, 10 times the amount of methanol was added, and 300 W, 40 kHz ultrasound was carried out for 15 min; methodological studies showed that the method had good precision, repeatability and stability. The |△G| value (G is green, |△G| = |G after - G before|) of each sample was obtained by response values determination of 14 batches of Shengfupian. LC-MS/MS was used to determine the contents of three cardiac components in Shengfupian. It was found that the order of the total contents of cardiotonic components was basically consistent with |△G|. Then the correlation was analyzed, and the correlation coefficient R2 was as high as 0.87, which proved the scientificity and accuracy of this method. This study fills the methodological gap of rapid evaluation of the quality of Shengfupian, and provides the key technical support for the high quality and good price of Shengfupian in the market circulation and clinical application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the short-term effects of intravitreal injection of aflibercept (IVA) for initial treatment and dressing change on exudative age-related macular degeneration (eAMD).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From June 2018 to February 2021, forty-nine eAMD eyes of 38 patients who underwent IVA treatment in Department of Ophthalmology of Central Theater Command Hospital of People’s Liberation Army were included in the study. Among them, there were 24 males with 29 eyes and 14 females with 20 eyes; the average age was 66.82±8.71 years. All affected eyes were treated with IVA. The initial loading dose was 2.0 mg, which was injected once a month for 3 consecutive months, followed by monthly review and treatment as needed. Of the 49 eyes, 26 eyes were initially treated (initial treatment group), they were diagnosed within 3 months of the first onset and followed by IVA treatment, and no intraocular drugs and surgery were performed from the onset to the first diagnosis. Twenty-three eyes were treated with drug exchange therapy (dressing change group), they received intravitreal injection of ranibizumab and/or conbercept more than 4 times 6 months before the replacement therapy, during which there was persistent interlaminar cystoid edema and/or subretinal fluid (SRF) in the macular area and no improvement in pigment epithelial detachment (PED). Before IVA treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), foveal thickness (CMT), PED height (PEDH), and PED volume (PEDV) of the two groups of eyes before IVA treatment ( P>0.05). The same equipment and methods as before treatment were used for related examinations, and the changes of BCVA, CMT, PEDH, PEDV and complications of the two groups of eyes were recorded in 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. The comparison of BCVA, CMT, PEDH, and PEDV between the two groups were used repeated measures analysis of variance. Results:Six months after treatment, the number of IVA injections in the eyes of the initial treatment group and dressing change group were 4.15±0.73 and 4.39±0.72 times, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( t=-1.141, P=0.260). The BCVA, CMT, PEDH, and PEDV of the the initial treatment group ( F=5.345, 22.995, 6.764, 5.425) and the dressing change group ( F=12.519, 15.576, 8.843, 9.406) were significantly improved compared before treatment with 1, 3, and 6 months. All were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in BCVA, CMT, PEDH, and PEDV between the initial treatment group and the dressing group at each time point after treatment ( F=1.741, 0.069, 0.876, 3.455; P>0.05). During the follow-up period, none of the affected eyes had complications such as persistent intraocular pressure increase, endophthalmitis, and retinal pigment epithelial tear. Conclusions:IVA can improve eyesight of patients with eAMD and reduce CMT, PEDH, and PEDV. The initial treatment and dressing change have the same effect.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 739-746, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the characteristics of nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC) of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and investigate whether more severe peripheral microangiopathy at NFC were related to the development of SSc.Methods:① The study included 115 patients (60 cases with SSc and 55 patients with other connective tissue diseases). All patients were treated with neither prednisone nor immunosuppressive drugs within 3 months before enrollment. We collected the following data: age, disease duration, disease onset, mRSS, high-resolution chest tomography (HRCT), echocardiography, pulmonary function, nailfold capillaroscopy and routine laboratory assessments. ② All the NFC definitions were used for semi-quantitatively scoring and Cutolo's qualitative assessment. ③ The relationship between NFC changes and joint, visceral involvement and autoantibodies in SSc patients was analyzed. ④ T test, Rank sum test and chi-square test were applied to analyze data. Results:① According to Cutoloqualitative assessment of NFC, patients of SSc with active/late pattern ( n=52) were very common than other CTD ( n=21) ( Z=-3.853, P<0.01). ② According to semiquantitative assessment, the scores of loss of capillaries [(1.67±0.60) vs (0.72±0.46), t=8.347, P<0.01)], irregular enlarged capillaries [(1.22±0.88) vs (0.74±0.50), t=3.178, P<0.01)], hemorrhage [(0.30±0.39) vs (0.10±0.21), t=3.090, P<0.01)], disorganization of the microvascular array [(0.38±0.38) vs (0.18±0.32), t=2.729, P<0.01)] were significantly higher than CTD. ③ The NFC of SSc patients was significantly different from CTD. The number of capillary loss ( Z=-4.194, P<0.01), input capillary dimensions ( t=3.704, P<0.01), output capillary dimensions ( t=3.913, P<0.01), wide diameter of capillary ( t=4.586, P<0.01), tortuous capillaries ( Z=-2.677, P<0.01), gaint capillary ( χ2=8.040, P=0.013), effusion ( Z=-2.278, P=0.023) were more increased than CTD. ④ The NFC pattern of SSc with lung involvement were mainly active and late (66%, 33/50), whereas early and active pattern (60%, 6/10) for those without respiratory system involvement ( Z=10.114, P=0.045) . The NFC pattern of SSc patients with joint involvement were mainly active and late (75%, 12/16), whereas early and active (66%, 29/44) for those without joint involvement ( Z=5.550, P=0.057) . Conclusion:The NFC of SSc patients is significantly different from CTD. NFC may be a suitable tool for disease evaluation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) caused by liver-qi depression from the aspect of Glu-GABA metabolic pathways.Methods:Thirty-six rats with similar open field scores and regular estrus cycles were divided into blank group, model group, fluoxetine group, Shuyu capsule group, saikosaponin group and inhibitor group according to the random number table method, with 6 rats in each group. Stereotactic hippocampus surgery was performed during the first estrous cycle reception period after the estrus cycle was determined. In the non-receiving period of the third and fourth estrus cycles, the restraint model was constructed, and from the first day of the modeling, rats of the fluoxetine group were given fluoxetine capsules 2.67 mg/kg, while rats of the Shuyu capsule group and saikosaponin group were given Shuyu capsules 0.408 g/kg and saikosaponin 0.72 mg/kg once a day for 5 consecutive days. Rats in the inhibitor group were injected with 20 μl L-malic acid with 5 mmol/L concentration, which is an inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), in the hippocampus on the last day of modeling. After the administration, weighed the rats and carried out open field experiments. During the second and fivth estrus cycles of rats, the extracellular fluid of the hippocampus was collected by microdialysis technology, and the content of Glu and GABA in the dialysate was detected by HPLC-FLD. Results:After 5 days of administration, compared with the model group, the body weight of rats in the Shuyu capsule group, the inhibitor group and the fluoxetine group increased ( P<0.05), and the total score of the open field experiment decreased ( P<0.05); compared with the model group, during the receiving period of the five estrus cycle, the Glu level of the Shuyu capsule group and the inhibitor group decreased ( P<0.05); In the non-receiving period of the fifth estrus cycle, the Shuyu capsule group, Glu level of the fluoxetine group and the saikosaponin group increased, GABA level of Shuyu capsule group, inhibitor group and fluoxetine group decreased ( P<0.05), Glu/GABA level of Shuyu capsule group, fluoxetine group and inhibitor group (1.49 ± 0.13, 1.32 ± 0.33, 3.92 ± 0.79 vs. 0.35 ± 0.48) was higher than that of the model group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The therapeutic mechanism of Shuyu capsule in the treatment of PMDD caused by liver Qi depression rats may be ascribed to inhibiting GAD from Glu-GABA metabolic pathway.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical diagnosis and treatment characteristics as well as the optimal schemes of Lianhua Qingwen Capsule in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in the real world. Method:The information of 454 patients receiving Lianhua Qingwen Capsule for URTI was collected from the electronic medical data warehouse constructed by the Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, which covered 16 large-scale tertiary Class A hospital information systems (HISs). The harvested information was subjected to descriptive analysis, Apriori algorithm-based analysis and Louvain (BGLL) algorithm-based complex network analysis to explore the clinical medication schemes. Result:The commonly adopted medication schemes were heat-clearing and detoxicating Chinese medicinal injections combined with expectorants, analgesic-antipyretic drugs, or antibacterial agents in western medicine. Besides, the combination with heat-clearing and phlegm-resolving Chinese medicinals, vitamins, or hypotensive, lipid-lowering, hypoglycemic, coronary circulation-improving, or antiplatelet aggregation drugs targeting the underlying diseases was also detectable. Conclusion:The complex network analysis based on BGLL clustering method can be used to find out the medication rules of Lianhua Qingwen Capsule for URTI. The traditional Chinese medicine has been widely employed for resolving phlegm and relieving cough due to its good efficacy. The combination with antibiotics follows the guidelines for the use of antimicrobial agents. Drug safety is one of the most concerned aspects in clinical drug combination. The uncovering of these rules has provided a direction for exploring the optimal treatments.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of adapted rhythmic gymnastics based on International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY) on the fundamental motor skill development for children with low function autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods:Three boys aged 7.2 to 8 years with low function ASD (IQ 47 to 53) participated in the exercise since September, 2019. Their activities and motor function were analyzed with ICF-CY to develop a 12-week rehabilitation exercise, including physical fitness, gymnastics skills content and game. They were assessed with ICF-CY based Questionnaire and gross motor of Peabody Developmental Motor Scales (PDMS-2) before and after training. Results:The qualifiers of body structure, body function, activity and participation improved somehow after training. The scores of gross motor skills of PDMS-2 improved. Conclusion:The adapted rhythmic gymnastics training based on ICF-CY may improve the functioning, especially motor function, for children with low function ASD, which can be a kind of rehabilitation exercise.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of norcantharidin (NCTD) to proliferation of leukemia cells through disrupting key regulators of sonic Hedgehog (SHH) pathway and its downstream transcription factor SOX2.@*METHODS@#CCK8 was used to detected the HL60 and NB4 cells after inhibited by NCTD, SMO and GLI1 inhibitor for 24 hours. Expression level of SMO, GLI1 and SOX2 in HL60 cells with NCTD treatment was detected by immunoblot. HL60 cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1 plasmid expressing GLI1 or SOX2. Empty vector and pcDNA3. 1-EGFP were divided into negative and positive control group, respectively. The expression of exogenous GLI1 or SOX2 in HL60 cells was confirmed by immunoblot, and growth curve of HL60 cell was checked by CCK8. Proliferation of genetic modified HL60 cells treated by various dose of NCTD was detected.@*RESULTS@#NCTD, SMO/GLI1 inhibitors could inhibit the proliferation of NB4 and HL60 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with solvent (DMSO)-treated control group, NCTD remarkably decreased protein level of SMO, GLI1 and SOX2. GLI1 and SOX2 were overexpressed in HL60 cells as compared with pcDNA3.1 empty vector-transfected group. Growth curve demonstrated significant proliferative advantage of GLI1/SOX2-transfected cells. CCK8 assay indicated that GLI1/SOX2-overexpressed HL60 cells were more resistant to NCTD treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#NCTD attenuates HL60 proliferation via targeting the Hedgehog/SOX2 axis.


Subject(s)
Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic , Cell Proliferation , HL-60 Cells , Hedgehog Proteins , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , SOXB1 Transcription Factors , Zinc Finger Protein GLI1
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879890

ABSTRACT

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) remains an important cause of neonatal death and disability in infants and young children, but it has a complex mechanism and lacks specific treatment methods. As a new type of programmed cell death, ferroptosis has gradually attracted more and more attention as a new therapeutic target. This article reviews the research advances in abnormal iron metabolism, glutamate antiporter dysfunction, and abnormal lipid peroxide regulation which are closely associated with ferroptosis and HIBD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Child , Child, Preschool , Ferroptosis , Humans , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Infant, Newborn , Neurons
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879193

ABSTRACT

To systemically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills in treating angina pectoris and co-ronary heart disease. CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases were retrieved on computer, and the randomized clinical trial(RCT) on Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills in treating angina pectoris and coronary heart disease, which were published from the database establishment to December 31, 2019, were comprehensively collected. Literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted independently by two researchers according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Literature methodology quality evaluation was conducted with use of the Cochrane Handbook 5.3.0(bias risk assessment tool). Meta-analysis was performed with RevMan 5.3.0 software. A total of 10 RCTs were included. The results of the Meta-analysis showed that as compared with conventional Western medicine alone, the application of Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills combined with conventional Western medicine treatment further improved the total effective rate and electrocardiogram effect(RR=1.43,95%CI[1.20,1.71],P<0.000 1). There were statistically significant differences in the number of angina attacks, the duration of angina and the amount of nitroglycerin used. In terms of safety indicators, four studies reported adverse reactions in the experimental group, including facial flu-shing, tachycardia, dizziness, dyspnea, nausea and other symptoms. Based on the existing findings, in the treatment of angina pectoris and coronary heart disease, Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills combined with conventional Western medicine can improve the clinical total effective rate, electrocardiogram effect, number of angina attacks, duration of angina and the amount of nitroglycerin used. However, in the included studies, due to some methodological quality problems which would impact the reliability of literature results more high-quality randomized controlled trials are still needed for further verification.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Esters , Ginkgo biloba , Humans , Ketones/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879029

ABSTRACT

To systemically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Maxing Shigan Decoction in the treatment of community acquired pneumonia(CAP) and provide a reference for the treatment of CAP. Databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and PubMed were searched(from inception to May 30, 2020) to screen the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Maxing Shigan Decoction in treating CAP. Two authors independently screened and selected relevant literature and extracted data based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Any disagreement or differences was resolved through discussion. The bias risk assessment tool recommended by Cochrane handbook was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies, and RevMan 5.3 software was used for data analysis. Seventeen RCTs were finally included, involving 1 309 patients. Meta-analysis showed that Maxing Shigan Decoction combined with conventional Western medicine treatment could improve clinical efficacy in patients with CAP more effectively as compared with conventional Western medicine treatment alone, mainly in terms of anti-inflammatory effects, a decrease in C-reactive protein(CRP) content(MD=-6.01, 95%CI[-10.95,-1.06], P=0.02)and white blood cell(WBC) count, a decrease in procalcitonin(PCT) level(MD=-0.74, 95%CI[-0.77,-0.71], P<0.000 1), and shortened recovery time of cough and fever. Maxing Shigan Decoction has certain curative effect on CAP, but there are problems in the methodology of included studies. High-quality stu-dies are still needed for further verification.


Subject(s)
Community-Acquired Infections/drug therapy , Cough , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878963

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a method for the determination of the concentration of five main components of phthalide target areas of Chaxiong(CPTA) and its inclusion of β-CD in the plasma of rats, and determine the pharmacokinetic parameters, absolute bioavailability and relative bioavailability of CPTA/β-CD inclusion compound in vivo. The plasma concentrations of senkyunolide A, N-butylphthalide, new osthol lactone, Z-ligustilide and butenyl phthalide were determined with UPLC-MS/MS. The content determination was conducted at the chromatographic conditions as follows: Shim-pack GIST C_(18)-AQ HP column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 3 μm), mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B), gradient elution, flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1), column temperature of 35 ℃ and injection volume of 2 μL. The mass spectra were obtained with electrospray ion source(ESI), positive ion mode and multi reaction monitoring. CPTA/β-CD inclusion compound was prepared by grinding method, DAS 2.0 software was used to model the data, and the absolute bioavailability of CPTA and relative bioavailability of inclusion compound were calculated. Finally, the methods for the determination of five components of senkyunolide A, N-butylphthalide, new osthol lactone, Z-ligustilide and butenyl phthalide in CPTA, were successfully established. The linear relationship among the five components was good within their respective ranges, r>0.99. The absolute bioavailability of the five components in rats was 22.30%, 16.32%, 21.90%, 10.16% and 12.43%, respectively. After CPTA/β-CD inclusion was prepared, the relative bioavailability of the five components was 138.69%, 198.39%, 218.01%, 224.54% and 363.55%, respectively, significantly improved. This method is rapid, accurate and sensitive, so it is suitable for the pharmacokinetic study of extracts in traditional Chinese medicine and their preparations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 177-184, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881010

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Ganoderma lucidum spore (GLS) is gaining recognition as a medicinal part of G. lucidum and has been reported to possess various pharmacological properties, such as antitumor activity. In this work, wall-broken GLS powder (BGLSP) and wall-removed GLS powder (RGLSP), two kinds of GLS powder with different manufacturing techniques, were compared in terms of contents of active constituents and in vivo and in vitro antitumor effects.@*METHODS@#The ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometry method was used to determine the contents of polysaccharides and total triterpenoids in BGLSP and RGLSP. Seventeen individual triterpenoids were further quantified using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography and quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker. The antitumor effects of BGLSP and RGLSP were evaluated using in vitro cell viability assay against human gastric carcinoma SGC-7901, lung carcinoma A549 and lymphoma Ramos and further validated by in vivo zebrafish xenograft models with transplanted SGC-7901, A549 and Ramos.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that the contents of polysaccharides, total triterpenoids and individual triterpenoids of RGLSP were significantly higher than those of BGLSP. Although both BGLSP and RGLSP inhibited the three tumor cell lines in vitro in a dose-dependent manner, the inhibitory effects of RGLSP were much better than those of BGLSP. In the in vivo zebrafish assay, RGLSP exhibited more potent inhibitory activities against tumors transplanted into the zebrafish compared with BGLSP, and the inhibition rates of RGLSP reached approximately 78%, 31% and 83% on SGC-7901, A549 and Ramos, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The results indicated that the antitumor effects of GLS were positively correlated with the contents of the polysaccharides and triterpenoids and demonstrated that the wall-removing manufacturing technique could significantly improve the levels of active constituents, and thereby enhance the antitumor activity.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the experience in the application of muscle relaxants in the perioperative period in neonates with congenital esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 58 previously untreated neonates with EA-TEF who were treated in the Neonatal Center of Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2017 to 2019. The incidence rate of anastomotic leak was compared between the neonates receiving muscle relaxants for different durations after surgery (≤ 5 days and > 5 days). The correlation between the duration of postoperative use of muscle relaxants and the duration of mechanical ventilation was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Among the 58 neonates with EA-TEF, 44 underwent surgery, among whom 35 with type III EA-TEF underwent thoracoscopic surgery. Among these 35 neonates, 30 (86%) received muscle relaxants after surgery, with a median duration of 4.75 days, and 6 (18%) experienced anastomotic leak. There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of anastomosis leak between the ≤ 5 days and > 5 days groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prolonged use of muscle relaxants after surgery cannot significantly reduce the incidence of anastomotic leak, but can prolong the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in neonates with EA-TEF. Therefore, prolonged use of muscle relaxants is not recommended after surgery.


Subject(s)
Child , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Muscles , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888125

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Gongxuening Capsules in the treatment of abnormal vaginal bleeding after medical abortion. CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed, VIP, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases were retrieved to comprehensively collect the clinical randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Gongxuening Capsules for treatment of abnormal vaginal bleeding after medical abortion from the establishment of the databases to October 10, 2020. Literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted independently by two system reviewers according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Cochrane Handbook bias risk assessment tool was used for the literature methodology quality evaluation, RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis, and the evidence quality of outcomes was evaluated by the evidence quality grading system(GRADE). A total of 16 RCTs were inclu-ded. The results of Meta-analysis showed that as compared with the western medicine treatment alone, the addition of Gongxuening Capsules to the western medicine treatment can reduce the amount of vaginal bleeding(RR=1.23, 95%CI[1.19, 1.27], P<0.000 01), shorten vaginal bleeding time(RR_(≤15 d number of people)=1.39, 95%CI[1.31, 1.48], P<0.000 01; MD_(number ofdays)=-1.20, 95%CI[-1.66,-0.74],P<0.000 01). However, there was no obvious advantage in abortion effect(RR=1.02, 95%CI[0.99, 1.06], P=0.14) and menstrual recovery(MD=-0.35, 95%CI[-0.96, 0.25], P=0.25). The results of GRADE showed that the grading level was low for vaginal bleeding volume and vaginal bleeding time, and extremely low for abortion effect and mens-trual recovery. In terms of safety, 16 studies reported adverse events. Only one study showed no adverse events and the rest showed transient nausea, vomiting, stomach burning, upper abdominal discomfort and other gastrointestinal symptoms. The results show that the addition of Gongxuening Capsules to the application of western medicine in treatment of drug abortion can reduce the amount of vaginal bleeding and shorten vaginal bleeding time, but the abortion effect and menstrual recovery have no obvious advantages. The use of Gongxuening Capsules helps to achieve less adverse reactions and higher safety. Due to the small sample size of the included studies and many methodological quality problems, no conclusions with clinical guidance value can be obtained. Large sample-zise, high-qua-lity randomized controlled trials are still needed for further verification.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Induced/adverse effects , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Uterine Hemorrhage
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888117

ABSTRACT

This study explored the mechanism of Sanhuang Decoction(SHD) in treating dextran sulfate sodium(DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis(UC) in mice with Candida albicans(Ca) colonization via high-throughput transcriptome sequencing. Specifically, the animal model was established by oral administration of 3.0% DSS for 7 days followed by intragastrical administration of Ca suspension at 1.0 × 10~8 cells for 4 days and then the mice were treated with SHD enema for 7 days. Afterwards, the general signs were observed and the disease activity index(DAI) was recorded every day. After mice were sacrificed, colon length and colon mucosa damage index(CMDI) were determined and the histomorphology was observed with the HE staining method. The fungal loads of feces were detected with the plate method. Anti-saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody(ASCA) and β-1,3-glucan in serum, and TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in serum and colon were detected by ELISA. High-throughput RNA sequencing method was adopted to identify transcriptome of colon tissues from the control, model and SHD(15.0 g·kg~(-1)) groups. Differentially expressed genes(DEGs) among groups were screened and the GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of the DEGs was performed. The expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, and IL-1β genes related to the NOD-like receptor signaling pathway which involved 9 DEGs, were examined by qRT-PCR and Western blot. The results demonstrated that SHD improved the general signs, decreased DAI and Ca loads of feaces, alleviated colon edema, erosion, and shortening, and lowered the content of β-1,3-glucan in serum and TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in serum and colon tissues of mice. Transcriptome sequencing revealed 383 DEGs between SHD and model groups, which were mainly involved in the biological processes of immune system, response to bacterium, and innate immune response. They were mainly enriched in the NOD-like signaling pathway, cytokine-cytokine interaction pathway, and retinol metabolism pathway. Moreover, SHD down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1β. In a word, SHD ameliorates DSS-induced UC in mice colonized with Ca, which probably relates to its regulation of NOD-like receptor signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Candida albicans/genetics , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Colon , Dextran Sulfate/toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Mice , Transcriptome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885848

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between hyperreflective dots (HRD) and lipid levels and systemic inflammatory factors in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) or central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).Methods:A cross-sectional clinical study. From December 2016 to June 2020, 118 eyes of 118 patients with retinal vein occlusion diagnosed in the Department of Ophthalmology, Central Theater Command Hospital of People's Liberation Army were included in the study. Among them, 67 cases of BRVO and 51 cases of CRVO were divided into CRVO group and BRVO group accordingly. Peripheral venous blood was drawn from the patients within 3 days after the eye examination to detect the percentage of neutrophils, monocytes, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (CRP), total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and lipoprotein(a). The ratio of monocytes to high-density lipoprotein (MHR) was also calculated. The 3D OCT-2000 instrument from Topcon (Japan) was used to measure the central retinal thickness (CRT) and the numbers of HRD. According to the different distribution position, HRD is divided into inner retina HRD, outer retina HRD, and total retina HRD.The independent sample t test was used to compare the continuous variables of the two groups, and the χ2 test was used to compare the rates. The correlation between HRD counts and blood lipid levels and peripheral blood inflammation indicators in patients with different types of RVO was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis. Results:The average age of patients in the BRVO group and CRVO group were 60.1±9.5 and 53.6±15.7 years, respectively; the prevalence of hypertension was 53.7% (36/67) and 24.5% (12/51), respectively. Comparison of age ( t=2.634) and prevalence of hypertension ( χ2=11.298) between the two groups showed statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). Gender ( χ2=2.000), course of disease ( t=-1.101), prevalence of diabetes ( χ2=1.315), eye category ( χ2=1.742), baseline visual acuity ( t=1.792), intraocular pressure ( t=0.708), CRT ( t=1.318), and peripheral blood include the percentage of neutrophils, the absolute number of monocytes, CRP, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, lipoprotein(a), MHR ( t=-0.559, 1.126, 0.579, 1.299, -0.134, 0.556, 1.230, -0.267, 0.483), the difference was not statistically significant. Correlation analysis showed that the HRD counts in the outer retina of BRVO patients were positively correlated with total cholesterol ( r=0.289, P=0.036); the HRD in the inner retina and total HRD counts of CRVO patients were positively correlated with CRP ( r=0.406, 0.343; P=0.004, 0.014). There was no correlation between HRD counts and percentage of neutrophils, absolute number of monocytes, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, lipoprotein(a), and MHR ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The number of HRD is related to the blood lipid level in BRVO patients and CRP (an inflammatory index) in CRVO patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921806

ABSTRACT

In this study, the molecular mechanism of astragaloside Ⅳ(AS-Ⅳ) in the treatment of Parkinson's disease(PD) was explored based on network pharmacology, and the potential value of AS-Ⅳ in alleviating neuronal injury in PD by activating the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway was verified through molecular docking and in vitro experiments. Such databases as SwissTargetPrediction, BTMAN-TAM, and GeneCards were used to predict the targets of AS-Ⅳ for the treatment of PD. The Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins(STRING) was employed to analyze protein-protein interaction(PPI) and construct a PPI network, and the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery(DAVID) was used for Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Based on the results of GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway analysis, the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway was selected for further molecular docking and in vitro experiments in this study. The in vitro cell model of PD was established by MPP~+. The cell viability was measured by MTT assay and effect of AS-Ⅳ on the expression of the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway-related genes and proteins by real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) and Western blot. Network pharmacology revealed totally 122 targets of AS-Ⅳ for the treatment of PD, and GO enrichment analysis yielded 504 GO terms, most of which were biological processes and molecular functions. Totally 20 related signaling pathways were screened out by KEGG pathway analysis, including neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway, GABAergic synapse, and calcium signaling pathway. Molecular docking demonstrated high affinity of AS-Ⅳ to serine/threonine-protein kinases(AKT1, AKT2), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma(PIK3 CG), and phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide(PIK3 CA) on the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway. In vitro experiments showed that AS-Ⅳ could effectively inhibit the decrease of the viability of PC12 induced by MPP~+ and up-regulate the mRNA expression levels of AKT1 and PI3 K as well as the phosphorylation levels of AKT and PI3 K. As an active component of Astragali Radix, AS-Ⅳ acts on PD through multiple targets and pathways. Furthermore, it inhibits neuronal apoptosis and protects neurons by activating the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway, thereby providing reliable theoretical and experimental supports for the treatment of PD with AS-Ⅳ.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , PC12 Cells , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Rats , Saponins , Signal Transduction , Triterpenes
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873585

ABSTRACT

@#The objectives of the study were to screen prostaglandin E2 receptor 4 antagonist from active compounds of Baeckea frutescens L. and to explore its anti-rheumatoid arthritis effect.The HEK293T-EP4 cell antagonist screening model was established in vitro. Homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence (HTRF) technique was used to screen the active compounds of Baeckea frutescens L..SPF grade ICR male mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, methotrexate group, and Baeckea frutescens L.compound BF-2 (100, 50 and 25 mg/kg) groups. The collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model was established in vivo. The swelling volume of the toes of mice was measured, and the pathological examination was analyzed by staining with hematoxylin and eosin.SPF grade ICR mice, male, were randomly divided into control group, BF-2 (100, 50 and 25 mg/kg) group, and aspirin group.The acetic acid-induced body writhing test was observed.The EP4 in vitro antagonist screening model was successfully established.The preliminary screening results found that BF-2, BF-20, BF-11 and BF-12 had strong EP4 antagonistic activity [(102.11 ± 3.45)%, (90.31 ± 3.59)%, (75.72 ± 1.79)% and (76.84 ± 1.64)%], and BF-2 had the strongest antagonistic activity (IC50 = 0.99 ± 0.08 μg/mL).BF-2 could significantly inhibit the toe swelling of CIA mice, and relieve the degradation of articular cartilage matrix and inflammatory cell infiltration.At the same time, compared with the control group, the writhing times of the mice in each dose of BF-2 were significantly reduced.In this study, BF-2 of Baeckea frutescens L.was selected as an EP4 antagonist, which has potential anti-rheumatoid arthritis activity.

19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e8652, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055481

ABSTRACT

Glycemic variability (GV) may be linked to the development of diabetic complications by inducing inflammation, oxidative stress, and endothelial dysfunction. Flash glucose monitoring (FGM) provides a novel method of continuously monitoring interstitial glucose levels for up to 14 days. This study randomly assigned poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients treated with metformin and multiple daily injections of insulin (n=60) to either continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment or CSII in combination with liraglutide (CSII+Lira) treatment for 14 days during hospitalization. GV was assessed using a FGM system; weight and cardiometabolic biomarkers were also evaluated. The coefficient of variation was significantly reduced in the CSII+Lira group (P<0.001), while no significant change was observed in the CSII group. The changes differed significantly between the two groups in mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (P=0.004), standard deviation (P=0.006), and the percentage of time in the target range (4-10 mmol/L, P=0.005 and >10 mmol/L, P=0.028). The changes in mean of daily differences, interquartile range, and percentage of time in hypoglycemia (<3.3 mmol/L) and hyperglycemia (>13.9 mmol/L) identified by FGM showed no difference. Treatment with liraglutide increased serum adiponectin [33.5 (3.5, 47.7) pg/mL, P=0.003] and heme oxygenase-1 levels [0.4 (-0.0, 1.8) ng/mL, P=0.001] and reduced serum leptin levels [-2.8 (3.9) pg/mL, P<0.001]. Adding the glucagon-like peptide-1 analog liraglutide improved GV, weight, and some cardiometabolic risk markers. The FGM system is, therefore, shown to be a novel and useful method for glucose monitoring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Insulin Infusion Systems , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Liraglutide/administration & dosage , Hypoglycemic Agents/administration & dosage , Insulin/administration & dosage , Pilot Projects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905503

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the characteristics of electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectrum network of right hemisphere in patients with post-stroke aphasia (PSA) after left brain damaged. Methods:From December, 2018 to June, 2019, twelve PSA patients with left hemisphere injury were recruited and twelve healthy adults were matched as control group. China Rehabilitation Research Center aphasia examination (CRRCAE) was used to evaluated the linguistic function, and the EEG was collected. The functional connection characteristics of Alpha and Theta power spectrum were compared, and the correlation with language items was analyzed. Results:In PSA patients, the functional connection enhanced in Alpha and Theta frequency bands of central area, frontal, parietal and frontal-parietal joint areas, and decreased in Theta frequency bands of temporoparietal, parietal-occipital area, frontal, fronta-parietal and frontal central areas. The enhancement of alpha frequency functional connection from the right parietal occipital region to the central region was significantly correlated to the reduction of the expression ability (P < 0.05), while the weakening of theta frequency functional connection between the right parietal occipital region and the forehead and the center of the forehead was significantly correlated to the ability of speaking, reading, copying, dictation and calculation (r = -0.676~-0.717, P < 0.05). Conclusion:EEG power spectrum network can reflect the reorganization of right brain function network, and the change of right frontal parietal central network function connection may be closely related to PSA language injury and recovery.

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