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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2416-2422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937041

ABSTRACT

italic>Psidium guajava Linn. is an evergreen shrub or small tree of Psidium Linnaeus in the Myrtaceae family. One new glycoside (1) together with 3 known meroterpenoids (2-4) and 9 known glycosides (5-13) were isolated from the fruits of Psidium guajava Linn.. The structure of the new compound was elucidated by the spectroscopic data analysis of HR-ESIMS, 1D- and 2D-NMR, and it was named psiguaoside A (1). The known compounds were identified as guajadial (2), 4,5-diepipsidial A (3), psidial A (4), chrysin-8-C-β-D-glucoside (5), 2,6-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-benzophenone (6), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), quercetin-3-O-xyloside (8), guaijaverin (9), avicularin (10), guavinoside E (11), guavinoside B (12), guajaphenone A (13). In the bioactivity assay, compound 3 exhibited significant inhibitory activitiy of U87 with IC50 values of 8.379 μmol·L-1.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm is one of the most challenging aortic diseases. Open surgical repair remains constrained with considerable perioperative morbidity and mortality. The emergence of a hybrid approach utilizing visceral debranching with endovascular aneurysm repair has brought an alternative for high-risk patients. This study aimed to compare the short- and long-term outcomes between hybrid and open repairs in the treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms.@*METHODS@#In this retrospectively observational study, patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm treated in a single center between January 2008 and December 2019 were reviewed, of whom 11 patients with hybrid repair, and 18 patients with open repair were identified. Demographic characteristic, operative data, perioperative morbidity and mortality, freedom from reintervention, and long-term survival were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the hybrid repair group, the patients with dissection aneurysm, preoperative combined renal insufficiency, and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of 3 or more were significantly overwhelming than in the open repair group. The operation time of debranching hybrid repair was (445±85) min, and the intraoperative blood loss was (955±599) mL. There were 2 cases of complications in the early 30 days after surgery, without paraplegia, and 1 case died. The 30-day complication rate was 18.2%, and the 30-day mortality was 9.1%. The operation time of the patients with open repair was (560±245) min, and the intraoperative blood loss was (6 100±4 536) mL. Twelve patients had complications in the early 30 days after surgery, including 1 paraplegia and 4 deaths within 30 days. The 30-day complication rate was 66.7%, and the 30-day mortality was 22.2%. The bleeding volume in hybrid repair was significantly reduced compared with open repair (P < 0.001). Besides, the incidence of 30-day complications in hybrid surgery was significantly reduced (P=0.011). During the follow-up period, there were 4 reinterventions and 3 deaths in hybrid repair group. The 1-year, 5-year, and 10-year all-cause survival rates were 72%, 54%, and 29%, respectively. In open repair group, reintervention was performed in 1 case and 5 cases died, and the 1-year, 5-year, and 10-year all-cause survival rates were 81%, 71%, and 35%, respectively. There was no significant difference between hybrid repair and open repair in all-cause survival and aneurysm-specific survival.@*CONCLUSION@#Hybrid approach utilizing visceral debranching with endovascular aneurysm repair is a safe and effective surgical method for high-risk patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. The incidence of early postoperative complications and mortality is significantly reduced compared with traditional surgery, but the efficacy in the medium and long term still needs to be improved.


Subject(s)
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Humans , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 342-358, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929097

ABSTRACT

Central sensitization is essential in maintaining chronic pain induced by chronic pancreatitis (CP), but cortical modulation of painful CP remains elusive. Here, we examined the role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in the pathogenesis of abdominal hyperalgesia in a rat model of CP induced by intraductal administration of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS). TNBS treatment resulted in long-term abdominal hyperalgesia and anxiety in rats. Morphological data indicated that painful CP induced a significant increase in FOS-expressing neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) and ACC, and some FOS-expressing neurons in the NTS projected to the ACC. In addition, a larger portion of ascending fibers from the NTS innervated pyramidal neurons, the neural subpopulation primarily expressing FOS under the condition of painful CP, rather than GABAergic neurons within the ACC. CP rats showed increased expression of vesicular glutamate transporter 1, and increased membrane trafficking and phosphorylation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) subunit NR2B and the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid receptor (AMPAR) subunit GluR1 within the ACC. Microinjection of NMDAR and AMPAR antagonists into the ACC to block excitatory synaptic transmission significantly attenuated abdominal hyperalgesia in CP rats, which was similar to the analgesic effect of endomorphins injected into the ACC. Specifically inhibiting the excitability of ACC pyramidal cells via chemogenetics reduced both hyperalgesia and comorbid anxiety, whereas activating these neurons via optogenetics failed to aggravate hyperalgesia and anxiety in CP rats. Taken together, these findings provide neurocircuit, biochemical, and behavioral evidence for involvement of the ACC in hyperalgesia and anxiety in CP rats, as well as novel insights into the cortical modulation of painful CP, and highlights the ACC as a potential target for neuromodulatory interventions in the treatment of painful CP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anxiety/etiology , Chronic Pain/etiology , GABAergic Neurons , Gyrus Cinguli/metabolism , Hyperalgesia/metabolism , Pancreatitis, Chronic/pathology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/metabolism , Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid/toxicity
4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E059-E065, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920669

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the joint contact force, ligament tensile force and force transmission mode of foot internal structure in Down’s syndrome child (DSC) during standing. Methods The finite element models of foot were constructed based on CT image data from one DSC and one typically developing child (TDC). The models were validated by plantar pressure measurement during static standing. To simulate foot force during standing, the ground reaction force and the triceps surae force were applied as the loading condition. Contact pressure of the tibiotalar, talonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints, tensile force of the spring and plantar calcaneocuboid ligaments, and force transmission mode in transverse tarsal joints were calculated and analyzed. Results The finite element models of foot were validated to be reliable. Compared with the TDC, the DSC showed higher contact pressure at the tibiotalar joint and lower contact pressure at the talonavicular joint. The tensile force of spring and plantar calcaneocuboid ligaments of DSC was 10 times and 58 times of TDC, respectively. The forces transmitted through both mediate and lateral columns in DSC were lower than those in TDC. Conclusions Abnormal contact pressure of the tibiotalar joint, larger tensile force of midfoot ligaments and smaller force of the transverse tarsal joint were found in DSC during standing. The abnormal alteration of stress patterns in foot internal structure of DSC should be fully considered in clinical rehabilitation, so as to provide theoretical references for screening and making intervention plans for early rehabilitation, as well as designing individualized orthopedic insoles.

5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 137-146, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935988

ABSTRACT

Objective: To isolate and purify a bacteriophage against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and to analyze its genomic information and biological characteristics. Methods: The experimental research methods were adopted. MRSA (hereinafter referred to as host bacteria) solution was collected from the wound of a 63-year-old female patient with the median sternum incision infection admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University). The bacteriophage, named bacteriophage SAP23 was isolated and purified from the sewage of the Hospital by sewage co-culture method and double-layer agar plate method, and the plaque morphology was observed. The morphology of bacteriophage SAP23 was observed by transmission electron microscope after phosphotungstic acid negative staining. The whole genome of bacteriophage SAP23 was sequenced with NovaSeq PE15 platform after its DNA was prepared by sodium dodecyl sulfonate/protease cleavage scheme, and genomic analysis including sequence assembly, annotation, and phylogenetic tree were completed. The bacteriophage SAP23 solution was co-incubated with the host bacterial solution for 4 h at the multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 10.000 0, 1.000 0, 0.100 0, 0.010 0, 0.001 0, and 0.000 1, respectively, and then the bacteriophage titer was measured by the drip plate method to select the optimal MOI, with here and the following sample numbers of 3. The bacteriophage SAP23 solution was co-incubated with the host bacterial solution at the optimal MOI for 5, 10, and 15 min, respectively, and the bacteriophage titer was measured by the same method as mentioned above to select the optimal adsorption time. After the bacteriophage SAP23 solution was co-incubated with the host bacterial solution at the optimal MOI for the optimal adsorption time, the bacteriophage titers were measured by the same method as mentioned above at 0 (immediately), 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, and 120 min after culture, respectively, and a one-step growth curve was drawn. The bacteriophage SAP23 solution was incubated at 4, 37, 50, 60, 70, and 80 ℃ and pH 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 for 1 h, respectively, to determine its stability. A total of 41 MRSA strains stored in the Department of Microbiology of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University) were used to determine the host spectrum of bacteriophage SAP23. Results: The bacteriophage SAP23 could form a transparent plaque on the host bacteria double-layer agar plate. The bacteriophage SAP23 has a polyhedral head with (88±4) nm in diameter and a tail with (279±21) nm in length and (22.6±2.6) nm in width. The bacteriophage SAP23 has a linear, double-stranded DNA with a full length of 151 618 bp and 11 681 bp long terminal repeats sequence in the sequence ends. There were 220 open reading frames predicted and the bacteriophage could encode 4 transfer RNAs, while no resistance genes or virulence factors were found. The annotation function of bacteriophage SAP23 genes could be divided into 5 groups. The GenBank accession number was MZ427930. According to the genomic collinearity analysis, there were 5 local collinear blocks in the whole genome between the bacteriophage SAP23 and the chosen 6 Staphylococcus bacteriophages, while within or outside the local collinear region, there were still some differences. The bacteriophage SAP23 belonged to the Herelleviridae family, Twortvirinae subfamily, and Kayvirus genus. The optimal MOI of bacteriophage SAP23 was 0.010 0, and the optimal adsorption time was 10 min. The bacteriophage SAP23 had a latent period of 20 min, and a growth phase of 80 min. The bacteriophage SAP23 was able to remain stable at the temperature between 4 and 37 ℃ and at the pH values between 4 and 9. The bacteriophage SAP23 could lyse 3 of the 41 tested MRSA strains. Conclusions: The bacteriophage SAP23 is a member of the Herelleviridae family, Twortvirinae subfamily, and Kayvirus genus. The bacteriophage SAP23 has a good tolerance for temperature and acid-base and a short latent period, and can lyse MRSA effectively. The bacteriophage SAP23 is a new type of potent narrow-spectrum bacteriophage without virulence factors and resistance genes.


Subject(s)
Bacteriophages/genetics , Genomics , Humans , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Middle Aged , Phylogeny , Sternum
6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 495-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935892

ABSTRACT

Objective: To screen and analyze the factors affecting the prognosis of replacing single missing tooth by autograft tooth, so as to provide reference for clinical judgment of surgical prognosis. Methods: A total of 176 patients (188 teeth) underwent autotransplantation of teeth in the Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University from January 2017 to December 2019, including 85 teeth of males and 103 teeth of females were involved. The age was (33.0±9.8) years (16-65 years). The possible factors affecting the prognosis of replacing single missing tooth by autograft tooth were summarized and grouped, and the clinical and imaging data were recorded and judged. The surgical records and photographic data from the patients' previous medical records were retrospectively analyzed. The survival analysis method was used for statistical analysis to screen out the factors affecting the cumulative survival rate of transplanted teeth. Results: The 5-year cumulative survival rate of 188 transplanted teeth was 88.4%. Univariate Log-Rank analysis showed that age (P<0.001), sex (P=0.008), smoking (P<0.001), position of recipient area (P<0.001), height of alveolar bone in recipient area (P<0.001), time of donor tooth in vitro (P<0.001), use of donor model (P<0.001) and initial stability (P<0.001) were significantly correlated with cumulative survival rate of transplanted teeth. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that smoking (β=-2.812, P=0.049), alveolar bone height (β=1.521, P=0.020), donor time (β=-2.001, P=0.019), use of donor model (β=1.666, P=0.034) and initial stability (β=-1.417, P=0.033) were significantly correlated with the cumulative survival rate of transplanted teeth. Conclusions: The prognosis of autogenous tooth transplantation can be predicted by smoking, height of alveolar bone in recipient area, time of donor teeth in vitro, use of donor model and initial stability. Good prognosis of transplanted teeth can be obtained by using donor model during operation, reducing the time of donor teeth in vitro, taking effective methods to restore alveolar bone height, maintaining good initial stability, and good oral health education after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tooth/transplantation , Tooth Loss , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 395-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935227

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct the diagnostic model of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and precancerous lesions in endoscopic images based on the YOLOv5l model by using deep learning method of artificial intelligence to improve the diagnosis of early ESCC and precancerous lesions under endoscopy. Methods: 13, 009 endoscopic esophageal images of white light imaging (WLI), narrow band imaging (NBI) and lugol chromoendoscopy (LCE) were collected from June 2019 to July 2021 from 1, 126 patients at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, including low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, ESCC limited to the mucosal layer, benign esophageal lesions and normal esophagus. By computerized random function method, the images were divided into a training set (11, 547 images from 1, 025 patients) and a validation set (1, 462 images from 101 patients). The YOLOv5l model was trained and constructed with the training set, and the model was validated with the validation set, while the validation set was diagnosed by two senior and two junior endoscopists, respectively, to compare the diagnostic results of YOLOv5l model and those of the endoscopists. Results: In the validation set, the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the YOLOv5l model in diagnosing early ESCC and precancerous lesions in the WLI, NBI and LCE modes were 96.9%, 87.9%, 98.3%, 88.8%, 98.1%, and 98.6%, 89.3%, 99.5%, 94.4%, 98.2%, and 93.0%, 77.5%, 98.0%, 92.6%, 93.1%, respectively. The accuracy in the NBI model was higher than that in the WLI model (P<0.05) and lower than that in the LCE model (P<0.05). The diagnostic accuracies of YOLOv5l model in the WLI, NBI and LCE modes for the early ESCC and precancerous lesions were similar to those of the 2 senior endoscopists (96.9%, 98.8%, 94.3%, and 97.5%, 99.6%, 91.9%, respectively; P>0.05), but significantly higher than those of the 2 junior endoscopists (84.7%, 92.9%, 81.6% and 88.3%, 91.9%, 81.2%, respectively; P<0.05). Conclusion: The constructed YOLOv5l model has high accuracy in diagnosing early ESCC and precancerous lesions in endoscopic WLI, NBI and LCE modes, which can assist junior endoscopists to improve diagnosis and reduce missed diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Endoscopy/methods , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Narrow Band Imaging , Precancerous Conditions/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1252-1256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934993

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect and mechanism of matrix metalloproteinase(MMPs)inhibitor AG3340 on the migration and invasion ability of retinal pigment epithelial cells-19(ARPE-19)cultured in high glucose(CHG). METHODS: ARPE-19 cells cultured in vitro were divided into four groups: Control group, the glucose at the concentration of 5.6mmol/L in DMEM/F12 medium; HG group, the glucose at the concentration of 30mmol/L was cultured with DMEM/F12 medium; HG+AG3340 group, the cells were pretreated with AG3340 for 12h, and then cultured in DMEM/F12 medium containing 30mmol/L glucose; The mannitol(MA)group, cultured with DMEM/F12 medium of 5.6mmol/L glucose and 24.4mmol/L mannitol, which used as hypertonic control group. The migration ability of cells was detected by wound healing assay, the invasion ability of cells was detected by Transwell assay, and the relative expression levels of MMP-9, MMP-2, fibronectin and collagen Ⅳ were detected by Western blot.RESULTS: The results of wound healing assay showed that compared with the Control group, the cell migration rate of scratching after 24h and 48h in the HG group was significantly increased(all P<0.001).After pretreated by AG3340, the cell migration rate was significantly lower than that in the HG group(all P<0.01).Transwell assay showed that compared with the Control group, the number of cell invasion in the HG group was significantly higher than that in the Control group(all P<0.001). After pretreated by AG3340, the number of cell invasion was decreased than the HG group(all P<0.01). Western blot results showed that compared with the Control group, the relative expression levels of MMP-9 and MMP-2 of the cells in the HG group were increased, and the relative expression levels of Fibronectin and Collagen Ⅳ were decreased(all P<0.001). Compared with the HG group, the relative expression levels of MMP-9 and MMP-2 protein in AG3340 pretreatment group were decreased, and the relative expression levels of Fibronectin and Collagen Ⅳ were increased(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: High glucose induced ARPE-19 cells with enhanced migration and invasion ability, and AG3340 partially reversed this effect, which was related to the inhibition of MMP-9 and MMP-2 expression and the stability of extra-cellular matrix components.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934555

ABSTRACT

In the case of public emergency, cross regional and institutional deployment of health technicians as a contingency measure is imperative in alleviating the shortage of medical resources and improving the medical capacity in the location of emergency. The authors rounded up common modes of such deployment, namely independent deployment of a complete organization, deployment by job division for individual responsibility, deployment of individuals joining in a cooperative action, and that of expert guidance. In practice, the emergency deployment of health technicians was faced with serial challenges, such as their mobility, interoperability, professionalism, economy and persistence. To improve the performance of emergency deployment, it is necessary to strengthen the routine emergency skill reserve and simulation drill, to formulate " wartime" joint diagnosis and treatment decision-making rules, to build high-level health emergency teams, to establish and improve a complete, flexible and orderly deployment mechanism of such human resources, and to improve the honor award and reward system for health emergency personnel.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 111-118, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934139

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of serum pyrrole-protein-adduct (PPA) in evaluating the severity and predicting the anticoagulant efficacy in patients with pyrrolidine alkaloid-related hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (PA-HSOS).Methods:From April 2018 to December 2019, the data of 48 patients with PA-HSOS admitted and treated at Drum Tower Hospital, Affiliated Medical College of Nangjing University were collected, which included PPA level, portal vein velocity (PVV), ascites grading, PA-HSOS severity grading (according to the new severity grading criteria for suspected hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome in adults by the European Society of Blood and Bone Marrow Transplantation and adjusted) and the outcome of anticoagulation. Patients with acute onset (onset of symptoms within 1 month after consuming pyrrolizidine alkaloid-containing plants) were taken as research subjects. The combination of PPA with PVV or with ascites classification of PA-HSOS severity assessment model was fitted by logistic regression, and the logit values of 2 combination models were calculated, the formula was logit 1=0.034×PPA(nmol/L)+ 0.055×PVV(cm/s)-3.287, logit 2=0.039×PPA(nmol/L)-2.712×ascites grade 2 (Yes=1, No=0)-0.388×ascites grade 3 (Yes=1, No=0)-0.899. The patients received initial anticoagulation therapy at Drum Tower Hospital, Affiliated Medical College of Nanjing University were selected as research subjects. The anticoagulant efficacy prediction model of combination of PPA with serum creatinine (SCR) and with hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) was fitted by logistic regression, and the logit value was calculated, the formula was logit 3=0.013×PPA(nmol/L)+ 0.064×SCR (mol/L)+ 0.542×HVPG (mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)-16.005. The predictive value of PPA in evaluating the severity of PA-HSOS and anticoagulant efficacy was evaluated. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed for statistical analysis. Results:The serum PPA level of 48 patients was 10.81 nmol/L (3.91 nmol/L, 32.04 nmol/L). Among them, 33 cases (68.8%) were mild PA-HSOS, 3 cases (6.2%) were moderate PA-HSOS, no severe PA-HSOS case and 12 cases (25.0%) were very severe PA-HSOS. Among 23 patients received initial anticoagulant therapy at Drum Tower Hospital, Affiliated Medical College of Nanjing University and with complete data, 8 patients responded and survived, and 15 patients did not respond (5 patients died, 1 patient relieved after continue anticoagulant therapy, and 9 patients survived after switching to anticoagulant therapy and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) treatment). One patient without initial anticoagulant therapy, survived after TIPS treatment because of the progress of the disease. Area under the curve (AUC) of PPA to assess the severity of acute onset PA-HSOS was 0.75, 95% confidence interval ( CI) was 0.52 to 0.98 ( P=0.047). When PPA≥45.519 nmol/L, the specificity and sensitivity in evaluating severe and very severe PA-HSOS was 100.0% and 57.1%, respectively. AUC of combination of PPA and PVV to assess the severity of PA-HSOS was 0.77, 95% CI was 0.55 to 1.00 ( P=0.032). When the logit of combination model≥0.180, the specificity and sensitivity in evaluating severe and very severe PA-HSOS was 71.4% and 81.8%, respectively. AUC of combination of PPA and ascites grade (grade 1, 2 or 3) to assess the severity of PA-HSOS was 0.85, 95% CI was 0.63 to 1.00 ( P=0.005). When the logit of combination model≥0.347, the specificity and sensitivity in evaluating severe and very severe PA-HSOS was 85.7% and 92.0%, respectively. AUC of combination of PPA, SCR and HVPG to predict anticoagulation efficacy was 0.85, 95% CI was 0.69 to 1.00 ( P=0.009). When the logit≥0.393, the specificity and sensitivity in predicting anticoagulation efficacy was 62.5% and 91.7%, respectively. Conclusions:PPA can be used to assess the severity of acute onset PA-HSOS patients, and combined with ascites grading can significantly improve its efficiency. PPA combined with SCR and HVPG can better predict anticoagulant efficacy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the regular endoscopic therapy for esophageal and gastric variceal bleeding (EGVB) in patients with liver cirrhosis.Methods:A total of 305 patients of EGVB with liver cirrhosis who received endoscopic hemostasis in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital between January 2015 and January 2018 were included in the retrospective cohort study. Patients were divided into the regular endoscopic treatment group ( n=145) and the irregular endoscopic treatment group ( n=160). The primary outcome measure was rebleeding rate, and the secondary outcome measures were follow-up time, rebleeding interval and rebleeding mortality. Results:There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender composition, average age, etiology composition, the cause of disease under or out of control, liver reserve function, or administration of non-selective β-blockers ( P>0.05), and the baseline data were comparable. The rebleeding rate was 11.7% (17/145) in the regular endoscopic treatment group and 41.9% (67/160) in the irregular endoscopic treatment group ( χ2=38.74, P<0.001). The follow-up time, rebleeding intervals and mortalies of rebleeding in the regular endoscopic treatment group and the irregular endoscopic treatment group were 28.14±11.11 months and 21.10±12.37 months ( t=5.21, P<0.001), 12.0 (6.0, 23.0) months and 1.0 (1.0, 6.0) months ( U=164.00, P<0.001), and 1.4% (2/145) and 10.6% (17/160) ( χ2=11.13, P=0.001), respectively. Conclusion:Compared with irregular endoscopic treatment, regular endoscopic treatment of EGVB in patients with liver cirrhosis has more clinical significance, which can significantly reduce the rebleeding rate, prolong the rebleeding interval, and reduce the mortality of rebleeding.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 138-139, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933178

ABSTRACT

Synovial sarcoma is a soft tissue malignancy of unknown origin which usually occurs around the joints of the extremities, but rarely detected in the kidneys. A case of primary synovial sarcoma of the kidney was reported, which was preoperatively diagnosed as a malignant tumor of the right kidney for intermittent gross hematuria. After the laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, primary renal synovial sarcoma was confirmed by pathological examination. The patient refused further treatment, and there was no recurrence or metastasis during the 13 months of follow-up.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 156-163, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932818

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects of bridge combined internal fixation system and locking plate system in treating closed humeral shaft fracture.Methods:From August 2017 to August 2020, there were 45 patients with closed humeral shaft fracture treated with surgery. Bridge combined internal fixation system were performed in 19 patients (bridge combined group, aged 38.3±11.9, range 21-72 years), including 13 males and 6 females. Further, there were 26 patients underwent locking plate system (locking plate group, aged 41.2±14.7, range 20-79 years), including 20 males and 6 females. The operation was performed by minimal invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis with fixators. The patients were followed up every 4 weeks. The fracture healing condition was recorded. Shoulder function was assessed according to University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder rating scale and elbow function was assessed according to Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS).Results:The follow-up duration of all patients were 14.2±4.7 (range 10-32) months. All wound were healed completely. The operation duration in bridge combined group (68.1±12.5 min) was longer than that in locking plate group (56.3±11.6 min) ( t=3.32, P=0.002). The blood loss of bridge combined group and locking plate group were 112.6±20.2 ml and 104.2±14.1 ml, respectively ( t=1.65, P=0.107). The volume of drainage of bridge combined group was 68.4±16.2 ml and that of locking plate group was 73.1±14.9 ml ( t=1.00, P=0.323). The hospitalization time of bridge combined group was 9.7±2.3 d and the locking plate group was 9.4±1.9 d ( t=0.57, P=0.573). All above parameters had no statistical significance between the two groups. Fracture nonunion occurred in 1 of 19 patients in bridge combined group. The fracture healing time was 15.3±4.3 weeks in another 18 cases, while that of locking plate group was 15.9±3.9 weeks ( t=0.47, P=0.638). At 4-weeks postoperative follow-up, the UCLA shoulder score (18.1±3.9) and the MEPS (55.4±6.8) of bridge combined group were lower than those of locking plate group ( P<0.05). At 8-weeks postoperative follow-up, the shoulder score (26.2±4.3) and the MEPS (70.9±6.5) of bridge combined group were lower than those of locking plate group ( P<0.05). At 12-weeks postoperative follow-up, the UCLA shoulder score (33.6±1.0) and the MEPS (91.0±3.7) of bridge combined group had no statistical difference with those of locking plate group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The bridge combined internal fixation system could provide personalized and multidimensional fixation according to the fracture type. The clinical effects of bridge combined internal fixation system on humeral shaft fracture are similar to the locking plate system at 12 weeks postoperatively. However, the operation duration of bridge combined system is longer and with increased the risk of nonunion.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 515-523, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate changes of large-scale motor and cognition related networks′ function in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their relationship with corresponding clinical symptoms using independent component analysis combined with dual regression.Methods:Forty-six ALS patients (ALS group) who were treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2014 to June 2016 were prospectively collected, and 40 gender- and age-matched normal controls (control group) were recruited. All the participants completed the motor and multi-dimensional cognitive function evaluation[including Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCa), Semantic Fluency (SVF), Phonological Fluency (PVF), Digital Span Forward (DS_F), Digital Span backward (DS_B), frontal assessment battery (FAB), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) for classification accuracy, classification error, persistent response classification, persistent error response classification, non-persistent error classification and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA)]. The resting-state MRI data of all subjects were collected, and independent component analysis was carried out with multivariate interpretation linear optimization independent component decomposition. Dual regression analysis was performed to compare network differences between groups based on voxel level in sensorimotor network (SMN), default mode network (DMN) and frontal-parietal control network (FPCN). Multivariate covariance analysis was used to evaluate the differences of different cognitive function indexes between ALS group and normal control group, the comparison of brain network differences between the two groups was performed by nonparametric permutation test, corrected by family-wise error (FWE), P<0.008 as the statistical threshold; partial correlation and multiple linear regression were used to evaluate the relationship between changes in functional connectivity of different brain regions and cognitive functions. Results:The scores of MMSE, MoCa, SVF, PVF, DS_B, and classification accuracy were lower, while the number of error classifications, the non-persistent error classifications, HAMD and HAMA scores were higher in patients with ALS group than those in control group ( P<0.05). After adjusting for gender and age, there was no significant difference in the SMN between ALS group and control group (FWE correction, P>0.008). Compared with control group, patients with ALS showed increased functional connectivity in the left ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) of the DMN, and decreased functional connectivity in the right anterior cingulate gyrus (ACC), the right posterior cingulate gyrus, the left inferior parietal lobule and the left inferior temporal gyrus of the FPCN (FWE correction, P<0.008). Increased functional connectivity of the vmPFC in ALS patients was negatively correlated with MoCa score ( r=-0.565, P<0.001), FAB score ( r=-0.373, P=0.015) and the classification accuracy of WCST ( r=-0.478, P=0.002), SVF ( r=-0.458, P=0.002) scores, and was positively correlated with the number of error classifications and HAMA scores ( r=0.416, P=0.007; r=0.388, P=0.011). Decreased functional connectivity were detected in multiple brain regions of FPCN, and the functional connectivity of the ACC was positively correlated with the DS_F ( r=0.341, P=0.027) and MMSE ( r=0.351, P=0.023). The effect of increased vmPFC functional connectivity accounted for 49.6% changes on MoCa score; 35.2% and 34.2% for FAB and HAMA respectively. While the impact of increased functional connectivity in the vmPFC was less than 30% on classification accuracy, classification error of WCST and SVF. The reduced functional connectivity in the ACC accounted for 37.7% impact on the DS_F score. Conclusions:Large-scale brain network changes are dominated by the frontotemporal core brain regions in ALS patients. DMN and FPCN network changes are closely related to the clinical cognitive performance of ALS patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931568

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of modified acute aortic dissection risk score in the early diagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AAD).Methods:The general, clinical, and imaging data of 162 patients who complained of chest and back pain who received treatment between January 2019 and January 2021 in the Department of Emergency, The Second Hospital of Jiaxing, China were collected for this study. The included patients were divided into control (non-AAD, n = 120) and observation (AAD, n = 42) groups according to whether they were diagnosed with AAD. The indexes with statistical significance between the two groups were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis. A score table was established according to the size of OR value. The modified AAD risk score was predicted using the receiver operating curve. Results:Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that male sex, family history, sudden severe chest and back pain, bilateral blood pressure asymmetry, hypertension, abnormal ultrasound, and D-dimer level were independent risk factors for the diagnosis of AAD (statistical values = 7.84, 6.96, 7.04, 11.38, 7.12, 8.15, 15.07, 9.11, all P < 0.05). Taking the total score of 5 as the prediction standard, the specificity and sensitivity in the prediction of the occurrence of AAD were 84.94% and 95.43%, respectively. The area under the receiver operating curve regarding the modified AAD risk score was 0.909. Conclusion:The modified AAD risk score can be used to conveniently and quickly predict the occurrence of AAD and has a high predictive value. This study is highly innovative and scientific.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931327

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the application effect of simulation medicine teaching in clinical practice teaching of respiratory department.Methods:A total of 96 five-year undergraduate students of clinical medicine specialty from Batch 2018 were randomized into in two groups in average. The traditional teaching group conducted bedside teaching according to traditional teaching outline, and the simulation medicine group used simulated medical teaching method. The performances of theoretical knowledge and skill operations and the teaching satisfaction with the department were evaluated between the two groups. SPSS 22.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:There was no significant difference in theoretical knowledge between the two groups, but the results of skill operation test and satisfaction with the department of the simulation medicine group were significantly better than those of the traditional teaching group, and the difference was statistically significant [(80.92±5.99) vs. (87.71±4.95), P<0.050; χ2=26.14, P<0.05]. Conclusion:Simulation medicine teaching is better than traditional teaching in clinical practice teaching of respiratory department, which can improve students' clinical skills and operation level, cultivate good clinical thinking for students, and improve their learning interests.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1163-1167, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929499

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effects of the specific simulated luminous environment on the visual performance of people with different vision, so as to provide an experimental basis for revising pilots' vision standards. METHODS: A controlled randomized trial was conducted. Twenty-four volunteers were recruited and divided into four groups(1.0/1.0, 0.8/0.8, 0.6/0.6 and 0.4/0.4, decimal vision)according to right/left eye visual acuity, with six subjects in each group. Each subject was tested for static distant vision, kinetic visual acuity, color vision, depth perception error and visual search time under the simulated luminous environments of sunlight, twilight, and on-cloud, respectively, to compare changes in the impact of distinctive luminous surroundings on the visual performance indicators of human beings with different vision.RESULTS: There were main effect differences in static distant vision, kinetic visual acuity, color error, depth perception error and visual search time under different light environments(all P&#x003C;0.01). The binocular static distant visual acuity, abilities of color discrimination, depth perception and visual search in simulated sunlight environment were higher than those in simulated twilight and on-cloud environments. In the 0.4/0.4 vision group, kinetic vision in simulated twilight and on-cloud environments were significantly lower than that in simulated sunlight environment(P&#x003C;0.01). There were main effect differences in binocular static distant vision, kinetic visual acuity, depth perception error and visual search time among subjects with different vision(all P&#x003C;0.05). Compared with 1.0/1.0 vision group, those with 0.6/0.6 and 0.4/0.4 vision had significant decrease in kinetic visual acuity, depth perception ability and visual search ability(all P&#x003C;0.05). CONCLUSION: Different luminous environments have a great impact on the visual performance of people with low vision, which poses a potential threat to flight safety.

18.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 96-103, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929210

ABSTRACT

The term Jingluo, translated as meridian or channel, is a core component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and has played a fundamental role in guiding the clinical practice of acupuncture for thousands of years. However, the essence of the meridian remains elusive and is a source of both confusion and debate for researchers. In this study, a "4D" systemic view on the essence of the meridian, namely substantial, functional, chronological, and cultural dimensions, was proposed based on a review of the ancient medical classics, recent research developments, and results from clinical practice. Previous studies have primarily focused on the substantial dimension of the meridian system, with scant interpretation about its functional domain. Neither systemic data nor evaluations have been adequately documented. Additionally, a limited but increasing number of studies have focused on the chronological and cultural dimensions. More investigations that embody the holistic concept of TCM and integrate the systemic modes and advanced techniques with dominant diseases of TCM need to be performed to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the essence of meridians. The goal of this study is to yield useful information in understanding the essence of meridians and provide a reference and perspective for further research.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940943

ABSTRACT

Currently, the national schistosomiasis control program of China is moving from transmission interruption to elimination, and there are multiple challenges during the stage moving towards the progression of schistosomiasis elimination, including a high difficulty in shrinking snail-infested areas, unstable achievements for infectious source control, imperfect surveillance system and a reduction in schistosomiasis control and administration. Based on the core suggestions proposed in the 2022 WHO guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis, recommendations on schistosomiasis surveillance system building, development of novel diagnostics, adjustment of the schistosomiasis control strategy and maintaining and improvements of the schistosomiasis control capability are proposed for the national schistosomiasis control program of China in the new era according to the actual status of schistosomiasis control in China. Formulation of the national schistosomiasis control strategy and goal from One Health perspective, verification of transmission interruption and elimination of schistosomiasis, precision implementation of schistosomiasis control interventions with adaptations to local circumstances, development and application of highly sensitive and specific diagnostics are recommended for elimination of schistosomiasis in China. In addition, the implementation of the 2022 WHO guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis may guide the elimination of schistosomiasis in China.


Subject(s)
Animals , China/epidemiology , Goals , Humans , Schistosomiasis/prevention & control , Snails , World Health Organization
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939606

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the neurotoxicity induced by trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and the possible protective mechanisms of boron (B). Mouse BV2 cells were treated with TCA (0, 0.39, 0.78, 1.56, 3.12, 6.25, or 12.5 mmol/L) and B (0, 7.8, 15.6, 31.25, 62.5, 125, 500, or 1,000 mmol/L) for 3 h and 24 h, respectively. Then, reactive oxygen species, and supernatant proinflammatory cytokine and protein levels were analyzed after 24 h of combined exposure. Beyond the dose-dependent decrease in the cellular viability, it clearly increased after B supplementation ( P < 0.05). Moreover, B decreased oxidative damage, and significantly down-regulated IL-6 levels and up-regulated TNF-β production ( P < 0.05). B also decreased apoptosis via the p53 pathway. The present findings indicated that TCA may induce oxidative damage, whereas B mitigates these adverse effects by decreasing cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Boron/toxicity , Mice , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Trichloroacetic Acid/toxicity , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
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