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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 211-214, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879726

ABSTRACT

We performed this study to evaluate the clinical outcomes of microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI) treatment that used fresh or cryopreserved sperm in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). A total of 338 NOA patients with 344 consecutive cycles received treatment in the reproductive medicine center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. Fresh oocytes and fresh sperm were used in 222 patients with 234 cycles (Group A). Fresh oocytes and cryopreserved sperm were used in 116 patients with 110 cycles (Group B). We compared patient characteristics, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes between Groups A and B. There was no statistical difference in the patient characteristics, and no differences were observed with fertilization or quality embryo rates between Groups A and B. The rates of clinical pregnancy and live birth were both higher for Group A than those for Group B (both P < 0.05). In conclusion, fresh testicular sperm appears to produce better ICSI outcomes than cryopreserved testicular sperm in patients with NOA.

2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 59-63, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879704

ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to compare the sperm retrieval rates (SRRs) and clinical outcomes of patients with different causes of azoospermia who underwent microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI). We conducted a retrospective study at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. This study examined 769 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent 347 cycles of micro-TESE-ICSI. Patients with azoospermia were classified into Group A (Klinefelter syndrome, n = 284, 125 cycles), Group B (azoospermia Y chromosome factor c [AZFc] microdeletion, n = 91, 64 cycles), Group C (cryptorchidism, n = 52, 39 cycles), Group D (previous mumps and bilateral orchitis, n = 23, 23 cycles), and Group E (idiopathic azoospermia, n = 319, 96 cycles). Clinical characteristics, SRR, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes of the patients were compared between all groups. Patients in Group D had the highest and most successful SRR. The average SRR for all patients was 46.0%. The rates of clinical pregnancy, implantation, and live birth in Group D were 78.3%, 65.0%, and 74.0%, respectively, which were higher than those in all other groups (P 0.05). Patients with orchitis had the highest SRR and best clinical outcomes. Although AZFc microdeletion patients had a higher SRR, their clinical outcomes were worse.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909482

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between social and linguistic parenting behaviors and developing capability of children with autism.Methods:From August 2020 to December 2020, the social and linguistic parenting behaviors of 302 parents of children diagnosed with autism were investigated in the outpatient department of the hospital.Meanwhile, the data of Gesell scale for children, the social life competence scale for infant and junior middle school students, the autism behavior checklist and the Cancy autism behavior scale were collected.SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent sample t test and analysis of variance were used to compare the social and linguistic parenting behaviors of different parents.Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the social and linguistic parenting behaviors of parents and children's developmental ability and symptom severity. Results:There were no statistically significant differences in children's social and language development parenting behavior between father and mother ( t=1.033, P=0.303; t=-0.312, P=0.756). There were no statistically significant differences in children's social and linguistic parenting behaviors between fathers of different age groups ( F=1.425, P=0.244; F=1.127, P=0.345). Among mothers of different age groups, the social parenting behaviors of <30 years old and 30-34 years old groups were significantly better than those of 35-39 years old group ( F=3.374, P=0.019; LSD: P=0.010, P=0.006). Among fathers, the social parenting behavior( F=4.346, P=0.008; LSD: P=0.020, P=0.001) and social + linguistic parenting behavior in the graduate group and college group were significantly better than those in the high school/vocational group( F=3.965, P=0.012; LSD: P=0.020, P=0.002). Among mothers, the social parenting behavior ( F=2.812, P=0.040; LSD: P=0.008, P=0.023, P=0.009), linguistic parenting behavior ( F=3.769, P=0.011; LSD: P=0.010, P=0.025, P=0.001), social + linguistic parenting behavior ( F=3.654, P=0.013; LSD: P=0.005, P=0.015, P=0.002) in graduate and above groups were significantly better than those in college group, high school/vocational group, junior high school and below groups.The scores of social parenting behavior(40.72±6.80), linguistic parenting behavior(27.20±5.22), and social + linguistic parenting behavior(67.92±11.10) were significantly correlated with children’s fine motor(61.75±16.41)( r=0.193, P=0.001; r=0.153, P=0.009; r=0.190, P=0.001), cognition(68.28±16.83)( r=0.231, P=0.000; r=0.186, P=0.001; r=0.229, P=0.000), language(53.01±18.55) ( r=0.262, P=0.000; r=0.305, P=0.000; r=0.304, P=0.000) and social self-care(61.44±17.85) ( r=0.264, P=0.000; r=0.238, P=0.000; r=0.274, P=0.000). The scores of linguistic parenting behavior and social + linguistic parenting behavior were correlated with children's social life ability (8.65±0.89) ( r=0.142, P=0.046; r=0.140, P=0.049). There was no significant correlation between social parenting behavior, linguistic parenting behavior, social + linguistic parenting behavior and the scores of ABC scale (50.53±21.39) ( r=-0.089, P=0.336; r=-0.115, P=0.215; r=-0.107, P=0.250) and CABS scale (13.96±4.54) ( r=-0.050, P=0.490; r=-0.059, P=0.411; r=-0.058, P=0.421). Conclusions:The social and linguistic parenting behaviors are related to their age and educational level, and are significantly correlated to developing capability of children with autism, but have nothing to do with the severity of children's symptoms.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 226-229, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923243

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and risk factors of hyperuricemia in male pilots.METHODS: By using the convenient sampling method, 1 561 male pilots were selected as the study subjects. Among them, 678 patients with hyperuricemia were taken as the observation group, and 883 pilots without hyperuricemia were taken as the control group. The incidence of hyperuricemia in the two groups was compared. RESULTS: The prevalence of hyperuricemia in male pilots was 43.4%(678/1 561). The pilots in the observation group had higher body mass index(BMI), higher triglyceride(TG), lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C), higher mixed hyperlipidemia and higher non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD)(all P<0.05) compared with the control group. The result of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high BMI, high TG, high LDL-C and NAFLD were the risk factors for hyperuricemia in male pilots(odds ratios were 1.517, 1.559, 1.384 and 1.782, respectively, all P<0.01), while age≥40 was a protective factor for hyperuricemia(odds ratio was 0.593, P<0.01).CONCLUSION: The prevalence of hyperuricemia in male pilots is relatively high. The prevention and treatment of hyperuricemia in pilots should be strengthened.

5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1314-1324, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922627

ABSTRACT

The exacerbation of progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) is closely associated with obstruction of the differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs). To discover novel therapeutic compounds for enhancing remyelination by endogenous OPCs, we screened for myelin basic protein expression using cultured rat OPCs and a library of small-molecule compounds. One of the most effective drugs was pinocembrin, which remarkably promoted OPC differentiation and maturation without affecting cell proliferation and survival. Based on these in vitro effects, we further assessed the therapeutic effects of pinocembrin in animal models of demyelinating diseases. We demonstrated that pinocembrin significantly ameliorated the progression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and enhanced the repair of demyelination in lysolectin-induced lesions. Further studies indicated that pinocembrin increased the phosphorylation level of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Taken together, our results demonstrated that pinocembrin promotes OPC differentiation and remyelination through the phosphorylated mTOR pathway, and suggest a novel therapeutic prospect for this natural flavonoid product in treating demyelinating diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Flavanones , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myelin Sheath/metabolism , Oligodendroglia/metabolism , Rats , Remyelination , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 621-626, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922367

ABSTRACT

This retrospective study demonstrates the clinical outcomes of patients with nonmosaic Klinefelter's syndrome (KS) who underwent preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) with frozen-thawed testicular spermatozoa. Microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) was performed for sperm retrieval. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was conducted for embryo analysis. A total of 18 couples aged ≤35 years were included, and 22 oocyte retrieval cycles were completed. Euploidy was detected in 29 of 45 (64.4%) embryos. Additionally, the numbers of aneuploid and mosaic embryos detected were 8 (17.8%) and 8 (17.8%), respectively, regardless of a lack of sex chromosome abnormalities. Finally, 13 couples with euploid embryos completed 14 frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles. Ten couples had clinical pregnancies, and 6 of them had already delivered 5 healthy babies and 1 monozygotic twin. There were also 4 ongoing pregnancies and 2 biochemical pregnancies, but no early pregnancy loss was reported. Based on our results, we speculate that for KS patients, when sperm can be obtained by micro-TESE, the cryopreservation strategy makes the ovarian stimulation procedure more favorable for female partners. The paternal genetic risk of sex chromosome abnormalities in their offspring is extremely low in men with KS. In addition to PGT, the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedure is comparably effective but more economical for young nonmosaic KS couples. ICSI should be offered as an option for such couples, but monitoring by prenatal genetic diagnosis is recommended.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods , Humans , Klinefelter Syndrome/therapy , Outcome Assessment, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Ovulation Induction/statistics & numerical data , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1923-1928, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922225

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of platelet antibody in patients with hematological diseases, so as to research the effect of immunized platelet transfusion refractoriness (PTR) on the prognosis of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recepients with malignant hematological diseases patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of platelet antibody positive patients tested by Capture-P in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from July 1, 2014 to July 1, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including sex, age, disease, platelet transfusion assessments, CD34@*RESULTS@#In 5 years, 913 (7.28%) hematologic patients with platelet antibody positive were identified, the detection rate of females (513 cases) were higher than males (400 cases). Among the 913 patients, the antibody positive rates of 520 patients with malignant hematological diseases (acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome) showed significantly statistical different (10.27%, 8.01%, and 7.20%) (P<0.01), and the positive rate of the acute myeloid leukemia of those patients was higher than myelodysplastic syndrome patients(α<0.0125). There were 35 cases diagnosed as immunized PTR before allo-HSCT, the platelet increments, 14 h correct count increment, progression-free survival rate and overall survival rate of those patients were significantly lower than those in negative transfusion effective patients (P<0.01), while the percentage of ABO matching was significantly higher (α<0.0125).@*CONCLUSION@#The positive rate of platelet antibody identification is high in females and acute myeloid leukemia patients, and immunized PTR caused by antibody is a risk factor for poor prognosis of allo-HSCT in malignant hematological disease patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Platelet Transfusion , Retrospective Studies
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 991-998, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921304

ABSTRACT

Placenta is the only link between the pregnant woman and fetus, and the basis for maintaining the normal pregnancy process and fetal development. Maternal stress is the maternal physiological and psychological changes caused by various factors, characterized by the increased level of glucocorticoid, which affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-target gland axis and regulates the expression of target genes. Maternal stress also changes the weight, metabolism and nutrient transportation of the placenta, which will substantially influence the development of fetus. This paper will firstly summarize the characteristics of maternal stress and its influence on offspring. Then, the changes in the body under maternal stress will be described. Finally, we will clarify the proven mechanisms underlying maternal stress and raise some important problems that have not been clarified in this area. The study of maternal stress on fetus and its underlying mechanisms will serve as theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of the stress-related pregnant diseases and disorders.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetal Development , Fetus , Humans , Placenta , Pregnancy
9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 57-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862776

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on the proliferation and migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) in rats. Methods The 5th generation BMSCs were divided into the control (without EPO) and 10, 100, 500, 1 000 IU/mL EPO groups. After 24 h and 48 h of culture, the proliferation rate, migration ability and the expression levels of CXCR4 of BMSCs were detected in each group. The 5th generation BMSCs were further divided into BMSC and EPO-BMSC groups. After 48 h of culture, the effect of EPO upon surface markers, directional differentiation and cytoskeleton morphology of BMSCs were evaluated in both groups. Results After theco-culture of EPO and BMSCs for 48 h, the proliferation rate and migration ability of BMSCs were significantly enhanced, and the expression level of CXCR4 protein was significantly up-regulated in the 100 IU/mL and 500 IU/mL EPO groups compared with those in the control group (all P < 0.05). However, EPO exerted no effect upon the expression levels of surface markers and directional differentiation ability of BMSCs in the EPO-BMSC group. In the EPO-BMSC group, the fibrous skeleton of most BMSCs was arranged along the long axis in parallel. Conclusions EPO can improve the proliferation rate, migration ability and tissue repair capability of BMSCs, probably by promoting the directional homing of BMSCs to injured organs and tissues via up-regulating the expression level of CXCR4.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888000

ABSTRACT

In order to reveal the regional characteristics of nucleosides and amino acids in Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu,39 samples of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu collected from 4 different regions were analyzed by UPLC-QTRAP ~®/MS2 method followed by orthogonal partial least-squares discrimination analysis( OPLS-DA) and cluster analysis( CA). The results showed all the samples contained abundant nucleosides and amino acids,with the total content of 45. 09 μg·g~(-1) and 634. 80 μg·g-1,respectively. The samples presented significant regional differences in the contents of individual components,and the main differential components included Ura,Hpro,Thr,Glu,G5 P,2'-dG,Adeno,Met,Ade,Gln,Orni,Phe,2'-dA,Hit,Lys,and Ile. Among them,Ura,Met,Glu,and Ile had the highest content in the samples from Dafeng in Jiangsu,Qinhu in Jiangsu,Beijing,and Shishou in Hubei,respectively. OPLS-DA and CA demonstrated that all the samples of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu could be divided into three categories,reflecting the regional characteristics. The results indicated that the accumulation of nucleosides and amino acids in Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu was closely related to its habitat,providing a useful reference for the research on the quality formation,quality evaluation and control,as well as the comprehensive utilization of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu. The findings suggested that the content factors of Ura,Met,Glu,and Ile could be included into the quality standard system of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu as the characteristics of medicinal materials from different regions.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Beijing , Cornus , Nucleosides
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887999

ABSTRACT

Nano-LC-MS/MS was used to analyze trypsin digested deer-horn gelatin( DCG) and deer-hide gelatin( DHG) samples.The glycopeptides in DCG and DHG were quantified by Label-free quantitative( LFQ) peptidomics,on the basis of which the glycopeptides with significant difference in DCG and DHG were determined. As a result,5 736 peptides were identified from DCG samples,including 213 galactosyl-hydroxylysine containing peptides( Gal-Hyl-peptides) and 102 glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine containing peptides( Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides),while 6 836 peptides were identified from DHG samples,among which there were 250 Gal-Hyl-peptides and 98 Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides. With over 3-fold peak area difference and highly significant intergroup difference( P < 0. 01) as the screening criteria,444 differential peptides were determined in DCG and DHG,including 16 Gal-Hyl-peptides and 5 Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides. Then XIC peak shapes,standard deviation of peak area,and fold change were applied for further screening and 5 glycopeptides with significant differences in DCG and DHG were confirmed,which could serve as potential biomarkers for distinguishing DCG and DHG. The present study provided ideas and strategies for the in-depth investigation on the discrimination of DCG and DHG and is of good theoretical significance and application value for the further research on chemical constituents and quality control of gelatin derived Chinese medicinals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Deer , Gelatin , Glycopeptides , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887998

ABSTRACT

Elaphurus davidianus( Milu),a rare animal unique to China,has been used as medicine for more than a thousand years,but the extinction of Milu in modern times resulted in the unavailability of related medical products. Today,the reintroduction of Milu population makes it possible to restore its medicinal usage. The resource reserves of Cervi Cornu,the natural shedding product from Milu,are increasing with the expansion of the population,allowing it to be fully utilized in the medical field. Mijiao Pills,first recorded in Important Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergency( Bei Ji Qian Jin Yao Fang) by Sun Simiao in the Tang Dynasty,is the first Chinese medicinal prescription with Cervi Cornu as the sovereign medicinal,which is effective in tonifying. Its composition,preparation,efficacy and indications,and administration are described in detail in the Important Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergency,which however,have changed significantly over the thousands of years,seriously affecting the clinical application of this classical prescription and related product development. Therefore,the key information of this prescription should be systematically collated and summarized. According to the principles of textual research on key information in ancient classical prescriptions promulgated by relevant authorities,this paper reviewed ancient Chinese medical books of the past dynasties,modern literature,as well as the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China( 2020 Version) to figure out such key information as the source,historical evolution,original plants and animals and their processing,dosage,preparation,and usage of Mijiao Pills. This paper aimed to provide a basis for the clinical application of Mijiao Pills and subsequent product development,thus facilitating the development and utilization of this precious medicinal animal resource.


Subject(s)
Books , China , Cornus , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and Chinese healthy eating index (CHEI), and to identify the beneficial or adverse effects of diets on MS in a community population of Shanghai. Methods:Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the data of 4 856 subjects from a community in Shanghai was collected by interview. Total CHEI score and its component score were calculated based on the frequency of food consumption. Physical examination and blood biochemical tests were used to diagnose MS. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between MS or relative indexes and the total CHEI score or its component score. Results:The study showed the overall prevalence of MS was 24.71%. There were significant differences between MS group and controls (P<0.05) in age, BMI, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin, high-density lipoprotein and energy intake. After adjusting for potential confounders, it showed that the higher total CHEI score, the lower risk of central obesity, increased diastolic blood pressure, increased glycated hemoglobin, hyperglycemic and MS (P<0.05). The increase in component score of potatoes, milk, beans, dark vegetables, fruits, oil and sodium reduced risk of obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and MS (P<0.05). Conclusion:The quality of healthy diet (CHEI score more than 80) and increased intake of specific dietary components (potatoes, milk, beans, dark vegetables, fruits) reduce the risk of MS effectively.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1789-1796, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887018

ABSTRACT

An immunologically stressed rat model was used in a metabolomics study on the ability of Paeoniae Rubra Radix to reduce the liver toxicity of Psoraleae Fructus. Different groups of rats were given the extracts of Psoraleae Fructus and Psoraleae Fructus together with Paeoniae Rubra Radix or combined with a non-toxic dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The biochemical indices of liver function and pathological changes in liver tissue were used to evaluate histopathological changes. UHPLC-QTOF/MS was used to analyze the metabolic profile of serum samples, combined with principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) methods. The HMDB database and Metabo Analyst online tool were used for biomarker identification and metabolic pathway-enrichment analysis. The results show that the co-treatment Psoraleae Fructus and LPS resulted in significant liver injury, indicated by the elevation of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities, as well as obvious pathological changes. Liver injury was significantly decreased by treatment with Paeoniae Rubra Radix. Metabolomic analysis showed that the addition of Paeoniae Rubra Radix ameliorated the abnormal serum metabolism in rats mainly through regulation of arachidonic acid metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism pathways.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883227

ABSTRACT

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are used as the primary first-line treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, and the combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and angiogenesis inhibitors have also been recommended as first-line treatment recently. For hepatocellular carcinoma patients with portal vein tumor thrombus, hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) is supported by progressively more evidence in improvement in the overall survival benefit. Based on relevant literatures and combined with clinical practices, the authors investigate the clinical application and development trends of TKIs, ICIs and HAIC in the first-line treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an early warning index system to identify the outbreak of respiratory infectious diseases and to assess the epidemic risk of these diseases in Shanghai. Methods:A two-round Delphi survey with a panel of 31 experts was used to select the modifying indicators. All indicators were evaluated for necessity,feasibility,stability, and sensitivity through online questionnaires. Results:The consultation recovery rates of both rounds were 100%. The authority coefficient was 0.88, and the Kendall's W of the second-round consultation was 0.138 (P<0.001), suggesting a good coordination among experts’ opinion. Our early warning index system was developed after the two-round Delphi survey and included two sets of indicators, one for rapid risk assessment and another for monitoring and tracing risk. Both sets of the indicators involved three aspects: transmissibility, clinical severity and potential influence of emerging diseases. The rapid risk assessment system part covered 10 indicators while the risk monitor system part covered 23 indicators. In the rapid risk assessment system part, the weight value of the top three indicators were greater than 0.10, with the highest weight value of 0.171 for titled visiting rate of influenza-like illness patients in the Emergency Department or other outpatient visits. In the risk monitor system part, the weight value of the top eight indicators were greater than 0.05, and the greatest was 0.087 for R0 (basic reproductive number). Conclusion:The developed scientific and reliable evaluation indicator system can be used to forecast the outbreak and epidemic risk of respiratory infectious diseases. However, sensitivity and stability of the indicators need further validation and evaluation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and compare the differences between the epidemiological data and clinical indicators of confirmed and suspected undiagnosed cases of COVID-19 in Changning District, Shanghai. Methods:A retrospective comparative study was conducted. We included 20 confirmed and 34 suspected but undiagnosed COVID-19 cases from January 20 to February 29, 2020. We analyzed the differences in epidemiological history, early clinical symptoms, blood routine indicators, and clinical imaging characteristics between the two groups. Results:The epidemic status of COVID-19 in Changning District of Shanghai was mainly imported, and most cases were promptly confirmed. Early clinical symptoms of confirmed and suspected undiagnosed cases often manifested as respiratory symptoms such as fever and dry cough. Compared with the confirmed cases, the cell counts of leukocytes, eosinophils, and neutrophils in suspected undiagnosed cases were significantly higher. Also, the concentration of serum C-reactive protein in suspected cases was higher than that in confirmed cases (P=0.230). The clinical imaging manifestations of confirmed cases were mainly ground glass opacity (GGO) scattered in both lung leaves, while the suspected undiagnosed cases mainly manifested as plain patch opacity, and the distribution of GGO was more irregular. Conclusion:There exists significant difference in blood routine indicators and clinical imaging features between confirmed and suspected cases of COVID-19.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878883

ABSTRACT

Nano-LC MS/MS was used to analyze trypsin digested deer-hide gelatin(DHG) samples, hydroxylation and O-glycosylation on lysine sites of DHG were comprehensive identified by using PEAKS Studio software. The sites, sorts and amounts of hydroxylation and O-glycosylation on Type Ⅰ collagen α1 chain(COL1 A1) and α2 chain(COL1 A2) of DHG were revealed. As a result, 5 284 peptides were identified from DHG samples, which were mainly from COL1 A1 and COL1 A2. Among these peptides, there were 449 peptides with hydroxylysine, 442 with galactosyl-hydroxylysine, 449 with glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine. The major modified sites of hydroxylation and O-glycosylation in DHG were shown as follow: α1-9 N and α2-5 N in N-telopeptides, α1-87, α1-174, α1-930, α2-87, α2-174, α2-933 in triple helix domain, and α1-16 C in C-telopeptides. These hydroxylation and O-glycosylation were correlated with the formation and stability of collagen molecules and collagen fibrils. It is feasible for the collagens and peptides dissolving from deer skin collagen fibrils under high temperature and pressure decocting, high temperature and pressure also might destroy inter-molecular covalent cross-linking and help those glycol-peptides formations. The present study provided ideas and strategies for the in-depth investigation on DHG chemical constituents, and showed good theoretical significance and application value.


Subject(s)
Animals , Deer/metabolism , Gelatin , Glycosylation , Hydroxylation , Lysine/metabolism , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 26-34, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878232

ABSTRACT

Intermittent hypoxia (IH) could induce cognitive impairment through oxidative stress and inflammation. However, the degree of cell damage is closely related to the IH stimulus frequency. IH stimulation with different frequencies also induces opposite results on neuronal cell lines. Therefore, this study was aimed to compare the effects of IH stimulation with three different frequencies on murine hippocampal neuronal HT22 cell activity, and to explore the molecular mechanism of the IH stimulus frequency-related neuron injury. HT22 cells were cultured and divided into control group and three IH stimulation groups with different frequencies. Oxygen concentration in the chamber was circulated between 21% and 1% (IH1 group, 6 cycles/h; IH2 group, 2 cycles/h; IH3 group, 0.6 cycle/h). Cell morphology was observed at 6, 12, 24 and 48 h of IH treatment. Cell viability was determined by the CCK-8 kit, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) content in cell supernatant was determined by LDH kit, oxidative stress level was detected by the reactive oxygen species (ROS) probe, and protein expression levels of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) and phosphorylated nuclear factor κB (p-NF-κB) were detected by Western blot. The results showed that, compared with control group, cell number and activity in the three IH groups were decreased, LDH content and ROS levels were increased with the prolongation of IH stimulation time, and the changes were most obvious in the IH1 group among those of the three IH groups. Hif-1α expression and the p-NF-κB/NF-κB ratio were also up-regulated with the prolongation of IH stimulation time, and the changes of IH1 group were the most significant. These results suggest that IH stimulation induces oxidative stress injury in HT22 cells, which is related to increased Hif-1α expression and NF-κB phosphorylation. Moreover, the higher frequency of IH stimulation induces more serious cell injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Survival , Hypoxia , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781458

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a novel flow cytometric immunobead array (FCIA) for detecting plasma von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF:Ag), and to analyze the clinical value of FCIA in predicting the prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke (IS).@*METHODS@#Anti-human vWF monoclonal antibody SZ29 IgG was coated on microspheres overnight, the diluted plasma was added after blocking, then incubated with FITC-conjugated sheep-anti-human vWF IgG polyclonal antibody, and finally detected by flow cytometry. The plasma vWF in 21 case of von Willebrand disease (vWD) and 105 controls (CTL) were detected by FCIA and ELISA, so as to carry out methodological assessment. Plasma vWF:Ag of 61 IS patients was detected by FCIA and the data of prognosis followed-up for 2-year were collected.@*RESULTS@#The linear fitting of FCIA was good (R2=0.99) without significant difference between FCIA and ELISA. The Bland-Altman bias was 1.12% with 95% limits of agreement that spanned from -45.06% to 47.30%, and the slope of the linear regression was 0.97 (r=0.86, P<0.01). Importantly, the FCIA method was faster than ELISA, and superior to the ELISA in the detection of low levels of vWF:Ag. The levels of vWF:Ag, vWF:GPIbR and vWF:CB in IS patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (Z=8.36, 8.71, 6.22, respectively, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The FCIA for detecting plasma vWF:Ag is not only an effective supplement to ELISA, but also the efficiency is faster and more sensitive, thus improves the diagnosis of type 3 vWD. Elevated levels of vWF: Ag in IS patients indicate the poor recovery of daily activities and prognosis.

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