Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 500
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 557-561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986820

ABSTRACT

ISR is the most widely used anal-preserving operation for ultra-low rectal cancer. It can be divided into total ISR, subtotal ISR and partial ISR according to the resection range of internal sphincter. The advantage of ISR is that it can preserve the sphincter while ensuring the safety of oncology for ultra-low rectal cancer, representing the state of the art. However, it still needs to face the problem that the quality of life will decline due to poor postoperative anal function. The conformal sphincter-preserving operation (CSPO) is a functional anal-preserving surgery improved on the basis of ISR. It is superior to ISR in the postoperative anal function and patients' quality of life. So it can be a new choice for ultra-low rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Anal Canal/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 777-783, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985822

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of extending the waiting time on tumor regression after neoadjuvant chemoradiology (nCRT) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Methods: Clinicopathological data from 728 LARC patients who completed nCRT treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital, Naval Medical University from January 2012 to December 2021 were collected for retrospective analysis. The primary research endpoint was the sustained complete response (SCR). There were 498 males and 230 females, with an age (M(IQR)) of 58 (15) years (range: 22 to 89 years). Logistic regression models were used to explore whether waiting time was an independent factor affecting SCR. Curve fitting was used to represent the relationship between the cumulative occurrence rate of SCR and the waiting time. The patients were divided into a conventional waiting time group (4 to <12 weeks, n=581) and an extended waiting time group (12 to<20 weeks, n=147). Comparisons regarding tumor regression, organ preservation, and surgical conditions between the two groups were made using the t test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, or χ2 test as appropriate. The Log-rank test was used to elucidate the survival discrepancies between the two groups. Results: The SCR rate of all patients was 21.6% (157/728). The waiting time was an independent influencing factor for SCR, with each additional day corresponding to an OR value of 1.010 (95%CI: 1.001 to 1.020, P=0.031). The cumulative rate of SCR occurrence gradually increased with the extension of waiting time, with the fastest increase between the 9th to <10th week. The SCR rate in the extended waiting time group was higher (27.9%(41/147) vs. 20.0%(116/581), χ2=3.901, P=0.048), and the organ preservation rate during the follow-up period was higher (21.1%(31/147) vs. 10.7%(62/581), χ2=10.510, P=0.001). The 3-year local recurrence/regrowth-free survival rates were 94.0% and 91.1%, the 3-year disease-free survival rates were 76.6% and 75.4%, and the 3-year overall survival rates were 95.6% and 92.2% for the conventional and extended waiting time groups, respectively, with no statistical differences in local recurrence/regrowth-free survival, disease-free survival and overall survival between the two groups (χ2=1.878, P=0.171; χ2=0.078, P=0.780; χ2=1.265, P=0.261). Conclusions: An extended waiting time is conducive to tumor regression, and extending the waiting time to 12 to <20 weeks after nCRT can improve the SCR rate and organ preservation rate, without increasing the difficulty of surgery or altering the oncological outcomes of patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 733-737, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985815

ABSTRACT

The mesentery has been defined as a double fold of the peritoneum connecting some regions of the intestine to the posterior abdominal wall. It emerges from the superior mesenteric root region and fans out to span the intestine from the duodenum to the rectum. The mesorectal is a continuation of the intraperitoneal mesentery in the pelvic cavity. The lateral structure of the rectum is complex and the traditional view calls it the lateral ligament of the rectal. However, this structure could be called the lateral mesorectum from the perspective of embryonic development and membrane anatomy. The lateral mesorectum is the bridge of the vessels, lymphatic, and nerves between the rectum and the pelvic wall. It anchors the rectum to the lateral pelvic wall and is the anatomical basis of lateral lymph node metastasis in low rectal cancer. Meanwhile, it is important to identify the lateral mesorectum and its surrounding structure to radically resect the tumor and protect the pelvic autonomic nerve during the total mesorectal excision procedure.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 689-693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985548

ABSTRACT

A crucial lesson gained through the pandemic preparedness and response to COVID-19 is that all measures for epidemic control must be law-based. The legal system is related not only to public health emergency management per se but also to all aspects of the institutional supporting system throughout the lifecycle. Based on the lifecycle emergency management model, this article analyses the problems of the current legal system and the potential solutions. It is suggested that the lifecycle emergency management model shall be followed to establish a more comprehensive public health legal system and to gather the intelligence and consensus of experts with different expertise, including epidemiologists, sociologists, economists, jurist and others, which will collaboratively promote the science-based legislation in the field of epidemic preparedness and response for the establishment of a comprehensive legal system for public health emergency management and with Chinese characteristics.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Pandemics/prevention & control , Public Health , Emergencies , Disaster Planning
5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 254-267, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to clarify how the stimulation of acupuncture points is achieved by needles with different surface texture during acupuncture; it also seeks to lessen injury at the insertion site and increase the therapeutic efficacy of acupuncture, by simulating the mechanical effects of various needle surface patterns on Zusanli (ST36) without changing the radius of acupuncture needles.@*METHODS@#Five acupuncture needle models with different surface patterns, including the smooth needle, the lined needle, the ringed needle, the left-hand threaded needle and the right-hand threaded needle, and a layered model of the Zusanli acupoint were used to investigate how to reduce tissue damage and increase stimulation during acupuncture treatment. Puncturing of the skin as well as lifting-inserting and twisting needle manipulations were simulated using these models, and the degree of damage and force of stimulation caused by the acupuncture needles with different surface patterns during acupuncture were compared.@*RESULTS@#The smooth needle and the lined needle caused the least tissue damage during insertion, while the left-hand threaded and the right-hand threaded needles caused the most damage. The ringed needle, the left-hand threaded needle and the right-hand threaded needle stimulated the acupoint tissue more during lifting-inserting manipulations, while the lined needle and the smooth needle produced less stimulation. The stimulation of the lined needle on the acupoint tissue was the largest during twisting manipulation, whereas the left-hand threaded needle and the right-hand threaded needle had smaller effects. In lifting-inserting and twisting manipulations, both the left-hand threaded needle and right-hand threaded needle provided more stimulation, but the torsion direction in which they produced better stimulation was the opposite.@*CONCLUSION@#According to the simulation results, the ringed pattern enhances stimulation best in the lifting-inserting manipulation, whereas the lined pattern enhances stimulation best in the twisting manipulation. Both the right-hand and left-hand thread patterns have certain enhancing effects in these two operations. Taking the geometric properties of the pattern into account, the left-hand thread pattern and the right-hand thread pattern have the geometric characteristics of both the lined pattern and the ringed pattern. To conclude, a pattern perpendicular to the movement direction during the acupuncture manipulation creates more stimulation. These results have significance for future needle design. Please cite this article as: Sun MZ, Wang X, Li YC, Yao W, Gu W. Mechanical effects of needle texture on acupoint tissue. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(3): 254-267.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Needles , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Hand
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2434-2441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999139

ABSTRACT

Blood stasis syndrome is one of the core clinical syndrome of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the biological connotation of this syndrome is not clear, and there is a lack of disease improved animal models that match the characteristics of this disease and syndrome. The aim of this study was to screen the candidate biomarker gene set of blood stasis syndrome of RA, reveal the biological connotation of this syndrome, and explore and evaluate the preparation method of the improved animal model based on the characteristics of "disease-syndrome-symptom". The study was approved by the ethics committee of Guang'anmen Hospital, Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. 2019-073-KY-01) and the First Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. TYLL2021[K]018), and the study subjects gave their informed consent. Animal welfare and experimental procedures followed the regulations of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of the Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. IBTCMCACMS21-2207-01). The whole blood samples were collected clinically from RA patients with blood stasis syndrome (3 cases) or other syndromes (7 types, 3 cases/type), and healthy volunteers (4 cases), and then transcriptome sequencing, KEGG, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) analysis were performed. 126 pivotal genes were screened, and their functional annotation results were significantly enriched in "immune-inflammation" related pathways and lipid metabolism regulation (sphingolipids, ether lipid metabolism and steroid biosynthesis). Syndrome-symptom mapping of hub gene set to the TCM primary and secondary symptoms, Western phenotypic symptoms and pathological links showed that joint tingling, abnormal joint morphology, petechiae and abnormal blood circulation are representative of blood stasis syndrome of RA. The results of the improved animal model showed that the rats in the collagen-induced arthritis + adrenaline hydrochloride (CIA+Adr) 3 model group had increased blood rheology, coagulation, platelet function and endothelial function abnormalities compared with the CIA-alone model group, suggesting that the rats with blood stasis syndrome of RA may be in a state of "blood stasis". The results of the study can help to advance the objective study of the evidence of blood stasis syndrome in RA, and provide new ideas for the establishment of an animal model that reflects the clinical characteristics of the disease and syndrome.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 820-826, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012314

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype and gene alterations of thyroid-like low-grade nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma (TL-LGNPPA). Methods: Fifteen case of TL-LGNPPA diagnosed at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital (5 cases) and the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine (10 cases) from November 2011 to August 2020 were collected. Clinical and pathological examinations, immunohistochemical staining and next-generation sequencing were performed. The clinicopathological and molecular characteristics were summarized, and relevant literature was reviewed. Results: Fifteen patients were identified and included. Their median age was 36 years (range, 20-60 years). The male-female ratio was 1.0∶1.1. The most common symptoms were epistaxis and nasal obstruction. The neoplasms were located on the roof of the nasopharynx or the posterior margin of the nasal septum. The pathological features included complex papillary and glandular structures mainly composed of single or pseudostratified cubic and columnar cells, with mild to moderate cytological atypia. In some cases, spindle cell features, nuclear grooves, ground glass nuclei, squamous metaplasia, or scattered psammoma bodies were identified. In addition, nuclear polar reversal cells, hobnail cells and micropapillary structures were found, but have not been reported in previous literature. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor cells were diffusely positive for TTF1, CK7, vimentin and CKpan; focally positive for p40, CK5/6 and p16; and negative for Tg, NapsinA, CK20, CDX2, S-100 and PAX8. The Ki-67 positive rates ranged from 1% to 20% and were≤10% in thirteen cases (13/15). EBER in situ hybridization was negative in all cases. DNA sequencing of 6 specimens was performed and all specimens were found harboring gene mutations (EWSR1, SMAD2, ROS1, JAK3, GRIN2A, ERRCC5, STAT3, and TET2), but no hot spot gene alterations were found. No MSI-H and MMR related gene changes were detected. All tumors showed low tumor mutation burden. All 15 patients underwent endoscopic surgery, and only 1 of them underwent radiotherapy postoperatively. All patients were recurrence free and alive at the end of follow-up periods (range: 23 to 129 months). Conclusions: TL-LGNPPA is a rare indolent tumor of the nasopharynx and exhibits a unique morphology and immunophenotype. Endoscopic resection is an effective treatment for TL-LGNPPA with excellent overall prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thyroid Gland/pathology , Adenocarcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Nasopharynx/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 83-88, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971309

ABSTRACT

The real-world data of Hainan Boao Lecheng International Tourism Pilot Zone has the advantage of supporting pre-market clinical evaluation of medical devices. Based on the relevant requirements of clinical evaluation of medical devices and based on the practical experience of pilot devices in the early stage, the application of Boao Lecheng real-world data in the pre-market clinical evaluation path of medical devices from the perspective of review is discussed. At the same time, the elements that should be considered in real-world study design and the way of data quality evaluation are proposed. Expect to provide a reference in order to allow registration applicants to use real world data wisely to help declare device registration for marketing.


Subject(s)
Device Approval , Marketing , Research Design
9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 447-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004845

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the recruitment strategy of blood donors under the situation of blood supply shortage during the COVID-19 epidemic. 【Methods】 The theory of planned behavior and the stage change model of behavior were used to analyze the recruitment strategy of blood donors during the COVID-19 epidemic. The recruitment practice strategies of some countries or regions, i. e. the United States, Japan, South Korea, and the European Union, during this period were investigated. Based on the theoretical analysis results and practical status, relevant reference strategies were proposed. 【Results】 The theoretical analysis showed that attitude, subjective norms and ethical norms played an important role in the recruitment of blood donors during the COVID-19 epidemic, but blood donation self-efficacy and promoting blood donation behavior were the two key factors. According to the survey, in terms of enhancing and maintaining attitudes, subjective norms, ethical norms and other elements that were jointly affected by the same strategy, most countries continued previous policies while some updated recruitment ideas. In terms of enhancing and maintaining the key elements of blood donation self-efficacy, more human and material support had been made. 【Conclusion】 During the COVID-19 pandemic, enhancing and maintaining blood donation self-efficacy and promoting blood donation behavior are the key elements to effectively improve the blood supply shortage. The blood donor recruitment strategy constructed accordingly has reference value for China.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 445-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969926

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between physical exercise and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in people infected with HBV. Methods: The information about the 3 813 participants infected with HBV, including the prevalence of NAFLD, prevalence of physical exercise and other covariates, were collected from the National Science and Technology Major Project of China during 2016-2020. The logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association between physical exercise and NAFLD in HBV infected patients, and subgroup analysis was performed to identify the effect modifiers. Results: A total of 2 259 HBV infected participants were included in the final analysis and 454 (20.10%) had NAFLD. After adjusting for covariates, we found that moderate physical exercise was a protective factor for NAFLD (OR=0.66, 95%CI: 0.46-0.94). Subgroup analysis suggested that the protective effect of moderate physical exercise on NAFLD might be stronger in women (OR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.36-1.01), those <45 years old (OR=0.24, 95%CI: 0.06-0.80), those who had low education level (OR=0.16, 95%CI: 0.04-0.49), those who had low annual income (OR=0.39, 95%CI: 0.16-0.89 for <30 000 yuan RMB; OR=0.64, 95%CI: 0.40-1.00 for 30 000-80 000 yuan RMB), those who had hypertension (OR=0.45, 95%CI: 0.21-0.88), those with BMI ≥24.0 kg/m2 (OR=0.66, 95%CI: 0.43-1.01), those who had more daily fruit or vegetable intake (OR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.38-0.97), those who had more daily meat intake (OR=0.49, 95%CI: 0.23-0.97), and those who had no smoking history (OR=0.66, 95%CI: 0.45-0.95) or passive smoking exposure (OR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.37-0.97). Conclusions: Among HBV infected patients, moderate physical exercise was negatively associated with the prevalence of NAFLD. Women, young people, those who had low education level, those who had low annual income, those with hypertension, those with high BMI, those who had more daily fruit or vegetable and meat intakes, and those who had no smoking history or passive smoking exposure might be more sensitive to the protective effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Hepatitis B virus , Risk Factors , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Exercise , Hypertension
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 82-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969809

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of superior mediastinal lymph node metastases (sMLNM) in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Methods: This retrospective analysis enrolled the patients who were treated for sMLNM of MTC in our hospital from May 2012 to January 2021. All patients were suspected of sMLNM due to preoperative imaging. According to the pathological results, the patients were divided into two groups named sMLNM group and the negative superior-mediastinal-lymph-node group. We collected and analyzed the clinical features, pathological features, pre- and post-operative calcitonin (Ctn), and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels of the two groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze risk factors, and receiver operation characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn to determine the optimal cut-off values of preoperative Ctn and preoperative CEA for predicting sMLNM. Results: Among the 94 patients, 69 cases were in the sMLNM group and 25 cases were in the non-SMLNM group. Preoperative Ctn level (P=0.003), preoperative CEA level (P=0.010), distant metastasis (P=0.022), extracapsular lymph node invasion (P=0.013), the number of central lymph node metastases (P=0.002) were related to sMLNM, but the multivariate analysis did not find any independent risk factors. The optimal threshold for predicting sMLNM by pre-operative Ctn is 1500 pg/ml and AUC is 0.759 (95% CI: 0.646, 0.872). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of diagnosis are 61.2%, 77.3%, 89.1%, 39.5%, respectively. In patients who underwent mediastinal lymph node dissection through transsternal approach, the metastatic possibility of different levels from high to low were level 2R (82.3%, 28/34), level 2L (58.8%, 20/34), level 4R (58.8%, 20/34), level 3 (23.5%, 8/34), level 4L (11.8%, 4/34). Postoperative complications occurred in 41 cases (43.6%), and there was no perioperative death in all cases. 14.8% (12/81) of the patients achieved biochemical complete response (Ctn≤12 pg/ml) one month after surgery, 5 of these patients were in sMLNM group. Conclusions: For patients who have highly suspicious sMLNM through imaging, combining with preoperative Ctn diagnosis can improve the accuracy of diagnosis, especially for patients with preoperative Ctn over 1 500 pg/ml. The superior mediastinal lymph node dissection for the primary sternotomy should include at least the superior mediastinal levels 2-4 to avoid residual lesions. The strategy of surgery needs to be cautiously performed. Although the probability of biochemical cure in sMLNM cases is low, nearly 40% of patients can still benefit from the operation at the biochemical level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/pathology , Lymph Node Excision/methods
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 855-859, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the recombinations within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region in two families.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood specimens of the different family members. HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1 and -DPB1 loci were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific oligonucleotide probing technique (PCR-SSO) and next-generation sequencing technique. HLA haplotype was determined by genetic analysis of the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#The haplotypes of HLA-A*11:01~C*03:04~B*13:01~DRB1*12:02~DQB1*03:01~DPB1*05:01:01G and HLA-A*03:01~C*04:01~B*35:03~DRB1*12:01~DQB1*03:01~DPB1*04:01:01G in the family 1 were recombined between HLA-B and HLA-DRB1 loci, which formed the haplotype of HLA-A*11:01~C*03:04~B*13:01~DRB1* 12:01~DQB1*03:01~DPB1*04:01:01G. The haplotypes of HLA-A *02:06~C*03:03~B*35:01~DRB1*08:02~DQB1*04:02~ DPB1*13:01:01G and HLA-A *11:01~C*07:02~B*38:02~DRB1*15:02~DQB1*05:01~DPB1*05:01:01G in the family 2 were recombined between HLA-DQB1 and HLA-DPB1 loci, which formed the haplotype of HLA-A*02:06~C*03:03~B*35:01~ DRB1*08:02~DQB1*04:02~DPB1*05:01:01G.@*CONCLUSION@#The gene recombination events between HLA-B and -DRB1, HLA-DQB1 and -DPB1 loci were found respectively in two Chinese Han families.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Frequency , HLA-DQ beta-Chains/genetics , HLA-B Antigens/genetics , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I/genetics , Haplotypes , HLA-A Antigens/genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains/genetics , Recombination, Genetic , Alleles
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2455-2463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981321

ABSTRACT

This study explored toxicity attenuation processing technology of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction for the first time, and further explored its detoxification mechanism. Nine processed products of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction were prepared by orthogonal experiment with three factors and three levels. Based on the decrease in the content of the main hepatotoxic component diosbulbin B before and after processing of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae by high-performance liquid chromatography, the toxicity attenuation technology was preliminarily screened out. On this basis, the raw and representative processed products of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae were given to mice by gavage with 2 g·kg~(-1)(equival to clinical equivalent dose) for 21 d. The serum and liver tissues were collected after the last administration for 24 h. The serum biochemical indexes reflecting liver function and liver histopathology were combined to further screen out and verify the proces-sing technology. Then, the lipid peroxidation and antioxidant indexes of liver tissue were detected by kit method, and the expressions of NADPH quinone oxidoreductase 1(NQO1) and glutamate-cysteine ligase(GCLM) in mice liver were detected by Western blot to further explore detoxification mechanism. The results showed that the processed products of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction reduced the content of diosbulbin B and improved the liver injury induced by Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bul-biferae to varying degrees, and the processing technology of A_2B_2C_3 reduced the excessive levels of alanine transaminase(ALT) and aspartate transaminase(AST) induced by raw Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae by 50.2% and 42.4%, respectively(P<0.01, P<0.01). The processed products of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction reversed the decrease protein expression levels of NQO1 and GCLM in the liver of mice induced by raw Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae to varying degrees(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and it also reversed the increasing level of malondialdehyde(MDA) and the decreasing levels of glutathione(GSH), glutathione peroxidase(GPX), and glutathione S-transferase(GST) in the liver of mice(P<0.05 or P<0.01). In summary, this study shows that the optimal toxicity attenuation processing technology of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction is A_2B_2C_3, that is, 10% of Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction is used for moistening Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae and processed at 130 ℃ for 11 min. The detoxification mechanism involves enhancing the expression levels of NQO1 and GCLM antio-xidant proteins and related antioxidant enzymes in the liver.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Antioxidants/analysis , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Paeonia/chemistry , Glutathione/analysis
14.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 613-616, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979924

ABSTRACT

With a rapidly aging population, there is a huge potential demand for rehabilitation and assistive products and services. Especially in the global context where greater attention is given to disadvantaged groups, there is a need to cater to the needs of the elderly in terms of rehabilitation and assistive aid to improve their quality of life. Compared with developed countries, China’s rehabilitation aid industry is still in its early stages of development and needs to move away from traditional equipment manufacturing and integrate with intelligent manufacturing to provide more development possibilities and choices. International cooperation is expected to become one of the future research and development directions for rehabilitation aids. Taking typical cities and countries at home and abroad as examples, this paper explores the development of rehabilitation aids, and calls for the cultivation of more rehabilitation aid professionals to help more people in need.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 545-547, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957425

ABSTRACT

There are few studies about the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) with darolutamide. This paper reports a case that an 83-year-old patient complained of dysuria. His initial diagnosis was metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer(mHSPC). Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) plus bicalutamide was performed. Re-examination of bone scan after half a year revealed that there were more than two new bone metastases, which was considered entering mCRPC. Due to the patient’s advanced age, post medical history of epilepsy, type 2 diabetes and cardiac radiofrequency ablation, long-term use of phenobarbital and repaglinide, the therapy was changed to ADT plus darolutamide to avoid drug contraindications. Re-examination of bone scan after 10 months revealed decreased metabolism in some metastases, and tPSA declined continuously.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 624-629, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare and analyze the clinical characteristics between acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) and the hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome.Methods:This is a retrospective cohort study. The clinical data of 13 cases with AFLP and 34 cases with HELLP syndrome were collected from three tertiary referral centers in Yunnan (the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, and Yan'an Hospital of Kunming City) from January 2016 to December 2021. The patients were diagnosed to AFLP and HELLP syndrome according to the Swansea criteria and the Tennessee classification system. The general characteristics, clinical features, laboratory results within 24 hours after admission, complications, maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared to analysis the differences between the two groups.Results:① Maternal characteristics: compared with HELLP syndrome group, AFLP group had lower body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure at admission (both P < 0.01). ②Clinical features: the most common symptoms in AFLP patients were skin jaundice, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, edema. The main manifestations of patients with HELLP syndrome were albuminuria, hypertension, edema, headache. Some patients had multiple symptoms concurrently. ③ Laboratory results: compared with HELLP syndrome group, the levels of platelet count (PLT), total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total bile acid (TBA), serum creatinine (SCr) and international standardized ratio (INR) in AFLP group were significantly increased within 24 hours after admission [PLT (×10 9/L): 107.69±51.13 vs.76.71±43.25, TBil (μmol/L): 121.60 (83.20, 170.00) vs.15.25 (7.22, 29.05), DBil (μmol/L): 86.50 (58.60, 104.00) vs. 4.30 (2.22, 10.10), γ-GGT (U/L): 87.00 (37.00, 127.00) vs. 41.00 (19.00, 64.42), ALP (U/L): 199.10 (109.00, 349.20) vs. 125.50 (90.50, 155.25), TBA (μmol/L): 51.50 (16.20, 117.40) vs. 4.15 (2.02, 6.95), SCr (μmol/L): 155.80 (129.00, 237.00) vs. 79.00 (65.43, 113.70), INR: 1.28 (1.17, 1.63) vs. 0.94 (0.88, 1.08), all P < 0.05], prothrombin time (PT) was significantly prolonged [seconds: 16.10 (14.50, 19.20) vs. 12.40 (11.43, 13.40), P < 0.05]. The level of blood glucose (GLU), fibrinogen (FIB) and the activity of antithrombin Ⅲ (ATⅢ) decreased significantly [GLU (mmol/L): 5.18±1.33 vs. 6.33±1.19, FIB (g/L): 1.96±1.46 vs. 3.81±1.58, ATⅢ (%): 40.61±25.84 vs. 66.39±24.11, all P < 0.05]; ④ Complications: compared with HELLP syndrome group, the incidence of patients with hypoglycemia [30.77% (4/13) vs. 0% (0/34)], acute liver failure [53.85% (7/13) vs. 5.88% (2/34)], acute renal insufficiency [69.23% (9/13) vs. 8.82% (3/34)], coagulopathy [76.92% (10/13) vs. 38.24% (13/34)], disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) [53.85% (7/13) vs. 5.88% (2/34)], and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) [53.85% (7/13) vs. 5.88% (2/34)] were significantly higher in AFLP group (all P < 0.05). ⑤ Maternal and neonatal outcome: all patients delivered after admission. The total length of hospital and intensive care unit stay were significantly longer in the AFLP group than in the HELLP syndrome group [days: 17.00 (11.00, 25.00) vs. 9.00 (7.00, 12.00), 12.00 (4.00, 22.00) vs. 3.91 (0, 7.00), both P < 0.01]. Two AFLP patients died, including one due to intracranial venous thrombosis and one due to multiple organ failure and cardiopulmonary arrest. There were no deaths in the HELLP syndrome group. Conclusions:There are significant differences in maternal characteristics, laboratory results and complications between AFLP and HELLP syndrome. TBil, γ-GGT, SCr, FIB, INR and ATⅢ activity may help to distinguish the two diseases.

17.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 256-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and renal volume in assessing fetal kidney development and disease.Methods:From January 2016 to October 2020, 84 fetuses with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) were identified with MRI (CAKUT group), and 97 fetuses with no significant abnormalities on MRI or postnatal follow-up (control group) from the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. ADC value and renal volume were measured to compare the two groups, and the relationship was analyzed between these two parameters in the control group with gestational age, location (left or right kidney), and fetal gender. Two independent or paired sample t-tests, and linear correlation analyses, were adopted for the statistical analysis. Results:(1) There were 84 pregnant women in the CAKUT group, including a twin pregnancy, with an average age of (29±4) years old, ranging from 21 to 39 years old. The gestational age at MRI was (26±4) weeks with a range of 21-34 weeks. Of the 85 fetuses, 52 were male (61.2%), and 33 were female (38.8%). The polycystic dysplastic kidney was found in 32 cases (37.6%), hydronephrosis in 29 cases (34.1%), and an isolated kidney in 24 cases (28.2%). There were 97 singleton pregnancies in the control group, including 45 (46.4%) male and 52 (53.6%) female fetuses. The average maternal age was (30±5) years old, with a range of 19-41 years old, and the gestational week at MRI was (27±4) weeks, with a range of 21-34 weeks. (2) In the control group, the mean ADC value and renal volume were (1.255±0.112)×10 -3 mm2/s and (4 747±2 479) mm 3, which were negatively ( R 2=0.30, P<0.01) and positively correlated ( R 2=0.80, P<0.01) with the gestational age, respectively. There was no significant difference between ADC value and renal volume between different fetal gender in the control group. (3) The ADC value and the renal volume of fetuses with polycystic dysplastic kidney [(1.720±0.200) ×10 -3 mm2/s and (8 154±8 337) mm 3] were higher than those in the control group ( t=-13.11 and-3.08, P<0.001 and P=0.004). Compared with the control group, ADC of fetuses with hydronephrosis [(1.333±0.171) ×10 -3 mm2/s] was higher ( t=-3.90, P<0.001); and the renal volume [(7 201±4 460) mm 3] was larger but without statistical significance. The fetuses with an isolated kidney had an increasing trend in renal volume [(5 239±4 244) mm 3] and a decreasing trend in the ADC value [(1.239±0.125) ×10 -3 mm2/s] when compared with the normal fetuses, but neither difference was significant. Conclusions:In normal fetuses, the ADC value decreases, and the renal volume increases with the gestational age. Fetuses with CAKUT may have a larger kidney than normal.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 488-493, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of prenatal MRI in assessing the cardiovascular structure and brain development of fetuses with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF).Methods:From August 2011 to April 2021, 30 fetuses of TOF with gestational age (GA) 18-33 (25±3) weeks were retrospectively enrolled in Shanghai Children′s Medical Center, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Sixty normal fetuses were selected with matched GA of TOF fetuses as control group. In 30 fetuses with TOF, the GA of 17 fetuses were less than 25 weeks and of 13 fetuses were more than 25 weeks. The balanced fast field echo sequence MRI was performed to measure the diameter of the aortic arch isthmus (AoI), the main pulmonary artery (MPA) and the ratio was calculated (MPA/AoI). The size of ventricular septal defect (VSD) was measured in TOF group. The single-shot turbo spin echo sequence MRI was performed to measure fetal brain biparietal diameter (BBD), brain frontal-occipital length (BFOL), skull biparietal diameter (SBD), skull fronto-occipital diameter (SOD) and head circumference (HC). The Pearson analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of the above indicators with GA. The independent sample t test was used to compare the differences in various indicators between TOF and control groups in both GA≤25 and GA>25 weeks. Results:The sizes of VSD in TOF fetuses were (3.5±1.1) mm (GA≤25 weeks) and (4.4±0.6) mm (GA>25 weeks). The AoI, MPA, BBD, BFOL, SBD, SOD, HC were positively associated with GA (TOF group: r=0.80, 0.50, 0.92, 0.93, 0.91, 0.84, 0.91, MPA P=0.005, others all P<0.001; control group: r=0.90, 0.87, 0.96, 0.95, 0.93, 0.95, 0.96, all P<0.001). For fetuses with GA≤25 weeks, there were 17 fetuses in TOF group and 34 fetuses in control group, and the AoI in TOF group was larger than that in control group ( t=10.00, P<0.001), the MPA, MPA/AoI, BFOL were smaller than those in control group (all P<0.05). No statistical significant differences of BBD, SBD, SOD, HC were found between the groups (all P>0.05), For fetuses with GA>25, there were 13 fetuses in TOF group and 26 fetuses in control group, and the AoI in TOF group was larger than that in control group ( t=3.36, P=0.002) and MPA, MPA/AoI, BBD, BFOL, SOD, HC were smaller than those in control group (all P<0.05). No statistically significant difference of SBD was found between groups ( P=0.068). Conclusions:MRI is feasible to measure the cardiovascular structure and the brain development of fetuses with TOF. Fetuses with TOF have varying degrees of VSD, MPA stenosis and AoI dilation. An altered brain growth of fetuses with TOF appears in the second trimester of pregnancy.

19.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 174-181,C2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of intraoperative blood salvage (IBS) in the operation of infective endocarditis (IE) and the risk factors of death within half a year after operation.Methods:Used retrospective research methods, a total of 61 patients who were diagnosed as IE and received surgical treatment in Department of Cardiovascular and Large Vascular Surgery, Huizhou Central People′s Hospital from April 2017 to November 2020 were selected as subjects. The patients were divided into autologous group ( n=30) and allogeneic group ( n=31) according to different blood transfusion methods. Patients in the autogenous group received IBS, and patients in the allogeneic group received allogeneic blood transfusion. The indexes of coagulation function [activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT), thrombin tim(TT), prothrombin time(PT), D-dimmer(D-D), fibrinogen degradation product(FDP)], immune reaction (CD3 + CD4 + T cells, CD3 + CD8 + T cells, CD16 + CD56 + NK cells, TLR2 + cells, TLR4 + cells) and inflammatory reaction [soluble CD40 ligand(sCD40L), neutrophil chemokine -1(CINC-1), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6)] were compared between the autologous group and the allogeneic group, as well as the incidence of postoperative adverse reactions. The end event was death half a year after operation, and the subjects were divided into death group ( n=15) and survival group ( n=46). The clinical data of the death group and the survival group were compared. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), and t-test was used for comparison between groups; Chi-square test was used for comparison of enumeration data between groups, and the IBS variables were included and excluded to establish the prediction models of death half a year after operation, respectively. The model was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), and the model was internally verified by the method of Bootstrap repeated sampling. IBS was included and removed to establish the prediction model of death within half a year after surgery, and ROC was used to evaluate the model. Bootstrap repeated sampling was used to verify the model internally. Results:Cardiac insufficiency, hypotension, IBS, multivalvular disease and age were independent risk factors for postoperative death ( P<0.05). The model with IBS variables has higher predictive value. 5 days after operation, there were significant differences in the indexes of immune reaction [CD3 + CD4 + T cells: (37.49±5.74)% vs (31.68±4.46)%, CD3 + CD8 + T cells: (23.07±3.24)% vs (17.82±2.29)%, CD16 + CD56 + NK cells: (1.61±0.18)% vs (1.02±0.15)%, TLR2 + cells: (9.24±1.15)% vs (18.40±2.21)%, TLR4 + cells: (7.79±0.82)% vs (12.33±1.57)%] and inflammatory reaction [sCD40L: (59.21±7.80) pg/mL vs (84.33±9.35) pg/mL, CINC-1: (40.27±5.83) pg/mL vs (72.86±9.35) pg/mL, TNF-α: (10.86±1.26) ng/mL vs (17.03±2.20) ng/mL and IL-6: (6.32±0.77) ng/mL vs (11.35±1.74) ng/mL] between autologous group and allogeneic group ( P<0.01). Intra-group comparison of patients in autologous group, before and 5 days after operation, there were significant differences in the indexes of immune response [CD3 + CD4 + T cells: (48.55±6.67)% vs (37.49±5.74)%, CD3 + CD8 + T cells: (30.38±4.69)% vs (23.07±3.24)%, CD16 + CD56 + NK cells: (2.53±0.44)% vs (1.61±0.18)%, TLR2 + cells: (6.50±0.61)% vs (9.24±1.15)%, TLR4 + cells: (4.02±0.63)% vs (7.79±0.82)%] and inflammatory response [sCD40L: (38.64±6.75) pg/mL vs (59.21±7.80) pg/mL, CINC-1: (31.65±5.68) pg/mL vs (40.27±5.83) pg/mL, TNF-α: (7.59±0.85) ng/mL vs (10.86±1.26) ng/mL and IL-6 (5.10±0.63) ng/mL vs (6.32±0.77) ng/mL] ( P<0.01). Intra-group comparison of patients in allogeneic group, before and 5 days after operation, there were significant differences in the indexes of immune reaction [CD3 + CD4 + T cells: (49.13±6.82)% vs (31.68±4.46)%, CD3 + CD8 + T cells: (30.65±4.91)% vs (17.82±2.29)%, CD16 + CD56 + NK cells: (2.51±0.26)% vs (1.02±0.15)%, TLR2 + cells: (6.36±0.66)% vs (18.40±2.21)%, TLR4 + cells (4.08±0.56)% vs (12.33±1.57)%] and inflammatory response [sCD40L: (39.14±6.03) pg/mL vs (84.33±9.35) pg/mL, CINC-1: (31.24±5.77) pg/mL vs (72.86±9.35) pg/mL, TNF-α: (7.64±0.76) ng/mL vs (17.03±2.20) ng/mL and IL-6: (5.04±0.82) ng/mL vs (11.3±1.74) ng/mL] ( P<0.01). There were 3 cases of hypoproteinemia, 2 cases of incision infection and 1 case of cardiac adverse event in the autologous group; 4 cases of hypoproteinemia, 3 cases of incision infection and 1 case of cardiac adverse event in the allogeneic group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative adverse reactions between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The predictive model included in IBS can better predict the mortality of within half a year after IE. The use of IBS in IE surgery will not significantly affect the blood coagulation function and the incidence of postoperative adverse reactions, but can improve immune function and inhibit inflammatory reaction.

20.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 201-205, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004344

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effect of blood donation related self-efficacy on blood donation intention, in order to provide valuable reference for formulating the recruitment and service strategy for blood donors with different demographic characteristics. 【Methods】 A questionnaire was designed based on psychological self-efficacy theory, and respondents in Nanchong city were taken as the research objects. The data of demographic characteristics, blood donation related self-efficacy measurement and blood donation intention measurement of the respondents who were randomly selected by convenient sampling method were collected and analyzed by rank sum test. 【Results】 The number of previous blood donation was significantly correlated with blood donation related self-efficacy and blood donation intention, and there was a strong positive correlation between blood donation related self-efficacy and blood donation intention (r=0.618). There are significant differences in blood donation related self-efficacy or blood donation intention of respondents with different blood donation experiences (P0.05). 【Conclusion】 Blood donation intention can be increased by enhancing the blood donation related self-efficacy of respondents. We can focus on the recruitment of respondents with high self-efficacy in the areas covered by the survey during the practice of blood donor recruitment and service to achieve higher recruitment efficiency. In the meantime, special attention should also be paid to the people with relatively low self-efficacy and high-quality services should be provided t to expand blood donor team. Furthermore, blood donor recruitment and services can be appropriately expanded to the countryside as needed.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL