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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879089


Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) injections boast a definite efficacy and have been widely used in clinic. However, the problems in medication safety have been attracted increasing attention. Pharmacokinetics is of significance to guiding TCM injection administration regimen design and improving safety and effectiveness in clinical use. In recent years, with the improvement of ideas, technology and methods of TCM studies, the pharmacokinetic studies of TCM injections have been broadly performed, with a notable progress. This paper reviewed the advance in pharmacokinetics studies of TCM injections in recent ten years, which mainly focused on pre-clinical concentration-time course, distribution, metabolism and excretion in vivo based on analysis techniques, pharmacokinetic interactions of constitutes, impact of pathological state, pharmacokinetic interactions between TCM injection and chemical drugs, and clinical pharmacokinetics studies of TCM injections, in the expectation of providing reference for studies on quality control, product development and rational clinical use of TCM injections.

Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 655-661, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878088


BACKGROUND@#The antioxidant effects of bilirubin in Parkinson's disease (PD) have recently gained much attention from the research community. However, results from these studies have been conflicting. This meta-analysis is conducted to assess the relationship between the serum bilirubin concentration and the risk of PD.@*METHODS@#Two reviewers performed a systematic literature search across five databases (MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials). The case-control studies regarding bilirubin levels in PD patients published up to April 2020 were included. These studies were subjected to rigorous scrutiny and data extraction to determine the standard mean difference (SMD) and the 95% confidence interval (CI), which were analyzed using the Stata V.12.0 statistical software.@*RESULTS@#A total of eight studies which included 1463 PD cases and 1490 controls were incorporated into our meta-analysis. SMD analysis showed that there was a higher total bilirubin (TBIL) and direct bilirubin (DBIL) levels in PD patients compared with controls (for TBIL, SMD: 0.300, 95% CI: 0.050-0.549, P = 0.018; for DBIL, SMD: 0.395, 95% CI: 0.102-0.688, P = 0.008). However, no significant relationship was found between the serum indirect bilirubin and PD patients (SMD: -0.223, 95% CI: -0.952-0.505, P = 0.548). A subgroup analysis based on ethnicity indicated that the serum TBIL was higher in PD patients of Caucasian descent in contrast to matched healthy controls (SMD: 0.511, 95% CI: 0.324-0.698, P = 0.000, I2 = 58.0%).@*CONCLUSION@#Higher serum bilirubin levels in PD patients suggest that bilirubin might play a role in the pathogenesis of PD and have the potential to be utilized as a biochemical marker for PD diagnosis and treatment.

Bilirubin , Case-Control Studies , European Continental Ancestry Group , Humans , Parkinson Disease
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689888


Flavonoids have attracted much attention due to their good anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation and anti-tumor effects. At present, the extraction of flavonoids is mainly based on organic solvent, while the researches on the use of green and safe solvents are quite limited. Therefore, in the present study, different types of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were applied to investigate their effect on extraction of flavonoids and optimize the process, also investigate the recovery efficiency of DESs and evaluate the recovery method for total flavonoids. The extraction yield of the total flavonoids acted as the comprehensive evaluation indexes, and a central composite design (CCD) of response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to further optimize the alcohol-based DES extraction conditions. The results showed that the optimized extraction conditions were as follows: water-DES ratio of 27%, solid-liquid ratio of 15 mL·g⁻¹, extraction temperature of 83 °C and extraction time of 42 min in ChCl-glycerol at 1:4 ratio. Under these conditions, the mean experimental value of the extraction yield (75.05 mg·g⁻¹) corresponded well with the predicted value (77.86 mg·g⁻¹). Moreover, these experimental results showed more advantages such as in higher efficiency, economy and environmental protection as compared with previously reported conventional extraction methods. In addition,the recovery yield of the total flavonoids from the DESs extraction solution achieved 97.88% by using AB-8 macroporous resin, and 88.12% desorption ratio can be achieved by 100% ethanol with 5 times resin content. After the above treated DESs were collected, the extraction yield with the same method reached 95.23%, indicating that the method of macroporous resin can be used for efficient and simple recovery and reuse. This study suggests that DESs can be used as a kind of sustainable and efficient natural extraction solvents for extraction of flavonoids from Prunella vulgaris.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838398


Objective To establish a transgenic breast cancer mouse model with human Her2 overexpression and to identify the mouse model. Methods The purified exogenous plasmid pMD18T-MMTV-huHER2-EGFP was constructed and injected into C57BL/6J mouse fertilized eggs by prokaryotic microinjection method. Then the embryos were transplanted into the fallopian tubes of pseudopregnant mice in estrus simultaneously, and the offspring mice were obtained. The genomic DNA of offspring mice was identified by PCR method. The expression of Her2 protein in the breast tissue of offspring mice was detected by Western blotting analysis. The pathological changes of breast tissue in transgenic mice were observed by histopathological section. Results Her2 transgenic mice were detected by PCR method. Western blotting analysis showed that, compared with wild-type mice, the expression of Her2 protein in the breast tissue of F2 generation positive mice was significantly higher. Histopathological sections showed that the breast tissue of F2 generation positive mice of 25 weeks old had an obvious carcinogenic tendency. Conclusion The transgenic breast cancer mouse model with human Her2 overexpression has been successfully established, with stable genetic and spontaneous formation of breast cancer. The biological characteristics and pathological changes of the model are similar to human breast cancer, indicating that it can be used as an animal model to study the development and progression of breast cancer.