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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Based on the anatomical differences between discoid lateral meniscus(DLM) and normal lateral meniscus (NLM), this study aims to setting up the ultrasound examination parameters to distinguish DLM and NLM and explore the diagnostic value of these parameters on DLM.@*METHODS@#According to the inclusion, exclusion and matching criteria, 66 DLM patients(DLM group) and 132 NLM patients with other knee joint diseases(NLM group), hospitalized from October 2019 to June 2020, were included in this study. There were 18 males and 48 females in the DLM group, ranging in age from 3 to 60 years old, with a mean of (36.9±12.1) years old;36 males and 96 females in the NLM group, ranging in age from 3 to 60 years old, with a mean of (40.0±12.2) years old. Philips high frequency(3.0 to 12.0 MHz) linear array ultrasound probe was used to examine the lateral meniscus of all patients in two groups. Nine parameters including the thickness, width and the included angle of the anterior angle, body and posterior angle respectively in the lateral meniscus were measured. The included angke is formed by the chords of the upper and lower curved surfaces of the meniscus at the free edge. The independent t test was used to analyze the difference of the measured parameters between the DLM group and the NLM group. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to evaluate the cut-off value of each parameter for diagnosing DLM and the corresponding sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and area under the ROC curve(AUC).@*RESULTS@#The above 9 ultrasound measurement parameters between the DLM group and the NLM group had significant statistical differences(P<0.001). The ROC curve analysis method evaluated the cut-off value and diagnostic capabilities of these nine ultrasound parameters for DLM. The results showed that the cut-off value of the included angle of anterior part, body and posterior part were 25.85°, 24.85° and 29.15 °, respectively;and the sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and AUC were significantly higher than other parameters, which were 88%, 91%, 79%, 95%, 0.94;89%, 94%, 82%, 97%, 0.96; 92%, 97%, 86%, 98%, 0.97, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound diagnosis of DLM is feasible and reliable. The diagnostic ability of the included angle of the anterior part, body and posterior part in the lateral meniscus measured by ultrasound to diagnose DLM are significantly better than other ultrasound measurement parameters, and the sensitivity and specificity of those parameters are close to MRI. Therefore, ultrasound can be used as a reliable method for preliminary diagnosis of DLM.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Menisci, Tibial/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Ultrasonography , Young Adult
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1299-1309, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878164

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Bendamustine was approved in China on May 26th, 2019 by the National Medical Product Administration for the treatment of indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The current study was the registration trial and the first reported evaluation of the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of bendamustine in Chinese adult patients with indolent B-cell NHL following relapse after chemotherapy and rituximab treatment.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase 3 study (NCT01596621; C18083/3076) with a 2-year follow-up period. Eligible patients received bendamustine hydrochloride 120 mg/m2 infused intravenously on days 1 and 2 of each 21-day treatment cycle for at least six planned cycles (and up to eight cycles). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR); and secondary endpoints were duration of response (DoR), progression-free survival (PFS), safety, and pharmacokinetics. Patients were classified according to their best overall response after initiation of therapy. Proportions of patients in each response category (complete response [CR], partial response [PR], stable disease, or progressive disease) were summarized along with a two-sided binomial exact 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the ORR.@*RESULTS@#A total of 102 patients were enrolled from 20 centers between August 6th, 2012, and June 18th, 2015. At the time of the primary analysis, the ORR was 73% (95% CI: 63%-81%) per Independent Review Committee (IRC) including 19% CR and 54% PR. With the follow-up period, the median DoR was 16.2 months by IRC and 13.4 months by investigator assessment; the median PFS was 18.6 months and 15.3 months, respectively. The most common non-hematologic adverse events (AEs) were gastrointestinal toxicity, pyrexia, and rash. Grade 3/4 neutropenia was reported in 76% of patients. Serious AEs were reported in 29 patients and five patients died during the study. Pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that the characteristics of bendamustine and its metabolites M3 and M4 were generally consistent with those reported for other ethnicities.@*CONCLUSION@#Bendamustine is an active and effective therapy in Chinese patients with relapsed, indolent B-cell NHL, with a comparable risk/benefit relationship to that reported in North American patients.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, No. NCT01596621; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01596621.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bendamustine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , China , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1584-1592, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887592

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There were few studies on real-world data about autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) or allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT) in peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of patients who received auto-HSCT or allo-HSCT in China.@*METHODS@#From July 2007 to June 2017, a total of 128 patients who received auto-HSCT (n  = 72) or allo-HSCT (n  = 56) at eight medical centers across China were included in this study. We retrospectively collected their demographic and clinical data and compared the clinical outcomes between groups.@*RESULTS@#Patients receiving allo-HSCT were more likely to be diagnosed with stage III or IV disease (95% vs. 82%, P = 0.027), bone marrow involvement (42% vs. 15%, P = 0.001), chemotherapy-resistant disease (41% vs. 8%, P = 0.001), and progression disease (32% vs. 4%, P < 0.001) at transplantation than those receiving auto-HSCT. With a median follow-up of 30 (2-143) months, 3-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in the auto-HSCT group were 70%(48/63) and 59%(42/63), respectively. Three-year OS and PFS for allo-HSCT recipients were 46%(27/54) and 44%(29/54), respectively. There was no difference in relapse rate (34%[17/63] in auto-HSCT vs. 29%[15/54] in allo-HSCT, P = 0.840). Three-year non-relapse mortality rate in auto-HSCT recipients was 6%(4/63) compared with 27%(14/54) for allo-HSCT recipients (P = 0.004). Subanalyses showed that patients with lower prognostic index scores for PTCL (PIT) who received auto-HSCT in an upfront setting had a better outcome than patients with higher PIT scores (3-year OS: 85% vs. 40%, P = 0.003). Patients with complete remission (CR) undergoing auto-HSCT had better survival (3-year OS: 88% vs. 48% in allo-HSCT, P = 0.008). For patients beyond CR, the outcome of patients who received allo-HSCT was similar to that in the atuo-HSCT group (3-year OS: 51% vs. 46%, P = 0.300).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study provided real-world data about auto-HSCT and allo-HSCT in China. Auto-HSCT seemed to be associated with better survival for patients in good condition (lower PIT score and/or better disease control). For patients possessing unfavorable characteristics, the survival of patients receiving allo-HSCT group was similar to that in the auto-HSCT group.


Subject(s)
China , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome
4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 401-403, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798266

ABSTRACT

@#Since the end of 2019, the novel coronavirus pneumonia(COVID-19)has rapidly spread in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China. This has aroused great concern of the Chinese government and the international community. There have been unconfirmed threads of COVID-19 patients with conjunctivitis as the first symptom. Therefore, the issue that whether and how the novel coronavirus strain SARS-CoV-2 infection is transmitted through the ocular surface has become a new concern. In the absence of clinical and experimental evidence of COVID-19 in ocular infection, we have conducted a retrospective literature analysis of viral pathogens that simultaneously trigger ocular lesions during the onset of epidemic diseases. The purpose of this paper is to provide some reference and suggestions for appropriately understanding of ocular protection in the prevention and control of the COVID-19.

5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 312-316, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818425

ABSTRACT

PD-1/PD-L1 plays a pivotal role in the inhibition of T lymphocytes and tumor immune escape. Immunological checkpoint inhibitors of PD-1/PD-L1 can restore inactivated T cells and enhance the ability of killing tumor cell. At present, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors have been used in a variety of tumor types. Although some patients prove significant effects, there are still some patients with primary or acquired resistance to PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. The mechanism of resistance is related to the loss of the first signal or costimulatory signal, the expression of PD-1/PD-L1,the expression of other immune checkpoints on the surface of T cells, the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and systemic immunity. And we will find ways to prolong the survival time of patients through the combination therapy. This article mainly reviews the resistance mechanism and combination therapy of PD-1/PD-L1.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 253-257, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818222

ABSTRACT

Objective The association of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection with the clinical features and prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between HBV infection and the clinical characteristics and prognosis of DLBCL. Methods This retrospective included 199 cases of DLBCL initially treated in our Department of Oncology from January 2012 to December 2017, which fell into an HBV group (n = 92) and a non-HBV group (n = 107). We recorded the clinical features, liver function before and during the treatment, progression-free survival and overall survival of the patients. Based on the level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and the presence of HBV infection, we again divided the patients into four groups: normal (non-HBV infection and normal LDH, n = 67), high LDH (without HBV infection, n = 40), HBV (HBV infection with normal LDH, n = 59), and HBV+high LDH (with both HBV infection and high LDH, n = 33), and compared the results of treatment among different groups. Results The incidence rate of liver damage was significantly higher in the HBV than in the non-HBV group before chemotherapy (P 0.05). The rate of therapeutic effectiveness was remarkably lower in the HBV+high LDH than in the normal, high LDH and HBV groups (30.3% vs 82.1%, 87.5% and 88.1%, P < 0.01). The progression-free survival was markedly longer in the non-HBV than in the HBV group ([63.9 ± 2.4] vs [45.7 ± 2.9] mo, P = 0.004). Conclusion HBV infection is involved in the development and progression of DLBCL, and may act synergetically with high LDH and exerts a negative effect on the therapeutic efficacy.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#We aimed to evaluate the combined effects of a high body shape index (ABSI) and a high serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level on the incidence of ischemic stroke in a Mongolian population in China.@*METHODS@#A prospective cohort study was conducted among 2,589 participants from June 2002 to July 2012 in Inner Mongolia, China. The participants were categorized into 4 groups according to their level of ABSI and CRP. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for ischemic stroke among all groups.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate adjusted HRs (95% CI) of ischemic stroke for high ABSI and high CRP level were 1.46 (0.89-2.39) and 1.63 (0.95-2.79), respectively. Compared with the low ABSI/low CRP level group, the multivariate adjusted HRs (95% CI) of ischemic stroke in the low ABSI/high CRP, high ABSI/low CRP, and high ABSI/high CRP groups were 1.04 (0.46-2.35), 1.06 (0.58-1.95) and 2.52 (1.27-5.00), respectively. The HR of ischemic stroke for the high ABSI/high CRP level group was the highest and most statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#We found that participants with simultaneously high ABSI and high CRP levels had the highest risk of ischemic stroke in the Mongolian population. Our findings suggest that the combination of high ABSI and high CRP levels may increase the risk of ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anthropometry , Brain Ischemia , Epidemiology , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Mongolia , Ethnology , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke , Epidemiology
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690657

ABSTRACT

This prospective study was designed to examine the combined influence of insulin resistance (IR) and inflammatory biomarker levels on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among 1,903 Inner Mongolians. During follow-up, 205 (10.77%) participants developed T2DM, and the incidence of T2DM was higher among subjects with IR, elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), elevated sICAM-1, elevated sE-selectin, or the coexistences of IR with elevated CRP, elevated sICAM-1, elevated sE-selectin, and elevated angiotensin II (all P < 0.05) compared with patients without IR or any elevated biomarkers. In multivariate analysis, the odd ratios [OR, (95% confidence intervals)] for these conditions were 1.944 (1.405-2.691), 2.003 (1.449-2.767), 1.706 (1.232-2.362), 1.560 (1.123-2.165), 2.708 (1.809-4.054), 1.885 (1.155-3.078), 2.101 (1.340-3.295), and 2.260 (1.426-3.582), respectively. Our findings demonstrated that IR and elevated inflammatory biomarkers were associated with T2DM, and that the coexistence of IR and elevated inflammatory biomarkers increased the risk of T2DM.


Subject(s)
Asians , Biomarkers , China , Epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Blood , Epidemiology , Genetics , Humans , Inflammation , Metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Genetics , Physiology , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Prospective Studies
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690634

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the China-PAR equations in predicting the 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Inner Mongolians population. A population-based, prospective cohort of 2,589 Mongolians were followed up from 2003 to 2012. Participants were categorized into 4 subgroups according to their 10-year CVD risks calculated using the China-PAR equations: < 5%, 5%-9.9%, 10%-19.9%, and ⪖ 20%. The China-PAR equations discriminated well with good C statistics (range, 0.76-0.86). The adjusted hazard ratios for CVD showed an increasing trend among the 4 subgroups (P for trend < 0.01). However, the China-PAR equations underestimated the 10-year CVD risk in Mongolians, and the calibration was unsatisfactory (Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2 = 19.98, P < 0.01 for men, χ2 = 46.58, P < 0.001 for women). The performance of the China-PAR equations warrants further validation in other ethnic groups in China.


Subject(s)
Asians , Cardiovascular Diseases , Epidemiology , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Mongolia , Ethnology , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) incidence and identify some high predictive clusters in the Inner Mongolian population in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1,884 Mongolian individuals aged 20 years or above were followed up from 2002 to 2013 and included in the final analysis. We categorized the participants into two subgroups according to the study outcome event. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the effect of clustering of CVRFs on the incidence of T2DM. Areas under the curve were used to compare the effect of every cluster on T2DM and identify those having higher predictive value.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We found 203 persons with T2DM. Subjects with incident T2DM tended to be older, had a higher prevalence of drinking, had higher systolic and diastolic pressures; total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and C-reactive protein levels; waist circumference; body mass index; and heart rate and lower HDL-C level than did those without T2DM. The multivariable adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) of T2DM was calculated based on comparisons with subjects with 0 CVRFs; in participants with 2 and ⪖ 3 factors, the adjusted hazard ratios were 2.257 (1.448, 3.518) and 3.316 (2.119, 5.188), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clustering of CVRFs increased the risk of T2DM. On the basis of fast heart rate, the cluster of abdominal obesity and other CVRFs had higher predictive value for T2DM than the other three CVRF clusters.</p>

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1767-1775, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775145

ABSTRACT

Background@#Prospective real-life data on the safety and effectiveness of rituximab in Chinese patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or follicular lymphoma (FL) are limited. This real-world study aimed to evaluate long-term safety and effectiveness outcomes of rituximab plus chemotherapy (R-chemo) as first-line treatment in Chinese patients with DLBCL or FL. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation management was also investigated.@*Methods@#A prospective, multicenter, single-arm, noninterventional study of previously untreated CD20-positive DLBCL or FL patients receiving first-line R-chemo treatment at 24 centers in China was conducted between January 17, 2011 and October 31, 2016. Enrolled patients underwent safety and effectiveness assessments after the last rituximab dose and were followed up for 3 years. Effectiveness endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Safety endpoints were adverse events (AEs), serious AEs, drug-related AEs, and AEs of special interest. We also reported data on the incidence of HBV reactivation.@*Results@#In total, 283 previously untreated CD20-positive DLBCL and 31 FL patients from 24 centers were enrolled. Three-year PFS was 59% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 50-67%) for DLBCL patients and 46% (95% CI: 20-69%) for FL patients. For DLBCL patients, multivariate analyses showed that PFS was not associated with international prognostic index, tumor maximum diameter, HBV infection status, or number of rituximab treatment cycles, and OS was only associated with age >60 years (P < 0.05). R-chemo was well tolerated. The incidence of HBV reactivation in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive and HBsAg-negative/hepatitis B core antibody-positive patients was 13% (3/24) and 4% (3/69), respectively.@*Conclusions@#R-chemo is effective and safe in real-world clinical practice as first-line treatment for DLBCL and FL in China, and that HBV reactivation during R-chemo is manageable with preventive measures and treatment.@*Trial Registration@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01340443; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01340443.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , China , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphoma, Follicular , Drug Therapy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses , Vincristine
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311368

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>We aimed to evaluate the combined effect of a family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and high serum C-reactive protein (CRP) on the stroke incidence in an Inner Mongolian population in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective cohort study was conducted from June 2002 to July 2012, with 2,544 participants aged 20 years and over from Inner Mongolia, China. We categorized participants into four groups based on the family history of CVD and CRP levels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We adjusted for age; sex; smoking; drinking; hypertension; body mass index; waist circumference; and blood glucose, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Compared with the group with no family history of CVD/low CRP levels, the group with family history of CVD/high CRP levels had a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.78 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.03-3.07; P = 0.039] of stroke, and an HR of 2.14 (95% CI, 1.09-4.20; P = 0.027) of ischemic stroke. The HRs of hemorrhagic stroke for the other three groups were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Participants with both a family history of CVD and high CRP levels had the highest stroke incidence, suggesting that high CRP levels may increase stroke risk, especially of ischemic stroke, among individuals with a family history of CVD.</p>


Subject(s)
Asians , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Cardiovascular Diseases , Epidemiology , Genetics , China , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke , Epidemiology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296580

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>We aimed to investigate the cumulative effect of high CRP level and apolipoprotein B-to-apolipoprotein A-1 (ApoB/ApoA-1) ratio on the incidence of ischemic stroke (IS) or coronary heart disease (CHD) in a Mongolian population in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2003 to July 2012, 2589 Mongolian participants were followed up for IS and CHD events based on baseline investigation. All the participants were divided into four subgroups according to C-reactive protein (CRP) level and ApoB/ApoA-1 ratio. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the IS and CHD events in all the subgroups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HRs (95% CI) for IS and CHD were 1.33 (0.84-2.12), 1.14 (0.69-1.88), and 1.91 (1.17-3.11) in the 'low CRP level with high ApoB/ApoA-1', 'high CRP level with low ApoB/ApoA-1', and 'high CRP level with high ApoB/ApoA-1' subgroups, respectively, in comparison with the 'low CRP level with low ApoB/ApoA-1' subgroup. The risks of IS and CHD events was highest in the 'high CRP level with high ApoB/ApoA-1' subgroup, with statistical significance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>High CRP level with high ApoB/ApoA-1 ratio was associated with the highest risks of IS and CHD in the Mongolian population. This study suggests that the combination of high CRP and ApoB/ApoA-1 ratio may improve the assessment of future risk of developing IS and CHD in the general population.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Apolipoproteins A , Classification , Genetics , Metabolism , Apolipoproteins B , Genetics , Metabolism , C-Reactive Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Cohort Studies , Coronary Disease , Epidemiology , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Mongolia , Epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke , Epidemiology , Young Adult
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296568

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>No previous studies have evaluated the association between dyslipidemia, alcohol drinking, and diabetes in an Inner Mongolian population. We aimed to evaluate the co-effects of drinking and dyslipidemia on diabetes incidence in this population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The present study was based on 1880 participants from a population-based prospective cohort study among Inner Mongolians living in China. Participants were classified into four subgroups according to their drinking status and dyslipidemia. Multivariate logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the association between alcohol drinking, dyslipidemia, and diabetes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During the follow-up period, 203 participants were found to have developed diabetes. The multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for the incidence of non-dyslipidemia/drinkers, dyslipidemia/non-drinkers, and dyslipidemia/drinkers in diabetic patients were 1.40 (0.82-2.37), 1.73 (1.17-2.55), and 2.31 (1.38-3.87), respectively, when compared with non-dyslipidemia/non-drinkers. The area under the ROC curve for a model containing dyslipidemia and drinking status along with conventional factors (AUC=0.746) was significantly (P=0.003) larger than the one containing only conventional factors (AUC=0.711).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The present study showed that dyslipidemia was an independent risk factor for diabetes, and that drinkers with dyslipidemia had the highest risk of diabetes in the Mongolian population. These findings suggest that dyslipidemia and drinking status may be valuable in predicting diabetes incidence.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Alcohol Drinking , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Cholesterol, HDL , Metabolism , Cholesterol, LDL , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology , Metabolism , Dyslipidemias , Epidemiology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Mongolia , Epidemiology , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Risk Factors
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331129

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects of miRNA-155 on malignant biological characteristics of NK/T-cell lymphoma cell lines and the possible mechanism. The expression of miRNA-155 was detected in lymphoma cell lines from different sources (SNK-6, YTS, Jurkat and DOHH2) by real-time PCR. Lentiviral vectors (pLL3.7) that could overexpress or downexpress miRNA-155 were constructed. Recombinant lentiviral particles were prepared and purified, and their titers determined. The expression of miRNA-155 in the infected SNK-6 cells and the cell proliferation were detected by PCR and CCK-8, respectively. Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptosis of infected SNK-6 cells. The target of miRNA155 was predicted from Targetscan website. The effect of miRNA155 on FOXO3a expression was examined by Western blotting. The results showed that among the human NK/T-cell lymphoma cell lines SNK-6, YTS, Jurkat and DOHH2, the expression of miRNA-155 was highest in SNK-6. The infection efficiency of the recombinant lentivirus in SNK-6 was more than 70% at multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 100. The expression of miRNA-155 was significantly increased in SNK-6 cells infected by lentivirus vectors with high expression of miRNA-155 (4 times higher than the control group), and profoundly decreased in those infected with lentiviruses with low expression of miRNA-155. The proliferation of letivirus-infected SNK-6 cells was decreased as the expression of miRNA-155 reduced. The apoptosis rate was increased with the reduction in the expression of miRNA-155. FOXO3a was found to be a possible target of miRNA155, as suggested by Targetscan website. Western blotting showed that the expression of FOXO3a was significantly elevated in SNK-6 cells with miRNA-155 inhibition. It was concluded that reduction in miRNA-155 expression can inhibit the proliferation of SNK-6 lymphoma cells and promote their apoptosis, which may be associated with regulation of FOXO3a gene.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genetics , Forkhead Box Protein O3 , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Natural Killer T-Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Neoplasm , Genetics , Transduction, Genetic
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1491-1493, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641944

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the status of myopia in students from different kinds of schools in Shantou city, China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 2 418 students from 4 middle and high schools in Shantou were surveyed through randomized cluster sampling. Ophthalmic examination and auto-refraction were performed for all subjects. RESULTS: Among all 2 394 students examined. The myopia rates for students from middle and high school were 48. 07% and 68. 28%. In normal middle school, students from rural area had lower rate of myopia than students from the urban area (χ2 = 13. 879, P CONCLUSION:The prevalence of myopia in the middle school of urban area in Shantou was higher than rural area. The increasing rate of myopia in youngsters is correlated with study stress. In order to decrease the myopia rate, it is extremely important to improve study environment in students.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636889

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects of miRNA-155 on malignant biological characteristics of NK/T-cell lymphoma cell lines and the possible mechanism. The expression of miRNA-155 was detected in lymphoma cell lines from different sources (SNK-6, YTS, Jurkat and DOHH2) by real-time PCR. Lentiviral vectors (pLL3.7) that could overexpress or downexpress miRNA-155 were constructed. Recombinant lentiviral particles were prepared and purified, and their titers determined. The expression of miRNA-155 in the infected SNK-6 cells and the cell proliferation were detected by PCR and CCK-8, respectively. Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptosis of infected SNK-6 cells. The target of miRNA155 was predicted from Targetscan website. The effect of miRNA155 on FOXO3a expression was examined by Western blotting. The results showed that among the human NK/T-cell lymphoma cell lines SNK-6, YTS, Jurkat and DOHH2, the expression of miRNA-155 was highest in SNK-6. The infection efficiency of the recombinant lentivirus in SNK-6 was more than 70% at multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 100. The expression of miRNA-155 was significantly increased in SNK-6 cells infected by lentivirus vectors with high expression of miRNA-155 (4 times higher than the control group), and profoundly decreased in those infected with lentiviruses with low expression of miRNA-155. The proliferation of letivirus-infected SNK-6 cells was decreased as the expression of miRNA-155 reduced. The apoptosis rate was increased with the reduction in the expression of miRNA-155. FOXO3a was found to be a possible target of miRNA155, as suggested by Targetscan website. Western blotting showed that the expression of FOXO3a was significantly elevated in SNK-6 cells with miRNA-155 inhibition. It was concluded that reduction in miRNA-155 expression can inhibit the proliferation of SNK-6 lymphoma cells and promote their apoptosis, which may be associated with regulation of FOXO3a gene.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345692

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate impact factors for the efficacy of specific immunotherapy (SIT) in children with dust mite allergic asthma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-nine children with house dust mite allergic asthma received standardized SIT, and the level of asthma control was evaluated after 6 months (S1 stage), 12 months (S2 stage), 18 months (S3 stage), and 24 months (S4 stage) of treatment. The age of first visit, course of asthma, level of asthma severity, initial serum specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) level, combination with allergic rhinitis or atopic dermatitis, use of inhaled corticosteroids, and local or systemic side effects during treatment were recorded, and their impacts on the level of asthma control were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As the SIT proceeded, the number of clinically controlled cases increased significantly (P<0.01). The level of asthma control was significantly affected by the age of patients at first visit in S1 and S3 stages, and combination with allergic rhinitis or atopic dermatitis in S1 stage (P<0.05). In all stages of SIT, the controlled cases had significantly higher initial serum sIgE levels than the uncontrolled cases (P<0.05). In S1 and S2 stages, there was a significantly higher proportion of controlled cases among children with a high level of asthma severity than among those with a low level of asthma severity (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There is a positive correlation between long-term efficacy of SIT and the course or the total dose of treatment. Patients with higher initial serum sIgE levels achieve clinical control earlier than those with lower initial serum sIgE levels during SIT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Animals , Asthma , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Child , Child, Preschool , Desensitization, Immunologic , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Male , Pyroglyphidae , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820528

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in gastric cancer and the clinicopathological features and prognosis.@*METHODS@#A total of 78 paraffin specimens of gastric cancer operation were collected. The immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression of EGFR in 78 cases of gastric cancer and 20 cases of adjacent normal tissue. The relationship between the high expression of EGFR and clinicopathological features was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#EGFR positive expression rate in the 78 cases of gastric cancer tissue was 57.7 % (45/78), while EGFR was not expressed in 20 cases of adjacent normal tissue. The high EGFR expression was positively correlated with the position of gastric cancer, tumor size, cell differentiation, invasive depth, lymph node metastasis and TNM staging, yet having no obvious relation with gender or age.@*CONCLUSIONS@#EGFR expression level in gastric cancer is closely related to the incidence and development of gastric cancer, which can provide a theoretical basis for the targeted therapy for gastric cancer with EGFR as the target.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , ErbB Receptors , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Infant , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Metabolism , Mortality , Pathology , Survival Rate , Tumor Burden , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 369-373, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335277

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression and significance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2, MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP-2, TIMP-1) in non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty six patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and 32 patients with basal cell carcinoma (BCC), confirmed by pathology, were selected, and 30 cases of normal skin were selected as control. The expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 in all samples were examined by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The expression rate, expression intensity and expression level of each factor were recorded. The results were compared between the groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression rates of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the control group were 30.0% and 36.7%, the expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the control group were 57.216 ± 12.785 and 59.318 ± 13.262, all significantly lower than those in the tumor edge and center of the SCC and BCC groups (P < 0.01). The expression rates of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 in the control group were 96.7% and 100%, their expression levels were 121.738 ± 25.516 and 122.612 ± 25.964, all significantly higher than those in the SCC and BCC groups (P < 0.01). The expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the tumor center and edge of SCC group were significantly higher than those in the corresponding parts of the BCC group, while the expression levels of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 were significantly lower than those in the BCC group (P < 0.01). The expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the tumor edge of the SCC and BCC groups were significantly higher than those in the tumor centers (P < 0.01), while the expression levels of TIMP-1and TIMP-2 were significantly lower than those in the tumor centers (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-2, TIMP-1 may play an important role in the development, progression, invasion and metastasis of non-melanoma skin cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Genetics , Metabolism , Middle Aged , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Skin Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 , Genetics , Metabolism
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