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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928059

ABSTRACT

Protective effect of Qilong Capsules(QL) on the myocardial fibrosis and blood circulation of rats with coronary heart disease of Qi deficiency and blood stasis type was investigated. Sleep deprivation and coronary artery ligation were used to construct a disease-symptom combination model, and 60 SD rats were divided into sham operation(sham) group, syndrome(S) group, disease and syndrome(M) group and QL group randomly. The treatment group received administration of QL 0.4 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1). Other groups were given the same amount of normal saline. The disease indexes of each group [left ventricular end diastolic diameter(LVESD), left ventricular end systolic diameter(LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), left ventricular axis shortening rate(LVFS), myocardial histopathology, platelet morphology, peripheral blood flow] and syndrome indexes(tongue color, pulse, grip power) were detected. In sham group, cardiomyocytes and myocardial fibers were arranged neatly and densely with clear structures. The tongues' color in sham were light red, and the pulse shape were regular. RGB is a parameter reflected the brightness of the image of the tongue. In the S group, the amplitude and frequency of the animal's pulse increased accompanied by decreasing R,G,B, however, the decreased R,G,B was accompanied by reduced pulse amplitude in M group. And in M group, we observed fuzzy cell morphology, hypertrophied myocytes, disordered arrangement of cardiomyocytes and myocardial fibers, reduced peripheral blood flow and increased collagen volume fraction(CVF). Increased LVESD and LVEDD, and decreased LVEF and LVFS represented cardiac function in S group was significantly lower than that in sham. In QL group, the tongue's color was red and the pulse was smooth. The myocardial fibers of the QL group were arranged neatly and secreted less collagen. It improved the blood circulation in the sole and tail, and reversed the increasing of LVEDD, LVESD and the decreasing of LVEF and LVFS of M group. Platelets in M and S group showed high reactivity, and QL could decrease aggregation risk. In conclusion, Qilong Capsules has an obvious myocardial protective effect on ischemic cardiomyopathy, which may inhibit the degree of myocardial fibrosis and reduce platelet reactivity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Cardiomyopathies/drug therapy , Fibrosis , Myocytes, Cardiac , Qi , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906390

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the antidepressant mechanism of Yinxing Mihuan oral solution (YMO) by investigating its effect on depression model rats. Method:The depression rats were induced by isolation combined with chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and then randomly divided into model group, fluoxetine group (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and high-dose (618 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and low-dose (309 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) YMO groups. A blank control group was also set up and ten rats were included in each group. Modeling lasted for 21 consecutive days, and rats were administered the 8th day after stimulation at a dose of 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> for 14 days, except those in the blank control and model groups which were given distilled water. Afterward, the sucrose preference test, open field test, tail suspension test were carried out. The pathological changes of hippocampus in depression rats were observed after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The content of interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>) in the hippocampus of rats in each group and the expression of NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) and other proteins in its related activation signaling pathways were detected with multi-factor detection (Luminex) and Western blot. Result:After 14 days of continuous administration, compared with the blank control group, the model group witnessed significantly reduced sugar water consumption rate and the times of rearing and significantly prolonged cumulative time of immobility during tail suspension (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the fluoxetine group and the high-dose YMO group saw increases in the times of rearing, times of crossing and sugar water consumption rate and a significant decrease in the cumulative time of immobility during tail suspension (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The results of HE staining showed that the neurons in the hippocampus of rats in the high-dose YMO group were arranged in order and slightly loosened, without obvious microglia infiltration observed. The levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> in the hippocampus of the model group increased significantly as compared with the blank control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and their content in the high-dose YMO group was significantly lowered in the comparison with the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Molecular biology experiments demonstrated that compared with the results of blank group, the expression of purinergic receptor P2X7 (P2RX7), NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), Caspase-1 and IL-1<italic>β</italic> remarkably increased in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Additionally, the expression of P2RX7, NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and IL-1<italic>β </italic>was significantly inhibited in the fluoxetine group and the high-dose YMO group compared with the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:YMO can improve the depression-like behaviors of rats induced by isolation combined with CUMS, and its mechanism of action is related to the regulation of the P2RX7/NLRP3 signaling pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771667

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to observe the general state and changes in pathophysiological indexes of multiple cerebral infarction rat model with Qi-deficienty and Blood-stasis syndrome. Rats were randomly divided into 4 groups(with 30 in each group): the normal group, the sham group, the model group and the Yiqi Huoxue recipe group. Rats in the model group and Yiqi Huoxue group were provided with interruptable sleep deprivation for 7 days before the multiple cerebral infarction operation, and followed by another 4 weeks of sleep deprivation; rats in the Yiqi Huoxue group were intragastrically administrated with drug at a dose of 26 g·kg⁻¹, once a day for 4 weeks. The general state was observed, and the pathophysiological indexes were measured at 48 h, 2 weeks and 4 weeks after administration. The results showed that rats in the normal group and the sham group represented a good general state and behaviors, with a normal morphological structure of brain tissues; rats in the model group featured yellow fur, depression, accidie, loose stools and movement disorder, with obvious brain histomorphological damage, which became aggravated with the increase of modeling time; rats in the Yiqi Huoxue group showed release in the general state and above indexes. Compared with the sham group at three time points, rats in the model group showed decrease in body weight, exhaustive swimming time and RGB value of tongue surface image, and increase in whole blood viscosity of the shear rate under 5, 60 and 150 S⁻¹, reduction in cerebral cortex Na⁺-K⁺-ATPase, Ca²⁺-ATPase activity and contents of 5-HT, rise in TXB2 levels and decline in 6-keto-PGF1a in serum(<0.05, <0.01). Compared with the model group, rats in the Yiqi Huoxue group showed alleviations in the above indexes at 2 w and 4 w(<0.05, <0.01). The results showed that the characterization and pathophysiological indexes in the multiple cerebral infarction rat model with Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome were deteriorated; Yiqi Huoxue recipe could significantly alliviate the abnormal conditions, which suggested of the model was stable and reliable and the pathophysiologic evolutionary mechanism might be related to energy metabolism dysfunction, vasoactive substance abnormality and changes in neurotransmitters.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism , Cerebral Infarction , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Energy Metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Qi , Rats , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Metabolism
4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 770-775, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705125

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protection mecha-nism of the extraction of the saffron crocus in ischemia/reperfusion rats. Methods Hematoxylin-eosin stai-ning, electron microscopy, and neurological assess-ments were performed in a transient middle cerebral ar-tery occlusion ( tMCAO ) rat model. The role of dy-namin-related protein 1 ( Drp1 ) and optic atrophy 1 ( Opa1 ) , the two key regulators of mitochondrial fis-sion and fusion in ischemic brain damage in vivo were observed. Results In ischemia/reperfusion rats, the extraction of the saffron crocus increased the level of protein Opa1 and decreased the level of protein Drp1 . Conclusions Inhibition of Drp1 and promotion of Opa1 , which means to maintain balancing mitochondri-al dynamics, is proposed as an efficient strategy for neuroprotection against ischemic brain damage.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275153

ABSTRACT

To further study the brain behavior and the pharmacokinetics of baicalin in intercellular fluid of brain, and study the recovery rate and stability of brain and blood microdialysis probe of baicalin in vitro and in vivo. The concentration of baicalin in brain and blood microdialysates was determined by LC-MS/MS and the probe recovery for baicalin was calculated. The effects of different flow rates (0.50, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0,3.0 μL•min⁻¹) on recovery in vitro were determined by incremental method and decrement method. The effects of different drug concentrations (50.00, 200.0, 500.0, 1 000 μg•L⁻¹) and using times (0, 1, 2) on recovery in vitro were determined by incremental method. The probe recovery stability and effect of flow rate on recovery in vivo were determined by decrement method, and its results were compared with those in in vitro trial. The in vitro recovery of brain and blood probe of baicalin was decreased with the increase of flow rate under the same concentration; and at the same flow rate, different concentrations of baicalin had little influence on the recovery. The probe which had been used for 2 times showed no obvious change in probe recovery by syringe with 2% heparin sodium and ultrapure water successively. In vitro recovery rates obtained by incremental method and decrement method were approximately equal under the same condition, and the in vivo recovery determined by decrement method was similar with the in vitro results and they were showed a good stability within 10 h. The results showed that decrement method can be used for pharmacokinetic study of baicalin, and can be used to study probe recovery in vivo at the same time.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351227

ABSTRACT

To observe the protective effect and mechanism of Sailuotong capsule in focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. The 90 min middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) reperfusion model was established. The expressions of dynamin-related protein 1 ( Drp1) and optic atrophy 1 (Opa1) were tested by Western blot. The transmission electron microscope was used to observe the changes in the mitochondrial ultra-structure. The pathological morphological changes were observed through the HE staining. The immunohistochemical method was used to test Drp1 and Opa1 expressions. Sailuotong capsule (33, 16.5 mg x kg(-1), ig) can inhibit the abnormal mitochondrial fission and fusion in the cortical area on the ischemia side and the mitochondrial fission gene expression and promote the mitochondrial fusion gene Opa1 expression, so as to alleviate the energy metabolism disorder caused by ischemia/reperfusion. Sailuotong capsule can inhibit the abnormal mitochondrial dynamics in peri-ischemic regions and maintain the normal morphology of mitochondria, which may be the mechanism of Sailuotong capsule in promoting the self-recovery function in the ischemic brain region.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , General Surgery , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dynamins , Genetics , Metabolism , GTP Phosphohydrolases , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Rats
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330341

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Huatuo Zaizao extractum (HTZZ) on focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) neurogenesis in rats induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Totally 55 healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the sham operation group, the MCAO model group and HTZZ high, middle and low dose groups (5, 2.5, 1.25 g x kg(-1)), with 11 rats in each group, and orally administered with drugs. The focal cerebral ischemia model was established by performing a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO, 90 min) followed by a seven-day reperfusion (once a day). The neurogenesis and expressions of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) were detected by the immunofluorescent staining. The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was adopted to determine the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>MCAO (90 min) followed by a seven-day reperfusion resulted in the significant increase in the number of penumbra cortex newborn neurons (BrdU(+) -NeuN(+)), which was accompanied by the growth of ERK and CREB phosphorylation and VEGF and BDNF levels. HTZZ could promote the generation of newborn neurons (BrdU(+)-NeuN(+)) and the ERK and CREB phosphorylation and increase VEGF and BDNF levels at the ischemic side.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HTZZ could promote the neurogenesis, which may be the interventional targets of effective traditional Chinese medicine Huatuo Zaizao extractum in promoting the self-repair function of the cerebral ischemic areas.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Male , Neurogenesis , Neurons , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319610

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe effect of formula of removing both phlegm and blood stasis (TYTZ) in improving hemorheology and blood fat of mini-swine with coronary heart disease of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Thirty-six Chinese mini-swine were randomly divided to six groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Shujiangzhi group and TYTZ groups with doses of 2.0, 1.0 and 0.5 g x kg(-1), with six mice in each group. Except for the normal control group, all of other groups were fed with high-fat diet for 2 weeks. Interventional balloons are adopted to injure their left anterior descending artery endothelium. After the operation, they were fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to prepare the coronary heart disease model of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome. In the 8th week after the operation and administration, the changes in hemorheological parameters, serum lipid level, myocardial ischemia level and range were observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed significant increase in serum TC, TG, LDL-C and VLDL-C levels (P < 0.01), whole blood viscosity under the shear rate of 5 s (-1) and 60 s (-1) (P < 0.01), and myocardial ischemia degree and range (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, TYTZ groups revealed significant decrease in myocardial ischemia degree and range (P < 0.01), serum TC, TG, LDL-C and VLDL-C levels (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) and whole blood viscosity under the shear rate of 5 s(-1) and 60 s(-1) (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TYTZ could improve the abnormal hemorheology in Chinese mini-swine with coronary heart disease of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome, and regulate serum lipid, with a certain efficacy for coronary heart disease of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Coronary Disease , Blood , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Female , Hemorheology , Lipids , Blood , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Mucous Membrane , Bodily Secretions , Swine , Swine, Miniature
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287561

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate that the effect of formula of removing both phlegm and blood stasis in improving cardiac function of Chinese mini-swine with coronary heart disease of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Totally 36 Chinese mini-swine were randomly divided to six groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Danlou tablet group, and Tanyu Tonzhi Fang(TYTZ) groups with doses of 2. 0, 1. 0 and 0. 5 g kg-1, with six in each group. Except for the normal control group, all of other groups were fed with high-fat diet for 2 weeks. Interventional balloons are adopted to injure their left anterior descending artery endothelium. After the operation, they were fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to prepare the coronary heart disease model of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome. After the operation, they were administered with drugs for 8 weeks. The changes in the myocardial ischemia were observed. The changes in the cardiac function and structure were detected by cardiac ultrasound and noninvasive hemodynamic method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed significant increase in myocardial ischemia and SVR and obvious decrease in CO, SV and LCW in noninvasive hemodynamic parameters (P <0.05 or P <0.01). The ultrasonic cardiogram indicated notable decrease in IVSd, LVPWs, EF and FS, and remarkable increase in LVIDs (P<0. 05 orP<0.01). Compared with the model group, TYTZ could reduce the myocardial ischemia, strengthen cardiac function, and improve the abnormal cardiac structure and function induced by ischemia (P <0. 05 or P <0. 01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TYTZ shows a significant effect in improving cardiac function of Chinese mini-swine with coronary heart disease of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome. The clinical cardiac function detection method could be adopted to correctly evaluate the changes in the post-myocardial ischemia cardiac function, and narrow the gap between clinical application and basic experimental studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Coronary Circulation , Coronary Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Heart , Hemodynamics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Mucus , Metabolism , Swine , Swine, Miniature , Ultrasonography
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318652

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect and mechanism of Huatuo Zaizao extractum (HTZZ) on focal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) blood-brain barrier injury induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Sixty healthy male adult Sprague-Dawley rats was randomly divided into the sham operation group, the MCAO model group, the Tanakan (20 mg x kg(-1)) group, and high, middle and low-dose HTZZ groups (5, 2.5, 1.25 g x kg(-1)), with 10 in each group and single-dose duodenal administration. Middle cerebral artery occlusion was adopted to establish the rat focal I/R model. After ischemia for 90 min and reperfusion for 24 h, the pathological injury at the ischemia side was observed by HE staining. The blood-brain barrier structure was observed under transmission electron microscope. Expressions of G protein-coupled receptor kinases 2 (GRK2), matrix metalloproteinases 2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 were detected by western blotting technique.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After 90 min MCAO/24 h reperfusion, penumbra cerebral cortical micro-vessels showed edema, mitochondrial injury, vacuolation, membrane injury and reduction. Along with the changes, sub-cells of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) in cortical penumbra brain tissues transferred from cytoplasm to membrane, with increase in expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9. HTZZ could effectively recover cerebral micro-vascular endothelial edemaand blood-brain barrier ultrastructure injury induced by I/R, reduce expression of functional (membrane coupling) GRK2, and inhibit expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cell membrane coupling GRK2 may be the effective target of Huatuo Zaizao extractum.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Behavior, Animal , Physiology , Blood-Brain Barrier , Wounds and Injuries , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 2 , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Microvessels , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346418

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the protective effect of the Weinaokang (WNK) and its active compound bilobalide on focal cerebral ischemia reperfusion, and their mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The 60-minute middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was adopted to establish the 24 h-14 d reperfusion model. The expression of Beclin-1 was detected by the Western blotting technique. The transmission electron microscopy was used to observe ultrastructural changes. Neurogenesis was detected by the immunofluorescence staining.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>WNK (20, 10 mg x kg(-1), ig) or its active compound bilobalide (10, 5 mg x kg(-1), ig) could promote the generation of mature neurons (BrdU(+) -MAP-2+) at the ischemic side, and inhibit expression of autophagy-related gene Beclin-1, so as to reduce the neuron injury induced by focal cerebral ischemia reperfusion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>WNK and its active compound bilobalide can inhibit neuron autophagy and improve neurogenesis in ischemic peripheral area, suggesting that neurogenesis may be the intervention target for WNK to promote self-repairing of ischemic area.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Cyclopentanes , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Furans , Pharmacology , Ginkgolides , Pharmacology , Male , Neurogenesis , Neurons , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338058

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Sailuotong capsule (Sailuotong) on learning and memory functions of multi-infarct dementia (MID) rats and its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>All SD rats were divided into five groups, namely the sham operation group, the model group, the positive group, the low dosage Sailuotong-treated group and the high dosage Sailuotong-treated group. The multi-infarct dementia model was established by injecting the micro-sphere vascular occlusive agent. On the 10th day after the successful operation, the rats were administered intragastrically with distilled water, memantine hydrochloride (20 mg x kg(-1)) and Sailuotong (16.5 mg x kg(-1) and 33.0 mg x kg(-1)) once a day for 60 days respectively, in order to detect the effect of Sailuotong in different doses on the latent period and route length in Morris water maze and the activities of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in brain tissues.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the sham operation rats, it had been observed that the latent period and route length of MID rats in Morris water maze were significantly increased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), and the activity of ChAT in brain tissues was significantly decreased (P < 0.05). After the intervention with Sailuotong for sixty days, the latent period and route length of MID rats in Morris water maze significantly shrank (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Additionally, Sailuotong decreased AchE activity, while increasing ChAT activity in brain tissues of MID rats (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sailuotong capsule can improve cognitive dysfunction of MID rats to some extent. Its mechanism may be related to its different regulation of activities of ChAT and AchE in brain tissues.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Metabolism , Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Choline O-Acetyltransferase , Metabolism , Cognition Disorders , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Dementia, Multi-Infarct , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Male , Maze Learning , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 870-877, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276230

ABSTRACT

The rat model of multi-infarct was adopted in this study to elucidate the protective mechanism of Sailuotong capsule (Sailuotong) in recovery period of multiple cerebral infarction. The effects of Sailuotong on levels of Glu, GABA and the expression of NMDA receptor subtypes including NR1, NR2A and NR2B, were detected. The multi-infarct model rats were established by injecting embolizing microsphere via internal carotid artery, and were given Sailuotong treatment (16.5 and 33.0 mg x kg(-1)) for 60 days. The pathological changes in brain ultrastructure were observed by transmission electron microscope. The levels of Glu and GABA in brain tissue were measured with high performance liquid chromatography. The expression of NMDA receptors including NR1, NR2A and NR2B in neurons was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Compared with the sham rats, abnormal changes were observed in ultrastructures of neurons, neuroglia cells and synapses of model rat brains. Moreover, significant decrease of Glu and GABA, as well as the elevated expression of NR1, NR2A and NR2B were detected in brain tissues. Sailuotong (16.5 and 33.0 mg x kg(-1)) could improve ultrastructure of cerebral tissue, facilitate synthesis of Glu and GABA, and down-regulate expression of NR1, NR2A and NR2B in neurons. The results demonstrated that Sailuotong could exert neuroprotective effects to some extent in the recovery phase of multiple cerebral infarction by promoting expression of NMDA receptors and synthesis of Glu and GABA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Cerebral Cortex , Metabolism , Cerebral Infarction , Metabolism , Pathology , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Ginkgo biloba , Chemistry , Glutamic Acid , Metabolism , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Male , Neurons , Metabolism , Pathology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Panax , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate , Classification , Metabolism , Synapses , Metabolism , Pathology , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Metabolism
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344915

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Chinese medical regimen and integrative medical regimen on quality of life and early renal impairment in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension (EISH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A multi-center, randomized, double-blinded controlled trail was adopted. A total of 270 cases of EISH were randomly divided into 3 groups: Chinese medicine group (CM), combination group and Western medicine group (WM). The course of treatment was 4 weeks. The clinical blood pressure, integral of quality of life (SF-36 scale), immunoglubin G (IgG), microalbumin (mALB), beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)-MG), transferrin (TRF) and N-acetyl-beta'-D-glucosa-minidase (NAG) in urine were determined before and after the treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, systolic blood pressure depressed significantly in each group (P<0.05), and the combination group was superior to CM or WM group in depressing SBP (P<0.05); in each group, integral of quality of life improved in different degree, and combination group was superior to WM group in all 8 dimensions (P<0.05). The level of mALB and beta(2)-MG in urine decreased in all groups (P<0.05), and the combination group was superior to CM group or WM group in decreasing mALB (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Chinese medical regimen has affirmative effect in treating EISH patients, and could lower the systolic blood pressure, improve quality of life and early renal impairment of the patients, and integrative medical regimen has superiority on account of cooperation, and deserves further study.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antihypertensive Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Blood Pressure , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Integrative Medicine , Kidney , Pathology , Male , Quality of Life , Systole , Physiology
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