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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 382-394, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016643

ABSTRACT

Based on the strategy of metabolomics combined with bioinformatics, this study analyzed the potential allergens and mechanism of pseudo-allergic reactions (PARs) induced by the combined use of Reduning injection and penicillin G injection. All animal experiments and welfare are in accordance with the requirements of the First Affiliated Experimental Animal Ethics and Animal Welfare Committee of Henan University of Chinese Medicine (approval number: YFYDW2020002). Based on UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology combined with UNIFI software, a total of 21 compounds were identified in Reduning and penicillin G mixed injection. Based on molecular docking technology, 10 potential allergens with strong binding activity to MrgprX2 agonist sites were further screened. Metabolomics analysis using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology revealed that 34 differential metabolites such as arachidonic acid, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, prostaglandins, and leukotrienes were endogenous differential metabolites of PARs caused by combined use of Reduning injection and penicillin G injection. Through the analysis of the "potential allergen-target-endogenous differential metabolite" interaction network, the chlorogenic acids (such as chlorogenic acid, neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, and isochlorogenic acid A) and β-lactam allergens in the combination of the two may be mainly regulated by PLD1, PLA2G12A and CYP1A1. The three upstream signal target proteins mainly activate the arachidonic acid metabolic pathway, promote the degranulation of mast cells, release downstream endogenous inflammatory mediators, and induce PARs.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5915-5931, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008790

ABSTRACT

This study used UPLC-TQ-MS technology to replicate a Henoch-Schonlein purpura(HSP) model in rats by administering warm drugs by gavage and injecting ovalbumin with Freund's complete adjuvant emulsion. The distribution differences and characteristics of eight major components(ferulic acid, caffeic acid, neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, benzoyl oxypaeoniflorin, tracheloside, loganin, and paeoniflorin) in rat liver, lung, heart, spleen, and kidney tissues were determined after oral administration of the Liangxue Tuizi Mixture at a dose of 42 g·kg~(-1) in both normal physiological and HSP states at 0.5, 1, 2, 6, and 12 hours. The results showed that the distribution patterns of the eight components of Liangxue Tuizi Mixture in the tissues of normal and HSP model rats were different. The main component, paeoniflorin, in Moutan Cortex and Paeoniae Radix Alba had higher content in all tissues. The eight components were predominantly distributed in the liver, lung, and kidney tissues, followed by spleen and heart tissues.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , IgA Vasculitis/drug therapy , Monoterpenes , Administration, Oral , Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3327-3344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981470

ABSTRACT

Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of fight/mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and UNIFI were employed to rapidly determine the content of the components in Liangxue Tuizi Mixture. The targets of the active components and Henoch-Schönlein purpura(HSP) were obtained from SwissTargetPrediction, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), and GeneCards. A "component-target-disease" network and a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network were constructed. Gene Ontology(GO) functional annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed for the targets by Omishare. The interactions between the potential active components and the core targets were verified by molecular docking. Furthermore, rats were randomly assigned into a normal group, a model group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose Liangxue Tuizi Mixture groups. Non-targeted metabolomics was employed to screen the differential metabolites in the serum, analyze possible metabolic pathways, and construct the "component-target-differential metabolite" network. A total of 45 components of Liangxue Tuizi Mixture were identified, and 145 potential targets for the treatment of HSP were predicted. The main signaling pathways enriched included resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K-AKT), and T cell receptor. The results of molecular docking showed that the active components in Liangxue Tuizi Mixture had strong binding ability with the key target proteins. A total of 13 differential metabolites in the serum were screened out, which shared 27 common targets with active components. The progression of HSP was related to metabolic abnormalities of glycerophospholipid and sphingolipid. The results indicate that the components in Liangxue Tuizi Mixture mainly treats HSP by regulating inflammation and immunity, providing a scientific basis for rational drug use in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , IgA Vasculitis/drug therapy , Network Pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolomics
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2480-2489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981324

ABSTRACT

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of 2-(2-phenylethyl) chromones in sodium chloride(NaCl)-treated suspension cells of Aquilaria sinensis was conducted by UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS and UPLC-QQQ-MS/MS. Both analyses were performed on a Waters T3 column(2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.8 μm) with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) as mobile phases at gradient elution. MS data were collected by electrospray ionization in positive ion mode. Forty-seven phenylethylchromones was identified from NaCl-treated suspension cell samples of A. sinensis using UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS, including 22 flindersia-type 2-(2-phenylethyl) chromones and their glycosides, 10 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-(2-phenylethyl) chromones and 15 mono-epoxy or diepoxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-(2-phenylethyl) chromones. Additionally, 25 phenylethylchromones were quantitated by UPLC-QQQ-MS/MS. Overall, the rapid and efficient qualitative and quantitative analysis of phenylethylchromones in NaCl-treated suspension cells of A. sinensis by two LC-MS techniques, provides an important reference for the yield of phenylethylchromones in Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum using in vitro culture and other biotechnologies.


Subject(s)
Chromones , Sodium Chloride , Chromatography, Liquid , Flavonoids , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Thymelaeaceae
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1014-1023, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978767

ABSTRACT

According to the theory of 'Xingben Dazao' of Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (BL), the susceptible syndromes and biomarkers of liver injury caused by BL were searched. Rat models of kidney-yin deficiency syndrome (M_yin) and kidney-yang deficiency syndrome (M_yang) were established, and all animal experimental operations and welfare following the provisions of the First Affiliated Experimental Animal Ethics and Animal Welfare Committee of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. YFYDW2020017). The results showed that BL significantly decreased the body weight, water intake, and urine weight of M_yin rats and increase the organ indexes of the liver, testis, adrenal gland, and spleen and the expression of alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Meantime, BL significantly increased the urine weight of M_yang rats and decreased the expression of ALT and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining showed that BL could aggravate inflammatory infiltration of hepatocytes in rats with M_yin and alleviate liver injury in rats with M_yang. Metabolomics identified 17 BL co-regulated significant differential metabolic markers in M_yin and M_yang rats. Among them, 8 metabolites such as glutamine, quinolinate, biliverdin, and lactosylceramide showed opposite trends, mainly involving cysteine and methionine metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, purine metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, glycerol phospholipid metabolism, glutamine metabolism, and other pathways. M_yin/M_yang may be the susceptible constitution of BL for liver damage or protection, which may be related to the regulation of amino acid metabolism and sphingolipid metabolism. The study can provide some experimental data support for the safe and accurate use of BL in the clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine.

6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 207-214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of dihydromyricetin on the expression of miR-98-5p and its mechanism in the development of Herceptin resistance in SKBR3 cells.@*METHODS@#The expression of IGF2 and miR-98-5p and their interaction relationship were analyzed by bioinformatics analysis through TargetScan online databases. SKBR3 cells and drug-resistant SKBR3-R cells were cultured in cell experiments. Xenograft tumor mice were constructed by SKBR3 and SKBR3-R cells. Proteins were detected by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Transfected cells were constructed by shRNA lentivirus vectors. RT-QPCR was used to detect RNA. Cell proliferation was detected by MTS method. Cell jnvasion was detected by Transwell assay. Luciferase reporting assays were used to verify RNA interactions. IGF-1R/HER2 heterodimer was determined by immunocoprecipitation.@*RESULTS@#The expression of IGF2, p-IGF1R, p-Akt and p-S6K in SKBR3-R cells were significantly higher than those in SKBR3 cells, while the expression of PTEN protein was lower in SKBR3-R cells (P < 0.05). IGF1R/HER2 heterodimer in SKBR3-R cells was significantly increased (P < 0.01).The expression of IGF2 and invasion ability were significantly reduced while transfected with miR-98-5p in SKBR3-R cells (P < 0.05), but the IGF2 mRNA were no difference in both cells (P > 0.05). The expression of miR-98-5p was up-regulated and IGF2 was decreased in drug-resistant xenograft tumor mice after feeding with dihydromyricetin, and the tumor became more sensitivity to Herceptin (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dihydromyricetin could induce the expression of miR-98-5p, which binds to IGF2 mRNA to reduce IGF2 expression, inhibit the IGF-1R/HER2 formation, thereby reversing cell resistance to Herceptin in SKBR3-R cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Flavonols/pharmacology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Receptor, IGF Type 1 , Trastuzumab
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 176-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927925

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to explore the alleviating effect and mechanism of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma against Psora-leae Fructus-induced liver injury based on network pharmacology and cell experiments. The active components of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Psoraleae Fructus were first retrieved from the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine(ETCM), Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), Comparative Toxicogenomics Database(CTD), and literature and further screened by SwissADME. The obtained 25 potential toxic components of Psoraleae Fructus and 29 flavonoids in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were input into the SwissTargetPrediction for target predication. A total of 818 targets related to liver injury were screened out based on GeneCards and MalaCards, and 91 common targets of Psoraleae Fructus, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and liver injury were obtained from Venny. STRING was applied for constructing the PPI network, and Metascape for analyzing the biological processes and signaling pathways that common targets participated in. Cytoscape was used to construct the component-target-disease network and component-target-pathway network for Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma against Psoraleae Fructus-induced liver injury. The predicted core targets were proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase(SRC), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase subunit alpha(PIK3 CA), RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), etc, with PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, apoptosis, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, and NF-κB signaling pathway mainly involved. Following the scree-ning of the main toxic and pharmacodynamic components, the pharmacodynamic effects were investigated by cell experiments. The results showed that licochalcone A was mainly responsible for alleviating coryfolin-induced liver injury, licochalcone B for coryfolin-and psoralidin-induced liver injury, and echinatin for corylifolinin-and bakuchiol-induced liver injury. The preliminary revealing of the alleviating effect of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma on Psoraleae Fructus-induced liver injury and the prediction of related mechanisms will provide reference for further mechanism research and reasonable clinical compatibility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Glycyrrhiza , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Pharmacology
8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 488-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976116

ABSTRACT

@#Objective - ( ) To analyze the occurrence pattern of work related musculoskeletal disorders WMSDs among workers Methods in a shipyard based on latent category model. A total of 446 workers from a shipyard in Guangdong Province were selected as the research subjects using convenience sampling method. The prevalence of WMSDs in the past year was , investigated using China Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and the occurrence patterns of WMSDs were analyzed by latent class. Results ( ) The prevalence of WMSDs in the past year was 71.1% 317/446 . The prevalence of WMSDs in single site was 24.4% ( ), ( ) - 109/446 and was 46.6% 208/446 in multiple sites. The prevalence of WMSDs in multiple sites was 3.9 17.3 times higher than that in single site. The fitting results of latent class model showed that the model with three latent classes was the best - ( ), model. The three potential categories of WMSDs occurrence patterns in the study subjects were the all site group 28 patients ( ), ( ), , the neck and lower back/waistgroup 153 patients and the few or no site group 265 patients accounting for 6.3% 34.3% , Conclusion and 59.4% respectively. WMSDs of shipyard workers have obvious category characteristics. Latent class analysis can be used to explore the occurrence pattern of WMSDs in shipyard workers.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 276-281, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014329

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of drug-containing serum of Schisandra Chinensis Fructus and compatible with Glycyrrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma -on lipid accumulation in hepatocytes and explore the related mechanism. Methods SD rats were given Schisandra Chinensis Fructus (SF, 3.9 g • kg"1), Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus-Glycyrrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma (SG, 1 : 1, 1 '• 1. 5, the extract 3. 9 g • kg"1 in crud of Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus), once per day, the drug-containing serum was prepared after seven days of continuous administration. Conventional cultivation of human normal hepatocytes (L02 cells) in vitro, cells were divided into blank control group, SF group, and SG(1 : 1 and 1 : 1.5) group. After 48 hours' treatment , lactate dehydrogenase ( LDH) release was detected by the kit, the levels of intracellular triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) were detected by biochemical method. The mRNA expression levels of PPAR-a, PPAR-7, Fabpl/2, SREBPlc, ACCa and FAS were detected by the real-time reverse tran scrip- tion polymerase chain reaction ( RT-PCR ). Results The biochemical results showed that compared with the blank group, the content of TG and TC in SF group increased significantly (P < 0. 05 ) , the mRNA expres sion of PPAR-a and PPAR-7 in SF group was significantly reduced, and the mRNA expression of SREBPlc and ACCa markedly increased ( P < 0.05, P < 0.01). When compared with SF group, the levels of TG and TC in SG (1 : 1) group were significantly reduced (P <0. 05) , the mRNA expressions of Fabpl/2 and FAS in SG (1 : 1) group were significantly reduced, while the mRNA expression of SREBPlc significantly increased ( P < 0. 05, P < 0. 01 ). TC content in SG (1 : 1.5) group significantly decreased (P < 0.05 ) and the mRNA expression of PPAR-7, SREBP1 c in SG (1 : 1.5) significantly increased, but the Fabpl/2 and FAS markedly decreased (P <0. 05, P < 0. 01). Conclusions SF containing serum can significantly increase the content of TG and TC in hepatocytes , and the SG containing serum can significantly improve the elevated TG and TC contents and reduce lipid accumulation. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of mRNA expression of PPAR-a, PPAR- 7, Fabpl/2, SREBPlc, ACCa and FAS.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 136-142, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014305

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the influence of Schisandrae Fructus ( Wuweizi in Chinese) and com¬patible with Glycyrrhiza ( Gancao in Chinese ) on the levels of serum lipids and their influence on liver syn¬thesis pathway of triglyceride ( TG ). Methods ICR mice were divided, according to weight randomized block method, into four groups; normal control group ( Control, C ), Schisandrae Fructus ethanolic extract group (SF) , Schisandrae Fructus compatible with Gly¬cyrrhiza ethanolic extract (SG) 1 : 1 and 1 : 1.5. The control group was intragastrically given normal saline (10 mL • kg-1), SF group, SG 1 : 1 and 1 : 1. 5 group were given the extract 3. 9 g • kg"1 in crude of Schisandrae Fructus for 10 days. The levels of TG, to¬tal cholesterol (TC) , low-density lipoprotein-cholester¬ol ( LDL-C ) and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ( HDL-C ) were detected by biochemical method, as well as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity. The activities of liver fatty acid synthase (FAS) and acctyl-COA carboxylase ( ACC ), and levels of GPAT, acy- CoA oxidase ( ACO ) were detected by enzyme immu¬noassay ( ELISA ). The protein expressions of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-lc (SREBP-lc) and peroxisome proliferator-activiated receptor-a ( PPARa ) were detected by immunohistochemistry technique. Results Compared with C group, the lev¬els of TG and TC increased significantly, the level of serum LDL-C decreased significantly, the activities of liver ACC and GPAT level increased markedly, the protein expression of SREBP-1 c was markedly up-regu¬lated, and the protein expression of PPARa was evi¬dently down-regulated in SF group. When compared with SF group, the levels of serum TG and ACO, the activities of serum ALT and GPAT apparently de¬creased in SG 1 : 1 group. The protein expression of SREBP-1 c in SG 1 : 1 and 1 : 1.5 group was signifi¬cantly down-regulated, and the protein expression of PPARa was markedly up-regulated. Conclusions High dose of SF can increase the serum TG and TC levels , and the mechanisms may be related to that SF can promote the expression of liver SREBP-lc, in¬crease the activities and levels of FAS, ACC and GPAT in TG synthesis pathway, and down-regulate protein expression of PPARct and ACO for promoting liver TG synthesis. Compatible with Glycyrrhiza can significantly improve the elevated blood lipids and the proteins in the TG synthesis pathway.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Surgery ; (12): 1093-1098, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and safety of axillary reverse lymphatic mapping(ARM) afterneoadjuvant chemotherapy(NAC) for breast cancer.METHODS: The clinical data of 45 breast cancer patients whomreached yc N0 after being treated with NAC in the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College between January 2015 and July 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. Double tracer SLNB,directly ALND,or ALND followed by SLNBfailure/SLN + were performed according to the indication of the disease. All the patients were performed ARM usingmethylene blue dye during operation. The success rate of ARM mapping,tumor invasion rate and the safety of ARMlymph node retention were analyzed statistically.RESULTS: There were 13 patients in the ARM lymph node retentiongroup and 32 patients in the ARM lymph node resection group. Follow-up was up to June 2019,the median follow-uptime was 37.5(12-48)months. Discovery rate of ARM in ALND and SLNB group was 93.1%(27/29) and 40%(8/20)respectively. ARM lymph node and SLN overlap was 3 cases. ARM lymph node tumor metastasis was 1 case. Incidencerate of upper limb edema after surgery was lower in ARM reserved group than excision group(P=0.010). The differencesof local recurrence rate between ARM reserved group and excision group was not significant(P=1.000).CONCLUSION: For breast cancer patients with yc N0 after neoadjuvant therapy,reverse axillary lymph node mapping has a high successrate and a low tumor metastasis rate,which is safe and feasible.

12.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 160-163, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699372

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore influence of preoperative nicorandil application on coronary no-reflow during emer-gency percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction(AAMI). Methods:A total of 116 AAMI patients were randomly and equally divided into routine treatment group and nic-orandil group(received nicorandil based on routine treatment).TIMI grade,incidence rate of no-reflow,ECG ST-segment elevation resolution(STR)and incidence rate of major adverse cardiovascular events(MACE)after PCI were compared between two groups.Results:Compared with routine treatment group after PCI,there were signifi-cant rise in percentage of infarct related artery(IRA)TIMI grade 3(77.6% vs.91.4%)and STR on 2h after PCI[(0.15 ± 0.05)mm vs.(0.18 ± 0.05)mm],and significant reductions in incidence rates of no-reflow(13.8% vs. 3.4%)and MACE(17.2% vs.5.2%)in nicorandil group after PCI,P<0.05 or <0.01. Conclusion:Preoperative nicorandil application can reduce incidence rate of no-reflow after PCI,improve myocardial perfusion and reduce in-cidence rate of major adverse cardiovascular events.

13.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E535-E558, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803845

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the biomechanical mechanism of suspension exercise therapy (SET) for treating cervical spondylosis. Methods From August 2015 to December 2016, 72 patients with cervical spondylosis were divided into experimental group (SET treatment group) and control group (traction treatment group) based on simple random sampling methods. For experimental group: 9 males and 27 females, the average age (45.19±10.09) years old, the average disease course (24.94±18.07) months. For control group: 11 males and 25 females, the average age (44.08±8.88) years old, the average disease course (22.17±14.96) months. The mechanical properties of neck muscles before treatment and at the end of disease course were tested by Biodex Ⅲ Isokinetic Testing System. Results Before treatment, there were no significant differences in the peak torque (PT), average power (AP), peak torque of flexor/extensor peak torque ratio (F/E) for both groups; after treatment, PT, AP, F/E in experimental group was improved compared with those in control group (P<0.05). Significant differences in PT, AP, F/E were found for experimental group before and after SET treatment(P<0.05). There were no significant differences in visual analogue scale (VAS) of neck pain for both groups before treatment (P>0.05),while the VAS of experimental group was better than that of control group(P<0.05). Significant differences in the VAS were found for experimental group before and after SET treatment(P<0.05). Conclusion sSET can improve the contraction forces and work efficiency of neck muscles for patients with cervical spondylosis, as well as the coordination ability of flexors and extensors muscles, which will contribute to restoring biomechanical properties of the patients with cervical spodylosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4448-4453, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668381

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Vitamin D is a key substance that promotes calcium absorption and maintains the health of skeletal system,but its relationship with bone mineral density remains controversial.OBJECTIVE:To determine the relationship between serum level of vitamin D and bone mineral density in the middle-aged and elderly patients in southern China.METHODS:The patients aged over 50 years old admitted in the clinic and in-patient department of a large-scale 3A hospital from July 2014 to December 2016 were enrolled and the clinical data were collected.Then,the association between the serum level of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) and bone mineral density (at the lumbar spine,femoral neck and total hip) was analyzed.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:A total of 1 154 patients (77.2% female) were enrolled with a mean age of (64.62±10.48)years,and the mean serum level of 25(OH)D was (62.07±37.40) nmol/L.The serum level of 25(OH)D decreased with age increasing,and the proportion of vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency in patients aged 50-59,60-69 and ≥ 70 years old was 71.3%,77.0% and 80.1%,respectively.Correlation analysis showed that the serum level of 25(OH)D was not associated with bone mineral density at the lumbar spine,but had a weakly positive correlation with bone mineral density at the femoral neck and total hip (r=0.09 and 0.08,P < 0.01).For patients with vitamin deficiency (25(OH)D ≤ 50 nmol/L),there was a significantly positive correlation between serum level of vitamin D and bone minerat density at the lumbar spine,femoral neck and total hip (r =0.117,0.120 and 0.146,P < 0.01).After subgroup analysis,vitamin D level was not associated with bone mineral density in male,but was significantly associated with that in female (r=0.105,0.135 and 0.171 for the lumbar spine,femoral neck and total hip,respectively,P < 0.01).Therefore,the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is common in middle-aged and elderly patients in southern China.The serum level of vitamin D is not related to bone mineral density in male,but was positively correlated with that in female.

15.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 555-558, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701053

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the biomechanical mechanism of suspension exercise therapy (SET) for treating cervical spondylosis.Methods From August 2015 to December 2016,72 patients with cervical spondylosis were divided into experimental group (SET treatment group) and control group (traction treatment group) based on simple random sampling methods.For experimental group:9 males and 27 females,the average age (45.19 ±10.09) years old,the average disease course (24.94 ± 18.07) months.For control group:11 males and 25 females,the average age (44.08 ± 8.88) years old,the average disease course (22.17 ± 14.96) months.The mechanical properties of neck muscles before treatment and at the end of disease course were tested by Biodex Ⅲ Isokinetic Testing System.Results Before treatment,there were no signficant differences in the peak torque (PT),average power (AP),peak torque of flexor/extensor peak torque ratio (F/E) for both groups;after treatment,PT,AP,F/E in experimental group was improved compared with those in control group (P < 0.05).Significant differences in PT,AP,F/E were found for experimental group before and after SET treatment (P < 0.05).There were no significant differences in visual analogue scale (VAS) of neck pain for both groups before treatment (P > 0.05),while the VAS of experimental group was better than that of control group (P <0.05).Significant differences in the VAS were found for experimental group before and after SET treatment (P <0.05).Conclusions SET can improve the contraction forces and work efficiency of neck muscles for patients with cervical spondylosis,as well as the coordination ability of flexors and extensors muscles,which will contribute to restoring biomechanical properties of the patients with cervical spodylosis.

16.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 38-45, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235573

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has not been adequately explored in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. This study aimed to investigate MetS' prevalence and its impact on the CVD incidence in this specific population group.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A data set of a community-based prospective cohort study was analyzed. A total of 2300 subjects aged 40-94 years were followed up for the CVD events. MetS defined according to the JCDCG criteria was assessed at baseline, and the middle-aged and elderly groups were classified by the WHO definition.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As compared with the middle-aged group, the prevalence of MetS increased by 0.6 times (34.6% vs. 21.3%) and the incidence density of CVD increased by 4.9 times in the elderly group (52.3/1000 person-year vs. 8.9/1000 person-year). Furthermore, the multivariate Cox regression revealed that the risk to CVD incidence was independently related to increased waist circumference in the middle-aged group (HR=2.23, P<0.01) and to elevated blood glucose in the elderly group (HR=1.39, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MetS was highly prevalent in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. MetS significantly increased the risk to CVD incidence in the elderly. All individuals with metabolic disorders should receive active clinical care to reduce the incidence of CVD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Incidence , Metabolic Syndrome , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Proportional Hazards Models
17.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E109-E115, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804186

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mechanisms of vascular remodeling induced by hypertension and/or low shear stress, which will be helpful in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Method The models of low shear stress in carotid artery or of hypertension were established by the ligation of partial distal branches of the left common carotid artery (LCA) or by the coarctation of aorta in SD rats, respectively. For some rats, the low shear stress in LCA was accompanied by the hypertension. The wall thickness and the ratio of wall thickness to inner diameter were determined by morphometrical approach. The MMP-2 activity was detected by gel zymography, and the expression of proteins, including p-Akt, Rho GDIα, was verified by Western blotting in LCA. Results When LCA was subjected to hypertension or low shear stress, MMP-2 activity, the wall thickness, and the ratio of wall thickness to inner diameter were all increased significantly. They were further enhanced when the hypertension and low shear stress were both existed, which would speed the vascular remodeling. Low shear stress induced the expression of p Akt, and the lower shear stress, the higher p-Akt expression would be. However, the highest expression of p-Akt was observed in LCA of hypertension accompanied by low shear stress. The expression of Rho GDIα was upregulated in LCA by either low shear stress or hypertension. The highest expression of Rho GDIα was observed in LCA of hypertension accompanied by low shear stress. Conclusions Vascular remodeling could be mostly influenced in LCA subjected to low shear stress accompanied by hypertension, which was also regulated through the changing expression of p-Akt and Rho GDIα.

18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 856-859, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294986

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical efficacy of vardenafil on erectile dysfunction (ED) patients with kidney-yang deficiency, kidney-yin deficiency or liver-qi stasis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the syndromes of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 124 ED patients were divided into Groups A (kidney-yang deficiency, n=44), B (kidney-yin deficiency, n=41) and C (liver-qi stasis, n = 39). All the patients were treated with vardenafil at 5 mg daily for 8 weeks, and the therapeutic effects were evaluated by comparing the scores on IIEF-5 and Erection Quality Scale (EQS) before and after the treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After vardenafil treatment, the IIEF-5 and EQS scores of the ED patients were markedly increased, with statistically significant differences among the three groups (P < 0.01). The success rate of sexual intercourse was significantly improved in Groups A, B (P < 0.01) and C (P < 0.05). And the hardness of penile erection was enhanced by 81.82%, 73.17% and 43.59% respectively in the three groups of patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Vardenafil is more effective for ED patients with kidney-yang or kidney-yin deficiency than for those with liver-qi stasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Erectile Dysfunction , Drug Therapy , Imidazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Sulfones , Therapeutic Uses , Triazines , Therapeutic Uses , Vardenafil Dihydrochloride , Vasodilator Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Yang Deficiency , Drug Therapy , Yin Deficiency , Drug Therapy
19.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 173-179, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360606

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the present Chinese body mass index (BMI) criteria with body fat percentage (BF%) in determining obesity in Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 4 907 subjects (age: 20-90 yrs) were enrolled in the baseline survey of a longitudinal epidemiological study, and 2 638 of them were reevaluated in 5.5 years later. The Chinese BMI and WHO BF% were used to define obesity, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The diagnostic agreement between the Chinese BMI and WHO BF% definitions for obesity was poor for both men (kappa: 0.210, 95% CI: 0.179-0.241) and women (kappa: 0.327, 95% CI: 0.296-0.358). However, BMI had a good correlation with BF% both in men (r: 0.785, P<0.01) and women (r: 0.864, P<0.01). The age and sex-adjusted relative risks (RR) for incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were significantly higher in subjects with intermediate BF% (BF%:20.1%-25% for men, 30.1%-35% for women) (RR: 2.35, 95% CI: 1.23-4.48) and high BF%(BF%>25% for men and > 35% for women)(RR: 2.89, 95% CI: 1.43-5.81), or in subjects with high BMI (BMI>or=28 kg/m(2)) (RR: 2.46, 95% CI: 1.31-4.63) when compared to those with low BF% (BF%<or=20% for men and<or=30% for women) or low BMI (BMI24 kg/m(2)) respectively. No difference in risk could be found in those with intermediate BMI (BMI: 24-27.9 kg/m(2)) (RR: 1.44, 95% CI: 0.86-2.40), as compared to those with low BMI (BMI<24 kg/m(2)), whose BF% ranged widely from 7.8 to 50.3%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BMI was correlated with BF%. Both BMI and BF% were associated with high risk for T2DM. However, BMI had its limitations in the interpretation of subjects with BMI between 24 and 27.9 kg/m(2).</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Body Mass Index , China , Obesity
20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 343-345, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257488

ABSTRACT

Since microskin grafting was used in 1985, 23 years have passed. Many patients with extensive third degree burns were cured by the technique. Some progresses and further improvements are discussed. (1) Several kinds of apparatus were devised to cut skin into micrografts with good results. (2) The orientation of each skin granule and even dispersion of micrografts are very important. Some methods to spread micrografts on wound were compared with one another, the technique of flotation in saline and transferring them on silk texture is still the best way. (3) Many outside materials other than silk can be selected, among them the homograft is commonly used, but it has some shortcomings. (4) The technique should be further improved. Stem cell transplantation may be expected as a new way to help heal extensive wounds.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burns , General Surgery , Skin Transplantation , Methods
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