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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1526-1536, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924755

ABSTRACT

On the basis of the Uncaria transcriptome, specific primers were designed for UrSTR. The full-length cDNA of UrSTR (GeneBank: OL310251) was 1 541 bp, encoding 345 amino acid residues, and the promoter region sequence of UrSTR (GeneBank: OL310252) was 1 179 bp. Phylogenetic tree is revealed that UrSTR had a closest relationship with STR from Ophiorrhiza pumila and Ophiorrhiza japonica. Localization of UrSTR protein is revealed located in the vacuole membrane. Plant-care analysis indicated that the promoter region sequence of UrSTR, covering multiple light, stress and hormone-response cis-regulatory elements, and verified transcriptional activity. The results of SDS-PAGE show that pET-28a-UrSTR recombinant protein was successfully expressed, and the size was anticipated. The UrSTR prokaryotic expression system needs to be optimized in the later stage. The research lays the foundation for further purification to study its structure and functional characterization of the UrSTR protein.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 533-540, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922935

ABSTRACT

Hair roots induced by Agrobacterium rhizogene produce higher levels of secondary metabolites than non-induced plants, and the enhanced metabolic capacity is driven by the rol gene. We hypothesized that rol genes can be utilized to improve the biosynthesis of tropane alkaloids (TAs) in Atropa belladonna. In this study, the rolC gene from Agrobacterium rhizogene pRiA4 plasmid, driven by a CaMV35S promoter, was overexpressed in A. belladonna. The phenotypes, TAs content and transcriptional expression of key genes in TAs biosynthesis were analyzed in transgenic A. belladonna plants. Results show that transgenic A. belladonna exhibited a well-developed root system, male sterility, higher stamen column length than pistil, early flowering, internode shortening, smaller but more flowers, increased axillary buds and lateral buds, decreased apical dominance, and long and narrow leaves as compared to wild-type plants. Transgenic A. belladonna produced more TAs than wild-type plants, with the content of hyoscyamine, anisodamine and scopolamine reaching 2.58, 3.59 and 15.77-fold that of the control group, respectively. The gene expression of putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT), tropinone reductase I (TRⅠ) and hyoscyamine 6-β-hydroxylase (H6H), key enzymes in TAs biosynthesis, were up-regulated compared with the control group. The above results indicate that the rolC gene enhances TAs biosynthesis in A. belladonna by up-regulating the expression of key enzymes in the TAs biosynthesis pathway, laying a foundation for genetic manipulation of A. belladonna to increase TAs content by increasing rolC gene expression.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a teamwork model, Partnership Rehabilitation Therapy (PRT), for therapists in critical wards for patients with Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), and observe its effect. Methods:PRT had been developed, in which one therapist (main) implementing therapy and another (assistant) monitoring and supporting in the treatment. Eleven COVID-19 patients from infectious critical ward were treated with PRT. The behavior safety of therapists was recorded during the treatment, and the patients were assessed with Borg Index, Cough Score, Miller Sputum Grading and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) 2.0 before and after treatment. Results:No physiotherapist was infected by COVID-19. Seven times of infection risks were recorded and avoided, and six times of treatment risks were corrected instantly. All the patients improved in Borg Index (P < 0.01), Cough Score (P < 0.05), Miller Sputum Grading (P = 0.02) and WHODAS 2.0 (P < 0.01) after a 1-week physical therapy. Conclusion:Based on the Family International Classifications, a teamwork model is established, which provides a safe and practicable way for rehabilitation for COVID-19 patients in critical wards.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905211

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the relationship of ventilatory efficiency to cardiac function, especially heart rate recovery after exercise for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods:From January, 2019 to December, 2020, 190 patients with COPD were recruited for Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing. The general condition, medical history and medication history, lung function test and parameters of Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing were recorded. They were divided into normal group and delay group according to whether the heart rate decline more than twelve beats within a minute after Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing. Results:There were 89 patients (46.84%) in the delay group. Compared with the normal group, the delay group were older (Z = 2.282, P < 0.05), with less ratio of force exiratory volume in the first second in prediction (FEV1.0%) (Z = 3.626, P < 0.001), maximum power (t = 5.547, P < 0.001), breath reserve (BR) (t = 2.122, P < 0.05) and higher minimum ventilation equivalent of carbon dioxide (VE/VCO2nadir) (Z = 3.296, P = 0.001). Logistic regression showed that the COPD severity, VE/VCO2nadir and BR correlated with heart rate recovery. After adjusting for gender, age, body mass index and COPD severity, VE/VCO2nadir was an independent risk factor for delayed heart rate recovery (OR = 1.203, 95%CI 1.032 to 1.873, P = 0.004), and the best cut-off point was 33.15 (AUC = 0.6387, 95%CI 0.5595 to 0.7178, P = 0.001). Conclusion:The ventilatory inefficiency may increase the risk of abnormal heart rate recovery after exercise in COPD patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905755

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To use World Health Organization Family International Classifications (WHO-FICs) to explore the framework and approaches of development and research of guidelines of rehabilitation at levels of policies, community and services.Methods The important documents and tools of rehabilitation at international level, including United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, WHO World Report on Disability, Community-based Rehabilitation Guideline, Rehabilitation in Health Service System, and International Classification of Diseases (ICD), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and International Classification of Health Intervention (ICHI) of WHO-FICs, had been discussed.Results The framework, classifications, diagnosis and description of diseases and functioning, coding, intervention and functioning evaluation based on ICD-11, ICF and ICHI-β-2 had been established for development and implementation of rehabilitation guidelines and Cochrane rehabilitation.Conclusion The framework and systematic approaches of ontology, classification, terminology, coding, diagnosis and description of diseases and functioning, interventions and evaluations for the development and implementation of rehabilitation guidelines had been developed.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905361

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore systematic implementation of World Health Organization Family International Classifications (WHO-FICs) in the field of rehabilitation: the theoretical and policy framework at macro level, governance and management mechanism at meso level, and implementation modules at micro levels, respectively. Methods:The policy and theoretical framework of rehabilitation development was discussed based on the international rehabilitation policy documents of WHO, mainly as World Report on Disability, Global Action Plan on Disability and Rehabilitation in Health Service System. Protocol and roadmap of systematic implementation of WHO-FICs, including International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and International Classification of Health Intervention (ICHIβ-2) was proposed. Results:With the use of WHO-FICs, the theoretical and policy framework of rehabilitation was constructed, and the contents and principles of modern rehabilitation services were clarified at macro-level. Rehabilitation is an important part of health service, there are six building blocks: i.e. leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service providing, medical technology and health information system. It proposed to use knowledge management system of WHO-FICs, including the classification, nomenclature, definitions, descriptions, terminology and coding systems, to standardize rehabilitation evaluation and statistics. The management and governance system of rehabilitation should be implemented using WHO-FICs. Rehabilitation services are based on the bio-psycho-social model and implemented the principles of people-centered and functioning-oriented. The systematic implementation of WHO-FICs in rehabilitation abide by the model of "Evaluation (ICHI)-Evaluation, Description, Classification and Coding of Functioning (ICF)-Disease Classification, Diagnosis and Coding (ICD)-Rehabilitation Intervention (ICHI)", and with the standardized process of "Evaluation (Functioning and unmet needs)-Diagnose (Disease and Functioning)-Planning of Rehabilitation-Intervention-Evaluation of Outcome". The mic-modules of implementation of WHO-FICs in rehabilitation had been constructed. There were 28 categories of diseases, 7 categories of functioning and 6 categories of rehabilitation interventions in rehabilitation proposed by International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. According to ICD-11 and ICF, it proposed to use WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0), Brief Model Disability Survey (MDS-B) and VB40 Generic Functioning Domains (VB40), and the ICF core-sets in evaluation of functioning and rehabilitation outcome. The implementation of WHO-FICs in management of medical records and reporting realized the standardized management of medical record, encoding of diseases, functioning and intervention, reporting of performance, and provided tools for billing, reimbursement and payment management of rehabilitation. It proposed to develop WHO-FICs based clinical data sets and big data to implement functioning-related Diagnosis Related Groups and case-mix statistics. Conclusion:With the systematic implementation of WHO-FICs in rehabilitation, the policy and theoretical framework at macro level had been developed. The mechanism of management and governance at meso level had been explored. The application modules and approaches at micro level had been established. A scientific and effective overall solution had been proposed to enhance the scientific, standardized, refined and informatization level, strengthen the level and governance capacity, and improve the quality, safety and the coverage of rehabilitation services.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the needs and framework development of an information platform on quality control of rehabilitation medicine based on ICF. Methods:According to the demanding of the information on quality control of rehabilitation medicine and the principle of the Internet Plus, this study discussed how to collect standardized data based on the classification and coding system of ICF, and how to implement the clinic standardized procedure and the clinical rehabilitation pathway on the information platform. Meanwhile, the index system on the information platform was also discussed to make data comparable among regions and countries. Results:This information platform should implement standardized procedure of diagnosis and treatment of rehabilitation medicine, based on the concept of ICF and ICD-11. The index system of the information platform should be compatible and open exchange. The structure of the information platform should use the framework, data standard, categories and coding of ICF. Conclusion:An information platform based on the ICF framework, terminology system and coding system can meet the needs of rehabilitation medical quality control, data collection and analysis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905110

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) as a tool to assess the functioning of the old patients after stroke. Methods:From August, 2018 to February, 2019, 107 old inpatients with stroke were divided into four groups according to the course of disease: ≤ 6 months, 7-12 months, 13-18 months and 19-24 months. They were assessed with WHODAS 2.0 and modified Barthel Index (MBI) at admission and discharge. Results:The scores of both MBI and total WHODAS 2.0 improved at discharge (t > 2.481, P < 0.001). WHODAS 2.0 total scores decreased with the course of disease (F = 3.444, P < 0.05), but no significant decrease was found in the domains of Getting Along, Life Activities and Participation (F < 2.410, P > 0.05). WHODAS 2.0 total scores negatively correlated with MBI score (r = -0.540, P < 0.001), except the scores of domains of Life Activities and Participation (r = 0.184, P > 0.05). Conclusion:WHODAS 2.0 can be used as a tool to assess and follow up the function and disability of old stroke patients.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 574-581, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780135

ABSTRACT

Tropinone reductase I (TRI) is a key branch point enzyme in the midstream of tropane alkaloids (TAs) biosynthesis pathway and represents an important target for TAs metabolic engineering, which can lead to metabolic flux of substrate tropinone to TAs. A novel TRI gene was isolated from Datura arborea, a woody resource plant, and designated as DaTRI2 (GenBank accession number is MH705164). The full-length cDNA of DaTRI2 with 1 135 bp exhibits a high sequence homology (96.8%) with DaTRI, and is predicted to encode a protein of 347 amino acids. Deduced DaTRI2 protein contain a conserved TGXXXGXG motif involved in NADPH binding, the catalytic N-S-Y-K tetrad motif and eleven amino acid residues important for binding to its substrate tropinone. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that DaTRI2 and other TRIs from Solanaceous plants belong to the same cluster and DaTRI2 exhibited closest phylogenetic proximity to TRIs from Datura. DaTRI2 was expressed in E. coli and the purified recombinant protein can catalyze both tropinone reduction and tropine oxidation with an optimum pH value of 8.0 and 9.6, respectively. When tropinone was used as the substrate, the Km and Vmax values of DaTRI2 at pH 6.4 were 210.05 μmol·L-1 and 69.6 nkat·mg-1 protein respectively, while the Km and Vmax values for tropine as the substrate were 188.03 μmol·L-1 and 114 nkat·mg-1 protein respectively, at pH 9.6. DaTRI2 transcript was most abundant in the young leaf, followed by the root. Cloning of DaTRI2 gene and biochemical analysis of recombinant DaTRI2 facilitate further research on the molecular mechanism on TAs biosynthesis in woody plants and provide a more potent candidate for TAs metabolic engineering.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801934

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a model for the injury of human neuroblastoma cell (SH-SY5Y) induced by sodium glutamate, and to observe the protective effect of syringaresinol on cell damage from Viscum liquidambaricolum hayataon, and to explore its mechanism. Method: Construction of SH-SY5Y cell injury model using sodium glutamate.The experiment was divided into normal cell group, injury model group (sodium glutamate 50 mmol·L-1, sodium glutamate 50 mmol·L-1 + DMSO),syringaresinol experimental group (6.25, 12.5, 25 μmol·L-1), by cell counting, cell morphology observation, Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis detection, ROS reactive oxygen species detection, mitochondrial membrane potential, and Western blot, evaluation of syringaresinol on glutamate-induced neuronal excitability injury neuroprotective activity. Result: Compared with normal group, the cell survival rate of the model group was significantly decreased (PPPPP-1) showed a concentration-dependent increase in cells. Survival rate (PPPPPConclusion: Syringaresinol has significant protective activity against excitatory damage induced by sodium glutamate in SH-SY5Y neurons, the mechanism may be through anti-oxidative stress, repairing mitochondrial function and DNA damage to significantly reduce sodium glutamate-induced neuronal apoptosis.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 862-866, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705141

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of baicalein on the reversal of multidrug resistance ( MDR) media-ted by breast cancer resistance protein ( BCRP) in hu-man breast cancer MCF-7/MX cells, and explore the possible mechanisms. Methods MTT assay was per-formed to determine the cytotoxicity of baicalein and susceptibility of chemotherapeutic drugs. The protein expression levels of BCRP, p-p38 MAPK and NF-κB p65 were determined by Western blot. Results MCF-7/MX cells were not only resistant to MX but cross-re-sistant to 5-FU and DDP, and the resistance index was 70. 45, 6. 68 and 21. 47, respectively. 2. 5, 5μmol· L-1 of baicalein could increase the sensitivity to above chemotherapeutic agents and decrease the expression levels of BCRP, p-p38 MAPK and NF-κB p65 in MCF-7/MX cells. Conclusion Baicalein can effec-tively reverse MDR of MCF-7/MX by down-regulating BCRP expression through p38/MAPK and NF-κB path-ways.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701212

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of baicalein on pulmonary arterial hypertension(PAH)induced by monocrotaline(MCT)in rats,and its molecular mechanism was further explored.METHODS: Male SD rats(n=28) were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, MCT group, MCT+baicalein 50 mg/kg group and MCT +baicalein 100 mg/kg group.The PAH model was established by subcutaneous injection of MCT.After 2 weeks of modeling,the rats in baicalein treatment groups were gavaged baicalein 50 and 100 mg· kg -1· d-1for 14 d,the rats in control group were administered with saline.After 4 weeks of modeling,right ventricular systolic pressure(RVSP),right ventricular hypertro-phy index(RVHI)and right ventricular mass index(RVMI)were detected.Masson staining was used to detect the degree of lung fibrosis.The pathomorphological changes of the pulmonary vessels were observed by HE staining.Western blot was used to detect the expression of α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA)in the lung tissue and the phosphorylation p 38,ERK and JNK in the artery.RESULTS:Compared with the control group,RVSP, RVHI and RVMI increased significantly in the MCT group(P<0.01).Pulmonary fibrosis and the thickening of pulmonary artery wall were observed.α-SMA was up-regulated and p38,ERK and JNK was activated significantly(P<0.01).Compared with the MCT group,baicalein(50 and 100 mg/kg)significantly decreased the RVSP,RVHI and RVMI(P<0.01).Lung fibrosis was reduced and the vas-cular wall thickening was decreased in baicalein-treated groups.Baicalein(50 and 100 mg/kg)inhibited the phosphoryla-tion of p38,ERK and JNK compared with the MCT group(P<0.01).CONCLUSION:Baicalein ameliorates MCT-in-duced PAH by the inhibition of pulmonary artery wall thickening at least partially via MAPK signaling pathway.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714996

ABSTRACT

miR-214 plays a major role in the self-renewal of skin tissue. However, whether miR-214 regulates the proliferation and differentiation of human hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) is unknown. Primary HFSCs were isolated from human scalp skin tissue, cultured, and identified using flow cytometry. An miR-214 mimic and inhibitor were constructed for transfection into HFSCs. The MTS and colony formation assays examined cell proliferation. Immunofluorescence detected the localization and expression levels of TCF4, β-catenin, and differentiation markers. Luciferase reporter and TOP/FOP Flash assays investigated whether miR-214 targeted EZH2 and regulated the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Western blot determined the expression levels of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), Wnt/β-catenin signaling-related proteins, and HFSC differentiation markers in cells subjected to miR-214 transfection. miR-214 expression was remarkably decreased during the proliferation and differentiation of HFSCs into transit-amplifying (TA) cells. Downregulation of miR-214 promotes the proliferation and differentiation of HFSCs. Overexpression of miR-214 led to decreased expression of EZH2, β-catenin, and TCF-4, whereas downregulation of miR-214 resulted in increased expression of EZH2, β-catenin, and TCF-4 as well as TA differentiation markers. Immunofluorescence assay revealed that inhibiting miR-214 triggered the entry of β-catenin and TCF-4 into the nucleus. The luciferase reporter and TOP/FOP Flash assays demonstrated that miR-214 directly targets EZH2 and affects Wnt/β-catenin signaling. The miR-214/EZH2/β-catenin axis could be considered a candidate target in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine for HFSCs.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Differentiation , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Hair Follicle , Hair , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Luciferases , Regenerative Medicine , Scalp , Skin , Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering , Transfection
14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 129-134, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348291

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the mechanisms underlying the vasoconstriction induced by blockade of inward rectifier Kchannels (K) with BaCl, myogenic tone of isolated rat coronary artery (RCA) was recorded with wire myograph. The dependence of BaCl- induced contraction on intracellular Ca([Ca]) release and extracellular Ca([Ca]) influx was studied by Cadeprivation and restoration. The mechanisms underlying BaCl-induced RCA contraction were investigated with specific inhibitors. BaCl(0.1-1.0 mmol/L) contracted isolated RCA in a concentration-dependent manner and the maximal contraction was (5.69 ± 1.07) mN, nearly equal to contraction induced by 60 mmol/L KCl. The contractions induced by BaClin Ca-free solution and by followed restoration of 2.5 mmol/L Caaccounted for (35.44 ± 6.72)% and (64.56 ± 5.94)%, respectively. Calcium channel blocker nifedipine (0.3 μmol/L), cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin (100 μmol/L), ERK1/2 inhibitor PD98059 (10 μmol/L) and chloride channel blocker niflumic acid (100 μmol/L) pretreatment depressed the BaCl-induced maximal contraction by (87.82 ± 5.43)% (P < 0.01), (73.23 ± 5.47)% (P < 0.01), (75.69 ± 7.94)% (P < 0.01) and (83.24 ± 7.69)% (P < 0.01), respectively. These results demonstrate that BaClinduces vasoconstriction in RCA by enhancing both [Ca]release and [Ca]influx, and suggest that increase of prostanoids synthesis, activation of calcium channels and chloride channels, as well as ERK1/2 pathway may be involved in this process.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 367-377, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348262

ABSTRACT

Trauma-induced secondary cardiac injury (TISCI) is associated with increased adverse cardiac events and death. We have previously reported that TISCI results in myocardial apoptosis and secondary cardiac dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. To identify the time course of trauma-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and possible apoptotic pathway, traumatic rat models were built with Noble-Collip drum. Meanwhile, normal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured with traumatic plasma (TP) for 48 h. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis, cardiac function and the apoptosis related enzymes, including caspase-3, -8, -9, and -12, were determined. The results showed that there was no direct injury of rat hearts immediately after trauma. However, compared with hearts from the sham rats, hearts isolated from traumatic rats exhibited reduced +dP/dTand -dP/dT24 h after trauma. In traumatic rats, myocardial apoptotic index and caspase-3 activity obviously increased 6 h after trauma, and achieved the maximal value 12 h after trauma. The activity and expression of caspase-12, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-specific caspase, elevated markedly 3 h after trauma and reached its peak 6 h after trauma. Otherwise, caspase-8 (extrinsic apoptotic pathway) and caspase-9 (intrinsic apoptotic pathway) in the myocardial tissue of traumatic rats were activated 24 h after trauma. Meanwhile, incubation of normal rat cardiomyocytes with TP increased caspase-12 activity at 6 h, caspase-3 activity at 12 h, caspase-8 and -9 activities at 24 h, respectively. TP-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis was virtually abolished by Z-ATAD-FMK (a caspase-12 specific inhibitor). In addition, there was a significant negative correlation between myocardial caspase-12 activity and trauma-induced secondary cardiac dysfunction. Our present study demonstrated that caspase-12 is firstly activated and plays an important role in TISCI rats. Inhibition of caspase-12 mediated apoptosis may be a novel strategy in ameliorating posttraumatic cardiomyocyte apoptosis and secondary cardiac injury.

16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 775-780, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348219

ABSTRACT

To investigate the diastolic function of quercetin on rat renal artery in vitro and its mechanism, the tension of rat renal artery was recorded by multi myograph system, and the L-type voltage-gated Ca channels (LVGC) current was recorded by whole-cell patch clamp technique. Quercetin produced relaxation effect on rat renal artery pre-contracted by 60 mmol/L KCl or 1 × 10 mol/L phenylephrine, and the maximal diastolic percentage was  (84.53 ± 7.35)% or (76.42 ± 4.63)%. There was no statistical difference in the maximal diastolic percentage between endothelium-intact and endothelium-denuded groups. Pre-incubation of protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor C6303 inhibited the maximal diastolic amplitude induced by quercetin. The peak current density of LVGC in rat renal artery vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) was (23.17 ± 1.33) pA/pF. Quercetin (10 μmol/L) inhibited the peak current to (10.46 ± 1.35) pA/pF, and the inhibition percentage was 54.86%. C6303 (1 μmol/L) partially reversed the inhibitory effect of quercetin, and the inhibition percentage was 62.08% (P < 0.05). These results suggest that quercetin can relax rat renal artery in vitro in a concentration-dependent and endothelium-independent manner. The vasodilation of quercetin may be related to inhibition of LVGC current and activation of PKC.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 955-961, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356494

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the involvement of heme oxygenase (HO-1) in PM2.5 induced toxic responses in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The experiment groups are as follows: (1) control group; (2) PM2.5 groups: the cells were cultured with various concentrations of PM2.5 (200, 400, 800 µg/ml) for 24 h and 400 µg/ml was chosen for the main study; (3) PM2.5+Trion group: the cells were pre-treated by 10 µmol/L Trion [a scavenger of reactive oxygen species(ROS)] for 1 h before PM2.5 (400 µg/ml) treatment for 24 h; (4) PM2.5+ZnPP group: the cells were pretreated by HO-1 inhibitor ZnPP (10 µmol/L) for 1 h before treatment with PM2.5 (400 µg/ml) for 24 h. MTT assay was used to detect cell viability. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and indirect immunofluorescence assay were used to determine the mRNA and protein expressions of HO-1. Fluorescence labeling probe method was used to measure intracellular ROS level and flow cytometry was used for cell apoptosis. Colorimetric assay was used to detect intracellular caspase-3 activity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with control, PM2.5 significantly decreased cell viability, increased intracellular ROS, cell apoptosis and caspase-3 activity (all P < 0.05), these effects were significantly attenuated in PM2.5+Tiron group while enhanced in PM2.5+ZnPP group (all P < 0.05 vs. PM2.5 group). PM2.5 upregulated HO-1 mRNA and protein expressions in HUVECs which was downregulated in both PM2.5+Tiron group and PM2.5+ZnPP group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PM2.5 could induce oxidative injury through increasing ROS production via modulating HO-1 mRNA and protein expressions, the injury could be aggravated with inhibition of the activity of HO-1 suggesting a potential protective role of HO-1 against PM2.5 induced oxidative stress in HUVECs.</p>


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Oxidative Stress , Particle Size , Particulate Matter , Protoporphyrins , Pharmacology
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 864-868, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326403

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the mechanism of fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) induced endothelial injury and the efficacy and mechanism of ginsenoside Rg1 on the inhibition of endothelium injuries in human endothelial cells exposure to PM(2.5).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were stimulated with various concentrations PM(2.5) (0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8 mg/ml) and PM(2.5) at concentration 0.8 mg/ml induced significant endothelial injury and was chosen for the main study in the presence or absence of Rg1 (0.04 mg/ml). After 24 h treatment, cell growth A value was detected through MTT, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level through fluorescence labeling probe method and HO-1, Nrf2 mRNA expression was detected by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cell A value was significantly lower while the ROS fluorescence gray value and the average optical density ratio of HO-1 were significantly higher in PM(2.5) group than in the control group (all P < 0.05). The average optical density ratio of Nrf2 was similar between PM(2.5) group and control group (P > 0.05). The A value and the average optical density ratio of HO-1 were significantly higher while the ROS fluorescence gray value was significantly lower in co-treated PM(2.5) (0.8 mg/ml) + Rg1 (0.04 mg/ml) group than in the PM(2.5) (0.8 mg/ml) group (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PM(2.5) could induce human endothelial cells injury by increasing oxidative stress which could be attenuated by ginsenoside Rg1.</p>


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Humans , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Particulate Matter , Toxicity
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337573

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of modified Mahuang Fuzi Xixin Decoction extract (MFXDE) on ischemia/reperfusion induced atrioventricular (A-V) block in rabbits model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into six groups, three test groups (Group TA, TB, TC) and three control groups (Group CA, CB, CC), 10 in each. MFXDE 2 mL/kg was given twice a day by gastrogavage to the test groups, while to the control groups, equal volume of normal saline was given instead, for 3 successive days. Twenty minutes after the last gastrogavage, right coronary artery ligation was performed in rabbits under anesthesia with 1.2 g/kg of 20% urethane via ear marginal vein injection, and lasted for 15 min (Group TA and CA), 60 min (Group TB and CB), and 120 min (Group TC and CC), respectively. ECG lead-II and His Bundle ECG were recorded at different time points to observe P-R interval and A-H interval.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>P-R interval and A-H interval in the test groups were shorter than in the control groups significantly (all P < 0.05) at the time point of 5 min after ischemia; and at the reperfusion stage, a re-extending phenomenon of P-R and A-H could be found in the CC group after 60 min reperfusion (P < 0.05), but it didn't occure in all the other test groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MFXDE could improve the ischemia/reperfusion induced A-V conductive function.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Atrioventricular Block , Drug Therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Rabbits , Random Allocation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242695

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the difference of vasomotor functions in aortas segments from Wistar rats between 1-hour and 6-hours after exposure of water-soluble components of fine particulate matter (PM2.5).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All 30 Wistar rats were assigned to five groups (n=6 for each group) at random: the blank control group, control group for 1-hour and 6-hours, exposure group for 1-hour and 6-hours. The rats were sacrificed 1-hour or 6-hours later and aorta ring segments were mounted on wire myographs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) There was no significant difference in vasomotor functions among three control groups (P>0.05). (2) 1-hour or 6-hours after exposure there was a decrease of contraction elicited by 60 mmol/L KCl in contrast to the control group (P<0.05), whereas no significant change between the exposure group for 1-hour and 6-hours (P>0.05). (3) On the level of 10(-5) or 10(-7) mol/L, 1-hour after exposure there was a decrease in endothelium-dependent acetylcholine (ACh) elicited relaxation precontracted by 10(-6) mol/L NE compared with the control group (P<0.01 or P<0.05), on the level from 10(-5) to 10(-7) mol/L there was a decrease compared with the exposure group for 6-hours (P<0.05), whereas no difference between the exposure group for 6-hours and the control group (P>0.05). On the level from 10(-5) to 10(-9) mol/L, 1-hour after exposure there was a decrease in endothelium-independent sodium nitroprusside (SNP) elicited relaxation precontracted by 10(-6) mol/L NE as compared with the control group (P<0.01 or P<0.05) and a decrease on the level of 10(-6) or 10(-9) mol/L compared with the exposure group for 6-hours (P<0.05), 6-hours after exposure a decrease was caused as compared with the control group on the level from 10(-5) to 10(-7) mol/L (P<0.01 or P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Inhibition of contraction and impairment of relaxation in aortas should be caused 1-hour after exposure to water-soluble components of PM2.5 in the air, which is weaken 6-hours after exposure.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetylcholine , Blood , Air Pollutants , Toxicity , Animals , Aorta, Thoracic , Male , Particulate Matter , Toxicity , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Vasoconstriction , Vasodilation
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