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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 245-249, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884418

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of cardiovascular MR (CMR) T 1 mapping in evaluating myocardial injury in patients recovered from COVID-19. Methods:The clinical and image data of 15 patients with COVID-19 (9 with moderate clinical manifestation, 6 with severe clinical manifestation) who underwent CMR screening at 3 months after being discharged from the Second People′s Hospital of Fuyang City during May 2020 to June 2020 were prospective collected. Fifteen COVID-19 patients were selected as case group, and another 11 healthy volunteers were selected as control group. A standardized CMR protocol included cine, native and enhanced T 1 mapping, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Cardiac functional parameters, native T 1 value of left ventricular and extracellular volume fraction (ECV) were measured. One way ANOVA was used to assess the difference between CMR parameters among moderate and severe manifestation groups and control group, and LSD- t was used to assess the difference between the three groups. Results:LGE value was negative in all subjects. ECV values were higher in recovered COVID-19 patients with either moderate (27.9%±2.7%) or severe manifestation (30.0%±3.7%) than control group (23.2±1.9%) ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference of ECV values between recovered COVID-19 patients with moderate and severe manifestation ( P=0.100). There was no difference of native T 1 values and other functional and morphologic parameters of left ventricular and right ventricular among recovered COVID-19 patients with moderate and severe manifestation and control group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:CMR myocardial tissue ECV increase in patients who recovered from COVID-19, suggesting subclinical myocardial injury.

2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 486-494, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888741

ABSTRACT

Tocilizumab has been reported to attenuate the "cytokine storm" in COVID-19 patients. We attempted to verify the effectiveness and safety of tocilizumab therapy in COVID-19 and identify patients most likely to benefit from this treatment. We conducted a randomized, controlled, open-label multicenter trial among COVID-19 patients. The patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either tocilizumab in addition to standard care or standard care alone. The cure rate, changes of oxygen saturation and interference, and inflammation biomarkers were observed. Thirty-three patients were randomized to the tocilizumab group, and 32 patients to the control group. The cure rate in the tocilizumab group was higher than that in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant (94.12% vs. 87.10%, rate difference 95% CI-7.19%-21.23%, P = 0.4133). The improvement in hypoxia for the tocilizumab group was higher from day 4 onward and statistically significant from day 12 (P = 0.0359). In moderate disease patients with bilateral pulmonary lesions, the hypoxia ameliorated earlier after tocilizumab treatment, and less patients (1/12, 8.33%) needed an increase of inhaled oxygen concentration compared with the controls (4/6, 66.67%; rate difference 95% CI-99.17% to-17.50%, P = 0.0217). No severe adverse events occurred. More mild temporary adverse events were recorded in tocilizumab recipients (20/34, 58.82%) than the controls (4/31, 12.90%). Tocilizumab can improve hypoxia without unacceptable side effect profile and significant influences on the time virus load becomes negative. For patients with bilateral pulmonary lesions and elevated IL-6 levels, tocilizumab could be recommended to improve outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , COVID-19/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 401-406, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of critical patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), build an early warning model for severe/critical type, and aim at providing reference for the prediction of severe/critical COVID-19.Methods:The clinical data of COVID-19 patients treated in the Second People' Hospital of Fuyang City from January 20th to February 18th in 2020 were retrospective analyzed, including the demographic and epidemiological date, vital signs and hematology indexes, etc. on admission. Patients were divided into the normal type (set as normal group) and severe/critical type (set as severe group) according to the COVID-19 treatment plan classification standard published by National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. The differences between two groups were compared, and the variables with statistical significance were incorporated in the multivariate binary unconditional Logistic regression analysis to screen the risk factors of severe/critical type. Risk factors were summarized to establish an early warning model, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was carried out to evaluate the significance of the early warning model in the screening of critically COVID-19.Results:A total of 155 patients with COVID-19 were admitted, including 125 patients of normal type and 30 patients of severe/critical type. ① Compared with normal group, patients in severe group were older, and with higher proportion of basic diseases, higher body mass index (BMI), higher incidence of tachypnea, persistent high fever, peripheral blood oxygen saturation (SpO 2) < 0.95, while the white blood cell count (WBC), CD4 + T lymphocyte, CD8 + T lymphocyte, lymphocyte count (LYM) were decreased obviously, the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid a protein (SAA), and CT showed higher incidence of multi-pulmonary lobe lesions. There were no significant differences of gender, travel history from Wuhan, smoking history, shock index (SI) and CD4 +/CD8 + ratio between the two groups. ② Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥60 years old [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.620, P = 0.031], combined with underlying diseases ( OR = 1.521, P = 0.044), persistent high fever ( OR = 2.469, P = 0.014), WBC < 2.0×10 9/L and/or LYM < 0.4×10 9/L ( OR = 3.079, P = 0.006), pulmonary multilobar lesions ( OR = 1.367, P = 0.047), and IL-6 ≥ 30 ng/L ( OR = 2.426, P = 0.010) were the risk factors of severe/critical COVID-19. ③ The OR value corresponding to each risk factors were scored by rounding. Two points were scored for age≥60 years old, with underlying diseases, persistent high fever and IL-6 ≥ 30 ng/L, 3 points for WBC < 2.0×10 9/L and/or LYM < 0.4×10 9/L, 1 point for pulmonary multilobar lesions, and totally calculated as early warning model scores. The early warning model score of the severe group was significantly higher than that of the normal group (9.33±2.79 vs. 5.04±2.38, t = 9.010, P = 0.001). ④ The ROC curve analysis showed the area under ROC curve (AUC) of early warning model on the early screening of severe/critical patients in COVID-19 was 0.944, and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.903-0.985; and the sensitivity and specificity were 93.3% and 72.0% respectively while the cut-off was 6.5. Conclusions:There are many differences between severe/critical and mild COVID-19 patients. The establishment of early warning model could help to screen severe/critical patients at an early stage, with certain significance for guiding treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 901-907, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) and the factors influencing mild cases developing into severe cases, so as to provide a basis for clinical screening, prevention and treatment of potential severe cases.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical characteristics of 168 cases who were admitted to two tertiary general hospitals in Anhui province and diagnosed with COVID-19 from January 20 to March 4, 2020. According to the classification criteria in the COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment program (trial version 6) issued by the National Health Commission, the mild and common cases were classified as the mild group ( n=137), and the severe and critical cases were classified as the severe group ( n=31). The general data, epidemiological history, clinical manifestations, laboratory examination and imaging indexes of the two groups were compared. Univariate analysis was performed. Then multivariate Logistic regression analysis was conducted on the factors with statistically significant differences in univariate analysis to obtain independent influencing factors of the occurrence of severe COVID-19. Results:Among the 168 COVID-19 patients, 95 were male and 73 were female, with an average age of 42.6±15.8 years old. The mean age of the mild group was younger than that of the severe group (40.5±15.5 vs 51.6 ±14.1, P<0.01). The proportion of patients combined with hypertension (29.0% vs 10.9%), diabetes (25.8% vs 2.2%, P=0.005) and two or more underlying diseases (29.0% vs 4.4%, P=0.006) in the severe group were significantly higher than those in the mild group. In the severe group, the proportion of patients receiving initial treatment in Medical institutions below secondary hospitals was significantly higher than that in the mild group ( P<0.01), and the time between symptom onset and diagnosis was longer [(8.00±3.27) d vs (6.49±3.90) d, P=0.048]. There was no significant difference in the initial symptoms between the mild group and the severe group. However, the body temperature was higher in the severe group [(38.80±0.67)℃ vs (37.9±0.60)℃, P<0.01]. At the time of admission, the lymphocyte percentage of the severe group was significantly lower than that of the mild group [(18.20±9.13)% vs (24.43±10.43)%, P<0.01], while C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 (IL-6), D-dimer, LDH, aspartate and aminotransferase were significantly higher than that of the mild group ( P<0.01). CT imaging showed that 11 (8%) patients in the mild group had lesions confined to a single lobe of the lung, while all patients in the severe group had multi-lobe lesions ( P<0.01). All the 168 COVID-19 patients in this study were cured, and the length of hospital stay in the severe group was significantly longer than that in the mild group [(24.71±7.72) d vs (20.28±7.67) d, P=0.021]. According to multivariate binary Logistic regression analysis, age ( P=0.042), diabetes ( P=0.021), body temperature at admission ( P=0.001), and IL-6 measured at admission ( P=0.008) were independent factors affecting COVID-19 to severe progress. Conclusions:Strengthening the professional knowledge training of primary hospitals is helpful for early diagnosis of COVID-19. Patients with older age, combined with diabetes, high initial fever and significantly increased IL-6 level are more possibly to develop into severe disease. Early identification and prevention should be carried out.

5.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 551-553, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805599

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the risk factors of occupational exposure of intern nurses in an infectious disease hospital, and put forward prevention and control strategies.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was made of 82 reported cases of occupational exposure of intern nurses in a tertiary infectious disease hospital from 2013 to 2017. The occupational exposure rate, pathogens, occurrence sites and exposure links of the intern nurses were analyzed.@*Results@#The overall occupational exposure rate of internship nurses in 2013-2017 was 6.20% (82/1322) .The pathogens were mainly HBV, 52 cases, accounting for 63.4%. The site of occurrence was mainly finger, 75 cases, accounting for 91.5%. In the occurrence of the process, 35 cases were taken, accounting for 42.7%; 20 cases of arteriovenous puncture, accounting for 24.4%; 17 cases of separation needles and finishing materials, accounting for 20.7%.@*Conclusion@#The incidence of blood-borne occupation of intern nurses is higher, which needs special attention in infectious disease hospitals. To prevent blood-borne occupational exposure of intern nurses, occupational safety education should be strengthened, clinical operation should be standardized and humanized management should be provided.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3359-3361, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504944

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the efficacy and safety of doxofylline combined with ceftazidime in the treatment of elder-ly patients with chronic emphysema. METHODS:Data of 78 elderly patients with ceftazidime was collected and divided into single drug group(31 cases)and combined medication group(47 cases)according to different treatment methods. All patients adopted flu-id infusion,oxygen inhalation and nutrition support. Based on it,single drug group received 0.05 g Doxofylline injection,once ev-ery 12 h. Combined medication group additionally received 1.0 g Ceftazidime for injection,once every 12 h. If the symptoms were out of control,20 mg prednisone was given,twice a day. The courses of 2 groups were 10 d. Total efficacy,pulmonary functions [maximum mid-expiratory flow(MMEF),1s forced expiratory volume percent predicted(FEV1%),peak expiratory flow(PEF)] before and after treatment,American Concise Health Survey Questionnaire(SF-36 scale)(QLS)and the incidence of adverse reac-tions in 2 groups were observed. RESULTS:The total effective rate in combined medication group was significantly higher than sin-gle drug group,the difference was statistically significant (P0.05). After treatment,MMEF,FEV1%,PEF and QLS scores in 2 groups were significantly higher than before,and combined medication group MMEF,FEV1%、PEF were higher than single drug group,the difference was statistically significant (P0.05). And there was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions in 2 groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Based on conventional treatment,doxofylline combined with ceftazidime shows better efficacy than doxofylline alone in the treat-ment of elderly patients with chronic emphysema,it can improve pulmonary functions,with better safety.

7.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 25-27, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400566

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the therapeutic effect,advantages and shortcomings of pleural effusion controlled by interrupted drainage via central venous catheter.Methods The research group had 52 cases with pleural effusion controHed by interrupted drainage via central venous catheter,and the control group had 50 cases with pleural effusion controlled by conventional pleuracentesis.Pleural effusion disappearing time,average hospitalization time,pleuracentesis frequency,related therapy expenses and complications of two groups were observed and compared.Results The pleuracentesis frequency,pleural effusion disappearing time,average hospitalization time,related therapy expenses and per capita incidence of complications of the research group were(1.06±1.30)times,(4.31±2.20)days,(9.87±2.30)days,(264.77±37.20)yuan and 9.62%and in the control group were(4.20±2.60)times,(9.92±3.70)days,(15.08±5.80)days,(487.62±55.56)yuan and 38.00%.The differences between two groups were particularly remarkable.Conclusion The method of pleural effusion controlled by interruptod drainage via central venous catheter is safe,eonvenient,economical and microtraumatic,and it is worth using more widely.

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