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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464010

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to reveal the roles of biological factors T3, T4 and TSH in the pathogenesis of liver-qi invasion syndrome and liver-qi depression syndrome of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in the body. Thus, we may expound the connotation of conceptpotential stagnation ofqi and blood. Female workers of Jinan and Qingdao were selected as target groups by epidemiological cross-sectional survey. And specially trained investigators were responsible for screening patients referred to criterion on the international diagnostic standards and syndrome diagnosis of PMS. Patients' blood was taken as samples during the follicular phase (6 to 14 days), luteal phase (15 to 23 days), premenstrual phase (24 to 28 days) and the menstrual phase (1 to 5 days), respectively. Blood samples were disposed according to requirements of radioimmunoassay. Single factor analysis of variance was used in the comparison with the level of T3, T4 and TSH in menstrual blood for different time intervals of the case group and the normal group by SPSS 10.0 statistical software. The results showed that T3 levels of patients with either syndrome were significantly reduced during the premenstrual phase and the menstrual phase (P < 0.05). There were no significant changes on the level of serum T4 and TSH before and after the occurrence of the disease. Both of them were significantly increased during each phase of the menstrual cycle. It was concluded that changes of T3, T4 and TSH were one of the mechanisms in disease with liver-qi invasion syndrome and liver-qi depression syndrome. The micro change was the essence ofpotential stagnation of qi and blood, which was the body condition of this disease.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464009

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore brain regions which were closely related to the disease onset of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) with liver-qi depression. The BOLD-functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used in the study. The processing of imaging data was based on the SPM 8 software and the REST software of the matlab platform. Each cluster was more than 389 continuous voxel. The brain region with single voxel of P < 0.05 (corrected) was defined as region with statistical significance. The 2 Sample T-Test was applied in the case group and the control group. The results showed that compared with the normal control group, the frontal lobe, occipital lobe, insula, limbic lobe, basal nuclei, and cingulate gyrus were activated in the PMS with liver-qi depression cases. It was concluded that the disease onset of PMS with liver-qi depression cases was related to brain regions such as frontal lobe, occipital lobe, insula, limbic lobe, basal nuclei, and cingulate gyrus.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463995

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to analyze the theoretical connotation with liver bodyyin with function yang, and to explain the physiological and pathological mechanism of body yin and function yang, respectively. The mechanism of its corresponding syndrome and symptoms were described and the composing principle of classical prescription for liver regulation was analyzed. The clinical significance of liver body yin with function yangwas confirmed by clinical cases. This paper argued that the liver ascending characteristics, which is a necessary guarantee for ascendingqi in the human body to adapt to the ascending gas of the world, is the key point to maintain balance of qi ascending and descending in the body. The liver ascending disorder mainly manifested for the excessive ascending and ascending deficiency, which analyzed the pathogenesis characteristic and clinical manifestation of the liver qi ascending disorder. This paper put forward a new view that the liver storing blood referred to the convergence and the conservation properties of the liver, which demonstrated the relationship between liver storing blood and controlling dispersion. It suggested that liver blood convergences liverqi so as not to make liverqi too excessive. The liver storing blood can raise spirit. Liver blood is the source of menstruation, and etc. This paper finally put forward the clinical prescription viewpoint of soothing liver and dropping inverse should raiseyin and gentle liver necessarily, releasing liver should raise liver and nourish blood and clearing away the liver-fire should cool blood and nourishyin. This research had certain clinical value.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484775

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to elucidate the 5-HT3R molecular mechanism of Radix Paeoniae Albaextract (RPAE) as drug intervention in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) model rats with liver-qi depression pattern.PMS model rats with liver-qi depression pattern were prepared.And then,the model was treated with RPAE.The protein distribution of 5-HT3AR and 5-HT3BR in the frontal lobe was evaluated by the immune fluorescence technology and western blot.The results showed that there were positive expressions of 5-HT3AR and 5-HT3BR in frontal lobe of rats in each group.Compared with the normal group,the 5-HT3AR and 5-HT3BR protein expression levels of the frontal lobe in the model group increased significantly (P < 0.05).Compared with the model group,the 5-HT3AR protein expression level in the frontal lobe decreased significantly after RPAE treatment (P < 0.05).In conclusion,RPAE regulated the protein expressions of 5-HT3AR and 5-HT3BR in frontal lobe,which may be one of the mechanisms for its treatment of PMS with liver-qi depression pattern.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484733

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of Radix Bupleuri extract (RBE) on 5-HT3R channel currents of primarily cultured hippocampal neurons in depression emotion rats.Depression emotion model ratswere duplicated.RBE was used for drug intervention.And then,the rats were evaluated by the open-field test (OFT) and the sucrose preference test.Serum of rats in each group was collected and then added into the primary cultured hippocampal neurons for 24 h.The 5-HT3R channel currents were recorded by the whole-cell patch clamp.The results showed that compared with the normal group,the total score of OFT in the model group was significantly decreased (P < 0.01); the sucrose preference ratio decreased obviously (P < 0.01); and the current density value of primary cultured hippocampal neurons in serum of the model group was significantly higher (P <0.01).Compared with the model group,the total scores of OFT in the RBE group and fluoxetine group increased significantly (P < 0.05,P < 0.01); the sucrose preference ratio also increased obviously (P < 0.05,P < 0.05); and current density value of the primary cultured hippocampal neurons in serum of the RBE group and fluoxetine group decreased significantly (P < 0.01,P < 0.01).It was concluded that RBE can effectively correct the abnormal 5-HT3R channel currents of rats with depression emotion,which may be one of the central mechanisms in the treatment of depression emotion.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482730

ABSTRACT

This article was aimed to study the factors associated with sleep quality of anger-out and anger-in population based on the frequent pattern-tree (FP-Tree) growing algorithm with data mining. The algorithm of structuring frequent model FP-tree and mining frequent itemsets were designed. The database information scanned was recorded by using FP-Tree growing algorithm through state-trees. The frequent itemsets met minimum support required was generated through reducing the search space of project sets and scanning database only one. The data mining of all factors associated with emotional diseases was actualized. The results showed that factors associated with sleep quality of anger-out and anger-in population were disturbance in respiration, cough or snoring, feeling cold, hot or nightmares. The total time for program analysis was 2 seconds. It was concluded that data mining algorithm based on FP-Tree frequent itemsets can effectively realize the useful information receiving from factors associated with emotional diseases.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478578

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to solve the problem of overall syndrome differentiation information collection on patient’s main complain of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) four diagnostic methods, in order to make syndrome differentiation standard of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) with liver-qi invasion pattern. The method of cluster sampling was applied in the investigation. The appropriate structural equation modeling (SEM) was established according to multi-dimension indexes of case features and TCM theories. The results of the “information acquisition form for doctor” structural equation showed that emotion dimension, body-symptom dimension, organism condition dimension load coefficients were 0.715, 0.574 and 0.904, respectively. The results of the “information acquisition form for patient” structural equation showed that emotion dimension, body-symptom dimension, organism condition dimension load coefficients were 0.705, 0.945 and 0.848, respectively. There were strong relativities among all dimensions. Combined with TCM theories, the main symptom of identified PMS with liver-qi invasion pattern was “irritable and angry”. And the secondary symptoms contained headache, breast tenderness, distention and pain of lower abdomen and stomach. The combining symptoms were insomnia, dreaminess, swelling of extremities, fatigue, inefficiency for work and housework, hard to focus the attention. It was concluded that the combination of information acquisition method from both the doctor and patient established a relative comprehensive information acquisition system. It established the syndrome differentiation standard of PMS with liver-qi invasion pattern for the first time based on epidemiologic investigation. It provided important reference for the study of PMS subtype.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476942

ABSTRACT

The modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is urgent need of the modern theory of TCM, is a consensus. But, How to establish and what kind of modern TCM theory, is far from a consensus. Based on the summarization of the common law in the construction of scientific theory, we are trying to give a answer that are expected to form a consensus. Firstly, we have illustrated the trend that the development of TCM theory should learn from the life and medical sciences theory function and value; Secondly, we have proven that TCM and TCM theory belongs to the traditional medicine and theory and pointed out the limitation of the traditional medicine, TCM and its theory. And then we have revealed the inevitable trend of traditional medicine, TCM and its theory development at home and abroad, logically obtained the inevitable choice of constructing the modern TCM basic theory; Lastly, we have analyzed the different discipline new theory construction process and method at home and abroad and discovered the common five steps rule, put forward three principles and five steps of constructing modern TCM basic theory, demonstrated its important role during the theoretical revolution promoting Chinese Medicine theory from phenomenon description to mechanism clarification and the scientific value of Chinese Medicine theory in the domestic and foreign development trend.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451247

ABSTRACT

To clarify the meaning, role and significance of the new idea of the modern basic theory of traditional chinese medicine, We clarified its origin and evolution starting from the basic concept of idea in this paper, re-vealed the basic connotation and relationship of ideas, scientific ideas, Chinese medicine ideas, and the new ideas of the modern basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine, and tried to give proper definitions; summarized three roles of scientific ideas. According to this basis, we demonstrated the new idea is the scientific ideas with core spirit run-ning through rational questioning, scientific testing, research and conclusion being accepted three-point line cen-tral interlocking; and have three roles changing the theory of traditional chinese medicine, guiding the innovative research on chinese medicine and elevating the scholars' thoughts. We proposed yin and yang to refer to the hypothesis of body's physiology and pathology and prevention and treatment effects, given an empirical analysis a feasible way of medicine and philosophy separation and yin and yang turning to medicine; displayed the guidance of new idea and to show the scientific connotation and scientific value of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447414

ABSTRACT

We present that the modern basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine is a new science in this article. To demonstrate the problem new discipline faced and needed to be understood, firstly we want to clear the related concepts of discipline and traditional Chinese medicine from an international perspective achieving the original inten-tion of deepening the research field, forming a discipline branch and towards modern teaching. Secondly, we explore the discipline classification system and in which the location of traditional Chinese medicine and theory of traditional Chinese medicine discipline, and then explore the discipline overall regularity of occurrence, development and demise focusing on regularity and evaluation criteria reveal of medicine and traditional Chinese medicine disciplines. On this basis, we demonstrate the discipline property and location of new scientific disciplines of modern basic theo-ry of traditional Chinese medicine, subjects and fields, direction and meaning and then draw a credible conclusion in accordance with deductive reasoning.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447259

ABSTRACT

Editor's Notes: The basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine is the theoretical foundation of Chinese medicine , modernization of Chinese medicine needs of the modern theory of Chinese medicine urgently . However , it is always the important issues about how modern Chinese medicine theory should be created , and what kind of theory should have been established concerned and explored by domestic and foreign counterparts in tradi-tional Chinese medicine . To lead the development of modern Chinese medicine theory , Modern Basic Theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine series of symposiums are set up specially in the current Review column, and discussed thoroughly and systematically using three consecutive pats respectively. Among them, part I contains 3 articles about new concepts, new theories, new disciplines; part II contains 5 articles about new ideas, new norms, how to clear concept, how to verify hypotheses, why to evaluate theory; part III contains 12 articles about concept of wholism updating, treatment based on syndrome differentiation development, viscera-state doc-trine innovation, pathogeny, etiology, pathogenesis, prevention, principle of treatment, knowledge structure, cogni-tion structure , monographic study , 5-year outlook . Published article on this issue is the first one belong to new concept of part I. In this paper, we want to describe the denotation and connotation of the new concept of the modern basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine from three aspects of a concept: a label , a theoretical definition , and an operational definition learning from the international academic understanding of scientific concepts, demonstrate the necessity of theoretical premise to the research and establishment of the modern basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine and the need to build on , illustrate the inevitable trend toward modern science . The whole article contains profound meaning and a certain breakthrough and innovation. We are expected to cause concerns and discusses of experts and scholars through this article .

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446911

ABSTRACT

Hidden-pathogen theory is always a leading theory of febrile disease etiology from the proposal until the Ming Dynasty and it plays a critical guiding role on development and maturity of febrile disease theory. However, along with the change of times and drift of disease spectrum, this theory is facing unprecedented challenges. The gradually in-creased clinical experiences and facts have been difficult to be explained and induced using the already existed hidden-pathogen theory. Since hidden-pathogen theory has its own theoretical status and value, which cannot be lightly given up, the question of how to develop this theory in order to better reveal the pathogenesis in the guidance of diagnosis and treatment has become the focus of attention. This paper tried to proposeemotional hidden-pathogenas an example to provide a possible paradigm to develop hidden-pathogen theory and systematically expound main ideas and reasoning processes of emotional hidden-pathogen doctrine and to explore its theoretical significance and application value.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446456

ABSTRACT

Start to explore the theory conditions around the theme why to build the modern basic theory of tradi-tional chinese medicine and what kind of theory we want to establish . On the basis of making clear the related concepts such as theory, knowledge, scientific theory and scientific knowledge, discuss the theoretical development pathways and evaluation criteria, compare the development mode of Chinese and Western medicine, providing a refer-ence for evaluation and future development of the modern basic theory of traditional chinese medicine. According to Carl G. Hempel's bridge principle, summarize the five bridge principles and a logic protection principle of the research and foundation of the modern basic theory of traditional chinese medicine, and explain its role and signifi-cance. Put forward a theoretical framework of the modern basic theory of traditional chinese medicine Three levels and five grades like a tree structure, demonstrate the scientific connotation of 11 principles and concepts under the frame. Analyze and demonstrate its scientific rationality according to the role and evaluation criteria of scientific theory mentioned above, clearing direction for future development.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457694

ABSTRACT

Around the core issue how to evaluate and test hypothesis, starting from the concept of hypothesis and scientific hypothesis, learning form recent progress and understanding at home and abroad, we have analyzed the type of scientific hypothesis, test methods and pre-mortem and post-mortem evaluation criteria in depth, established scientific vision and discipline ruler, explored the awareness level of the Chinese medicine hypothesis, pointed out the problems and gaps. Whereby, we have analyzed and demonstrated brain regulating five internal organs concept of wholism scientific hypothesis, and proven it belongs to the scientific hypothesis. We were confident that these works mentioned above would lead the theoretical reform changing Chinese medicine hypothesis from traditional description to the nature clarification.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454831

ABSTRACT

To guarantee the research and establishment of the modern basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine, We firstly proposed the concept of the academic standards of the modern basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine and its logical structure and standards points in this paper. According to the research progress at home and abroad, we explored the basic concept of academic, academic standards, academic of Chinese medicine, academic standards of Chinese medicine in depth, given the logical definition of relevant concepts, and revealed the connotation and logical hierarchy relationship between different concepts. On this basis, we proposed three-level standards points of the academic standards of Chinese medicine. All of these works mentioned above would provide a preliminary standards protection for the academic research of traditional Chinese medicine and the establishment of the modern basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453955

ABSTRACT

The concept is cell of the theory. Starting from the concept, is the first and important step in building the modern basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine. Based on the early thought of Changes from phenomenon description to entity elucidation, we firstly introduce conceptual change in this paper and point out its basic meaning and role. To accurately apply the new concept, we have analyzed and demonstrated the concept and its expression object, the concept words' expression forms, as well as the concept explanatory power in details, and pointed out the problems because of ignoring these recognition in researching the concept of chinese medicine and its solutions. We have summarized the laws of the international scientific community realizing the conceptual change focus on the object, explore the unknown, propose new knowledge. and proposed the definition of conceptual change of the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine. According to preliminary findings we have generalized the goal and standard to achieve the conceptual change of the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine and gave examples of proof. As such we have draw an conclusion: the concepts of the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine form the scientific concepts of the modern basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine through conceptual change, and thus guiding the theory, teaching and thinking reform of the Chinese medicine.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427432

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the mRNA and protein expression levels ofγ-aminobutyric acid receptor B2 ( GABABR2 ) in brain regions of male rats with high level aggressive behaviors and low level aggressive behaviors respectively,and provide clues for exploring mechanism of GABA in aggressive behaviors.MethodsWistar male rats were randomly divided into two groups:the normal group and the aggressive behavior group.Then social isolation and resident intruder stresses were used to establish high level and low level aggressive behavior in the aggressive behavior group.The mRNA and protein level of GABABR2 in parietal cortex,prefrontal cortex,hypothalamus and hippocampus of the three groups rats ( n=10 in each group) were detected using RT-PCR and Western blot respectively.ResultsThe GABABRB22 RT-PCR/Western blot relative integrated optical density of parietal cortex,prefrontal cortex,hypothalamus and hippocampus in the normal group rats respectively were.Those of the above four brain regions in high aggressive behavior group rats respectively were ( 0.507 ± 0.049/0.626 ±0.038 ),(0.609 ± 0.049/0.652 ± 0.010 ),( 0.359 ± 0.030/0.731 ± 0.044 ) and ( 0.296 ± 0.054/0.452 ±0.079) were significantly lower (P<0.05) compared with the normal group rats.In the low aggressive behavior group rats,the GABABRB2 RT-PCR/Western blot relative integrated optical density of parietal cortex and hippocampus increased statistically(P< 0.05 ),while those of prefrontal cortex and hypothalamus decreased obviously (P < 0.05 ).all in comparison with the normal group rats.Conclusion Different expression levels of GABABR2 in parietal cortex,prefrontal cortex,hypothalamus and hippocampus are relative to aggressive behaviors,which might be one of the mechanism for GABA in aggressive behaviors.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423879

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the correlation between open field test(OFT) and light-dark box (LDB),as two animal models of state anxiety in Kunming mice.MethodsThe behavior of adult,male,Kunming mice in OFT and LDB was recorded by sequence,for five minutes,with a one-week inter-trial interval.The following parameters were evaluated:percentage of time exploring in the OFT central area( OFT-Ctime% ) ; percentage of squares crossing in the OFT central area( OFT-Ccross% ) ; total number of squares crossing in OFT(OFT-Cross) ;total number of rears in the OFT(OFT-Rear) ; number of fecal boli in OFT(OFT-FB) ; percentage of time exploring in the LDB light area( LDB-Ltime% ) ; percentage of squares crossing in the LDB light area( LDB-Lcross% ) ;and percentage of rears in the LDB light area( LDB-Lrear% ) ; transitions between two areas in LDB( LDB-Transition) ; total number of squares crossing in LDB(LDB-Croas) ; total number of rears in LDB(LDB-Rear) ; number of fecal boli in LDB (LDB-FB).Subsequently,factor analysis,cluster analysis and correlation analysis were calculated for these parameters.ResultsFactor analysis and cluster analysis of variances from either OFT or LDB revealed a three behavioral dimensions:anxiety factor ( loaded by OFT-Ctime%,OFT-Ccross% or LDB-Ltime%,LDB-Lcross%,LDB-Lrear% ),activity factor ( loaded by OFT-Cross,OFT-Rear or LDB-Transition,LDB-Cross,LDB-Rear) and emotionality factor(loaded by OFT-FB or LDB-FB).While all the variances from both OFT and LDB in combination were analyzed,it could be seen as five components:' LDB-anxiety factor ( loaded by LDBLtime%,LDB-Lcross% and LDB-Lrear% ),' OFT-anxiety factor ( loaded by OFT-Ctime% and OFT-Ccross% ),'LDB-activity factor (loaded by LDB-Transition,LDB-Cross and LDB-Rear),'OFT-LDB-emotionality factor( loaded by OFT-FB and LDB-FB) and 'OFT-activity factor (loaded by OFT-Cross and OFT-Rear).Good correlation were found between OFT/LDB factors alone and in combination,such as OFT-emotionality factor and LDB-emotionality factor(Pearson =0.383,P<0.05),LDB-anxiety factor and 'LDB-anxiety factor( Pearson =0.989,P<0.01 ),OFT-anxiety factor and 'OFT-anxiety factor( Pearson =0.934,P < 0.01 ),LDB-activity factor and 'LDB-activity factor ( Pearson =0.956,P < 0.01 ),OFT/LDB-emotionality factor and ' OFT-LDB-emotionality factor ( Pearson =0.835,P<0.01 ;Pearson =0.696,P<0.01 ),OFT-activity factor and 'OFF-activity factor( Pearson =0.926,P<0.01 ).ConclusionEither OFT or LDB comprised three behavioral dimensions:anxiety factor,activity factor and emotionality factor; however,it was difficult to establish face validity as a point-to-point concordance between OFT and LDB.Attention should be paid to heterogeneity of animal models when OFT and LDB were in combination as a behavionomics to evaluate anxiolytics in Kunming mice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416270

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the behavioral dimensions and validity of the light-dark box(LDB),as an model of state anxiety in Kunming mice.Methods The behavior of adult,male,Kunming mice in LDB was recorded twice,for five minutes,with a one-week inter-trial interval.The following parameters were evaluated by factor analysis:latence for the first entry into the dark area(Latence);percentage of time exploring in the light area (Ltime%);percentage of squares crossing in the light area(Lcross%);percentage of rears in the light area (Lrear%);transitions between two areas(Transition);total number of squares crossing in the whole apparatus (Cross);total number of rears in the whole apparatus(Rear);and number of fecal boli(FB).Results There was a good intercorrelation both among Ltime%,Lcross%,Lrear%,and among Transition,Cross,Rear.A good correlation also was found between test and retest for Transition,Rear and FB.Ltime%,Lcress%and Lrear%had significant loadings on Anxiety factor(Loading%:39.54%,35.40%);Transition loaded on Locomotor factor(Loading%:23.78%,19.66%),combined with Cross;Rear loaded on Exploration factor(Loading%:13.75%,22.60%);and FB loaded on Emotionality factor(Loading%:14.42%,13.02%);Latence was not stable.Conclusion Light-dark box,as an animal model of state anxiety in Kunming mice,comprised three behavioral dimensions:anxiety factor,LDB-activity factor(locomotor factor and exploration factor)and emotionality factor.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416240

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of coping styles and personalities in the etiology of Graves' disease (GD). Methods All participants (581 patients and 800 normal controls) completed the general information questionnaires,trait coping style questionnaires(TCSQ) and eysenck personality questionnaires revised,short scale for Chinese(EPQ-RSC). Basic characteristics of all subjects were documented, and logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the role of coping styles and personality in etiology of GD. Results The negative coping style(OR = 1.068,P=0.000) ,concealing character(OR = 1. 121, P=0.000) and internal and external personality (OR = 1.089, P = 0.005) neurotic personality (OR > 1.000, P< 0.05) were risk factors of GD( OR = 1. 162, P = 0.000) ,positive coping style was protective factor of GD( OR < 1.000, P<0.05). Conclusion Positive coping style and specific personality adjustment can prevent effectively onset of GD.

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