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1.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 148-152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of aspirin combined with atorvastatin in the prevention of new onset atrial fibrillation after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG).Methods:208 patients with coronary artery bypass grafting in our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021 were selected as the research subjects and divided by a random number table method into groups. The control group (104 cases) was treated with aspirin before operation, and the observation group (104 cases) was treated with aspirin and atorvastatin before operation. ECG monitoring was carried out continuously for 7 days of patients in the two groups, and the occurrence and duration of AF were recorded. The clinical therapeutic efficacy, incidence and adverse reactions of AF, left atrial diameter and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level were observed before and after treatment.Results:The incidence of AF in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no statistical significant difference in the starting time of AF between the two groups after operation ( P>0.05). The duration of AF in the observation group was better than that in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Before treatment, there was no statistical significant difference in left atrial diameter and hs-CRP level between the two groups ( P>0.05). After treatment, the left atrial diameter in the observation group returned to that before treatment, and there was no statistical significant difference in the same group ( P>0.05). The left atrial diameter in the control group was higher than that before treatment, and there was statistical significant difference in the same group ( P<0.05). The level of hs-CRP was lower than that in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There were no adverse reactions in both groups. Conclusion:Aspirin combined with atorvastatin has a significant effect in preventing new onset AF after OPCABG. It can reduce the incidence of postoperative AF, shorten the duration of AF, effectively control the inner diameter of left atrium, reduce the degree of postoperative inflammatory reaction, and has no adverse effects. It is worthy of clinical application.

2.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 751-756, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995518

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of preoperative left atrial diameter in postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and its influencing factors.Methods:This study was a prospective observational study. A total of 113 patients with CABG surgery were enrolled in Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2020 to December 2020. Preoperative coronary angiography, echocardiography and blood test were finished. The number of graft vessel was counted during the operation. The occurrence of POAF was confirmed by electrocardiogram or electrocardiograph monitoring after surgery. The preoperative baseline data, blood test, perioperative complications and other indicators of patients with or without POAF were compared.Results:According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, 90 patients undergoing CABG were enrolled in the study[71 males and 19 females, aged from 42 to 75, mean age (62±8)years old]. The incidence of POAF was 27.8%(25 cases). The left atrial diameter[40(36-43)mm vs. 35(33-37)mm, P=0.00]and troponin I[4.76(0.87-13.60)ng/ml vs. 1.48(0.56-4.52)ng/ml, P=0.04] in patients with POAF were significantly higher than that in patients without POAF. Compared to patients without POAF, POAF significantly increased the incidence of stroke[4(16%) vs. 0(0), P=0.01], ICU stay[67(24-96) days vs. 22(19-41) days, P=0.00] and hospital stay[21(19-24) days vs. 16(14-24) days, P=0.05]. Binary logistic regression showed that left atrial diameter was significantly correlated with the occurrence of POAF ( OR=1.9, 95% CI: 1.39-2.79, P<0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that 40 mm of left atrial diameter was a predictor of POAF( AUC=0.82, sensitivity 52%, specificity 100%, P<0.001). Linear regression analysis showed that left atrial diameter was significantly positively correlated with hypersensitive C-reactive protein ( Beta=0.24, 95% CI: 0.00-0.26, P=0.043). Conclusion:POAF significantly increased the incidence of stroke after CABG. Preoperative left atrial diameter is an independent predictor for POAF, which is closely related to the systemic inflammatory response.

3.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 163-167, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between preoperative high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) levels and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG) surgery.Methods:We prospectively selected 123 patients who received OPCABG at Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2019 to October 2019, and collected relevant preoperative and postoperative data. Patients were divided into a normal Hs-CRP group(78 cases) and an elevated Hs-CRP group(45 cases)according to the cutoff value (2 mg/L) of Hs-CRP level. The data of the two groups were compared, and regression analysis was performed on the postoperative data with differences to define independent factors.Results:The leukocyte count in the Hs-CRP group was significantly higher than that in the normal Hs-CRP group[(6.5±1.6)×10 9/ml vs. (7.4±2.1) ×10 9/ml, t=-2.839, P=0.005]. In the elevated Hs-CRP group, proportion of patients with atrial post-CABG atrial fibrillation (38% vs. 19%, χ2=5.100, P=0.024), duration of hospitalization[(21.2±7.1)days vs.(16.0±4.6)days, t=-4.469, P=0.000], hospital costs[(143.1±30.7)×10 3 yuan vs. (123.7±21.8)×10 3 yuan, t=-4.090, P=0.000]were significantly higher than those in the normal Hs-CRP level group. Smoking ( OR=1.660, 95% CI: 1.186-1.993, P=0.031) and Hs-CRP ( OR=1.170, 95% CI: 1.050-1.294, P=0.007) were independent risk factors for post-CABG atrial fibrillation. Hs-CRP ( B=0.436, 95% CI: 0.197-0.675, P=0.000) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, B=-0.180, 95% CI: -0.289--0.071, P=0.001) were independent influencing factors of duration of hospitalization. Hypertension ( B=-11.256, 95% CI: -20.670--1.842, P=0.020), Hs-CRP( B=1.235, 95% CI: 0.217-2.254, P=0.018) and LVEF ( B=-1.168, 95% CI: -1.634--0.702, P=0.000) were independent influencing factors of hospital costs. Conclusion:The preoperative Hs-CRP level of OPCABG is an independent influencing factor of post-CABG atrial fibrillation, duration of hospitalization and hospital costs. This finding lays the foundation for Hs-CRP combined with other indicators to accurately predict the prognosis of OPCABG and screen high-risk patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 296-300, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS) on nocturnal angina in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).Methods:According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, this prospective observational study included 76 patients who underwent CABG at Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2018 to December 2018. Patients included 60 males and 16 females, mean aged(61.4±7.3) years, BMI(25.7±2.3) kg/m 2. Portable sleep respiration monitoring and bedside ECG monitoring were performed before surgery. According to the apnea index(AHI), patients were divided into mild or no OSAHS group(AHI<15, 35 patients) and moderate to severe OSAHS group(AHI≥15, 41 patients). Baseline data, hematologic examination, degree of coronary stenosis, sleep breathing examination, night time heart rate and incidence of atrial fibrillation, and nocturnal angina were compared between the two group. Results:Combined with mild or no OSAHS group, moderate to severe OSAHS group had a significantly higher syntax-score(47.3±10.6 vs 35.1±6.8), a significantly higher proportion of coronary diffuse lesions(53.7% vs 31.4%), a significantly faster heart rate[(94.3±21.5)times/min vs(74.8±10.0) times/min], a significantly higher proportion of nocturnal angina(29.2% vs 2.9%). The differences were statistically significant( P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the fastest heart rate at night significantly affected the occurrence of nocturnal angina in CABG patients( OR=1.320, 95% CI: 1.084-1.607, P=0.006), the syntax-score, the fastest heart rate at night significantly affected the degree of OSAHS in CABG patients( OR=1.269, 95% CI: 1.094-1.473, P=0.002; OR=1.066, 95% CI: 1.004-1.131, P=0.036). Two linear regression showed a significant linear correlation between AHI with the fastest heart rate and syntax-score at night( R2=0.576, P<0.001; R2=0.658, P<0.001). Conclusion:OSAHS can significantly aggravate the degree of coronary artery stenosis in CABG patients, and further increase the incidence of nocturnal angina by significantly increasing nighttime heart rate.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 353-359, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867722

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation treating thoracolumbar fracture patients.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 62 patients with thoracolumbar fracture treated by percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation at Second Hospital of Soochow University from October 2018 to April 2019. There were 42 males and 20 females, aged 27-59 years (mean, 43.9 years). Fracture site included T 11 in 4 patients, T 12 in 28, L 1 in 23 and L 2 in 7, and AO type contained type A1 in 40 patients, type A2 in 3, and type A3 in 19. Thirty-one patients were treated with ERAS nursing mode (ERAS group), and other 31 patients with routine nursing mode (control group). The postoperative recovery time of intestinal function, first time of expelling flatus and dejection time, hospitalization time, preoperative and postoperative pain visual analogue scale (VAS), Kolcaba comfort scale (GCQ), Oswestry disability index (ODI), incidence of abdominal distension, incidence of urinary tract infection, first wake up dizziness, urinary retention, and wound healing were compared between the two groups. Results:Period of follow-up for all patients was 3-6 months (mean, 4.5 months). Postoperative recovery time of intestinal function, first time of expelling flatus and dejection time in ERAS group were (7.2±2.0)hours, (10.7±3.7)hours and (26.7±6.4)hours, respectively, which were significantly decreased compared to control group [(19.2±5.6)hours, (22.5±5.1)hours, (72.5±12.4)hours] ( P<0.05). Hospitalization time was (4.7±1.3)days in ERAS group, shorter than that in control group [(5.9±1.5)days]. There was no significant difference in VAS preoperatively between the two groups ( P>0.05). VAS in ERAS group was (3.6±1.5)points, (2.8±0.8)points, (1.7±0.6)points at postoperative 1, 3 and 7 days, lower than that in control group [(4.6±1.3)points, (4.0±1.3)points, (2.7±0.9)points] ( P<0.05). GCQ score in ERAS group was (72.0±6.5)points, (75.0±11.1)points, (88.4±5.1)points and (89.3±4.5)points at 2 hours before operation and 2 hours, 1 days and 3 days after operation, which were higher than that in control groups [(54.0±7.2)points, (59.5±6.3)points, (62.7±5.9)points, (76.0±5.7)points] ( P<0.05). ODI in ERAS group was 37.3±5.8, 28.9±6.3 and 23.1±2.7 at 3 days, 1 month and 3 months after operation, which was markedly decreased compared to control group (44.9±7.9, 33.9±8.7, 30.3±5.3) ( P<0.05). Moreover, the incidence of abdominal distension, urinary tract infection and first wake up dizziness in ERAS group was 7%, 5%, 3%, respectively, reduced from that in control group (26%, 35%, 16%) ( P<0.05). No significant difference was observed in urinary retention wound healing of the two groups, but there was no difference in wound healing ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For thoracolumbar fracture patients treated with percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation, ERAS has advantages over traditional nursing in attenuating pain, shortening hospitalization time, reducing postoperative abdominal distension and urinary tract infection, and accelerating functional recovery.

6.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 629-634, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796965

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the cardiomyocytes regeneration after myocardial infarction in Chinese small pigs, analyze the mechanism of myocardial fibrosis after myocardial regeneration.@*Methods@#Nine Chinese small pigs, weight 18-20 kg, 6 pigs in the experimental group(to ligate LAD at the equal blood flow point), and 3 in the control group(no any operation was performed). Monitor the hemodynamics of the left ventricle. Cardiac specimens were taken after 4 weeks of LAD ligation, the left ventricle was divided into 17 segments, and fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 1 week. Hematoxylin-Eosin/(HE) staining, PTAH、Ki-67-DAB and α-sarcomeric-actin-DAB staining for pathological observation.@*Results@#Four weeks of LAD ligation, different range of infarct size could be found in all the 17 segment of left ventricle. There was significant systolic pressure difference between the proximal and distal part in the left ventricular cavity. After 4 weeks of LAD ligation, there were a large number of new cardiomyocytes around the infarction area, which connected with the original mature cardiomyocytes directly. Large number of disassembled cardiomyocytes in the infarcted area and myocardial fibers were broken, cell structure disappeared, and nuclei were scattered in fibrotic tissues.@*Conclusion@#New cardiomyocytes after myocardial infarction were derived from the mature cardiomyocytes. Myocardial regeneration, cell disintegration, and myocardial fibrosis were performed synchronously under the influence of myocardial tension.

7.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 629-634, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792102

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the cardiomyocytes regeneration after myocardial infarction in Chinese small pigs, ana-lyze the mechanism of myocardial fibrosis after myocardial regeneration. Methods Nine Chinese small pigs, weight 18-20 kg, 6 pigs in the experimental group( to ligate LAD at the equal blood flow point) , and 3 in the control group( no any operation was performed) . Monitor the hemodynamics of the left ventricle. Cardiac specimens were taken after 4 weeks of LAD ligation, the left ventricle was divided into 17 segments, and fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 1 week. Hematoxylin-Eosin/( HE) stai-ning,PTAH、Ki-67-DAB and α-sarcomeric-actin-DAB staining for pathological observation. Results Four weeks of LAD liga-tion, different range of infarct size could be found in all the 17 segment of left ventricle. There was significant systolic pressure difference between the proximal and distal part in the left ventricular cavity. After 4 weeks of LAD ligation, there were a large number of new cardiomyocytes around the infarction area, which connected with the original mature cardiomyocytes directly. Large number of disassembled cardiomyocytes in the infarcted area and myocardial fibers were broken, cell structure disap-peared, and nuclei were scattered in fibrotic tissues. Conclusion New cardiomyocytes after myocardial infarction were derived from the mature cardiomyocytes. Myocardial regeneration, cell disintegration, and myocardial fibrosis were performed synchro-nously under the influence of myocardial tension.

8.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 218-222, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746172

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical features of patients with diffuse coronary artey diseases,and evaluate the clinical efficacy of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG) combined with selective coronary venous bypass grafting (SCVBG).Methods Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 61 patients with diffuse right coronary stenosis undergoing operation of OPCABG + SCVBG from January 2007 to December 2013,and couducted the comparative study of the patients who underwent OPCABG during the same period based on propensity score.Patients were divided into SCVBG group(61 cases,underwent OPCABG + SCVBG) and control group(60 cases,matched by propensity score and underwent OPCABG without SCVBG).Results Compared with control group,the rate of myocardial infarction in SCVBG group was higher (67.2% vs.46.7c%,P <0.05),the heart rate was faster[(69.92 ± 15.82) bpm vs.(64.48 ± 13.72) bpm,P < 0.05],the low density lipoprotcin and triglyceride were higher[(2.67 ± 0.78) mmol/L vs.(2.37 ± 0.78) mmol/L (1.84 ± 0.79) mmol/L vs.(1.36 ± 0.60) mmol/L,both P < 0.05] and the troponin I was higher in the first postoperative day [0.85 (0.29,3.15)μg/L vs.5.09 (2.02,13.03)μg/L,P < 0.05].The perioperative(postoperative) mortality(1.6% vs.0) and the long-term survival curve difference had no statistically significance(P >0.05).Conclusion Patients with coronary artery disease should pay more attention to the control of heart rate and blood lipids,poorly controlled heart rate and high blood lipids are the important factors for the development of coronary heart disease.The exact efficacv of selective coronary vein arterialization for diffuse coronary artery disease is confirmed through the small sample comparative study.

9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 357-360, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756360

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and clinical significance of medical chemical glue as an external stent in improving the fluency rate of venous bypass graft after coronary artery bypass grafting .Methods Randomly selected 200 pa-tients from April 2010 to December 2016 included who were underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in Beijing Anzhen Hospi-tal.All patients had different degrees of angina , and coronary angiography showed multi-branches artery lesion.They were ran-domly divided into two groups, 100 in each group.Spray gel group: coronary artery bypass grafting simultaneously spraying medical chemical glue on the surface of the bridge vessel.Unsprayed gel group:simple coronary artery bypass grafting.All 200 patients were followed up in June 2018.The follow-up content mainly included: recent recurrence of angina pectoris, recent echocardiography and electrocardiogram report, coronary CTA or coronary angiography results, and current living conditions. The data obtained were collectively summarized and compared .Results The follow-up rate was 96% in the sprayed group, and 92% in the unsprayed group.Compared with the unsprayed group , the incidence of chest pain and angina pectoris was significantly lower in the sprayed group(23.96% vs.40.22%, P<0.05), the venous occlusion rate of the vein bypass graft in the sprayed group was significantly lower(29.17% vs.55.43%, P<0.01), the probability of death due to cardiac causes in the sprayed group was significant decrease(1.04% vs.6.52%, P<0.05), the number of patients with the main adverse cardiac and cerebral events(MACCE) in the sprayed group was significantly lower(9.38% vs.21.74%, P<0.01), all with statistically significant differences .The number of patients with heart failure and recurrent myocardial infarction was lower in the sprayed group, but there were no statistically significant differences .Conclusion Medical chemical glue as an external stent does play a role in improving the venous patency rate after coronary artery bypass grafting , and it is reliable for the preven-tion and treatment of vein bypass vascular stenosis after coronary artery bypass grafting .

10.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 31-34, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469342

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a close clinical and easy to operate animal artery bypass grafting model by using vascular anastomosis wheel.Methods 15 rabbits that weighted 2.5-3.5 kg were studied.Each animal underwent an end-toend anastomosis of jugular vein and carotid artery by vascular anastomosis wheel.Carotid ultrasound and flow detection were taken immediately and 2 months after surgery respectively,as well as morphology and pathology were recorded to analyze and evaluate the intimal hyperplasia of vein graft and arteriovenous anastomotic site.Results 14 rabbits were successfully established CABG model,however 1 rabbit died of respiratory inhibition caused of excessive anesthesia.Compared with normal carotid artery,the vein bridge showed significantly lower blood flow [(50.81 ± 1.33) ml/min vs.(70.59 ± 0.68) ml/min,P <0.01,higher PI(2.15 ±0.07vs.1.22 ±0.04,P <0.01)] immediately after surgery.Compared with the vein grafts immediately after surgery,the vein grafts 2 months after surgery showed significantly lower blood flow [(27.46 ± 2.15) ml/min vs.(50.81 ± 1.33) ml/min,P < 0.01].Compared with normal jugular vein,the vein grafts 2 months after surgery showed significantly higher intimal hyperplasia[(160.30 ± 1.78) μm vs.(49.06 ± 2.76) μm,P < 0.01],and higher number of elastic plates(12.36 ± 0.25vs.3.21 ± 0.15,P < 0.01).Conclusion The use of vascular anastomosis wheel to establish an artery bypass graft model can imitate the pathological changes of vein grafts after CABG,which can provide an ideal animal model for various researches on vein grafts.

11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 33-37, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443467

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of intra-pulmonary arterial anti-tumor necrosis factor-α antibody(TNF-α Ab) on ultra-structure of lung after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).Methods Forty New Zealand rabbits were selected and randomly divided into four groups:group Ⅰ-Ⅲ underwent CPB; group Ⅳ only received open chest operation.In the group Ⅱ,rabbit TNF-α Ab(27 ng/kg) was dropped into the pulmonary artery when the aorta was clamped and CPB continued 30 minute.Pulmonary arterial perfusion was given to the group I instead.Blood TNF-α and neutrophils count from right and left atrium and oxygenation index in the four groups were determined perioperatively.Lung water content,TNF-αmessenger RNA,Bcl-2 protein,Bax protein,Bcl-2/Bax,apoptosis index and pathomorphological change were measured in the lung tissues.Results TNF-α Ab can restrain leukocyte accumulation and reduce releasing of TNF-α in the lung and improve oxygenation index.Moreover,TNF-α Ab can reduce the expression of Bax on alveolar epithelial cells and alleviate the decreasing of the expression of Bcl-2.It can also reduce the occurrence of apoptosis and attenuate pathomorphological changes in the lung tissue.Conclusion Intra-pulmonary arterial antitumor necrosis factor-α antibody markedly lessens the injury of inflammatory reaction and ultra-structure of lung after CPB via Bcl-2/Bax pathway.

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