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Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1324-1329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009297


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the coagulation deficit and genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with Congenital dysfibrinogenemia (CD).@*METHODS@#Peripheral venous blood samples of the proband and her family members (including 4 individuals from three generations) were subjected to routine blood test and assays of liver and kidney functions and viral hepatitis to exclude related diseases. Clauss method and DFg-PT method were used to determine the fibrinogen activity (Fg:C), and an immunoturbidimetric assay was used to determine the level of fibrinogen antigen (Fg:Ag). All of the exons (22 in total) and their flanking sequences of the FGA, FGB and FGG genes were amplified by PCR and directly sequenced. Variants in the coding regions of the three genes and transcriptional splicing sites were screened by using Mutation SurveyorTM software.@*RESULTS@#The Clauss method showed that Fg:C was significantly reduced in the proband and her father, whilst her mother and son were normal. With the DFg-PT method, the proband, her parents and son were all within the normal range. The Fg:C/Fg:Ag ratio of the proband and her father was lower than 0.7, whilst her mother and son were above 0.7. No significant change in the prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin clotting time and thrombin time was noted. Two genetic variants were detected, which included a homozygous missense variant in the FGA gene [c.991A>G (p.Thr331Ala)], which was predicted to be benign, and a heterozygous missense variant of the γ chain of the FGG gene [c.1211C>G (p.Ser404Phe)], which is located in a conserved region and unreported in the CLINVAR/HGMD/EXAC/1000G databases and literature.@*CONCLUSION@#This pedigree has conformed to the autosomal dominant inheritance of CD. The c.1211C>T (p.Ser404Phe) missense variant of the γ chain of the FGG gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of CD in this pedigree. The variant was unreported previously and named as "Fibrinogen Harbin II Ser404Phe".

Female , Humans , Afibrinogenemia/congenital , East Asian People , Fibrinogen/genetics , Mothers , Mutation , Pedigree
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 46-53,80, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884834


Objective:To analyze the distribution of clinically isolated fungal strains and their resistance to common antifungal drugs in Shandong province.Methods:Through the Shandong Children’s Bacterial & Fungal Drug Resistance Surveillance and Research Collaborative Network, a total of 1 030 fungi were collected in 46 hospitals of Shandong province from January 1 to December 31, 2018. The source and type of strains were analyzed, and antifungal drug sensitivity tests were performed by using the micro-dilution method. Whonet 5.6 and SPSS 22.0 were applied to analyze the data.Results:The overall main strains were Candida albicans (38.74%, 399/1 030), Candida tropicalis (16.99%, 175/1 030) and Candida parapsilosis (16.41%, 169/1 030); the main fungi strains in child patients were C. albicans (52.50%, 63/120), C. parapsilosis (12.50%, 15/120) and C. tropicalis (9.17%, 11/120); the main fungi strains in adult patients were C. albicans (36.37%, 331/910), C. tropicalis (17.03%, 155/910) and C. parapsilosis (15.27%, 139/910). The isolation rate of main Candida strains from January to March and August to December was much higher than that of other months. The drug resistance rates of C. albicans to fluconazole and voriconazole were 7.14% and 7.43%, respectively, and the drug resistance rates to itraconazole were 50.44%. The resistance rates of C. tropicalis to fluconazole, voriconazole and itraconazole were 29.05%, 23.29% and 48.65%, respectively. The sensitivity rates of C. parapsilosi to fluconazole, voriconazole and itraconazole were 93.06%, 93.75% and 94.44%, respectively. Candida glabrata showed a dose-dependent sensitivity rate of 2.33% to fluconazole. Analysis of 244 blood fungi strains showed that non-candida albicans bacteremia accounted for 70.08%. In the pathogen spectrum covering 92.22%, fluconazole was sensitive to 64.65% of the pathogens, voriconazole was 68.88%, and amphotericin B was 88.75%. After quantification, the effective rates of fluconazole, voriconazole and amphotericin B in the clinical treatment of fungal bacteremia were 70.10%, 74.69% and 96.23%, respectively. Among them, the sensitivity rate of voriconazole to C. tropicalis was lower than that of fluconazole. Conclusions:Candida is the main clinical fungus isolates in hospitals of Shandong province. The resistance rate of C. tropicalis to azole antifungal drugs is on the rise, and the sensitivity of other Candida species to clinically used antifungal drugs is basically stable.

Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 120-124, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746057


Objective To investigate the methods for identifying Actinomyces europaeus and to analyze its biological characteristics in order to provide a basis for the diagnosis of actinomycosis. Methods Pus speci-mens collected from patients were used for bacterial culture and then analyzed with Gram staining. VITEK 2 Compact automatic microbiological analyzer was used for species identification. Drug susceptibility test was per-formed with E-test. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry ( MALDI-TOF MS) was used to identify the isolated strain. The common primers of 16S rRNA were used for amplification fol-lowing DNA extraction, and the product of PCR was sequenced after recovery and purification. Homology analy-sis was conducted using the sequence in GenBank database. Results The drug susceptibility test showed that the strain was sensitive to penicillin, piperazolin/taclobatan, and ceftriaxone, but resistant to ciprofloxacin. MALDI-TOF MS and 16S rRNA gene assay identified the strain as Actinomyces europaeus. Conclusions MALDI-TOFMS and 16S rRNA could be used to identify Actinomyces europaeus and are of great significance for the diagnosis of actinomycosis.

Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 901-904, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734726


Objective To identify a clinical isolate of Mycobacterium abscessus.Methods A pus sample was collected from a patient with suspected nontuberculous mycobacterial infection who visited the Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical University on December 18,2017,and was subjected to bacterial culture,Gram staining and acid-fast staining.Drug sensitivity test was conducted by the proportion method.The genome DNA of the strain was extracted and amplified by PCR with the universal primer of 16S rRNA.The PCR products were sequenced after collection and purification,and were compared with the known sequence of Mycobacterium abscessus in GenBank database.The isolate was identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).Results The clinical isolate was identified as Mycobacterium abscessus both by MALDI-TOF MS and 16S rRNA gene sequencing.The drug sensitivity test showed that the strain was sensitive to amikacin,moxifloxacin,levofloxacin,but was resistant to streptomycin,isoniazid,rifampicin,ethambutol,ofloxacin,kanamycin,capreomycin,aminosalicylic acid,protionamide and rifabutin.The patient was diagnosed with subcutaneous soft tissue infection in the left knee joint.According to the results of drug sensitivity test,the patient was treated with amikacin and levofloxacin,and her condition was improved after treatment.Conclusion The 16S rRNA gene detection and MALDI-TOF MS both can be applied in the identification of Mycobacterium abscessus.