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1.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 93-101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare gene expression profiles in normal human cervical epithelial cells (HcerEpic) before and after Chlamydia trachomatis ( Ct) infection. Methods:HcerEpic cells that were pretreated with DEAE-D were infected with Ct serotype E standard strain and then cultured for 44 h. Uninfected HcerEpic cells were used as the control group. Total RNA was extracted from the cells in each group and reverse transcribed to construct a cDNA library. Differences in gene expression profiles between the two groups were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing and the representative genes were selected for verification by qPCR. Results:A total of 23 997 genes were detected, including 125 differentially expressed genes. Among the 125 genes, 119 were up-regulated and six were down-regulated. GO analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes were enriched in several biological processes including defense response to virus, typeⅠinterferon signaling pathway and cellular responses to typeⅠinterferons. KEGG enrichment analysis showed the differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in the pathways related to virus infections, such as influenza A virus, herpes simplex virus, EB virus and HPV, and NOD-like receptor pathway.Conclusions:There were significant differences in transcriptome profiles of HcerEpic cells before and after Ct infection. The differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in the interferon pathway, which was closely related to the antiviral processes in cells. qPCR verified the differentially expressed genes and the genes closely related to the interferon pathway, such as ISG15, IFIT2, OASL and UBE2L6.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 92-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ( 18F-FDG) PET-CT metabolic parameters for the recurrence of type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). Methods:Eighty-six patients with type 1 AIP who met the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria (ICDC) and underwent 18F-FDG PET-CT before interventional treatment at the PLA General Hospital between May 2009 and June 2021 were included and divided into recurrence group ( n=43) and no-recurrence group ( n=43) according to whether they recurred after treatment. The standard uptake value (SUV)≥2.5 fixed threshold was used to outline the pancreatic lesion volume of interest (VOI) in three dimensions, and the three-dimensional diameter of the lesion, maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean), peak standardized uptake value (SUVpeak), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), target-to-bench ratio (TBR) and standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) were measured to compare the clinical characteristics, biochemical indices and treatment of the two groups; univariate and multifactorial regression analysis were used to examine 18F-FDG PET/CT visual indices of pancreatic lesions and extra-pancreatic involved organs as well as metabolic parameters in the two groups. A recurrence prediction model was constructed and its predictive efficacy was assessed. Results:The proportion of patients receiving glucocorticoid maintenance therapy was significantly higher in the no-recurrence group than in the recurrence group (58% vs 23.3%), and the serum IgG4 levels before treatment were significantly higher in the recurrence group [(15 309±11 724) mg/L vs (8 816±7 169) mg/L]. The results of univariate analysis showed that the proportion of extra-pancreatic salivary gland involvement and VOI, SUVmax, SUVpeak, SUVR, TBR, MTV, and TLG were significantly higher in the recurrence group than in the no-recurrence group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P values <0.05); the results of multivariate analysis showed that VOI ( OR=1.012, 95% CI 1.001-1.023 ), SUV max ( OR=1.398, 95% CI 1.029-1.899), SUV peak ( OR=1.408, 95% CI1.002-1.978), SUVR ( OR=1.977, 95% CI1.036-3.771) and MTV ( OR=1.012, 95% CI1.000- 1.022) in the recurrence group were significantly higher than those in the no-recurrence group, and all differences were statistically significant (all P values <0.05). The prediction model was constructed by multifactorial binary logistic regression analysis of SUVR>2, MTV>36 cm 3, and IgG4>11 400 mg/L, which had an AUC of 0.800 (95% CI 0.704-0.897), sensitivity of 81.4% (95% CI 0.661-0.911), specificity of 74.4% (95% CI 0.585-0.860), and prediction accuracy of 77.9%. Conclusions:18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters can be used as predictors of type 1 AIP recurrence; a multiparameter model constructed based on metabolic parameters SUVR, MTV and IgG4 has a good predictive efficacy for predicting type 1 AIP recurrence.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1539-1550, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980814

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patellofemoral joint (PFJ) degeneration has traditionally been regarded as a contraindication to unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). More recently, some researchers have proposed that PFJ degeneration can be ignored in medial UKA, and others have proposed that this change should be reviewed in PFJ degenerative facets and severity. This study aimed to systematically evaluate the effect of PFJ degeneration on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and revision rates after medial UKA.@*METHODS@#Electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, etc.) were searched for studies assessing the influence of PFJ degeneration on medial UKA. A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted for the Oxford knee score (OKS), Knee society score (KSS), and revision rates and stratified by PFJ degenerative facets (medial/lateral/trochlear/unspecified), severe PFJ degeneration (bone exposed), and bearing type (mobile/fixed). Heterogeneity was assessed by the Cochran Q test statistic and chi-squared tests with the I-squared statistic.@*RESULTS@#A total of 34 articles with 7007 knees (2267 with PFJ degeneration) were included (5762 mobile-bearing and 1145 fixed-bearing and 100 unspecified). Slight to moderate degenerative changes in the medial and trochlear facets did not decrease the OKS and KSS, and only lateral facets significantly decreased the OKS (mean difference [MD] = -2.18, P   <  0.01) and KSS (MD = -2.61, P   <  0.01). The severity degree of PFJ degeneration had no additional adverse effect on the OKS, KSS, or revision rates. For mobile-bearing UKA, only lateral PFJ degeneration significantly decreased the OKS (MD = -2.21, P  < 0.01) and KSS (MD = -2.44, P  < 0.01). For fixed-bearing UKA, no correlation was found between PROMs/revision rates and PFJ degeneration.@*CONCLUSION@#For medial mobile-bearing UKA, slight to moderate degenerative changes in the PFJ, except lateral facet, did not compromise PROMs or revision rates. For medial fixed-bearing UKA, although it might not be conclusive enough, PROMs or revision rates were not adversely affected by PFJ degeneration (regardless of the facet).


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Bone Diseases , Knee Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 758-763, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981665

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of mitochondrial dynamics mediated by optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) in skeletal system diseases.@*METHODS@#The literatures about OPA1-mediated mitochondrial dynamics in recent years were reviewed, and the bioactive ingredients and drugs for the treatment of skeletal system diseases were summarized, which provided a new idea for the treatment of osteoarthritis.@*RESULTS@#OPA1 is a key factor involved in mitochondrial dynamics and energetics and in maintaining the stability of the mitochondrial genome. Accumulating evidence indicates that OPA1-mediated mitochondrial dynamics plays an important role in the regulation of skeletal system diseases such as osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and osteosarcoma.@*CONCLUSION@#OPA1-mediated mitochondrial dynamics provides an important theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of skeletal system diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Osteoarthritis , Osteoporosis
5.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 641-646, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Using the mono-energy reconstruction images and X-ray films to investigate whether the ABG Ⅱ short-stem could improve the filling ratio, stability, and alignment in the Dorr type C femur, compared with the Corail long-stem.@*METHODS@#Among patients who were with Dorr type C femurs and treated with total hip arthroplasty between January 2006 and March 2012, 20 patients with a Corail long-stem (Corail group) and 20 patients with an ABG Ⅱ short-stem (ABG Ⅱ group) were randomly selected. The differences in gender, age, body mass index, and preoperative diagnoses between the two groups were not significant ( P>0.05). The ABG Ⅱ group was with a mean follow-up of 142 months (range, 102-156 months), and the Corail group was with a mean follow-up of 107 months (range, 91-127 months). There was no significant difference in the Harris score and subjective satisfaction score between the two groups at last follow-up ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, dual-energy CT scans with mono-energy image reconstruction were used to calculate the prosthetic filling ratio and to measure the alignment of the prosthesis in the coronal and sagittal positions. Stability assessment was performed based on X-ray films, and the subsidence distance was measured using EBRA-FCA software.@*RESULTS@#X-ray film observation showed that the prostheses in the two groups were stable and no signs of loosening was found. The incidence of pedestal sign was significantly lower in the ABGⅡ group than in the Corail group ( P<0.05), and the incidence of heterotopic ossification was significantly higher in the ABGⅡ group than in the Corail group ( P<0.05). The subsidence distance of femoral stem in ABG Ⅱ group was significantly greater than that in Corail group ( P<0.05), and the subsidence speed of femoral stem in ABG Ⅱ group was also greater than that in Corail group, but the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). The overall prosthesis filling ratio was significantly higher in the ABG Ⅱ group than in the Corail group ( P<0.05), while the coronal filling ratio at the lesser trochanter, 2 cm below the lesser trochanter, and 7 cm below the lesser trochanter were not significant ( P>0.05). The results of prosthesis alignment showed that there was no significant difference in the sagittal alignment error value and the incidence of coronal and sagittal alignment error >3° between the two groups ( P>0.05), while the coronal alignment error value in the ABG Ⅱ group was significantly greater than that in the Corail group ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the ABG Ⅱ short-stem avoids the distal-proximal mismatch of the Corail long-stem in the Dorr type C femur and thus achieves a higher filling ratio, it does not appear to achieve better alignment or stability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Femur/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Lower Extremity/surgery , Prosthesis Design , Retrospective Studies
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1012-1015, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of combined problem-based learning (PBL) and lecture-based learning (LBL) on the teaching of skeletal motor system diseases for eight-year clinical medicine program students.Methods:The clinical eight-year medical students from Batch 2014 and 2015 participating in the teaching of "osteoarthritis" in the course of Skeletal Motor System Diseases in West China Clinical Medical College of Sichuan University were divided into control group (60 students) and experimental group (82 students). The control group was taught by LBL teaching method, while the experimental group was taught by PBL+LBL teaching method. A questionnaire survey was conducted to retrospectively analyze the teaching effects, including learning enthusiasm, knowledge understanding, thinking ability, teamwork ability, practical ability, self-learning ability and teacher-student relationship, as well as the evaluation of teaching satisfaction. The SPSS 22.0 software was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The survey results showed that students in the experimental group were significantly superior to those in the control group in such aspects as learning enthusiasm (8.00±1.61 vs. 7.28±1.98), knowledge understanding (8.02±1.59 vs. 7.33±1.79), thinking ability (8.34±1.66 vs. 7.42±1.90), teamwork ability (8.32±1.76 vs. 6.60±2.79), practical ability (7.70±1.69 vs. 6.87 ± 2.57), self-learning ability (8.05±1.65 vs. 7.35±2.48) and teacher-student relationship (7.96±1.75 vs. 7.25±2.10), with statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). Meanwhile, the PBL+LBL group was more satisfied with the teaching mode than the LBL group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of PBL+LBL teaching method in clinical medicine eight-year program course teaching of "osteoarthritis" in Skeletal Motor System Diseases can effectively improve the learning enthusiasm of students, improve the quality of education, and obtain good teaching effect.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 10-14, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745323

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare salvage liver transplantation (SLT) with othotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods A systematic literature search of PubMed,Embase,Cochrane Library,CBM,CNKI and Wanfang Med Online was performed from their dates of establishment to October 2017.The results were screened,data extracted and then analyzed with Stata 14.Results 23 studies with 4 161 patients were selected,including 579 patients in the SLT group and 3 582 patients in the OLT group.Compared with OLT,SLT was associated with a longer operative time (SMD =0.56,95%CI:0.29~0.83),higher intraoperative blood loss (SMD=1.56,95%CI:0.63~2.49),an increased risk of postoperative bleeding (OR =1.84,95%CI:1.08 ~ 3.14),a poorer overal survival rate (HR =1.29;95%CI:1.11~1.49) and disease free survival rate (HR=1.88;95%CI:1.26~2.81).The differences were all significant (all P<0.05).The biliary complications (OR=1.25;95%CI:0.79~1.98),vascular complications (OR=1.41;95%CI:0.69~2.89),sepsis (OR=1.10;95%CI:0.60~ 1.99),acute rejection (OR =1.25;95% CI:0.69 ~ 2.28) and perioperative mortality (OR =1.60;95 % CI:0.94 ~ 2.70) rates were not significantly different (all P>0.05).Conclusions OLT is a better treatment strategy for patients with transplantable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) compared with SLT.However,severe organ limitation,and feasibility and safety of surgery make SLT a better option for patients with HCC recurrence after liver resection.

8.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 175-178, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755919

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively evaluate the diagnostic value of blood oxygen leveldependent (BOLD) MRI in the diagnosis of different degrees of liver warm ischemia-reperfusion injury (WIRI) in rabbits and evaluate the intervention effect of liposomal prostaglandin E1 (Lipo-PGE1).Methods Seventy healthy adult New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into sham -operated group (A0),thermal ischemic groups (A1~A3) and intervention groups (A4~A6).All experimental rabbits were scanned by routine MR and BOLD MRI after 6-hour reperfusion.R2* images were calculated by two radiologists.The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT),asparate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were examined.And liver pathological sectioning was performed.All data were processed by one-way,Spearman's correlation and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses.Results The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0.805 of two measurements suggesting that the repeatability of the outcome was decent.R2* values among sham-operated,thermal ischemia and intervention groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).R2 * values in sham-operated and ischemia groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).As warm ischemia time elapsed,R2* value showed a rising trend.R2* values in sham-operated and intervention groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).R2* values of sham-operated group at the same timepoint of thermal ischemia and intervention groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).Under the same ischemic time,R2* values of intervention groups were smaller than those of thermal ischemia groups.With the prolongation of ischemia time,reduction of R2* values became more pronounced.However,it did not reach the level of A0 group.R2* values were significantly positively correlated with ALT,AST and LDH (r>0.5,P<0.05).ROC analysis indicated that R2* had an excellent diagnostic performance.Conclusions BOLD MRI may be applied for noninvasive assessment of liver ischemia-reperfusion injury in different degrees.Lipo-PGE1 alleviates ischemia -reperfusion injury and BOLD MRI can evaluate the relieving degree of Lipo-PGE1.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 493-495, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818804

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the differences of temperament characteristics between children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and normal children, and to provide evidence for early detection of ASD children and the development of personalized treatment plans.@*Methods@#In this case-control study, we enrolled 129 ASD children and 129 normal children aged 3-7 years. The Behavioral Style Questionnaire (BSQ) scale was used to assess the temperament.@*Results@#ASD children got higher scores in terms of "activity level", "withdrawal", "adaptability", "emotional nature", "persistence", and "response threshold" temperament dimensionality scores(P<0.05), and lower scores in terms of "rhythmical", "response intensity" temperament dimensionality scores than normal children(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in "attention dispersiveness" between ASD group and control group(P>0.05). Among the children in the ASD and control group, the proportion of each temperament type was "easy to raise temperament type" (41.8% vs 62.8%), "partially easy to raise temperament type" (31.8% vs 27.9%), "partially difficult to raise temperament type" (17.1% vs 6.2%), “slow-up-towarm temperament type" (7.7% vs 2.3%) and "difficult to raise temperament type" (1.6% vs 0.8%).Statistical analysis showed that the rate of "easy to raise temperament type" was lower than that in normal children(P<0.05), while the rates of "partially easy to raise temperament type", "partially difficult to raise temperament type", "difficult to raise temperament type", and "slow-up-to-warm temperament type" in ASD children were higher(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#There was significant difference in temperament characteristics between ASD children and normal children. The evaluation of temperament type contributes to early detection of ASD children and provides a reference for their behavioral correction.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 490-492, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818803

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the level of vitamin B12 in children with autism spectrum disorder(ASD), and provide a theoretical basis for early detection and drug treatment of ASD.@*Methods@#A total of 89 ASD cases and 89 matched controls were collected. The levels of urinary methylmalonic acid (MMA) and serum vitamin B12, Transcobalamin Ⅱ (TCN2) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). TCN2 gene rs1801198 was genotyped by SNaPshot.@*Results@#The serum levels of vitamin B12 and TCN2 in children with ASD [(369.08±131.88)pmol/L, (1.56±0.16)ng/mL] were significantly lower than those in the control group[(485.16±200.33)pmol/L, (1.71±0.17)ng/mL](t=-5.47, -5.92, P<0.05). The level of MMA in urine of ASD children [(758.97±106.96) ng/mL] was significantly higher than that in the control group[(693.66±121.72)ng/mL](t=3.94, P<0.05); The genetic polymorphism of rs1801198 locus was not associated with the risk of ASD(P>0.05), and there was no significant correlation with serum TCN2 level(F=1.16, P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#ASD children are at a potential deficiency of vitamin B12 and should strengthen their nutritional interventions while conducting ASD interventions.

11.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 676-680, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745853

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of hypothermia mechanical perfusion (HMP) preservation on microcirculation injury of isolated pig small intestine.Methods Ten healthy Bama miniature pigs were selected.The experimental animals were randomly divided into two groups.In HMP group (n =5),the intestine of 200 cm in length and corresponding blood vessels were cut and then connected to HMP storage device at 4 ℃ for 6 h.In UW group (n =5),the intestine of 200 cm in length and corresponding blood vessels were cut and then preserve in 4 ℃ UW solution for 6 h.Situ small intestine transplantation was performing when preservation finished.The serum NO and ET-1,the dry-wet ratios of intestine tissue,blood flow velocity of intestinal microcirculation and pathological changes of tissues were detected before and after preservation.Results There was no significant difference in serum ET-1 and NO between HMP group and UW group (P>0.05) before laparotomy.The levels of serum ET-1 increased and serum NO decreased after 30 min of blood flow opening in the transplanted intestine in both groups,more significantly in UW group.There was no significant difference in dry-wet ratio of small intestine before transplantation between the two groups (P> 0.05).When the blood flow was opened for 30 min,the dry wet ratio of small intestine in UW group was significantly lower than that in HMP group.There was no significant difference in blood flow velocity of intestinal microcirculation between the two groups before transplantation (P>0.05),and the blood flow velocity of the two groups decreased significantly after 30 min of blood flow opening,more significant in UW group (P<0.05).When the blood flow was opened for 30 min,there was mild edema of the lamina propria in the small intestinal tissue of the HMP group,scattered infiltration of the lymphocytes,no exuviation on the surface of the villi and no capillary congestion;In the small intestinal tissue of the UW group,there were edema and congestion of the intrinsic membrane,infiltration of the lymphocytes,the partial exuviation of the villi epithelial cells,focal erosion of the office,and capillary congestion.Conclusion Compared with cold preservation of UW solution,preservation of pig small intestine by HMP can reduce microvascular damage and alleviate the edema and injury caused by ischemia and hypoxia.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 384-389, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806578

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and drug related adverse reactions of sorafenib and sunitinib as first-line tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) and analyze the clinical prognostic factor for survival.@*Methods@#The data of 271 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who had complete clinicopathological data were retrospectively analyzed, including 174 cases in sorafenib group and 97 cases in sunitinib group, to access patients′ overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Prognostic values of all characteristics were determined by using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models.@*Results@#The objective response rates (ORR) of the sorafenib and sunitinib groups were 14.9% and 19.6%, respectively, and the disease control rates (DCR) were 85.1% and 88.6%, respectively. No significant difference was found between the sorafenib and sunitinib group in ORR (P=0.325) or DCR (P=0.408). The most common grade 3 to 4 adverse events in the sorafenib group were hand-foot syndrome (6.7%), diarrhea (2.3%), and rash (2.3%). The most common grade 3 to 4 adverse events in the sunitinib group were neutropenia (6.2%), hand-foot syndrome (6.2%), and thrombocytopenia (4.6%). During the follow-up, 97 cases death occurred and 81 cases disease progression occurred in sorafenib group. The median PFS was 12 months (95% CI: 9-15 months), and the median OS was 25 months (95% CI: 21-29 months) in sorafenib group. While 74 cases death occurred and 40 cases disease progression occurred in sunitinib group, the median PFS was 12 months (95% CI: 10-12 months) and the median OS was 23 months (95% CI: 20-32 months) in sunitinib group. No significant difference was found between the sorafenib and the sunitinib group in PFS (P=0.771) or OS (P=0.548). Multivariate analysis showed Fuhrman grades (HR=1.358, 95%CI: 1.004-1.835), number of metastatic sites (HR=1.550, 95%CI: 1.143-2.101) and MSKCC risk grade (Intermediate risk group: HR=1.621, 95%CI: 1.117-2.232; Poor risk group: HR=2.890, 95%CI: 1.942-4.298) were independent prognostic factors for PFS. Fuhrman grades (HR=2.135, 95%CI: 1.533-2.974), number of metastatic sites (HR=1.774, 95%CI: 1.279-2.461) and MSKCC risk grade (Intermediate risk group: HR=1.415, 95%CI: 1.002-1.998; Poor risk group: HR=3.161, 95%CI: 2.065-4.838) were independent prognostic factors for OS.@*Conclusions@#The results of this study indicate that sorafenib and sunitinib are both effective as the first-line TKIs for mRCC patients and sorafenib has comparable efficacy to sunitinib. But they have differences in the incidence of adverse effects. Fuhrman grades, number of metastatic sites and MSKCC risk grade are independent prognostic factors for mRCC patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 765-769, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712208

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate effects of 7 common hemoglobin variants on HbA 1c measurements using 4 ion exchange high performance liquid chromatography methods .Methods Ninety five samples with hemoglobin variants were collected from January 2017 to February 2018 during HbA1c measurements in laboratary medicine of peking university shenzhen hospital .Samples with 7 common hemoglobin variants were measured using Sebia Capillary 2 Flex Piercing, Bio-Rad D-10, Arkray HA8180V, Tosoh G8, and MQ6000 Plus, respectively.Effects of 7 common hemoglobin variants on HbA 1c measurements by the 4 methods were analyzed using Capillary 2 Flex Piercing as a comparative method .All statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS software version 19.0 .Mean bias were calculated for samples with hemoglobin variants , box plot was established to display bias distribution .Results Hb New York showed no interference on the 4 HPLC mechods although Hb New York could not be detected .D-10 could detect 6 Hb variants, and showed clinically significant interference for Hb J-Bangkok, Hb G-Coushatta, and Hb G-Taipei.HA-8180V fast mode yielded no HbA1c values for Hb J-Bangkok, Hb G-Coushatta, and Hb G-Taipei.Hb E, Hb Q-Thailand, and Hb G-Honolulu produced significant negative biases for HA-8180V.G8 standard mode could detect 1 Hb variant, and showed significant negative biases for six Hb variants .MQ6000 Plus could separate six Hb variants , only Hb G-Coushatta and Hb G-Taipei produced significant negative biases for the system . Conclusions Some common hemoglobin variants can interfere with HbA 1c determination by the most popular methods in South China , which may lead to erroneous HbA 1c values.

14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 749-753, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735038

ABSTRACT

In some countries and regions,descending branch of lateral circumflex femoral artery(DBLCFA) has been successfully applied to CABG.It is feasible,easy and safe to harvest and apply DBLCFA to CABG.We review the origin,distribution and anatomical features of DBLCFA.And introduce its application,relevant techniques and strategies in CABG.

15.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 137-142, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609595

ABSTRACT

Objective By developing a novel endoscopic succession closing device to overcome the shortcomings of existing devices that cannot deploy several clips at one time,to perform structural analysis on different clamp structures and to validate their performances in tissue closure through finite element analysis.Metbods Comparative analyses of 3 clamp structures,namely,the aligning tooth structure (original,clamp A),the staggered tooth structure (clamp B),a combination structure with page break angle and staggered tooth (clamp C),were performed to analyze pressure and its distribution on tissues when clamping the stomach wall.Displacement of 7.5 mm was then applied on the clamps to simulate the effect from operating procedures of the device and tissue kick-back.Results The maximum stresses of the clamp A and B were located on the first pair of teeth which was closest to the rotating shaft,with the stress of 10.39 kPa and 10.11 kPa,respectively.The maximum stress (11.35 kPa) of the clamp C was located on the second pair of teeth.For clamp A and B,the longer the distance to shaft,the larger pressure on stomach tissues.While for clamp C,the pressure on device-tissue interface showed little change along the path.Under tensile displacement,clamp A and B slipped off from the tissue when displacements reached to 5.0 mm and 6.5 mm,respectively,while clamp C did not slip off.Conclusions Clamp with page break angle and staggered tooth can exert the uniform maximum pressure to tissues and provide a larger contact area away from the rotating shaft,thus improving the anti-slippage and performance of the novel endoscopic closing device.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 102-107, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808196

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the morphologic, immunohistochemical, genetic, clinical features and prognosis of Ewing-like BCOR-CCNB3 gene fusion undifferentiated sarcoma (BCOR-CCNB3 fusion sarcoma).@*Method@#Seventeen Ewing-like sarcoma cases were screened for CCNB3 expression and BCOR-CCNB3 fusion transcripts by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR among 260 cases of Ewing-like sarcomas collected during Jan, 2006 to Dec, 2015. Three cases of BCOR-CCNB3 fusion sarcoma were found among 17 atypical Ewing sarcomas, and follow-up were conducted.@*Results@#The harboring of BCOR-CCNB3 fusion transcript was confirmed by RT-PCR and directly sequencing results. The three patients aged between 8 and 11 years old. Two of them were male and the other one was female. One patient achieved a complete response after chemotherapy, the other two died without chemotherapy after surgical excision in 12 months. Tumor cells in all 3 cases showed diffuse nuclear CCNB3, TLE1 and cyclin D1 positivity, while CCNB3 (0/12), TLE1 (1/12) and cyclin D1 (4/12) positivity was infrequent in the 12 cases of classical Ewing′s sarcoma. The oval or plump spindle tumor cells with fine chromatin arranged in solid pattern, the nucleoli was inconspicuous. The delicate capillary networks were obvious in the tumor.@*Conclusion@#With a detailed description of the histological spectrum, immunohistochemical features and clinical characteristic of BCOR-CCNB3 sarcoma, justify distinction from Ewing sarcoma could be possible.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 1343-1347, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510898

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the mutations of ID3,TCF3 and MYC genes in Chinese Burkitt lymphoma and discuss their significance.Methods Total DNA was extracted from tumor tissues of 32 patients with Burkitt lymphoma,then the DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR),and the products of PCR were sequenced directly with Sanger sequencing methods.Results The mutation rates of ID3 and TCF3 genes were 35.5% (11/31) and 18.8% (6/32) respectively.The mutation rate of MYC was 50%.The mutation rates of MYC exon 1,MYC exon 2 and MYC exon 3 were 3.3% (1/30),50% (15/30) and 7.7% (2/26) respectively.Conclusion Recurrent mutations of the ID3,TCF3 and MYC genes in Chinese Burkitt lymphoma were identified by Sanger sequencing.For TCF3 gene,a novel mutation c.2202G > C p.L569V was found in three cases.In two cases,a novel mutation of c.1070A >G p.G182D was found in MYC gene.

18.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 689-695, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811992

ABSTRACT

@#A qualitative analytical method of liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(HPLC-QTOF-MS)was developed for identification of major constituents in process residue of tripterygium glycosides. The HPLC-QTOF-MS assay was performed on a Zorbax SB-C18 column(4. 6 mm × 50 mm, 1. 8 μm)with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water containing 0. 2% formic acid in gradient mode. Positive ion mode was used for TOF-MS. According to the accurate molecular weight, MS fragment pathway, comparison with the retention time of reference compounds, total 30 compounds, including fifteen alkaloids, ten diterpenoids, four triterpenoids and an unsaturated fatty acid were identified or tentatively characterized in process residue of tripterygium glycosides. This study may be helpful to the comprehensive exploitation and utilization of process residue of tripterygium glycosides.

19.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 519-521, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499933

ABSTRACT

s:Objective Discuss the application of CTA for renal vascular control in laparoscopic renal transplantation of relative renal donors. Methods 83 cases of relative renal transplantation donors which are completed in our department during March 2007 to Junuary 2012 were divided into 3 Groups. There were 35 cases in group A ( laparoscopic nephrectomy with preoperative CTA examination) , 15 cases in group B ( laparoscopic nephrectomy without preoperative CTA examination) , and 33 cases group C ( conventional nephrectomy) . In group A, the location and quantity of renal arteries and veins were observed with preoperative CTA to make plan for vascular control. And the oper-ation time, amount of bleeding, vascular injury cases, the renal warm ischemia time in the graft, mean time of postoperative hospitalization were compared with those of group B and group C. Results 5 cases of renal vascular anomalies were observed in Group A, including 2 cases of single accessory renal artery, 2 cases of early branch of renal artery and 1 case of double renal veins. And all of them were intraoperatively comfirmed. 3 cases of renal vascular anomalies were observed in group B, including 1 case of renal arteriovenous ectopic, 1 case of injury in the accessory renal artery with diameter of 0. 6 cm, and it were given artery elongation with inferior epigastric artery postoperatively, and 1 case of renal vein injure during blocking lumbar vein with Hemolock which were repaired postoperatively. 5 cases of renal vascular anomalies were observed in group C, including 1 case of single accessory renal artery, 3 cases of early branch of renal artery, and 1 case of accessory renal artery with the diameter of 0. 1cm in the right renal was injured during surgery. The operation time, amount of bleeding, cases with vascular injury , renal warm ischemia time of donor , and the mean time of postoperative hospitalization in group A were superior to those in group B and group C. Conclusion CTA is a simple noninvasive imaging method, which can provide the details of the renal vascular preop-eratively to ensure the safety of patients during surgery and improve survival quality of donor renal, and it is of great advance in laparoscopic renal transplantation of living-related renal donors.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 274-276, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237268

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect potential mutations of EDA gene for a Chinese family affected with X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood of the proband, his relatives and 50 non-related healthy controls. Exonic sequences of the EDA gene were subjected to polymerase chain reaction amplification and direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A c.467G> A mutation (R156H) was detected in exon 3 of the EDA gene in the proband, his mother, 2 uncles, and 1 aunt. The same mutation was not detected in the 50 non-related healthy controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A c.467G>A mutation of the EDA gene probably underlies the disease in the family.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Base Sequence , Ectodermal Dysplasia 1, Anhidrotic , Diagnosis , Genetics , Ectodysplasins , Genetics , Exons , Genotype , Mutation , Pedigree
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