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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical manifestations and prognosis of patients with liver perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa).Methods:The clinical manifestations, imaging findings, pathological features, treatment and prognosis of 17 patients with liver PEComa managed in Shenzhen People's Hospital from September 2002 to January 2020 were retrospectively analysed.Results:The patient age of onset of liver PEComa was 22 to 54 years (average 34.8 years). There were 13 females and 4 males. 82%(14/17) of patients presented with no significant symptoms. 15/17 had solitary tumors. The diagnostic rate using preoperative B-ultrasound, CT and MRI was low. Postoperative pathological studies showed the tumor cells were mainly epithelioid cells with hyaline or eosinophilic cytoplasm. There were abundant blood vessels in the tumor tissues. Adipose tissues were also seen. Immunohistochemistry showed both HMB45 and Melan-A positivities to arrive at the diagnosis. All patients were treated with surgical resection. There were no recurrence, metastasis, or death on follow-up.Conclusion:Hepatic PEComa occurred more frequently in young women and it had no specific clinical manifestations. Except for a small number of tumors with adipose tissue detected on preoperative imagings, this tumor was difficult to diagnose, or even be suspected on preoperative imagings. Pathological examination combined with immunohistochemistry after surgery established the diagnosis. Surgery resulted in good prognosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804679

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between expression level of miRNAs and pulmonary fibrosis on the basis of comparison the differential expression of miRNAs in rat pulmonary fibrosis induced by nano SiO2 and micron SiO2.@*Methods@#Thirty-six healthy male SD rats weighting 180-220 g were randomly divided into 3 groups. They were instilled intratracheally with 1 ml suspension of saline, 25 mg/ml nanosized SiO2 and microsized SiO2 particles and sacrificed at 60 d and 90 d postexposure from each group with six rats. The change of pathological morphology and ultrastructure of lung were observed by optical and transmission electron microscopy. The differentially expressed microRNAs in lung tissue of the rats after instilled intrachcally nanosized SiO2 and microsized SiO2 particles at 60 d and 90 d were determined by Illumina HiSeq 2 000 sequencing technique. Target prediction for miRNAs was conducted by databases of Target-scan. Function-significant enrichment analysis and signal pathway analysis for predicted target genes were respectively conducted by the GO and the KEGG, then target genes related to pulmonary fibrosis were screened out.@*Results@#Light microscope examination showed that wide bronchi, vessels, interlobular septa and slight fibrous connective tissue proliferation at 60 d and 90 d postexposure in 25 mg/ml nanosized SiO2 group. A few fused nodules at 30 d postexposure, a lot of fused nodules at 60 d postexposure, fibrous cell nodules and compensatory emphysema around alveolar at 90 d postexposure in 25 mg/mL microsized SiO2 group were observed. Electron microscopy demonstrated swelling and vacuolar degeneration of osmiophilic lamellar bodies in type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells, collagen fiber and elastic fiber hyperplasia in pulmonary interstitial at 60 d, 90 d postexposure in 25 mg/ml nanosized SiO2 group. Increased and vacuoloid changed osmiophilic lamellar bodies in type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells, collagen fiber and elastic fiber hyperplasia in the interstitial at 60 d, 90 d postexposure in 25 mg/ml microsized SiO2 group were observed. Comparing to saline control group, the number of miRNA up-regulated expression was 50, 70, and down-regulated expression was 22 and 24 at 60 d, 90 d postexposure in 25 mg/ml nanosized SiO2 group respectively. There were 91,70 miRNAs up-regulated expression and 34,78 miRNAs down-regulated expression at 60 d, 90 d postexposure in 25 mg/ml microscale SiO2 group. The common miRNA of differential up-regulated expression are miRNA-18a and miRNA-702-3p, down-regulated expression are miRNA-541, miRNA-127 and miRNA-379 both in nanosized SiO2 and microscale SiO2 group. The target genes related to pulmonary fibrosis were CTGF, IGF, BMP7, FGF7, TGF-β RIII, IGF1R and TGF-β1 respectively. Their biologic functions are to regulate signal pathway of TGF-β, MAPK and Wnt, and activation of fibroblast.@*Conclusion@#These findings suggested that same dose of nanosized SiO2 particles could cause mainly characterized by pulmonary interstitial fibrosis differing from silicotic nodule caused by microsized SiO2. miRNA-18a, miRNA-702-3p, miRNA-541, miRNA-127 and miRNA-379 may play a role in the process of pulmonary fibrosis in nanosized SiO2 and microscale SiO2 by regulating its target genes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789174

ABSTRACT

With the development of the internationalization of Chinese medicine education,higher requirements are demanded for the faculty of foreign students.How to explore a suitable way of teaching foreign students to study TCM is the problem for all the foreign education teachers.Based on the concept of Gamification,we apply the game elements or mechanism effectively in teaching which can active the classroom atmosphere,improve students' interest and enhance the effect of learning.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751756

ABSTRACT

It's important that the university teachers apply proper linguistic strategies in the Traditional Chinese medicine courses for foreign students,which can reduce the non-native language ability limitation to teaching effect to a certain extent,which can let students better understand and grasp the contents.This paper summarize the influence of linguistic strategies on teaching effect,such as signposting,signalling importance,back channeling,repetition,questioning,commenting,which is the important foundation and powerful guarantee of ideal teaching effects of EMI.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486188

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of insulin on vascular diameter of the peri -infarct region and infarct volume after cerebral infarction in mice. Methods Forty male C57/BL6j mice w ere randomly divided into a control group ( n = 5), a cerebral infarction group ( n = 15), a cerebral insulin resistance group (n = 5), and a cerebral insulin resistance infarction group ( n = 15). A model of cerebral infarction w as induced by the photochemical method. A model of cerebral insulin resistance w as induced by intracerebroventricular injection of streptozocin. Tw o -photon confocal microscope w as used to in vivo evaluate the changes of vascular diameter in the peri-infarct region at 20 min after insulin injection into the cerebelomedulary cistern. After modeling of cerebral infarction, artificial cerebrospinal fluid or insulin (10 ng/ml) w as immediately injected into the cerebelomedulary cistern, and the effect of insulin on cerebral infarct volume w as evaluated at 24 h after infarction. Results Insulin did not have significant effect on various types of cerebral vascular diameters in the normal control group, but it significantly contracted cerebral arteries ( -23.16% ±6.86% and -23.32% ±6.40%, respectively; al P <0.001) and penetrating arteries ( -15.20% ±5.51% and -16.40% ±4.27%, respectively; al P < 0.001) in the cerebral insulin resistance group and the cerebral insulin resistance infarction group, but it did not have any effect on the diameters of the cerebral veins. There w ere no significant differences in the vasoactive effects of insulin betw een the cerebral infarction group and the normal control group, as w el as betw een the cerebral insulin resistance group and the cerebral insulin resistance infarction group. Insulin significantly reduced the volume of cerebral infarction in the cerebral infarction group (9.0 ±1.0 mm3 vs.6.0 ±1.2 mm3; t = 4.294,P =0.002), and it did not have significant effect on the volume of cerebral infarction in the cerebral insulin resistance infarction group ( 12.6 ±2.3 mm3 vs.11.6 ±1.7 mm3; t = 0.782, P = 0.456). Conclusions Insulin can reduce ischemic brain injury in normal mice and can not affect the cerebrovascular diameter of the peri-infarct region. The neuroprotective effect of insulin is not significant in cerebral insulin resistance in mice, and it may be associated w ith the vasoconstrictor effects of insulin in the peri -infarct region.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480796

ABSTRACT

Neurology is one of the most difficult subjects in clinical medical education.How to improve the teaching model of neurology is a crucial problem.The systematic instructional design and problem-based learning (PBL) emerge as mature teaching techniques,and having a broad application prospect.However,simple PBL teaching model has not achieved the desired results,because PBL teaching method pays excessive attention to the subjective initiative of students,but ignores the supervision and assessment mechanisms,such as assessment,feedback,adjustment,which are the major concerns of systematic instructional design.This research tries to combine systematic instructional design with PBL teaching model,and explore the position in neurology teaching.By determining the teaching target,analysis of PBL teaching,writing teaching plans,organization of PBL teaching,feedback to adjust teaching design method,the final summative evaluation is done and the teaching,was completed.After practice tips may bring progress on neurology teaching mode.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669876

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine cerebrovascular reactivity to CO2 inhalation in mice. Methods In vivo Two-Pho?ton imaging technique was used to record the reaction of cerebral cortical vessels including penetrating artery, surface vein and capillary in 5 male C57 mice after CO2 inhalation under a thinned-skull cranial window. Nitric oxide syntheses inhibitor L-NAME and Prostaglandin syntheses inhibitor Indomethacin were used to block different vasodilator pathways, respectively. Results Different mouse cortical vessels displayed different degrees of dilation to 1-minute 5%CO2 inhala?tion. The penetrating artery exhibited the most obvious dilation (45.01%±4.45%). L-NAME intervention significantly di?minished cerebravascular CO2 reactivity(P<0.05). Indomethacin significantly attenuated the dilation of artery but not capillary comparing with L-NAME intervention(P<0.05). Conclusions Different vessels react differently to CO2 inhala?tion in which postaglandins and NO signal pathways are involved.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463695

ABSTRACT

Pulse-taking, as one of the four diagnostic methods of inspection, auscultation and olfaction, inquiry and pulse-taking, can fully embodies the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. Pulse-taking is the teaching key point for the international students. However, because the pulsetheory and literature is quite profound and abstract and there is a long distance between the class teaching and clinical practice, the teaching of pulse-taking is also the difficult point for the international students. Therefore, the pulse-taking teaching should focus on the interesting teaching, the culture of traditional Chinese medicine of pulse, image teaching and practice training.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482563

ABSTRACT

Clinical practice training is a interim curriculum of basic courses and clinical courses, medical university and hospital, which is an important part of medical education system. Clinical practice training teachers, as the main subject of teaching activity, is a key in guaranteeing a better teaching quality. Therefore, we should attach great importance to the construction of clinical practice training teachers, renewal of the idea of clinical practice training, training system and measures of clinical practice training teachers and the improvement of the management of clinical practice training

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747758

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the application of double pedicle blood supply pectoralis major myocutaneous flap in reconstruction of laryngeal and hypo pharyngeal defect after carcinoma resection.@*METHOD@#All the patients received initial treatment. Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap was Applied in one-stage reconstruction in 22 cases of laryngocarcinoma and hypopharyngeal carcinoma with post-operation defect. During operation, pectoral branches of thoracoacromial vessels and branch of lateral thoracic vessels were reserved and prepared to be double pedicle vessel fascia bundle without muscle at the beginning part, rearched to defect area through subclavian tunnel. After operation, it is necessary to closely observe the subcutaneous swelling, quantity and color of the drain and others of neck surgery area to exclude the occurrence of surgical hematoma. When there is suspicion, do timely exploration.@*RESULT@#Pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps of 22 patients were all survived. Pharyngeal fistula occurred in 2 cases and was cured by change of dressing. Twenty-one cases received radiotherapy after operation without secondary flap necrosis. After follow-up of 6 months to 24 months, one case of roll repairment of circumferential defect in cervical esophagus,found to have anastomotic stenosis 8 months after radiotherapy and then underwent gastrostomy treatment,the other 21 cases showed good recovery of swallowing function. Among 13 cases with laryngeal function reserved, only 1 case wearing tube and the extubation rate was 92.3% without communication barriers, no patient died in the short follow-up period.@*CONCLUSION@#For double pedicle blood supply pectoralis major nyocutaneous flap, blood supply are fully guaranteed and does not require complicated equipment to observe and monitor the flap blood supply after operation, it is important to exclude factors that may lead to muscular flap necrosis to ensure the survival of pectoralis major myocutaneous flap.


Subject(s)
Esophagus , General Surgery , Fistula , Pathology , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Larynx , General Surgery , Myocutaneous Flap , Pharynx , Pathology , General Surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1163-1165, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269772

ABSTRACT

Meridian, collateral and acupoints is the basic course of acupuncture and moxibustion and even is the core for training excellent acupuncture physician. Associated with the characters of international students, the writers had the preliminary exploration and practice on teaching this course. For the acupoint names, the international codes of acupoints and Chinese pinyin were applied in combination and the meanings of acupoint were explained to deepen the understanding of acupoints. For acupoint location, the international standards and classical medical works were combined and the experiences in acupoint location were introduced additionally to open the approach to acupoint location. For acupoint effect, the major functions and ancient medical cases were combined to improve the learning interests. For acupoint location practice, the demonstration by teachers was combined with practice and drawing of acupoints and meridians was supplemented to consolidate the foundational knowledge.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Education , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , China , Humans , Internationality , Learning , Meridians , Students
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283068

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To Investigate the biological effects of miR-144 in rats' pulmanory injury induced by nanosized SiO₂preliminarily.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>150 healthy SD rats were divided into five groups randomly: the control group, the nanosized SiO₂groups of 6.25, 12.5, 25.0 mg/ml, and the microsized SiO₂group of 25.0 mg/ml, 30 rats each group. Six rats were sacrificed for their pathological change on the 7th, 15th, 30th, 60th and 90th day after exposure. The expression levels of mature miR-144 in lung tissue of the rats after instilled intracheally nanosized SiO₂at 90d was detected by Quantitative Reverse Transcription PCR. Target prediction for miR-144 was conducted by databases of Target-scan, microRNA.org and miRDB. Function-significant enrichment analysis and signal pathway analysis for predicted target genes were respectively conducted by the Gene Ontology and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, then target genes related to pulmonary fibrosis were screened out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of miR-144 was up-regulated in lung tissue of rats exposed to nanosized SiO₂. The result was consistent with the results of high-throughput sequencing Hiseq 2000. The target genes of miR-144 related to fibrosis or signal pathway involved in fibrosis were screened out.They are SMAD4, SMAD5, ADAMTS3, ADAMTS15 and ADAMTS19.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MiR-144 probably participate in the regulation of fibrosis, which may play an important role in pulmonary injury induced by nanosized SiO₂.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Lung , Pathology , Lung Injury , Metabolism , Pathology , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Nanoparticles , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Silicon Dioxide , Toxicity
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452452

ABSTRACT

With the process of internalization of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) accelerating increasely, intensive study on international educational reform of TCM is significant. This article elaborates importance of international educational reform of TCM from development situation of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, combined with regional characteristics, find that intensifying the reform and expanding the opening up of international education of TCM is an Important Channel of international development of Tianjin, a reflection of national willpower, a corollary of adapting to the development trend of the economic globalization and an inevitable requirement and powerful guarantee of internalization of TCM. Therefore, we hold that international educational reform of is imperative to achieve the internalization of TCM.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450574

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of oppressing with catheter balloon and carboprost tromethamine to prevent hemorrhage caused by central placenta previa during cesarean.Methods The clinical data of 22 cases oppressing with catheter balloon and carboprost tromethamine to prevent hemorrhage caused by central placenta previa during cesarean were analyzed retrospectively.Results Among of 22 cases,17 patients succeeded in haemostasis < 2 000 ml.Catheter balloon was took out after 24 h.No infection and late postpartum hemorrhage.There were 3 uterine artery ligation because of placenta implantation with haemostasis 2 000-3 000 ml,1 uterine artery embolization,1 hysterectomy with haemostasis 4 000 ml because of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and no maternal died.The patients were given postoperative routine antibiotics for 3-7 d,no infection and late postpartum hemorrhage.Conclusion Oppressing with catheter balloon and carboprost tromethamine is an effective measure to treat hemorrhage caused by central placenta previa during cesarean.

15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1373-1376, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266747

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain the normal gait for the prosthesis-carrier with the change of external environment and gait, we designed a model of dynamic ankle prosthesis and control system and introduced the strategy of central pattern generator (CPG) about the moving trail of dynamic ankle prosthesis. The dynamic parts, which are incorporated in the model of dynamic ankle prosthesis, provide power in order to have anthropic function and character. The tool of Matlab/simulink was used to simulate the strategy. The simulation results showed that the strategy of CPG learn- ing control in this study was effective and could track the reference trail rapidly and fit the moving trail of a person's normal limb. It can make the prosthetic timely regulation and action, enhance the prosthetic intelligence. It has im- portant practical value for intelligent prosthesis development based on this analysis of technology.


Subject(s)
Ankle Joint , Artificial Limbs , Biomechanical Phenomena , Central Pattern Generators , Gait , Humans , Joint Prosthesis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431551

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of exogenous semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) on apoptosis in primary cultured rat cortical neurons and the roles of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/serine-threonine kinase (Akt) pathway in apoptosis induced by Sema3A.Methods Newborn Sprague-Dawley rat cortical neurons were cultured in vitro and they were identified by microtubule associated protein-2 (MAP-2) staining The cultured cortical neurons were treated with various concentrations of Sema3A (0,500,1 000,and 2 000 μg/ml) for 48hours.Neuronal survival rate was detected with CCK8 assay.Neuronal apoptosis was detected with Hoechst33342 staining and TUNEL staining.The expressions of P-Akt,Akt and Bcl-2 in cortical neurons were determined with Western blotting.Results The purity of cortical neurons culture was more than 95%.CCK8 assay showed that the survival rates of cortical neurons in the groups of 500,1 000and 2 000 μg/ml Sema3A were 80.9% ± 5.3%,67.5% ± 3.9% and 50.2% ± 4.4% of the control group,respectively (F =165.042,P =0.000).Hoechst33342 staining showed that the apoptosis rate in the normal control group and the groups of 500,1 000and 2 000 μg/ml Sema3A were 22.4% ± 1.2%,34.0% ± 1.2%,39.3% ± 1.4% and 47.3% ±2.3%,respectively (F =103.237,P =0.000).TUNEL staining showed that the apoptosis rate in the normal control group and the groups of 500,1 000and 2 000 μg/ml Sema3A were 23.9% ± 1.1%,31.9% ± 1.0%,40.1% ± 1.5% and 51.4% ± 3.4%,respectively (F =103.118,P =0.000).Western blotting showed that the expressions of P-Akt (F =15.959,P =0.001) and Bcl-2 (F=18.776,P =0.001) decreased gradually,while the expression of Akt had no significant changes (F =0.590,P =0.639).Conclusions Sema3A can decrease the survival rate of the cultured cortical neurons,mainly by inducing apoptosis,and the mechanism of which might be related to the down-regulation of expressions of P-Akt and Bcl-2.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472884

ABSTRACT

A novel high performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the determination of 4-O-methylhonokiol in rabbit plasma and was applied to its pharmacokinetic investigation.Plasma samples were treated by one-fold volume of methanol and acetonitrile to remove the interference proteins.A reverse phase column of SHIMPACK VP-ODS (150 mm× 4.6 mm,5.0 μm) was used to separate 4-O-methylhonokiol in the plasma samples.The detection limit of 4-O-methylhonokiol was 0.2 μg/L and the linear range was 0.012- 1.536 mg/L.The good extraction recoveries were obtained for the spiked samples (84.7%,89.3% and 87.7% for low,middle and high concentrations of added standards,respectively).The relative standard deviation of intra-day and inter-day precisions was in the range from 0.6% to 13.5%.The pharmacokinetic study of 4-O-methylhonokiol was made and the results from the plasmaconcentration curve of 4-O-methylhonokiol showed a two-apartment open model.This work developed a sensitive,stable and rapid HPLC method for the determination of 4-O-methylhonokiol and the developed method has been successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of 4-O-methylhonokiol.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635147

ABSTRACT

The effects of epigenetic modification on the differentiation of islet cells and the expression of associated genes (Pdx-1, Pax4, MafA, and Nkx6.1, etc) were investigated. The promoter methylation status of islet differentiation-associated genes (Pdx-1, Pax4, MafA and Nkx6.1), Oct4 and MLH1 genes of mouse embryonic stem cells, NIH3T3 cells and NIT-1 cells were profiled by methylated DNA immunoprecipitation, real-time quantitative PCR (MeDIP-qPCR) techniques. The histone modification status of these genes promoter region in different cell types was also measured by using chromatin immunoprecipitation real-time quantitative PCR methods. The expression of these genes in these cells was detected by using real-time quantitative PCR. The relationship between the epigenetic modification (DNA methylation, H3 acetylation, H3K4m3 and H3K9m3) of these genes and their expression was analyzed. The results showed that: (1) the transcription-initiation-sites of Pdx-1, MafA and Nkx6.1 were highly methylated in NIH3T3 cells; (2) NIH3T3 cells showed a significantly higher level of DNA methylation modification in the transcription-initiation-site of Pdx-1, Pax4, MafA and Nkx6.1 genes than that in mES cells and NIT-1 cells (P<0.05); (3) NIT-1 cells had a significantly higher level of H3K4m3 modification in the transcription-initiation-site of Pdx-1, Pax4, MafA and Nkx6.1 genes than that in mES cells and NIH3T3 cells (P<0.05), with significantly increased level of gene expression; (4) NIH3T3 cell had a significantly higher level of H3K9m3 modification in the transcription-initiation-site of Pdx-1, Pax4, MafA and Nkx6.1 genes than that in mES cells and with NIT-1 cell (P<0.05), with no detectable mRNA expression of these genes. It was concluded that histone modification (H3K4m3 and H3K9m3) and DNA methylation might have an intimate communication between each other in the differentiation process from embryonic stem cells into islet cells.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621918

ABSTRACT

A novel high performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the determination of 4-O- methylhonokiol in rabbit plasma and was applied to its pharmacokinetic investigation. Plasma samples were treated by one-fold volume of methanol and acetonitrile to remove the interference proteins. A reverse phase column of SHIM- PACK VP-ODS (150 mm ×4.6 mm, 5.0 μm) was used to separate 4-O-methylhonokiol in the plasma samples. The detection limit of 4-O-methylhonokiol was 0.2 μg/L and the linear range was 0. 012 - 1. 536 mg/L. The good extraction recoveries were obtained for the spiked samples (84.7%, 89.3% and 87.7% for low, middle and high concentrations of added standards, respectively). The relative standard deviation of intra-day and inter-day precisions was in the range from 0.6% to 13.5%. The pharmacokinetic study of 4-O-methylhonokiol was made and the results from the plasmaconcentration curve of 4-0-methylhonokiol showed a two-apartment open model. This work developed a sensitive, stable and rapid HPLC method for the determination of 4-O-methylhonokiol and the developed method has been successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of 4-O-methylhonokiol.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401217

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the role of epigenetic modification in Pdx-1 gene transcription and expression, and to compare the differences between epigenetic modifications of Pdx-1 gene promoter in various cell types of mice. METHODS: The promoter DNA methylation and histone modification status of Pdx-1 and MLH1 genes in NIT-1 cells, NIH3T3 cells and mouse embryonic stem cells were measured by chromatin immunoprecipitation-real time PCR method. The expression levels of these genes in the three cell lines were measured by real time RT-PCR. The relation between epigenetic modifications and gene expression was analyzed. RESULTS: (1) Compared to mES cells, there was lower DNA methylation and higher H3K4m3 modification levels in the promoter of Pdx-1 gene in NIT-1 cells (P<0.05). DNA methylation, H3 acetylation, H3K4m3 and H3K9m3 modification levels in the promoter of Pdx-1 gene in NIH3T3 cells were distinctly increased (P<0.05). (2) Pdx-1 gene transcription expressed only in NIT-1 cells. The Spearman's rho between Pdx-1 gene expression and DNA methylation (r=-0.802,P<0.01) was observed. The Pearson correlation between Pdx-1 gene expression and H3K4m3 modification (r=0.997,P<0.01) was also found. The Spearman's rho between Pdx-1 gene expression and H3K9m3 modification (r=-0.879,P<0.01) was observed. (3) No correlation between housekeeper MLH1 gene expression and epigenetic modification was found. CONCLUSION: DNA methylation, H3K4m3 and H3K9m3 modification coordinated participate to regulate and control the expression of Pdx-1 gene. It is of great significance to the differentiation of β cells from ES cells.

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