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1.
Clinics ; 76: e2732, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278936

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Coronary artery disease is the primary cause of death and is responsible for a high number of hospitalizations worldwide. Ventricular remodeling is associated with worse prognosis following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and is a risk factor for ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. This study aimed to identify the predictors of ventricular remodeling following STEMI. Additionally, we evaluated the clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic characteristics of patients with anterior wall STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous intervention in the acute phase and at 6 months after the infarction. METHODS: This prospective, observational, and longitudinal study included 50 patients with anterior wall STEMI who were admitted to the coronary care unit (CCU) of a tertiary hospital in Brazil between July 2017 and August 2018. During the CCU stay, patients were evaluated daily and underwent echocardiogram within the first three days following STEMI. After six months, the patients underwent clinical evaluation and echocardiogram according to the local protocol. RESULTS: Differences were noted between those who developed ventricular remodeling and those who did not in the mean±standard deviation levels of creatine phosphokinase MB isoenzyme (CKMB) peak (no remodeling group: 323.7±228.2 U/L; remodeling group: 522.4±201.6 U/L; p=0.008) and the median and interquartile range of E/E' ratio (no remodeling group: 9.20 [8.50-11.25] and remodeling group: 12.60 [10.74-14.40]; p=0.004). This difference was also observed in multivariate logistic regression. CONCLUSIONS: Diastolic dysfunction and CKMB peak in the acute phase of STEMI can be predictors of ventricular remodeling following STEMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , Echocardiography , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Remodeling
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1515-1520, Nov. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143627

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD 4) concentration and PADI4 polymorphisms as predictors of acute kidney injury (AKI) development, the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT), and mortality in patients with septic shock. METHODS: We included all individuals aged ≥ 18 years, with a diagnosis of septic shock at ICU admission. Blood samples were taken within the first 24 hours of the patient's admission to determine serum PAD4 concentration and its PADI4 polymorphism (rs11203367) and (rs874881). Patients were monitored during their ICU stay and the development of SAKI was evaluated. Among the patients in whom SAKI developed, mortality and the need for RRT were also evaluated. RESULTS: There were 99 patients, 51.5% of whom developed SAKI and of these, 21.5% needed RRT and 80% died in the ICU. There was no difference between PAD4 concentration (p = 0.116) and its polymorphisms rs11203367 (p = 0.910) and rs874881 (p = 0.769) in patients in whom SAKI did or did not develop. However, PAD4 had a positive correlation with plasma urea concentration (r = 0.269 and p = 0.007) and creatinine (r = 0.284 and p = 0.004). The PAD4 concentration and PADI4 polymorphisms were also not associated with RRT and with mortality in patients with SAKI. CONCLUSION: PAD4 concentration and its polymorphisms were not associated with SAKI development, the need for RRT, or mortality in patients with septic shock. However, PAD4 concentrations were associated with creatinine and urea levels in these patients.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar a concentração da peptidilarginina deiminase 4 (PAD4) e os polimorfismos de PADI4, como preditores de desenvolvimento de lesão renal aguda, necessidade de terapia renal substitutiva (TRS) e mortalidade em pacientes com choque séptico. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos indivíduos com idade ≥18 anos, com diagnóstico de choque séptico na admissão na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Amostras de sangue foram coletadas nas primeiras 24 horas após a admissão do paciente para determinar a concentração sérica de PAD4 e seus polimorfismos PADI4 (rs11203367) e (rs874881). Os pacientes foram acompanhados durante a internação na UTI e tiveram avaliados desenvolvimento da lesão renal aguda séptica (Sepsis-induced acute kidney injury - Saki), necessidade TRS e mortalidade. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 99 pacientes; 51,5% desenvolveram Saki e, desses, 21,5% necessitaram de TRS e 80% morreram na UTI. Não houve diferença entre a concentração de PAD4 (p=0,116) e seus polimorfismos rs11203367 (p=0,910) e rs874881 (p=0,769) entre os pacientes. No entanto, o PAD4 apresentou correlação positiva com a concentração plasmática de ureia (r=0,269; p=0,007) e creatinina (r=0,284; p=0,004). A concentração de PAD4 e os polimorfismos da PADI4 também não foram associados à TRS e à mortalidade em pacientes com Saki. CONCLUSÕES: A concentração de PAD4 e seus polimorfismos não foram associados ao desenvolvimento de Saki, à necessidade de TRS ou à mortalidade em pacientes com choque séptico. No entanto, as concentrações de PAD4 foram associadas às concentrações de creatinina e ureia nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sepsis , Acute Kidney Injury/genetics , Renal Replacement Therapy , Protein-Arginine Deiminases/genetics , Intensive Care Units
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(1): 78-86, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055096

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaí) is a fruit with high antioxidant capacity and could be an adjuvant strategy to attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury. Objective: To evaluate the influence of açaí in global ischemia-reperfusion model in rats. Methods: Wistar rats were assigned to 2 groups: Control (C: receiving standard chow; n = 9) and Açaí (A: receiving standard chow supplemented with 5% açaí; n = 10). After six weeks, the animals were subjected to the global ischemia-reperfusion protocol and an isolated heart study to evaluate left ventricular function. Level of significance adopted: 5%. Results: There was no difference between the groups in initial body weight, final body weight and daily feed intake. Group A presented lower lipid hydroperoxide myocardial concentration and higher catalase activity, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase than group C. We also observed increased myocardial activity of b-hydroxyacyl coenzyme-A dehydrogenase, pyruvate dehydrogenase, citrate synthase, complex I, complex II and ATP synthase in the A group as well as lower activity of the lactate dehydrogenase and phosphofructokinase enzymes. The systolic function was similar between the groups, and the A group presented poorer diastolic function than the C group. We did not observe any difference between the groups in relation to myocardial infarction area, total and phosphorylated NF-kB, total and acetylated FOXO1, SIRT1 and Nrf-2 protein expression. Conclusion: despite improving energy metabolism and attenuating oxidative stress, açai supplementation did not decrease the infarcted area or improve left ventricular function in the global ischemia-reperfusion model.


Resumo Fundamento: Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaí) é uma fruta com alta capacidade antioxidante e pode ser uma estratégia adjuvante para atenuar a lesão de isquemia-reperfusão. Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do açaí no modelo global de isquemia-reperfusão em ratos. Metodologia: Ratos Wistar foram divididos em 2 grupos: Controle (C: recebendo ração padrão; n = 9) e Açaí (A: recebendo ração padrão suplementada com 5% de açaí; n = 10). Após seis semanas, os animais foram submetidos ao protocolo global de isquemia-reperfusão e a estudo do coração isolado para avaliar a função ventricular esquerda. Nível de significância adotado: 5%. Resultados: Não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto ao peso corporal inicial e final, e a ingestão diária de ração. O grupo A apresentou menor concentração miocárdica de hidroperóxido lipídico e maior atividade de catalase, superóxido dismutase e glutationa peroxidase do que o grupo C. Também observamos aumento da atividade miocárdica da b-hidroxiacil coenzima-A desidrogenase, piruvato desidrogenase, citrato sintase, complexo I, complexo II e ATP sintase no grupo A, bem como menor atividade das enzimas lactato desidrogenase e fosfofructoquinase. A função sistólica foi semelhante entre os grupos, e o grupo A apresentou função diastólica pior que C. Não foram observadas diferenças entre os grupos em relação à área de infarto do miocárdio, e expressão proteica de NF-kB total e fosforilado, e das proteínas FOXO1, SIRT1 e Nrf-2. Conclusão: apesar de melhorar o metabolismo energético e atenuar o estresse oxidativo, a suplementação de açaí não diminuiu a área infartada nem melhorou a função ventricular esquerda no modelo global de isquemia-reperfusão.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/physiopathology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Energy Metabolism/drug effects , Euterpe/chemistry , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Energy Metabolism/physiology
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(8): 1074-1079, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041061

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Framingham risk score (FRS) and risk score by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (SR ACC/AHA) in predicting mortality of patients ten years after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS This is a retrospective cohort study that included patients aged ≥ 18 years with ACS who were hospitalized at the Coronary Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the Botucatu Medical School Hospital from January 2005 to December of 2006. RESULTS A total of 447 patients were evaluated. Of these, 118 were excluded because the mortality in 10 years was not obtained. Thus, 329 patients aged 62.9 ± 13.0 years were studied. Among them, 58.4% were men, and 44.4% died within ten years of hospitalization. The median FRS was 16 (14-18) %, and the ACC/AHA RS was 18.5 (9.1-31.6). Patients who died had higher values of both scores. However, when we classified patients at high cardiovascular risk, only the ACC/AHA RS was associated with mortality (p <0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, both scores were associated with mortality at ten years (p <0.001). CONCLUSIONS Both FRS and SR ACC/AHA were associated with mortality. However, for patients classified as high risk, only the ACC/AHA RS was associated with mortality within ten years.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a performance do escore de risco de Framingham (ERF) e do escore proposto pela American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ER ACC/AHA) em predizer a mortalidade em pacientes dez anos após síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA). MÉTODOS Trata-se de um estudo de coorte retrospectivo que incluiu pacientes com idade ≥18 anos, com SCA, que estiveram internados na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Coronariana (UTI) do Hospital das Clínicas de Botucatu, no período de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2006. RESULTADOS Foram avaliados 447 pacientes. Destes, 118 foram excluídos, pois a mortalidade em dez anos não foi obtida. Logo, 329 pacientes com idade de 62,9±13,0 anos foram estudados. Dentre eles, 58,4% eram homens e 44,4% morreram no período de dez anos após a internação. A mediana do ERF foi de 16 (14-18)%, e do ER ACC/AHA foi 18,5 (9,1-31,6)%. Os pacientes que evoluíram a óbito apresentaram maiores valores dos escores. No entanto, quando classificamos os pacientes em alto risco cardiovascular, apenas o ER ACC/AHA foi associado com a mortalidade (p<0,001). Na análise de regressão logística, ambos os escores foram associados com a mortalidade em dez anos (p<0,001). CONCLUSÕES Tanto o ERF quanto o ER ACC/AHA foram associados com a mortalidade. No entanto, para os pacientes classificados como alto risco, apenas o ER ACC/AHA foi associado com a mortalidade em dez anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Risk Assessment/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Middle Aged
5.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(5): 315-320, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011335

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) is an important group of cryptogenic strokes that are in evidence due recent ongoing trials. We reviewed medical records at discharge from the stroke unit of all patients who met ESUS criteria and attended our institution between February 2016 and July 2017. Among 550 stroke patients, 51 had ESUS. We found that hypertension (60%), diabetes mellitus (34%), and smoking (36%) were the most prevalent risk factors. The mean National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores were 7 at admission and 4 at discharge, while median scores on the modified Rankin scale were 0 and 2 at admission and discharge, respectively. Our sample had similar ages, risk factors prevalence and NIHSS scores at admission and discharge when compared with European and North American cohorts. Although a small cohort, our study suggests that the ESUS population is similar in countries with different health financing.


RESUMO Acidentes vasculares cerebrais (AVC) embólicos de fonte indeterminada (ESUS) é um grupo importante de pacientes com AVC criptogênico que estão em evidência devido a recentes ensaios clínicos. Foram revisados os prontuários médicos na alta da unidade de AVC de todos os pacientes que preencheram os critérios para ESUS atendidos em nossa instituição entre fevereiro de 2016 e julho de 2017. Entre 550 AVCs, 51 eram pacientes com ESUS. Hipertensão (60%), diabetes mellitus (34%) e tabagismo (36%) foram os fatores de risco mais prevalentes. Os escores médios do National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) foram 7 na admissão e 4 na alta, enquanto os escores médios na escala de Rankin modificada (mRs) foram 0 e 2 na admissão e alta, respectivamente. Nossa amostra teve idade, prevalência de fatores de risco, escores NIHSS na admissão e alta, quando comparados com coortes europeias e norte-americanas semelhantes. Apesar de ser uma pequena coorte, nosso estudo sugere que a população ESUS é semelhante em países com diferentes níveis de financiamento em saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stroke/epidemiology , Intracranial Embolism/epidemiology , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Registries , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
8.
Nutrire Rev. Soc. Bras. Aliment. Nutr ; 42: 1-6, Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-881547

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between phase angle (PhA), sarcopenia, and the length of stay (LOS) in the coronary intensive care unit (ICU) in patients with non-ST acute coronary syndrome(NSTE-ACS).Methods: This was a prospective observational study that evaluated 80 patients with NSTE-ACS over the age of18 years, admitted to the ICU from January to June 2014. Upon admission, the patients'demographic information was recorded. Handgrip strength and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) were performed, and blood samples were taken within the first 72 h of admission. All of the patients were followed during their ICU stays. Results: We evaluated 80 patients, five were excluded due to impossibility of assessing handgrip strength, and seven patients were not subjected to BIA. Thus, 68 patients with a mean age of 63.3 ± 13.1 years were included in the analysis. Among these patients, 60.1% were male, 27.9% of the patients had sarcopenia, 8.8% had LOSs≥8 days, and median phase angle was 6.5 (6.1­7.3)°. Multiple logistic regression adjusted for age and gender revealed tha PhA was not associated with the presence of sarcopenia. Additionally, PhA (OR 0.337; CI 95% 0.118­0.961;p= 0.04)but not sarcopenia (OR 0.517; CI 95% 0.055­4.879;p= 0.56) was associated with an increased LOS. Conclusions: PhA is associated with LOS in patients with NSTE-ACS. Additionally, there was no association between PhA and sarcopenia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/physiopathology , Body Composition/physiology , Sarcopenia/complications , Vitamin D/blood
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(3): 242-247, Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956438

ABSTRACT

Summary Introduction: The mortality rate attributed to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has decreased in the world. However, this disease is still responsible for high costs for health systems. Several factors could decrease mortality in these patients, including implementation of cardiac intensive care units (CICU). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CICU implementation on prescribed recommended treatments and mortality 30 days after STEMI. Method: We performed a retrospective study with patients admitted to CICU between 2005 and 2006 (after group) and between 2000 and 2002, before CICU implementation (before group). Results: The after group had 101 patients, while the before group had 143 patients. There were no differences in general characteristics between groups. We observed an increase in angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, clopidogrel and statin prescriptions after CICU implementation. We did not find differences regarding number of patients submitted to reperfusion therapy; however, there was an increase in primary percutaneous angioplasty compared with thrombolytic therapy in the after group. There was no difference in 30-day mortality (before: 10.5%; after: 8.9%; p=0.850), but prescription of recommended treatments was high in both groups. Prescription of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and beta-blocker decreased mortality risk by 4.4 and 4.9 times, respectively. Conclusion: CICU implementation did not reduce mortality after 30 days in patients with STEMI; however, it increased the prescription of standard treatment for these patients.


Resumo Introdução: Apesar da diminuição da mortalidade por infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAM-ST) no mundo, a doença ainda acarreta elevados custos e morbidade. Muitas medidas contribuem para a redução da mortalidade, dentre elas a criação de unidades intensivas coronarianas (UCO). Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da criação de uma UCO na prescrição de tratamentos preconizados e na mortalidade em 30 dias em pacientes com IAM-ST. Método: Foi realizado estudo retrospectivo e foram coletados dados de prontuários de pacientes internados na UCO de 2005 a 2006 (grupo depois). Esses dados foram comparados com dados do serviço de 2000 a 2002, previamente à criação da UCO (grupo antes). Resultados: Havia 101 e 143 pacientes nos grupos depois e antes, respectivamente. Não houve diferenças em relação às características populacionais e às características do infarto entre os períodos. Observamos aumento na prescrição de iECA, clopidogrel e estatinas. Apesar da ausência de mudanças no número de pacientes que receberam terapia de reperfusão, houve aumento de angioplastias primárias em detrimento ao uso de trombolíticos no período posterior à criação da UCO. Não observamos diminuição da mortalidade em 30 dias após IAM-ST (antes: 10,5%; depois: 8,9%; p=0,850), mas a prescrição de tratamentos preconizados foi alta em ambos os períodos. O uso de iECA e de betabloqueador diminuiu o risco de morte em 4,4 e 4,9 vezes, respectivamente. Conclusão: Em pacientes com IAM-ST, a criação da UCO não reduziu a mortalidade em 30 dias, mas houve aumento na prescrição de tratamentos preconizados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Coronary Care Units/statistics & numerical data , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
10.
Nutrire Rev. Soc. Bras. Aliment. Nutr ; 41: 1-7, Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-880596

ABSTRACT

Background: The objective of the study is to evaluate the influence of serum vitamin D concentrations and smoking status in cardiac structure and function. Methods: The participants of this study were healthy women smokers (n = 18, mean age 52.8 years), ex-smokers ( n = 18, mean age 51.7 years), and never smokers ( n = 19, mean age 44.4 years). All participants underwent assessment of body composition, dietary intake, sun exposure frequency, vitamin D serum determination, and echocardiographic assessment. All data underwent statistical analysis. Results: The three groups were classified as overweight. The group of ex-smokers showed significantly higher vitamin D serum concentrations. Smoker group showed a higher posterior wall thickness (PW), left ventricular mass, and left ventricular mass index (LVMI). We identified positive correlations between LVMI and smoking history, PW and vitamin D serum, and body mass index and time of smoking history. Multiple linear regressions showed positive association of smoking history and LVMI and PW, also that serum vitamin D has a positive association with PW. PW was associated with smoking history and serum vitamin D, showing a deleterious effect on the heart of both variables. Conclusions: Smoking habit in adult women was associated with cardiac remodeling, and excess of vitamin Dis associated with the action of smoking on cardiac variables. Thus, higher serum vitamin D values have a deleterious effect on the heart in this model.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiomyopathies/prevention & control , Smoking/adverse effects , Vitamin D/analysis , Vitamin D/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 50(2): 153-158, Mar-Apr/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether serum vitamin D concentration is associated with gait status and mortality among patients with fractures of the proximal femur, six months after suffering the fracture. METHODS: Consecutive patients aged ≥65 years with fractures of the proximal femur, who were admitted to the orthopedics and traumatology ward of our service between January and December 2011, were prospectively evaluated. Clinical, radiological, epidemiological and laboratory analyses were performed, including vitamin D. The patients underwent surgery and were followed up as outpatients, with return visits 15, 30, 60 and 180 days after discharge, at which the outcomes of gait and mortality were evaluated. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients were evaluated. Two of them were excluded because they presented oncological fractures. Thus, 86 patients of mean age 80.2 ± 7.3 years were studied. In relation to serum vitamin D, the mean was 27.8 ± 14.5 ng/mL, and 33.7% of the patients presented deficiency of this vitamin. In relation to gait, univariate and multivariate logistic regression showed that vitamin D deficiency was not associated with gait recovery, even after adjustment for gender, age and type of fracture (OR: 1.463; 95% CI: 0.524-4.088; p = 0.469). Regarding mortality, Cox regression analysis showed that vitamin D deficiency was not related to its occurrence within six months, even in multivariate analysis (HR: 0.627; 95% CI: 0.180-2.191; p = 0.465). CONCLUSION: Serum vitamin D concentration was not related to gait status and/or mortality among patients with fractures of the proximal femur, six months after suffering the fracture. .


OBJETIVO: Avaliar se a concentração sérica de vitamina D está associada ao status de marcha e à mortalidade em pacientes com fratura de fêmur proximal seis meses após a fratura. MÉTODOS: Avaliados prospectivamente pacientes consecutivos com fratura de fêmur proximal, com idade ≥ 65 anos, internados na enfermaria de ortopedia e traumatologia do serviço, entre janeiro a dezembro de 2011. Foram feitas análises clínica, radiológica, epidemiológica e laboratorial, incluindo vitamina D. Foram submetidos à cirurgia e acompanhados ambulatorialmente em retornos 15, 30, 60 e 180 dias após a alta, quando foram avaliados os desfechos de marcha e mortalidade. RESULTADOS: Avaliados 88 pacientes. Dois foram excluídos por causa de fratura patológica. Oitenta e seis pacientes com idade média de 80,2 ± 7,3 anos foram estudados. Em relação à vitamina D sérica a média foi de 27,8 ± 14,5 ng/mL e 33,7% dos pacientes apresentavam deficiência dessa vitamina. Em relação à marcha, a análise de regressão logística uni e multivariada mostrou que a deficiência de vitamina D não esteve associada a sua recuperação, mesmo após ajuste por gênero, idade e tipo de fratura (OR 1,463; 95% IC 0,524-4,088; p = 0,469). Considerando a mortalidade, a análise de regressão de Cox mostrou que a deficiência de vitamina D também não esteve relacionada à sua ocorrência em seis meses, mesmo na análise multivariada (HR 0,627; 95% IC 0,180-2,191; p = 0,465). CONCLUSÃO: A concentração de vitamina D sérica não esteve relacionada ao status de marcha e/ou à mortalidade em paciente com fratura de fêmur proximal seis meses depois dela. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Femoral Fractures , Fractures, Stress , Gait , Mortality , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency
12.
Clinics ; 68(12): 1555-1558, dez. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-697711

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between phase angle, anthropometric measurements, and lipid profile in patients chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus. METHODS: A total of 160 consecutive patients chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus and who received treatment at the hepatitis C outpatient unit of our hospital from April 2010 to May 2011 were prospectively evaluated. Bioelectrical impedance analysis, anthropometric measurements, and serum lipid profile analysis were performed. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were excluded. A total of 135 patients with a mean age of 49.8±11.4 years were studied. Among these patients, 60% were male. The phase angle and BMI means were 6.5±0.8° and 26.5±4.8 kg/m2, respectively. Regarding anthropometric variables, mid-arm circumference, mid-arm muscle circumference, and arm muscle area had a positive correlation with phase angle. In contrast, when analyzing the lipid profile, only HDL was inversely correlated with phase angle. However, in multiple regression models adjusted for age and gender, only mid-arm circumference (p = 0.005), mid-arm muscle circumference (p = 0.003), and arm muscle circumference (p = 0.001) were associated with phase angle in hepatitis C virus-infected patients. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, phase angle is positively correlated with anthropometric measures in our study. However, there is no association between phase angle and lipid profile in these patients. Our results suggest that phase angle is related to lean body mass in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anthropometry , Hepatitis C, Chronic/physiopathology , Lipids/blood , Body Composition , Electric Impedance , Hepacivirus , Nutritional Status , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Statistics, Nonparametric
13.
Clinics ; 68(6): 772-776, jun. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676931

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of electrocardiographic and echocardiographic abnormalities in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease according to disease severity has not yet been established. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of electrocardiographic and echocardiographic abnormalities in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients according to disease severity. METHODS: The study included 25 mild/moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients and 25 severe/very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. All participants underwent clinical evaluation, spirometry and electrocardiography/echocardiography. RESULTS: Electrocardiography and echocardiography showed Q-wave alterations and segmental contractility in five (10%) patients. The most frequent echocardiographic finding was mild left diastolic dysfunction (88%), independent of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease stage. The proportion of right ventricular overload (p<0.05) and blockage of the anterosuperior division of the left bundle branch were higher in patients with greater obstruction. In an echocardiographic analysis, mild/moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients showed more abnormalities in segmental contractility (p<0.05), whereas severe/very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients showed a higher prevalence of right ventricular overload (p<0.05), increased right cardiac chamber (p<0.05) and higher values of E-wave deceleration time (p<0.05). Age, sex, systemic arterial hypertension, C-reactive protein and disease were included as independent variables in a multiple linear regression; only disease severity was predictive of the E-wave deceleration time [r2 = 0.26, p = 0.01]. CONCLUSION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients have a high prevalence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, which ...


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Diastole , Echocardiography , Electrocardiography , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Reference Values , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Spirometry , Time Factors , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 11(1)jan.-mar. 2013.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-668504

ABSTRACT

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Estudos recentes têm identificado a constipação intestinal (CI) como fator prognóstico independente na evolução de pacientes críticos e mostrado que seu tratamento pode resultar em melhor prognóstico. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a incidência de CI em pacientes com nutrição enteral internados em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) e sua associação com o tempo de ventilação mecânica (VM), de internação e a mortalidade. MÉTODO: Foram incluídos prospectivamente 26 pacientes de ambos os sexos, acima de 18 anos, com uso de dieta enteral de forma exclusiva por no mínimo três dias durante a internação na UTI, de novembro de 2011 a janeiro de 2012. Foram registrados dados demográficos, diagnósticos, dias em VM, duração da terapia de nutrição enteral, hábito intestinal e desfecho clínico. RESULTADOS: A idade média dos pacientes foi 60,5 ± 18,7anos, sendo que 50% eram homens. O tempo de VM foi de 9,0± 7,3 dias e a mediana do tempo de internação na UTI foi de 13,0 (7,0-18,0) dias. Os pacientes constipados (n = 13; 50%) demoraram mais tempo para atingir a meta nutricional prescrita. Além disso, apresentaram tempo de VM duas vezes maior que os sem constipação. Em análise de regressão linear para predição de tempo de VM, a constipação foi preditora de maior tempo de VM, mesmo após ajuste por gênero e gravidade (p = 0,043). No entanto, a CI não esteve associada ao tempo de internação na UTI ou ao óbito. CONCLUSÃO: A presença de CI em pacientes críticos é preditora de maior tempo de VM. Portanto, a criação e implantação de protocolos para o seu tratamento na UTI é de fundamental importância.


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have demonstrated that intestinal constipation (IC) is an independent prognostic factor in critically ill patient's evolution. In addition, constipation treatment can result in better outcome. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the incidence of IC in intensive care unit (ICU) patients receiving enteral nutrition, and its association with duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) and length of stay, and mortality in ICU. METHOD: We prospectively evaluated 26 patients of both genders, older than 18 years, exclusively receiving enteral nutrition for at least three days who were admitted to an ICU from November/2011 to January/2012. Demographic data, diagnosis, duration of MV and enteral nutrition, bowel habits, and outcomes were registered. RESULTS: Patients' average age was 60.5 ± 18.7 years old, and 50% were male. Duration of MV was 9.0 ± 7.3 days and median length of ICU stay was 13.0 (7.0-18.0) days. Patients with constipation (n = 13, 50%) took longer time to meet nutritional requirements. In addition, duration of MV was twofold higher in IC patients compared to non-IC patients. In linear regression analysis for prediction of MV time, IC was a predictor of longer duration of MV, even after adjustment for gender and illness severity (p = 0.043). However, IC was not associated with length of stay in ICU or mortality. CONCLUSION: The presence of constipation in critically ill patients predicts longer duration of MV. Therefore, creation and implementation of clinical protocols for IC treatment is of fundamental importance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Constipation/complications , Constipation/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units , Enteral Nutrition/adverse effects , Respiration, Artificial
15.
Botucatu; s.n; 2008. 56 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-499528

ABSTRACT

O objetivo de nosso estudo foi analisar a influência da restrição alimentar de vitamina A sobre a remodelação cardíaca após o infarto agudo do miocárdio em ratos. Métodos: Foram utilizadas ratas prenhas, Wistar, previamente hígidas, submetidas durante a gestação e lactação a duas dietas: 1) dieta AIN-93 isenta de vitamina A mais 4 RE/g de dieta (dose fisiológica); 2) dieta AIN-93 isenta de vitamina A Após o nascimento dos filhotes, os machos foram separados em gaiolas individuais. Os filhotes das ratas tratadas com dieta com dose fisiológica de vitamina A continuaram recebendo 4RE/g de dieta e os filhotes das ratas tratadas com dieta isenta de vitamina A receberam 0,18 RE/g de dieta. Quando atingiram, aproximadamente 220 g, os ratos foram submetidos ao infarto experimental. Após 24 horas do procedimento os ratos foram divididos em grupo controle (Grupo C, n igual 25), que continuou recebendo dieta com dose fisiológica de vitamina A, e grupo com restrição alimentar de vitamina A (Grupo RVA, n igual 26), que continuou recebendo 0,18 RE/g de dieta. Os ratos dos grupos C e RVA foram acompanhados durante 3 meses. Após esse período, os animais foram submetidos a estudo funcional, morfométrico e bioquímica. Para análise estatística foram utilizados o teste t-Student, Mann-Whitney e o x2. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: Não foram observadas diferenças significantes entre os grupos em relação ao peso no momento do infarto e ao tamanho do infarto (C igual 36,9 mais ou menos 9,6 %; RVA igual 36,3 mais ou menos 8,9 %; p igual 0,88)...


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Rats, Wistar , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Vitamin A
16.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-455676

ABSTRACT

A desnutrição energético-protéica é muito freqüente nos pacientes atendidos em unidades de terapia intensiva, tanto pelo aporte nutricional inadequado, quanto pela resposta metabólica ao estresse, levando ao hipermetabolismo e hipercatabolismo. As complicações da desnutrição retardam o processo de convalescença devido a suas repercussões em todos os órgãos e sistemas. A quantificação do gasto energético dos pacientes críticos é fundamental. O uso de fórmulas, para essa determinação, superestima, na maioria das vezes, o gasto energético de repouso, principalmente devido a problemas na determinação do peso corporal e à redução de componentes do gasto energético total, como repouso, sedação e ventilação mecânica. O método de eleição, nessa quantificação, é a calorimetria indireta. Além da quantificação do gasto energético, são comentadas a quantidade e a concentração dos macronutrientes e a inclusão, na terapêutica, de imunomoduladores como arginina, glutamina e ácidos graxos ômega-3. A imunonutrição, apesar do possível benefício teórico, ainda não é recomendada de rotina nas unidades de terapia intensiva


Subject(s)
Protein-Energy Malnutrition , Nutrients , Nutritional Requirements , Calorimetry , Intensive Care Units , Nutrition Therapy
18.
Rev. nutr ; 18(4): 553-559, jul.-ago. 2005. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-415353

ABSTRACT

A gastrostomia percutânea endoscópica foi introduzida na prática clínica como via alternativa de alimentação enteral. É procedimento que não necessita de anestesia ou laparotomia, como a gastrostomia cirúrgica. A gastrostomia percutânea endoscópica tem como objetivos a manutenção do aporte nutricional e a melhoria da qualidade de vida e sobrevida dos pacientes. É indicada quando o paciente necessita de dieta enteral por período superior a um mês. A freqüência de complicações varia de 1,0 por cento a 10,0 por cento e a mortalidade de 0,3 por cento a 1,0 por cento. É propósito deste trabalho abordar aspectos relevantes desse método de alimentação enteral, aprimorar seu manejo, bem como facilitar o manejo pelos pacientes que dele se utilizam. Para isso, vamos comentar as indicações e contra-indicações da gastrostomia percutânea endoscópica, técnica de colocação, material das sondas, antibiótico profilático, início de utilização, custo do procedimento, além de suas complicações, aspectos legais e éticos.


Subject(s)
Gastrostomy , Enteral Nutrition/methods
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