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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 246-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression level of flap endonuclease 1 (FEN1) in bone marrow mononuclear cells of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its relationship with clinicopathologic features and therapeutic effect, so as to provide a new direction for disease monitoring and targeted therapy in AML patients.Methods:The data of 57 newly treated AML patients and 26 healthy individuals (the healthy control) from the First Clinical College of Guangdong Medical University and Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from November 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Bone marrow samples of all subjects were collected. Quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect FEN1 mRNA expression in bone marrow mononuclear cells of all subjects. Bone marrow samples from 9 newly-diagnosed AML patients and 4 healthy controls were collected, and FEN1 protein expression level was detected by using Western blotting. Differences in FEN1 mRNA expression in AML patients achieving different therapeutic effects were compared among AML patients whose data with evaluable efficacy. AML patients were divided into high FEN1 expression group (≥ critical value) and low FEN1 expression group (< critical value), taking the median relative expression level of FEN1 mRNA as the critical value. The correlation of FEN1 expression level with clinicopathologic features, laboratory indicators, cellular and molecular genetic changes in AML patients at initial diagnosis was analyzed.Results:The median relative expression of FEN1 mRNA in newly treated AML patients was higher than that in healthy controls [0.696 (0.025-3.661) vs. 0.246 (0.013-1.237), Z = 1.75, P = 0.041]. Western blotting showed that the expression level of FEN1 protein in AML patients was higher than that in healthy controls. The relative expression of FEN1 mRNA in 15 recurrent AML patients was higher than that in 19 patients patients achieving complete remission (CR) [1.153 (0.047-4.172) vs. 0.259 (0.023-1.148), Z = 2.71, P = 0.009]. The proportion of patients with French-American-British(FAB) type M 5, fever at initial diagnosis and lymph node enlargement in FEN1 high expression group (32 cases) was higher than that in FEN1 low expression group (25 cases) (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the proportion of gender, age, fatigue, pale skin mucosa and large liver and spleen of patients between the two groups (all P > 0.05). At initial diagnosis, the white blood cell count, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein and bone marrow primitive cell proportion in FEN1 high expression group were higher than those in FEN1 low expression group (all P < 0.05), and the hemoglobin and platelet count in FEN1 high expression group were lower than those in FEN1 low expression group (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in procalcitonin level, the proportion of chromosome karyotype, cytogenetic prognosis grade and patients with or without gene mutation between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions:FEN1 expression is up-regulated in AML patients and further increased in relapsed patients. FEN1 expression in AML patients is associated with adverse clinicopathological features and poor detection results of laboratory indicators, which may become indicators for disease monitoring in AML patients.

2.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 203-209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988972

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression level of small nucleolar RNA SNORD15A in bone marrow of patients with acute leukemia (AL) and its relationship with clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients.Methods:Bone marrow blood samples of 53 newly treated AL patients and 29 healthy subjects without clinical diagnosis of hematologic diseases or other malignant diseases (control group) at the Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University from March 2018 to December 2021 were collected. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the relative expression of SNORD15A in bone marrow blood mononuclear cells of the two groups. The median relative expression of SNORD15A (0.148) was used as the boundary, and AL patients were divided into low expression group (<0.148) and high expression group (≥0.148). The relationship between the expression level of SNORD15A and the clinical characteristics, clinical indicators and overall survival (OS) of AL patients was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis and log-rank test was performed; Cox proportional hazards model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses of OS of patients.Results:The relative expression of SNORD15A was 0.148 (0.012-1.376) in newly treated AL patients and 0.921 (0.513-2.288) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z = -6.85, P < 0.01). The differences in SNORD15A relative expression between patients with different prognostic stratification, efficacy and with or without fever and bleeding were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The differences in platelet count, plateletcrit and albumin levels between SNORD15A low expression group and high expression group were statistically significant (all P < 0.05), and the differences in molecular biology and cytogenetic characteristics were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05). The patients in SNORD15A high expression group had better OS than the low expression group ( P < 0.05). The results of univariate Cox regression analysis showed that SNORD15A was an influencing factor for patients' OS ( HR = 0.063, 95% CI 0.005-0.766, P < 0.05); the results of multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that fatigue ( HR = 4.754, 95% CI 1.014-22.290), fever ( HR = 0.147, 95% CI 0.029-0.746) and hemoglobin ( HR = 0.970, 95% CI 0.944 -0.998) were independent influencing factors for OS (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:SNORD15A is lowly expressed in AL and may be an indicator for disease monitoring and prognostic assessment in AL patients.

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