Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
1.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1266-1278, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902428

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We aimed to compare the aortic valve area (AVA) calculated using fast high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) image acquisition with that of the conventional two-dimensional (2D) cine MR technique. @*Materials and Methods@#We included 139 consecutive patients (mean age ± standard deviation [SD], 68.5 ± 9.4 years) with aortic valvular stenosis (AS) and 21 asymptomatic controls (52.3 ± 14.2 years). High-resolution T2-prepared 3D steady-state free precession (SSFP) images (2.0 mm slice thickness, 10 contiguous slices) for 3D planimetry (3DP) were acquired with a single breath hold during mid-systole. 2D SSFP cine MR images (6.0 mm slice thickness) for 2D planimetry (2DP) were also obtained at three aortic valve levels. The calculations for the effective AVA based on the MR images were compared with the transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) measurements using the continuity equation. @*Results@#The mean AVA ± SD derived by 3DP, 2DP, and TTE in the AS group were 0.81 ± 0.26 cm2 , 0.82 ± 0.34 cm2 , and 0.80 ± 0.26 cm2 , respectively (p = 0.366). The intra-observer agreement was higher for 3DP than 2DP in one observer: intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.94–0.97) and 0.87 (95% CI, 0.82–0.91), respectively, for observer 1 and 0.97 (95% CI, 0.96–0.98) and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.97–0.99), respectively, for observer 2. Inter-observer agreement was similar between 3DP and 2DP, with the ICC of 0.92 (95% CI, 0.89–0.94) and 0.91 (95% CI, 0.88–0.93), respectively. 3DP-derived AVA showed a slightly higher agreement with AVA measured by TTE than the 2DP-derived AVA, with the ICC of 0.87 (95% CI, 0.82–0.91) vs. 0.85 (95% CI, 0.79–0.89). @*Conclusion@#High-resolution 3D MR image acquisition, with single-breath-hold SSFP sequences, gave AVA measurement with low observer variability that correlated highly with those obtained by TTE.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1266-1278, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894724

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We aimed to compare the aortic valve area (AVA) calculated using fast high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) image acquisition with that of the conventional two-dimensional (2D) cine MR technique. @*Materials and Methods@#We included 139 consecutive patients (mean age ± standard deviation [SD], 68.5 ± 9.4 years) with aortic valvular stenosis (AS) and 21 asymptomatic controls (52.3 ± 14.2 years). High-resolution T2-prepared 3D steady-state free precession (SSFP) images (2.0 mm slice thickness, 10 contiguous slices) for 3D planimetry (3DP) were acquired with a single breath hold during mid-systole. 2D SSFP cine MR images (6.0 mm slice thickness) for 2D planimetry (2DP) were also obtained at three aortic valve levels. The calculations for the effective AVA based on the MR images were compared with the transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) measurements using the continuity equation. @*Results@#The mean AVA ± SD derived by 3DP, 2DP, and TTE in the AS group were 0.81 ± 0.26 cm2 , 0.82 ± 0.34 cm2 , and 0.80 ± 0.26 cm2 , respectively (p = 0.366). The intra-observer agreement was higher for 3DP than 2DP in one observer: intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.94–0.97) and 0.87 (95% CI, 0.82–0.91), respectively, for observer 1 and 0.97 (95% CI, 0.96–0.98) and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.97–0.99), respectively, for observer 2. Inter-observer agreement was similar between 3DP and 2DP, with the ICC of 0.92 (95% CI, 0.89–0.94) and 0.91 (95% CI, 0.88–0.93), respectively. 3DP-derived AVA showed a slightly higher agreement with AVA measured by TTE than the 2DP-derived AVA, with the ICC of 0.87 (95% CI, 0.82–0.91) vs. 0.85 (95% CI, 0.79–0.89). @*Conclusion@#High-resolution 3D MR image acquisition, with single-breath-hold SSFP sequences, gave AVA measurement with low observer variability that correlated highly with those obtained by TTE.

3.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e274-2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149845

ABSTRACT

Recently, a bio-electrochemical technique known as CLARITY was reported for three-dimensional phenotype mapping within transparent tissues, allowing clearer whole-body and organ visualization with CB-perfusion (CUBIC) and leading to the development of whole-body clearing and transparency of intact tissues with the PACT (passive clarity technique) and PARS (perfusion-assisted agent release in situ) methodologies. We evaluated the structure–function relationships in circuits of the whole central nervous system (CNS) and various internal organs using improved methods with optimized passive clarity. Thus, in the present study, we aimed to improve the original PACT procedure and passive clearing protocols for different intact rodent tissues. We determined the optimal conditions for the passive clarity method that allowed the production of a transparent whole CNS by clearing the brain and spinal cord, as well as various organs. We also improved the tissue transparency using mPACT (modified PACT), a method for direct passive clearing, and whole perfusion-based PARS-mPACT, a method for fusion clearing, and we identified the appropriate experimental conditions. These optimized methods can be used for easy and economical high-resolution mapping and phenotyping of normal and pathological elements within intact tissues.


Subject(s)
Brain , Central Nervous System , Methods , Phenotype , Rodentia , Spinal Cord
5.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 378-381, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741070

ABSTRACT

Mycobacterium marinum is an uncommon cause of skin and soft-tissue infection. The diagnosis of M. marinum infection is often delayed when only a conventional tissue culture method is used. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis using the novel region of the rpoB gene is now available for the rapid identification of Mycobacteria. We report a case of hand infection caused by M. marinum that was identified by PCR-RFLP analysis. The PCR-RFLP assay is a specific and rapid method for the identification of Mycobacteria that facilitates the early diagnosis of non-tuberculous Mycobacterium infection.


Subject(s)
Early Diagnosis , Hand , Mycobacterium , Mycobacterium Infections , Mycobacterium marinum , Skin , Tenosynovitis
6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 571-577, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190363

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Hereditary thrombophilia (HT) is a major risk factor for idiopathic pulmonary embolism (iPE) and shows different prevalence among ethnic groups. The prevalence and clinical characteristics of HT in Korean patients with iPE were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with PE on computed tomography (CT) scan were recruited, and those with malignancy were excluded. Patients were divided into iPE and provoked PE (pPE) groups. The presence of HT in the iPE group was assessed by DNA sequencing of the corresponding gene in patients who had low levels of natural anticoagulants. The clinical characteristics of iPE with HT (iPE/HT+) were compared with those of iPE without HT (iPE/HT-) and pPE. RESULTS: Out of 161 patients, 84 patients had iPE and 77 patients had pPE. Among 54 patients in the iPE group whose coagulation profiles were tested, 28 patients were diagnosed with HT (51.9%; 28/54). Compared with the iPE/HT- and pPE groups, the iPE/HT+ group showed the highest proportion of male patients (71.4%; p<0.001); the youngest mean age (44+/-14 years; p<0.001); and the highest frequencies for history of venous thromboembolism (64.3%; p<0.001), concurrent deep vein thrombosis (75.0%; p=0.021), and adverse clinical outcomes (42.9%, p<0.001). Protein C deficiency was the most common HT. On molecular genetic tests, causative mutation was identified in 13 patients. CONCLUSION: In this study of Korean patients, about half of the patients with iPE had HT. Patients with iPE and HT were mostly young males with deep venous thrombosis (DVT), previous venous thromboembolism (VTE), and frequent adverse clinical outcomes. Therefore, Korean patients with iPE should be tested for HT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Korea , Mutation , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnosis , Thrombophilia/diagnosis
7.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 378-381, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148194

ABSTRACT

Mycobacterium marinum is an uncommon cause of skin and soft-tissue infection. The diagnosis of M. marinum infection is often delayed when only a conventional tissue culture method is used. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis using the novel region of the rpoB gene is now available for the rapid identification of Mycobacteria. We report a case of hand infection caused by M. marinum that was identified by PCR-RFLP analysis. The PCR-RFLP assay is a specific and rapid method for the identification of Mycobacteria that facilitates the early diagnosis of non-tuberculous Mycobacterium infection.


Subject(s)
Early Diagnosis , Hand , Mycobacterium , Mycobacterium Infections , Mycobacterium marinum , Skin , Tenosynovitis
8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 204-207, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170713

ABSTRACT

Endocardial fibroelastosis (EFE) is characterized by deposition of collagen and elastin leading to ventricular hypertrophy and diffuse endocardial thickening. Here we report (for the first time in Korea) the case of a EFE presenting with heart failure. The patient was a 57-year-old woman who had complained of dyspnea on exertion {New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class 3} and abdominal distension at the time of hospital admission. Echocardiography showed severe diastolic dysfunction with normal systolic function. On MRI, the contrast-enhanced delayed myocardial image demonstrated hyperenhancement in the endocardium. Owing to progressive heart failure, the patient was transplanted. Histological examination of the explanted heart showed irregularly thickened endocardium with fibrosis and elastosis in the both ventricles, compatible with the diagnosis of EFE.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Cardiomyopathy, Restrictive , Collagen , Dyspnea , Echocardiography , Elastin , Endocardial Fibroelastosis , Endocardium , Fibrosis , Heart , Heart Failure , Heart Transplantation , Hypertrophy , Transplants
9.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 691-696, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108498

ABSTRACT

Presented is a case study of a 39-year-old man with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and an underlying antithrombin III (AT III) deficiency. The subject presented with severe dyspnea (NYHA functional class III). A diagnostic workup led to a diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism and severe pulmonary hypertension with right ventricular failure. Genetic analysis revealed a novel nonsense mutation (c.243G>A) in SERPINC1. Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy was performed following the insertion of an inferior vena cava filter. After one year, the subject remained in NYHA functional class I and exhibited normal right ventricular function. This is the first report of a genetically confirmed AT III deficiency complicated by CTEPH in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Antithrombin III , Antithrombin III Deficiency , Codon, Nonsense , Dyspnea , Endarterectomy , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Korea , Pulmonary Embolism , Vena Cava Filters , Ventricular Function, Right
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL