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1.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(11): 1356-1360, nov. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985711

ABSTRACT

Giant cell arteritis is the most common vasculitis in patients aged over 50 years. We report an 89-year-old woman with significant weight loss and persistent frontal-occipital headaches lasting two months. The neurological examination at admission identified a decrease in visual acuity of the left eye, paralysis of the third cranial nerve of the right eye and alterations of body motility without objective signs of damage of the motor or sensitive pathways. Magnetic resonance imaging showed changes of the temporal artery wall and in both vertebral arteries, as well as bilateral cerebellar and occipital ischemic lesions. The Doppler ultrasound of the temporal arteries was compatible with Giant cell arteritis. Treatment with steroids was started. While receiving oral prednisone, the patient suffered new infarcts of the posterior territory, documented with a CAT scan.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Giant Cell Arteritis/diagnostic imaging , Basilar Artery/diagnostic imaging , Vertebral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Oculomotor Nerve Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Oculomotor Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Temporal Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Giant Cell Arteritis/etiology , Giant Cell Arteritis/pathology , Basilar Artery/pathology , Vertebral Artery/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Oculomotor Nerve Diseases/etiology , Oculomotor Nerve Diseases/pathology , Brain Ischemia/etiology , Brain Ischemia/pathology , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Oculomotor Nerve/pathology
2.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(2): 167-173, jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961610

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El síndrome de Susac (SS) es una enfermedad autoinmune microangiopática poco frecuente, caracterizada por la tríada clínica: encefalopatía, alteraciones visuales e hipoacusia. Es una entidad de prevalencia desconocida dado su difícil diagnóstico debido a que la mayoría de las veces no se presenta con la tríada clínica clásica, y, dado que presenta múltiples diagnósticos diferenciales. Se reporta un caso de SS presentado en el Hospital del Salvador, con descripción de sus manifestaciones clínicas, estudio y manejo inicial. Además de una revisión en la literatura sobre la variabilidad de los hallazgos clínicos y el manejo de esta patología.


ABSTRACT Susac syndrome (SS) is a rare autoimmune micronagiopathic disease, characterized by the clinical triad of, encephalopathy, visual impairment and hearing loss. It is a difficult entity to diagnose since most of the time it does not present itself with the classical clinical triad, and it may be confused with other differential diagnoses. One clinical case of a patient with SS is described, its clinical manifestations, diagnosis and initial treatment. In addition, a literature review about the multiple clinical findings and management of these disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Brain Diseases , Susac Syndrome/complications , Susac Syndrome/diagnosis , Audiometry , Brain Diseases/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Hearing Loss/etiology
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