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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 413-421, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927172

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Platelet function test (PFT) results and genotype hold unique prognostic implications in East Asian patients. The aim of the PTRG-DES (Platelet function and genoType-Related long-term proGnosis in Drug-Eluting Stent-treated Patients with coronary artery disease) consortium is to assess the clinical impact thereof on long-term clinical outcomes in Korean patients with coronary artery disease during dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) including clopidogrel. @*Materials and Methods@#Searching publications on the PubMed, we reviewed clopidogrel treatment studies with PFT and/or genotype data for potential inclusion in this study. Lead investigators were invited to share PFT/genotype results, patient characteristics, and clinical outcomes to evaluate relationships among them. @*Results@#Nine registries from 32 academic centers participated in the PTRG-DES consortium, contributing individual patient data from 13160 patients who underwent DES implantation between July 2003 and August 2018. The PTRG-PFT cohort was composed of 11714 patients with available VerifyNow assay results. Platelet reactivity levels reached 218±79 P2Y12 reaction units (PRU), and high on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity based on a consensus-recommended cutoff (PRU >208) was observed in 55.9%. The PTRGGenotype cohort consisted of 8163 patients with candidate genotypes related with clopidogrel responsiveness. Of those with cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 genotype, frequencies of carrying one and two loss-of-function allele (s) (*2 or *3) were 47.9% (intermediate metabolizers) and 14.2% (poor metabolizers), respectively. @*Conclusion@#The PTRG-DES consortium highlights unique values for on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity and CYP2C19 phenotype that may be important to developing optimal antiplatelet regimens in East Asian patients.

2.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 444-454, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926522

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The aim of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of treatment with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in a large real-world population. @*Methods@#Patients treated with DCBs were included in a multicenter observational registry that enrolled patients from 18 hospitals in Korea between January 2009 and December 2017. The primary outcome was target lesion failure (TLF) defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization at 12 months. @*Results@#The study included 2,509 patients with 2,666 DCB-treated coronary artery lesions (1,688 [63.3%] with in-stent restenosis [ISR] lesions vs. 978 [36.7%] with de novo lesions).The mean age with standard deviation was 65.7±11.3 years; 65.7% of the patients were men.At 12 months, the primary outcome, TLF, occurred in 179 (6.7%), 151 (8.9%), 28 (2.9%) patients among the total, ISR, and de novo lesion populations, respectively. A history of hypertension, diabetes, acute coronary syndrome, previous coronary artery bypass graft, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, B2C lesion and ISR lesion were independent predictors of 12 months TLF in the overall study population. @*Conclusions@#This large multicenter DCB registry study revealed the favorable clinical outcome of DCB treatment in real-world practice in patient with ISR lesion as well as small de novo coronary lesion.

3.
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health ; : 351-359, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938140

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The Regional CardioCerebroVascular Center (RCCVC) project was initiated to improve clinical outcomes for patients with acute myocardial infarction or stroke in non-capital areas of Korea. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and issues identified by the Busan RCCVC project in the treatment of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). @*Methods@#Among the patients who were registered in the Korean Registry of Acute Myocardial Infarction for the RCCVC project between 2007 and 2019, those who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for STEMI at the Busan RCCVC were selected, and their medical data were compared with a historical cohort. @*Results@#In total, 1161 patients were selected for the analysis. Ten years after the implementation of the Busan RCCVC project, the median door-to-balloon time was reduced from 86 (interquartile range [IQR], 64-116) to 54 (IQR, 44-61) minutes, and the median symptom-to-balloon time was reduced from 256 (IQR, 180-407) to 189 (IQR, 118-305) minutes (p<0.001). Inversely, the false-positive PCI team activation rate increased from 0.6% to 21.4% (p<0.001). However, the 1-year cardiovascular death and major adverse cardiac event rates did not change. Even after 10 years, approximately 75% of the patients had a symptom-to-balloon time over 120 minutes, and approximately 50% of the patients underwent inter-hospital transfer for primary PCI. @*Conclusions@#A decade after the implementation of the Busan RCCVC project, although time parameters for early reperfusion therapy for STEMI improved, at the cost of an increased false-positive PCI team activation rate, survival outcomes were unchanged.

4.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 125-132, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902617

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The FOURIER trial reported that inhibition of PCSK9 with evolocumab on a background of statin therapy lowered low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels to a median of 30 mg per deciliter (0.78 mmol per liter) and reduced the risk of cardiovascular events. Here, we report data from a single center focusing on the effect of a PCSK9 inhibitor antibody on hyperlipidemia. @*Methods@#We enrolled 29 hypercholesterolemia patients who had LDL cholesterol levels ≥ 70 mg per deciliter or nonHDL cholesterol ≥ 100 mg per deciliter and were divided into two groups (placebo n = 14, evolocumab n = 15), and participated in a 72 - 96 week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with statin therapy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive evolocumab (140 mg every 2 weeks or 420 mg monthly) or matched placebo via subcutaneous injection. Lipid changes during follow-up were analyzed. @*Results@#The median LDL cholesterol level at baseline was 88 mg per deciliter, and the average LDL cholesterol level was 101.8 ± 20.0 mg per deciliter. At 4 weeks, the median LDL cholesterol level was 39 mg per deciliter, and the average LDL cholesterol level was 34.8 ± 51.8 mg per deciliter. Compared to placebo group, the LDL cholesterol levels were significantly reduced after treatment (P < 0.001), as well as total cholesterol, ApoB, and ApoB / ApoA1 levels. During follow-up, no discomfort was reported at local injection sites, and no cases of abnormal liver function were observed. @*Conclusions@#Evolocumab significantly reduced LDL cholesterol levels and was well tolerated.

5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1290-1298, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902392

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effects of vasodilators on contrast enhancement and transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG) of coronary arteries at coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed CCTA scans of patients who underwent double-acquisition CCTA; CCTA without a vasodilator, and CCTA during a intravenous (IV) infusion of nitrate. Among them, we enrolled 19 patients who had no significant atherosclerotic lesions or coronary spasms. In the control group, 28 patients were enrolled who showed normal coronary arteries on CCTA, which was acquired by a conventional method (sublingual vasodilator). We measured the TAG and Hounsfield units for each of the three major epicardial coronary arteries (reported as ‘ProxHU’) and then compared the results between the nitrate administration methods (CT without vasodilator [CT pre], CT with IV vasodilator [CTiv], and CT with sublingual vasodilator [CTsub]). @*Results@#The mean TAG showed a significant difference between the coronary arteries (right coronary artery [RCA] > left anterior descending artery [LAD] > left circumflex artery [LCX], p 0.05). The TAG of CTpre group showed steeper slope than those of vasodilator groups (CTiv and CTsub) on LAD and LCX ([LAD: CTpre = -22.1 ± 6.66, CTiv = -16.76 ± 5.78, and CTsub = -16.47 ± 5.78, p = 0.005], [LCX: CTpre = -31.26 ± 17.43, CTiv = -23.74 ± 14.06, and CTsub = -20.94 ± 12.15, p = 0.051]), while that of RCA showed no significant differences (p = 0.600). When comparing proxHU, CT iv showed higher proxHU than that of CTpre or CTsub, especially on LCX (CTpre = 426.7 ± 68.3, CTiv = 467.9 ± 84.9, and CTsub = 404.9 ± 63.3, p = 0.013). ProxHU showed a negative correlation with TAG on all three of methods (r = -0.280, p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#TAG in CCTA was significantly affected by vasodilator administration. Both TAG and ProxHU of coronary arteries tend to increase with vasodilator administration on CCTA.

6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 698-704, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833322

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#With changing fungal epidemiology and azole resistance in Aspergillus species, identifying fungal species and susceptibility patterns is crucial to the management of aspergillosis and mucormycosis. The objectives of this study were to evaluate performance of panfungal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays on formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) samples in the identification of fungal species and in the detection of azole-resistance mutations in the Aspergillus fumigatus cyp51A gene at a South Korean hospital. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 75 FFPE specimens with a histopathological diagnosis of aspergillosis or mucormycosis were identified during the 10-year study period (2006–2015). After deparaffinization and DNA extraction, panfungal PCR assays were conducted on FFPE samples for fungal species identification. The identified fungal species were compared with histopathological diagnosis. On samples identified as A. fumigatus, sequencing to identify frequent mutations in the cyp51A gene [tandem repeat 46 (TR46), L98H, and M220 alterations] that confer azole resistance was performed. @*Results@#Specific fungal DNA was identified in 31 (41.3%) FFPE samples, and of these, 16 samples of specific fungal DNA were in accord with a histopathological diagnosis of aspergillosis or mucormycosis; 15 samples had discordant histopathology and PCR results. No azole-mediating cyp51A gene mutation was noted among nine cases of aspergillosis. Moreover, no cyp51A mutations were identified among three cases with history of prior azole use. @*Conclusion@#Panfungal PCR assay with FFPE samples may provide additional information of use to fungal species identification. No azole-resistance mediating mutations in the A. fumigatus cyp51A gene were identified among FFPE samples during study period.

7.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 709-719, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832960

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#In acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI),on-site transmission of electrocardiogram (ECG) has been shown to reduce systemic timedelay to reperfusion and improve outcomes. However, it has not been adopted in communitybasedemergency transport system in Korea. @*Methods@#Busan Regional Cardio-cerebrovascular Center and Busan Metropolitan City Fireand Safety Headquarters (BMFSH) jointly developed and conducted a pre-hospital ECGtransmission program. Seven tertiary hospitals and 22 safety stations of BMFSH participated.Systemic time delay to reperfusion of STEMI patients in the program was compared with thatof 95 patients transported by 119 emergency medical system (EMS) before the program wasimplemented. @*Results@#During the study period, 289 ECG transmissions were made by 119 EMS personnel,executed within 5 minutes in 88.1% of cases. Of these, 42 ECGs were interpreted as STsegmentelevation. Final diagnosis of STEMI was made in 20 patients who underwent primarypercutaneous coronary intervention. With the program, systemic time delay to reperfusion wassignificantly reduced (median [interquartile range; IQR], 76.0 [62.2–98.7] vs. 90.0 [75.0–112.0],p<0.01). Significant reduction of door-to-balloon time was also observed (median [IQR], 45.0[34.0–69.5] vs. 58.0 [51.0–68.0], p=0.03). The proportion of patients with systemic time delayshorter than 90 minutes rose (51.6% vs. 75.0%, p=0.08) with pre-hospital ECG transmission. @*Conclusions@#We developed and implemented a community-based pre-hospital ECG transmission program for expeditious triage of STEMI patients. Significant reductions ofsystemic time delay and door-to-balloon time were observed. The expanded use of prehospitalECG transmission should be encouraged to realize the full potential of this program.

8.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1220-1228, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831911

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Although statins are widely used to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) including stroke and myocardial infarction (MI), it is reported that statin use increases the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) that is associated with increased risk of CVD. So, we evaluated the mediation effect of HZ caused by statin use on CVD. @*Methods@#We analyzed a prospective cohort from the National Health Insurance Service-database of South Korea. All individuals received a medical check-up and were followed-up from 2002 to 2013. @*Results@#A total of 275,382 individuals > 40 years old were followed up for 11 years from 2003. Of these, 11,415 people (4%) were classified as statin users and 263,967 (96%) as non-statin users. Those who used statins had significantly lower risks of cardiovascular events, stroke, and MI compared with non-statin users; the adjusted hazard ratios in the multivariate analysis were 0.90 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.82 to 0.98), 0.88 (95% CI, 0.80 to 0.98), and 0.91 (95% CI, 0.79 to 1.07), respectively. When we calculated the mediating effect of cardiovascular events by statin use through HZ, 11.6% of the total beneficial effect of cardiovascular events by statin use was mitigated through the occurrence of HZ caused by statin use. This mediating effect was higher in the younger age group (< 60 years). @*Conclusions@#This study showed that statin use reduced CVD by 10%, but the protective effect of statin use against CVD was mitigated by approximately 10% through the development of HZ caused by statin use.

9.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 125-132, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894913

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The FOURIER trial reported that inhibition of PCSK9 with evolocumab on a background of statin therapy lowered low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels to a median of 30 mg per deciliter (0.78 mmol per liter) and reduced the risk of cardiovascular events. Here, we report data from a single center focusing on the effect of a PCSK9 inhibitor antibody on hyperlipidemia. @*Methods@#We enrolled 29 hypercholesterolemia patients who had LDL cholesterol levels ≥ 70 mg per deciliter or nonHDL cholesterol ≥ 100 mg per deciliter and were divided into two groups (placebo n = 14, evolocumab n = 15), and participated in a 72 - 96 week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with statin therapy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive evolocumab (140 mg every 2 weeks or 420 mg monthly) or matched placebo via subcutaneous injection. Lipid changes during follow-up were analyzed. @*Results@#The median LDL cholesterol level at baseline was 88 mg per deciliter, and the average LDL cholesterol level was 101.8 ± 20.0 mg per deciliter. At 4 weeks, the median LDL cholesterol level was 39 mg per deciliter, and the average LDL cholesterol level was 34.8 ± 51.8 mg per deciliter. Compared to placebo group, the LDL cholesterol levels were significantly reduced after treatment (P < 0.001), as well as total cholesterol, ApoB, and ApoB / ApoA1 levels. During follow-up, no discomfort was reported at local injection sites, and no cases of abnormal liver function were observed. @*Conclusions@#Evolocumab significantly reduced LDL cholesterol levels and was well tolerated.

10.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1290-1298, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894688

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effects of vasodilators on contrast enhancement and transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG) of coronary arteries at coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed CCTA scans of patients who underwent double-acquisition CCTA; CCTA without a vasodilator, and CCTA during a intravenous (IV) infusion of nitrate. Among them, we enrolled 19 patients who had no significant atherosclerotic lesions or coronary spasms. In the control group, 28 patients were enrolled who showed normal coronary arteries on CCTA, which was acquired by a conventional method (sublingual vasodilator). We measured the TAG and Hounsfield units for each of the three major epicardial coronary arteries (reported as ‘ProxHU’) and then compared the results between the nitrate administration methods (CT without vasodilator [CT pre], CT with IV vasodilator [CTiv], and CT with sublingual vasodilator [CTsub]). @*Results@#The mean TAG showed a significant difference between the coronary arteries (right coronary artery [RCA] > left anterior descending artery [LAD] > left circumflex artery [LCX], p 0.05). The TAG of CTpre group showed steeper slope than those of vasodilator groups (CTiv and CTsub) on LAD and LCX ([LAD: CTpre = -22.1 ± 6.66, CTiv = -16.76 ± 5.78, and CTsub = -16.47 ± 5.78, p = 0.005], [LCX: CTpre = -31.26 ± 17.43, CTiv = -23.74 ± 14.06, and CTsub = -20.94 ± 12.15, p = 0.051]), while that of RCA showed no significant differences (p = 0.600). When comparing proxHU, CT iv showed higher proxHU than that of CTpre or CTsub, especially on LCX (CTpre = 426.7 ± 68.3, CTiv = 467.9 ± 84.9, and CTsub = 404.9 ± 63.3, p = 0.013). ProxHU showed a negative correlation with TAG on all three of methods (r = -0.280, p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#TAG in CCTA was significantly affected by vasodilator administration. Both TAG and ProxHU of coronary arteries tend to increase with vasodilator administration on CCTA.

11.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 59-64, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741282

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of the surgical assistant's level of resident training on operation time and surgical outcome in the surgical treatment of intermittent exotropia. METHODS: This study included 456 patients with intermittent exotropia who underwent lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection and were followed up for 24 months after surgery. The patients were divided into two groups according to the surgical assistant's level of resident training: group F (surgery assisted by a first-year resident [n = 198]) and group S (surgery assisted by a second-, third-, or fourth-year resident [n = 258]). The operation time and surgical outcomes (postoperative exodeviation and the number of patients who underwent a second operation) were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The average operation times in groups F and S were 36.54 ± 7.4 and 37.34 ± 9.94 minutes, respectively (p = 0.33). Immediate postoperative exodeviation was higher in group F (0.79 ± 3.82 prism diopters) than in group S (0.38 ± 3.75 prism diopters). However, repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed no significant difference in exodeviation between the two groups during the 24-month follow-up period (p = 0.45). A second operation was performed in 29.3% (58 / 198) of the patients in group F, and in 32.2% (83 / 258) of those in group S (p = 0.51). CONCLUSIONS: No significant difference in operation time was observed when we compared the effects of the level of resident training in the surgical treatment of intermittent exotropia. Although the immediate postoperative exodeviation was higher in patients who had undergone surgery assisted by a first-year resident, the surgical outcome during the 24-month follow-up was not significantly different.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exotropia , Follow-Up Studies , Internship and Residency , Ophthalmic Assistants , Strabismus
12.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e296-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718081

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum preventive measures with antiretroviral drugs, appropriate delivery methods, and discouraging breastfeeding significantly decrease the risk of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Herein, we investigated the pregnancy outcomes in HIV-infected Korean women. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of childbearing-age HIV-infected women between January 2005 and June 2017 at four tertiary care hospitals in Korea. RESULTS: Among a total of 95 HIV infected women of child-bearing age with 587.61 years of follow-up duration, 15 HIV-infected women experienced 21 pregnancies and delivered 16 infants. The pregnancy rate was 3.57 per 100 patient-years. Among the 21 pregnancies, five ended with an induced abortion, and 16 with childbirth including two preterm deliveries at 24 and 35 weeks of gestation, respectively. The two preterm infants had low birth weight and one of them died 10 days after delivery due to respiratory failure. Among the 14 full-term infants, one infant was small for gestational age. There were no HIV-infected infants. CONCLUSION: The pregnancy rate of HIV-infected women in Korea is lower than that of the general population. Although several adverse pregnancy outcomes were observed, mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection was successfully prevented with effective preventive measures.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Abortion, Induced , Breast Feeding , Follow-Up Studies , Gestational Age , HIV , HIV Infections , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Premature , Korea , Medical Records , Parturition , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate , Respiratory Insufficiency , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Healthcare
13.
Journal of Acute Care Surgery ; (2): 19-24, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714320

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate treatment outcomes and mortality risks associated with hemodynamic instability caused by severe pelvic fracture in a regional trauma center. METHODS: The medical charts of 44 patients with hemodynamic instability due to pelvic fractures who were admitted to a regional trauma center from January 2014 to May 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean age was 61.8 years, and the mean injury severity score was 39.1. Twenty-six patients (59.1%) were transferred from other hospitals, and the median time from injury to emergency room arrival was 115.5 minutes. Preperitoneal pelvic packing, pelvic angiography, and external pelvic fixation were performed in 38 patients (86.4%) for hemostasis. The mortality rate was 52.3%, and 15 patients (34.1%) died from hemorrhage. Logistic regression analysis showed that initial low systolic blood pressure and packed red blood cell (PRBC) requirement were independent risk factors associated with mortality. PRBC requirement for four hours and application of emergent hemostatic procedures were independent factors associated with hemorrhage-induced mortality. CONCLUSION: Emergency procedures for hemostasis should be performed immediately for patients with hemodynamic instability due to pelvic fracture, and they should be transferred to a regional trauma center as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Blood Pressure , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Erythrocytes , Hemodynamics , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Injury Severity Score , Logistic Models , Mortality , Pelvis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Shock , Trauma Centers
14.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 413-419, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717060

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel is one of the most commonly used anti-platelet agents in cardiovascular diseases. We analyzed the relationship between the platelet function analyzer (PFA)-200 P2Y (INNOVANCE PFA-200 System, Siemens Healthcare, Germany) results and occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in Korean patients with recent-onset acute coronary syndrome (ACS) taking clopidogrel. METHODS: Between August 2013 and June 2016, we prospectively enrolled 106 patients with recent-onset ACS who had been treated with clopidogrel. We obtained blood samples and measured closure time (CT) using the PFA-200 P2Y test. Patients were divided into two groups on the basis of a CT cut-off value of 106 seconds. We compared patient characteristics and various MACEs that occurred during the follow-up period. RESULTS: The CTs for 78 patients exceeded the cut-off value. At the time of these analyses, 11 patients had been diagnosed with MACEs. In the time-to-event analysis, there was a difference between the two groups (P<0.001). After adjusting other variables associated with MACE occurrence, CT value was the strongest predictor of MACEs, with a 7.30-fold occurrence risk (P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: We found a strong relationship between CT and MACE risk in Korean patients with recent-onset ACS taking clopidogrel. Accordingly, PFA-200 P2Y results could be used as a predictive marker for MACE risk in such patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Blood Platelets , Cardiovascular Diseases , Delivery of Health Care , Follow-Up Studies , Prospective Studies
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 843-851, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716928

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Severe sepsis is associated with functional disability among patients surviving an acute phase of infection. Efforts to improve functional impairment are important. We assessed the effects of early exercise rehabilitation on functional outcomes in patients with severe sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, single-center, case-control study was conducted between January 2013 and May 2014 at a tertiary care center in Korea. Patients with severe sepsis and septic shock were enrolled and randomized to receive standard sepsis treatment or intervention. Intervention involved early targeted physical rehabilitation with sepsis treatment during hospitalization. Participants were assessed at enrollment, hospital discharge, and 6 months after enrollment. Functional recovery was measured using the Modified Barthel Index (MBI), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). RESULTS: Forty participants (21 intervention patients) were included in an intention-to-treat analysis. There were no significant differences in baseline MBI, FIM, and IADL between groups. Intervention yielded greater improvement of MBI, FIM, and IADL in the intervention group at hospital discharge, but not significantly. Subgroup analysis of patients with APACHE II scores ≥10 showed significantly greater improvement of physical function at hospital discharge (MBI and FIM) in the intervention group, compared to the control group (55.13 vs. 31.75, p=0.048; 52.40 vs. 31.25, p=0.045). Intervention was significantly associated with improvement of MBI in multiple linear regression analysis (standardized coefficient 0.358, p=0.048). CONCLUSION: Early physical rehabilitation may improve functional recovery at hospital discharge, especially in patients with high initial severity scores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Activities of Daily Living , APACHE , Case-Control Studies , Hospitalization , Korea , Linear Models , Prospective Studies , Rehabilitation , Sepsis , Shock, Septic , Tertiary Care Centers
16.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 716-726, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716075

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transradial intervention (TRI) is becoming the preferred method over transfemoral intervention (TFI) because TRI is associated with lower incidence of major bleeding and vascular complications. However, there has been limited published data regarding the clinical outcomes of TRI versus TFI in Korean patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: A total of 689 consecutive STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) from January to December of 2009 at nine university hospitals were enrolled in this study. Mid-term angiographic and 12-month cumulative clinical outcomes of the TRI group (n = 220, 31.9%) were compared to those of the TFI group (n = 469, 28.1%). RESULTS: After propensity score matching, in-hospital complications and the 12-month major clinical outcomes during follow-up in the two groups were similar to each other. However, the incidence rates of repeat revascularization (6.4% vs. 0.5%, p = 0.003), target vessel revascularization (6.4% vs. 0.5%, p = 0.003), and major adverse cardiac events (MACE; 11.6% vs. 4.6%, p = 0.018) in the TFI group were higher than those in the TRI group during the 12-month of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, TRI in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI with DESs was associated with lower incidence of access site hematoma, 12-month repeat revascularization, and MACE compared to TFI. Therefore, TRI might play an important role in reducing bleeding complications while improving major clinical outcomes in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI with DESs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Hospitals, University , Incidence , Methods , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score
17.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 149-152, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-721994

ABSTRACT

Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection that is usually transmitted from cattle to humans through ingestion of animal milk, direct contact with animal parts, or inhalation of aerosolized particles. In Korea, brucellosis seem to be transmitted through close contact with blood, fetus, urine, and placenta of domestic cow that has been infected by Brucella abortus, or inhalation of B. arbortus while examining or slaughtering cow. Brucella melitensis infection is rare in Korea and there have been no reported cases of B. melitensis originating from other countries until now. This report details a case of complicated brucellosis with infective spondylitis in a 48-year-old male construction worker recently returned from Iraq. Infection with B. melitensis was confirmed using 16s rRNA sequencing and omp31 gene analysis. The patient was successfully treated using a combination of rifampin, doxycycline, and streptomycin, in accordance with WHO guidelines. This is the first reported case of complicated brucellosis with infective spondylitis in Korea caused by B. melitensis originating from Iraq.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brucella abortus , Brucella melitensis , Brucella , Brucellosis , Doxycycline , Eating , Fetus , Inhalation , Iraq , Korea , Middle East , Milk , Placenta , Rifampin , Spondylitis , Streptomycin , Zoonoses
18.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 149-152, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-721489

ABSTRACT

Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection that is usually transmitted from cattle to humans through ingestion of animal milk, direct contact with animal parts, or inhalation of aerosolized particles. In Korea, brucellosis seem to be transmitted through close contact with blood, fetus, urine, and placenta of domestic cow that has been infected by Brucella abortus, or inhalation of B. arbortus while examining or slaughtering cow. Brucella melitensis infection is rare in Korea and there have been no reported cases of B. melitensis originating from other countries until now. This report details a case of complicated brucellosis with infective spondylitis in a 48-year-old male construction worker recently returned from Iraq. Infection with B. melitensis was confirmed using 16s rRNA sequencing and omp31 gene analysis. The patient was successfully treated using a combination of rifampin, doxycycline, and streptomycin, in accordance with WHO guidelines. This is the first reported case of complicated brucellosis with infective spondylitis in Korea caused by B. melitensis originating from Iraq.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brucella abortus , Brucella melitensis , Brucella , Brucellosis , Doxycycline , Eating , Fetus , Inhalation , Iraq , Korea , Middle East , Milk , Placenta , Rifampin , Spondylitis , Streptomycin , Zoonoses
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 795-810, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90215

ABSTRACT

Bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BRS) is an innovative device that provides structural support and drug release to prevent early recoil or restenosis, and then degrades into nontoxic compounds to avoid late complications related with metallic drug-eluting stents (DESs). BRS has several putative advantages. However, recent randomized trials and registry studies raised clinical concerns about the safety and efficacy of first generation BRS. In addition, the general guidance for the optimal practice with BRS has not been suggested due to limited long-term clinical data in Korea. To address the safety and efficacy of BRS, we reviewed the clinical evidence of BRS implantation, and suggested the appropriate criteria for patient and lesion selection, scaffold implantation technique, and management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Disease , Drug Liberation , Drug-Eluting Stents , Korea , Stents , Thrombosis
20.
The Journal of the Korean Society for Transplantation ; : 94-97, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-219372

ABSTRACT

We report a case of tacrolimus-induced transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathies (TA-TMA) after lung transplantation. A 71-year-old man underwent lung transplantation secondary to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. After 4 months, he presented with abdominal discomfort and dyspnea, and was diagnosed with hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. Tacrolimus was considered the cause of the TMA. Tacrolimus was stopped and several sessions of plasma exchange were performed immediately after diagnosis of TA-TMA. However, his platelet count did not normalize, gastrointestinal bleeding was recurrent, and severe pneumonia developed, following which he died. TA-TMA are rare but severe, life-threatening complications in lung transplant recipients. Therefore, the possibility of TA-TMA should be considered in posttransplant recipients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Anemia, Hemolytic , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Hemorrhage , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis , Lung Transplantation , Lung , Plasma Exchange , Platelet Count , Pneumonia , Tacrolimus , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombotic Microangiopathies , Transplant Recipients
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