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1.
Blood Research ; : 72-78, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889660

ABSTRACT

Background@#We investigated whether distance max , that is, the degree of distance between the upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) mass and the farthest pathologic lymph node, was significantly associated with survival in patients with limited-stage UAT natural killer/T cell lymphoma (NKTCL). @*Methods@#A total of 157 patients who received chemotherapy (CTx) with/without radiotherapy (RTx) were enrolled. @*Results@#In the survival analysis, an elevated lactate dehydrogenase level [progression-free survival (PFS): hazard ratio (HR), 2.948; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.606‒5.404; P <0.001; overall survival (OS): HR, 2.619; 95% CI, 1.594‒4.822; P =0.003], short distance max (PFS: HR, 0.170; 95% CI, 0.071‒0.410; P <0.001; OS: HR, 0.142; 95% CI, 0.050‒0.402; P < 0.001), and CTx combined with RTx (HR, 0.168; 95%CI, 0.079‒0.380; P < 0.001; OS: HR, 0.193; 95% CI, 0.087‒0.429; P <0.001) had an independent predictive value for PFS and OS. @*Conclusion@#The evaluation of the degree of lymphatic spread and local control by CTx combined with RTx is essential in patients with limited-stage UAT NKTCL.

2.
Blood Research ; : 72-78, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897364

ABSTRACT

Background@#We investigated whether distance max , that is, the degree of distance between the upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) mass and the farthest pathologic lymph node, was significantly associated with survival in patients with limited-stage UAT natural killer/T cell lymphoma (NKTCL). @*Methods@#A total of 157 patients who received chemotherapy (CTx) with/without radiotherapy (RTx) were enrolled. @*Results@#In the survival analysis, an elevated lactate dehydrogenase level [progression-free survival (PFS): hazard ratio (HR), 2.948; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.606‒5.404; P <0.001; overall survival (OS): HR, 2.619; 95% CI, 1.594‒4.822; P =0.003], short distance max (PFS: HR, 0.170; 95% CI, 0.071‒0.410; P <0.001; OS: HR, 0.142; 95% CI, 0.050‒0.402; P < 0.001), and CTx combined with RTx (HR, 0.168; 95%CI, 0.079‒0.380; P < 0.001; OS: HR, 0.193; 95% CI, 0.087‒0.429; P <0.001) had an independent predictive value for PFS and OS. @*Conclusion@#The evaluation of the degree of lymphatic spread and local control by CTx combined with RTx is essential in patients with limited-stage UAT NKTCL.

3.
Blood Research ; : 244-252, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785542

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory response can be associated with the prognosis of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We investigated the systemic factors significantly related to clinical outcome in relapsed/refractory DLBCL.METHODS: In 242 patients with DLBCL, several factors, including inflammatory markers were analyzed. We assessed for the correlation between the survivals [progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS)] and prognostic factors.RESULTS: In these patients, a high derived neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (dNLR) (PFS, HR=2.452, P=0.002; OS, HR=2.542, P=0.005), high Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) (PFS, HR=2.435, P=0.002; OS, HR=2.621, P=0.002), and high NCCN-IPI (PFS, HR=2.836, P=0.003; OS, HR=2.928, P=0.003) were significantly associated with survival in multivariate analysis. Moreover, we proposed a risk stratification model based on dNLR, GPS, and NCCN-IPI, thereby distributing patients into 4 risk groups. There were significant differences in survival among the 4 risk groups (PFS, P<0.001; OS, P<0.001).CONCLUSION: In conclusion, dNLR, GPS, and NCCN-IPI appear to be excellent prognostic parameters for survival in relapsed/refractory DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis
4.
Blood Research ; : 175-180, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209256

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is widely known that the prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) depends on chromosomal abnormalities. The majority of AML patients relapse and experience a dismal disease course despite initial remission. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and laboratory findings of 55 AML patients who had relapsed between 2004 and 2013 and who had been treated at the Division of Hematology of the Pusan National University Hospital. RESULTS: The event-free survival (EFS) was related to prognostic karyotype classification at the time of diagnosis and relapse (unfavorable vs. favorable or intermediate karyotypes at diagnosis, 8.2 vs. 11.9 mo, P=0.003; unfavorable vs. favorable or intermediate karyotypes at relapse, 8.2 vs. 11.9 mo, P=0.009). The overall survival (OS) was significantly correlated with karyotype classification only at diagnosis (unfavorable vs. favorable or intermediate vs. karyotypes at diagnosis, 8.5 vs. 21.8 mo, P=0.001; unfavorable vs. favorable or intermediate karyotypes at relapse, 8.5 vs. 21.2 mo, P=0.136). A change in karyotype between diagnosis and relapse, which is regarded as a factor of resistance against treatment, was not a significant prognostic factor for OS, EFS, and post-relapse survival (PRS). A Cox proportional hazards model showed that the combined use of fludarabine, cytosine arabinoside, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (FLAG) as a salvage regimen, was a significant prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio=0.399, P=0.010) and the PRS (hazard ratio=0.447, P=0.031). CONCLUSION: The karyotype classification at diagnosis predicts survival including PRS in relapsed AML patients as well as in treatment-naïve patients. We suggest that presently, administration of salvage FLAG could be a better treatment option.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Classification , Clonal Evolution , Cytarabine , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematology , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Medical Records , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Recurrence
6.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 288-297, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36811

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To identify potential molecular prognostic markers in core binding factor (CBF) AML, we analyzed incidences and prognostic impacts of mutations in c-KIT, WT1, CEBPA, CBL, and a number of epigenetic genes in CBF AML. METHODS: Seventy one and 21 AML patients with t(8;21) and inv(16) were enrolled in this study, respectively. NPM1, CEBPA, c-KIT, IDH1/2, DNMT3A, EZH2, WT1, and CBL mutations were analyzed by direct sequencing. Patients were categorized with respect to c-KIT and WT1 mutation status, and both clinical features and prognoses were compared. RESULTS: The incidences of FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), NPM1, CEBPA, IDH1/2, DNMT3A, EZH2, and CBL mutations were low (< or =5%) in CBF AML patients. However, c-KIT and WT1 mutations occurred frequently (10.9% and 13.8%, respectively). t(8;21) patients with c-KIT mutations showed significantly shorter overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) periods than those without mutations (P<0.001, for both); however, although the limited number of t(8;21) patients were analyzed, WT1 mutation status did not affect prognosis significantly. Relapse or death during follow-up occurred more frequently in t(8;21) patients carrying c-KIT mutations than in those without the mutation, although the difference was significant only in a specific patient subgroup with no WT1 mutations (P=0.014). CONCLUSIONS: The incidences of mutations in epigenetic genes are very low in CBF AML; however, c-KIT and WT1 mutations occur more frequently than others. The poor prognostic impact of c-KIT mutation in t(8;21) AML patients only applies in a specific patient subgroup without WT1 mutations. The prognostic impact of WT1 mutation in CBF AML is not evident and further investigation is required.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People/genetics , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins/genetics , Core Binding Factors/genetics , Disease-Free Survival , Epigenesis, Genetic , Incidence , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Mutation , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-cbl/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Survival Rate , Translocation, Genetic , WT1 Proteins/genetics
7.
Blood Research ; : 179-181, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36726

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Drug Therapy
8.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 233-237, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29325

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the incidence, clinical characteristics, and prognostic impact of calreticulin (CALR) mutations in essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) patients. In all, 48 ET and 14 PMF patients were enrolled, and the presence of CALR mutations was analyzed by direct sequencing. Patients were classified into three subgroups according to Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) V617F and CALR mutation status, and their clinical features and prognosis were compared. CALR mutations were detected in 15 (24.2%) patients, and the incidence increased to 50.0% in 30 JAK2 V617F mutation-negative cases. These included 11 patients with three known mutations (c.1092_1143del [seven cases], c.1154_1155insTTGTC [three cases], and c.1102_1135del [one case]) and 4 patients with novel mutations. ET patients carrying CALR mutation were younger, had lower white blood cell counts, and experienced less thrombosis during follow-up than those carrying JAK2 V617F mutation, while both patient groups showed similar clinical features and prognosis. In ET patients without JAK2 V617F mutation, CALR mutation did not significantly affect clinical manifestation and prognosis. In conclusion, CALR mutation analysis could be a useful diagnostic tool for ET and PMF in 50% of the cases without JAK2 V617F mutations. The prognostic impact of CALR mutations needs further investigation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Calreticulin/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Genotype , INDEL Mutation , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Primary Myelofibrosis/diagnosis , Prognosis , Republic of Korea , Tertiary Care Centers , Thrombocythemia, Essential/diagnosis
9.
Blood Research ; : 97-102, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184127

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Few clinical studies have clarified the prognostic factors that affect clinical outcomes for patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after immunochemotherapy. METHODS: A total of 158 patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL were enrolled. All patients underwent positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) before and after salvage therapy. All enrolled patients previously received the ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide regimen. Clinical outcomes were compared according to several factors (age > or = 65 years, low age-adjusted International Prognostic Index [aa-IPI], maximum standardized uptake value [SUVmax] or =12 months, complete response after salvage therapy). A low aa-IPI, SUVmax or = 12 months were independent prognostic factors for survival. RESULTS: In univariate analysis and multivariate analysis, SUVmax below 6.0 (P<0.001 for progression-free survival (PFS), P<0.001 for overall survival (OS)) and low aa-IPI (P<0.001 for PFS, P<0.001 for OS) were independent prognostic factors associated with favorable outcome. CONCLUSION: The aa-IPI and initial SUVmax were powerful prognostic factors in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carboplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Electrons , Etoposide , Ifosfamide , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Recurrence , Salvage Therapy
10.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 173-181, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198399

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate outcomes in adult patients with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) or Burkitt-like lymphoma treated with an rituximab plus hyper-CVAD (R-hyper-CVAD) regimen by focusing on tolerability and actual delivered relative dose intensity (RDI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients > or = 20 years of age and pathologically diagnosed with BL or Burkitt-like lymphoma were treated with at least one cycle of R-hyper-CVAD as the first-line treatment in this study. Eligible patients' case report forms were requested from their physicians to obtain clinical and laboratory data for this retrospective study. RESULTS: Forty-three patients (median age, 51 years) from 14 medical centers in Korea were analyzed, none of which were infected with human immunodeficiency virus. The majority of patients had advanced diseases, and 24 patients achieved a complete response (75.0%). After a median follow-up period of 20.0 months, 2-year event-free and overall survival rates were 70.9% and 81.4%, respectively. Eleven patients (25.6%) were unable to complete the R-hyper-CVAD regimen, including six patients due to early death. The RDIs of adriamycin, vincristine, methotrexate, and cytarabine were between 60% and 65%, which means less than 25% of patients received greater than 80% of the planned dose of each drug. Poor performance status was related to the lower RDIs of doxorubicin and methotrexate. CONCLUSION: R-hyper-CVAD showed excellent treatment outcomes in patients who were suitable for dose-intense chemotherapy. However, management of patients who are intolerant to a dose-intense regimen remains problematic due to the frequent occurrence of treatmentrelated complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Burkitt Lymphoma , Cytarabine , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , HIV , Korea , Lymphoma , Methotrexate , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Vincristine
11.
Blood Research ; : 234-240, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75438

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Azacitidine (AZA) is standard care for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who have not had allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Chromosomal abnormalities (CA) including complex karyotype (CK) or monosomal karyotype (MK) are associated with clinical outcome in patients with MDS. METHODS: We investigated which prognostic factors including CAs would predict clinical outcomes in patients with International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) higher risk MDS treated with AZA, retrospectively. CK was defined as the presence of three or more numerical or structural CAs. MK was defined as the presence of two or more distinct autosomal monosomies or single autosomal monosomy with at least one additional structural CA. RESULTS: A total of 243 patients who treated with AZA, were enrolled. CK was present in 124 patients and MK was present in 90 patients. Bone marrow blasts > or =15% and CK were associated with poorer response (P=0.038, P=0.007) and overall survival (OS) (P3 CAs was associated with poorer OS (group including 3 CAs vs. only three CAs, P=0.001). CONCLUSION: CK was an important prognostic parameter associated with worse outcome. MK may predict poor survival in only non-CK status. The higher number of CAs was associated with poorer survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Azacitidine , Bone Marrow , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotype , Monosomy , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation
12.
Blood Research ; : 162-169, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145981

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although adding rituximab to the chemotherapy regimen of cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and prednisone (R-CHOP) has improved clinical outcomes of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), several recent studies have shown that the effect of rituximab is dominantly in the non-germinal center (non-GC) subtype compared to the germinal center (GC) subtype. Natural killer (NK) cell count, a surrogate marker of immune status, is associated with clinical outcomes in DLBCL patients in the rituximab era. We investigated whether the impact of NK cells on clinical outcomes differed according to the immunophenotype of DLBCL. METHODS: This study analyzed 72 DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP between January 2010 and January 2014. RESULTS: Low NK cell counts (<100/microL) were associated with poor progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared to high NK cell counts. In multivariate analysis, low NK cell count was an independent prognostic factor for PFS and OS. However, survival did not significantly differ between the GC and non-GC subtypes. We examined the clinical influence of NK cells according to the immunophenotype and found that low NK cell counts were significantly associated with poor PFS and OS in non-GC cases, but not in GC cases. CONCLUSION: Low NK cell counts at diagnosis are associated with poor clinical outcomes in DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP therapy. However, the impact is significant only in non-GC subtype DLBCL, not in the GC subtype.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Cell Count , Cyclophosphamide , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Germinal Center , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Prednisone , Vincristine , Rituximab
14.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 207-212, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720168

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and maximum tumor diameter (MTD) have been shown to reflect survival outcome in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, applying these values to primary extranodal DLBCL is difficult because they are separate nosological entities with differences in genetic origin. We therefore decided to evaluate whether SUVmax and MTD on 2-[fluorine-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) would affect the survival outcome in primary extranodal DLBCL. METHODS: From October 2005 to November 2010, 76 primary extranodal DLBCL patients receiving R-CHOP therapy were analyzed. All patients had undergone an initial 18-FDG PET/CT and conventional computed tomography (CT) of the neck, chest, abdomen, and pelvis for staging. Median follow-up period was 35 months. RESULTS: The SUVmax and MTD cut-off values were 11.0 and 7.5 cm, respectively. SUVmax> or =11.0 predicted a short progression free survival (PFS, P=0.002) and overall survival (OS, P=0.002). MTD> or =7.5 cm was associated with poor PFS (P=0.003) and OS (P=0.003). High International Prognostic Index (IPI) was also associated with the survival outcome (PFS, P=0.046; OS, P=0.030). Multivariate analysis revealed that SUVmax> or =11.0 (PFS, hazard ratio [HR]=10.813, P=0.024; OS, HR=6.312, P=0.015); MTD> or =7.5 cm (PFS, HR=5.631, P=0.008; OS, HR=4.072, P=0.008); and high IPI (PFS, P=0.027; OS, P=0.046) were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: It appears that both MTD and SUVmax can be independent prognostic factors in primary extranodal DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdomen , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Neck , Pelvis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Thorax
15.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 76-81, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75324

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has become the treatment of choice for patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Studies have shown that maintenance treatment with interferon-alpha is associated with improved survival rates following ASCT. However, despite these recent advances in regimes, relapses are inevitable; thus, the prediction of relapse following ASCT requires assessment. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 39 patients who received ASCT between 2003 and 2008. All patients received chemotherapy with vincristine, adriamycin, and dexamethasone (VAD), and ASCT was performed following high-dose melphalan conditioning therapy. We evaluated the influence of the post-transplant day +14 (D+14) bone marrow plasma cell percent (BMPCp) (> or = 2 vs. or = 50 vs. or = 50% at diagnosis, CR after 3 cycles of VAD therapy, del (13q) by fluorescence in situ hybridization, and BMPCp > or = 2% at post-transplant D+14 were correlated with PFS and OS. A multivariate analysis revealed that a post-transplant D+14 BMPCp > or = 2% (PFS, hazard ratio [HR] = 4.426, p = 0.008; OS, HR = 3.545, p = 0.038) and CR after 3 cycles of VAD therapy (PFS, HR = 0.072, p = 0.014; OS, HR = 0.055, p = 0.015) were independent prognostic parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Post-transplant D+14 BMPCp is a useful parameter for predicting the outcome for patients with MM receiving ASCT.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow/pathology , Combined Modality Therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Multiple Myeloma/mortality , Plasma Cells/pathology , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous
16.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 188-192, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720393

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bortezomib has significant activity in treating multiple myeloma (MM). The risk of herpes zoster (HZ) has been reported to increase significantly with bortezomib treatment, but the predisposing factors for HZ are not clear. This study is a retrospective analysis of the relevant risk factors for HZ in Korean MM patients treated with bortezomib. METHODS: Sixty-six patients with refractory or relapsed MM who underwent chemotherapy with bortezomib were included in the study. Prophylactic antiviral drugs were not used for treatment. The following parameters were reviewed: age, gender, stage and type of MM, extent of previous treatment, history of HZ, duration from the time of diagnosis to the time of bortezomib treatment initiation, and absolute lymphocyte counts (ALC) at the time of bortezomib treatment initiation. RESULTS: The incidence of HZ was 16.7%. There were no intergroup differences between the HZ-positive and the HZ-negative groups with regard to a history of HZ, number of previous treatments, and exposure to steroids before bortezomib treatment. The median duration from the time of MM diagnosis to the time of bortezomib treatment initiation in the HZ-positive group was significantly shorter than that in the HZ-negative group. The median ALC at the time of bortezomib initiation in the HZ-positive group was significantly lower than that in the HZ-negative group. CONCLUSION: Bortezomib itself might act as a risk factor for HZ by inhibiting cell-mediated immunity, and patients with low ALC at the time of bortezomib treatment initiation were at greater risk of HZ during bortezomib treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents , Boronic Acids , Herpes Zoster , Immunity, Cellular , Incidence , Lymphocyte Count , Multiple Myeloma , Protease Inhibitors , Pyrazines , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Steroids , Bortezomib
17.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 242-246, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720659

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cytogenetic abnormalities (CAs) have been reported frequently in patients with otherwise typical aplastic anemia (AA), but their implications in the prognosis and in the evolution to hematologic malignancies are controversial. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 127 adult AA patients who had successful cytogenetic analysis at initial diagnosis. RESULTS: The patients were classified into 3 groups according to the initial and follow-up results of cytogenetic profiles. Group 1 included patients who had persistent AA with normal cytogenetic profiles (N=117); Group 2, those who had a normal cytogenetic profile at initial diagnosis but later acquired CA (N=4, 3.1%); and Group 3, those who had CA at the initial diagnosis, regardless of follow-up cytogenetic status (N=6,4.7%). In Group 2, 2 patients later developed CA without progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS); the other 2 patients later progressed to AML. None of the patients in Group 3 progressed to AML or MDS. There was no significant difference in overall survival between Groups 1 and 3. CONCLUSION: AA patients with CA at initial diagnosis or follow-up may not be at greater risk for evolution to AML or MDS, or show shorter survival periods. Prospective studies and a larger patient samples are needed to establish the clinical relevance of CA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Anemia, Aplastic , Chromosome Aberrations , Cytogenetic Analysis , Cytogenetics , Follow-Up Studies , Hematologic Neoplasms , Incidence , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
18.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 368-373, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33198

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Serum ferritin is a marker of acute phase reactions and iron storage. In addition, hematologic malignancies are associated with elevated serum ferritin levels. Other studies have suggested that ferritin is a surrogate for advanced disease and has an impact on relapse, because elevated serum ferritin predicts overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival following autologous stem cell transplantation for lymphomas. METHODS: We studied 89 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma to determine the value of serum ferritin in comparison with known prognostic factors. RESULTS: The OS in the elevated serum ferritin group (> or =300 ng/mL) was shorter than that in the normal serum ferritin group (<300 ng/mL, p<0.001) after a median follow-up of 25 months. In univariate analysis, elevated ferritin was correlated with poor survival in the patients (relative risk [RR], 2.588; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.536 to 4.358; p<0.001). Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that elevated serum ferritin was an independent predictor of mortality in patients with multiple myeloma (RR, 2.594; 95% CI, 1.403 to 4.797; p=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The serum ferritin can a prognostic parameter of survival as well as disease activity in patients with multiple myeloma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Ferritins/blood , Multiple Myeloma/blood , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , beta 2-Microglobulin/blood
19.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 555-560, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185542

ABSTRACT

Previous reports have suggested that a high serum cyclosporine A (CsA) level could result in a lower incidence of acute-graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). An elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level has been reported to be an adverse predictor of outcome in stem cell transplantation (SCT) for acute myeloid leukemia. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the records of 24 patients who received allogeneic SCT from an HLA-matched sibling donor for acute and chronic myelogenous leukemia. Univariate analysis showed that two factors (the serum CsA level at the third week after SCT and the LDH level at the third week after SCT) were significantly associated with the incidence of aGVHD among several variables (age, sex, stem cell source, cell dose, C-reactive protein, absolute lymphocyte count, conditioning regimens, and time to engraftment). A higher serum level of CsA and lower serum LDH level at the third week after SCT were associated with a lower incidence of aGVHD (P=0.015, 0.030). In multivariate analysis, the serum CsA level (hazard ratio [HR], 0.12; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.022-0.652, P=0.0014) and serum LDH level (HR, 6.59; 95% CI, 1.197-36.316, P=0.030) at the third week after SCT were found to be independent factors that were significantly associated with the development of aGVHD. We conclude that a high CsA level and low LDH level might predict a low cumulative incidence of aGVHD after allogeneic transplantation from a matched sibling donor.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Disease , Cyclosporine/blood , Graft vs Host Disease/epidemiology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/therapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Homologous
20.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 163-167, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720031

ABSTRACT

Acquired hemophilia is a rare but potentially life-threatening hemorrhagic disorder caused by the development of autoantibodies against coagulation factor VIII. Concentrates of human factor VIII, desmopressin, activated prothrombin complex concentrates, recombinant activated factor VII can all be used to control episodes of acute bleeding. The recent availability of bypassing agents like recombinant activated factor VII has been shown to be clinically safe and effective as treatment for acute bleeding. In this case report, a 67 year-old male patient with Rh negative blood type developed gross hematuria and bleeding after transurethral resection due to prostatic hypertrophy. After vesicocutaneous fistular reduction operation, post-operative bleeding was presented. The acute bleeding was controlled successfully by the combined treatment with recombinant activated factor VII (Novo seven(R)) and prednisone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Autoantibodies , Blood Coagulation Factors , Deamino Arginine Vasopressin , Factor VIIa , Factor VIII , Hematuria , Hemophilia A , Hemorrhage , Hemorrhagic Disorders , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Prothrombin
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