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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201416


Dopamine (DA) is an oxidant that may contribute to the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons. The present study demonstrates that DA-induced cytotoxicity in human-derived neurotypic cells, SH-SY5Y, is prevented by resveratrol, one of the major antioxidative constituents found in the skin of grapes. SH-SY5Y cells, a neuroblastoma cell line, treated with DA at 300 and 500 micrometer for 24 h underwent apoptotic death as determined by characteristic morphological features, including nuclear condensation, and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Flow cytometric analysis using Annexin V showed that DA can induce significant and severe apoptosis. Exposure to resveratrol (5 micrometer) for 1 h prior to the DA treatment attenuated DA-induced cytotoxicity, and rescued the loss of MMP. To investigate the apoptotic signaling pathways relevant to the restoration of DA-induced apoptosis by resveratrol, we carried out quantitative analysis of Bcl-2, caspase-3, and cleaved poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) by immunoblot analysis. Resveratrol pretreatment led to a decrease in cleavage of PARP, an increase in the Bcl-2 protein, and activation of caspase-3. These results suggest that DA may be a potential oxidant of neuronal cells at biologically relevant concentrations. Resveratrol may protect SH-SY5Y cells against this cytotoxicity, reducing intracellular oxidative stress through canonical signal pathways of apoptosis and may be of biological importance in the prevention of a dopaminergic neurodegenerative disorder such as Parkinson disease.

Humans , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cytoprotection , Dopamine/physiology , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial/drug effects , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Stilbenes/pharmacology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90140


Binding of viruses to cell surface molecules is an essential step in viral infection. In vitro studies suggested that the alpha v beta3 integrin receptor is the epithelial cell receptor for Hantaan virus (HTNV). Whether beta3 is in vivo the only or central cellular receptor for HTNV infection is not known. To investigate the role of beta3 integrin for cellular entry of HTNV, we established an HTNV infection model in newborn murine pups. Infected pups died at an average age of 14.2 +/- 1.1 days with high levels of viral antigen detected in their brain, lung, and kidney. Pre-injection of blocking monoclonal antibodies (mAb) specific for either beta3 or av prolonged survival significantly to a maximal average survival of 19.7 +/- 1.5 days (P<0.01) and 18.4 +/- 0.9 days (P<0.01), respectively. XT-199, a chemical blocker of the alpha v beta3 receptor also prolonged survival to 19.5 +/- 1.3 days (P<0.01). In contrast to these receptor blockades, anti-HTNV antibody was not only able to prolong survival, but 20% of infected pups achieved long-term survival. An anti-murine beta1 antibody comparatively prolonged survival (19.0 +/- 1.2 days), suggesting that HTNV infection is partly mediated through integrin beta1 receptors as well as through beta3 receptors in vivo. Our data demonstrate that the beta3 receptor is important for HTNV infection in vivo, but also suggest that HTNV may utilize additional receptors beyond beta3 for cellular entry within an organism.

Animals , Mice , Animals, Newborn , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Integrin beta1/metabolism , Hantaan virus/metabolism , Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome/mortality , Imidazoles/pharmacology , Integrin alphaV/metabolism , Integrin alphaVbeta3/antagonists & inhibitors , Integrin beta3/metabolism , Receptors, Virus/metabolism