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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(7): 2889-2898, jul. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278759

ABSTRACT

Resumo Dentes com defeitos de desenvolvimento do esmalte (DDE) apresentam porosidades e/ou irregularidades que os tornam suscetíveis a acúmulo de biofilme e predisposição à cárie e doenças periodontais. O objetivo deste artigo é determinar a prevalência de DDE e fatores associados em crianças e adolescentes residentes em comunidade quilombola. A população foi censitária e composta por indivíduos na faixa etária de 3 a 14 anos. Os responsáveis responderam a questionário contendo dados socioeconômicos demográficos e histórico de agravos durante a gravidez e infância. Foi aplicado o Índice DDE modificado. Foram realizadas análise descritiva e regressão de Poisson com variância robusta (p<0,05). Foram examinados 406 indivíduos. A prevalência de DDE foi de 80,5%, sendo que em dentes decíduos foi de 42,2% e permanentes 61,1%. Houve associação entre DDE e maior idade da criança (RP=1,09; IC95%=1,01-1,17), uso de antibiótico na gravidez (RP=1,14; IC95%=1,07-1,22) e relato de desnutrição durante a primeira infância (RP=1,12; IC95%=1,03-1,22). A prevalência de DDE em crianças e adolecentes da comunidade quilombola foi alta. E os fatores associados foram maior idade da criança, uso de antibióticos na gravidez e desnutrição durante a primeira infância.


Abstract Teeth with developmental defects of enamel (DDE) have porous and/or uneven enamel, making them more susceptible to the build-up of oral biofilm and development of caries and periodontal diseases. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of DDE and associated factors among children and adolescents living in a Quilombola community in the Northeast of Brazil. The study population was census-based and comprised individuals aged three to 14 years. The children's parents/guardians answered a questionnaire devised to collect information on socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, health problems during pregnancy and illnesses during early childhood. DDE was diagnosed using the modified DDE index. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Poisson regression with robust standard errors (p<0.05). A total of 406 individuals were examined. DDE prevalence was 80.5%: 42.2% in deciduous teeth and 61.1% in permanent teeth. There was an association between presence of DDE and age (PR=1.09, 95% CI=1.01-1.17), use of antibiotics during pregnancy (PR=1.14, 95% CI=1.07-1.22) and reported malnutrition during early childhood (PR=1.12; 95% CI=1.03-1.22). The findings reveal high prevalence of DDE among children and adolescents living in the Quilombola community. Associated factors were older age, use of antibiotics during pregnancy and malnutrition during early childhood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Aged , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Caries , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Enamel
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 75-83, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345499

ABSTRACT

Abstract This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence and severity of dental caries and fluorosis in children and adolescents using fluoridated toothpaste, from areas with and without fluoridated water. Parents of 5-year-old children and 12-year-old adolescents from neighbourhoods that are supplied with and without fluoridated water answered questionnaires for determining socio-economic and demographic characteristics and habits related to oral health. The individuals were examined, and dental caries and fluorosis were measured by dmft/DMFT and TF indexes, respectively. Descriptive, bivariate and logistic regression analyses were performed (p < 0.05). Of 692 participants, 47.7% were 5-year-olds and 52.3% were 12-year-olds. The mean dmft/DMFT in the 5-year-olds/ 12-year-olds from Exposed and Not Exposed fluoridated water groups was 1.53 (± 2.47) and 3.54 (± 4.10) / 1.53 (± 1.81) and 3.54 (± 3.82), respectively. Children (OR = 2.86, 95% CI = 1.71-4.75) and adolescents (OR = 1.95, 95% CI = 1.24-3.05), who did not consume fluoridated water, had greater caries experience. Among adolescents, there was an association between fluoridated water and the prevalence of very mild/mild fluorosis (OR = 5.45, 95% CI: 3.23-9.19) and moderate fluorosis (OR = 11.11, 95% CI = 4.43-27.87). Children and adolescents, who consumed fluoridated water, presented lower prevalence and severity of dental caries compared to those who used only fluoridated toothpaste as the source of fluoride. There is an association between water fluoridation and very mild/mild and moderate fluorosis in adolescents.


Resumo Este estudo transversal avaliou a prevalência e severidade de cárie dentária e fluorose em crianças de 5 anos e adolescentes de 12 anos usuários de dentifrício fluoretado, em áreas com e sem água fluoretada. Os responsáveis pelas crianças e adolescentes responderam questionários para determinação de características socioeconômicas e demográficas e hábitos relacionados à saúde. Os indivíduos foram examinados e a cárie e a fluorose foram mensuradas pelos índices ceo-d / CPOD e TF, respectivamente. Foram realizadas análises descritivas, bivariadas e de regressão logística (p <0,05). Dos 692 participantes, 47,7% tinham 5 anos e 52,3% tinham 12 anos. A média de ceod / CPOD em crianças de 5/12 anos dos grupos de exposto e não exposto à água fluoretada foi 1,53 (± 2,47) e 3,54 (± 4,10) / 1,53 (± 1,81) e 3,54 (± 3,82), respectivamente. Crianças (OR = 2,86, IC 95% = 1,71-4,75) e adolescentes (OR = 1,95, IC 95% = 1,24-3,05) que não consumiram água fluoretada tiveram maior experiência de cárie. Entre os adolescentes, houve associação entre a água fluoretada e a prevalência de fluorose muito leve / leve (OR = 5,45, IC 95%: 3,23-9,19) e fluorose moderada (OR = 11,11, IC 95% = 4,43-27,87). Crianças e adolescentes que consumiram água fluoretada apresentaram menor prevalência e severidade de cárie dentária em comparação com aqueles que usaram apenas dentifrício fluoretado como fonte de flúor. Houve uma associação entre a fluoretação da água e fluorose muito leve / leve e moderada em adolescentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dentifrices , Fluorosis, Dental/epidemiology , DMF Index , Fluoridation , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fluorides
3.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210007, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1289857

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Sugar ingestion is the most important isolated factor related to dental caries. Contact with sugary foods at an early age may represent a risk to the oral health of preschool children. Objective To evaluate the timing of the introduction of sugar in the diet of preschoolers and its association with early childhood caries. Material and method Cross-sectional population-based study with 888 five-year-old preschoolers from public and private schools. Parents answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic data, eating habits and oral health. The variables timing of sugar introduction (>1 year and ≤1 year) and dental caries experience were dichotomized and data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Poisson regression (p<0.05). Result The introduction of sugar in the diet occurred during the first twelve months of life for 73.8% of preschoolers. There was no association between the timing of sugar introduction and early childhood caries (p>0.05). The interruption of exclusive breastfeeding and low family income increased the prevalence of preschoolers having early contact with sugar by 32% and 23%, respectively (p<0.05). The prevalence of early childhood caries was 42.3% and was associated with a lower level of maternal education, low income, increased frequency of ingestion of candy and the use of nonfluoridated toothpaste (p<0.05). Conclusion The introduction of sugar in the diet occurred during the first year of life in most preschoolers and there was no association with early childhood caries.


Resumo Introdução A ingestão de açúcar é um importante fator relacionado à cárie dentária. O contato com alimentos açucarados em idade precoce pode representar risco para a saúde bucal de crianças em idade pré-escolar. Objetivo Avaliar o momento de introdução do açúcar na dieta de pré-escolares e sua associação com a cárie na primeira infância. Material e método Estudo transversal de base populacional com 888 pré-escolares de cinco anos de escolas públicas e privadas. Os pais responderam questionário sobre dados sociodemográficos, hábitos alimentares e saúde bucal. As variáveis ​​tempo de introdução do açúcar (> 1 ano e ≤1 ano) e experiência de cárie dentária foram dicotomizadas e os dados foram analisados ​​por meio de estatística descritiva e regressão de Poisson (p <0,05). Resultado A introdução do açúcar na dieta ocorreu nos primeiros doze meses de vida para 73,8% dos pré-escolares. Não houve associação entre o momento de introdução do açúcar e a cárie na primeira infância (p> 0,05). A interrupção do aleitamento materno exclusivo e a baixa renda familiar aumentaram a prevalência de pré-escolares com contato precoce com açúcar em 32% e 23%, respectivamente (p <0,05). A prevalência de cárie na primeira infância foi de 42,3% e esteve associada à menor escolaridade materna, baixa renda, maior frequência de ingestão de doces e uso de dentifrício não fluoretado (p <0,05). Conclusão A introdução de açúcar na dieta ocorreu durante o primeiro ano de vida na maioria dos pré-escolares e não houve associação com cárie na primeira infância.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Population Studies in Public Health , Dietary Sugars
4.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346684

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images to evaluate the dentin thickness of the pulp chamber floor in primary molars. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study, conducted with CBCT images of teeth of children. Primary molars with preserved pulp chamber floor were included. The dentin thickness of the pulp chamber floor in the primary molars was measured linearly in CBCT cross-sections. Data were descriptively analyzed and the Mann-Whitney test was applied (p<0.05). Results: 27 CBCT exams and 123 primary molars of children aged 4 to 13 years were analyzed; the majority was female (52.0%). In maxillary molars, the median dentin thickness was 1.50 (0.6-2.2) mm in the first and 1.65 (0.6-2.3) mm in the second (p=0.049) molars. In mandibular molars, the median was 1.20 (0.3-1.7) mm in the first and 1.60 (1.0-2.2) mm in the second (p<0.001) molars. Children aged 4 to 8 years showed less dentin thickness (p<0.001). Conclusion: The median dentin thickness of the pulp chamber floor in primary molars was 1.50 mm, ranging from 0.3 to 2.3 mm. Less dentin thickness was associated with younger children, teeth in the mandibular arch, and first molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Colonography, Computed Tomographic/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/instrumentation , Molar/anatomy & histology , Brazil/epidemiology , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Caries/prevention & control
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351219

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine in vitro the frequency, shape, type, diameter, and patency of accessory canals in the primary molars pulp chamber floor. Material and Methods: Sixteen healthy primary molars were evaluated by micro-computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy. Descriptive analyses of the frequency, shape (round, oval, or irregular), type (blind, true, or hidden), patency and diameter of the accessory canals were performed. Results: Half of the teeth presented accessory canals, 62.5% of which were located in the upper molars and 37.5% in the lower molars. The most frequent shape was irregular. In three-dimensional analysis, blind accessory canals (12.5%) and with patency (18.7%) of the teeth were observed. The average accessory canal diameter was 51.97 µm (± 26.03 µm). Conclusion: Upper molars showed a higher frequency of accessory canals with larger diameters. The irregular shape was the most frequent. 18.7% of accessory channels showed patency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , X-Ray Microtomography/instrumentation , Molar , Brazil/epidemiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
6.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 49: e20200063, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1144882

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução A cárie dentária ainda é um problema de saúde pública na maioria dos países industrializados, com maior prevalência nas populações mais vulneráveis socioeconomicamente. Objetivo Avaliar a prevalência e a severidade da cárie dentária, e as ações curativas realizadas em escolares de 6 a 14 anos do Ensino Fundamental durante quatro meses de intervenção. Material e método Estudo transversal foi realizado com 130 escolares do município de Sarandi-PR. Para o diagnóstico da cárie dentária, foram utilizados os índices ceo-d, CPO-D e ICDAS II. Os escolares receberam atendimento curativo de acordo com as necessidades apresentadas, associado a atividades educativas preventivas. Resultado A prevalência de cárie dentária foi de 70% e 83%, segundo os índice ceo-d/CPO-D e ICDAS II, respectivamente. Os códigos referentes ao ICDAS II com maior prevalência foram ICDAS 5 e 6 (1,57% e 3,69%, respectivamente), enquanto o código 4 foi o de menor prevalência (0,30%). A maioria dos tratamentos restauradores foi realizada pela técnica de Tratamento Restaurador Atraumático (ART) (150 restaurações). Foram realizadas 90 aplicações de verniz fluoretado em lesões iniciais de cárie. Os tratamentos de maior complexidade foram encaminhados para a Unidade Básica de Saúde do município. Dos 32 escolares referenciados, 21 compareceram e nestes foram realizados tratamentos endodônticos e exodontias de dentes decíduos e permanentes. Conclusão A população estudada apresenta prevalência alta de cárie e, após quatro meses de intervenção, observou-se que o ART foi resolutivo para a maioria das necessidades de tratamento (59,2%), apresentando-se como uma estratégia eficiente que pode ser implementada em locais que não oferecem a estrutura de um consultório odontológico.


Abstract Introduction Dental caries is still a public health problem in most industrialized countries, with a higher prevalence in the most socioeconomically vulnerable populations. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of dental caries and curative actions performed in students from 6 to 14 years of elementary school during four months of intervention. Material and method Cross-sectional study was conducted with 130 students from Sarandi / PR. To diagnose dental caries, dmft, DMFT and ICDAS II indices were used. The students received curative care according to the needs presented associated with preventive educational activities. Result The prevalence of dental caries was 70% and 83% according to the ceo-d / CPO-D and ICDAS II index, respectively. The codes for ICDAS II with thw highest prevalence were ICDAS 5 and 6 (1.57% and 3.69% respectively), while Code 4 was the least prevalent (0.30%).Most restorative treatments were performed by the ART technique (150 restorations). Ninety applications of fluoride varnish were performed on initial carious lesions. The most complex treatments were referred to the Basic Health Unit of the municipality. Of the 32 students referred, 21 attended and endodontic treatments and primary and permanent teeth extraction were performed. Conclusion The studied population has a high prevalence of caries and after four months of intervention, it was observed that ART was decisive for most treatment needs (59.2%), presenting itself as an efficient strategy that can be implemented in places that do not offer the structure of a dental office.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Prevalence , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Social Vulnerability Index , Preventive Health Services , DMF Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e125, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1100928

ABSTRACT

Abstract Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) is one of the strategies used to control dental caries; it involves hand instruments for removal of carious tissue, and restorations using high-viscosity Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC). The present controlled clinical trial aimed to evaluate the performance of low-cost GIC indicated for ART in primary teeth, compared with high-viscosity GIC, after one year of follow-up. Two-to six-year-old children with dentin caries lesions on one or two surfaces of anterior and posterior teeth were selected. The children were randomly assigned to 2 groups according to the restorative material used: G1 (control) - Ketac Molar®; G2 (experimental) - Vitro Molar®. Treatments were performed in a school setting, following the guidelines of the ART. A total of 728 restorations were performed in 243 children. Descriptive analysis and Poisson regression were applied, with a significance level of p < 0.05. After 12 months, 559 (76.8%) restorations were re-evaluated. The success rate was evaluated by the prevalence ratio (PR), associated with restorations performed in primary second molars (PR = 1.21; 95%CI = 1.03-1.42), and with small (PR = 1.35; 95%CI = 1.14-1.60) or medium cavities (PR = 1.29; 95%CI = 1.08-1.55), using Ketac Molar® material (PR= 1.07; 95%CI = 1.01-1.15), considering p < 0.05. Small or medium restorations in primary second molars performed with high-viscosity GIC (Ketac Molar®) were more successful than restorations performed with low-cost GIC indicated for ART.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous , Viscosity , Materials Testing , Poisson Distribution , DMF Index , Treatment Outcome , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. ABENO ; 19(1): 115-126, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1022702

ABSTRACT

The Science without Borders (SwB) program was created in 2011 aiming to internationalizing education in Brazil and providing highly qualified training abroad. However, in 2015, it ended the offer of scholarships for undergraduates, which allowed several opportunities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the profile of Dental undergraduate students who participated in the SwB program and their perceptions about this experience. This is an evaluative research developed with students who participated in SwB in the sandwich modality, in which the student continues being enrolled in his university of origin, while studying for period in another institution abroad. Semi structured questionnaire was developed using the GoogleDocs® digital platform, addressing the sociodemographic and academic profile of participants and aspects related to the organization and operation of the program. From 745 former SwB Dental students, 109 (14.6%) answered the questionnaire. Most of them were female (65.1%), from public institutions (89%), located in the Northeast (34.9%) and Southeast (26.6%), with proficiency in English (82.6%), and intention to become a researcher (51.4%). The fellows indicated that the program's objectives were partially fulfilled (59.63%). They considered themselves more qualified, professionally, due to the sandwich course offered by SwB. However, they pointed out several limitations: lack of organization of development institutions, use of disciplines and control and inspection mechanisms. It was possible to outline the profile of program participants, as well as to characterize the functioning of SwB for Dental students, according to their perceptions (AU).


O programa Ciência sem Fronteiras (CsF) foi criado em 2011 com o objetivo de internacionalizar a educação no Brasil e prover treinamento altamente qualificado no exterior. Entretanto, em 2015, encerrou a oferta de bolsas de estudo para alunos de graduação, que permitiam diversas oportunidades. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o perfil de graduandos de Odontologia que participaram do programa CsF e suas percepções sobre essa experiência. Tratase de uma pesquisa avaliativa desenvolvida com estudantes que participaram do CsF na modalidade sanduíche, em que o estudante continua matriculado em sua universidade de origem enquanto estuda por período em outra instituição no exterior. Um questionário semiestruturado foi desenvolvido utilizando a plataforma digital GoogleDocs®, abordando o perfil sociodemográfico e acadêmico dos participantes e aspectos relacionados à organização e ao funcionamento do programa. Dos 745 estudantes de Odontologia participantes do CsF, 109 (14,6%) responderam ao questionário. A maioria era do sexo feminino (65,1%), oriundos de instituições públicas (89%), localizadas no Nordeste (34,9%) e Sudeste (26,6%), com proficiência em inglês (82,6%) e intenção de se tornar pesquisador (51,4%). Os bolsistas indicaram que os objetivos do programa foram parcialmente cumpridos (59,63%). Consideraram-se mais qualificados, profissionalmente, devido à graduação sanduíche oferecida pelo CsF. No entanto, apontaram várias limitações: a falta de organização das instituições de fomento, de aproveitamento de disciplinas e de mecanismos de controle e inspeção. Foi possível traçar o perfil dos participantes do programa, bem como caracterizar o funcionamento do CsF para os estudantes de Odontologia, de acordo com suas percepções (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Social Conditions , Social Perception , Students, Dental , Education, Dental , International Educational Exchange , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Demographic Data
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e26, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889486

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Data about total fluoride intake in children living in a tropical semi-arid climate city is scarce, thus we conducted this study. Fifty-eight children aged two to five years, living in a Brazilian tropical city with optimally fluoridated water were selected. Dietary samples were collected using the duplicate diet method on two non-consecutive days in the children's home toothpaste was determined by subtracting the amount of fluoride recovered after brushing from the amount placed on the toothbrush. The mean total dose (SD) of fluoride intake was 0.043(0.016) mg F·kg-1·d-1, with the major (60.6%) contribution from water. The factors associated with the ingestion of fluoride from toothpaste were fluoride concentration of the toothpaste (p = 0.03) and the use of kids toothpaste (p = 0.02). The findings suggest that children have a low fluoride intake, measured by at-home meals and use of fluoride toothpaste; drinking water is the main source of fluoride ingestion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Toothpastes/chemistry , Cariostatic Agents/administration & dosage , Diet , Fluorides/administration & dosage , Reference Values , Toothbrushing/methods , Tropical Climate , Brazil , Cariostatic Agents/analysis , Fluoridation , Risk Factors , Fluorides/analysis
10.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 21: e180002, 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-958822

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Introdução: Bruxismo do sono (BS) é uma atividade muscular repetitiva cuja epidemiologia em adolescentes tem sido pouco estudada. Este estudo observacional transversal objetivou determinar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao BS em adolescentes. Metodologia: A amostra foi constituída de 594 escolares na faixa etária de 11 a 14 anos de Teresina, Piauí, Brasil. Os instrumentos de coleta dos dados foram questionário direcionado aos pais/responsáveis e exame clínico dentário. Para se verificar associação entre BS e variáveis independentes, o teste qui-quadrado de Pearson foi aplicado, bem como análise de regressão de Poisson com variância robusta, com resultados expressos em razão de prevalência (RP). Resultados: A prevalência de BS foi de 22,2%. Na análise multivariada foi observada maior prevalência de BS em adolescentes do sexo masculino (RP = 1,41; intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 1,04 - 1,89), com relato de ronco (RP = 1,39; IC95% 1,02 - 1,89) e dificuldades para dormir (RP = 1,92; IC95% 1,38 - 2,66). Conclusão: BS é uma condição frequente em adolescentes, e os fatores associados à sua prevalência foram: sexo masculino, ronco e dificuldades para dormir.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Sleep bruxism (SB) is defined as a repetitive jaw muscle activity whose epidemiology in adolescents has been little studied. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of sleep bruxism and associated factors in adolescents. Methodology: The sample consisted of 594 students aged 11 to 14 years old from Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. Self-administered questionnaire was answered by parents/caregivers and dental clinical examination was performed. Pearson's chi-squared test was used to assess the association between SB and independent variables. Poisson regression analysis with robust variance was applied, with results expressed in prevalence ratio (PR). Results: The prevalence of SB in adolescents was 22.2%. Multivariate analysis showed a higher prevalence of SB in male gender adolescents (PR = 1.41; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.89), presenting snoring (PR = 1.39; 95%CI 1.02 - 1.89) and difficulty falling asleep (PR = 1.92; 95%CI 1.38 - 2.66). Conclusion: SB is a frequent condition in adolescents, and the factors associated with its prevalence were: male sex, snoring and difficulty falling asleep.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Sleep Bruxism/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 46(3): 164-173, May-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-902645

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Severe early childhood caries is defined as the presence of any sign of decay in children younger than three years. Objective: This retrospective longitudinal observational study investigated caries and fluorosis in children with S-ECC from a city with fluoridated water. Material and method: We included children under the age of three years who followed a maternal and child dental care program between the years of 1997 and 2003. The children were divided into 2 groups: group 1 (S-ECC) and group 2 (no caries). Guardians were contacted by telephone or mail. Caregivers completed questionnaire on socio-demographic and behavioral variables. The clinical dental examinations were performed in a dental clinic to assess caries experience and dental fluorosis. Multiple linear regression was used to determine factors associated with DMFT, and multivariate analysis by multiple logistic regression was used to determine the possible independent factors associated with the occurrence of fluorosis. Result: The sample consisted of 126 patients aged 8-12 years, of whom 52.4% were male. The presence of S-ECC increased the DMFT by an average of 0.84 (p = 0.02). Both the frequency of tooth brushing and the use of standard toothpaste were protective factors from the development of caries in the permanent dentition (p <0.05). Parents who reported that their children refused to brush their teeth had 70% less chance of developing fluorosis (p = 0.02). Conclusion: The presence of S-ECC was a risk factor for the development of caries in the permanent dentition, but not for the development of fluorosis.


Introdução: Cárie severa da infância (S-ECC) é definida como a presença de qualquer sinal de cárie em crianças menores de três anos. Objetivo: Este estudo observacional longitudinal retrospectivo objetivou avaliar cárie e fluorose em crianças com S-ECC de uma cidade com água fluoretada. Material e método: Foram incluídas crianças com idade inferior a três anos acompanhadas em um programa de atendimento odontológico materno e infantil entre os anos de 1997 e 2003. As crianças foram divididas em 2 grupos: grupo 1 (S-ECC) e grupo 2 (sem cárie). Os responsáveis foram contatados por telefone ou correio. Os exames clínicos dentários foram realizados no consultório odontológico para avaliar a experiência de cárie e fluorose dentária. Regressão linear múltipla foi utilizada para determinar os fatores associados ao CPOD, e análise multivariada por regressão logística múltipla foi utilizada para determinar os possíveis fatores independentes associados com a ocorrência de fluorose. Resultado: A amostra foi composta por 126 pacientes com idade entre 8 e 12 anos, dos quais 52,4% eram do sexo masculino. A presença de S-CEC aumentou o CPOD em média de 0,84 (p = 0,02). Tanto a frequência de limpeza, uso de dentifrício padrão foram fatores de proteção para desenvolvimento de cárie na dentição permanente (p <0,05). As crianças cujos pais relataram que se recusaram a escovar os dentes tinham 70% menos chance de desenvolver fluorose (p = 0,02). Conclusão: A presença de S-ECC não foi fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de fluorose, mas foi para cárie na dentição permanente.


Subject(s)
DMF Index , Fluoridation , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Caries , Dental Offices , Fluorosis, Dental , Toothbrushing , Child , Dentifrices
12.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 46(2): 82-89, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-845612

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the knowledge and conduct of dentists of the Public Health System (Family Health Strategy – FHS) regarding Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART). Material and method: A census survey was conducted and all FHS dentists from the urban area of the city of Teresina, Piauí, Brazil were visited in their workplaces and invited to participate in this study. Data collection was carried out between July and October, 2014 through self-administered questionnaires. For statistical analysis the chi-square test with a significance level of 5% and the linear association test were applied. Result: One hundred and eighty-three professionals participated in the study (with a response rate of 89.7%), mostly women (71.0%), aged twenty to thirty-nine years (49.2%), with twenty or more years’ experience since graduation (45.9%), working only in the public service (70.5%), and with expertise in the clinical area (44.3%). Most of them believe in ART (82.7%) and 95.8% of them apply it (of those, 58.9% apply it only in public service). The professionals’ individual knowledge of ART was measured and most of them have correct information regarding the treatment. The knowledge level evaluation was significantly associated with age and time since graduation (p<0.05). Conclusion: Most of the dentistsworking in the public health system of Teresina, Piauí, Brazil have a good knowledge of and show positive behavior towardentists ART, but improvement is needed regarding the technique and its correct indication.


Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento e conduta dos Cirurgiões-Dentistas (CD) da Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) sobre o Tratamento Restaurador Atraumático (ART). Material e método: A amostra foi censitária e todos os CD da ESF da zona urbana da cidade de Teresina – PI foram visitados em seus locais de trabalho e convidados a participar do estudo. Questionários autoaplicáveis foram utilizados como técnica de coleta de dados. Para as análises estatísticas aplicou-se o teste qui-quadrado com nível de significância de 5% e o teste de associação linear. Resultado: Participaram do estudo 183 profissionais, a maioria do sexo feminino (71,0%), na faixa etária de 20 a 39 anos (49,2%), com vinte ou mais anos de formados (45,9%), que tem apenas o serviço público como vínculo empregatício (70,5%), e especialização em área clínica (44,3%). A maioria acredita no ART (82,7%) e a realiza (95,8%), apenas no serviço público (58,9%). O conhecimento individual dos profissionais sobre ART foi mensurado e a maioria apresenta informações corretas sobre o tratamento. Houve associação significativa do autorrelato de conhecimento de ART com a faixa etária, o tempo de formado e a titulação dos participantes. A avaliação do nível de conhecimento teve associação significativa com a faixa etária e tempo de formado. Conclusão: A maioria dos Cirurgiões-Dentistas da Estratégia Saúde da Família de Teresina, Piauí, Brasil possui um bom conhecimento e conduta positiva em relação ao ART, mas necessita de aprimoramento com relação à técnica e sua correta indicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chi-Square Distribution , Dental Clinics , Dentists , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment , Public Health Services
13.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 21(4): 1247-1254, Abr. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-778567

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência e a severidade de fluorose dentária em escolares de 11 a 14 anos de idade em Teresina (PI) Brasil, município de clima tropical com água de abastecimento público fluoretada. Estudo do tipo observacional transversal no qual foram avaliadas 571 crianças distribuídas nas redes pública e particular de ensino. A coleta de dados foi realizada nas unidades escolares, após recolhimento do Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido (TCLE) e questionário respondido pelos pais referentes às condições socioeconômicas e demográficas e aos hábitos de higiene bucal. O exame dentário foi realizado por um cirurgião-dentista calibrado. O índice aplicado foi o Thylstrup e Fejerskov (TF). A prevalência de fluorose foi de 77,9%, e apenas 12,5% das crianças acometidas apresentaram TF ≥ 3, grau com comprometimento estético. Os pré-molares foram os dentes mais afetados pela fluorose. Dentre os escolares com maior severidade de fluorose, 98,6% dos pertenciam à classe social mais baixa (>B2), 91,5% nasceram e sempre moraram em Teresina, 94,4% consumiam água de abastecimento fluoretada, 76% usaram dentifrício infantil e 64% as mães relataram que engoliam dentifrício. A prevalência de fluorose foi elevada, mas com baixa severidade, em indivíduos expostos à fluoretação desde o nascimento.


Abstract The scope of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis among 11 to 14-year-old schoolchildren in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil, which is a tropical city with a fluoridated public drinking water supply. It involved a cross-sectional observational study on a sample of 571 students in public and private schools. Informed Consent forms were approved for the data collection and the exams were conducted at the schools. Data were recorded on a questionnaire answered by the parents, regarding the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and oral hygiene habits of the sample. The dental exam was performed qualified dental sugeons. The Thylstrup-Fejerskov (TF) index was used. The prevalence of fluorosis was 77.9%, and only 12.5% of the affected children had TF ≥ grade 3 (with aesthetic damage). The premolars were the teeth most affected by fluorosis. Among the students with the highest severity of fluorosis, 98.6% belonged to the lowest social bracket (> B2), 91.5% were born and had always lived in Teresina, 94.4% consumed water from the fluoridated public supply, 76% used toothpaste for children and 64% of mothers reported that they swallowed toothpaste. The prevalence of fluorosis was high, though the severity was low in individuals exposed to fluoridation since birth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Fluoridation , Fluorosis, Dental/epidemiology , Tropical Climate , Water Supply , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Drinking Water , Fluorides , Prevalence
14.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 16(1): 279-287, jan.-dez. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-912453

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the oral health condition of children and adolescents victims of maltreatment housed in foster care with that of children and adolescents that have not been victims of maltreatment. Material and Methods: This is a case-control study with children and adolescents that have not been victims of maltreatment. In Group 1, the population was composed of 56 children victims of abuse housed in foster care. Group 2 was composed of an equal number of children and adolescents attending pediatric dentistry clinic at UFPI. Both groups were matched for sex and age. Data collection was divided into two phases: questionnaire application to children's parents / guardians and clinical examination of the oral cavity. The questionnaire was composed of questions about socioeconomic variables, reasons for admission in the foster care and oral health-related habits. To assess the oral health condition, epidemiological indexes dmft, DMFT and Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI) were determined and soft tissues were inspected to evaluate possible maltreatment sequelae. Results: Neglect was reported as the major cause of entry into the foster care (84%). There were no statistically significant differences between the mean dmft (p=0.240), DMFT (p=0.862) and GBI (p=0.275) values between groups evaluated. No sequelae or lesions characteristic of physical aggression were found; however, all individuals have been institutionalized for more than four months. Conclusion: Child and adolescents victims of maltreatment showed oral health condition similar to that of individuals that have not been victims of maltreatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adolescent , Age and Sex Distribution , Child , Liability, Legal , Oral Health , Oral Manifestations , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 44(5): 280-284, set.-out. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-763344

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A prevalência e a distribuição das anomalias dentárias de número variam de acordo com a população estudada. Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de anomalias dentárias de número, verificando-se a frequência com relação a gênero, localização e dentes mais acometidos. Método: Foram avaliadas 1.054 radiografias panorâmicas de pacientes com idade entre 5 e 30 anos, realizadas no período de janeiro a março de 2010, em uma clínica particular de diagnóstico por imagem de Teresina-PI. Foram registrados dados relativos a gênero, idade, presença ou ausência de anomalia, dente acometido e localização. Foram realizados os testes estatísticos Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Teste Binominal, para duas proporções. Resultado: A hipodontia, com prevalência de 4,9%, foi encontrada com mais frequência na maxila, não apresentando diferença entre os lados e os gêneros. Os dentes mais ausentes foram: incisivos laterais superiores e segundo pré-molar inferior. Em relação à hiperdontia, com prevalência de 4,0%, não foram observadas diferenças entre gêneros, lados e maxilares. As regiões com maior presença de supranumerários foram: distal dos terceiros molares e entre pré-molares inferiores. Conclusão: Foi observada prevalência de hipodontia de 4,9%, sendo mais comum na maxila, e de hiperdontia de 4%, não apresentando diferença entre maxilares, lados e gêneros.


Introduction: The prevalence and distribution of dental anomalies of number vary according to the population studied. Objective: To determine the prevalence of dental anomalies of number by assessing the frequency of hypodontia and hyperdontia regarding gender, the region of the maxila or mandible and the most affected teeth. Method: The panoramic radiographs of 1054 patients, aged 5 to 30 years, from a private diagnostic imaging clinic were evaluated. Gender, age, presence or absence of abnormality, affected teeth and region were compared. Chi-square statistical tests and Pearson Test Binominal for two proportions were carried out. Result: The prevalence of hypodontia was 4.9% and it was more frequent in the maxilla. There were no significant differences between the left and right side of the maxila or genders. The most frequently missing teeth were the maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular second premolar. The prevalence of hyperdontia was 4.0%. There were no significant differences between genders, right or left side of the maxila or mandible. The regions most frequently affected were distal to the third molars and between mandibular premolars. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypodontia was 4.9% and it was more frequent in the maxilla. The prevalence of hyperdontia was 4%. No significant differences between genders and the maxillary or mandibular region were found.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Tooth Abnormalities , Radiography, Panoramic , Chi-Square Distribution , Prevalence , Maxilla , Anodontia , Orthodontics , Patients , Tooth, Supernumerary
16.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 43(5): 326-332, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-721487

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental fluorosis is a disturbance of high prevalence caused by the ingestion of fluoride ions present mainly in toothpaste. Preventive measures to avoid it are still controversial. Thus, knowing the impact that fluorosis can cause on the population's quality of life it is important for planning public health policies. Objective: To evaluate the impact of dental fluorosis on the quality of life of children and adolescents. Material and Method: We studied 300 subjects aged 8 to 12 years divided into 4 groups: children (8-10 years) and adolescents (10 to 12 years) with and without fluorosis. The diagnosis of fluorosis was performed according to the index Thylstrup and Fejerskov and quality of life was evaluated using Child Perceptions Questionnaire 8-10 and 11-14. The socio-demographic characteristics of the patients were also evaluated. For inclusion in the sample, selected patients should present eight permanent incisors with crowns fully erupted. Patients who had extensive restorations, fractured teeth, other dental enamel defects and who wore braces were excluded. Result: Fluorosis was present in 64.7% of the patients analyzed and in most cases (80.3%) was mild or very mild. In children, the average overall score of the questionnaire was 15.9 for the group without fluorosis and 18.3 for the group with fluorosis (p = 0.255). The teenagers' score in the group without fluorosis was 26.1, while the group with fluorosis was 22.7 (p = 0.104). Conclusion: Dental fluorosis caused impact on the quality of life of the population analyzed only in the functional domain. .


Introdução: A fluorose dentária é um distúrbio de alta prevalência decorrente da ingestão de íons fluoretos. Medidas preventivas para evitá-la ainda são controversas. Assim, conhecer o impacto que a fluorose pode causar na qualidade de vida de indivíduos é importante para o planejamento de políticas públicas de saúde. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da fluorose dentária sobre a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) de crianças e adolescentes. Material e Método: Foram avaliados 300 indivíduos na faixa etária de 8 a12 anos. O diagnóstico de fluorose foi realizado segundo o índice Thylstrup e Fejerskov e a qualidade de vida foi avaliada utilizando os questionários de Percepção da Criança 8-10 e 11-14. Foram incluídos pacientes com oito incisivos permanentes com coroas totalmente irrompidase excluídos os que apresentavam restaurações extensas, dentes fraturados, outros defeitos do esmalte dentário e os que usavam aparelho ortodôntico fixo. Os dados foram analisados no programa SPSS(r) (versão 18; Chicago, IL) e realizaram-se os teste Qui-quadrado, Fisher e Mann-Whitney. Foram considerados significantes valores de p<0,05. Resultado: A prevalência de fluorose foi 64,7%, sendo os graus leve e muito leve responsáveis por 80,3% dos casos. Crianças e adolescentes não tiveram impacto na QVRSB no escore geral e domínios sintomas orais, bem-estar emocional e social (p>0,05). Entretanto, apresentaram impacto no domínio limitação funcional (p = 0,039 e 0,013) para crianças e adolescentes respectivamente). Conclusão: Foi observada associação entre fluorose e qualidade de vida apenas no domínio funcional. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Perception , Quality of Life , Chi-Square Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Health Policy , Fluorosis, Dental
17.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 42(4): 266-272, jul.-ago. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-685540

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Pediatricians are health professionals who treat the child during the first years of their life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the conduct adopted by pediatricians regarding the oral health of children. METHOD: This was a descriptive cross-sectional observational study with a sample of 100 physicians specialized in pediatrics, working in the public and private sectors. A questionnaire was used for data collection, and the pediatricians were approached in their workplaces. RESULT: Most pediatricians (69%) belong to the female gender, with an average age of 48 years, and work in both the public and private sectors of health and have over 20 years of professional experience. Regarding their level of knowledge on oral health, 59% consider it to be good and 59% said that they had not been approached about this issue during their training in pediatrics. Ninety-two percent routinely examine the oral cavity of the baby; 64% recommend the use of fluoridated toothpaste, and 66.7% direct patients to a dental appointment in the first year of life. Regarding breastfeeding at night, 55.6% do not make the association between breastfeeding and the onset of early childhood caries. Furthermore, 74.7% do not justify the associations between the eruption of the first primary teeth and systemic manifestations, and 93% contraindicate the use of a dummy. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that pediatricians have proactive attitudes with regards to oral health. However, they need more information on the importance of fluoride for the control of dental caries.


OBJETIVO: Os médicos pediatras são os profissionais de saúde que acompanham a criança ao longo dos primeiros anos de vida. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar condutas adotadas por pediatras em relação à saúde bucal de crianças. MÉTODO Trata-se de um estudo observacional transversal descritivo, com amostra constituída por 100 médicos especialistas em pediatria, atuantes em serviços público e privado. Foi utilizado questionário como instrumento de coleta de dados e os pediatras foram abordados em seus locais de trabalho. RESULTADO: A maioria dos pediatras (69%) pertence ao gênero feminino, com idade média de 48 anos, trabalham simultaneamente nos serviços de saúde público e privado, com mais de 20 anos de experiência profissional. Com relação ao nível de conhecimento em relação à saúde bucal, 59% consideraram como bom e 59% afirmaram não ter sido abordado o tema sobre saúde bucal durante a formação em pediatria. Noventa e dois por cento realizam exame da cavidade bucal do bebê como procedimento de rotina; 64% recomendam o uso de dentifrício fluoretado; 66,7% encaminham os pacientes à consulta odontológica no primeiro ano de vida. Com relação à amamentação noturna, 55,6% não fazem associação entre aleitamento materno e a instalação de cárie precoce na infância. Além disso, 74,7% não justificam associações entre irrompimento dos primeiros dentes decíduos e manifestações sistêmicas e 93% contraindicam uso de chupetas. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que os pediatras apresentam atitudes pró-ativas em relação à saúde bucal, apesar de necessitarem de maiores esclarecimentos quanto à importância dos fluoretos no controle da cárie dentária.

18.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 12(2): 391-397, abr.-jun. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-735600

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste relato foi descrever as atividades do Pró-Saúde que possibilitaram as alterações curriculares no curso de Odontologia da UFPI. Em 2007 tiveram início as atividades previstas no projeto contemplado pelo Edital do Pró-Saúde I, lançado em 2005, segundo os três eixos norteadores do programa: Orientação Teórica, Cenário de Prática e Orientação Pedagógica. Ainda em 2007 foi implantado o novo currículo, seguindo as Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais, publicadas em 2002, e a primeira turma foi formada em agosto de 2011. A principal alteração do novo currículo foi a inserção dos discentes no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) a partir do quarto semestre, quando a realidade e a prática do SUS são os objetos do ensino. Nos semestres seguintes os acadêmicos passam a vivenciar a rotina das equipes de saúde e participar efetivamente do sistema. A partir deste relato, conclui-se que, em cinco anos, o Pró-Saúde no curso de Odontologia da UFPI contribuiu efetivamente para a inserção dos acadêmicos de odontologia da UFPI no SUS, onde vivenciaram a realidade do serviço e assim conheceram as necessidades da população local e alcançaram o perfil desejado de um cirurgião-dentista, segundo as Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais.


This paper aimed at describing the Pro-Health activities that made possible curriculum changes in the dentistry course of UFPI. In 2007, the activities started as foreseen in the project contemplated by the Pro-Health I Announcement, launched in 2005 according to the three guiding axes of the program: Theoretical Guidelines, Practice Scenery and Pedagogical Guideline. In 2007, the new curriculum was implanted following the national curriculum guidelines published in 2002 and the first class graduated in August 2011. The main change of the new curriculum was the insertion of the students in the Unique Health System (SUS) from the fourth semester on when the SUS reality and practice are objects of the teaching program. In the next semesters, the academic students started experiencing the routine of the health staffs and to participle effectively of the system. From this report, the conclusion drawn is that, in five years, the Pro-Health Program in the Dentistry Course of UFPI contributed effectively for the insertion of the dentistry academic student of UFPI in the SUS by experiencing the reality of the service, learning the needs of the local population and achieving the desired profile of a surgeon-dentist, as per the national curriculum guidelines.


El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las actividades del Pro-Salud que permitieron los cambios en el curso de odontología de la UFPI. En 2007, empezaron las actividades previstas en el proyecto contemplado en el Anuncio del Pro-Salud I, lanzado en 2005 según los tres ejes guías del programa: Orientación Teórica, Configuración de Prácticas y Orientación Pedagógica. En 2007, se implementó el nuevo plan de estudios, siguiendo los lineamientos curriculares nacionales, publicados en 2002, y la primera clase se graduó en agosto de 2011. El principal cambio del plan de estudios fue la inclusión de los estudiantes en el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) a partir del cuarto semestre, cuando la realidad y la práctica del SUS son objetos de la enseñanza. En los siguientes semestres, los estudiantes académicos comienzan a experimentar la rutina de los equipos de salud y a participar eficazmente del sistema. A partir de este informe, se concluye que, en cinco años, el Pro-Salud en el Curso de Odontología de la UFPI ha contribuido eficazmente para la inclusión del académico de odontología de la UFPI en el SUS, experimentando así la realidad del servicio, conociendo las necesidades de la población local y logrando alcanzar el perfil deseado de un cirujano-dentista, de acuerdo con los lineamientos curriculares nacionales.


Subject(s)
Curriculum , Dentistry , Teaching , Unified Health System
19.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 18(2): 471-480, Fev. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-662905

ABSTRACT

Este estudo transversal avaliou o perfil dos cirurgiões-dentistas (CD) que trabalham na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) e a partir deste, refletiu sobre aspectos do desenvolvimento das ações odontológicas na atenção primária em saúde, de municípios de um colegiado do processo de regionalização sanitária do estado do Piauí, Brasil. O estudo abrangeu os dezenove municípios do referido colegiado. No período de agosto a dezembro de 2008, foram aplicados questionários a 111 CD, que aceitaram participar do estudo e trabalhavam no respectivo território. Os dados foram transferidos para o programa Excel®, tabulados e analisados. Os CD avaliados foram predominantemente do gênero feminino, com idade entre 20-39 anos, tempo de formado entre um a cinco anos. Eles possuem, em sua maioria, curso de especialização em área clínica. A maioria faz visitas domiciliares, mas sem a presença da equipe, com baixa periodicidade e raramente reúne-se com esta. Os resultados apontam problemas que provavelmente são encontrados em outras realidades do território nacional. A tendência do CD à não interdisciplinaridade é questão ainda em aberto, quando examinado o papel da odontologia e sua potencialmente inquestionável participação na estratégia saúde da família.


The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess the professional profile of dental-surgeons (DS) who work in the Family Health Strategy (FHS), and on the basis of this reflect upon aspects of the development of dental actions in primary health care in municipalities of a health region of the state of Piauí (Brazil) The study covered the nineteen municipalities of the region. The sample consisted of 111 dentists and data was collected using a questionnaire from August to December 2008. An Excel Ò database was created for the statistical analysis. The dentists were predominantly female, aged 20-39 years, with one to five years of professional experience. Most of them are specialists in a clinical field of dentistry and make home care visits. However, these visits are infrequent and without a health team and they rarely meet with the health team to compare notes. The results indicate that the problems that were detected are likely to be the same in other regions of the country. The lack of an interdisciplinary professional approach among DS is an issue to be properly addressed when examining the role of dentistry and its potentially unquestionable participation in the family health strategy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dental Health Services , Dentistry , Family Health , Oral Health , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
Ortho Sci., Orthod. sci. pract ; 6(22): 164-169, 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-729325

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o conhecimento de ortodontistas quanto aos principais aspectos legais relacionados ao exercício da Ortodontia que podem ser utilizados como importantes instrumentos de defesa em caso de ação ética e/ou judicial. Neste estudo transversal e descritivo, dos 46 cirurgiões dentistas inscritos no Conselho Regional de Odontologia do Piauí como especialistas em Ortodontia ou Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial, 25 (54,3%) concordaram em participar da pesquisa. Um questionário fechado abordando os aspectos éticos e legais da Ortodontia foi respondido e os dados analisados no programa Excel. Os resultados mostraram que os profissionais avaliados estão sujeitos a problemas judiciais futuros. Foi observado o desconhecimento de termos tais como obrigação de meios, obrigação de resultados e inversão do ônus da prova. Houve grande divergência entre os profissionais em relação ao tempo de arquivamento da documentação ortodôntica. Apesar de todos os especialistas terem cursado disciplina de ética e legislação, há a necessidade de aprofundarem seus conhecimentos em relação ao tema para uma prática clínica mais segura.


This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of orthodontists about the main legal issues related to the practice of orthodontics that can be used as important instruments of defense on cases of lawsuit. At this crosssectional and descriptive study, from the 46 dentists enrolled in the Regional Council of Dentistry of Piauí as specialists in Orthodontics or Facial Orthopedics and Orthodontics, 25 (54,3%) have agreed to join the research. A closed questionnaire addressing the ethical and legal aspects of orthodontics was filled and the data analyzed using Microsoft Excel. The results showed that the studied population is a possible target for future law suits. It was observed a lack of knowledge regarding some important terms, such as: obligation of means, obligation of results and reversal of the burden of proof. There was great disagreement among professionals regarding the time of storage of orthodontic documentation. Even after all the experts reported to have attended the discipline of legal ethics, it is necessary to reinforce their knowledge about this subject for a safer clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Damage Liability , Forensic Dentistry , Orthodontics
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