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1.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1333-1339, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818039

ABSTRACT

Mammals exposured to high volume fractional oxygen (hyperoxygen) are prone to go under oxidative stress, and activating inflammatory cells in the lung produce cytotoxic reactive oxygen species directly or indirectly, activate complex signaling pathways and epigenetic factors, causing lung epithelial cells and endothelial cell damage and death. In the hyperoxia-induced lung injury-related signaling pathways, the current research includes MAPK pathway, P13K/Akt pathway, TGF-β related pathway, NF-κB pathway, Wnt pathway, Rho/Rock pathway, Notch pathway, Shh pathway, AngⅡ-P22phox-ROS pathway, Src pathway and so on. This review summarizes the research of these signaling pathways in hyperoxia-induced lung injury.

2.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 43-47, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702882

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effect of laparoscopic and open surgery in treatment of rectal cancer. Methods 80 cases of patients with rectal cancer from May 2008 to May 2013 were selected, they were randomly divided into laparoscopy surgery group (n = 40) and open surgery group (n = 40), the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, length of incision, lymph node dissection, number for the first time, ventilation time, ambulation time, hospitalization time, cost of hospitalization, postoperative complications, treatment satisfaction of the two groups were statistically analyzed. Results The operation time of the laparoscopic surgery group was significantly longer (P < 0.05), the amount of bleeding was significantly less (P < 0.05), the incision length was significantly shorter (P < 0.05), the first time, ventilation time, ambulation time, hospitalization time were significantly shorter (P < 0.05), the hospitalization cost was significantly higher (P < 0.05), the rate of postoperative complications 15.0% (6/40) was significantly lower than the open surgery group 35.0% (14/40) (P < 0.05) 97.5% (39/40), the treatment satisfaction was significantly higher than the open surgery group 67.5% (27/40)(P < 0.05). Conclusion The effect of laparoscopic and open surgery in treatment of rectal cancer is better than open surgery.

3.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6): 102-106, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692121

ABSTRACT

Objective:Our study was aimed to analyze the therapeutic effect of early sequential enteral nutrition on postoperative rehabilitation in patients with gastric cancer.Methods:Patients with gastric cancer receiving surgery at our hospital from 2016 to 2017 included and the clinical information was prospective collected and analyzed.Patients were randomly divided into two groups using random number table.Patients in group A were sequentially given amino acid type,short peptide type and then whole protein type,while those in group B received whole protein formulation only.The recovery of gastrointestinal function,postoperative systemic inflammatory response,six-minutes walking test,and enteral nutrition-related complications were compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 71 patients were included in this study (Group A 36 cases,Group B 35 cases).There was no significant difference in terms of the restart anal exhaust between the two groups (P > 0.05).Patients in group A had a significantly shorter postoperative hospitalization (t =4.070;P < 0.01) and the earlier restoration of oral intake than that of Group B (t =3.400;P =0.001).One week after surgery,the levels of CRP (t =2.547;P =0.013) and IL-6 (t =3.172;P =0.002) were significant lower in group A when compared with group B.In addition,patients in group A had a significant higher six minutes walk steps than those in Group B [(416.1 + 36.7) m vs (358.9 ± 32.7) m;t =6.927,P < 0.01].However,no significant difference in enteral nutrition-related complications was found between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion:In patients with gastric cancer,early sequential enteral nutrition can effectively accelerate the postoperative rehabilitation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702133

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between CYP 2C19 gene polymorphisms and clopidogrel efficacy in coronary heart disease patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods From January 2016 to December 2017,62 patients with acute coronary syndromes and treated with PCI in Guizhou Aerospace Hospital were recruited, CYP2C19 genotype, ADP -induced platelet aggregation rate and myocardial enzymes and other indicators were detected before operation .The myocardial enzymes were measured 24 hours after PCI.According to different metabolic types,the patients were grouped,the above indicators were compared.Results The CYP2C19*1/*1 was 37.10%,CYP2C19*1/*2 was 35.48%,CYP2C19*1/*3 was 11.29%,CYP2C19*2/*2 was 12.90%,CYP2C19*2/*3 was 3.23% and CYP2C19*3/*3 was 0.00%.The LDH,AST,CK,CK-MB and α-HBDH in the PCI patients after operation were significantly higher than those before operation (t=0.019,0.040, 0.044,0.022,0.014,all P<0.05).But ADP induced platelet aggregation rate and myocardial enzymes and other indicators among fast metabolism group,intermediate metabolic group and slow metabolic group had no statistically significant differences (all P >0.05).Conclusion CYP2C19 mutation frequency in the Chinese population is relatively large,the sample size of this study is less ,the relationship between clopidogrel resistance and the specific genotype can not be obtained ,it need to increase the sample size and comprehensive multi -factor consideration .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230402

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) combined with artificial dermis for treatment of the ankle and foot soft tissue defects.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 15 patients with skin and soft tissue defect of ankle and foot were treated from January 2011 to December 2013, including 10 males and 5 females, with an average age of 32.5 years old ranging from 3 to 55 years old, involving 8 cases by traffic accident, 2 cases by machine accident, 5 cases by crush injury;8 cases with soft tissue exposure, 2 cases with tendor exposure, 5 cases with bone exposure. VSD was used to cover the wounds and continuous negative pressure drainage after debridement, the wounds covered with artificial dermis after the second granulation tissue grew well, again VSD was used to cover the wounds and negative pressure suction was applied, after 7 to 14 days negative pressure closed drainage was removed, free skin graft was transplanted above the artificial dermis, sterile gauze was used to compression bandage.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All cases were followed up for 3 to 14 months with an average of 6.5 months. Skin graft of 15 of patients survived after transplantation, artificial dermis graft interval was 7 to 14 days with an average of 9.5 days. There was no obvious scar hyperplasia and contracture, no obvious pigmentation, appearance and functional recovery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>After the implantation of artificial dermis and traditional skin graft method need for 2 to 3 weeks, vacuum sealing drainage technique combined with artificial dermis in treatment of soft tissue defect of foot and ankle skin has advantages of simple operation, significantly shorten the time of the second phase of the skin, without flap to repair, little injury to donor skin area, wound healing quality high, clinical effect of satisfaction.</p>

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1144-1147,1148, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604464

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of noble dendrobium polysaccharides ( NDP ) on lipopo-lysaccharide ( LPS)-induced neuron injuries in newborn rat cerebral cortex glial cells and neuron mixed cul-tures.Methods The primary cultures of newborn rat cortical neurons and glial cells were established and the existence of the neurons , astrocytes and microglia was verified respectively .NDP was given to LPS-induced mixed cultures , the mRNA levels of IL-1β, TNF-αand COX-2 were assayed by real time PCR .Results NDP reduced the glial cell activation and neuron dam-age after it was given to LPS-induced mixed cultures . The mRNA levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, COX-2 were re-duced .Conclusion NDP protects against LPS-in-duced neuron-inflammation in neurons and glial cells cultures.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315923

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and the pathological changes in the carotid artery after periodontal mechanical therapy with local and systemic drugs in SD rats with chronic periodontitis (CP) associated with atherosclerosis (As).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five SD rats were randomly divided into two groups: control group (group A) and CP+As group (group B). Group B was further divided into the natural process group (B1), the periodontal mechanical treatment group (B2), the periodontal mechanical treatment plus local drugs group (B3), and the periodontal mechanical treatment plus local and systemic drugs group (B4). Each group comprised seven rats. Serum hsCRP levels were evaluated at baseline 1 week after the first periodontal therapy and 1, 3, and 5 weeks after the second periodontal therapy by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The pathological lesion in the carotid artery plaque was stained with hematine and eosin.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of serum hsCRP in group B1 increased gradually as time passed and became significantly higher than that of the other groups five weeks after periodontal therapy (P < 0.001). The levels of serum hsCRP in groups B2, B3, and B4 increased gradually and reached the peak 1 week after the second periodontal therapy. After that, the levels of serum hsCRP decreased gradually but were still higher than that of group A (P < 0.05). The levels of serum hsCRP in groups B3 and B4 were significantly lower than that in group B2 3 and 5 weeks after the second periodontal therapy (P < 0.001). Histologic sections revealed increased foam cell infiltration and disordered and destructed elastic fibers in groups B1 and B2. The thickness of the blood vessels in groups B3 and B4 was more uniform than that in groups B1 and B2. The elastic fibers in groups B3 and B4 were lined up in order.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Direct periodontal mechanical treatment results in acute, short-term, systemic inflammation and might increase the risk of atherosclerosis in SD rats. However, the levels of serum hsCRP decreased gradually 3 to 5 weeks after therapy. With periodontal mechanical treatment, the benefits of local and systemic drugs are associated with improvement in atherosclerotic lesion progression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Atherosclerosis , C-Reactive Protein , Carotid Arteries , Chronic Periodontitis , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789489

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The gut is capable of inducing multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). In the diagnosis and treatment of critical ill patients, doctors should pay particular attention to the protection or recovery of intestinal barrier function. However, no reliable diagnostic criteria are available clinically. This study aimed to assess the changes of intestinal mucosal barrier function in surgically critical ill patients as well as their significance. METHODS: Thirty-eight surgically critical ill patients were enrolled as a study group (APACHE II>8 scores), and 15 non-critical ill patients without intestinal dysfunction were selected as a control group (APACHE II<6). General information, symptoms, physical signs, and APACHE II scores of the patients were recorded. The patients in the study group were subdivided into an intestinal dysfunction group (n=26) and a non-intestinal dysfunction group (n=12). Three ml venous blood was collected from the control group on admission and the same volume of plasma was collected from the study group both on admission and in the period of recovery. The plasma concentrations of endotoxin, diamine oxidase (DAO), D-lactate, and intestinal fatty-acid binding protein (iFABP) were detected respectively. The data collected were analyzed by the SPSS 17.0 software for Windows. RESULTS: The levels of variables were significantly higher in the study group than in the control group (P<0.01). They were higher in the intestinal dysfunction group than in the non-intestinal dysfunction group (DAO P<0.05, endotoxin, D-lactate, iFABP P<0.01). In the non-intestinal dysfunction group compared with the control group, the level of endotoxin was not significant (P>0.05), but the levels of DAO, D-lactate and iFABP were statistically significant (P<0.05). The levels of variables in acute stage were higher than those in recovery stage (P<0.01).The death group showed higher levels of variables than the survival group (endotoxin and D-lactate P<0.01, DAO and iFABP P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The plasma concentrations of endotoxin, DAO, D-lactate, and intestinal fatty-acid binding protein (iFABP) could reflect a better function of the intestinal mucosa barrier in surgically critical ill patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676095

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the early diagnostic marker and mechanism of the injury of in- testinal mucosal barrier induced by intestinal ischemia-reperfusion in rats.Methods Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups:the sham operation group(SO),the ischemia 15 minutes group(A),the ischemia 45 minutes group(B),the ischemia 45 minutes plus reperfusion 2 hours group (C),the ischemia 45 minutes plus reperfusion 6 hours group(D),and the ischemia 45 minutes plus reperfusion 12 hours group(E).Using clamping and then releasing superior mesenteric artery the model of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion in rats was made.The sham operation group only underwent laparotomy. At different time points after ischemia and reperfusion the levels of serum CK,LDH,D-lactate and intes- tinal fatty acid binding protein(IFABP)in each group were examined.The morphological changes of in- testinal tissues were observed with light microscopy.Results Compared with group SO,the level of se- rum IFABP in group A was(374.74?48.85)pg/ml,significantly higher(P<0.01),but the level of CK,LDH and D-lactate had no significant difference(all P>0.05).In group B,the level of CK was (1090.40?187.51)u/L,peaking at 45 minutes after ischemia,meanwhile,D-lactate and IFABP levels were significantly increased(P<0.01,respectively).In group C,D-lactate and IFABP were (2.51?0.19)?g/ml and (1601.42?286.81 )pg/ml,respectively,peaking at 2 hours after reperfusion (P<0.01).At 6 hours after reperfusion,compared with ischemia 45 minutes,CK level was significantly de- creased(P<0.01),LDH had no significant difference(P>0.05),but the levels of D-lactate and IF- ABP were(2.03?0.24)?g/ml and(1443.76?174.52)pg/ml,respectively,all sustained a high lev- el(P<0.01 ).At 12 hours after reperfusion,D-lactate and IFABP levels were gradually decreased(P<0.01).At 45 minutes after ischemia the morphological changes of intestinal mucosa could be observed. At 6 hours after reperfusion part of the mucous layer appeared necrotic,some intestinal mucosal cells shed to enteric cavity,and submucous layer had hyperemia and edema obviously.Injury scores of intestinal mucosa were significantly correlated to the serum level of D-lactate and IFABP,correlation coefficients were 0.456,0.612(P<0.01).Conclusion The monitoring of serum IFABP combined with D-lac- tate is a early,sensitive and specific biochemical marker in the diagnosis of intestinal mucosal barrier in- jury after ischemia-reperfusion.

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