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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762684

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The combination of indocyanine green and methylene blue (ICG + MB) was reported to be an efficient tracer method in sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). However, whether this method is superior to MB only or carbon nanoparticles (CN) is controversial. This study was to evaluate the efficacy of the three methods in SLNB for breast cancer, and to analyze its influencing factors. METHODS: One hundred eighty patients with early breast cancer were recruited and randomly divided into 3 groups. Each group comprising of 60 patients with SLNB using ICG + MB, MB, and CN, respectively. Then the 3 groups were compared in detection rate, mean number of SLNs, and the detection rates and number of metastatic sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs). RESULTS: The detection rate of SLNs was 100% (60 of 60) in ICG + MB group, 96.7% (58 of 60), and 98.3% (59 of 60) in MB and CN group, respectively, with no significant difference (P = 0.362). Totally, 204 SLNs (mean ± standard deviation [SD] [range], 3.4 ± 1.4 [2–8]) were detected in ICG + MB group, 102 (1.7 ± 0.7 [0–3]) and 145 (2.4 ± 0.7 [0–6]) in MB and CN group, indicating significant difference (P < 0.001). The detection rate of metastatic SLN was 23.3% (14 of 60) in ICG + MB group, which was higher than 18.3% (11 of 60) and 20% (11 of 60) in MB and CN group, respectively, but showed no statistical significance (P = 0.788). CONCLUSION: ICG + MB method was superior to MB only and CN only methods in the mean number of SLNs, thus predicting axillary lymph node metastasis more accurately. Therefore, in areas where the standard method is not available, ICG + MB may be more suitable as an alternative tracer for SLNB.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carbon , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Lymph Nodes , Methods , Methylene Blue , Nanoparticles , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
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