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1.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 935-941, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000153

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is considered an effective treatment for knee osteoarthritis, it carries risks of complications. With a growing number of TKAs performed on older patients, understanding the cause of mortality is crucial to enhance the safety of TKA. This study aimed to identify the major causes of short- and long-term mortality after TKA and report mortality trends for major causes of death. @*Methods@#A total of 4,124 patients who underwent TKA were analyzed. The average age at surgery was 70.7 years. The average follow-up time was 73.5 months. The causes of death were retrospectively collected through Korean Statistical Information Service and classified into 13 subgroups based on the International Classification of Diseases-10 code. The short- and long-term causes of death were identified within the time-to-death intervals of 30, 60, 90, 180, 180 days, and > 180 days. Standard mortality ratios (SMRs) and cumulative incidence of deaths were computed to examine mortality trends after TKA. @*Results@#The short-term mortality rate was 0.07% for 30 days, 0.1% for 60 days, 0.2% for 90 days, and 0.2% for 180 days. Malignant neoplasm and cardiovascular disease were the main short-term causes of death. The long-term (> 180 days) mortality rate was 6.2%. Malignant neoplasm (35%), others (11.7%), and respiratory disease (10.1%) were the major long-term causes of death.Men had a higher cumulative risk of death for respiratory, metabolic, and cardiovascular diseases. Age-adjusted mortality was significantly higher in TKA patients aged 70 years (SMR, 4.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.3–5.4) and between 70 and 79 years (SMR 2.9; 95% CI, 2.5–3.5) than that in the general population. @*Conclusions@#The short-term mortality rate after TKA was low, and most of the causes were unrelated to TKA. The major causes of long-term death were consistent with previous findings. Our findings can be used as counseling data to understand the survival and mortality of TKA patients.

2.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 581-588, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000150

ABSTRACT

Background@#Little is known about the relationship between implant material and periprosthetic bone mineral density (pBMD) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to investigate the change in pBMD after TKA and to compare pBMD changes between two different implant materials. @*Methods@#A prospective matched-pair case-control study was conducted on 29 patients who underwent bilateral TKAs. The participants were randomly allocated to undergo cemented TKAs with a titanium nitride (TiN)-coated implant on one knee (TiN group) and a cobalt-chromium (CoCr) implant on the other knee (CoCr group). The pBMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans before surgery and at 1 and 2 years after surgery. The results were then compared between the two groups. The pBMDs at longer follow-ups (> 2 years) were estimated using simple radiographs (pBMDe). @*Results@#At 2 years after surgery, the pBMD significantly decreased in both groups at medial metaphysis of the tibia and anterior portion of the distal femur (all p < 0.001). The CoCr group showed a larger decrease in pBMD than did the TiN group in the medial and anterior metaphysis of the proximal tibia (p = 0.003 and p = 0.046, respectively). The pBMDe was significantly higher in the TiN group at the anterior portion of the distal femur 7 years after surgery (p = 0.019). @*Conclusions@#The pBMD significantly decreased 2 years after TKA in certain regions regardless of the implant material used. However, the decrease was significantly less in the TiN group in specific regions of the tibia and femur. The TiN implant was beneficial in preserving the periprosthetic bone stock after TKA.

3.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 227-235, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924871

ABSTRACT

Background@#Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) continues to be the popular treatment for meniscal tears, but recent randomized controlled trials have questioned its efficacy. To provide more evidence-based criteria for patient selection, we undertook this study to identify prognostic factors associated with clinical failure after APM for medial meniscus tears. @*Methods@#Medical records of 160 patients followed up for at least 5 years after APM for medial meniscal tears were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data (age, sex, and body mass index), radiographic variables (Kellgren-Lawrence [K-L] grade and hip-knee-ankle [HKA] angle), and clinical scores (International Knee Documentation Committee score, Tegner activity scale score, Lysholm score, and Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score) were recorded. Clinical failure was defined as the need for an additional surgical procedure (arthroscopy, osteotomy, or arthroplasty) or the presence of intolerable pain. Survivorship analysis with clinical failure as an end point was performed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Factors related to clinical failure were analyzed using a Cox proportional hazard model. Cutoff values were determined using areas under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Radiographic progression of osteoarthritis was analyzed using the chi-square test, and serial changes of clinical scores were analyzed using a linear mixed model. @*Results@#Clinical success rates were 95.7% at 5 years, 75.6% at 10 years, and 46.3% at 15 years. Age, HKA angle, and K-L grade (p = 0.01, p = 0.02, and p = 0.04, respectively) were found to be significant risk factors of clinical failure. Cutoff values at 10 years postoperatively as determined by ROC analysis were 50 years for age (sensitivity = 0.778, 1-specificity = 0.589), grade 2 for K-L grade (sensitivity = 0.778, 1-specificity = 0.109), and 5.5° for HKA angle (sensitivity = 0.667, 1-specificity = 0.258). In patients who had clinical success until 10 years after APM, radiological osteoarthritis progressed gradually. However, the clinical scores of patients who achieved clinical success did not decrease significantly over the 10-year follow-up. @*Conclusions@#The poor prognostic factors found to be related to clinical failure after APM for a medial meniscal tear were patient age (≥ 50 years), preoperative K-L grade (≥ grade 2), and preoperative HKA angle (≥ varus 5.5°).

4.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 800-805, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969041

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The purpose of this study was to examine the benefits of ultrasonography performed by a surgeon rather than a radiologist.Subjects and Method This retrospective study enrolled 122 cases of ultrasonography performed by a head and neck surgeon and 116 cases of the same examination performed by a radiologist before surgery. The time intervals between the first visit and surgery were compared in both groups. @*Results@#The average waiting time for surgery after the first hospital visit was significantly reduced when a surgeon performed the ultrasound examination. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in sampling inadequacy rate on thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA) between FNA performed by a head and neck surgeon and a radiologist. @*Conclusion@#Surgeons can utilize ultrasound as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in an office-based setting. For patients, diagnosis and treatment provided by a single doctor will lead to more efficient outcomes.

5.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 906-913, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920169

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) is the second common thyroid cancer which comprises about 10% of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Hurthle cell carcinoma (HCC) is a relatively rare disease that has been classified as a subtype of FTC. However, there have been insufficient reports about these two similar thyroid cancers in South Korea due to low incidences. This study aims to present clinical features and evaluate prognostic factors of FTC and HCC.Subjects and Method We reviewed data of 189 FTC and 12 HCC patients who underwent surgery in our center from January 2000 to December 2020. Variables such as clinical characteristics, surgical method, pathologic result, post-operative treatment, survival rate and prognostic factors were included in our study. @*Results@#As for age, 67.2% of patients in FTC group and 33.3% of patients in HCC group were older than 55 years-old (p=0.017). The average tumor sizes of FTC and HCC were 2.98 and 3.1 cm, respectively. The 10-year overall survival rates of FTC and HCC were 96.5% and 100%, respectively. The 10-year disease free survival rates of FTC and HCC were 89.1% and 91.7%, respectively. Subclassification (widely invasive: p=0.036) and initial distant metastasis (p<0.001) were significant prognostic factors in FTC. @*Conclusion@#This study will be helpful for diagnosis and treatment of FTC and HCC, which are relatively rare.

6.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 568-575, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920155

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The purpose of this study is to compare diagnostic outcome and safety of fine needle aspiration (FNA) and core needle biopsy (CNB) in patients with cervical lymphadenopathy. Subjects and Method This retrospective studies were conducted on 164 cases with cervical lymphadenopathy that had undergone FNA, and 44 cases that had undergone CNB. The cytopathological results from FNA and CNB were compared with the histopathological results confirmed by excisional biopsy in the nodes according to different sizes and radiological levels, respectively. Diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy were evaluated according to disease entities. @*Results@#FNA is more accurate than CNB in most of the sizes and at all cervical levels. However, there is no statistically significant difference between the results of the two tests. Sensitivity and NPV for diagnosis of malignant lymphoma are higher with FNA than with CNB. However, specificity and PPV for malignant lymphoma are higher with CNB than with FNA. Also CNB showed superior sensitivity, PPV and NPV for metastatic lymphadenopathy. @*Conclusion@#Although CNB is beneficial in reducing the false negative rate, it still has several limitations. Since CNB has no statistically significant advantage over FNA, FNA can be a good alternative method with less complication and high diagnostic value for lesions where CNB is difficult to perform.

7.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 1-13, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919990

ABSTRACT

Considerable progress on anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery has been made over the past 20 years, and the results have improved significantly. An anatomical understanding of the anterior cruciate ligament has also changed, and the surgical technique has also changed accordingly. The double-bundle concept is still valid, but the ribbon-shaped anterior cruciate ligament concept, including direct fiber and indirect fiber, is gradually replacing it. The isometry point theory no longer exists, and various surgical methods, such as single-bundle anatomical reconstruction, double-bundle reconstruction, remnant preservation, and rectangular tunnel technique, are being performed. Regarding the graft, interest in the bone-patellar tendon-bone, patellar tendon, quadriceps tendon, and allogeneic tendon change over time, and this change is ongoing.

8.
Journal of Audiology & Otology ; : 80-88, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914770

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Non-linear frequency compression (NLFC) technology compresses and shifts higher frequencies into a lower frequency area that has better residual hearing. Because consonants are uttered in the high-frequency area, NLFC could provide better speech understanding. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effectiveness of NLFC technology on the perception of speech and music in patients with high-frequency hearing loss. @*Subjects and Methods@#Twelve participants with high-frequency hearing loss were tested in a counter-balanced order, and had two weeks of daily experience with NLFC set on/off prior to testing. Performance was repeatedly evaluated with consonant tests in quiet and noise environments, speech perception in noise, music perception and acceptableness of sound quality rating tasks. Additionally, two questionnaires (the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit and the Korean version of the International Outcome Inventory-Hearing Aids) were administered. @*Results@#Consonant and speech perception improved with hearing aids (NLFC on/off conditions), but there was no significant difference between NLFC on and off states. Music perception performances revealed no notable difference among unaided and NLFC on and off states. The benefits and satisfaction ratings between NLFC on and off conditions were also not significantly different, based on questionnaires, however great individual variability preferences were noted. @*Conclusions@#Speech perception as well as music perception both in quiet and noise environments was similar between NLFC on and off states, indicating that real world benefits from NLFC technology may be limited in Korean adult hearing aid users.

9.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 482-490, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914102

ABSTRACT

Background@#The Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) is a newly developed patient-reported outcome measure designed to evaluate clinical outcome after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The FJS is known as a sensitive test with a low ceiling effect. It has been recently translated into many languages. However, no study has reported the validity or reliability of a Korean version of the FJS (K-FJS). Thus, the purpose of this study was to address this issue. @*Methods@#According to guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation, translation of the English version of the FJS was performed. After obtaining a license from the original developer, 150 patients who had undergone TKA at more than 1 year to less than 5 years ago completed the K-FJS, visual analog scale, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), and the 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) health survey. To measure test-retest reliability, the K-FJS was completed twice by telephone survey for 100 patients. Responsiveness was retrospectively calculated based on a survey of 50 patients at 3 months and 1 year after surgery. @*Results@#The K-FJS exhibited an excellent reliability (Cronbach's α, 0.967; intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.958; 95% confidence interval, 0.930–0.974). The ceiling effect of the K-FJS was 8.7% (n = 13), which was lower than the WOMAC's ceiling effect (10%).There was no floor effect. The correlation coefficients with WOMAC and SF-36 (physical function) were 0.708 and 0.682, respectively, indicating good construct validity. However, its correlation with mental health subscale of SF-36 was low (r = 0.143). At 3 to 12 months after TKA, the standardized response mean (SRM) was 0.67, which was lower than the SRM of WOMAC (1.03) obtained in the same period. The K-FJS demonstrated strong measurement properties in terms of good construct validity and reliability. @*Conclusions@#This study suggests that the K-FJS is an excellent instrument that can be used to monitor clinical outcomes after TKA. Using this standardized K-FJS, it would be possible for medical institutions to share more accurate clinical results.

10.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 831-840, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904115

ABSTRACT

Background@#Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) plays an essential role in maintaining cartilage homeostasis. TGFβ1 is known to upregulate anabolic processes in articular cartilage, but the role of TGFβ1 in chondrocyte catabolism remains unclear. Thus, we examined whether TGFβ1 increases catabolic processes in the osteoarthritic joint via transglutaminase 2 (TG2). In this study, we investigated whether interplay between TGFβ1 and TG2 mediates chondrocyte catabolism and cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis. @*Methods@#To investigate the role of TGFβ1 and TG2 in osteoarthritis, we performed immunostaining to measure the levels of TGFβ1 and TG2 in 6 human non-osteoarthritic and 16 osteoarthritic joints. We conducted quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis to investigate the relationship between TGFβ1 and TG2 in chondrocytes and determined whether TG2 regulates the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13, type II, and type X collagen. We also examined the extent of cartilage degradation after performing anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) and destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) surgery in TG2 knock-out mice. @*Results@#We confirmed the overexpression of TGFβ1 and TG2 in human osteoarthritic cartilage compared with non-osteoarthritic cartilage. TGFβ1 treatment significantly increased the expression of TG2 via p38 and ERK activation. TGFβ1-induced TG2 also elevated the level of MMP-13 and type X collagen via NF-κB activation in chondrocytes. Cartilage damage after ACLT and DMM surgery was less severe in TG2 knock-out mice compared with wild-type mice. @*Conclusion@#TGFβ1 modulated catabolic processes in chondrocytes in a TG2-dependent manner. TGFβ1-induced TG2 might be the therapeutic target for treating cartilage degeneration and osteoarthritis.

11.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 831-840, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896411

ABSTRACT

Background@#Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) plays an essential role in maintaining cartilage homeostasis. TGFβ1 is known to upregulate anabolic processes in articular cartilage, but the role of TGFβ1 in chondrocyte catabolism remains unclear. Thus, we examined whether TGFβ1 increases catabolic processes in the osteoarthritic joint via transglutaminase 2 (TG2). In this study, we investigated whether interplay between TGFβ1 and TG2 mediates chondrocyte catabolism and cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis. @*Methods@#To investigate the role of TGFβ1 and TG2 in osteoarthritis, we performed immunostaining to measure the levels of TGFβ1 and TG2 in 6 human non-osteoarthritic and 16 osteoarthritic joints. We conducted quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis to investigate the relationship between TGFβ1 and TG2 in chondrocytes and determined whether TG2 regulates the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13, type II, and type X collagen. We also examined the extent of cartilage degradation after performing anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) and destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) surgery in TG2 knock-out mice. @*Results@#We confirmed the overexpression of TGFβ1 and TG2 in human osteoarthritic cartilage compared with non-osteoarthritic cartilage. TGFβ1 treatment significantly increased the expression of TG2 via p38 and ERK activation. TGFβ1-induced TG2 also elevated the level of MMP-13 and type X collagen via NF-κB activation in chondrocytes. Cartilage damage after ACLT and DMM surgery was less severe in TG2 knock-out mice compared with wild-type mice. @*Conclusion@#TGFβ1 modulated catabolic processes in chondrocytes in a TG2-dependent manner. TGFβ1-induced TG2 might be the therapeutic target for treating cartilage degeneration and osteoarthritis.

12.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 615-619, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920059

ABSTRACT

Hurthle cell carcinoma (HCC) is a relatively rare disease, which comprises about 3% of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. HCC is considered to have more aggressive clinical behavior compared with other differentiated thyroid carcinoma. However, there has been no consensus about clinical behavior and optimal treatment of HCC because of insufficient reports. Moreover, owing to geographical characteristics, HCC is rarer in Korea than in western countries. Based on 2017 World Health Organization classification, HCC is newly classified as an individual group, not as a subtype of follicular thyroid carcinoma. Therefore, we report data of 12 HCC patients who underwent surgery in our center from January 2000 to May 2020 with a review of the literature.

13.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 150-157, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763699

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression is recommended for patients who undergo thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). However, the impact of TSH suppression on clinical outcomes in low-risk DTC remains uncertain. Therefore, we investigated the effects of postoperative TSH levels on recurrence in patients with low-risk DTC after thyroid lobectomy. METHODS: Patients (n=1,528) who underwent thyroid lobectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma between 2000 and 2012 were included in this study. According to the mean and dominant TSH values during the entire follow-up period or 5 years, patients were divided into four groups (<0.5, 0.5 to 1.9, 2.0 to 4.4, and ≥4.5 mIU/L). Recurrence-free survival was compared among the groups. RESULTS: During the 5.6 years of follow-up, 21 patients (1.4%) experienced recurrence. Mean TSH levels were within the recommended low-normal range (0.5 to 1.9 mIU/L) during the total follow-up period or 5 years in 38.1% or 36.0% of patients. The mean and dominant TSH values did not affect recurrence-free survival. Adjustment for other risk factors did not alter the results. CONCLUSION: Serum TSH levels did not affect short-term recurrence in patients with low-risk DTC after thyroid lobectomy. TSH suppression should be conducted more selectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Thyrotropin
14.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 282-290, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763588

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although microfracture is widely accepted as an effective treatment option for knee chondral lesions, little is known about the deterioration of clinical outcomes and radiological progression in middle-aged patients. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the clinical and radiological changes after microfracture of knee chondral lesions in middle-aged Asian patients. METHODS: A total of 71 patients were included in the study. They were between the ages of 40 and 60 years and underwent arthroscopic microfracture for localized full-thickness cartilage defects of the knee from January 2000 to September 2015. The recovery status of chondral lesions was assessed by using the magnetic resonance observation of cartilage repair tissue (MOCART) score in postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Clinical and radiological results were reviewed, and survival rate with conversion to arthroplasty or osteotomy as an end point was evaluated. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients at surgery was 51.3 ± 4.7 years (range, 40 to 60 years), and the mean follow-up period was 7.2 ± 2.6 years (range, 1.0 to 17.4 years). The MOCART scores of 32 patients at mean postoperative 2.1 years showed three cases (9%) of full recovery, two cases (7%) of hyperplastic recovery, 23 cases (70%) with more than 50% filling, and four cases (14%) with less than 50% filling. Clinical scores improved significantly at 1 year after surgery (p < 0.05); however, the scores deteriorated over time after postoperative 1 year, and the mean values reached preoperative levels at postoperative 10 years. Significant radiological progression of arthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence grade) was observed at 5 years after surgery. Four patients underwent total knee arthroplasty during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients showed more than 50% of defect filling at 2 years after surgery on MRI. Clinical results of microfracture of knee chondral lesion showed the best improvement at postoperative 1 year but gradually worsened thereafter until postoperative 10 years. Radiological progression of arthritis was observed from 5 years after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis , Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Asian People , Cartilage , Follow-Up Studies , Knee , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Osteotomy , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
15.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 107-144, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763307

ABSTRACT

Korean Society of Thyroid-Head and Neck Surgery appointed a Task Force to provide guidance on the implementation of a surgical treatment of oral cancer. MEDLINE databases were searched for articles on subjects related to “surgical management of oral cancer” published in English. Results were restricted to systematic reviews, randomized control trials/controlled clinical trials, and observational studies. The quality of evidence was rated with use RoBANS (Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Nonrandomized Studies) and AMSTAR (A Measurement Tool to Assess the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Evidence-based recommendations for practice were ranked according to the American College of Physicians grading system. Additional directives are provided as expert opinions and Delphi questionnaire when insufficient evidence existed. The Committee developed 68 evidence-based recommendations in 34 categories intended to assist clinicians and patients and counselors, and health policy-makers. Proper surgical treatment selection for oral cancer, which is directed by patient- and subsite-specific factors, remains the greatest predictor of successful treatment outcomes. These guidelines are intended for use in conjunction with the individual patient's treatment goals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Advisory Committees , Bias , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Counseling , Expert Testimony , Mouth Neoplasms , Neck , Republic of Korea
16.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 186-190, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762766

ABSTRACT

Myxomas can be divided into two groups: those derived from the facial skeleton, and those derived from external skeletal soft tissue. Soft tissue myxomas of the head and neck are uncommon, with fewer than 50 cases reported. In any form and location, myxoma of parotid gland is rare. We report a case of myxoma arising from the left superficial lobe of the parotid gland with good long-term follow-up after superficial parotidectomy with tumor excision. A 49-year-old man was referred to our department of plastic and reconstructive surgery with a painless palpable mass that had persisted in the left mandible angle region for 2 years. Excision of the facial mass and superficial parotidectomy with facial nerve preservation were performed. The biopsy result was myxoma. Long-term follow-up for 22 months showed favorable results without evidence of recurrence but with temporary facial nerve weakness right after the surgery. Myxoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis when benign tumor of the parotid gland is being considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Facial Nerve , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Mandible , Myxoma , Neck , Parotid Gland , Plastics , Recurrence , Skeleton , Soft Tissue Neoplasms
17.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 101-108, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762754

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To date, a variety of surgical approaches have been used to reconstruct the medial orbital wall fracture. Still however, there is still a controversy as to their applicability because of postoperative scars, injury of anatomical structures and limited visual fields. The purpose of this study was to introduce a useful additional medial subbrow approach for better reduction and securement more accurate implant pocket of medial orbital wall fracture with the subciliary technique. METHODS: We had performed our technique for a total of 14 patients with medial orbital wall fracture at our medical institution between January 2016 and July 2017. All fractures were operated through subciliary technique combined with the additional medial subbrow approach. They underwent subciliary approach accompanied by medial wall dissection using a Louisville elevator through the slit incision of the medial subbrow procedure. This facilitated visualization of the medial wall fracture site and helped to ensure a more accurate pocket for implant insertion. RESULTS: Postoperative outcomes showed sufficient coverage without displacement. Twelve cases of preoperative diplopia improved to two cases of postoperative diplopia. More than 2 mm enophthalmos was 14 cases preoperatively, improving to 0 case postoperatively. Without damage such as major vessels or extraocular muscles, enophthalmos was corrected and there was no restriction of eyeball motion. CONCLUSION: Our ancillary procedure was useful in dissecting the medial wall, and it was a safe method as to cause no significant complications in our clinical series. Also, there is an only nonvisible postoperative scar. Therefore, it is a recommendable surgical modality for medial orbital wall fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cicatrix , Diplopia , Elevators and Escalators , Enophthalmos , Fracture Fixation , Methods , Muscles , Orbit , Orbital Fractures , Visual Fields
18.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 731-734, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920025

ABSTRACT

Cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis is a rare complication of paranasal sinusitis. The disease can result in a fatal outcome if not treated with proper antibiotics or surgical intervention. Recently, we experienced a case, in which a 58-year-old female presented with oculomotor and abducens nerve palsy resulting from the cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis complicated by paranasal sinusitis. CT and magnetic resonance imaging with contrast enhancement showed right unilateral pansinusitis, left maxillary, ethmoid and sphenoid sinusitis and bilateral cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis. These conditions were resolved by endoscopic sinus surgery, administration of broad spectrum antibiotics and steroid.

19.
Korean Journal of Head and Neck Oncology ; (2): 51-55, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787530

ABSTRACT

Pharyngocutaneous fistula is a relatively common, but serious complication after pharyngeal or laryngeal cancer surgery. It can cause wound infection, longer hospitalization period and sometimes carotid artery rupture which can be fatal. Recently, we experienced a 63-year-old larynx cancer patient who had dementia and alcoholic liver cirrhosis for underlying diseases. He underwent total laryngectomy and both neck dissection, and pharyngocutaneous fistula occurred during postoperative radiotherapy. Pharyngocutaneous fistula during postoperative radiotherapy has not yet reported in the literature, and there are few reports about pre and postoperative management of dementia patient after head and neck cancer surgery. Therefore, we report this case with a brief review of literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Carotid Arteries , Dementia , Fistula , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Hospitalization , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Laryngectomy , Larynx , Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic , Neck Dissection , Radiotherapy , Rupture , Wound Infection
20.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 539-548, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Brown adipocytes have thermogenic characteristics in neonates and elicit anti-inflammatory responses. We postulated that thermogenic brown adipocytes produce distinctive intercellular effects in a hypobaric state. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between brown adipocyte and regulatory T cell (T(reg)) expression under intermittent hypobaric conditions. METHODS: Brown and white adipocytes were harvested from the interscapular and flank areas of C57BL6 mice, respectively. Adipocytes were cultured with syngeneic splenocytes after isolation and differentiation. Intermittent hypobaric conditions were generated using cyclic negative pressure application for 48 h in both groups of adipocytes. Expression levels of T(regs) (CD4 + CD25 + Foxp3 + T cells), cytokines [tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-10 (IL-10), and the programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)] co-inhibitory ligand were examined. RESULTS: Splenocytes, cultured with brown and white adipocytes, exhibited comparable T(reg) expression in a normobaric state. Under hypobaric conditions, brown adipocytes maintained a subset of T(regs). However, a decrease in T(regs) was found in the white adipocyte group. TNF-α levels increased in both groups under hypobaric conditions. In the brown adipocyte group, anti-inflammatory IL-10 expression increased significantly; meanwhile, IL-10 expression decreased in the white adipocyte group. PD-L1 levels increased more significantly in brown adipocytes than in white adipocytes under hypobaric conditions. CONCLUSION: Both brown and white adipocytes support T(reg) expression when they are cultured with splenocytes. Of note, brown adipocytes maintained T(reg) expression in intermittent hypobaric conditions. Anti-inflammatory cytokines and co-inhibitory ligands mediate the immunomodulatory effects of brown adipocytes under altered atmospheric conditions. Brown adipocytes showed the feasibility as a source of adjustment in physical stresses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Mice , Adipocytes , Adipocytes, Brown , Adipocytes, White , Coculture Techniques , Cytokines , Interleukin-10 , Ligands , Necrosis
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