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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 44-48, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906727

ABSTRACT

@#Vision loss can occur when the cornea loses transparency or changes shape. The most effective treatment to restore vision is to use full or partial layers of donor cornea for corneal transplantation. However, there is a severe shortage of donor corneas worldwide, with more than 98.5% of patients with corneal blindness waiting for donor corneas. In addition, there exist some problems such as the possibility of infection, allotransplantation immunologic rejection, and other problems after corneal transplantation. Therefore, tissue-engineering corneas have been widely studied over the years as a viable alternative to donor corneas, with different materials and methods. And in nearly ten years, the research has had breakthrough progress. The ultimate goal of the research is to construct a full or partial tissue-engineering graft with good transparency, biocompatibility, and appropriate mechanical strength to repair, regenerate, or replace diseased corneas. This review discusses the research progress and existing problems about the most frequently studied natural biomaterials in recent years. These biomaterials include amniotic membrane, acellular cornea, collagen, and silk. In addition to the future research directions, other challenges related to the biomaterials discussed in this field are illustrated.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1273-1281, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between seizure cluster of temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS) and cortisol (COR) rhythm, and understand its mechanism from the perspective of neuroendocrine.Methods:Fifty-seven patients with unilateral TLE-HS were recruited from the Qinghai Provincial People′s Hospital from May 1st 2012 to December 31st 2020. According to the history of seizure clusters one month before admission, 27 patients were enrolled in seizure clusters group (SC group), 30 patients were included in without seizures cluster group (NSC group). The clinical characteristics were systematically analyzed and compared between the SC and NSC groups. Plasma COR levels were measured at 8:00, 16:00 and 24:00 (COR8, COR16 and COR0) on the same day, and bilateral magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) diagnosis was performed in two groups. Independent sample t test, chi-square test, repeated analysis of variance, covariance analysis, and multivariate Logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. Results:Time effect, grouping effect and the interaction effect of the time and grouping in the level of COR were statistically significant. Covariance analysis excluded age as an influential factor, COR16, COR0 and the slope of COR8-16 in the SC group [(126.22±19.98) μg/L, (51.63±21.43) μg/L, -7.78±4.54] were higher than the NSC group [(97.70±18.55) μg/L, (31.90±10.73) μg/L, -12.40±4.16], and the difference was statistically significant ( F=5.587, 4.320, 4.013, all P<0.05). The slope of COR0-8 in the SC group (17.11±6.32) was lower than that in the NSC group (20.62±6.54), and the difference was statistically significant ( F=-2.065, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in lateralization of hippocampal sclerosis between the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the ratio of N-acetyl aspartic acid(NAA)/[choline(Cho)+creatinine(Cr)] in the unilateral hippocampal sclerosis zone of the two groups, but the NAA/(Cho±Cr) ratio of the contralateral hippocampus in the SC group (0.71±0.03) was lower than that in the NSC group (0.76±0.06),and the difference was statistically significant ( t=4.999, P=0.029). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that COR16 ( OR=1.328, 95% CI 1.073-1.642, P=0.009), COR8-16 ( OR=3.657, 95% CI 1.404-9.525, P=0.008) were independent risk factors of seizure clusters in TLE-HS. Conclusion:COR rhythm disturbance may be the neuroendocrine basis of seizure clusters in patients with TLE-HS.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Yunpi-Xiefei-Huatan Decoction on airway mucus hypersecretion of asthmatic rats and its regulation on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) / mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) signal pathway. Methods:Seventy SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, high dose group, medium dose group, low dose group, western medicine group and combined group, with 10 rats in each group. Except the normal group, the other groups were sensitized with 1 ml ovalbumin and aluminum hydroxide mixture to establish the asthma rat model. On the 16th day of the experiment, the high, medium and low dose groups were given Yunpi-Xiefei-Huatan Decoction of 40, 20, 10 g/kg, respectively, the western medicine group was given carboxymethylstein tablets of 150 mg/kg, and the combined group was given Yunpi-Xiefei-Huatan Decoction of 20 g/kg and carboxymethylstein tablets of 150 mg/kg, once a day, for 4 weeks. The levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin-13 (IL-13) in serum of rats were detected by Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), the total number and classification of leukocytes in BALF were observed by Wright Giemsa staining, the pathological changes of lung tissue were observed by glycogen staining (PAS). The protein expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and MUC5AC (MUC5AC) were detected by Western blotting, and the mRNA expression of EGFR and MUC5AC was detected by Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). Results:Compared with the model group, the level of IL-13 and TNF-α in the high, medium and low dose groups of traditional Chinese medicine, western medicine group and combined group was significantly decreased ( P<0.05). The levels of WBC, eosinophils and neutrophils in rat alveolar lavage fluid were significantly decreased ( P<0.05). The expression of EGFR (0.466 ± 0.023, 0.354 ± 0.047, 0.667 ± 0.066, 0.553 ± 0.065, 0.290 ± 0.033 vs. 0.782 ± 0.047) and MUC5AC (0.424 ± 0.022, 0.313 ± 0.033, 0.603 ± 0.051, 0.495 ± 0.041, 0.243 ± 0.024 vs. 0.806 ± 0.090) significantly decreased ( P<0.05), the m RNA expression of EGFR (2.302 ± 0.321, 2.549 ± 0.623, 3.084 ± 0.453, 2.585 ± 0.314, 1.810 ± 0.379 vs. 4.101 ± 0.567), MUC5AC (3.243 ± 0.742, 3.283 ± 1.064, 4.419 ± 0.572, 3.817 ± 0.637, 2.469 ± 0.424 vs. 5.840 ± 0.661) in the high, medium and low dose groups, western medicine group and combined group was significantly decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Yunpi-Xiefei-Huatan Decoction ccould inhibit asthma, and its mechanism mightbe related to the EGFR/MUC5AC signaling pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the reasonable combination of Artemisiae Annuae Herba and Chuanxiong Rhizoma in treatment of cerebral malaria and investigate its mechanism based on network pharmacology. Method:The traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform (TCMSP) and SymMap were used to obtain all the chemical components of Artemisiae Annuae Herba and Chuanxiong Rhizoma and the action targets were screened to construct a component target protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Target genes related to cerebral malaria were collected with use of GeneCards and DisGeNET databases. Common targets were screened by overlapping drug targets and disease targets, and protein-protein interaction network analysis was performed to get key targets. Gene ontology (GO) functional enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were carried out to get main signaling pathways. Furthermore, the classical experimental cerebral malaria mouse model was used to detect survival curve, protozoanemia level, survival rate, experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) coma and behavior scores. RayBio<sup>®</sup> cytokine antibody array was used to detect the expression level of cytokines in tissues and experiment was conducted for verification. Result:After combination of Artemisiae Annuae Herba and Chuanxiong Rhizoma, 23 active ingredients, 179 drug targets, and a total of 100 common targets of the drug and disease were obtained. GO functional analysis identified 59 items (<italic>P</italic><0.05), involving cytokine activity, growth factor activity, immune response, etc. KEGG pathway analysis revealed 51 related signaling pathways. The experimental results showed that the combined use of Artemisiae Annuae Herba and Chuanxiong Rhizoma could significantly improve the clinical signs of ECM mice, such as survival state, coma and behavioral scores. In the detection of expression levels of related cytokines in mice, the expression levels of <italic>γ-</italic>interferon (IFN-<italic>γ)</italic>, interleukin-10 (IL-10), IL-4, and IL-1<italic>β</italic> in the compatible drug combination drug were significantly higher than those in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), which was consistent with the overlapping core targets predicted by network pharmacology. Conclusion:Based on the network pharmacology analysis and<italic> in vivo</italic> experiment verification, this study confirmed the synergistic effect of the combination of Artemisiae Annuae Herba and Chuanxiong Rhizoma in the treatment of cerebral malaria, providing clear direction for further mechanism research, and a new possibility for the clinical intervention of cerebral malaria.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze active components, its targets and signaling pathways of Shenlian formula based on network pharmacology, and explore the molecular mechanism of Shenlian formula in the treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), in order to provide a basis for the rational interpretation of the prescription compatibility of Shenlian formula. Method:Major chemical compounds of the formula were obtained by SymMap and Systematic pharmacology database and analysis platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMSP), its target proteins were obtained by SymMap and ETCM Databases, and the pathogenic genes responsible for of ASCVD were obtained by DisGeNET and GEO Datebases. Protein targets of drugs and pathogenic genes of diseases were overlapped to obtain predicted targets of Shenlian Formula for ASCVD. Proteins-proteins interactions (PPI) network was built through the String Datebase. The Cytoscape 3.6.0 was used to explore the key compounds and targets of Shenlian formula on ASCVD. Then gene ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathway were analyzed to screen out the key targets of Shenlian Formula. Rat I/R model was adopted as representative disease model of ASCVD for experimental verification. Result:There were 59 candidate compounds, 67 predicted targets and 29 key targets of Shenlian formula on ASCVD. Key targets mainly included cyclooxygenase 2 (PTGS2), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) and TP53. GO analysis showed that the biological functions of potential genes of Shenlian formula in treatment of ASCVD were mainly related to apoptotic, nitric oxide biosynthetic process, response to estradiol, angiogenesis, inflammatory response and oxidative stress and acute-phase response. KEGG pathway enrichment results showed that the pathways of potential genes of Shenlian formula in treatment of ASCVD mainly involved TNF signaling pathway, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/ protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway, hypoxia induction factor-1 (HIF-1) signaling pathway and apoptosis. Among them, the regulatory effect of Shenlian formula on apoptosis may act on not only TP53, but also different signaling pathways of apoptosis respectively, thus playing a synergistic effect. <italic>In vivo</italic> experimentation confirmed that Shenlian formula could significantly reduce the myocardial infarction area, improve the myocardial histopathological changes, and especially reduce myocardial mitochondrial injury. Further analysis showed that Shenlian formula can significantly inhibit the expressions of activated proteins in mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Conclusion:Anti-atherosclerosis traditional Chinese medicine Shenlian formula could effectively intervene ASCVD, and its effect on mitochondrial apoptosis of myocardial cells is one of its mechanisms in protecting myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1282-1287, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877315

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveObjective To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of antiviral therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in the immune-tolerant phase. MethodsPubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Wanfang Data were searched for clinical trials of antiviral therapy for CHB patients in the immune-tolerant phase published up to September 2020. Related data were extracted after quality assessment for systematic review. HBV DNA clearance rate was the primary outcome. ResultsA total of 9 studies involving 821 patients were included. Eight studies reported HBV DNA clearance rate in the treatment group, among which 6 studies had an HBV DNA clearance rate of >60%, which was significantly higher than that in the untreated patients (0%-29.1%), and the combination therapy group had a better clearance rate than the monotherapy group. However, virologic recurrence was more common in the long term. Eight studies reported HBeAg seroconversion, and only 2 studies of the treatment of children with interferon-α (IFN-α) reported a seroconversion rate of >20% in the treatment group, which was higher than that in the untreated group. HBsAg clearance was observed in 2 studies of IFN-α treatment, while HBsAg seroconversion was not observed. One study reported the risk of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and showed that antiviral therapy could reduce the risk of liver cirrhosis and HCC in patients. The incidence rate of adverse events ranged from 4.1%-13.0% in the treatment with nucleos(t)ide analogues and reached 100% in the treatment with IFN-α, and serious adverse events were rare. ConclusionThe majority of CHB patients in the immune-tolerant phase show satisfactory virologic response after antiviral therapy, but they tend to experience recurrence after drug withdrawal and have a low seroconversion rate. Antiviral therapy has good safety. Current evidence suggests that such patients can be dynamically observed if there is no clear evidence for disease progression.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a quality assessment scale of ICU transitional care based on patient-reported outcomes and test its performance.Methods:According to the guidelines of patient-reported outcomes development process, the item pool was established combining with analysis of relevant literatures and patients′ experience and needs in ICU transitional period based on the grounded theory about ICU transitional care. Cognitive test of patients and Delphi expert correspondence were utilized to amend the initial scale before pretest. One hundred and seventy-seven patients who had been transferred from ICU to general ward from March to August 2019 in Tianjin Third Central Hospital were recruited by convenience sampling method for project analysis.Results:The active coefficient and authority degree of expert were above 0.90 and 0.785 respectively for the two rounds of expert enquiry. The final scale consisted of 28 items, from which 4 principal factors, which were preparation for self-care, communication and coordination, psychological support and health belief, respectively, were extracted by exploratory factor analysis, explaining 78.307% of total variance. The content validity index of each item was 0.769-1.000, and the scale-level content validity was 0.896. The Cronbach α coefficients of the 4 factors and the scale were 0.844, 0.793, 0.897, 0.681 and 0.807, respectively.Conclusions:The patient-reported outcomes scale measuring ICU transitional care quality has good reliability and validity and can be used as an auxiliary tool measuring ICU transitional care quality in clinic.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 313-317, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923170

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To understand the true perception and attitude of the healthcare workers(HCWs) on the workplace violence(WPV) in a secondary Grade A hospital.METHODS: A total of 27 HCWs in a secondary Grade A hospital were selected as study subjects using a typical sampling method. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect the information of their perception and attitude on the types and effects of WPV, as well as on the coping measures and the work stress. The characteristics of WPV in the hospital were analyzed. RESULTS: The interviewees believed that verbal abuse was the most common type of WPV received by HCWs. Nurses and female workers were the main victims of WPV. Horizontal violence among colleagues and sexual harassment should not be ignored. Common causes of violent incidents for patients and their family members against HCWs included the fees for treatment, doctor-patient communication, patients alcohol abuse and treatment outcomes not meeting patients′ expectation. About half of the interviewees said that WPV had serious impact on their mental health. The follow-up coping measures to violent incidents were mostly to reassurance to patients with unconditional apology from the HCWs. More than half of the interviewees considered that they had acceptable workload, while some interviewees considered their work to be stressful. The interviewees suggested that improving doctor-patient communication, hospital systems, and the professional knowledge of HCWs were the recommended means to prevents and control the WPV. CONCLUSION: The perception and attitude of HCWs on WPV in this hospital are relatively scattered. Considering the complex causes, the serious consequences, and difficult coping measures, the hospitals, HCWs and all sectors of society need to take comprehensive measures to prevent WPV towards HCWs.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 306-312, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the status and influencing factors of psychological violence in healthcare workers(HCWs) of a secondary Grade A hospital. METHODS: A total of 1 028 HCWs in a secondary Grade A hospital were selected as the study subjects in 2019 using a typical sampling method. The psychological violence they had received in the previous year was investigated using the Workplace Violence in the Health Sector Country Case Studies Research Instruments--Survey Questionnaire. The results were compared with the baseline survey results in 2018. RESULTS: The incidence of psychological violence in the workplace of HCWs in 2019 was 41.6%, among which the incidence of verbal abuse, bullying/gang bullying, sexual harassment and racial discrimination were 40.2%, 9.9%, 1.9% and 1.6%, respectively. The incidence of verbal abuse, bullying/gang bullying and psychological violence among HCWs in 2019 were decreased compared with that in 2018(45.7% vs 40.2%, 12.8% vs 9.9%, 47.1% vs 41.6%, all P<0.05). The binary logistic regression analysis results showed that the HCWs in medical technology, internal medicine, surgery, outpatient and emergency departments were at higher risk of verbal abuse than that in administrative departments(all P<0.01). The HCWs in direct contact with patients had a higher risk of verbal abuse and psychological violence(all P<0.01). The HCWs aged <35 and those with night-shift-work had higher risks of bullying/gang bullying(all P<0.05). Male HCWs had a higher risk of sexual harassment than female HCWs(P<0.05). The coping style of attempting to conceal the occurrence of the incident after HCWs suffered psychological violence dropped from 5.8% in 2018 to 0.5% in 2019(P<0.01), and the proportion of no response was as high as 59.1%. CONCLUSION: The psychological violence of HCWs in this hospital is very serious and has specific features. The incidence of psychological violence decreased compared with that a year ago, but there is still room for improvement. The influencing factors of psychological violence are complex and the consequences are serious. Therefore, it is urgent for HCWs and hospital management departments to improve their management methods.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 301-305, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923168

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of perpetrators of hospital workplace violence(WPV) on healthcare workers(HCWs) and the countermeasures. METHODS: A total of 978 HCWs was selected as the research subjects in a Grade 2 A hospital using a typical sampling method. The source of the perpetrators of hospital WPV, the subjects′ response to WPV, their degree of worry, their final coping styles and their satisfaction with the coping styles were investigated by the Workplace Violence in the Health Sector Country Case Studies Research Instruments--Survey Questionnaire. RESULTS: The incidence rate of workplace physical violence among HCWs was 8.79%(86/978). The perpetrators were mainly from patients and their family members(82.28%). The main responses to physical violence were to stop the perpetrator with words, talk to colleagues, inform the leaders in charge and try to prevent physical violence from recurring(58.59%). The degree of worry about physical violence was mainly very worried(52.33%). The final coping style was ″nothing was done″(76.75%). The satisfaction of HCWs to physical violence coping styles was very unsatisfied, unsatisfied and uncertain(86.05%). The incidence rate of workplace psychological violence among HCWs was 47.14%(461/978). The perpetrators were mainly patients and their family members(80.40%). The main responses to psychological violence were talking to colleagues, not responding, using language to stop the perpetrator and informing the leaders in charge(71.41%). The degree of worry was very worried and uncertain(71.58%). The final coping style was ″do nothing″ and verbal warning(83.08%). The satisfaction of HCWs to psychological violence coping styles was very unsatisfied, unsatisfied and uncertain(83.08%).CONCLUSION: Patients and their family members are the main perpetrators of hospital WPV, but the parallel violence from HCWs can′t be ignored. We do not have a good way to deal with most of the hospital WPV. The number of HCWs seeking legal protection and union support is extremely low. It is urgent to explore effective management mode to deal with hospital WPV.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922608

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) is one of the important factors affecting the recovery of the elderly after surgery, and sleep disorders are also one of the common diseases of the elderly. Previous studies have shown that the quality of postoperative sleep may be factor affecting postoperative cognitive function, but there are few studies on the relationship between preoperative sleep disorders and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. This study aims to explore the relationship between preoperative sleep disorders and postoperative delayed neurocognitive recovery in elderly patients, and provide references for improving the prognosis and quality of life of patients.@*METHODS@#This study was porformed as a prospective cohort study. Elderly patients (age≥65 years old) underwent elective non-cardiac surgery at Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from October 2019 to January 2020 were selected and interviewed 1 day before the operation. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) were used to assess the patient's baseline cognitive status. Patients with preoperative MMSE scores of less than 24 points were excluded. For patients meeting the criteria of inclusion, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scale was used to evaluate the patients, and the patients were divided into a sleep disorder group and a non-sleep disorder group according to the score. General data of patients were collected and intraoperative data were recorded, such as duration of surgery, anesthetic time, surgical site, intraoperative fluid input, intraoperative blood product input, intraoperative blood loss and drug use. On consecutive 5 days after surgery, Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) was used to evaluate the sleep of the previous night and the pain of the day, which were recorded as sleep NRS score and pain NRS score; Confusion Assessment Method for ICU (CAM-ICU) scale and Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) scale were used to assess the occurrence of delirium. On the 7th day after the operation, the MMSE and MoCA scales were used to evaluate cognitive function of patients. We compared the incidence of postoperative complications, the number of deaths, the number of unplanned ICU patients, the number of unplanned secondary operations, etc between the 2 groups. The baseline and prognosis of the 2 groups of patients were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistics to analyze their correlation.@*RESULTS@#A total of 105 patients were collected in this study, including 32 patients in the sleep disorder group and 73 patients in the non-sleep disorder group. The general information of the 2 groups, such as age, gender, body mass index, and surgery site, were not statistically significant (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Preoperative sleep disorders can increase the risk of delayed neurocognitive function recovery in elderly patients. Active treatment of preoperative sleep disorders may improve perioperative neurocognitive function in elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888018

ABSTRACT

Puerarin has the anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD) activity,which can reverse nerve injury induced by Aβand inhibit neuronal apoptosis.However,its potential pharmacodynamic mechanism still needs to be further researched.The occurrence and development of AD is due to the change of multiple metabolic links in the body,which leads to the destruction of balance.Puerarin may act on multiple targets and multiple metabolic processes to achieve therapeutic purposes.Quantitative proteomic analysis provides a new choice to understand the mechanism as completely as possible.This research adopted SH-SY5Y cells induced by Aβ_(1-42)to establish AD cell model,and Aβimmunofluorescence detection showed that Aβdecreased significantly after puerarin intervention.The mechanism of puerarin reversing SH-SY5Y cell injured by Aβ_(1-42)was further explored by using label-free non-labeled quantitative technology and Western blot detection based on bioinformatics analysis result.The results showed that most of the differential proteins were related to biological processes such as cellular component organization or biogenesis,cellular component organization and cellular component biogenesis,and they mainly participated in the top ten pathways of P value such as pathogenic Escherichia coli infection,m TOR signaling pathway,regulation of autophagy,regulation of actin cytoskeleton,spliceosome,hepatocellular carcinoma,tight junction,non-small cell lung cancer,apoptosis and gap junction.Annexin V/PI flow cytometry and TUNEL were used to detect apoptosis,and the results showed that Aβdecreased significantly and the rate of apoptosis decreased significantly after puerarin intervention.Western blot analysis found that the protein expression level of autophagy related protein LC3Ⅱwas up-regulated after Aβinduction,and the degree of this up-regulation was further enhanced in puerarin intervention group.The trend of the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰamong groups was the same as the protein expression level of LC3Ⅱ,the protein expression level of p62 in the control group,AD model group and puerarin intervention group decreased successively.Protein interaction network analysis showed that CAP1 was correlated with TUBA1B,HSP90AB2P,DNM1L,TUBA1A and ERK1/2,and the correlation between CAP1 and ERK1/2 was the highest among them.Western blot showed that the expressions of p-ERK1/2,Bax and CAP1 were significantly down-regulated and the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was significantly up-regulated after puerarin intervention.Therefore,puerarin might improve the SH-SY5Y cells injured by Aβ_(1-42)through the interaction of multiple biological processes and pathways in cells multiple locations,and CAP1 might play an important role among them.


Subject(s)
Amyloid beta-Peptides , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms , Proteomics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879049

ABSTRACT

In order to better utilize saffron floral bio-residues(SFB), a qualitative and quantitative analysis of flavonoids in SFB was conducted using UPLC-MS and UPLC, respectively. On the one hand, 50 flavonols and 5 anthocyanins were putatively characte-rized by using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. On the other hand, an UPLC method was established for determining the fingerprint of SFB as well as testing the main flavonoids kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside and delphinidin-3,5-di-O-glucoside. Contents of kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside and delphinidin-3,5-di-O-glucoside of 10 batches of samples were 44.21-58.73 mg·g~(-1) and 2.11-6.37 mg·g~(-1), respectively, and the similarities of 10 batches were more than 0.99. In addition, the color of the samples was digitized by using electronic eye technology, and it was found that the color of the samples was significantly correlated with the content of delphinidin-3,5-di-O-glucoside. The richness of flavonoids in SFB indicated its potential for development and utilization, and the large variation in anthocyanin content among samples from different regions suggested that more attention should be paid to the methods of sample pretreatment and storage.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Crocus , Flavonoids , Flowers , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782444

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical features and follow-up results of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) between boys and girls.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 79 children (18 boys and 61 girls), aged ≤14 years, who were diagnosed with SLE from 2008 to 2018. The boys and the girls were compared in terms of initial and major clinical symptoms, injury of organs/systems, related laboratory markers, and follow-up results.@*RESULTS@#As for the initial and non-initial symptoms, fever had the highest incidence rate in the boys, while facial erythema had the highest incidence rate in the girls. The boys tended to develop renal injury and hematological damage (P80%) of anti-nuclear antibody, dsDNA, complement C3, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in both boys and girls (P>0.05). The boys had a significantly higher disease activity than the girls at the first visit and in year 9 of follow-up (P<0.05). A one-month to ten-year follow-up showed that among the boys, 3 were lost to follow-up, 1 died, 7 were well controlled but required oral administration of large doses of hormones or immunosuppression, 2 progressed to chronic renal failure, and 1 developed lupus encephalopathy. Among the girls, 3 were lost to follow-up; 5 died; 34 were well controlled, among whom 5 were maintained on oral prednisone acetate with a dose of <10 mg, 1 was withdrawn from the drug for 1 year, and 2 were withdrawn from the drug for 2 years; 4 developed lupus encephalopathy; 1 developed depression and anxiety and had suicidal tendency in the 7th year after disease onset; 2 experienced impaired vision, blurred vision, and chloropsia; 1 developed a vascular necrosis of both femoral heads in the 3rd year of hormone administration.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are differences in clinical features, several laboratory markers, and prognosis between boys and girls with SLE. Boys tend to have a high severity at disease onset, develop renal injury and hematological damage, and have poor long-term prognosis, while girls tend to have joint involvement.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the epidemiologic characteristics of human herpes virus (HHV) activated infection in the diseases of blood system and patients received allo-HSCT by statistically analyzing the screening results of 8 human herpes viruses (HHVs) of 4164 patients in Hebei Yanda LU Dao-Pei Hospital from 2012 to 2017.@*METHODS@#PCR was used to screen 8 HHVs.@*RESULTS@#Two thousand and fifty-two patients (49.28%) were HHV-positive among 4164 patients screened. Among these patients screened, the infection spectra of 8 human HHVs in hematological diseases as well as patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation of totally 2994 patients were summarized as follows: the positive rate of EBV (29.49%) was the highest, that of HCMV (23.15%), HHV-6 was 18.77% and HHV-7 was 17.64%, while the remaining 4 HHVs all≤2.1%. The rate of co-infection of various HHVs was significantly higher than that of single infection of HHV among all these disease groups except familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, for which single EBV infection was the most common. The differences of positive rates among these 8 human HHVs in hematological diseases as well as patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were statistically significant by Chi-square test of R*C tables (χ=54.99, P<0.05). For each HHV, the differences of positive rates among the above-mentioned disease groups were also statistically significant except HHV-8 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The patients with various blood diseases have different activated infection spectra of HHVs. EBV, HCMV, HHV-6 and HHV-7 are most common in HHVs infection. Different HHVs infections correlate with different hematologion diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799177

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of two anesthetic modes on cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic cervical cancer resection.@*Methods@#From August 2016 to April 2018, 60 elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic cervical cancer resection in the General Hospital of Armed Police were divided into control groupand observation group according to odd and even of bed number, with 30caese in each group.Intravenous anesthesia was used in the control group, and intravenous anesthesia combined with inhalation anesthesia was used in the observation group.The anesthetic effect, MMSE score, MoCA score and the incidence of cognitive dysfunction were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#The anesthesia effect time, extubation time and recovery time of the observation group were (1.62±0.30)min, (15.68±3.26)min, (8.69±3.68)min, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those of the control group[(4.68±0.91)min, (27.46±4.03)min, (20.36±4.58)min](all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in MMSE score and MoCA score between the two groups before operation (all P<0.05), and there was statistically significant difference in MMSE score between the two groups at 2 h and 6 h after operation (all P<0.05). The MMSE score in the observation group was higher than that in the control group(all P<0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference on the 1st day after operation (P>0.05). At 2 h, 6 h, 1 d after operation, the MoCA scores in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). The incidence of cognitive dysfunction in the observation group was 6.67%(2/30), which was significantly lower than 26.67%(8/30) in the control group (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Compared with intravenous anesthesia alone, intravenous anesthesia combined with inhalation anesthesia for elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic cervical cancer resection has a good anesthetic effect and can reduce the incidence of cognitive dysfunction, which is worthy of further application in clinical practice.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837478

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of norovirus (NV) and rotavirus (RV) in children with diarrhea. Methods In this study, fecal specimens of 2 135 children with diarrhea admitted to our hospital from January 2019 to December 2019 were collected. The infection of NV and RV virus was detected by immunochromatography and ELISA, respectively. The epidemiological characteristics of RV virus. Results The total positive detection rate of 1 388 children was 65.01% (1 388/2 135), and the positive detection rate of RV virus was 34.52% (651/2 135), which was higher than 30.49% (737/2 135) of NV virus (χ2=7.895, P0.05), the positive detection rate of RV in males is 61.74%, higher than that of females 38.26% (χ2=25.318 , P2=35.791, P2=173.426 , P2=252.628, P<0.001). Conclusion Spring and winter are the seasons of high incidence of viral diarrhea in children. Close monitoring of children under 2 years of age should be strengthened to prevent viral diarrhea early.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878869

ABSTRACT

Corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19) has brought untold human sufferings and economic tragedy worldwide. It causes acute myocardial injury and chronic damage of cardiovascular system, which has attracted much attention from researchers. For the immediate strategy for COVID-19, "drug repurposing" is a new opportunity for developing drugs to fight COVID-19. Artemisinin and its derivatives have a wide range of pharmacological activities. Recent studies have shown that artemisinin has clear cardiovascular protective effects. This paper summarizes the research progress on the pathogenesis the pathogenesis of COVID-19 in cardiovascular damage by 2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV) virus from myocardial cell injury directly by 2019-nCoV virus,viral ligands competitively bind to ACE2 and then reduce the protective effect of ACE2 on cardiovascular disease, "cytokine storm" related myocardial damage, arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death induced by the infection and stress, myocardial injury by hypoxemia, heart damage side effects from COVID-19 drugs and summarizing the cardiovascular protective effects of artemisinin and its derivatives have activities of anti-arrhythmia, anti-myocardial ischemia, anti-atherosclerosis and plaque stabilization. Then analyzed the possible multi-pathway intervention effects of artemisinin-based drugs on multiple complications of COVID-19 based on its specific immunomodulatory effects, protective effects of tissue and organ damage and broad-spectrum antiviral effect, to provide clues for the treatment of cardiovascular complications of COVID-19, and give a new basis for the therapy of COVID-19 through "drug repurposing".


Subject(s)
Artemisinins , COVID-19 , Cardiovascular Diseases , Heart Diseases , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872933

ABSTRACT

Objective:By means of network pharmacology, the active ingredients, targets and molecular pathways of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) in the treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) were studied, in order to reveal the molecular mechanism of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) in the treatment of ASCVD, and provide the rational explanation of the compatibility of the combination. Method:The main chemical components of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) were obtained by means of SymMap database, traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform(TCMSP)platform and BATMAN-TCM platform. Compound targets were retrieved by SymMap and the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM), and disease targets were retrieved by DisGeNET and GeneCards databases. The intersections of compound targets and disease targets were used to obtain the predicted targets of song-decoction on ASCVD. The Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network diagram was constructed through STRING database, and key compounds and targets of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) acting on ASCVD were obtained through Cytoscape. Finally, the enriched key targets were put for Gene Ontology (GO) biological process analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis through the Database for Annotation,Visualization and Integrated Discovery(DAVID). Result:There were 33 key compounds and 25 key targets of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) for ASCVD. The GO analysis showed that the biological functions of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) in the treatment of key ASCVD targets mainly involved biological processes, such as the regulation of apoptosis, inflammatory response, regulation of nitric oxide synthesis and regulation of insulin secretion. The KEGG pathway was mainly enriched in 20 signaling pathways, including tumor necrosis factor(TNF) signaling pathway, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway, apoptosis signaling pathway and estrogen signaling pathway. Conclusion:Through network pharmacology, this study explored active ingredients and potential targets of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) in the treatment of ASCVD at the molecular level, preliminarily verified the mechanism of action of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription), and laid a theoretical foundation for further study on the mechanism of action.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of TNF-α knockout on liver and spleen neutrophil responses to Vibrio vulnificus bloodstream infection in a mouse model. Methods:(1) TNF-α-knockout (TNF-α -/-) and wild-type (WT) C57BL/6J mice aged 6-8 weeks were randomly divided into four groups with six in each group: uninfected WT group, infected WT group, uninfected TNF-α -/- group and infected TNF-α -/- group. The mouse model of bloodstream infection was constructed by intraperitoneal injection of Vibrio vulnificus CGMCC1.1758 (2×10 8 CFU/200 μl), while the mice in the uninfected groups were injected intraperitoneally with equal amount of PBS. (2) Liver immune cells and splenocytes were isolated 4 h after infection and subjected to analyze the percentages and numbers of neutrophils, and the changes in cell viability, cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and phagocytosis by flow cytometry. In addition, effects of Vibrio vulnificus bloodstream infection on mTOR signaling pathway in murine neutrophils were evaluated in vivo. Results:(1)Compared with the uninfected WT group, the percentages and numbers of neutrophils in liver and spleen tissues of the infected WT group increased significantly. The percentage and number of liver neutrophils were significantly higher in the infected TNF-α -/- group than in the infected WT group, but no significant difference in spleen neutrophils was detected between the two groups. (2) Compared with the infected WT group, the phagocytosis of liver neutrophils rather than that of spleen neutrophils was enhanced in the infected TNF-α -/- group. (3) The survival rates of neutrophils in both liver and spleen were decreased, while the cellular ROS level was significantly increased in the infected WT group compared with those of the uninfected WT group. Compared with the infected WT group, the infected TNF-α -/- group had increased survival rates of both liver and spleen neutrophils, but decreased level of ROS. (4) The levels of p-AKT (S473) in liver and spleen neutrophils of the infected WT group were lower than those of the uninfected WT group. Compared with the infected WT group, the infected TNF-α -/- group had lower level of p-AKT (S473) in liver neutrophils, but higher p-AKT (S473) level in spleen neutrophils. There were no significant differences in p-4E-BP1(T37/46) levels between the uninfected WT group and the infected WT group. The p-4E-BP1 (T37/46) level in liver neutrophils was lower in the infected TNF-α -/- group than in the infected WT group, but no significant difference in p-4E-BP1 (T37/46) levels in spleen neutrophils was observed between the two groups. Conclusions:TNF-α had different effects on the neutrophils in spleen and liver tissues of mice with Vibrio vulnificus bloodstream infection. It played a critical role in regulating the recruitment, phagocytic function and mTOR signaling of liver neutrophils after Vibrio vulnificus infection in vivo.

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