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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1901-1908, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929428

ABSTRACT

It is a common understanding that turbidity and precipitation of traditional Chinese medicine are easy to occur in the process of decocting. At present, our research group found that the cause of "multi-phase of traditional Chinese medicine decoction" mainly came from the interaction between the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine, especially the interaction of acid and base components. For example, the Liquorice and Rhizoma chinensis was a supramolecular system formed by a large number of active components in the decoction (>30%), and could stably exist in the decoction system. In this study, the supramolecular part was extracted, and the morphology of the supramolecular part was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. It was observed that the supramolecular particles were uniform in size and regular in shape. The main components of supramolecular sites were identified by liquid mass spectrometry (LC-MSn). The results of UV and IR spectra showed that the chemical components of Liquorice and Rhizoma chinensis in the co-decocting process collided with each other, and weak bonds were formed between the functional groups of the molecules, which then induced the aggregation to form supramolecules. Thereafter, Through the diarrhea model of mice, sensory evaluation and antibacterial activity evaluation found that Liquorice and Rhizoma chinensis decocted together enhanced the antibacterial activity of Rhizoma, and compatibility "reconcile" Rhizoma "big bitter cold" property compared with single decoction group and interval administration group. All animal experiments were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, and the relevant regulations of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine on experimental animals were strictly followed. In this study, supramolecular chemistry method was used to preliminarily discuss the scientific connotation of "increasing efficiency and decreasing toxicity" of Liquorice and Rhizoma chinensis combined decoction from three perspectives of "property, efficacy and taste", and provide new ideas for the basic research of "reconcile" compatibility of Liquorice.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904069

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Verapamil is used in the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, hypertrophic scars, and keloids to block transmembrane calcium ion flux. Verapamil has antioxidant activity, which enhances the production of nitric oxide (NO). NO promotes the proliferation of fibroblasts, keratinocytes, endothelial cells, and epithelial cells during wound healing. In this study, we investigated the effect of verapamil and its antioxidant properties on the enhancement of acute wound healing via NO. @*METHODS@#A full-thickness wound healing model was created on the rat dorsal with a silicone ring. The wound closure rate was estimated every 2 days for 14 days. A histological study was performed to evaluate wound healing.Immunofluorescence staining was analyzed for angiogenesis. The expressions of collagen type I (COL I), collagen type III (COL III), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were assessed by Western blot. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to examine the expression of endothelial NO synthase and inducible NO synthase, which are related to antioxidant activity in the process of wound healing. @*RESULTS@#The wound closure rate was faster in the verapamil group compared to the control and silicone groups.Histologic analysis revealed capillaries and stratum basale in the verapamil group. Immunofluorescence staining was shown vessel formation in the verapamil group. Western blot and qRT-PCR analysis revealed high expression levels of COL I, VEGF, eNOS, and FGF in the verapamil. @*CONCLUSION@#Verapamil’s antioxidant activity enhances NO production in acute wound healing. We suggest that verapamil can be used to promote acute wound healing.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903954

ABSTRACT

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidases (NOXs) are the major enzymatic source of reactive oxygen species (ROS). NOX2 and NOX4 are expressed in the heart but its role in hypoxia-induced atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) secretion is unclear. This study investigated the effect of NOX on ANP secretion induced by hypoxia in isolated beating rat atria. The results showed that hypoxia significantly upregulated NOX4 but not NOX2 expression, which was completely abolished by endothelin-1 (ET-1) type A and B receptor antagonists BQ123 (0.3 µM) and BQ788 (0.3 µM). ET-1-upregulated NOX4 expression was also blocked by antagonists of secreted phospholipase A2 (sPLA2; varespladib, 5.0 µM) and cytosolic PLA2 (cPLA2; CAY10650, 120.0 nM), and ET-1-induced cPLA2 expression was inhibited by varespladib under normoxia. Moreover, hypoxia-increased ANP secretion was evidently attenuated by the NOX4 antagonist GLX351322 (35.0 µM) and inhibitor of ROS N-Acetyl-D-cysteine (NAC, 15.0 mM), and hypoxia-increased production of ROS was blocked by GLX351322. In addition, hypoxia markedly upregulated Src expression, which was blocked by ET receptors, NOX4, and ROS antagonists. ET-1-increased Src expression was also inhibited by NAC under normoxia. Furthermore, hypoxiaactivated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and protein kinase B (Akt) were completely abolished by Src inhibitor 1 (1.0 µM), and hypoxia-increased GATA4 was inhibited by the ERK1/2 and Akt antagonists PD98059 (10.0 µM) and LY294002 (10.0 µM), respectively. However, hypoxia-induced ANP secretion was substantially inhibited by Src inhibitor. These results indicate that NOX4/Src modulated by ET-1 regulates ANP secretion by activating ERK1/2 and Akt/GATA4 signaling in isolated beating rat hypoxic atria.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896365

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Verapamil is used in the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, hypertrophic scars, and keloids to block transmembrane calcium ion flux. Verapamil has antioxidant activity, which enhances the production of nitric oxide (NO). NO promotes the proliferation of fibroblasts, keratinocytes, endothelial cells, and epithelial cells during wound healing. In this study, we investigated the effect of verapamil and its antioxidant properties on the enhancement of acute wound healing via NO. @*METHODS@#A full-thickness wound healing model was created on the rat dorsal with a silicone ring. The wound closure rate was estimated every 2 days for 14 days. A histological study was performed to evaluate wound healing.Immunofluorescence staining was analyzed for angiogenesis. The expressions of collagen type I (COL I), collagen type III (COL III), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were assessed by Western blot. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to examine the expression of endothelial NO synthase and inducible NO synthase, which are related to antioxidant activity in the process of wound healing. @*RESULTS@#The wound closure rate was faster in the verapamil group compared to the control and silicone groups.Histologic analysis revealed capillaries and stratum basale in the verapamil group. Immunofluorescence staining was shown vessel formation in the verapamil group. Western blot and qRT-PCR analysis revealed high expression levels of COL I, VEGF, eNOS, and FGF in the verapamil. @*CONCLUSION@#Verapamil’s antioxidant activity enhances NO production in acute wound healing. We suggest that verapamil can be used to promote acute wound healing.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896250

ABSTRACT

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidases (NOXs) are the major enzymatic source of reactive oxygen species (ROS). NOX2 and NOX4 are expressed in the heart but its role in hypoxia-induced atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) secretion is unclear. This study investigated the effect of NOX on ANP secretion induced by hypoxia in isolated beating rat atria. The results showed that hypoxia significantly upregulated NOX4 but not NOX2 expression, which was completely abolished by endothelin-1 (ET-1) type A and B receptor antagonists BQ123 (0.3 µM) and BQ788 (0.3 µM). ET-1-upregulated NOX4 expression was also blocked by antagonists of secreted phospholipase A2 (sPLA2; varespladib, 5.0 µM) and cytosolic PLA2 (cPLA2; CAY10650, 120.0 nM), and ET-1-induced cPLA2 expression was inhibited by varespladib under normoxia. Moreover, hypoxia-increased ANP secretion was evidently attenuated by the NOX4 antagonist GLX351322 (35.0 µM) and inhibitor of ROS N-Acetyl-D-cysteine (NAC, 15.0 mM), and hypoxia-increased production of ROS was blocked by GLX351322. In addition, hypoxia markedly upregulated Src expression, which was blocked by ET receptors, NOX4, and ROS antagonists. ET-1-increased Src expression was also inhibited by NAC under normoxia. Furthermore, hypoxiaactivated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and protein kinase B (Akt) were completely abolished by Src inhibitor 1 (1.0 µM), and hypoxia-increased GATA4 was inhibited by the ERK1/2 and Akt antagonists PD98059 (10.0 µM) and LY294002 (10.0 µM), respectively. However, hypoxia-induced ANP secretion was substantially inhibited by Src inhibitor. These results indicate that NOX4/Src modulated by ET-1 regulates ANP secretion by activating ERK1/2 and Akt/GATA4 signaling in isolated beating rat hypoxic atria.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2119-2126, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887044

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the interaction mechanism between glycyrrhiza protein and berberine in the decocting process of Rhizoma Coptidis and Liquorice and its effect on the pharmacodynamic effect. In this experiment, licorice crude protein was obtained from licorice decoction pieces, and it was found that licorice crude protein and berberine could form spherical supramolecular particles after decocting together. Morphological characterization was carried out by using Malvin particle size analyzer and emission scanning electron microscopy, and the supramolecular particles were observed to be nanoscale, which was significantly different from the morphology of licorice protein and berberine. The results of ultraviolet, infrared and fluorescence spectroscopy showed that the mechanism of molecular interaction was induced by weak bonds such as electrostatic attraction and hydrophobic interaction. Furthermore, the antimicrobial activity of berberine was significantly affected by the supramolecular particles of licorice protein-berberine, which were significantly different from the mechanical mixture. This study reveals the pharmacological value of macromolecular substances such as proteins in the decoction of licorice and Coptis chinensis from a new perspective, which is helpful to promote the secondary development of clinical effective prescriptions, especially the research on the pharmacological substance basis of classic famous prescriptions.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the preoperative diagnostic value of 99Tc m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) planar imaging and SPECT/CT imaging for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), and analyze the relevant factors affecting the imaging results. Methods:From June 2016 to September 2019, a total of 62 patients (15 males, 47 females, age range: 27-80 years) confirmed as PHPT by postsurgical pathology in Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were retrospectively enrolled. The diagnostic efficacies of 99Tc m-MIBI planar imaging and SPECT/CT imaging were compared using χ2 test. The differences of preoperative serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), Ca and the maximum diameter of lesion between the positive and negative groups of planar imaging were analyzed using independent-sample t test and Mann-Whitney U test. The region of interest (ROI) method was applied to calculate the uptake ratio of lesions to normal tissues at the early phase (T/Ne) and delayed phase (T/Nd) in positive cases of planar imaging. Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of T/Ne, T/Nd with preoperative serum PTH, Ca and the maximum diameter of lesion. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of preoperative serum PTH, Ca and positive planar imaging were drawn and the cut-off values were obtained. Results:The sensitivity of planar imaging and SPECT/CT imaging was 69.35%(43/62) and 87.10%(54/62) respectively ( χ2=5.729, P=0.017). The preoperative serum PTH, Ca levels and the maximum diameter of lesion in patients with positive planar imaging (253.32(107.00, 331.70) ng/L, 2.78(2.51, 2.87) mmol/L, (2.01±0.88) mm) were higher than those with negative planar imaging ((111.86±44.29) ng/L, (2.59±0.21) mmol/L, (1.42±0.55) mm; z values: -2.802, -1.978, t=3.300, all P<0.05). T/Ne was positively correlated with preoperative serum PTH ( rs=0.511, P<0.001) and the maximum diameter of lesion ( r=0.381, P=0.012), and T/Nd was positively correlated with preoperative serum PTH ( rs=0.538, P<0.001), Ca ( rs=0.348, P=0.022) and the maximum diameter of lesion ( r=0.463, P=0.002). The area under the ROC curve between preoperative serum PTH, Ca and planar imaging was 0.725 and 0.646, respectively. Preoperative serum PTH had a better predictive value with the optimal cut-off value of 150.4 ng/L. Conclusions:Preoperative serum PTH, Ca and the maximum diameter of lesion are positively correlated with 99Tc m-MIBI uptake in PHPT patients with positive planar imaging results. When preoperative serum PTH is lower than 150.4 ng/L, planar imaging is prone to false negative. SPECT/CT imaging has a significant value in preoperative diagnosis and the combination of PTH and CT can improve the positive rate.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919358

ABSTRACT

Background@#The stromal vascular fraction (SVF) isolated from adipose tissue, which contains stem cells as well as other cell types, has been applied in various research fields. Although different enzymatic concentrations and treatment durations have been applied to isolate the SVF, optimal conditions have not been established. Thus, we aimed to establish the optimal conditions for isolation of the SVF from adipose tissue by automated systems. @*Methods@#The SVF was collected from removed adipose tissues of five donors during surgery. The SVF was treated with 0.1% or 0.2% collagenase type I for 20, 40, or 60 min. Then, colony forming unit (CFU) assays and flow cytometry were performed to characterize the adipose stem cells (ASCs). A cytokine array was used to investigate the correlation between colony-formation ability and the secretion of isolated ASCs. @*Results@#Treatment with 0.1% collagenase type I for 60 min resulted in a higher SVF yield, whereas treatment with 0.1% collagenase for 40 min resulted in higher CFU values. In addition, expression of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in the SVF was higher in the high-CFU group than in the low-CFU group. @*Conclusion@#The optimal conditions for isolation of the SVF from adipose tissue were treatment with 0.1% collagenase type I for 40 min. We identified the conditions required for efficient SVF isolation based on high CFU values, and our results will facilitate the development of automated systems.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1105-1114, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827154

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze risk factors that affect survival and relapse of AML patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and to investigate the therapy choices after AML relapse.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 180 AML patients achieved complete remission (CR) before HSCT from January 2009 to December 2018 treated in our center were analyzed retrospectively. Risk factors for survival and relapse after allo-HSCT were analyzed by COX regression.@*RESULTS@#Among 180 AML patients, 134 survived (74.4%), 46 patients died (25.6%), and 40 patients relapsed (22.2%). The rate of overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS) and cumulative rate of relapse in 5-years was 74.3%、42.5% and 25.0%, respectively. High-risk, adverse cytogenetics, CR at HSCT and no cGvHD were independent risk factors that affect OS. CR at HSCT, high-risk were independent risk factors that affect EFS. High-risk, MRD after one course of induction therapy, adverse cytogenetics and no cGVHD were independent risk factors that affect relapse. The OS rate of relapse patients could be improved by the usage of hypomethylation agents combined with G-CSF mobilized donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI), and 2-year OS rate was 62.5%.@*CONCLUSION@#The survival rate of AML is greatly improved by allo-HSCT, but relapse is still one of the most important factors that influence survival of the AML patients. The maintenance therapy of hypomethylation agents combined with DLI may be a new effective treatment option for patients who relapse after HSCT.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2548-2555, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878510

ABSTRACT

In recent years, 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing technology has been widely used to study human gut microbiota and to detect unknown pathogens in clinical samples. However, its resolution to bacterial population can only reach the relative abundance of genus level, and different factors affect the final bacterial profile, such as sample concentrations, PCR cycle numbers and amplification primers. In order to solve these problems, we developed a quantitative 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing method by combining random tag and internal marker method. The new methods improved the accuracy of human gut microbiota, reduced the impact of experimental operation on the results, and improved the comparability between sequencing and other molecular biological methods.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/genetics , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797378

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the influence of metabolic syndrome on the risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and all-cause mortality.@*Methods@#In this prospective cohort study, urban residents aged 40-79 years in Guiyang were followed-up for three years. The end-points were CVD events and all-cause mortality. COX proportional hazards model were used for the corresponding hazard ratios (HRs) of CVD events and all-cause mortality. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the 2005 International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria.@*Results@#A total of 7 313 subjects were included. 146 cases of CVD events and 80 cases of all-cause mortality were recorded. After adjusting for gender, age, smoking, alcohol consumption, and blood lipid levels, the metabolic syndrome increased the risks of CVD events and all-cause mortality. The HRs were 1.43 (P=0.037) and 1.25 (P=0.418), respectively. As compared metabolic syndrome with non-metabolic syndrome, an increased risk of CVD events was found. The HR was 1.43 (P=0.013). No significantly increased risk of all-cause mortality was found in subjects with metabolic syndrome.@*Conclusion@#The metabolic syndrome was associated with increased risk of CVD events and there was no significant increase in all-cause mortality. Metabolic syndrome is an important risk factor for CVD events.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755705

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of metabolic syndrome on the risks of cardiovascular disease ( CVD) events and all-cause mortality. Methods In this prospective cohort study, urban residents aged 40-79 years in Guiyang were followed-up for three years. The end-points were CVD events and all-cause mortality. COX proportional hazards model were used for the corresponding hazard ratios ( HRs ) of CVD events and all-cause mortality. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the 2005 International Diabetes Federation ( IDF ) criteria. Results A total of 7313 subjects were included. 146 cases of CVD events and 80 cases of all-cause mortality were recorded. After adjusting for gender, age, smoking, alcohol consumption, and blood lipid levels, the metabolic syndrome increased the risks of CVD events and all-cause mortality. The HRs were 1.43 (P=0.037) and 1.25 (P=0.418) , respectively. As compared metabolic syndrome with non-metabolic syndrome, an increased risk of CVD events was found. The HR was 1.43 (P=0.013). No significantly increased risk of all-cause mortality was found in subjects with metabolic syndrome. Conclusion The metabolic syndrome was associated with increased risk of CVD events and there was no significant increase in all-cause mortality. Metabolic syndrome is an important risk factor for CVD events.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754877

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive value of cervical length (CL) measured by transvaginal ultrasound for preterm birth<32 weeks,<34 weeks in twin pregnancies in the second and the third trimester of pregnancy. Methods A total of 490 twin pregnant women with CL measured by transvaginal ultrasound during the second trimester of pregnancy (20-24 weeks) and the third trimester of pregnancy (28-32 weeks) delivered in Peking University Third Hospital, and Tongzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2014 to December 2017 were collected, and 161 cases out of which were measured by CL during both the second trimester and the third trimester of pregnancy. Based on the measured gestational weeks, 427 cases were in the second trimester group and 224 cases in the third trimester group. The predictive value of CL for preterm birth was evaluated by calculating the optimal cut-off point with sensitivity and specificity. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between CL and preterm birth after adjusting for confounding factors (age of pregnant women, chorionic status, mulipara, assisted reproductive pregnancy and pre-pregnancy body mass index). Results (1) The median CL of pregnant women in the second trimester group and the third trimester group were 36 mm (33-40 mm) and 28 mm (18-33 mm) respectively. In the second trimester group, 151 cases (35.4%, 151/427) were preterm birth and 276 cases (64.6%, 276/427) were full-term birth; the median CL of preterm and full-term pregnant women were 34 mm (30-37 mm) and 37 mm (34-40 mm), respectively, with significant difference (P<0.01). In the third trimester group, 100 cases (44.6%, 100/224) were preterm birth and 124 cases (55.4%, 124/224) were full-term birth; the median CL of preterm and full-term pregnant women were 22 mm (15-30 mm) and 31 mm (23-34 mm), respectively, with significant difference (P<0.01). (2) Prediction of preterm birth<32 weeks and<34 weeks was performed with CL in the second trimester group. The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve were 0.78 (95% CI : 0.70-0.86) and 0.71 (95% CI : 0.64-0.79), respectively. The optimal cut-off points were 36.5 mm and 33.5 mm, respectively. After adjusting for confounding factors, CL was inversely associated with preterm birth<32 weeks and<34 weeks of gestation. (3) Prediction of preterm birth <32 weeks and <34 weeks were performed with CL in the third trimester group. The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve were 0.86 (0.75-0.96) and 0.75 (0.67-0.84), respectively. The optimal cut-off points were 17.5 mm and 18.5 mm, respectively. After adjusting for confounding factors, CL was inversely associated with preterm birth at<32 weeks and<34 weeks of gestation. Conclusions CL measured by transvaginal ultrasound in the second and the third trimester is a good predictor for preterm birth of twin pregnancy. CL≤36.5 mm and≤33.5 mm at 20-24 weeks of gestation could predict preterm birth<32 weeks and<34 weeks respectively. CL≤17.5 mm and≤18.5 mm at 28-32 weeks of gestation could predict preterm birth<32 weeks and<34 weeks respectively.

15.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 440-444,448, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743750

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of VCD (bortezomib/cyclophosphamide/dexamethason) in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) patients. Methods Fifty-five consecutive patients with newly diagnosed or relapsed MM were enrolled in the study retrospectively from June 2012 to June 2017. We collected and analyzed the clinical information of all patients treated with VCD.Results Firstly, the patients received therapy of VCD for median 4 cycles (Range : 2 ~8). The overall response rate (ORR) was 85.5% (45/55). The complete response/near complete response rate (CR/nCR) , very good partial response rate (VGPR) and partial response rate (PR) were 27.3%, 23.6% and 34.6%, respectively. The ORR of10 patients with renal inadequacy was 80.0%, while 45 cases with normal renal function was 82.2% (P=0.627).Secondly, with a median follow-up of 13.5 months, the median progression free survival (PFS) , the median duration of response (DOR) and the median overall survival (OS) were 27 (1~61) months, 18 (1~50) months and 49 (1~64) months, respectively. Univariate prognostic analysis showed that abnormal ISS stage Ⅲ, relapse, renal dysfunction and response inferior to VGPR were negative prognostic factors for PFS, while abnormal ISS stageⅢ and renal dysfunction were negative prognostic factors for OS. Moreover, the multivariate prognostic analysis showed that abnormal ISS stage Ⅲ and response inferior to VGPR were independent prognostic factors for PFS, while ISS stage Ⅲ was independent prognostic factors for OS. Thirdly, the VCD treatment is effective and safe.The adverse events were evaluated according to International Myeloma Working Group Uniform Response Criteria.The results showed that the most common grade 3 ~4 non-hematology adverse events (AEs) were infection (20.0%) , peripheral neuropathy (5.5%) and hypertension (5.5%). The most common grade 3~4 hematology AEs were thrombocytopenia (10.9%) , neutropenia (9.0%) and anemia (5.5%). A total of 2 patients (3.6%) discontinued VCD because of serious peripheral neuropathy and 2 cases (3.65%) died of respiratory failure because of serious infection. Conclusions The VCD regimen is effective and safe in the treatment of newly diagnosed or relapsed/refractory MM patients in China. VCD is safe in patients with renal dysfunction.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777937

ABSTRACT

@# Objective The study aims to investigate the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among pregnant women in Tongzhou district of Beijing and its related risk factors. Methods Information of 34 637 singleton pregnancies delivered in a maternal and child health care hospital in Tongzhou district of Beijing were collected from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017. GDM prevalence of pregnant women were calculated. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association between GDM and its related factors. Results The prevalence of GDM in 34 637 singleton pregnant women in Tongzhou district of Beijing was 23.2% (8 034/34 637). Multivariate analysis showed that advanced maternal age(aOR=1.87, 95% CI: 1.71-2.05), high level of education(aOR=1.19-1.23), delivering during 2016-2017(aOR=1.46, 95% CI: 1.38-1.55), macrosomia(aOR=1.27, 95% CI: 1.02-1.59), history of cesarean section(aOR=1.18, 95% CI: 1.08-1.30), history of spontaneous abortion(aOR=1.23, 95% CI:1.10-1.37), history of induced abortion(aOR=1.08, 95% CI:1.01-1.14), family history of diabetes(aOR=1.51, 95% CI:1.26-1.83), multipara(aOR=1.24, 95% CI:1.15-1.34), pre-pregnancy overweight(aOR=2.02, 95% CI:1.89-2.15), pre-pregnancy obesity(aOR=3.11, 95% CI:2.81-3.43)and conceived by assisted reproductive technology(aOR=1.47, 95% CI:1.03-2.10)were the independent risk factors for GDM. Conclusions Prevalence of GDM is high in pregnant women in Tongzhou district of Beijing. Health education before and during pregnancy should be carried out to monitor and prevent the occurrence of GDM in time to ensure maternal and child health.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772781

ABSTRACT

In aged patients, acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical complication after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), highlighting the need for timely and certain diagnosis of this disease. A single centre, nested case-control study was conducted, which assessed the usefulness of urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (uL-FABP), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL), and kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1) for early detection of AKI. One hundred and thirty-two patients at or over 60 years old undergoing PCI were included. Serum creatinine (SCr) was measured before PCI, 24 and 48 h after PCI; uL-FABP, uNGAL, and uKIM-1 were measured before PCI, 6, 24, and 48 h after PCI. We identified 16 AKI patients and selected 32 control patients matched by admission time (<1 week), age (±5 years), and gender. In the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the areas under the curve (AUCs) for the relative measurements of uL-FABP, uNGAL, and uKIM-1 were 0.809, 0.867, and 0.512 at 6 h after PCI, and 0.888, 0.840, and 0.676 at 24 h after PCI, respectively. AUC for the combination of uL-FABP and uNGAL was 0.899 at 6 h after PCI, and 0.917 at 24 h after PCI. Thus, measurement of uL-FABP and uNGAL levels at 6 and 24 h after PCI may be useful in detecting AKI in aged patients. Measurement of uKIM-1 levels provides inferior predictive power for early diagnosis of AKI.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Diagnosis , Urine , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Early Diagnosis , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins , Urine , Female , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1 , Humans , Lipocalin-2 , Urine , Male , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the long-or short-term impacts of neonatal Pxr(pregnane X receptor) agonists exposureon DMEs (drug metabolism enzymes) expression in adulthood. METHODS C57BL/6 mice(day 5,postnatal)were injected with different doses(0,50,100,150,200 mg·kg-1·d-1, constitutive 4 d)of PCN(pregnenolone-16a-carbonitrile).Mice at different ages(day 5,10,15,25,postna-tal)were administrated with 200 mg·kg-1·d-1PCN in constitutive 4 d.All mice were sacrificed at day 60 after birth. Liver samples were collected for detecting the expression of Pxr target genes. RESULTS Compared with vehicle group, the significant inductions of Cyp2b10, Cyp3a11 and Pxrwere observed in high dose groups (150, 200 mg·kg-1·d-1, 5-8 d after birth) both in male and female mice (n=4-9/group,P<0.05).Furthermore,high dose groups(200 mg·kg-1·d-1,5-8 d after birth)were found to have higher mRNA expression levels of Cyp2a4,Ugt1a1,Abcc4,and Oatpla4 in female mice,while Papss2 in male mice compared with vehicle groups (n= 4-9/group, P<0.05). Interestingly, a decreased mRNA expression of Sult2a1 was identified in 200 (5-8 d) groups (n=4-9/group, P<0.05). Consistent with these results, the protein expression of Cyp3a11 was only increased in 200 (5-8 d) groups compared with the vehicle groups(n=3/group,P<0.05).Importantly,the persistent impacts on DMEs only occurred in day 5 and day 25 treatment groups,not day 10 and day 15 groups(n=4/group).CONCLUSION Neonatal Pxr activation has a long-term effect on the expression of DMEs in C57BL/6 mice.Dose and treatment exposure time are two key factors involved in this permanent alteration procedure.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705314

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of perinatal inflammation on the expression of proin-flammatory cytokines and DMEs (drug metabolism enzymes) in offspring mice. METHODS C57BL/6 maternal mice were administrated with single dose 100 μg·kg-1LPS(lipopolysaccharide)or saline(vehicle) during gestation (day 10 after fertilization). Offspring mice were sacrificed at 30 d after birth and liver samples were collected.Real-time PCR was adopted to test the mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokines (Nrlp3 and IL-1β), nuclear receptors (Pxr and Car), and DMEs (Cyp3a11, 2b10, 1a2, and Ugt1a1).RESULTS Gender different expression of candidate genes was observed.The expression of Car,in the maternal injection of LPS groups,was significantly decreased in both female and male offspring (n=3-8/group, P<0.01). Concomitantly, a significantly lower expression of Cyp3a11 was found in both female and male offspring (P<0.01, P<0.05, respectively). Furthermore, the expression of Ugt1a1 was reduced in male offspring following maternal administration of LPS (P<0.01). In male offspring, Nrlp3 expression was specially decreased(P<0.05).Interestingly,there was an approximately 66% reduction in mRNA level of Cyp1a2 in female offspring (P<0.01), while in male offspring Cyp1a2 expression showed an increased trend (P>0.05) compared with vehicle group. The expression of Pxr, Cyp2b10, and IL-1β was no difference between LPS treatment group and vehicle group(P>0.05).CONCLUSION Maternal LPS administration affects the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, nuclear receptors and DMEs in mouse offspring.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To observe the effects of glycogen synthase 3β (GSK-3β) in the regula-tion of NLRP3 inflammasome activation after acute myocardial infarction (MI) in Sprague Dawley(SD) rats. METHODS Ligation of the left anterior descending (LAD) in SD rats was used to establish an acute myocardial infarction model. SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=10, each group):sham group,MI group,and MI+SB group:the GSK-3β inhibitor(SB216763)was given 1 h by intrave-nous injection(0.6 mg·kg-1·d-1)before surgery.The serum and heart tissue were collected to measure lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and IL-1β content and mRNA and protein levels of NLRP3, ASC, Cas-pase-1,IL-1β and GSK-3β after 2 days and 7 days operation,respectively.RESULTS The serum levels of LDH and IL-1β in the MI group were significantly higher than those in the sham group(P<0.01),and the MI+SB group was obviously lower than the MI group(P<0.01).In addition,mRNA and protein levels of NNLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1β and GSK-3β expressions in MI group were clearly increased (P<0.01) compared with those in sham group.These indicators were significantly decreased in SB+MI group (P<0.01). Interestingly, the indicators were all higher at 7 days than 2 days. CONCLUSION GSK-3β inhibition induces cardioprotection via attenuating the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome after the acute myocardial infarction in rats.

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