Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 37
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927903

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the difference between the built-in and external reference electrode of microwire electrode array in the process of recording rat brain neuron firings, optimizing the production and embedding of the microwire electrode array, and providing a more affordable and excellent media tool for multi-channel electrophysiological real-time recording system. Methods: A 16 channel microwire electrode array was made by using nickel chromium alloy wires, circuit board, electrode pin and ground wires (silver wires). The reference electrode of the microwire electrode array was built-in (the reference electrode and electrode array were arranged in parallel) or external (the reference electrode and ground wire were welded at both ends of one side of the electrode), and the difference between the two electrodes was observed and compared in recording neuronal discharges in ACC brain area of rats. Experimental rats were divided into built-in group and external group, n=8-9. The test indicators included signal-to-noise ratio (n=8), discharge amplitude (n=380) and discharge frequency (n=54). Results: The microwire electrode array with both built-in and external reference electrodes successfully recorded the electrical signals of neurons in the ACC brain region of rats. Compared with the external group, the electrical signals of neurons in built-in group had the advantages of a higher signal-to-noise ratio (P<0.05), a smaller amplitude of background signals and less noise interference, and a larger discharge amplitude(P<0.05); there was no significant difference in spike discharge frequency recorded by these two types of electrodes (P>0.05). Conclusion: When recording the electrical activity of neurons in the ACC brain region of rats, the microwire electrode array with built-in reference electrode recorded electrical signals with higher signal-to-noise ratio and larger discharge amplitude, providing a more reliable tool for multi-channel electrophysiology technology.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials/physiology , Animals , Brain , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Microelectrodes , Neurons , Rats
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 155-164, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927591

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to explore the involvement of dopamine D1 receptor of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in the regulation of chronic inflammatory pain-related emotion. On the first day, the rats were acclimated to the environment and the baseline indices were measured. On the second day, the rats were administered with the dopamine D1 receptor antagonist SCH-23390 or agonist SKF38393 in the ACC, and then they were subcutaneously injected with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA, 0.08 mL) in the left hind paw to establish conditioned place avoidance (CPA) response after pairing with specific environment. On the third day, the CPA response and the firing frequency of ACC neurons were observed synchronously, and the open-field behavior, mechanical pain behavior and paw withdrawal latency (PWL) tests were also observed subsequently. In other experiments, rats were given subcutaneous injection of normal saline (NS) on the left hind paw after SCH-23390 or SKF-38393 was administered in the ACC, and then the same observations were performed. The results showed that: (1) Compared with the control group, the PWL and mechanical pain thresholds of rats injected with CFA on the left hind paw were significantly decreased (P < 0.05); (2) The residence time of rats injected with CFA in the "pain environment" and open field center was significantly shortened (P < 0.05); (3) Pre-injection of antagonist SCH-23390 in ACC (10 μg) alleviated the anxiety-like negative behavior response induced by CFA (P < 0.05) and reversed CFA-induced increases of discharge frequency of ACC neurons (P < 0.05); (4) Pre-injection of agonist SKF-38393 in the ACC (10 μg) induced CPA-like behavioral response in rats injected with NS in the left hind paw, and increased the firing frequency of ACC neurons (P < 0.05); (5) Immunofluorescence detection showed that dopamine D1 receptor and NMDA receptor were co-expressed in the same neuron. These results suggest that inhibition of dopamine D1 receptor in ACC can alleviate the negative emotional response induced by persistent pain.


Subject(s)
2,3,4,5-Tetrahydro-7,8-dihydroxy-1-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepine/adverse effects , Animals , Anxiety , Chronic Pain , Gyrus Cinguli , Hyperalgesia , Rats , Receptors, Dopamine D1/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885575

ABSTRACT

A 44-year-old pregnant woman (G5P3) who had delivered two children with DMD was admitted and underwent prenatal diagnosis at Peking Union Medical College Hospital in 2019. (1) The karyotype of the fetus in 2019 was 47,XXY. The fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) result showed a nucish(CSPX×2, CSPY×1)[100] and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) suggested sex chromosome abnormality. Based on the above results, the fetus was diagnosed with Klinefelter syndrome. Fetal short tandem repeat (STR) linkage analysis and Sanger sequencing indicated a heterozygous mutation of c.9543delG(p.Trp3181CysfsTer2). (2) Sanger sequencing of the proband found a novel frameshift mutation of c.9543delG(p.Trp3181CysfsTer2 ) in exon 65 of the DMD gene. (3) The male fetus performing prenatal diagnosis in 2008 was found to have the same maternal gene markers as the proband with the same genotype. While the genotype of the fetus in 2009 obtained a different maternal gene marker from the proband and did not detect the same DMD gene mutation. This fetus was delivered at full term and was good during follow-up. (4) The elder brother and cousin of the proband had the same frameshift mutation in exon 65 of the DMD gene as the proband. The mother of the proband was a heterozygous carrier of the mutation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912868

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of long-snake moxibustion plus Western medicine for chronic heart failure due to heart-kidney yang deficiency.Methods: A total of 80 patients were randomized into a control group and an observation group, with 40 cases in each group. The control group was treated with routine Western medicine, and the observation group was treated with long-snake moxibustion therapy on the basis of routine Western medicine. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), stroke volume (SV) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd) were measured before and after treatment, and the heart function was assessed. The serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level was measured, the 6 min walking distance was recorded, and the Minnesota living with heart failure questionnaire (MLHFQ) was assessed and scored. The serum galectin-3 (Gal-3) and soluble growth stimulation expressed gene 2 (sST2) protein levels were measured. Clinical efficacy was evaluated after treatment. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, LVEF and LVEDd in both groups were significantly improved (all P<0.05), and LVEF, SV and LVEDd in the observation group were superior to those in the control group (all P<0.05). The heart function classification in both groups were improved after treatment (both P<0.05), and the heart function classification in the observation group was superior to that in the control group (P<0.05). The serum BNP level in both groups decreased (both P<0.05), and the serum BNP level in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The 6 min walking distance and MLHFQ scores in both groups were improved (all P<0.05), and the 6 min walking distance and MLHFQ score in the observation group were superior to those in the control group (both P<0.05). The serum Gal-3 and sST2 levels in the observation group decreased significantly (both P<0.05), and all lower than those in the control group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Long-snake moxibustion plus Western medicine has significant efficacy in treating chronic heart failure due to heart-kidney yang deficiency; it can improve heart function, reduce the serum BNP level, and improve the exercise endurance and quality of life in the patients. This may be related to the down-regulation of serum Gal-3 and sST2 levels.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799385

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of maternal X chromosome aneuploidies on cell free DNA (cf-DNA) prenatal screening.@*Methods@#After genetic counseling, invasive prenatal diagnosis was provided for the 124 cases with high risk of sex chromosome aneuploidie (SCA) indicated by cf-DNA prenatal screening. For cases with discordant results of fetal prenatal diagnosis and cf-DNA prenatal screening, maternal leukocyte was collected for copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) to detect whether the maternal X chromosome was carrying variations.@*Results@#Totally, 124 cases with high risks of SCA indicated by cf-DNA prenatal screening, 9 cases refused to take invasive prenatal diagnosis, while the remaining 115 cases received. Among the 115 cases, 41 cases received accordant results with cf-DNA prenatal screening while 74 cases discordant. Among the 74 cases with discordant results, 19 cases were indicated with maternal X chromosome variations by maternal leukocyte CNV-seq, which accounting for 25.7% (19/74) of the SCA false positive cases, and 15.3% (19/124) of all SCA cases.@*Conclusions@#Pregnant women with X chromosome variations may affect the results of cf-DNA prenatal screening, resulting in false positive or false negative outcomes, it should be emphasized that the cf-DNA results may be affected by maternal X chromosome variations. In cases with discordant results of prenatal diagnosis and cf-DNA prenatal screening, maternal leukocyte CNV-seq is recommended to find the reasons of false positive or negative results. And cf-DNA prenatal screening is not recommended for pregnant women who are already known with X chromosome variations.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868121

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of maternal X chromosome aneuploidies on cell free DNA (cf-DNA) prenatal screening.Methods:After genetic counseling, invasive prenatal diagnosis was provided for the 124 cases with high risk of sex chromosome aneuploidie (SCA) indicated by cf-DNA prenatal screening. For cases with discordant results of fetal prenatal diagnosis and cf-DNA prenatal screening, maternal leukocyte was collected for copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) to detect whether the maternal X chromosome was carrying variations.Results:Totally, 124 cases with high risks of SCA indicated by cf-DNA prenatal screening, 9 cases refused to take invasive prenatal diagnosis, while the remaining 115 cases received. Among the 115 cases, 41 cases received accordant results with cf-DNA prenatal screening while 74 cases discordant. Among the 74 cases with discordant results, 19 cases were indicated with maternal X chromosome variations by maternal leukocyte CNV-seq, which accounting for 25.7% (19/74) of the SCA false positive cases, and 15.3% (19/124) of all SCA cases.Conclusions:Pregnant women with X chromosome variations may affect the results of cf-DNA prenatal screening, resulting in false positive or false negative outcomes, it should be emphasized that the cf-DNA results may be affected by maternal X chromosome variations. In cases with discordant results of prenatal diagnosis and cf-DNA prenatal screening, maternal leukocyte CNV-seq is recommended to find the reasons of false positive or negative results. And cf-DNA prenatal screening is not recommended for pregnant women who are already known with X chromosome variations.

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 509-513, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867574

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of the long-term quality of life(QOL).Methods:According to the standard of diagnosis of primary lung cancer, a total of 74 patients with primary lung cancer were included in the study, who were first diagnosed by pathology and /or cytology and /or clinic from 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2016 in Tangshan Third Hospital, Heibei Province, and whose data were analyzed retrospectively.The Chinese version of FACT-L (4.0) QOL questionnaire was used to evaluate the QOL in 74 patients with primary lung cancer who survived more than three years.Multivariate regression statistical method was used to analyze the main influencing factors.Results:All patients with long-term survival lung cancer were treated by operation, their average QOL score was ( 126.62±13.29). Age, type of medical insurance and clinical stage had significant influence on QOL ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the total QOL scores between<50-year-old group(138.18±13.92) and ≥50-<60-year-old group(138.18±13.92, 137.04±12.82)(all P>0.05), but they were higher than that in ≥60-year-old group (115.28 ±13.11) (all P<0.05). The QOL of residents′ medical insurance patients (117.92 ±13.13) was lower than that of employees′ medical insurance patients (142.69±13.07) ( t=10.849, P=0.002). The QOL scores of stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ (140.34 ±12.88, 133.31±12.07) had no significant difference, but which were higher than that of stage III (96.84 ±13.46) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Patients with long-term survival lung cancer after surgery could maintain a better QOL by early detection, timely surgery and constantly improving the medical security system to reduce the financial burden of patients.

8.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 335-343, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835244

ABSTRACT

Background@#Zhongyi paste is a traditional Chinese medicine herbal paste that is externally applied to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. @*Methods@#An acute foot swelling inflammation model in C57BL/6J mice was established by carrageenan-induced pathogenesis. Zhongyi paste raised the pain threshold and also reduced the degree of swelling in mice with carrageenan-induced foot swelling. @*Results@#Analysis indicated that serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) cytokine levels and PGE2levels in the paw tissue of the mice were decreased by Zhongyi paste treatment. The quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot results showed that Zhongyi paste downregulated the mRNA and protein expression of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and also downregulated the mRNA expression of PGE2 . At the same time, the Zhongyi paste exerted a stronger effect as an external drug than that of indomethacin, which is an oral drug, and voltaren, which is an externally applied drug. @*Conclusions@#Our results indicated that Zhongyi paste is a very effective drug to reduce inflammatory swelling of the foot, and its mechanism of action is related to regulation of the ERK1/2–COX-2–PGE2 pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756128

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling of fetal nuchal fold (NF) thickening.Methods This study retrospectively analyzed 17 fetuses with increased NF detected by prenatal ultrasound examination in Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from December 1,2016 to December 1,2017.All cases were divided into isolated (isolated group) or non-isolated increased NF group (non-isolated group) according to whether the fetus had concomitant ultrasonographic abnormalities or not.Karyotype and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were performed on all cases.Clinical data,prenatal genetic testing results and pregnancy outcomes were analyzed.Results Of those twelve cases in the isolated group,two were terminated due to the identification of chromosomal abnormalities and pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs) and the fetal autopsy results were consistent with the prenatal diagnosis.The rest 10 pregnancies were all continued including one fetus carrying a variant of unknown significance,which was proved to be a paternal heredity by CMA,and nine without genetic abnormalities and all-these infants were healthy during follow-up.Among the five non-isolated cases,one was diagnosed as trisomy 21 by karyotyping and CMA,and the other four were found to have structural abnormalities under ultrasound scan,but without genetic abnormalities in karyotyping and CMA.And all the five pregnancies were terminated after genetic counseling and three of them chose whole exome sequencing (WES) for further test.One homozygous mutation in CHRNA 1 gene and one de novo mutation in SETD2 gene were found in two cases,respectively,while no abnormality was identified in the other one case.Conclusions Once increased NF were indicated by ultrasound examination,prenatal genetic testing should be offered to the patients,including CMA,regardless of other ultrasonographic abnormalities,and WES should also be offered when necessary.Considering a thickened NF is associated with increased risks of structural defects,a close follow-up with fetal echocardiography and ultrasound is required even the prenatal tests are normal.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707796

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of bacterial artificial chromosome-on-beads(BoBs) technology in the genetic analysis of early missed abortion chorionic villi. Methods Early missed abortion chorionic villi were detected with both conventional karyotyping method and BoBs technology in Peking Union Medical Hospital from July 2014 to March 2015. Compared the results of BoBs with conventional karyotyping analysis to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of this new method. Results (1) A total of 161 samples were tested successfully in the technology of BoBs, 131 samples were tested successfully in the method of conventional karyotyping.(2)All of the cases obtained from BoBs results in(2.7 ± 0.6) days and obtained from conventional karyotyping results in (22.5 ± 1.9) days. There was significant statistical difference between the two groups(t=123.315, P<0.01).(3)Out of 161 cases tested in BoBs, 85(52.8%, 85/161)cases had the abnormal chromosomes, including 79 cases chromosome number abnormality, 4 cases were chromosome segment deletion, 2 cases mosaic. Out of 131 cases tested successfully in conventional karyotyping, 79(60.3%, 79/131)cases had the abnormal chromosomes including 62 cases chromosome number abnormality, 17 cases other chromosome number abnormality, and the rate of chromosome abnormality between two methods was no significant differences(P=0.198).(4)Conventional karyotyping results were served as the gold standard, the accuracy of BoBs for abnormal chromosomes was 82.4%(108/131), analysed the normal chromosomes (52 cases) and chromosome number abnormality (62 cases)tested in conventional karyotyping, the accuracy of BoBs for chromosome number abnormality was 94.7%(108/114). Conclusion BoBs is a rapid reliable and easily operated method to test early missed abortion chorionic villi chromosomal abnormalities.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 425-428, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706700

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes of serum markers of liver function and liver fibrosis in patients with fatty liver,and to explore the relationship between them,so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of fatty liver into hepatic fibrosis. Methods From January 1st,2015 to December 31st, 2015,one thousand three hundred and forty-six healthy cases were selected,and 361 cases of fatty liver were diagnosed by ultrasound. Liver function index of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) was detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. Hyaluronic acid (HA),laminin (LN),serum type Ⅲprocollagen peptide ( PC Ⅲ) and type Ⅳ collagen ( C-Ⅳ) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The correlation between liver function and serum liver fibrosis indexes was analyzed by Pearson parameter analysis. Results The liver function index ALT,AST((69. 04±18. 72) U/L,(59. 78±15. 65)U/L) in fatty liver group were higher than those in the non-fatty liver group((25. 71±10. 25) U/L,(23. 68±8. 23) U/L),the differences were statistically significant ( t=279. 283,388. 461,P<0. 05) . Four serum fibrosis index HA,LN, PCⅢ,C-Ⅳ in the fatty liver group were (112. 64±21. 63) μg/L,(125. 85±27. 52) μg/L,(127. 28±29. 37) μg/L,(79. 38±18. 52) μg/L,respectively,which were higher than those in the non-fatty liver group ( (53. 98 ±16. 84) μg/L,(86. 31±20. 46) μg/L,(53. 31±18. 23) μg/L,(57. 26±15. 86 ) μg/L),the differences were statistically significant ( t=727. 724,170. 432,941. 357,71. 169,P<0. 001) . The correlation analysis of liver function and serum liver fibrosis indexes showed that ALT and AST were positively correlated with the fibrosis indexes HA,LN,PCⅢ( correlation coefficient r=0. 230,0. 119,0. 370;0. 363,0. 361,0. 509,P<0. 001),and which had no significant correlation with C-Ⅳ(P>0. 05). Conclusion Liver function and serum liver fibrosis index can be used as the important basis for monitoring and diagnosis on the progression of fatty liver disease.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 26-29, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664011

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the prevalence of fatty liver in male patients and to explore the risk factors of the disease,so as to provide theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of fatty liver in male patients.Methods A total of one thousand seven hundred and eight male patients with physical examination in 2016 in Tangshan Third Hospital were selected, and 488 cases of fatty liver were diagnosed by ultrasonography.The prevalence of fatty liver in male patients with different characteristics was analyzed,the difference of blood biochemical indexes between fatty liver and non fatty liver groups was compared,and the non-conditional logistic regression model was used to explore the risk factors affecting the prevalence of fatty liver in males.Results The prevalence rate of fatty liver in males was 28.6%(488/1708).The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the individual characteristics(age,BMI,smoking,drinking)and biochemical indexes(FPG,TC,TG,HDL-C,LDL-C)had significant effects on the prevalence of fatty liver in male patients(P<0.05).The prevalence rate of fatty liver increased with age(χ2=77.321,P<0.05),the prevalence rates of<40 years old,≥40 years-<50 years,≥50 years-<60 years,above 60 years were 14.9%(68/488),25.0%(80/488),32.7%(132/488),39.4%(208/488)respectively.Overweight,obesity,smoking and drinking increased the risk of fatty liver disease,and the OR values were 3.173,4.175,2.401 and 3.249 respectively.The biochemical indexes FPG,TC,TG,LDL-C in the fatty liver group((7.61 ± 2.85)mmol/L, (6.55±1.52)mmol/L,(1.97±0.68)mmol/L,(3.18±0.93)mmol/L)were higher than those in the non fatty liver group((5.17 ±1.37)mmol/L,(5.49 ± 1.46)mmol/L,(1.47 ± 0.71)mmol/L,(2.86 ± 0.81)mmol/L),the differences were statistically significant(t=580.648,220.727,176.356,33.596,P<0.05),HDL-C was lower than that in non fatty liver group((1.18 ± 0.38)mmol/L vs.(1.29 ± 0.41)mmol/L,t =42.261,P<0.05).Conclusion The prevalence of male fatty liver was higher.Age,obesity,smoking,alcohol consumption, glucose metabolism and lipid metabolism disorder were closely related to the occurrence of fatty liver in male.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667033

ABSTRACT

[Abstrcat] Objectives To analyze 3 cases of 17q12 microdeletion syndrome diagnosed prenatally, and to demonstrate clinical phenotype of the syndrome in prenatal setting.Methods From January 2013 to July 2017,1 370 women received invasive prenatal diagnosis and chromosome microarray analysis(CMA)in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Among them, 3 fetuses were diagnosed as 17q12 microdeletion syndrome.All 3 cases were low-risk pregnancies.Abnormal structures in fetal kidney were found in all 3 cases, including 1 case of multiple renal cysts,2 cases of bilateral hyperechogenic kidneys.These women accepted invasive prenatal diagnosis followed by karyotyping, parental fluorescence in situ hybridization or CMA validation.Results The second and third trimester ultrasound showed that all 3 fetuses had bilateral renal structural abnormalities, including hyperechogenic kidney, multiple cysts and renal pelvis dilatation. The karyotyping of the 3 fetuses were normal.CMA examination showed that each case had 1.4-1.6 Mb deletion in 17q12 region.Two cases were de novo deletion and 1 case was inherited from the mother who had mild symptoms. The 3 women decided to terminate pregnancies after genetic counseling. Conclusion 17q12 microdeletion syndrome is a recurrent chromosome microdeletion syndrome, and the unique phenotype in prenatal setting is the abnormal structure of bilateral kidneys.A few cases of 17q12 microdeletion syndrome even inherited normally phenotypical parents, and prenatal genetic counseling of 17q12 microdeletion syndrome is relatively difficult.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 611-616, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615945

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of non-T cell binding peptide(FNS007)on collagen type Ⅱ-induced arthritis(CIA)in mice and the possible mechanisms.Methods The CIA model was induced by intradermal injection of bovine CⅡ+Freunds adjuvant.At the clinical onset of CIA,mice were randomly divided into 6 groups: blank control group(Control),model group,ORENCIA(abatacept)group,FNS007 low dose(1.2 mg·kg-1)group,FNS007 middle dose(2.4 mg·kg-1)group and FNS007 high dose(4.8 mg·kg-1)group.FNS007 was given by intravenous injection on the first day of arthritis and every other day until the study was terminated on d 28 after injection of the drug.The paw thickness and the ankle joint width were measured,and the arthritis scores were recorded.At termination,interferon-γ(IFN-γ),tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),interleukin-6(IL-6)and level of anti-CⅡ antibody in serum were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).Bone injury was analyzed by X-ray imaging,and HE staining was conducted to observe the histopathologic changes and pathological score of ankle tissues.Results CIA models were successfully induced.Compared with CIA group,FNS007 high dose significantly reduced the paw thickness and the ankle joint left-right diameter,lowered arthritis scores in CIA mice,reduced serum concentrations of IFN-γ,IL-6 and anti-CⅡ antibodies,and lowered the radiographic and histologic scores.Compared with CIA group,FNS007 middle dose group showed marked reduction in the arthritis scores,IL-6 content in serum,and inhibion in the radiographic and histologic scores.The arthritis scores,concentration of IFN-γ,the radiographic and histologic scores were significantly reduced in FNS007 low dose group compared with those in model group.Conclusion FNS007 can effectively inhibit the progression of CIA through inhibiting T-cell activation and reducing inflammatory cytokines,anti-CⅡ antibodies,and histoclasia and bone destruction.

15.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1381-1385, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of FNS007 on collagen Ⅱ-induced arthritis(CIA) rat models and investigate the underlying mechanism.Methods: CIA model was induced by intradermal injection of Freunds adjuvant and bovine CⅡ.Rats were randomly divided into six groups:normal control group,model group,methotrexate group,high,middle and low doses of FNS007 groups,with 12 rats in each group.FNS007 was gived by intravenous injection,the normal control and model group were administrated with PBS.Observing the paw thickness,ankle joint width and the arthritis scores in the CIA rats during the experiment.On d 22 after injection of the drug, all rats were killed.Interferon-γ(IFN-γ),tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),interleukin-6 (IL-6) and level of anti-CⅡantibody in serum were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).The pathological score and radiography of ankle joint were evaluated.Results: Data revealed that FNS007 treated groups showed a significant reduction in paw thickness,ankle joint width and the arthritis scores compared to model group (P<0.05,P<0.01),especially FNS007 high dose goup.The levels of TNF-α,IFN-γ,IL-6 and anti-CⅡantibodies in serum in high dose goup were significantly lower than those of model group(P<0.05,P<0.01).X-ray examination showed that FNS007 could significantly alleviate the damage of joint and decrease the radiographic scores.Pathological examination exhibited that FNS007 could significantly reduce pathological scores,alleviate inflammatory cell infiltration and synovial hyperplasia,improve the histopathological changes.Conclusion: FNS007 has a treating effect on CIA rats,and the mechanisms may be through competitive inhibition of T cell,inhibiting inflammatory cytokines and anti-CⅡantibodies secretion,regulating the abnormal immune responses.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469129

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the residual risk (i.e.failure risk in detecting aneuploidies abnormalities except for chromosome 13,18,21,X and Y) of cytogenetic abnormalities using interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the second-trimester amniocytes.Methods The results of interphase FISH and conventional karyotyping of 2 837 consecutive amniotic fluid specimens were analyzed retrospectively.Probes for chromosomes 13,18,21,X and Y were used.The detection rate and residual risk for interphase FISH were calculated for the following three major clinical indications for prenatal diagnosis (advanced maternal age,abnormal maternal serum screening indicating an increased risk for trisomy 18 or trisomy 21,and ultrasound abnormalities).Results Consecutive interphase FISH and karyotyping of second-trimester amniocytes for prenatal diagnosis were performed from January 1,2010 to July 31,2013.Among the 2 837 cases,85 (3.0%) cases with abnormal karyotypes were found,including 73 cases of aneuploidies involving chromosome 13,18,21,X and Y,which were considered detectable by interphase FISH; 12 cases of chromosomal anomalies,other than aneuploidies of chromosome 13,18,21,X and Y,were diagnosed after karyotyping and were not detected by interphase FISH,including six cases of balanced rearrangements,five cases of imbalanced rearrangements,and one case of pseudomosaic of trisomy 20.Of these 12 chromosomal anomalies,three cases of imbalanced rearrangements involving chromosome 21 showed positive FISH results,and the other nine cases showed negative FISH results among which four case of hereditary balanced rearrangemerts and two cases of novel balanced rearrangements.The total detection rate for interphase FISH was 89.4% (76/85),the misdiagnosis rate of chromosome abnormalities was 14.1%(12/85),and the residual risk was 0.43% (12/2 761) following interphase FISH of the second-trimester amniocytes.Conclusions Interphase FISH is a useful adjunct to conventional karyotyping,but should not be regarded as a replacement for karyotyping as too many structural chromosomal abnormalities will be missed.Providing patients with a detection rate and residual risk during counselling may help them understand the advantages and limitations of interphase FISH in their prenatal diagnostic evaluation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458621

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prenatal diagnosis and prenatal genetic conselling of pseudomosaic trisomy 20. Methods One case of pseudomosaic trisomy 20 was analyzed and relative literatures were reviewed. Results A 31-year-old gravid 1, para 0 woman underwent amniocentesis at 18 weeks of gestation due to high risk of trisomy 21 during maternal serum screening in September, 2012. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of amniocytes with probes GLP13/GLP21/CSP18/CSPX/CSPY showed a normal result, while cytogenetic analysis of cultured amniocytes revealed a karyotype of 47,XY,+20[7]/46,XY[9]. The level of trisomy in the cultured amniocytes was 7/16. Cordocentesis revealed a karyotype of 46,XY in cultured cord blood cells. Interphase FISH analysis was performed using the probes D20Z1 (20p11.1-q11.1) and D20S1157/20QTEL14 (20 per/qter). Each probe showed two signals in all uncultured amniocytes. The prenatal ultrasound findings were unremarkable. The mosaicism was considered to be pseudomosaicism. After genetic counseling, the parents selected to continue the pregnancy. A healthy male baby was delivered at 39 weeks of gestation. Postnatal cytogenetic analysis revealed a karyotype of 46,XY in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Interphase FISH analysis of the uncultured buccal cast-off cells using the probes D20Z1 and D20S1157/20QTEL14 showed normal results in 100%cells. There was no phenotypic abnormality at the age of seven months. Conclusions When mosaic trisomy 20 is identified in amniocytes, further evaluation and genetic counseling are required. Interphase FISH of the uncultured amniocytes with a chromosome-specific probe is a useful tool for confirmation of the prenatal diagnosis of mosaicism. Genetic analysis of multiple tissues is required postnatally.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671687

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in increasing the accuracy and detection rate of chromosome aneuploid from spontaneous abortion specimens.Methods Chromosome 13,21,16 and 22 single sequence probes and centromere probes of 18,X and Y chromosome probes were used to detect 100 cases of spontaneous abortion villi samples.The results were compared with conventional karyotype analysis.Results (1) Karyotype analysis:Among 89 successfully cultured villi samples,51 abnormal karyotypes (57.3%) were found,including 37 cases of autosomal aneuploidies,four sex chromosome aneuploidies,two triploids,one tetraploid,one 68,XX and six chromosome structural aberrations.(2) FISH:The detection rate of abnormal karyotype was 38.0% (38/100),among which 25 cases were autosomal aneuploidies,five sex chromosome aneuploidies,three triploids,four XX chimeras and one triploid in chromosome 13,16,18 and 21.(3) Comparison of the two methods:Among the 11 samples which failed by conventional method,FISH found two abnormal samples.In specimens of 46,XY,three cases showed mosaicism by FISH.In specimens of 46,XX,two cases showed chromosomal abnormalities by FISH.FISH detected overall 65.5% (38/58) of the chromosomal abnormalities.Conclusions FISH combined with conventional chromosome analysis could improve the accuracy and detection rate of abnormal karyotypes in spontaneous abortion specimens.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329892

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of L-Arginine (L-Arg) on pulmonary surfactant (PS) expression and alveolar macrophage (AM) in rats with pulmonary injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Model of acute lung injury (ALI) was made by injection (iv) with LPS 5 mg/kg in rats. Fourty-eight male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups(n = 16): control, model (LPS) and L-Arg groups. L-Arg (500 mg/kg ip ,L-Arg group) or saline (control and LPS group) was administrated at 3 h or 6 h after LPS injection respectively for 3 h. The expression of surfactant protein A (SP-A) mRNA in the lung tissue was detected by ISH. The total protein (TP) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was detected. Rat AM were isolated from the bronchial alveolar lavage fluid of SD rats and harvested by selective plating technique. LPS and L-Arg were added to the culture medium. The concentration of nitric oxide (NO),the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), the contents of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin- 6 (IL-6) in the culture supernatants were respectively measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the expression of SP-A mRNA was significantly decreased, the TP concentration was significantly increased in LPS group. Compared with LPS group at the same time points, treatment with L-Arg at 3 h after LPS, the expression of SP-A mRNA in lung tissue was increased markedly, whereas TP concentration was decreased significantly. In cultured rat AM, LDH activity, NO, TNF-alpha and IL-6 contents in culture medium were significantly increased in LPS group to compared with those of control group. LDH activity, TNF-alpha and IL-6 contents were decreased in L-Arg group compared with those of LPS group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>L-Arg can protect the lung against LPS-induced pulmonary injury by up-regulating the expression of PS and inhibiting inflammatory transmitters from AM.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Animals , Arginine , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Lipopolysaccharides , Macrophages, Alveolar , Metabolism , Male , Pulmonary Surfactants , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 199-206, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335922

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effect of puerarin on retina pigment epithelial (RPE) cells of diabetic rats against apoptosis. One hundred and eight Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group, streptozotocin (STZ) group and puerarin group. STZ and puerarin groups received 3 d of STZ injection (45 mg/kg per day, i.p.). Additionally, puerarin groups were treated with puerarin (140 mg/kg, i.p.) from the 4th day to the end of experiment. The rats from different groups were sacrificed on 20, 40 and 60 d after STZ injection for harvesting RPE cells. Western blot analysis, DNA laddering, RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were used for determining the expression of nitrotyrosine (NT, the foot print of peroxynitrite), cell apoptosis, iNOS mRNA and Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) signal transduction in RPE cells, respectively. The results showed that control group maintained low apoptosis level and little NT, iNOS mRNA, Fas/FasL protein expressions, as well as normal blood glucose and body weight during 60 d of the experiment. Compared with control group, STZ group showed obvious apoptosis and higher NT, iNOS mRNA, Fas/FasL protein expressions from 20 d after STZ injection. Puerarin relieved apoptosis of RPE cells and decreased NT, iNOS mRNA, Fas/FasL protein expressions in puerarin group 20 or 40 d after STZ injection, compared with STZ group. These results suggest puerarin can decrease RPE cells apoptosis in diabetic rats by reducing peroxynitrite level and iNOS expression, thus being a potential therapeutic agent in controlling of diabetic retinopathy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Metabolism , Pathology , Diabetic Retinopathy , Fas Ligand Protein , Metabolism , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , Male , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Genetics , Metabolism , Peroxynitrous Acid , Metabolism , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Retinal Pigment Epithelium , Pathology , fas Receptor , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL