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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 740-744, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the adverse drug reaction (ADR)signals of ado-trastuzumab emtansine and brentuximab vedotin,so as to provide reference for clinical medication safety. METHODS Using the FDA adverse drug event reporting system (FAERS)database and OpenVigil 2.1 data platform ,the ADR of the two drugs were collected from being approved by FDA to the Sep. 30th,2021. The ADR signals were detected by frequency method and sorted according to the occurrence frequency and signal strength respectively. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS A total of 2 319 and 3 178 ADR reports related to ado-trastuzumab emtansine and brentuximab vedotin were collected ,215 and 329 ADR signals were detected respectively. According to the occurrence frequency,the most frequent ADR s of the two drugs were thrombocytopenia (109 cases)and febrile neutropenia (198 cases), separately,which were consistent with the drug instructions. According to the signal strength ,the spider nevus of ado-trastuzumab emtansine(report odds ratio of 451.46)and the noninfectious endocarditis of brentuximab vedotin (report odds ratio of 304.35) ranked first ,both of which were not reported in the drug instructions. It is suggested that attention should be paid not only to the most common ADR s of blood and lymphatic system caused by both drugs ,but also to the ADRs not reported in the drug instructions such as spider nevus of ado-trastuzumab emtansine and noninfective endocarditis of brentuximab vedotin.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Yishen Decoction via colonic dialysis on intestinal flora and microinflammation in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3-5. Methods:A total of 156 patients with stage 3-5 CKD from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou University of Chinese medicine from October 2019 to October 2020 who met the inclusion criteria were divided into 2 groups of 78 patients according to the random number table method. The control group was given colonic dialysis treatment, the treatment group was given Yishen Decoction transcolonic dialysis treatment on the basis of the control group, and both groups were treated for 8 weeks. TCM syndrome scores were performed before and after treatment, serum levels of CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α were measured by ELISA, and SCR, BUN, and uric acid (UA) levels were detected by a fully automated biochemical analyzer. Fresh feces were collected from the patients, anaerobic culture and aerobic culture were performed, and the numbers of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Escherichia coli were counted to evaluate the clinical efficacy. Results:The total effective rate was 97.4% (76/78) in the treatment group and 84.6% (66/78) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=7.847, P=0.005). At 4 and 8 weeks after treatment, the scores of lumbar and knee tenderness( t=6.596, 8.792), eating less and being dull ( t=12.060, 24.140) and pale complexion ( t=7.983, 12.300) in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01); the levels of bifidobacterium ( t=4.037, 2.358) and Lactobacillus acidophilus ( t=7.352, 2.092) were significantly higher than those in the control group, while the levels of Escherichia coli ( t=3.822, 6.084) were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). The serum CRP ( t=9.326, 12.300), IL-6 ( t=4.591, 4.716), TNF-α ( t=9.304, 9.775), SCr ( t=17.630, 11.530), BUN ( t=2.674, 2.248), UA ( t=10.860, 13.160) were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusion:Yishen Decoction can improve intestinal microecological status, inhibit microinflammatory response and relieve clinical symptoms for the patients with stage 3-5 CKD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907133

ABSTRACT

With the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), the life expectancy of HIV-infected individuals is increasing. As the result, more HIV-infected individuals are facing several chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Hypertension is one of the most important traditional CVD risk factors in HIV-infected individuals. It is of importance to make effective prevention and treatment of hypertension to decrease the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. In this paper, a literature retrieval was conducted by using PubMed, CNKI, WANFANG and VIP databases for studies on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals from 2009 to October 2020. Finally, 57 articles were included. This review aims to provide evidence for further research on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907125

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the infection of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea in men who have sex with men (MSM), and the factors influencing the acceptance of gonorrhea testing in Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (Dehong Prefecture), Yunnan Province. MethodsAcross-sectional survey was conducted to describe and analyze the acceptance of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea testing among MSM tracked in Dehong Prefecture in 2018. ResultsA total of 385 MSM were included in the analysis, with a 100.0% HIV and syphilis testing rate. The HIV antibody positivity rate was 10.6% (41/385) and the positivity rate of syphilis antibody was 14.8%(57/385). Only 30.4% of the subjects were willing to test for gonorrhea, and 13.7%(16/117)of them were test positive. Further multifactorial analysis revealed that local MSM and syphilis co-infected individuals were more likely to be tested for gonorrhea (aOR=2.48, 95%CI=1.33-4.65, P=0.004; aOR=2.59, 95%CI=1.43-4.71, P=0.002). ConclusionThe positive rates of AIDS, syphilis and gonorrhea in MSM population in Dehong Prefecture are relatively high. Integrated interventions of STD/AIDS and gonorrhoea detection should be strengthened.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907110

ABSTRACT

With the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), the life expectancy of HIV-infected individuals is increasing. As the result, more HIV-infected individuals are facing several chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Hypertension is one of the most important traditional CVD risk factors in HIV-infected individuals. It is of importance to make effective prevention and treatment of hypertension to decrease the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. In this paper, a literature retrieval was conducted by using PubMed, CNKI, WANFANG and VIP databases for studies on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals from 2009 to October 2020. Finally, 57 articles were included. This review aims to provide evidence for further research on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907102

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the infection of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea in men who have sex with men (MSM), and the factors influencing the acceptance of gonorrhea testing in Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (Dehong Prefecture), Yunnan Province. MethodsAcross-sectional survey was conducted to describe and analyze the acceptance of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea testing among MSM tracked in Dehong Prefecture in 2018. ResultsA total of 385 MSM were included in the analysis, with a 100.0% HIV and syphilis testing rate. The HIV antibody positivity rate was 10.6% (41/385) and the positivity rate of syphilis antibody was 14.8%(57/385). Only 30.4% of the subjects were willing to test for gonorrhea, and 13.7%(16/117)of them were test positive. Further multifactorial analysis revealed that local MSM and syphilis co-infected individuals were more likely to be tested for gonorrhea (aOR=2.48, 95%CI=1.33-4.65, P=0.004; aOR=2.59, 95%CI=1.43-4.71, P=0.002). ConclusionThe positive rates of AIDS, syphilis and gonorrhea in MSM population in Dehong Prefecture are relatively high. Integrated interventions of STD/AIDS and gonorrhoea detection should be strengthened.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905824

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate academic publications of students of the full-time master of public health (professional degree, MPH) program and explore their research capacity. Methods:A total of 160 students of the full-time MPH program admitted from 2010 through 2014 were included in the study. Their academic publications were retrieved for analysis. Results:The average number of academic publications was 1.35. Moreover, 10.2% of the students had academic publications in Chinese journals, and 12.5% had publications in SCI-indexed English journals. Type of disciplines, province they were from, and economic status of their family were determined to be significantly associated with academic publications in SCI-indexed journals. Conclusion:Students of the full-time MPH program have research capacity; however, they have achieved relatively few academic publications of high quality. Establishment of a teaching and training program is warranted in both practice and research for students in full-time MPH programs in universities.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an early warning index system to identify the outbreak of respiratory infectious diseases and to assess the epidemic risk of these diseases in Shanghai. Methods:A two-round Delphi survey with a panel of 31 experts was used to select the modifying indicators. All indicators were evaluated for necessity,feasibility,stability, and sensitivity through online questionnaires. Results:The consultation recovery rates of both rounds were 100%. The authority coefficient was 0.88, and the Kendall's W of the second-round consultation was 0.138 (P<0.001), suggesting a good coordination among experts’ opinion. Our early warning index system was developed after the two-round Delphi survey and included two sets of indicators, one for rapid risk assessment and another for monitoring and tracing risk. Both sets of the indicators involved three aspects: transmissibility, clinical severity and potential influence of emerging diseases. The rapid risk assessment system part covered 10 indicators while the risk monitor system part covered 23 indicators. In the rapid risk assessment system part, the weight value of the top three indicators were greater than 0.10, with the highest weight value of 0.171 for titled visiting rate of influenza-like illness patients in the Emergency Department or other outpatient visits. In the risk monitor system part, the weight value of the top eight indicators were greater than 0.05, and the greatest was 0.087 for R0 (basic reproductive number). Conclusion:The developed scientific and reliable evaluation indicator system can be used to forecast the outbreak and epidemic risk of respiratory infectious diseases. However, sensitivity and stability of the indicators need further validation and evaluation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888011

ABSTRACT

Thirteen compounds were isolated and purified from the leaves of Cinnamomum camphora by the macroporous resin,silica gel,and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. Those compounds were further identified by IR,UV,MS,and NMR techniques:( 2 S)-1-( 3″,4″-methylenedioxy phenyl)-3-( 2',6'-dimethoxy-4'-hydroxyphenyl)-propan-2-ol( 1),( 2 R,3 R)-5,7-dimethoxy-3',4'-methylenedioxy flavanol( 2),9-hydroxysesamin( 3),sesamin( 4),piperitol( 5),kobusin( 6),(-)-aptosimon( 7),acuminatolide( 8),1β,11-dihydroxy-5-eudesmene( 9),lasiodiplodin( 10),vanillin( 11),p-hydroxybenzaldehyde( 12),and p-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester( 13). Compound 1 was a novel compound,and compounds 2,6,7,9 and 10 were isolated from Cinnamomum plants for the first time. Compounds 4,7 and 10 were found to possess good inhibitory effect on IL-6 production in LPS-induced BV2 cells at a concentration of 20 μmol·L-1 in the in vitro bioassay,with inhibition rates of 51. 26% ± 4. 13%,67. 82% ± 3. 77% and85. 81%±1. 19%,respectively.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Cinnamomum , Cinnamomum camphora , Plant Leaves
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the survival status and explore factors related to death among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Taizhou City during 2006‒2019. Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the data on HIV-infected patients receiving ART in Taizhou during 2006‒2019. Kaplan-Meier (K-M) method was used to calculate the cumulative survival rate and cumulative treatment success rate. Cox regression model was used to determine survival status and factors associated with ART. Results:A total of 2 904 HIV-infected patients was included. The cumulative survival rate after 1, 3, 5, and 8 years of ART were 96.9%, 94.9%, 93.1% and 92.1%, respectively, and the cumulative treatment response rate were 91.3%, 85.3%, 81.8% and 73.8%, respectively. Compared with aged 18-30 years old, baseline CD4+T cell >350 count/μL, normal hemoglobin level, effective ART, no clinical symptom at baseline, and homosexual transmission, we found that aged 51-60 years old(HR=4.94,95%CI:1.66-14.69), aged over 60 years old(HR=9.14,95%CI:3.14-26.63), anemia at baseline(HR=2.24,95%CI:1.55-3.23), baseline CD4+T cell <200 count/μL(HR=4.35,95%CI:2.14-8.86), ART failure (HR=3.90,95%CI:2.73-5.58), heterosexual transmission(HR=1.92,95%CI:1.15-3.20), and signs of symptom at baseline(HR=1.68,95%CI:1.16-2.41) were risk factors of HIV-related death. Conclusion:The effect of ART in Taizhou City is confirmed with a high cumulative survival rate and treatment success. We should pay additional attention to senior HIV-infected patients with anemia at baseline and intensively monitor the effect of ART. Interventions such as “treat after discover” are supposed to be implemented more widely to further reduce HIV-related mortality.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of acupoint injection and intramuscular injection with mouse nerve growth factor (mNGF) on gross motor function development of children with cerebral palsy (CP), and explore the treatment mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 63 children with CP were randomly divided into an observation group (32 cases, 4 cases dropped off ) and a control group (31 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Based on the routine rehabilitation therapy, the control group received intramuscular injection of mNGF(18 µg/2 mL), and the observation group received acupoint injection of mNGF at Xinshu (BL 15), Ganshu (BL 18), Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23), Sanjiaoshu (BL 22), Shenting (GV 24), Baihui (GV 20), Fengfu (GV 16), Dazhui (GV 14), etc. Of them, 5-6 acupoints alternately were selected each time, and each acupoint was given 0.3-0.5 mL, totally 18 µg/2 mL. Both treatment were carried out once every other day for six months. Before and after treatment, the children's development of brain function was assessed using gross motor function classification system (GMFCS). Before treatment (T), after 2 (T), 4 (T) and 6 (T) months of treatment, the motor function was evaluated by gross motor function measure (GMFM-88). The systolic peak velocity (Vs), mean velocity (Vm) and vascular resistance index (RI) of anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) were measured, and the level of N-acetyl aspartate acid (NAA), choline (Cho), lactate (Lac) and creatine (Cr) from the basal ganglia, thalamus and periventricular white mater were detected by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) technology with MAGNETOM Skyra3.0T magnetic resonance imaging system before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before treatment, the GMFCS classification of the observation group after treatment was significantly improved (0.05), however, the observation group had a 3.142 times of feasibility for good gross motor function development by more than level 1 compared to the control group (<0.05). After 2, 4, and 6 months of treatment, the GMFM-88 scores of the two groups showed an upward trend (<0.01), and the increase of the observation group was greater than that of the control group (<0.05). Compared with before treatment, in the ACA and MCA, the Vs and Vm increased, RI decreased in both groups after treatment (<0.01), and in the brain, NAA/Cr increased, Cho/Cr and Lac/Cr decreased (<0.01), and after treatment, the Vs, Vm of ACA and MCA and NAA/Cr of brain in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<0.05), and the RI of ACA and MCA and Cho/Cr and Lac/Cr of brain in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The mNGF acupoint injection has a better effect on the gross motor function in the children with cerebral palsy compared with the intramuscular injection, and the mechanism may be associated with exhibiting the double effects of acupoint effect and the targeting therapy of drug, which can effectively improve the cerebral hemodynamics and the metabolism of cerebral nervous substances.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 393-399, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimization strategy of the Asia-Pacific colorectal screening (APCS) scoring system in the screening of colorectal neoplasms.Methods:From February to Decomber in 2016 and March to December in 2018, at Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Medical University, patients who received opportunistic screening colonoscopy were enrolled. Before colonoscopy, the APCS score (low-risk zero to one points, medium-risk two to three points and high-risk four to seven points), body mass index (BMI), fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and plasma methylated Septin9 gene ( mSEPT9) of all patients were detected and recorded. The results of colonoscopy and biopsy pathology were taken as the gold standard, the efficacies of the above methods in screening colorectal neoplasms were compared to determine and optimize the screening efficiency of APCS scoring system. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 494 patients were screened, of whom 133 cases were diagnosed with colorectal polyps, including 86 cases of colorectal adenomatous polyps (82 cases of non-progressive adenoma, and four cases of advanced-adenoma), and 47 cases of non-adenomatous polyps. According to the APCS score, the detection rate of colorectal adenomatous polyps of the high-risk group (33.3%, 33/99) was 2.02 and 3.76 times higher than those of the medium-risk group (16.5%, 39/237) and low-risk group (8.9%, 14/158), respectively (both Bonferroni correction test, both P<0.016). The detection rate of colorectal adenomatous polyps of patients with BMI>23.9 kg/m 2 was significantly higher than that of patients with BMI≤23.9 kg/m 2 (22.2%, 59/266 vs. 11.8%, 27/228), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=9.126, P=0.003). There was no statistically significant difference in the detection rate of colorectal adenomatous polyps between patients with positive- mSEPT9 expression and patients with negative- mSEPT9 expression (22.4%, 15/67 vs. 17.3%, 47/271) ( χ2=0.913, P=0.378). Among 158 low and medium risk patients (APCS score≤three points) who underwent simultaneous BMI measurement, FOBT and plasma mSEPT9 test, the detection rate of colorectal adenomatous polyps in patients with BMI>23.9 kg/m 2 was higher than that in patients with BMI≤23.9 kg/m 2 (17.8%, 16/90 vs. 5.9%, 4/68), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.957, P=0.030). The redetection efficacy of colorectal adenomatous polyps in patients with BMI>23.9 kg/m 2 and FOBT-positive was higher than that in patients with BMI≤23.9 kg/m 2 and FOBT-negative (28.1%, 9/32 vs. 8.0%, 4/50) and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=5.942, P=0.027). In addition, the redetection rate of colorectal adenomatous polyps of patients with positive expression of FOBT and plasma mSEPT9 was also higher than that of patients with negative expression (5/14 vs. 12.9%, 12/93), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.738, P=0.045). Conclusions:When the APCS scoring system is used for sequential screening of colorectal tumors, the optinal choice of BMI replacement or combined with FOBT can improve the patients′ compliance and screening efficiency, which has significant clinical significance and promotion value in the early diagnosis and treatment of colorectal neoplasms.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the intervention effect of narrative nursing on parent-child conflict in patients with chronic viral hepatitis b complicated with epilepsy.Methods:In 1 case because of parent-child conflicts caused by frequent attacks, depression, and anorexia behavior of chronic hepatitis b patients with viral hepatitis with epilepsy care process, the application of narrative postmodernism theory model of nursing and the nursing of the five core technologies: somatization, rewrite, restore, definition file, ceremony and treatment during the stay in hospital for patients and their parents were conducted three narrative counseling, two telephone follow-up after discharge, psychological intervention to the parent-child conflict problem.Results:Through narrative psychological intervention, no epileptic seizures caused by parent-child conflict occurred, depression was relieved, and no anorexia behavior was observed.Conclusion:Narrative nursing can help to solve the parent-child conflict between patients and their parents and promote physical and mental recovery.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823930

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the inhibitory effect on Burkholderia pseudomallei (B. pseudomallei) strain HNBP001 of a bacillomycin D-like cyclic lipopeptide compound named bacillomycin DC isolated from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens HAB-2. Methods: The antibacterial effect of bacillomycin DC on B. pseudomallei was determined using the disk diffusion method. The minimum inhibitory concentrations were evaluated by microdilution assay. In addition, transmission electron microscopy was performed and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay was carried out to determine the expression of MexB, OprD2, and qnrS genes. Results: Bacillomycin DC produced an inhibition zone against B. pseudomallei with minimum inhibitory concentration values of 12.5 μg/mL 24 h after treatment and 50 μg/mL at 48 and 72 h. Transmission electron microscopy showed that bacillomycin DC resulted in roughening cell surface and cell membrane damage. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis showed low expression of MexB, OprD2 and qnrS genes. Conclusions: Bacillomycin DC inhibits the growth of B. pseudomallei and can be a new candidate for antimicrobial agents of B. pseudomallei.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1623-1626, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822905

ABSTRACT

Childhood nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common cause of chronic liver diseases in children and adolescents; its unique histopathological and clinical features may lead to its progression to liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis, and liver cancer, and compared with adult NAFLD, it is more likely to cause other diseases and increase mortality rate. Therefore, early identification of risk factors for childhood NAFLD, effective screening of high-risk population, active prevention, and early diagnosis and treatment are key to effective clinical management of this disease. This article elaborates on the risk factors, screening methods, and preventive healthcare measures for childhood NAFLD, in order to standardize the comprehensive management of NAFLD, reduce the prevalence rate of NAFLD, delay its progression, and alleviate the economic and public health burden brought by the disease.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 337-340, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819380

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate and analyze the fluids intake, urine output and hydration status during spring among male college athletics from one university in Beijing, and to provide scientific evidence for launching targeted health education.@*Methods@#A simple random sampling method was used to select 109 male students in college with habit of exercise.Total drinking fluids was assessed by 7-day 24-hour fluid intake questionnaire. The water from food was assessed by the duplicate portion method and the weight method. The urine samples of 24-hour was collected for 3 consecutive days, and the volume, osmolality and specific gravity of urine were measured. The energy expenditure in exercise was estimated by using the exercise plan.@*Results@#The median drinking fluids intake, water from food, total fluids intake and urine volume were 1 789, 955, 2 701, 850 mL/d, respectively. 15.6% of the subjects were in proper hydration status, and 43.1% of the subjects were in dehydration. The differences between drinking fluids intake, water from food, total fluids intake and urine volume of subjects in the different BMI and BF% levels were not significant(P>0.05). The differences between drinking fluids intake and total fluids intake of subjects in the different energy expenditure in exercise levels were significant(χ2=9.20, 8.43, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Comparing with the normal college students, the drinking fluids intake and total fluids intake of male sports people were higher, the volume of urine was lower, and the hydration status was worse. The targeted health education about water intake was recommended.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 333-336, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819375

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the knowledge, attitudes and practices of drinking water among college students of Hebei Province, to provide evidence for health education.@*Methods@#A total of 715 subjects were selected from a university in Baoding City, Hebei Province in March 2017 by random cluster sampling. Knowledge, attitude and behavior of drinking water among college students were investigated by self-designed questionnaires.@*Results@#The awareness rate of water consumption of 1 500-1 700 mL was 19.0%, the awareness rate of drinking modes was 95.0%, the awareness rate of suitable drinking time was 30.1%, the awareness rate on drinking water was higher among girls and medical major sutdents (χ2=22.16, 12.49, P<0.05); the awareness rate on the relationship between insufficient drinking water and stroke, hypertension and coronary heart disease was generally low, with sophornore higher than freshman (χ2=11.10, P<0.05). The most common medium for accessing drinking water knowledge among the respondents was network (60.0%), followed by campus publicity/classroom teaching (48.3%). 99.6% of the respondents believed that drinking water was important to health, 98.3% were willing to change their drinking habits, 93.0% were willing to pay attention to drinking water education, and the proportion of female students was higher than that of male students (χ2=5.46, 6.49, 8.01, P<0.05). In real life, 48.4% of the respondents drank water on an empty stomach in the morning and 40.7% before going to bed. 45.5% of the respondents drank water when they thought of it.@*Conclusion@#College students in Hebei province are generally lack of appropriate awareness on water drinking, which varied in sex, grade and major. While the attitude towards water drinking is satisfactory, drinking behavior need to be improved.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 329-332, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819374

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate and analyze the amount and the type of fluid intake in spring among male college athletics in a university in Beijing, and to provide scientific basis and reference data for fluid intake-related education and formulating adequate water intake.@*Methods@#A simple random sampling method was used to select 109 male sports crowd from a college in Beijing. The information on amount and types of fluid intake were recorded using the validated 7-day fluid specific diary.@*Results@#The median amount of daily fluid intake among participants was 1 789 mL. The number of participants who reached the amount of adequate water intake for Chinese adult residents 60, which accounted for 55.1% of the total participants. There was difference on the amount of fluid intake among different participants after grouped by the quartiles of exercise consumption(χ2=9.20, P=0.03). There were also differences in the percentage of fluid intake reaching the recommended amount on adequate water intake(χ2=18.27, P=0.04). The median amount of plain water, dairy products, sports beverages, and other sugary beverages were 1 180, 40, 65, and 383 mL, respectively; which accounted for 67.1%, 2.2%, 3.7%, and 22.2% of daily fluid intake. There was difference on the amount of sports beverages among different participants after grouped by the quartiles of BF%(χ2=8.59, P=0.04). There was difference on the amount of sports beverages (χ2=8.25, P=0.00) and other sugar-sweetened beverages (χ2=8.57, P=0.02) among different participants after grouped by the quartiles of energy expenditure.@*Conclusion@#Among male sports population in a university in Beijing, the amount of fluid intake differed among different participants after grouped by the quartiles of exercise consumption. As the exercise consumption of participants increased, the water consumption increased. Participants mainly drink plain water, and there were differences on the types of fluid intake among participants with different BF% and different energy expenditure.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 654-659, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805448

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the prevalence and correlates of diabetes among HIV/AIDS who were on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefectures (Dehong), Yunnan province.@*Methods@#The database of HIV/AIDS receiving ART in Dehong was downloaded by using the basic information system of AIDS prevention and control in China. In this cross-sectional study, HIV/AIDS patients who were currently on ART and aged 18 years or above, were consecutively recruited, between July 2017 and June 2018, in Dehong. All the subjects underwent hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) testing. Patient with diabetes was defined as meeting any of these indicators (HbA1c ≥6.5%, baseline FPG ≥7.0 mmol/L, FPG ≥7.0 mmol/L in the most recent visit). Both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were carried on to evaluate the correlates of diabetes among the HIV/AIDS patients.@*Results@#In total of 4 376 HIV/AIDS patients were included for analysis, with the average age as (43.7±10.1) years, proportion of males as 53.8% (2 356/4 376) and the HCV positive rate as 24.1% (1 055/4 376). The mean years was (8.9±3.8) years after the HIV diagnosis was made, and the mean duration on treatment was (6.8±2.9) years. The prevalence of diabetes was 11.4% (500/4 376). Through multivariate logistic regression analysis, data showed that the risk factors of diabetes of HIV/AIDS on ART were: aged 40 years or above, being male, HCV positive, baseline body mass index ≥24.0 kg/m2, elevated TG ≥1.70 mmol/L in the most recent visit and baseline antiretroviral regimens under Efavirenz (EFV).@*Conclusions@#Prevalence rate of diabetes appeared higher in HIV/AIDS patients who were on ART in Dehong. Prevention and control measures should be targeted on HIV/AIDS patients who were with risk factors of diabetes as being elderly, male, HCV positive, overweight and higher TG. Further esearch is needed to evaluate the association between the use of EFV and diabetes.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 505-509, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805193

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the distribution of mitochondrial haplogroups and their correlation with neurocognitive disorder (NCD) in HIV positive individuals.@*Methods@#Baseline data were from the prospective cohort study of comparative HIV and aging research in Taizhou of Zhejiang province from January to December, 2017. A cross-sectional survey was performed in 448 HIV positive individuals. Sanger method was used for the sequencing and genotyping of whole mitochondrial genome of HIV positive individuals. NCD prevalence in the HIV positive individuals was assessed by Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) in questionnaire interviews. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the associations between mtDNA haplogroups and NCD.@*Results@#In this sample, mitochondrial haplogroups D (19.6%, 88/448), B (19.4%, 87/448) and F(17.0%, 76/448) were the most predominant haplogroups. The overall prevalence rate of NCD was 20.3% (91/448), and was high in haplogroups A (23.1%, 9/39), D (21.6%, 19/88), F (26.3%, 20/76) and M7 groups (26.1%, 12/46), respectively. In multivariable logistic regression analysis after adjusting confounding factors, such as age and gender, compared with haplogroup A, there were no differences in the prevalence rate of NCD among HIV positive individuals with haplogroup B, D, F, M7, M8, N9, and others.@*Conclusion@#The study explored primarily correlation between mitochondrial haplogroups and NCD among HIV positive individuals and suggested that there is no significant association between mitochondrial haplogroups and NCD, but further longitudinal investigation with large sample size of HIV positive population is needed to confirm this finding.

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