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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1106-1113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985640

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the combination of metabolism-related chronic diseases associated with the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in community residents in Shanghai. Methods: The baseline data of Shanghai Suburban Adult Cohort and Biobank were used to understand the prevalence of five metabolism-related chronic diseases, including obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, gout and diabetes, based on questionnaire survey, physical examination and blood biochemical detection. NAFLD was diagnosed by B-ultrasound detection and questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to analyze the association of 31 metabolism-related chronic diseases combinations with the prevalence of NAFLD. Results: The median age (Q1, Q3) of 65 477 subjects was 60 (51, 66) years, and men accounted for 40.6%. The overall prevalence of NAFLD was 38.2%, and the prevalence of HAFLD in patients without any of the five metabolism-related chronic diseases was 12.0%. The chronic disease combination with the strongest association with NAFLD was obesity + hypertension + hyperlipidemia + gout + diabetes in the total population (OR=37.94, 95%CI: 31.02-46.41), in women (OR=36.99, 95%CI: 28.78-47.54) and in age group ≥60 years (OR=36.19, 95%CI: 28.25-46.36). The chronic disease combination with the strongest association with NAFLD was obesity + hyperlipidemia + gout + diabetes in men (OR=50.70, 95%CI: 24.62-104.40) and in age group <60 years (OR=49.58, 95%CI: 24.22-101.47). Conclusions: The prevalence of NAFLD in community residents in Shanghai was high. Attention needs to be paid to health of obese people and weight loss should be promoted for them. Community health education should be strengthened for patients complicated with gout, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and hypertension and it is necessary to correct abnormal serum uric acid, blood sugar, blood lipids and blood pressure in a timely manner to reduce the risk of NAFLD.

2.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 78-82, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969298

ABSTRACT

Multimorbidity is the co‑existing of two or more chronic diseases or health problems. Widespread access to antiretroviral therapy has led to a marked improvement in the immune status and life expectancy among HIV-positive individuals. HIV-positive individuals suffer from higher burden of chronic non-communicable diseases and are more likely to show a premature aging and frailty trend compared with the general population. The consequent increase in the prevalence of multimorbidity leads to the increasing in medical and economic burden, and different comorbidity patterns may indicate different risk factors and have different effects on health outcomes, posing challenges to healthcare and comprehensive management for HIV-positive individuals. This review summarizes research advances in prevalence, associated factors and patterns of comorbidities among HIV-positive individuals.

3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 292-300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976259

ABSTRACT

Aerosol microorganisms are important constituents of aerosols. They participate in physical and chemical reactions in the air and are also closely related to disease transmission and human health. With the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, aerosol microorganisms have become a public health topic of great concern. Studying the composition and influencing factors of the air microbiome therefore has significant public health implications. Due to the limitations of traditional technologies for sampling and determination, the aerosol microbiome has not been fully understood. However, with the development and maturity of high-throughput sequencing technology, the aerosol microbiome has shown promising research prospects. This article reviews the composition, characteristics, detection methods and influencing factors of aerosol microorganisms, providing basic knowledge for further research on the air microbiome. In-depth research on microbial aerosols has significant implications on urban air quality control, national security and public health.

4.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 229-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976248

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the prevalence of HCV antibody positive and associated factors among drug users in Dehong Prefecture, Yunnan, and to provide scientific evidence for HCV prevention. MethodsQuestionnaire surveys and serological testing were conducted among 400 drug users continuously selected from four national AIDS sentinel surveillance in Dehong Prefecture between January and July during 2014‒2021. Results11 683 drug users were included. The prevalence of HCV antibody positive was 20.2% overall, and 14.9%, 20.1%, 22.4%, 19.8%, 22.5%, 20.6%, 24.5%, 19.0% from 2014 to 2021, respectively (trend Z=-3.78, P<0.001). Multivariable analysis indicated the following were independently associated with HCV antibody positive: that older age (OR=1.02, 95%CI: 1.02‒1.03), male (OR=1.70, 95%CI: 1.19‒2.42), unmarried (OR=1.64, 95%CI: 1.44‒1.87), divorced or widowed (OR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.48‒2.02), Jingpo ethnicity (OR=1.39, 95%CI: 1.19‒1.63), injection drug use (OR=15.46, 95%CI: 13.13‒18.12), and HIV infection(OR=4.96, 95%CI:4.12‒5.99). ConclusionThe prevalence of HCV antibody positive among drug users in Dehong Prefecture is high and increases with some fluctuations during 2014 to 2021, which highlights the need to develop interventions targeting this population.

5.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 217-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970741

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the safety, effectiveness, economics, innovation, suitability and accessibility of tetrandrine in the treatment of pneumoconiosis, and provide evidence-based basis for health policy decision-making and clinical practice. Methods: In July 2022, the system searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed databases (the retrieval time was from the establishment of the database to June 30, 2022), screened the documents that meet the standards, extracted and evaluated the data, and used the "HTA checklist" developed by the International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA) to evaluate the HTA report. AMSTAR-2 Scale was used to evaluate the quality of systematic evaluation/Meta analysis. CHEERS Scale was used to evaluate the quality of pharmacoeconomics research. The included cohort study or case-control study was evaluated with the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The included randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies were evaluated using the Cochrane Risk Bias Assessment Tool (Cochrane RCT) quality evaluation criteria. Comprehensive comparison and analysis based on the characteristics of the data included in the study. Results: A total of 882 related literatures were detected from the initial screening. According to relevant standards, 8 RCT studies were finally selected for analysis. Statistical results showed that basic treatment with tetrandrine could better improve FEV(1) (MD=0.13, 95%CI: 0.06-0.20, P<0.001), FEV(1)/FVC (MD=4.48, 95%CI: 0.61-8.35, P=0.02) and clinical treatment efficiency. Tetrandrine had a low incidence of adverse reactions. The affordability coefficient of tetrandrine tablets was 0.295-0.492. Conclusion: Tetrandrine can improve the clinical symptoms and pulmonary ventilation function of pneumoconiosis patients, most of the adverse reactions are mild, and the clinical application is safe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumoconiosis/drug therapy , Benzylisoquinolines/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Case-Control Studies
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 415-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969922

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) death attributed to insufficient whole grain intake in seven regions of China from 2005 to 2018. Methods: Based on China National Nutrition and Health Surveys and China Adult Chronic Disease and Nutrition Surveillance, ordinary Kriging method and locally weighted regression were used to estimate the level of whole grain intake of Chinese residents from 2005 to 2018. Based on the results of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 and Chronic Diseases Risk Factors Surveillance in China, we calculated the population attributable fraction (PAF), attributable death number and attributable mortality rate of T2DM due to insufficient whole grain intake in people aged ≥20 years in different regions of China, and we used the 2010 Chinese census data to compare the changes in T2DM deaths attributed to insufficient intake of whole grains in seven regions of China. Results: The whole grain intake levels of Chinese people over 20 years old in 2002, 2010 and 2015 were 19.0 g/d, 14.3 g/d and 19.8 g/d, respectively. The estimated overall whole grain intake level was 20.1 g/d in Chinese residents in 2018, and the intake level was 19.4 g/d in men and 20.8 g/d in women. Among the seven regions, the intake level was highest in northern China (47.4 g/d) and lowest in southwestern China (6.0 g/d). In 2018, the PAF was lowest in northern China (12.8%) and highest in southwestern China (19.3%). From 2005 to 2018, the PAF varied in the seven regions, and the PAF in northeastern China fluctuated around 18.5%. Other regions showed downward trends, especially in northern China and northwestern China, decreased by 26.4% and 21.2%, respectively. Over the past 14 years, the number of attributable deaths in the seven regions showed upward trends, with the highest annual average growth rate of 6.7% in southern China and the lowest annual average growth rate of 2.4% in northern China. In 2018, the standardized T2DM mortality rate attributed to insufficient whole grain intake in China was 3.13/100 000, and the attributable mortality was 3.21/100 000 in men and 3.05/100 000 in women. The standardized attributable mortality rate was highest in southwestern China (3.97/100 000) and lowest in northern China (1.78/100 000). From 2005 to 2018, the standardized attributable mortality rate increased by 11.5% in men and decreased by 8.1% in women. The standardized attributable mortality rate in southwestern, southern and central China increased by 23.7%, 21.3% and 4.2%, respectively. The standardized attributable mortality rate in northern, northwestern, eastern and northeastern China decreased by 20.9%, 11.0%, 4.5% and 3.9%, respectively. Conclusion: The whole grain intake level of Chinese residents was low, and the whole grain intake of residents in all seven regions should be increased, especially in the southwest, and men should have more whole grain intake than women to reduce the death risk in patients with T2DM.


Subject(s)
Adult , Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Whole Grains , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Chronic Disease , China/epidemiology
7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 393-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969919

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the prevalence of alcohol consumption and the burden of hemorrhagic stroke and hypertensive heart disease attributed to alcohol consumption in adults aged ≥20 years in 31 provinces in China from 2005 to 2018. Methods: Data from several national representative surveys was used to estimate provincial alcohol exposure level of adults aged ≥20 years from 2005 to 2018 by using kriging interpolation and locally weighted regression methods. Global disease burden research method and data, and China's death cause surveillance data were used to calculate the population attributable fraction (PAF) of hemorrhagic stroke and hypertensive heart disease and the deaths due to alcohol consumption in men and women aged ≥20 years in 31 provinces in China. China census data of 2010 were used to calculate the attributable standardized mortality rate. Results: In 2005 and 2018, the prevalence of alcohol consumption was 58.7% (95%CI: 57.8%-59.5%) and 58.4% (95%CI: 57.6%-59.3%), respectively, in men and 17.0% (95%CI: 16.6%-17.4%) and 18.7% (95%CI:18.1%-19.3%), respectively, in women. The daily alcohol intake was 24.6 (95%CI: 23.8-25.3) g and 27.7 (95%CI: 26.8-28.7) g, respectively, in men and 6.3 (95%CI: 6.0-6.5) g and 5.3 (95%CI: 5.0-5.6) g, respectively, in women. Alcohol exposure level was higher in the provinces in central and eastern China than in western provinces. The lowest exposure level was found in northwestern provinces. From 2005 to 2018, the PAF of hemorrhagic stroke death due to alcohol consumption increased from 5.5% to 6.8%, the attributable deaths increased from 50 200 to 59 100, while the PAF of hypertensive heart disease death due to alcohol consumption increased from 7.0% to 7.7%, the attributable deaths increased from 15 200 to 29 300. The PAF of hypertensive heart disease and hemorrhagic stroke was higher in men than in women, and in central and eastern provinces than in western provinces. In 2018, the standardized mortality rates of hemorrhagic stroke and hypertensive heart disease attributed to alcohol consumption were 4.58/100 000 and 2.11/100 000, respectively. Conclusions: The prevalence of alcohol consumption in men and daily alcohol intake of drinkers were relatively high in China, especially in eastern provinces. Alcohol exposure level was lower in women than in men. Regional measures should be taken to reduce the alcohol intakes in men and current drinkers in order to reduce the health problems caused by alcohol consumption.


Subject(s)
Adult , Male , Humans , Female , Hemorrhagic Stroke , Hypertension/epidemiology , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Heart Diseases/epidemiology , China/epidemiology
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 740-744, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the adverse drug reaction (ADR)signals of ado-trastuzumab emtansine and brentuximab vedotin,so as to provide reference for clinical medication safety. METHODS Using the FDA adverse drug event reporting system (FAERS)database and OpenVigil 2.1 data platform ,the ADR of the two drugs were collected from being approved by FDA to the Sep. 30th,2021. The ADR signals were detected by frequency method and sorted according to the occurrence frequency and signal strength respectively. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS A total of 2 319 and 3 178 ADR reports related to ado-trastuzumab emtansine and brentuximab vedotin were collected ,215 and 329 ADR signals were detected respectively. According to the occurrence frequency,the most frequent ADR s of the two drugs were thrombocytopenia (109 cases)and febrile neutropenia (198 cases), separately,which were consistent with the drug instructions. According to the signal strength ,the spider nevus of ado-trastuzumab emtansine(report odds ratio of 451.46)and the noninfectious endocarditis of brentuximab vedotin (report odds ratio of 304.35) ranked first ,both of which were not reported in the drug instructions. It is suggested that attention should be paid not only to the most common ADR s of blood and lymphatic system caused by both drugs ,but also to the ADRs not reported in the drug instructions such as spider nevus of ado-trastuzumab emtansine and noninfective endocarditis of brentuximab vedotin.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 541-547, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935424

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the hospitalization rates and influencing factors after diagnosis among HIV infection cases, based on real-world data in Yinzhou district of Ningbo. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted based on the databases of National AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System and Yinzhou Health Information Platform. The information about the following-up results, antiviral treatment data, electronic records of inpatient of the HIV cases reported during 2012-2020 were collected to analyze the rates, causes and influencing factors of hospitalization. Results: Among the 763 HIV infection cases reported in Yinzhou from 2012 to 2020, the hospitalization rate was 6.95% (53/763), and the number of inpatient was 2.59 per 100 person years. The hospitalization rate and the number of hospitalization per 100 person years in HIV infection cases were 3.16% (10/316) and 0.81 in those aged <30 years, 6.07% (15/247) and 1.59 in those aged >30 years, 7.86% (11/140) and 4.05 in those aged >45 years and 28.33% (17/60) and 17.40 in those aged ≥60 years respectively. Logistic multivariate regression analysis indicated that being aged ≥60 years was the influencing factor for hospitalizations in HIV infection cases (аOR=14.44, 95%CI:3.57-58.46). The hospitalization rates due to AIDS related diseases, cardiovascular diseases and metabolic diseases, and other diseases were 1.83% (14/763), 1.05% (8/763), and 3.93% (30/763), respectively. Conclusions: The hospitalization burden due to HIV infection was still mainly caused by those aged ≥60 years in Yinzhou, similar to that in general population and less proportion of hospitalizations were due to AIDS related diseases. The overall increase of hospitalizations due to AIDS was not obvious in Yinzhou.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , HIV Infections/therapy , Hospitalization , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 380-386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935399

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the correlation between club drug use and anal canal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in HIV-negative and HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in Taizhou. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Taizhou. HIV-negative MSM were recruited by convenient sampling in voluntary counseling and testing clinics of Taizhou prefectural CDC from August 2016 to October 2017, and HIV-positive MSM were recruited through the routine follow-up and management by Taizhou prefectural CDC from August 2016 to June 2019. A face-to-face questionnaire interview was conducted to collect the information about the socio-demographic characteristics, sexual orientation, sexual behavior, club drug use and other information of the participants. Anal canal swabs were collected for HPV genotyping. The correlation between club drug use and the prevalence of HPV infection were evaluated with χ2 test and logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of 69 HIV-negative and 345 HIV-infected MSM were included. The prevalence of any type of anal canal HPV infection in HIV-negative MSM (27.5%, 19/69) was lower than that in HIV-positive MSM (66.4%, 229/345) (χ2=36.114,P<0.001). The prevalence of self-reported club drug use in HIV-negative MSM was higher (17.4%, 12/69) than that in HIV-positive MSM (7.0%, 24/345) (χ2=7.886, P=0.005). For HIV-negative MSM, the prevalence of club drug use was higher in MSM who had homosexual group sex (P=0.036); the prevalence of HPV infection was 50.0% (6/12) in club drug users and 22.8% (13/57) in non-club drug users (χ2=3.674, P=0.055). For HIV-positive MSM, the prevalence of HPV infection was 70.8% (17/24) in club drug users and 66.0% (212/321) in non-club drug users (χ2=0.230, P=0.632). Multivariable logistic regression model showed that HPV infection in MSM was positively correlated with HIV infection (OR=5.42, 95%CI: 2.92-10.06), and the association between HPV infection and club drug use (OR=1.66, 95%CI: 0.75-3.71) was not significant. Conclusions: HIV infection was positively correlated with anal canal HPV infection in MSM in Taizhou. Club drug use was positively correlated with high-risk sexual behaviors, while its association with HPV infection needs further study.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Anal Canal , Cross-Sectional Studies , HIV Infections , Homosexuality, Male , Illicit Drugs , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections , Risk Factors , Sexual Behavior , Sexual and Gender Minorities
11.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 164-168, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932959

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the health screening results for adult men from high altitude areas in a Chengdu health screening center at high altitudes.Methods:The medical and physical examination results of 1 333 plateau people in Sichuan province people′s hospital health physical examination data management center who participated from 2014—2019 and aged 18-80 years old were analyzed. The general data of different age groups were compared using ANOVA analysis. The two groups were compared by independent sample t-test and Mann-Whitney U test, and χ 2 test was used to compare physical examination abnormalities among different age groups. Results:This population was generally overweight and obese, compared to the control group, with systolic blood pressure [(125.29±14.97) vs (123.52±14.87) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), height (168.64±6.26) vs (169.31±6.26) cm, weight (79.47±13.69) vs (71.02±10.62) kg, body mass index (27.91±4.45) vs (24.75±3.24) kg/m2, haemoglobin (169.03±15.18) vs (157.50±11.52) g/L, uric acid (393.12±75.48) vs (410.42±82.14) μmol/L, triacylglycerols 1.18(0.90, 1.69) vs 1.64(1.12, 2.37) mmol/L, total cholesterol 4.58(4.02, 5.15) vs 4.82(4.33, 5.36) mmol/L, HDL cholesterol 1.28(1.14, 1.46) vs 1.26(1.08, 1.46) mmol/L, LDL cholesterol 2.91(2.41, 3.42) vs 3.03(2.49, 3.60) mmol/L] levels were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The physical examination abnormalities detected were fatty liver, hyperlipidemia, abnormal liver function, hyperuricemia, elevated blood glucose, elevated blood pressure, gallbladder disease, abnormal kidney function, prostate hyperplasia, and erythrocytosis. The differences in the detection rates of the above abnormalities were statistically significant when compared between different age groups. Conclusion:The health status of the adult population from high altitude areas screened in our center is critical; therefore, appropriate health interventions need to be made.

12.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 335-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distributions of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes among newly reported HIV/HCV co-infected Burmese patients in Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province from 2016 to 2019.Methods:A total of 1 289 newly reported HIV/HCV co-infected Burmese patients in Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture were collected through the National Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Comprehensive Prevention and Control Data Information System From January 2016 to December 2019. Among them, 996 subjects with a plasma volume of ≥200 μL were selected to perform HIV and HCV genotyping. The HIV pol gene, the HCV core protein-binding envelope protein ( CE1) gene and non-structural protein 5B ( NS5 B) gene were amplified using the nested polymerase chain reaction.The phylogenetic tree was constructed by MEGA 7.0 software to classify the genotypes. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Trend chi-square test was used to analyze the trend of HIV and HCV genotypes. Results:Among the 996 cases with HIV/HCV co-infection, HIV and HCV sequences from a total of 554 subjects (55.6%, 554/996) were successfully obtained, and the genotypes of HIV and HCV were diverse. HIV genotype C (40.3%, 223/554) and BC recombinant (33.6%, 186/554) were the most prevalent, followed by genotype B (6.5%, 36/554) and circulating recombinant form (CRF)01_AE (3.6%, 20/554). HCV genotype 3b was the most prevalent (31.2%, 173/554), followed by genotype 6u (19.5%, 108/554), 1a (17.5%, 97/554), 6n (11.4%, 63/554), 3a (8.7%, 48/554) and 6xg (6.3%, 35/554). The prevalence of HIV genotype C showed a downward trend ( χtrend2=7.23, P<0.001), while the prevalence of BC recombinant showed an upward trend ( χtrend2=5.97, P<0.001), and the proportion of BC recombinant was higher than genotype C in 2019 (54.9%(101/184) vs 21.7%(40/184)). However, there were no statistically significant differences in the proportions of genotype 3b, 6u and 1a from 2016 to 2019 ( χtrend2=1.43, 1.79 and 0.39, respectively, P=0.152, 0.074 and 0.695, respectively). The HIV genotype distribution among patients with different ethnic groups were significantly different ( χ2=22.06, P=0.037). Conclusions:The diversity of HIV and HCV genotypes is high and complex among HIV/HCV co-infected Burmese patients in Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture. BC recombinant shows a trend of becoming the predominant HIV genotype among these co-infected patients. Therefore, surveillance of the prevalence of HCV and HIV genotypes in Burmese population needs to be further strengthened.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3592-3598, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888011

ABSTRACT

Thirteen compounds were isolated and purified from the leaves of Cinnamomum camphora by the macroporous resin,silica gel,and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. Those compounds were further identified by IR,UV,MS,and NMR techniques:( 2 S)-1-( 3″,4″-methylenedioxy phenyl)-3-( 2',6'-dimethoxy-4'-hydroxyphenyl)-propan-2-ol( 1),( 2 R,3 R)-5,7-dimethoxy-3',4'-methylenedioxy flavanol( 2),9-hydroxysesamin( 3),sesamin( 4),piperitol( 5),kobusin( 6),(-)-aptosimon( 7),acuminatolide( 8),1β,11-dihydroxy-5-eudesmene( 9),lasiodiplodin( 10),vanillin( 11),p-hydroxybenzaldehyde( 12),and p-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester( 13). Compound 1 was a novel compound,and compounds 2,6,7,9 and 10 were isolated from Cinnamomum plants for the first time. Compounds 4,7 and 10 were found to possess good inhibitory effect on IL-6 production in LPS-induced BV2 cells at a concentration of 20 μmol·L-1 in the in vitro bioassay,with inhibition rates of 51. 26% ± 4. 13%,67. 82% ± 3. 77% and85. 81%±1. 19%,respectively.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Cinnamomum , Cinnamomum camphora , Plant Leaves
14.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1199-1203, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Yishen Decoction via colonic dialysis on intestinal flora and microinflammation in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3-5. Methods:A total of 156 patients with stage 3-5 CKD from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou University of Chinese medicine from October 2019 to October 2020 who met the inclusion criteria were divided into 2 groups of 78 patients according to the random number table method. The control group was given colonic dialysis treatment, the treatment group was given Yishen Decoction transcolonic dialysis treatment on the basis of the control group, and both groups were treated for 8 weeks. TCM syndrome scores were performed before and after treatment, serum levels of CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α were measured by ELISA, and SCR, BUN, and uric acid (UA) levels were detected by a fully automated biochemical analyzer. Fresh feces were collected from the patients, anaerobic culture and aerobic culture were performed, and the numbers of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Escherichia coli were counted to evaluate the clinical efficacy. Results:The total effective rate was 97.4% (76/78) in the treatment group and 84.6% (66/78) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=7.847, P=0.005). At 4 and 8 weeks after treatment, the scores of lumbar and knee tenderness( t=6.596, 8.792), eating less and being dull ( t=12.060, 24.140) and pale complexion ( t=7.983, 12.300) in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01); the levels of bifidobacterium ( t=4.037, 2.358) and Lactobacillus acidophilus ( t=7.352, 2.092) were significantly higher than those in the control group, while the levels of Escherichia coli ( t=3.822, 6.084) were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). The serum CRP ( t=9.326, 12.300), IL-6 ( t=4.591, 4.716), TNF-α ( t=9.304, 9.775), SCr ( t=17.630, 11.530), BUN ( t=2.674, 2.248), UA ( t=10.860, 13.160) were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusion:Yishen Decoction can improve intestinal microecological status, inhibit microinflammatory response and relieve clinical symptoms for the patients with stage 3-5 CKD.

15.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1166-1175, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907133

ABSTRACT

With the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), the life expectancy of HIV-infected individuals is increasing. As the result, more HIV-infected individuals are facing several chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Hypertension is one of the most important traditional CVD risk factors in HIV-infected individuals. It is of importance to make effective prevention and treatment of hypertension to decrease the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. In this paper, a literature retrieval was conducted by using PubMed, CNKI, WANFANG and VIP databases for studies on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals from 2009 to October 2020. Finally, 57 articles were included. This review aims to provide evidence for further research on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals.

16.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1127-1130, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907125

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the infection of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea in men who have sex with men (MSM), and the factors influencing the acceptance of gonorrhea testing in Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (Dehong Prefecture), Yunnan Province. MethodsAcross-sectional survey was conducted to describe and analyze the acceptance of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea testing among MSM tracked in Dehong Prefecture in 2018. ResultsA total of 385 MSM were included in the analysis, with a 100.0% HIV and syphilis testing rate. The HIV antibody positivity rate was 10.6% (41/385) and the positivity rate of syphilis antibody was 14.8%(57/385). Only 30.4% of the subjects were willing to test for gonorrhea, and 13.7%(16/117)of them were test positive. Further multifactorial analysis revealed that local MSM and syphilis co-infected individuals were more likely to be tested for gonorrhea (aOR=2.48, 95%CI=1.33-4.65, P=0.004; aOR=2.59, 95%CI=1.43-4.71, P=0.002). ConclusionThe positive rates of AIDS, syphilis and gonorrhea in MSM population in Dehong Prefecture are relatively high. Integrated interventions of STD/AIDS and gonorrhoea detection should be strengthened.

17.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1166-1175, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907110

ABSTRACT

With the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), the life expectancy of HIV-infected individuals is increasing. As the result, more HIV-infected individuals are facing several chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Hypertension is one of the most important traditional CVD risk factors in HIV-infected individuals. It is of importance to make effective prevention and treatment of hypertension to decrease the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. In this paper, a literature retrieval was conducted by using PubMed, CNKI, WANFANG and VIP databases for studies on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals from 2009 to October 2020. Finally, 57 articles were included. This review aims to provide evidence for further research on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals.

18.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1127-1130, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907102

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the infection of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea in men who have sex with men (MSM), and the factors influencing the acceptance of gonorrhea testing in Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (Dehong Prefecture), Yunnan Province. MethodsAcross-sectional survey was conducted to describe and analyze the acceptance of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea testing among MSM tracked in Dehong Prefecture in 2018. ResultsA total of 385 MSM were included in the analysis, with a 100.0% HIV and syphilis testing rate. The HIV antibody positivity rate was 10.6% (41/385) and the positivity rate of syphilis antibody was 14.8%(57/385). Only 30.4% of the subjects were willing to test for gonorrhea, and 13.7%(16/117)of them were test positive. Further multifactorial analysis revealed that local MSM and syphilis co-infected individuals were more likely to be tested for gonorrhea (aOR=2.48, 95%CI=1.33-4.65, P=0.004; aOR=2.59, 95%CI=1.43-4.71, P=0.002). ConclusionThe positive rates of AIDS, syphilis and gonorrhea in MSM population in Dehong Prefecture are relatively high. Integrated interventions of STD/AIDS and gonorrhoea detection should be strengthened.

19.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1100-1103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905824

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate academic publications of students of the full-time master of public health (professional degree, MPH) program and explore their research capacity. Methods:A total of 160 students of the full-time MPH program admitted from 2010 through 2014 were included in the study. Their academic publications were retrieved for analysis. Results:The average number of academic publications was 1.35. Moreover, 10.2% of the students had academic publications in Chinese journals, and 12.5% had publications in SCI-indexed English journals. Type of disciplines, province they were from, and economic status of their family were determined to be significantly associated with academic publications in SCI-indexed journals. Conclusion:Students of the full-time MPH program have research capacity; however, they have achieved relatively few academic publications of high quality. Establishment of a teaching and training program is warranted in both practice and research for students in full-time MPH programs in universities.

20.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 779-784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the survival status and explore factors related to death among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Taizhou City during 2006‒2019. Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the data on HIV-infected patients receiving ART in Taizhou during 2006‒2019. Kaplan-Meier (K-M) method was used to calculate the cumulative survival rate and cumulative treatment success rate. Cox regression model was used to determine survival status and factors associated with ART. Results:A total of 2 904 HIV-infected patients was included. The cumulative survival rate after 1, 3, 5, and 8 years of ART were 96.9%, 94.9%, 93.1% and 92.1%, respectively, and the cumulative treatment response rate were 91.3%, 85.3%, 81.8% and 73.8%, respectively. Compared with aged 18-30 years old, baseline CD4+T cell >350 count/μL, normal hemoglobin level, effective ART, no clinical symptom at baseline, and homosexual transmission, we found that aged 51-60 years old(HR=4.94,95%CI:1.66-14.69), aged over 60 years old(HR=9.14,95%CI:3.14-26.63), anemia at baseline(HR=2.24,95%CI:1.55-3.23), baseline CD4+T cell <200 count/μL(HR=4.35,95%CI:2.14-8.86), ART failure (HR=3.90,95%CI:2.73-5.58), heterosexual transmission(HR=1.92,95%CI:1.15-3.20), and signs of symptom at baseline(HR=1.68,95%CI:1.16-2.41) were risk factors of HIV-related death. Conclusion:The effect of ART in Taizhou City is confirmed with a high cumulative survival rate and treatment success. We should pay additional attention to senior HIV-infected patients with anemia at baseline and intensively monitor the effect of ART. Interventions such as “treat after discover” are supposed to be implemented more widely to further reduce HIV-related mortality.

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