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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the anti-inflammatory effect and its mechanism of Euphorbiae Ebarcteolatae Radix bacteriostasis ointment in eczema mice induced by 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB). Method:A total of 40 ICR adult mice were randomly divided into control group,model group,hydrocortisone Butyrate cream group (0.09g·kg-1) and Euphorbiae Ebarcteolatae Radix bacteriostasis ointment group (0.09 g·kg-1), with 10 mice in each group. Except for the normal group, other groups were given DNCB to induce the chronic eczema model. Twenty-four hours after DNCB stimulation, they were given the corresponding drugs through auricle and back, twice a day for 10 days. After drug intervention, efforts were made to measure the change of thickness and weight of the middle ear, assess the allergic effect, and calculate the spleen index of the mice. Optical microscope was used to observe the pathological changes in ear tissues of mice. And the levels of serum interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-4 (IL-4) in mice were determined by multiplex immunoassay. Result:Compared with control group, the thickness and weight of right ears, score of allergic effect, spleen index and the levels of IL-2 and IL-4 in serum showed significant increases in model group (P<0.05,P<0.01). The histopathology injuries of ear were aggravated. Compared with model control group, Euphorbiae Ebarcteolatae Radix bacteriostasis ointment could reduce ear thickness and score of allergic effect, regulate the spleen index, decrease the inflammation factor in serum such as IL-2 and IL-4 (P<0.05,P<0.01), and improve ear histopathology injuries. Conclusion:Euphorbiae Ebarcteolatae Radix bacteriostasis ointment may have a good effect on eczema.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate that the effect of ethanol extracts from Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma on the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)and Smad3 in the hypertrophic scars of rabbit ears and elucidate its mechanism to improve hypertrophic scars. Method:The model of hypertrophic ear scar model was established by damaging the inner skin of ears in New Zealand white rabbits.The 49 rabbits were randomly divided into control group, model group, low, medium and high-dose ethanol extracts groups from Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma (0.4,1.0,2.0 g·kg-1), asiaticoside ointment group(5 mg·kg-1) and compound heparin sodium allantoin gel group(20 mg·kg-1), 7 rabbits per group. Except control group, the different drug about 0.5 mL had been applied the hypertrophic scar of rabbit ears once a day. After 42 days, the tissues of hypertrophic scar were obtained. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining was used to observe the pathological changes of rabbit ear scar tissue and determine the scar hyperplasia index. The expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 in scar tissue of rabbit ears were detected by immunohistochemistry, Western blot and reverse transcription PCR(RT-PCR). Result:Compared with control group, the pathological changes of the ear scars in the model group showed obvious hyperplasia and higher hyperplasia index (P<0.01). Meanwhile, the expressions of TGF-β1 and Smad3 in scar tissue of rabbit ears were significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the pathological structures of the ear scar tissue were significantly improved and the hyperplasia index of ear scar tissue was clearly reduced in medium and high-dose groups of ethanol extracts from Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma(P<0.05,P<0.01). The protein and mRNA expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 in scar tissue were also decreased in different group of ethanol extracts from Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma compared with the model group (P<0.05,P<0.01). Conclusions:Ethanol extracts from Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma may play a curative role in inhibiting hypertrophic scars by reducing the expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 in scar tissue and inhibiting the TGF-β1/Smads signal transduction pathway. These provides the experimental basis for the clinical application of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma in the treatment of hypertrophic scars.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801958

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of manual decocting and machine decocting on the chemical constituents in Bazhentang based on non-targeted metabolomics, and to find the differential chemical constituents of these two decocting methods. Method: Bazhentang was boiled by standardized manual decocting and machine decocting methods,respectively. Orthogonal partial least square-discriminate analysis(OPLS-DA) and other multivariate statistical methods, combined with variable importance in the projection(VIP) value and t-test, were employed to analyze the effect of two decocting methods on the chemical constituents in Bazhentang. The differential chemical constituents were analyzed by UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS under positive and negative ion modes,mobile phase was acetonitrile-0.1%formic acid aqueous solution for gradient elution,the scanning range was m/z 50-1 500. Result: Under the positive and negative ion modes of high-resolution mass spectrometry, a total of 87 differential components were found,40 of them were identified according to the mass spectrometry data and literature reports, including senkyunolide A, glycyrrhizin, ferulic acid, etc. Conclusion: Based on the analysis of color and chemical compositions of Bazhentang, there are obvious differences between the standardized manual decocting and machine decocting. If the advantages of these two methods are combined,a standardized decoction process can be established on the basis of maintaining the advantages of manual decocting, the effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine decoction will be maximized and it will be convenient for patients to take it.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693651

ABSTRACT

The excel statistical software and standard research methods were applied to account the application and approval rates of NSFC of Xiyuan Hospital of CACMS in the recent 3 years. The application and feedback issued by NSFC were collated and analyzed in this paper. From the foundation management, all departments had higher enthusiasm on project application, but departments applied were relatively centralized. The approval rates had risen steadily in the past 3 years. And approved projects mainly focused on departments of cardiovascular, hematology, spleen and stomach, geriatrics and basic medicine. However, no higher level projects were not supported successful by NSFC. And research awards for Xiyuan Hospital were mainly supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology and NSFC. In order to enhance successful rates of application and guarantee development of science research more sustainable, rapid and healthy, enthusiasm of researchers should be stimulated; quality of declaration should be improved; new mechanism of scientific research management need be perfected; and a good research environment should be built.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616076

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the common traditional Chinese medicine syndrome types, therapies and formulas of the wind of four fossae. This will provide reference for the formulation of the guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine in the wind of four fossae. Methods Delphi method using questionnaires were developed based on literature about TCM syndromes and treatment of the wind of four fossae. The questionnaire were sent to 25 experts nationwide for 2 rounds. The database of the collected data was established. The mean, full score ratio, rank sum and coefficient of variation were described and by SAS 6.12 statistical software. Results A total of 21 valid questionnaires were recovered in the first round and 23 valid questionnaires in the second round. The active coefficient of the experts was 84% and 92%, respectively. The results showed that syndromes of newborn heat, damp heat retention, spleen deficiency and blood dryness, wind dampness accumulating skin, blood deficiency and wind dryness demonstrated high concensus. The consistency scores' mean of 5 syndromes were 1.67, 1.90, 1.83, 1.71 and 1.90. The sum of degrees of 5 syndromes were 37, 40, 42, 36 and 40. The ratio of full scores of 5 syndromes were 0.81, 0.90, 0.87, 0.71 and 0.90. The coefficient of variations of 5 syndromes were 0.32, 0.16, 0.27, 0.27 and 0.16. The therapy of syndrome of newborn heat was clearing away the heart-fire and inducing diuresis by the sanxin daochi decoction; The therapy of syndrome of damp heat retention was clearing heat and removing dampness by longdan xiegan decoction; The therapy of syndrome of wind dampness accumulating skin was dispelling wind and eliminating dampness by xiaofeng san; The therapy of syndrome of spleen deficiency and blood dryness was enriching blood and moistening dryness by danggui decoction; The therapy of syndrome of blood deficiency and wind dryness was replenishing qi to invigorate the spleen and enriching blood to calm endogenous wind by shenling baizhu power and danggui decoction. Conclusion Questionnaire survey could quantify the opinions of experts, and provide reference for the establishment of guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine in the wind of four fossae.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498504

ABSTRACT

In this study, the standard research methods were applied to account the awards and applications of scientific research achievements of Xiyuan hospital from 2010 to 2014. As for the scientific research awards, each department from Xiyuan hospital was active, but the awards application offices were relatively few, thus the quantity of the awards was decreasing year by year. And the distribution was relatively uneven. The basic characteristics of scientific research awards showed that the National Science and Technology Award was the most difficult award. And other characteristics of scientific research award showed that it was often based on a project with high social recognition and high authority, and with the first researchers were high rank professors. This work cast light on that scientific research management should improve the quality of projects and strengthen exchanges, propaganda and introduction of each project achievement, enhance team establishment as support, and establish a reasonable assessment system for scientific research achievements.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484749

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical curative effect and security by performing the clinical study ofYinggencao formula in treatment of psoriasis vulgaris with blood-heat TCM syndrome.MethodsA total of 75 patients, diagnosed with Psoriasis Vulgaris Blood-heat RCM syndrome, were randomizedly divided into the treatmeat group with 39 patients and the control group with 36. The treatment group tookYinggencao formula twice daily, while the control group tookQingdai capsules three times daily. All the patients were treated 12 weeks. PASI scores were used as the main outcome and to estimate the curative effect rates.ResultsThe PASI scores of patients in the treatment group (6.97 ± 2.02vs. 16.88 ± 2.91;t=14.380,P=0.009) and the control group (13.14 ± 3.18vs. 17.49 ± 2.32;t=7.780,P=0.013) after treatment showed significantly lower than the scores before. The PASI scores showed significant difference between the two groups after the treatment (P=0.027). The total effective rate of treatment group was significantly higher than the control group (76.9%vs. 61.1%;χ2=5.120, P<0.05).Conclusions TheYinggencao formula therapy showed better effect thanQingdai capsules therapy in treatment of psoriasis vulgaris with blood-heat TCM syndrome.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1185-1188, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307679

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical efficacy and effect mechanism on chronic urticaria treated with moving cupping therapy combined with autohemotherapy with acupaint injection for desensitization at acupoints.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and four patients of chronic urticaria were randomized into a comprehensive therapy group and a medication group, 52 cases in each one. In the comprehensive therapy group, the moving cupping therapy along the governor vessel and bladder meridian of foot-taiyang was applied combined with autohemotherapy with acupaint injection for desensitization at acupoints. The self-venous blood was injected at bilateral Quchi (LI 11) and Zusanli (ST 36), 1 mL at each acupoint, once every 3 days. In the medication group, cetirizine tablets, 10 mg were prescribed for oral administration, once every day, and the compound dexamethasone acetate cream was used externally, once to twice a day. The clinical efficacy: was observed in 30 days of treatment in the two groups. The changes of serum interleukin 4 (IL-4) and immunoglobulin E (Ig E) before and after treatment were observed. The recurrence rate was compared between the two groups in 3 months after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cured and markedly effective rate was 90.4% (47/52) in the comprehensive therapy group, which was higher obviously than 78.8% (41/52, P < 0.05) in the medication group. The levels of serum IL-4 and IgE were reduced in the patients of the two groups, indicating the significant difference in comparison before and after treatment (all P < 0.01) and the reducing degree in the comprehensive therapy group was much more significant than that in the medicine group (both P < 0.01). The recurrence rate was 19. 1% (9/47) in the comprehensive therapy group in the 3-month follow-up after treatment, and apparently lower than 51.2% (21/41, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The moving cupping therapy combined with autohemotherapy with acupaint injection for desensitization at acupoints achieves the better efficacy on chronic urticaria compared with the routine western medicine treatment and the recurrence rate is low. The effect mechanism is possibly related to the down-regulation of serum IL-4 and IgE in the patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Biological Therapy , Chronic Disease , Therapeutics , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Interleukin-4 , Blood , Male , Urticaria , Blood , Therapeutics , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444919

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine on internal and external treatment of acne.Methods 128 patients in Dermatology Department of Xiyuan Hospital CACMS from May 2012 to March 2013 were collected and randomly divided into Chinese medicine group and western medicine group.The patients of Chinese medicine group were divided into invasion of the Lung by Wind-Heat syndrome and damp-heat oflmg and stomach syndrome,respectively taking acne liquid 1 or 2 orally and using the herb mask once a week.The western medicine group took Roxithromycin Capsules orally and smeared 0.3% Viaminate and Vitamin E Cream.The treatment period lasted for 6 weeks,and collected the photograph of the target lesion before and after research every 2 week and evaluated the efficacy.Result The total efficacy rate were 90.77% (59/65) and 74.60% (47/63) for Chinese medicine group and western medicine group respectively,with significant difference between them(x2=11.83,P<0.05).The efficacy rates were 87.50% and 93.94% for invasion of the Lung by Wind-Heat syndrome and damp-heat of lung and stomach syndrome respectively,with no significant difference between them(x2=0.416,P>0.05).The TCM symptom scores after treatment [Chinese medicine group (4.36 ± 2.45),western medicine group (8.62± 2.49)] had significant difference in two groups respectively compared with before treatment[Chinese medicine group(15.33±6.08),western medicine group(14.34±5.29),P<0.05].The difference of TCM symptom scores after treatment between the two groups also had a significant difference (P<0.05).The TCM symptom scores after treatment of invasion of the Lung by Wind-Heat syndrome group and damp-heat of lung and stomach syndrome group were (4.50±3.01) and (4.24±1.83),which had a significant difference compared with before treatment respectively[(15.37±7.03)and(15.29±5.13),P<0.05].Conclusion The TCM internal and external treatment on acne could reduce the number of lesions and improve TCM symptom scores.The effect of treating invasion of the Lung by Wind-Heat syndrome and damp-heat of lung and stomach syndrome with TCM was almost equal.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270655

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate and analyze a case of acute norovirus gastroenteritis outbreak in a hospital.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data were collected through the on-the-spot investigation and faecal specimens were tested by polymerase chain reaction-reverse transcription (RT-PCR). Serum specimens were tested by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The outbreak lasted 26 days. A total of 87 cases were reported, including 65 inpatients, 15 healthcare workers, 6 accompanies, and 1 pantryman. Twelve (60%) of 20 stool specimens were norovirus-positive by RT-PCR and 19 of 24 blood samples were norovirus-positive by Western blot. The outbreak was effectively controlled by isolating and treating the patients, extensive disinfection, and health education.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The gastroenteritis outbreak was caused by norovirus with unkown infection source.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Caliciviridae Infections , Epidemiology , Virology , China , Epidemiology , Cross Infection , Epidemiology , Virology , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Gastroenteritis , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Norovirus , Genetics , Young Adult
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