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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907153

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the in vitro synergistic antifungal activity of HDAC inhibitors in combination with azole drugs against azoles-resistant Candida strains. Methods The checkerboard microdilution method was used to evaluate the antifungal activity of the HDAC inhibitors in combination with azole drugs against clinically drug-resistant strains. The fungistatic activity and toxicity of Rocilinostat was determined through time-growth curve assay and cytotoxicity assay. Results The compound Rocilinostat combined with azole drugs showed excellent synergistic antifungal activity against a variety of azoles-resistant Candida albicans and Candida glabrata. The combination of high concentration Rocilinostat with FLC exhibited fungistatic effects. Very low toxicity was detected with Rocilinostat towards normal cells. Rocilinostat showed better HDAC inhibitory activity than SAHA. Conclusion As a fungi HDAC inhibitor, Rocilinostat has excellent in vitro synergistic antifungal activity and no severe toxicity to normal human cells.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935903

ABSTRACT

Golgi protein 73 (GP73) is a transmembrane protein on the Golgi apparatus and can be cut and released into the blood. In recent years, an increasing number of clinical studies have shown that the elevated serum GP73 level is closely related to liver diseases. And thus GP73 is expected to be used as a new serum marker for assessing progress of chronic liver diseases. Herein, the clinical application of serum GP73 in chronic hepatitis, liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma with different etiologies was reviewed based on available literatures; and a research outlook in this field is made.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Golgi Apparatus , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Neoplasms
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlations of β cell dedifferentiation in non-diabetic subjects with risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods:Immunofluorescence staining with insulin and β cell dedifferentiated marker ALDH1A3 was used to evaluate the β cell dedifferentiation levels in 38 non-diabetic and 23 T2DM. Correlation analyses were performed between β cell dedifferentiation levels and available clinical parameters including age, body mass index, HbA 1C level, triglycerides, and cholesterol levels in non-diabetic subjects. Results:β cell dedifferentiation level defined by the positive expression of ALDH1A3 in β cells(ALDH1A3 + INS + cell proportion) was significantly elevated in T2DM subjects( P<0.001). In PreD subjects, ALDH1A3 + INS + cells proportion were decreased( P=0.050) and negatively correlated with HbA 1C( r=-0.44, P=0.006), but not with age and body mass index. The analysis of correlation with lipidemic parameters showed that ALDH1A3 + INS + cells proportion was positively correlated with plasma total cholesterol level( r=0.39, P=0.045), but not plasma total triglyceride. Conclusion:ALDH1A3 + INS + cells were found to be decreased in prediabetes, suggesting that there may be enhanced β-cell identity in prediabetes to compensate for insulin secretion requirements; ALDH1A3 + INS + cells were elevated in people with high plasma total cholesterol levels, suggesting that total cholesterol may be one of the factors that induce β-cell dedifferentiation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the predictive factors and prognosis of post-stroke seizures.Methods:A total of 315 inpatients with acute anterior circulation cerebral infarction from January 2018 to December 2018 were retrospectively collected, including 95 patients with PSS as observation group and 220 patients without PSS as control group.Clinical characteristics of the patients were recorded, including gender, age, lesion specificity, imaging features, past history, and the time and type of seizures.The Alberta stroke program early CT score (ASPECTS) was used to assess the extent of infarction, the national institutes of health stroke scale (NIHSS) and the modified rankin scale (MRS) were used to assess the severity and prognosis of cerebral infarction.The hemorrhage transformation of cerebral infarction was graded according to the European cooperative acute stroke study Ⅲ(ECASS Ⅲ) classification system.SPSS 21.0 software was used for data analysis.Chi-square test was used for categorical variables and t-test or non-parametric test was used for continuous variables. Results:The observation group had lower ASPECTS scores compared with the control group (5(4, 7), 7 (5, 8)), the presence of atrial fibrillation, hemorrhage transformation, laminar necrosis(LN) and hemosiderin deposition (31.6%, 45.3%, 24.2%, 26.3%) were higher than those of control group (20.9%, 28.2%, 9.1%, 16.4%), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). In multivariate analysis, ASPECTS score ( OR=0.658, 95% CI=0.556-0.778, P<0.001), hemorrhage transformation ( OR=2.307, 95% CI=1.311-4.059, P=0.004), LN ( OR=2.530, 95% CI=1.250-5.123, P=0.010) and hemosiderin deposition ( OR=2.308, 95% CI=1.201-4.436, P=0.012) were the influencing factors of PSS.Partial secondary generalized seizures was the most common type of seizures, and in this group it accounted for 42.1% (40/95), simple partial seizures and complex partial seizures accounted for 12.6% (12/95)respectively, and generalized seizures accounted for 32.6% (31/95). The mean follow-up time of the two groups was 24.1 months and 24.6 months, respectively.The scores of MRS at the last follow-up and discharge (3(2, 4), 2(1, 4)) of the observation group were better than those of the control group (2(1, 3), 1(1, 3)), and the differences were statistically significant(both P<0.05). Conclusions:PSS after cerebral infarction can affect the prognosis of patients, and the large infarction scope, hemorrhage transformation, LN and hemosiderin deposition are the high risk factors of PSS.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930645

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is a fatal disease with the highest incidence among women. Patients with breast cancer are in the stage of disease treatment and rehabilitation for a long time, and their self-management ability significantly affect their disease prognosis and quality of life. As a new type of medical care model, mobile health has been widely applied to the health management of patients with cancer, providing patients with a convenient and accessible health support system. This article reviewed the current status of self-management of patients with breast cancer, the concept of mobile health and its application in self-management of patients of breast cancer, and the future suggestions as well. The aim was to provide reference for the rehabilitation management of patients with breast cancer and future research in our country.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical and gene mutation characteristics of a child with developmental epileptic encephalopathy (DEE) caused by ubiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 5( UBA5 )gene mutation, and to perform literature review. Methods:Clinical characteristics and genetic test results of a case of DEE treated in Department of Neurology, Xuzhou Children′s Hospital, Xuzhou Medical University, in March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Relevant literatures reporting DEE cases caused by UBA5 gene mutations published before June 2020 were searched in the PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang and other online databases with the following key words: epilepsy encephalopathy, developmental encephalopathy, epileptic encephalopathy, Developmental encephalopathy and UBA5. Results:A female case with 7 months and 23 days old presented epileptic spasms at 4 months of age, and the condition was uncontrolled by medication of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and several antiepileptic drugs.The patient later progressed to recurrent, treatment-resistant seizures with arrested development, short stature, microcephaly, expressionless face, irritability, unsteady head, lack of follow-up vision, lack of laughing, and limb hypotonia.Whole exome sequencing revealed a missense mutation and a microdeletion in the UBA5 gene, and the missense mutation was paternal c. 722A>C (p.E241A), located in the 8 th exon region.The microdeletion deletion was maternally derived from the 5 th to 11 th exon, which constituted a compound heterozygous mutation.A total of 5 foreign literatures involving 18 children with DEE and 0 domestic literatures were retrieved.Combined with the present case, all 19 cases presented refractory seizures in the early infancy, and most of them were epileptic spasms (63.2%, 12/19 cases), followed by myoclonus (31.6%, 6/19 cases). The birth history of all children was unremarkable, and they later presented developmental disabilities at varying degrees, mainly including microcephaly (94.7%, 18/19 cases), lack of follow-up vision (89.5%, 17/19 cases), and short stature (94.7%, 18/19 cases), intellectual disabilities (89.5%, 17/19 cases), movement disorders (84.2%, 16/19 cases) and hypotonia (100.0%), 13/19 cases (68.4%) died.EEG results mainly revealed normal or hypsarrhythmia, but 1 case presented suppression- burst.Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings mainly included delayed myelination (47.4%, 9/19 cases), brain atrophy (52.6%, 10/19 cases), and thin corpus callosum (26.3%, 5/19 cases). Conclusions:Children with UBA5 gene mutations often have refractory seizures in the early infancy, which are mainly epileptic spasms.They also show severe psychomotor developmental delay, microcephaly and dystonia, with an extremely poor prognosis.Brain MRI suggested varying degrees of myelin dysplasia, brain trophy, and thin corpus callosum.For cases with the above clinical manifestations, genetic testing should be considered to confirm the diagnosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and its different subtypes on the clinical outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:Patients with AIS within 24 h of onset treated in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2018 to January 2021 were retrospectively enrolled. HT was defined as intracranial hemorrhage found by CT reexamination within 7 d after the onset of AIS, and further divided into hemorrhagic infarction (HI) and parenchymal hematoma (PH) according to the classification standard of European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study (ECASS)-Ⅱ. The modified Rankin Scale was used to evaluate the outcome at 90 d after onset. 0-2 was defined as good outcome and 3-5 were defined as poor outcome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of the outcomes. Results:A total of 822 patients were enrolled, including 478 males (58.2%), aged 60.6±10.6 years. The median score of the baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was 8 (interquartile range: 6-12). Two hundred and eighty-two patients (34.4%) developed HT and 447 (54.4%) had poor outcomes. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PH-1 (odds ratio [ OR] 2.461, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.285-4.712; P=0.007), PH-2 ( OR 5.291, 95% CI 1.178-23.758; P=0.030), blood glucose at admission ( OR 1.063, 95% CI 1.018-1.109; P=0.005) and baseline NIHSS score ( OR 1.124, 95% CI 1.076-1.175; P<0.001) were the independent influencing factors of the poor outcomes. Conclusion:Different HT subtypes have different effects on the outcomes of patients with AIS, among which PH-1 and PH-2 are the independent risk factors for poor outcomes.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 35-40, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929527

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the molecular pathogenesis and clinical features of unrelated 12 patients with inherited coagulation protein C (PC) deficiency in Chinese population. Methods: The PC activity (PC:A) and PC antigen (PC:Ag) were detected by chromogenic substrate and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. The nine exons and flanking sequences of the protein C (PROC) gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction with direct sequencing, and the suspected mutations were validated by reverse sequencing (clone sequencing for deletion mutations) . Results: The PC:A of the 12 probands decreased significantly, ranging from 18% to 55%, and the PC:Ag of the 10 probands decreased significantly. Eleven mutations were found, out of which four mutations [c.383G>A (p.Gly128Asp) , c.997G>A (p.Ala291Thr) , c.1318C>T (p.Arg398Cys) , and c.532G>C (p.Leu278Pro) ] were discovered for the first time. Six mutations were in the serine protease domain, four mutations were located in epidermal growth factor (EGF) -like domains, and one mutation was located in activation peptide. There were two deletion mutations (p.Met364Trp fsX15 and p.Lys192del) , and the rest were missense mutations. Mutations p.Phe181Val and p.Arg189Trp were identified in three unrelated families. All mutations may be inherited, and consanguineous marriages were reported in two families. Among the probands, nine cases had venous thrombosis, two cases had poor pregnancy manifestations, and one case had purpura. Conclusion: Patients with PC deficiency caused by PROC gene defects are prone to venous thrombosis, especially when there are other thrombotic factors present at the same time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Pedigree , Phenotype , Protein C/genetics , Protein C Deficiency/genetics
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929237

ABSTRACT

Chemical investigation of the culture extract of an endophytic Penicillium citrinum from Dendrobium officinale, afforded nine citrinin derivatives (1-9) and one peptide-polyketide hybrid GKK1032B (10). The structures of these compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods. The absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were determined for the first time by calculation of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data. Among them, GKK1032B (10) showed significant cytotoxicity against human osteosarcoma cell line MG63 with an IC50 value of 3.49 μmol·L-1, and a primary mechanistic study revealed that it induced the apoptosis of MG63 cellsvia caspase pathway activation.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bone Neoplasms , Caspases , Humans , Osteosarcoma/drug therapy , Penicillium
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940374

ABSTRACT

Due to the infinite proliferation, strong migration and loss of contact inhibition of tumor cells, tumor has become the most intractable diseases to be cured in the world. At present, the main treatments of tumor diseases are surgical resection, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted-therapy and immunotherapy. Although these measures can inhibit or kill the tumor to a certain extent, they still cannot avoid adverse reactions and drug resistance. After thousands of years of clinical practice, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has the characteristics of good curative effect, few adverse reactions and significantly improving the quality of life in patients, which provides new ideas for the prevention and treatment of tumors. As an endemic and rare plant in China, Tetrastigma hemsleyanum has been listed in the 2015 edition of Zhejiang Provincial Processing Specification of TCM with the effects of heat-clearing and detoxification, detumescence and analgesia, dissipating phlegm and resolving masses. It has been reported that the chemical constituents of T. hemsleyanum are mainly flavonoids, polysaccharides, phenolic acids, terpenoids, steroids, volatile oils, alkaloids and so on. It can exert a broad spectrum of anti-tumor effects through various ways such as inhibiting proliferation, migration and invasion of tumor cells, inducing apoptosis of tumor cells, inhibiting angiogenesis of tumor cells, reversing multidrug resistance of tumor cells and regulating body autoimmunity. On the basis of reviewing relevant literature at home and abroad, this paper intends to systematically sort out the chemical and anti-tumor research of T. hemsleyanum, and in order to provide a new idea for its synergistic anti-tumor effect of multi-component, multi-pathway and multi-target, and finally provide theoretical basis for the research and development and clinical application of new anti-tumor drugs of T. hemsleyanum.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923385

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To observe the status of thrombocytopenia in adult patients after cardiac surgery, and to explore its mechanism and clinical significance. Methods    Retrospective analysis of 240 patients after cardiac surgery in the 2nd ward of surgical intensive care unit (ICU) of Fuwai Hospital from May to June 2020 was conducted, including 137 males and 103 females with a mean age of 56.0±12.0 years. According to postoperative platelet status, the patients were divided into a thrombocytopenia group and a non-thrombocytopenia group. The clinical baseline data, preoperative platelet count, postoperative minimum platelet count, volume of drainage, transfusion of blood products, mechanical ventilator time, ICU stay, hospital stay and complications were compared between the two groups. Results    The mean preoperative platelet count was 199×109/L±55×109/L and the mean postoperative platelet nadir was 109×109/L±37×109/L, with a mean reduction rate of 44.1%±15.8%. The platelet count of 235 (97.9%) patients after operation was lower than that before operation. Among them, 98 (40.8%) patients had platelet count<100×109/L, 46 (19.2%)<75×109/L and 8 (3.3%)<50×109/L. Results of multivariable logistic analysis showed that cardiopulmonary bypass time>120 min (OR=2.576, 95%CI 1.313-5.053, P<0.05) was an independent risk factor for postoperative thrombocytopenia. Mechanical ventilator time (25.5± 16.8 h vs. 17.3±8.5 h, P<0.05), ICU stay (85.2±54.7 h vs. 60.0±33.9 h, P<0.05) and hospital stay (15.8±6.2 d vs. 14.2±3.9 d, P<0.05) were longer in the thrombocytopenia group (<100×109/L) compared with the non-thrombocytopenia group (>100×109/L). More drainage volume [685 (510, 930) mL vs. 560 (440, 790) mL, P<0.05] and complications occurred in the thrombocytopenia group. In multivariable analysis, thrombocytopenia was significantly inversely associated with prolonged ICU stay (OR=2.993, 95%CI 1.622-5.524, P<0.05). Conclusion    Thrombocytopenia occurs commonly after adult cardiac surgery, and the incidence in different types of surgery varies. Postoperative thrombocytopenia is related to the prolonged recovery. Extracorporeal circulation may be a contributing factor to thrombocytopenia, and further studies investigating mechanism and strategies to reduce postoperative thrombocytopenia are needed.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Methods:The clinical Data, polysomnography (PSG) and cognitive function examination results of 112 OSA children admitted to Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2019 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the severity of OSA, the children were divided into mild, moderate and severe OSA groups, and the basic demographic characteristics, sleep parameters and ADHD occurrence were analyzed. According to the results of ADHD examination, the children were divided into ADHD group and non-ADHD group, and the basic demographic characteristics and sleep parameters were analyzed. Taking these parameters as independent variables, binary Logistic regression analysis was conducted to establish the model equation for predicting the risk of OSA associated ADHD among children.Results:Grouped by OSA severity, among the three groups, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) [3.70 (2.84, 5.47) vs 8.59 (7.50, 9.54) vs 19.48 (15.83, 25.23)], obstructive apnea index (OAI) [1.31 (0.93, 1.82) vs 3.03 (1.54, 4.41) vs 11.69 (8.53, 15.42)], obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (OAHI) [2.82 (1.81, 3.64) vs 6.17 (5.58, 7.26) vs 15.68 (13.12, 21.25)], and respiratory event-related arousal index [0.50 (0.25, 1.05) vs 1.25 (0.70, 2.23) vs 2.40 (1.60, 4.70)] increased, minimum pulse oxygen saturation (SpO 2) [90.00 (88.00, 92.00) vs 87.00 (83.00, 90.25) vs 81.00 (76.00, 85.00)] decreased, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The non-rapid eye movement (NREM)1 period time ratio of the severe OSA group was significantly longer than that of the mild OSA group, while the average SpO 2 was significantly lower than that of the mild OSA group; the NREM3 period time ratio of the moderate and severe OSA group was significantly less than that of the mild OSA group; the arousal index of the severe OSA group was significantly greater than the mild or moderate OSA group. There were no statistically significant differences among the three groups in gender, age, body mass index, sleep efficiency, rapid eye movement (REM) period time ratio, and NREM2 period time ratio (all P>0.05). Mild OSA group had 10 cases of ADHD (17.54%), moderate OSA group had 7 cases (23.33%) of ADHD, severe OSA group had 9 cases of ADHD (36.00%), and the difference was not statistically significant. Grouped by ADHD examination, the AHI, OAI, OAHI, and NREM1 period time ratios of the ADHD group were significantly higher than those of the non-ADHD group, while the sleep efficiency, minimum SpO 2 and NREM3 period time ratio were significantly lower than those of the non-ADHD group. The Logistic regression analysis suggested that ADHD was correlated with sleep efficiency, minimum SpO 2, and NREM3 period time.The established Logistic regression equation was: X=15.670+0.061×(sleep efficiency)-0.212×(minimum SpO 2)-0.144×(NREM3 period time ratio), the sensitivity and specificity of the model prediction were 84.6% and 79.1% respectively when the area under the receiveroperating characteristic curves was 0.867. Conclusions:OSA and ADHD in children have a certain correlation. Sleep structure disturbance and intermittent hypoxia may be important reasons. The predictive model equations obtained by PSG in this study can be used to assess the risk of ADHD in children with OSA.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare and analyze the differences of common dose indicators before and after operation of 3D-printing template assisted by CT-guided 125I seed implantation in the treatment of bone metastases to guide clinical application. Methods:A retrospective analysis of 12 lesions in the 10 patients (9 males and 1 female, median age 65 years), who underwent seed implantation surgery for bone metastases in the Tianjin Third Central Hospital from June 2019 to January 2021, was conducted. All the lesions were adopted for 3D-printing template to guide seed implantation and the prescribed dose was 120-140 Gy. The differences of common dose indicators between preoperative treatment plan and postoperative verification plan were compared, including D90 (dose received by 90% of the target volume), D100 (dose received by 100% of the target volume), V90 (the volume percent for tumor target volume receiving 90% of the prescribed dose), V100 (the volume percent for tumor target volume receiving 100% of the prescribed dose), V150 (the volume percent for tumor target volume receiving 150 % of the prescribed dose), as well as the quantity of seeds planned and actually used. The paired t-test was performed to compare and analyze those parameters. Results:There was no statistically significant difference in pre- and postoperative D90, D100, V90, V100, V150 ( P > 0.05). The actual quantity of seeds used after operation was more than that of the preoperative planned quantity and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-2.930, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The clinical use of 3D-printing template assisted by CT-guided 125I seed implantation for bone metastasis should be promoted since the dose is accurate and the requirements of preoperative plan can be achieved.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909602

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a global public health problem with 10%-15%incidence rate, and inhibiting the renal interstitial fibrosis is considered to be a potential strategy to delay the progression of CKD. Z-Guggulsterone (Z-GS), an active compound from derived from Commiphora mukul, has been proved to be effective in various diseases. The present study aimes to determine the protective effect and the molecular mechanism of Z-GS on renal fibrosis. METHODS Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mice and hypoxia-induced HK-2 cells were used to simulate renal fibrosis in vitro and in vivo, respectively. The mice and cells were treated with different doses of Z-GS to observe the pharmacological action. Renal function, including Scr, BUN, and UA, were detected by commercial kits. H&E and Masson staining were performed to observe histopathological changes of kidney. Cell viability and LDH release of HK-2 cells were detected by commercial kits. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis rate were analyzed by flow cytometry. Fibrosis markers were detected by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence analysis. Cell cycle related proteins and Klotho/p53 signaling were analyzed by Western blotting. RESULTS The results showed that Z-GS decreased the rise of Scr, BUN, and UA and lightened renal histopathological injury, which were induced by UUO. Besides, Z-GS administration alleviated renal fibrosis in mice by inhibiting the expressions of α-SMA, TGF-β and colla?genⅣ, and delayed G2/M cell cycle arrest by promoting the expressions of CDK1 and cyclinD1/B1 rate. Experiments in vitro indicated that Z-GS treatment significantly increased the cell viability while decreased the LDH release in hypoxia-induced HK-2 cells. In addition, hypoxia induced fibrosis and G2/M cycle arrest in HK-2 cells were retarded by Z-GS. The study of its possible mechanism exhibited that Z-GS treatment increased the level of Klotho and inhibited P53 level. Nev?ertheless, the effect of Z-GS on Klotho/P53 signaling was reversed by siRNA-Klotho. Moreover, siRNA-Klotho treatment eliminated the effects of Z-GS on G2/M cell cycle arrest and fibrosis. CONCLUSION This study clarified that Z-GS allevi?ated renal fibrosis and G2/M cycle arrest through Klotho/P53 signaling pathway. People who have suffered CKD may potentially benefit from treatment with Z-GS.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862544

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the noninvasive indicators of indications for antiviral therapy in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection patients with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤40 U/L under the guidance of liver pathology. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 377 HBeAg-negative chronic HBV infection patients with ALT ≤40 U/L who were hospitalized in Affiliated Hospital of Yan’an University, from October 2013 to August 2018 and underwent liver biopsy, among whom the patients with inflammatory activity <A2 and fibrosis stage <F2 were enrolled as non-antiviral therapy group(n=266), and the patients with inflammatory activity ≥A2 or fibrosis stage ≥F2 were enrolled as antiviral therapy group(n=111). The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; the t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were used to screen out the influencing factors for the initiation of antiviral therapy; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of each indicator in determining the need for antiviral therapy in HBeAg-negative chronic HBV infection patients with ALT ≤40 U/L. ResultsOf all 377 patients, 266 (70.6%) did not need antiviral therapy for the time being, and 111 (29.4%) had marked liver damage and thus needed active antiviral therapy. The multivariate analysis showed that liver stiffness measurement (LSM) (odds ratio [HR]=2.003, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.647-2.437, P<005), HBsAg (HR=1.563, 95% CI: 1.110-2.200, P<0.05), HBV DNA (HR=1.519, 95% CI: 1173-1.966, P<0.05), and albumin (HR=0.939, 95% CI: 0.884-0.998, P<0.05) were independent influencing factors for the initiation of antiviral therapy. The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.749 (95% CI: 0.699-0799) for LSM, 0642 (95% CI: 0.586-0.699) for HBV DNA, and 0.565 (95% CI: 0.507-0.623) for HBsAg, and the combination of LSM, HBV DNA, and HBsAg had a larger AUC of 0.779 (95% CI: 0.732-0.827). ConclusionThe levels of LSM, HBV DNA, and HBsAg have a reference value in determining the initiation of antiviral therapy in HBeAg-negative chronic HBV infection patients with ALT≤40 U/L.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 385-391, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for pharmaceutical enterprises to better fulfill their social responsibilities . METHODS:Taking the pharmaceutical enterprises listed in Shanghai and Shenzhen stock markets as the research objects ,the social responsibility texts and environmental protection texts of the included enterprises from 2017 to 2019 were classified and analyzed according to the three dimensions of time ,ownership and drug production type by using ROST Content Mining 6.0 software. The semantic network and node centrality were analyzed. RESULTS :From the social responsibility texts of the included enterprises,it could be seen that from the perspective of time dimension ,the included enterprises paid more attention to “employees”,“social responsibility ”and“development”in 2017-2019,and the high-frequency words in the three years were relatively stable. From the perspective of ownership ,state-owned holding enterprises paid more attention to “development”and “targeted poverty reduction ”,while private holding enterprises paid more attention to “employees”,and collective holding enterprises paid more attention to “social responsibility ”. From the perspective of drug production type ,the word frequency of “targeted poverty reduction ”of TCM pharmaceutical enterprises was higher. From the environmental protection texts of the included enterprises,it could be seen that from the time dimension ,the included enterprises paid more and more attention to environmental protection in recent years ,and the description of environmental protection in the texts was more detailed. From the perspective of ownership,private holding enterprises paid more attention to environmental protection than collective holding enterprises and state-owned enterprises. From the perspective of drug production type ,due to the different types of drugs ,chemical drugs ,TCM, biological drugs and active pharmaceutical ingredients enterprises had their own characteristics in pollutants and their treatment processes. The results of semantic network and node centrality analysis showed that ,“development”,“protection” and “targeted poverty reduction ”were three high-frequency words with high centrality in the semantic analysis network of social responsibility text ,the middle centrality was 5.555,1.695,1.521 respectively;“emission”and“testing”were two key words with high centrality in the semantic analysis network of environmental protection texts ,the middle centrality was 3.856, 1.914 respectively,which further reflected that the included enterprises paid more attention to the above issues in terms of social responsibility performance and environmental protection. CONCLUSIONS :The listed pharmaceutical enterprises have a broad consensus on social responsibility in China ,and have well fulfilled their social responsibility ,which is well combined with the current social hot spots. For environmental protection ,as a high pollution industry ,the pharmaceutical enterprises also performs the responsibility of environmental protection.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907945

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the case characteristics, treatment and prevention measures of cardiac thrombus in children caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection, so as to improve the clinicians′ understanding of the disease.Methods:The clinical data of 10 children with cardiac thrombus caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection treated in Department of Respiratory Intervention, Jinan Children′s Hospital from November 2015 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including datum of cases, laboratory results, imaging data and follow-up results.Results:A total of 10 children (7 males and 3 females) were included with the median age of 6.5 years old, and all had fever for more than 1 week.The plasma D-dimer (D-D) of 9 children was significantly increased, and the C-reactive protein (CRP) of 6 children was increased.After anti-infection treatment, the absorption of pneumonia with atelectasis was better than before.The embolus disappeared after operation in 1 case, and the remaining 9 cases received anticoagulant therapy, among which 7 cases received Heparin anticoagulant therapy alone: cardiac embolus disappeared during hospitalization in 2 cases, disappeared after 2 weeks of oral administration of Dipyridamole outside the hospital in 1 case, and the other 4 cases received Heparin anticoagulant therapy alone during hospitalization with poor effect, embolus disappeared in 2 cases 4 and 5 months after discharge respectively, and 2 cases were not reexamined due to personal reasons; the embolus disappeared 2 months after discharge in 2 cases who were changed to low-molecular weight Heparin + Warfarin anticoagulant therapy after failing to respond to Heparin anticoagulant therapy.All the 10 cases showed no symptoms of tachypnea or chest pain during telephone follow-up.Conclusions:Children with long fever time and significantly elevated CRP and D-D are more likely to form thrombus.Anticoagulant therapy is effective after thrombosis, and surgical thrombectomy can be performed in children who have failed to respond to anticoagulant therapy or worry about complications caused by dropped embolus.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct quality evaluation of Ginkgo Folium preparations by analyzing the national evaluation sampling test results, analyze the quality differences, and put forward suggestions for the improvement of quality standards and market supervision. Method:The contents of total flavonol glycosides and terpene lactones in Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules were determined according to the methods of determination in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (the first volume), and the contents of free flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferide and isorhamnetin) and sophoricoside in Ginkgo Folium preparations were determined according to related supplementary testing method of Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules issued by National Medical Products Administration. The quality differences of Ginkgo Folium preparations from different batches and different manufacturers were compared according to the contents of total flavonol glycosides, terpene lactones, free flavonoids and sophoricoside in 328 batches of Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules manufactured by 48 enterprises. Result:Quality of 328 batches of Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules was in accordance with the standard, but the contents of terpene lactones and total flavonol glycosides were all distributed in a wide range, and the quality of samples varied greatly among different enterprises. Conclusion:It is recommended that each enterprise should optimize the production process and strictly control the raw materials to ensure the consistency between different batches of samples.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2457-2464, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921179

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Investigations of the pathogenic mechanisms in motor neurons (MNs) derived from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) disease-specific induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell lines could improve understanding of the issues affecting MNs. Therefore, in this study we explored mutant superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) protein expression in MNs derived from the iPS cell lines of ALS patients carrying different SOD1 mutations.@*METHODS@#We generated induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from two familial ALS (FALS) patients with SOD1-V14M and SOD1-C111Y mutations, and then differentiated them into MNs. We investigated levels of the SOD1 protein in iPSCs and MNs, the intracellular Ca2+ levels in MNs, and the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in the process of differentiation into the MNs derived from the controls and ALS patients' iPSCs.@*RESULTS@#The iPSCs from the two FALS patients were capable of differentiation into MNs carrying different SOD1 mutations and differentially expressed MN markers. We detected high SOD1 protein expression and high intracellular calcium levels in both the MN and iPSCs that were derived from the two SOD1 mutant patients. However, at no time did we observe stronger LDH activity in the patient lines compared with the control lines.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MNs derived from patient-specific iPSC lines can recapitulate key aspects of ALS pathogenesis, providing a cell-based disease model to further elucidate disease pathogenesis and explore gene repair coupled with cell-replacement therapy. Incremental mutant expressions of SOD1 in MNs may have disrupted MN function, either causing or contributing to the intracellular calcium disturbances, which could lead to the occurrence and development of the disease.


Subject(s)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/genetics , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Motor Neurons , Mutation/genetics , Superoxide Dismutase-1/genetics
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2231-2236, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921111

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder associated with loss of motor neurons. Our objective was to explore the epidemiology, clinical features, and survival factors of 1809 patients with ALS.@*METHODS@#We analyzed 1809 ALS patients, who were recruited from the Peking University Third Hospital from January 2005 to December 2015. Demographic data and disease-related parameters were collected. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to compare survival time. Cox proportional hazards function and the hazard ratio were used to identify adjusted prognostic predictors.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that the average annual incidence in Beijing alone was 0.38 cases/100,000 person-years and the mean age of onset was 48.88 ± 11.35 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 48.17-49.85) years. The median survival time from onset to death/tracheostomy was 58.89 ± 33.03 (95% CI: 51.46-63.84) months. In the adjusted Cox proportional hazard model, age of onset, diagnosis delay, rate of disease progression (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale Revised decline [points/month]), and body mass index all had an independent effect on survival in ALS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study provides information on epidemiology, clinical features, and survival factors of patients with ALS in China. These results can be helpful in clinical practice, clinical trial design, and validation of new tools to predict disease progression.


Subject(s)
Adult , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Disease Progression , Humans , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models
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