Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 13 de 13
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927942

ABSTRACT

Essential oils from Chinese medicine are popular in the fields such as medicine, food, and cosmetics because of their unique biological characteristics. However, since essential oils are lipophilic compounds with high volatility, poor stability, and strong irritation, various preparation technologies need to be employed to improve stability, reduce irritation, and increase bioavailability. At present, a variety of preparation technologies have been applied to the encapsulation of essential oils. Various encapsulation strategies are formed because of different delivery systems featured with multiple principles and characteristics and are widely used to improve the stability of essential oils. Essential oils of Chinese medicine are widely used in the medical field, and they are under continuous innovation and development in clinical research, the pharmaceutical industry, medical products, etc. The present study summarized various delivery systems that could improve the stability of essential oils and reviewed the applications of essential oils encapsulated in the delivery systems in the medical field to provide re-ferences for the improvement of stability of essential oils and their safety, efficiency, and wide use in the medical field.


Subject(s)
China , Oils, Volatile
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905850

ABSTRACT

Succus Bambusae, regarded as the holy medicine for the treatment of phlegm by traditional Chinese medicine experts, has the functions of clearing heat and resolving phlegm, resuscitating and relieving convulsions. In clinical practice, it is mainly used to treat phlegm-heat cough, phlegm yellow and shortness of breath, stroke with exuberant phlegm and other syndromes. The research of its processing procedure and quality standard is the key issue to realize the process modernization and quality standardization of this traditional medicine resource. On the basis of literature research, this paper conducted the herbal textual research on Succus Bambusae, sorted out its medicinal history, and compared the advantages and disadvantages of its traditional and modern preparation procedure. Based on the historical records, it is pointed out that there are still many problems in the traditional and modern processing procedure of Succus Bambusae, such as low-yield processing procedure and extensive production technology that cannot meet the requirements of large-scale green manufacturing. At present, there are a lot of literature on the comparative study of the origin, variety and processing procedure of Succus Bambusae, but most of them are limited to the chemical components, and lack of in-depth study on its pharmacodynamic substance basis and mechanism. Meanwhile, the pharmacological effects of Succus Bambusae are mostly limited to antitussive and expectorant, and few other pharmacological effects have been reported. Based on the above analysis, it is suggested that the follow-up research work can be carried out from these five aspects:①Clarifying the original source, enriching and perfecting the medicinal resources. ②Standardizing the processing procedure, establishing relevant quality standards. ③Clarifying the pharmacological mechanism, strengthening the basic research on the pharmacological effect and clinical application. ④Inheriting ancient processing, researching and developing special preparation equipment and standardizing production operation rules. ⑤Comprehensive utilization of the by-products in preparation process.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864748

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss how to avoid the occurrence of adverse events and provides basis for improving the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) transport safety management to formulate the corresponding preventive measures through analyzing the causes and characteristics of adverse events in transport of ECMO.Methods:By using a self-designed ECMO transport observation table to collect data, with a retrospective study of adverse events in patients with ECMO transport in ECMO center of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2013 to June 2017, carrying out classification and analysis according to the causes of adverse events and the potential risks of the patients, thus put forward the feasible preventive measures.Results:There were 53 cases of ECMO transport in study period, with 18 cases (33.96%) of adverse events, among which the incidence of adverse events in inner-hospital transport was 34.21% (13/38) and that in inter-hospital transport was 33.33% (5/15). There was no patient died in ECMO transport. In the adverse events of ECMO transport, the main causes were related to transport staff, transport equipment and patient, which accounting for 1/3 of each. Among them, the most prominent was 4 cases (22.22%) of equipment lacking and 3 cases of battery and power supply (16.67%). In classification according to the risk degree of patients, 6 cases (33.33%) of third grade risk were found.Conclusions:It is safe and feasible to carry out ECMO transport in inner-hospital transport and inter-hospital transport based on ECMO transport team and transport process of this hospital. However the unexpected events of high risk or crisis of life is inevitable in ECMO transport. Through standardized training for ECMO team, with full assessment before transport, by the use of ECMO checklist and strict implementation of various transport processes and specifications, the incidence of adverse events in ECMO transport may be reduced.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846200

ABSTRACT

Objective: Using Qingrun Pill as model drug, the raw material powder of Qingrun Pill with uniform mixture was prepared. The rapid analysis method was used to evaluate the mixing uniformity of Qingrun Pill raw materials. Methods: Based on the particle design technology, the raw material powder of Qingrun Pill was prepared, the core-shell particles were established with the particle size as the index, and the mixing uniformity of the raw material powder of Qingrun Pill was analyzed with the standard deviation of moving block as the index by near infrared spectroscopy. Finally, it was verified by HPLC. Results: According to the particle design technology, the raw material powder of Qingrun Pill was designed. Shell particles: Rheum officinale and other materials; Nuclear particles: Scutellaria baicalensis and other materials; The particle size (d0.9) of shell particles at ultrafine grinding for 12 min was about 5 μm, and that of nuclear particles at ultrafine grinding for 6 min was about 130 μm. The ratio of nuclear particles to shell particles was more than 10:1, which met the requirements of particle design. Near-infrared spectroscopy showed that shell particles were ultrafine comminuted for 12 min, and then the nuclear particles were mixed evenly for 6 min. Conclusion: In this study, Qingrun Pill powder was prepared based on particle design technology, and the mixing uniformity of powder was evaluated by near infrared spectroscopy. This method is simple and feasible, real-time, and without destroying the sample.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773733

ABSTRACT

Dry granulation technology is a great innovation in granulation technology,which saves many intermediate links and reduces many intermediate costs. It is closely related to the characteristics of materials,dry granulation equipment and process. Dry granulation technology is a systematic engineering science covering many technical fields. The process of dry granulation involves complex mathematical model mechanisms of temperature field,pressure field and velocity field,closely related to the characteristics of materials and drying equipment. However,due to the late start of research on dry granulation technology of traditional Chinese medicine,basic research is still weak. The research on dry granulation technology has achieved great results in the fields of food,chemical industry,agriculture and forestry,showing great reference significance. The advantage of dry granulation of traditional Chinese medicine is that it can be directly granulated by adding an appropriate amount of auxiliary materials in the extract powder of traditional Chinese medicine,without the need of wetting,mixing,drying and other processes. The process is simple and can effectively guarantee the quality of traditional Chinese medicine. The granules obtained by the dry granulation technique are important intermediates for preparing the solid preparations of traditional Chinese medicines,which would directly affect the subsequent molding process and the quality of the preparation products. Therefore,based on the characteristics of dry granulation method in traditional Chinese medicine and by referring to the advanced research results of dry granulation technology in other fields,we would discuss the research ideas of dry granulation in traditional Chinese medicine in terms of the mechanism of dry granulation equipment,technology,on-line detection technology and mathematical model of dry granulation process,hoping to provide reference for the research of dry granulation method in traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Desiccation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Theoretical , Powders , Quality Control , Technology, Pharmaceutical
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707660

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between injection peak pressure and tubal patency during real-time three-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography(RT 3D-HyCoSy).Methods One hundred and seven patients who were scheduled to undergo transvaginal RT 3D-HyCoSy with SonoVue contrast agent were included in the study.They were injected with contrast agent by an YLD-YZ-800 auto contrast agent injection device. The patients were divided into tubal patency included bilateral patency group,one side patency group and bilateral positive group according to imaging results. During the examination,the injection peak pressure was recorded to analyze whether there were significant differences among the three groups.Results The contrast agent injection peak pressures of bilateral patency group,one side patency group and bilateral positive group were (34.58 ± 8.25)kPa,(44.85 ± 10.05)kPa and (54.26 ± 11.65)kPa,respectively. The differences of injection pressure among the three groups were statistically significant ( F = 38.732; P = 0.000,0.000,0.033). The peak pressure was negatively correlated with tubal patency ( r = -0.653,P =0.000).Conclusions Contrast agent injection peak pressure is associated with tubal patency in RT 3D-HyCoSy,and can be quantitatively measured to help for assessing fallopian tube patency.

7.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 840-845, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of PTEN on proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts and its mechanism. Methods:Stimulation of cardiac fibroblasts by high glucose, the levels of PTEN in cells were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Cell transfection of PTEN over expression vector,the levels of PTEN in transfected cells were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. High glucose stimulated transfection of PTEN overexpression vector into cardiac fibroblasts,cell proliferation was detected by MTT,the levels of p-STAT3 and STAT3 in cells were detected by Western blot,STAT3 pathway blocker AG490 was added into the cell culture medium to treat the cells, cell proliferation was detected by MTT, the levels of p-STAT3 and STAT3 in cells were detected by Western blot. Results:The levels of PTEN mRNA and protein in cardiac fibroblasts after high glucose treatment were significantly lower than those in normal culture ( P<0. 05 ) . The expression of PTEN mRNA and protein in transfected PTEN overexpressing cells was significantly higher than that in non transfected cells( P<0. 05) . The cell proliferation activity and p-STAT3 level were significantly higher than those of normal cells after high glucose(P<0. 05). The expression of PTEN was increased after high glucose induction,the cell proliferation activity and p-STAT3 level were decreased, the proliferation of the cells treated with AG490 decreased further. Conclusion:PTEN slows down the proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts induced by high glucose by inhibiting STAT3 signaling pathway.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687265

ABSTRACT

The compressibility of tablets is the essential operating unit during the preparation of traditional Chinese medicine tablets, as well as a complicated process. Therefore, it is of great significance to comprehensively study the influencing factors on the formation process. This paper aimed to review the evaluation methods for the tablet forming quality and highlight the effects of material powder properties, excipients and preparation technology on the quality of traditional Chinese medicine tablets on the basis of relevant literatures. Furthermore, the common problems in tablet forming process are also analyzed to provide useful references for the development of tablet forming quality of traditional Chinese medicines.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776392

ABSTRACT

Molecular imprinting technology is widely used in the separation and analysis of compounds such as flavonoids, alkaloids and polyphenols, due to its high selectivity and specific recognition and so on. However, no much of attention has been paid to the terpenoids. This paper is aimed to not only review the effects of common synthetic elements such as functional monomers, cross-linking agents and porogens on the polymer properties, but also highlight the application of terpene molecular imprinting in solid phase extraction, sensor, membrane separation and chromatographic separation by means of statistical analysis of literature. Furthermore, the shortcomings and improvement directions are discussed.We believed that this paper could provide references for better applications of molecular imprinting techniques to the analysis of terpenoid compounds.


Subject(s)
Chromatography , Molecular Imprinting , Polymers , Chemistry , Solid Phase Extraction , Terpenes , Chemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335777

ABSTRACT

The quality uniformity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation is the base for guaranteeing the safety and effectiveness of clinical medication. At present, the quality of TCM preparation is uneven. At present, the same TCM preparation in different manufacturers, TCM preparations in the same manufacturer, and even different batches of a same TCM preparation in the same manufacturer have great differences in quality, which can not reach stability and uniformity. This paper would discuss the possible factors that influence the uniformity of quality in the whole process of pharmacy by means of consulting relevant literature on quality control of Chinese herbal preparations and analyzing the present situation and problems of the quality of TCM preparation. In addition, some strategies such as standardization of cultivation of TCM, processing standardization, standardization of pharmaceutical equipment, mixed batch feeding, and Quality by Design would be also put forward to provide references for the quality uniformity of TCM preparation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811882

ABSTRACT

@#Ten compounds were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the stem bark of Toona sinensis by silica gel, ODS Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies and preparation TLC methods. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and chemical properties as betulinic acid(1), stigmastane-3, 6-dione(2), stigmast-4-en-3-one(3), 7β-hydroxysitosterol(4), 6-hydroxystigmast-4-en-3-one(5), stigmast-4-ene-3β, 6β-diol(6), ergosterol peroxide(7), 7-methoxy-2-(3, 4-methylenedioxyphenyl)benzofuran-5-carboxylate(8), canthin-6-one(9), and α-acetylamino-phenylpropyl α-benzoylamino phenylpropionate(10). All compounds were isolated from T. sinensis for the first time.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265358

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the regulation of geniposide nasal absorption.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>We used rat in situ nasal recirculation method as experimental model. The effects of perfusion volume, flow rate, perfusion concentration on nasal absorption of geniposide were studied.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Geniposide was stable in rats nasal lavage solution. At the perfusion volume 5 mL and flow rate 2.5 mL x min(-1), the absorption rate of geniposide remains constant in a dose-independent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mechanism of geniposide nasal absorption is passive diffusion following first order kinetics and the absorption rate constant is 4.20 x 10(-3).</p>


Subject(s)
Absorption , Administration, Intranasal , Animals , Diffusion , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Iridoids , Metabolism , Kinetics , Linear Models , Male , Nose , Metabolism , Perfusion , Rats , Sensitivity and Specificity , Solutions
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229802

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 7 subunit (CHRNA7) gene and schizophrenia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The three polymorphisms rs2337980, rs1909884, rs883473 in CHRNA7 gene were detected based on PCR and polyacrylamide gel microarray in 129 schizophrenic trios. The results of genotyping were analyzed by haplotype relative risk analysis based on haplotype(HHRR), transmission disequilibrium test(TDT) and hyplotype analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1)The HHRR analysis suggested that there was significant differences in rs2337980 allele frequencies between schizophrenia group and dummy control group(P= 0.017); (2)In TDT test, there may be transmission disequilibrium between rs2337980 and schizophrenia, the heterozygous parents excessively transferred the C allele to patients (P= 0.021); (3)The haplotype between rs2337980 and rs1909884 as well as the hyplotype among rs2337980, rs1909884 and rs883473 may have significant association with schizophrenia (global P= 0.034; global P= 0.027), the T-C and T-C-T hyplotype may have transmission disequilibrium with schizophrenia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There may be association between CHRNA7 gene polymorphisms and schizophrenia, the variant allele T in rs2337980 may have a protective effect to schizophrenia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Haplotypes , Humans , Linkage Disequilibrium , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Receptors, Nicotinic , Genetics , Schizophrenia , Genetics , Young Adult , alpha7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL