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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 597-601, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To s tudy the improvement effects of sinapic acid on Aβ42-induced injury of PC 12 cells and the mechanism. METHODS PC12 cells were divided into five groups :control group ,model group ,sinapic acid group ,phosphoinositide- 3-kinase(PI3K)inhibitor group and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)inhibitor group. Each inhibitor group was added with LY 294002 and U 0126(10 μmol/L)for 1 h;except for control group ,other four groups were treated with 2 μmol/L Aβ42 for 24 h to replicate the Alzheimer ’s disease cell model ;except for control group and model group ,other three groups were added with 100 μmol/L sinapic acid respectively. After 24 hours of continuous culture ,survival rate of PC 12 cells was detected and the morphology of PC 12 cells was observed. The content of Aβ42,mRNA expression of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB),protein expression of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP),protein kinase A (PKA),CREB signaling pathway and phosphorylated CREB (p-CREB)were detected. RESULTS After treated with sinapic acid ,the survival rate of PC 12 cells,mRNA expression of CREB and protein expressions of cAMP ,PKA and p-CREB were increased significantly (P<0.05),while the content of Aβ42 was decreased significantly (P<0.05);cell morphology was significantly improved and synapses increased. After intervened with PI 3K and ERK inhibitors ,the survival rate of PC 12 cells,above mRNA and protein expressions were reversed significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01);cell morphology was irregular ,the fragments increased ,and the synaptic connections decreased. CONCLUSIONS Sinapic acid can improve the survival rate of PC 12 cells injured by A β 42,improve cell (No.2021-KYYWF-0349) morphology and decrease the content of Aβ42,the mechanism of which may be associated with promoting the gene transcription of CREB , and activating cAMP/PKA/CREB signaling pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912078

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influenza vaccination status of chronic disease management patients in Qingpu district of Shanghai and the vaccination characteristics of different characteristic populations, so as to provide scientific basis for improving the influenza vaccination rate of chronic disease patients in the community.Methods:By comparing the data of Shanghai chronic disease management information system, immunization planning information system and medical association platform, 89 453 subjects who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria in Qingpu district were selected as the research objects. The vaccination coverage rate of the study subjects was calculated according to gender, age group, urban and rural distribution, occupation, chronic disease type and quantity, and the vaccination coverage rate of different subgroups was compared to analyze the influencing factors of vaccination coverage rate.Results:Most of the 89 453 patients with chronic diseases were 60 years old and above (71.93%). Patients with hypertension, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmoriary disease (COPD) and three chronic diseases accounted for 87.12%, 28.67%, 8.71% and 1.83%, respectively. Influenza vaccination coverage in the 2016/2017 flu season was low, at 0.32%. Influenza vaccination coverage rate of women (0.37%) was higher than that of men (0.27%), which was 1.41 times respectively(95% CI: 1.16, 1.72) that of men patients. The coverage rate of influenza vaccination for the 70-79 year-old group was the highest (0.74%), which was 1.74 times respectively(95% CI: 1.39, 2.19) that of 60-69 year-old patients. The vaccination coverage rate of government departments and institutions was the highest (1.14%), which was 12.58 times respectively(95% CI: 4.52, 34.99) that of retirees. The vaccination rate of COPD patients (3.68%) was 2.50 times (95% CI: 1.66, 3.77) higher than that of patients without COPD.Conclusions:Influenza vaccination rate for chronic disease management patients in Qingpu district of Shanghai is low. Gender, occupation, age and types of chronic diseases are the influencing factors. Patients with chronic disease management should be included in the priority vaccination targets for influenza vaccines, and vaccination intervention for occupational chronic diseases such as non-retired agriculture and forestry patients, especially male patients, should be strengthened to improve influenza vaccination coverage rate.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1010-1014, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate short-term clinical efficacy and safety of a cooling gel containing calcium-based antimicrobial peptide compounds (CAPCS cooling gel) combined with desonide cream in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) in children.Methods:From November 2019 to September 2020, a randomized, double-blind controlled clinical trial was conducted in 60 children with AD enrolled from Department of Dermatology and Venereology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. The 60 patients were randomly and equally divided into 2 groups: test group treated with topical desonide cream in the morning and evening as well as topical CAPCS cooling gel at noon during the first 3 days of treatment, followed by topical CAPCS cooling gel in the morning, at midday and in the evening for 11 days; control group treated with topical desonide cream in the morning and evening as well as topical CAPCS-free placebo gel at noon during the first 3 days of treatment, followed by topical CAPCS-free placebo gel in the morning, at midday and in the evening for 11 days. The treatment lasted 2 weeks. Finally, 56 AD patients completed the follow-up, and 28 in each group were included into the following analysis. Clinical indices, such as eczema area and severity index (EASI) , visual analogue scale (VAS) , investigator′s global assessment (IGA) and dermatology life quality index (DLQI) , were recorded before, 7 ± 3 days and 14 ± 3 days after the treatment, so were adverse reactions.Results:After 1-week treatment, 1 patient in the test group and 1 in the control group showed response to the treatment, with the response rate being 3.57% in both groups; after 2-week treatment, 12 patients in the test group and 2 in the control group showed response to the treatment, with response rates being 42.86% and 7.14% respectively; there were significant differences in the treatment outcomes between the two groups after 1- and 2-week treatment ( Z = -4.318, -5.474, respectively, both P < 0.05) . There was no significant difference in the EASI, VAS, IGA or DLQI score between the two groups before treatment (all P > 0.05) ; nonparametric Friedman test showed a significant difference in the changing trend of the EASI score over time between the two groups ( χ2 = 45.720, P < 0.05) . Two-way repeated measurement analysis of variance showed a significant difference in the VAS score ( F = 10.738, P = 0.002) , but no significant difference in IGA or DLQI score between the test group and control group after 1-week treatment ( F = 0.066, 0.804, P = 0.135, 0.374, respectively) ; after 2-week treatment, there were significant differences in the VAS, IGA and DLQI score between the 2 groups ( F = 67.313, 38.949, 51.503, respectively, all P < 0.001) . During the clinical study period, 1 adverse event occurred in the test group and control group each, which manifested as tingling or irritating sensation at the topically treated sites, and there was no significant difference in the incidence rate of adverse events between the two groups ( P > 0.05) . Conclusion:Short-term topical application of CAPCS cooling gel combined with desonide cream is effective for the treatment of AD in children, and does not increase the incidence of adverse reactions compared with the placebo.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prevalence of gout and related factors in community population, thereby provide evidence for comprehensive prevention and control of gout in community.Methods:A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling was used to survey the permanent residents of 20 to 75 years old in the 3 selected streets (towns), univariate analysis was performed using logistic regression by SPSS statistical software.Results:The prevalences of hyperuricemia and gout were 9.82% and 5.75% respectively(male 18.88% and 7.94%, female 3.79% and 4.29%)in Jiading Shanghai. The positive rate of family history was 17.13%, and the relationship between family history and gout was significant( OR=3.140, 95% CI 2.365-4.169, P<0.01). Age( OR=1.034, 95% CI 1.021-1.047), body mass index ( OR=1.102, 95% CI 1.074-1.131), waist-hip ratio ( OR=4.876, 95% CI 1.153-20.622), sleep quality ( OR=1.310, 95% CI 1.159-1.480), other animal meat ( OR=1.117, 95% CI 1.007-1.240), fresh water fish ( OR=1.138, 95% CI 1.005-1.288), and processed meat ( OR=1.145, 95% CI 1.033-1.270) were closely related to gout ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). Sex, alcohol drinking, marine fish, and soybean milk/soymilk were related to gout ( P<0.05 or P<0.01), but showed a protective effect ( OR<1.000). Conclusion:Reducing uric acid production through less consumption of purine-rich food such as animal meat as well as processed meat and weight control would be helpful in preventing gout.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909561

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating effects of resilience and depression on the relationship between social support and self-neglect.Methods:From July to October 2020, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 549 empty-nest community-dwelling elderly in the community using the social support rating scale, Connor and Davidson resilience scale, geriatric depression scale and elderly self-neglect scale. SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 24.0 were used for data analysis, including descriptive analysis, correlation analysis and structural equation modeling.Results:The scores of social support, resilience and self-neglect of the empty-nest elderly were (38.63±7.47), (64.30±14.57) and (3.72±2.67) respectively, and 31.70% (174/549) of the subjects had depressive symptoms. The score of self-neglect was negatively correlated with the score of social support ( r=-0.597, P<0.01) and resilience ( r=-0.557, P<0.01), and positively correlated with depression score ( r=0.675, P<0.01). The score of social support was positively correlated with resilience score ( r=0.531, P<0.01) and negatively correlated with depression ( r=-0.597, P<0.01). Social support could affect self-neglect directly ( β=-0.485, P<0.05), and it could also influence self-neglect indirectly through the partial mediating effect of resilience ( β=-0.451, P<0.05). The mediating effect of resilience and depression accounted for 12.18% and 36.00% of the total effects respectively. Conclusion:Social support could influence self-neglect directly or indirectly through resilience and depression. The empty-nesters should be encouraged to participate more in social activities so as to improve their resilience, reduce the occurrence of self-neglect.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 893-897, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909120

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between osteoarthritis and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)/depression among rural middle-aged and elderly people in Bayannur, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.Methods:From 2016 to 2018, a one-to-one interview questionnaire survey was conducted among 832 rural middle-aged and elderly people aged 45 or above in Bayannur. Logistic regression model was used to explore the relationship between osteoarthritis and GAD/depression.Results:Of 832 rural middle-aged and elderly participants, 28.73% (239/832) were diagnosed with osteoarthritis. The risk of GAD and depression increased by 71% [adjusted odds ratio ( AOR): 1.71, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 1.12 - 2.60] and 68% ( AOR: 1.68, 95% CI: 1.10 - 2.58), respectively, in patients with osteoarthritis compared with those without osteoarthritis. Conclusions:The prevalence of osteoarthritis is high among the middle-aged and elderly people in Bayannur, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Osteoarthritis may increase the risk of GAD/depression. It is necessary to take corresponding intervention measures to prevent the occurrence of osteoarthritis to reduce GAD/depression.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between serum bilirubin and cystatin C in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 750 patients who were in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from June 2017 to May 2018. The clinical data were collected, and the correlation between serum total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, indirect bilirubin and cystatin C was analyzed.Results:According to the results of single factor analysis, after adjusting the related confounding factors, the smooth curve fitting showed that there was a U-shaped relationship between the total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin and cystatin C. When the total bilirubin was <15.9 μmol/L, for every increase of 1 μmol/L in total bilirubin, cystatin C decreased 0.008 mg/L ( β = - 0.008, 95% CI - 0.014 to - 0.002, P<0.01); when indirect bilirubin was <11.5 μmol/L, for every increase of 1 μmol/L in indirect bilirubin, cystatin C decreased 0.011 mg/L ( β = - 0.011, 95% CI - 0.018 to - 0.003, P<0.01). When cystatin C was grouped according to the normal range (cystatin C<1.25 mg/L), after adjusting the related confounding factors, the smooth curve fitting showed that there was a U-shaped relationship between the total bilirubin and indirect bilirubin with cystatin C; when total bilirubin was <15.5 mol/L, for every increase of 1 μmol/L in total bilirubin, the risk of cystatin C exceeding the normal value was reduced by 17% ( OR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.71 to 0.96, P<0.01); when total bilirubin was ≥15.5 μmol/L, for every increase of 1 μmol/L in total bilirubin, the risk of cystatin C exceeding the normal value was increased by 12% ( OR = 1.12, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.25, P<0.05); when indirect bilirubin was <11.8 μmol/L, every increase of 1 μmol/L in indirect bilirubin, the risk of cystatin C exceeding the normal value was reduced by 20% ( OR = 0.80, 95% CI 0.67 to 0.95, P<0.01). However there was no significant correlation between direct bilirubin and cystatin C. Conclusions:There is a U-shaped relationship between total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin and cystatin C. At physiological concentrations, the increase of total bilirubin and indirect bilirubin can reduce cystatin C.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908539

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the delivery room (DR-CPR) at birth for very/extremely low birth weight infants (VLBWI/ELBWI).Method:PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP database and Wanfang database were searched. The search time limit is from the establishment of the database to October 26, 2020. Search and screen all the literature on the short-term and long-term outcomes of VLBWI/ELBWI who require DR-CPR and conduct quality evaluations. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to perform the Meta analysis. Egger's test in Stata Software 15.0 was used to draw a funnel plot and validate publication bias.Result:A total of 16 studies were included, all in English. 5 661 VLBWI/ELBWI received DR-CPR, and 73 438 VLBWI/ELBWI did not receive DR-CPR. The Meta analysis showed: DR-CPR for VLBWI/ELBWI was associated with an increased risk of mortality ( RR=2.30, 95% CI 1.89~2.82, P<0.05), grade 3 or 4 intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) or periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) ( RR=1.92, 95% CI 1.56~2.36, P<0.05),bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) ( RR=1.18,95% CI 1.04~1.33, P<0.05), neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) ( RR=1.25, 95% CI 1.14~1.38, P<0.05). However, it did not increase the risk of retinopathy of prematurity (>grade 2)( RR=1.31, 95% CI 0.96~1.79, P=0.09). The ELBWI was analyzed in subgroups, and the results were consistent with the overall results. Conclusion:CPR at birth for VLBWI/ELBWI was associated with higher risk of mortality, IVH (grade 3 or 4) or PVL, BPD, NDI.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of alcohol abstinence intervention based on timing theory on patients with alcoholic liver disease.Methods:A total of 106 patients with alcoholic liver disease hospitalized in the Department of liver disease of Taian Medical District, 960th Hospital of Chinese PLA from July 2018 to June 2019 were selected by convenience sampling method and divided into observation group and control group by random digits table method, 53 cases in each group. The control group received routine nursing, and through the improvement of patients' cognition and support system, implemented short abstinence intervention during hospitalization; the observation group received abstinence intervention based on timing theory on the basis of the control group intervention. At 1 month and 6 months after discharge, the differences of rehydration rate, alcohol dependence and physical and mental status between the two groups were compared.Results:Finally, 49 cases in the control group completed the study, and 51 cases in the observation group completed the study. The rehydration rates of the observation group were 21.57%(11/51) and 15.69%(8/51) respectively at 1 month and 6 months after discharge, while those of the control group were 40.82%(20/49) and 36.73%(18/49) respectively at 1 month and 6 months after discharge. The difference was statistically significant ( χ2 values were 4.328, 5.754, P<0.05). The alcohol dependence scores were 0(2,3), 0(1,2) in the observation group and 2(0,3), 3(1,4) in the control group at 1 month and 6 months after discharge, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z values were -6.719, -7.345, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the score of Symptom Checklist-90(SCL-90) before intervention and 1 month after discharge between the two groups ( P>0.05). Six months after discharge, the score of SCL-90 was 8.26 ± 1.37 in the observation group and 10.11 ± 1.68 in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant( t value was 6.046, P<0.01). Conclusions:The application of timing theory in alcohol abstinence of patients with alcoholic liver disease can significantly reduce the relapse rate and the degree of alcohol dependence of patients with alcoholic liver disease, improve the physical and mental state of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between sleep quality and the risk of acute exacerbation in mild and moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in Pudong New Area of Shanghai. Methods:This was a prospective study involving eligible mild and moderate COPD patients from 10 communities randomly selected in Pudong New District of Shanghai. A structured questionnaire was used to collect demographic characteristics, clinical information and information on acute exacerbation. Sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in Chinese. Multiple negative binomial regression was used to estimate the association between sleep quality and risk of exacerbation. Results:Altogether 212 mild/moderate COPD patients participated and completed the entire survey, of whom the majority (95.8%) were mild COPD patients, 110 persons female and over half (54.2%) over 65 years old. 32.9% of the patients had poorer sleep quality at baseline. 18.9% of the patients reported exacerbation over the past year during follow-ups. Multiple negative binomial regression suggested that increased PSQI was related to higher risk of exacerbation (RRad=1.12, 95%CI:1.02-1.24), and patients with poorer sleep efficiency had a higher risk of exacerbation (RRad=1.66, 95%CI:1.17-5.43). Conclusion:Poorer sleep quality is associated with a higher risk of exacerbation in community mild/moderate COPD patients, especially in those with problem of sleep efficiency. More attention to sleep disorders is warranted in community management or self-management of patients with COPD.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905314

ABSTRACT

Notch signaling pathway is a highly conserved signaling pathway in evolution, which would be activated to play a role in apoptosis, angiogenesis, neurogenesis, immune inflammation and others after ischemia. After acupuncture for ischemic stroke, the expression of Notch signaling pathways related factors increase, which may play a role in neurogenesis, ischemic tolerance, apoptosis, angiogenesis, and so on.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905278

ABSTRACT

Netrin-1 may protect and repair the damage caused by cerebral infarction, in terms of inhibiting apoptosis and inflammatory, and promoting angiogenesis and axon regeneration, etc. Netrin-1 may associate with the pathogenesis and outcome of cerebral infarction. The application of Netrin-1 in clinic needs more researches.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905269

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the prediction of Ischemic Stroke Predictive Risk Score (iScore), Preadmission Comorbidities, Level of Consciousness, Age, and Neurologic Deficit (PLAN), Acute Stroke Registry and Analysis of Lausanne (ASTRAL) and Totaled Health Risks in Vascular Events (THRIVE) for short- and long-term death for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Methods:From August, 2015 to June, 2018, 323 AIS patients in emergency ward were included, and followed up 30 days, three months and a year after including. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive effects of iScore, PLAN, ASTRAL and THRIVE. Results:The all-cause mortality 30 days, three months and a year after including was 12.4% (40/323), 17.3% (56/323) and 25.7% (83/323), respectively. The area under curve (AUC) from more to less arranged as iScore, PLAN, ASTRAL and THRIVES. There was significant difference of AUC between iScore and THRIVE (Z > 1.990, P < 0.05), but not among the others (Z < 1.943, P > 0.05). Conclusion:iScore, PLAN, ASTRAL and THRIVE may predict short- and long-term death of AIS patients in the emergency well, and iScore is the best. However, the procedure of iScore is complex, it is recommended to use PLAN and ASTRAL for emergency.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2676-2679, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905019

ABSTRACT

The incidence rate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing. Diet is considered one of the main driving forces regulating the composition of intestinal microbiota, and the intestine and the liver are closely linked through the portal vein, so changes in gut microbiota may affect liver function and promote inflammation, insulin resistance, and steatosis, thereby causing NAFLD. This article elaborates on the relationship between diet, gut microbiota, and the liver and the research advances in how this axis promotes the progression of NAFLD, as well as the change in potential mechanism due to intestinal dysbacteriosis and related treatment methods.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904624

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the components of proteins from Echinococcus granulosus cyst fluid using the shotgun method, and to identify the active components with potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases. Methods The E. granulosus cyst fluid was collected aseptically from the hepatic cysts of patients with cystic echinococcosis, and characterized by liquid chromatography (LC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) following digestion with trypsin. The protein data were searched using the software MaxQuant version 1.6.1.0 and the cellular components, molecular functions, and biological processes of the identified proteins were analyzed using the Gene Ontology (GO) method. Results The E. granulosus cyst fluid separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) had a relative molecular mass of 25 to 70 kDa. LS-MS/MS analysis identified 37 proteins, including 32 known proteins and 5 unknown proteins. At least 4 proteins were preliminarily found to exhibit potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases, including antigen B, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), thioredoxin peroxidase (TPX) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). GO enrichment analysis showed that the identified proteins had 149 molecular functions and were involved in 341 biological processes. Conclusions E. granulosus cyst fluid has a variety of protein components, and four known proteins are preliminarily identified to be associated with immune dysregulation diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878913

ABSTRACT

In the process of harvesting, production and processing, storage, and transportation, the traditional Chinese medicine Platycladi Semen is prone to mildew due to its own and environmental factors, which can nourish the production of toxic or pathogenic fungi, and even produce mycotoxins, which affects the safety of clinical medication. The 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia limits the highest standard of aflatoxin content in Platycladi Semen. However, there are few studies on the fungal contamination of Platycladi Semen, and it is difficult to prevent and control it in a targeted manner. Therefore, based on the Illumina NovaSeq6000 platform, this article uses ITS sequence amplicon technology to analyze the distribution and diversity of fungi in 27 batches of commercially available Platycladi Semen in the Chinese market. A total of 10 phyla, 35 classes, 93 orders, 193 families, 336 genera, and 372 species of fungi were identified in China. Among them, Aspergillus, Alternaria spp. were dominant, 20 batches of samples were detected for A. flavus, 10 batches of samples were detected for A. nidulans, and all samples were detected for potential pathogenic fungi such as A. fumigatus and A. niger. According to diversity analysis, the diversity of the fungal communities in the samples from Gansu province was high, the samples in Shandong province contain the largest number of fungal species, and the samples in Guangxi province had the lo-west diversity and the least number of species. In most samples, pathogenic fungi such as A. fumigatus, A. niger, A. flavus, A. parasiticus were detected in varying degrees. This study systematically investigated the fungal contamination of Platycladi Semen from the markets in the last link of the its industrial chain, and clarified the distribution of Platycladi Semen fungi, especially toxin-producing fungi, and provided theoretical basis for the targeted prevention and control of fungal contamination in Platycladi Semen.


Subject(s)
Aflatoxins , China , Fungi/genetics , Humans , Mycobiome , Mycotoxins/analysis , Semen/chemistry
17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1181-1186, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the improvement effects of sinapic acid (SA)on PC 12 cell damage induced by Aβ1-42,and to investigate its effect on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/tyrosine kinase B (TrkB)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)signaling pathway. METHODS :PC12 cells were divided into blank group ,model group ,SA low-dose and high-dose groups(50,100 μmol/L). Except for blank group ,cell damage was induced by Aβ1-42 in other groups ;24 h after modeling , administration groups were added with the corresponding solution and cultured for 24 h. Morphological changes of cells in each group were observed. Cell survival rate ,mRNA expression and protein level of BDNF ,protein expression of TrkB ,ERK1/2 and phosphorylated ERK 1/2(p-ERK1/2)were detected. p-ERK/ERK ratio was calculated. RESULTS :Compared with blank group ,the model group had shorter synapses ,looser intercellular junctions ,poor adhesion ,dim cytoplasm and more granules in cytoplasm. Cell survival rate and mRNA expression and protein level of BDNF ,the relative expression of TrkB and p-ERK 1/2 protein,p-ERK/ ERK ratio were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with model group ,in SA high-dose group the pathological changes of the cells were significantly improved ,the survival rate of the cells ,the mRNA expression and protein level of BDNF,the relative expression of TrkB and p-ERK 1/2 protein, p-ERK/ERK ratio were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P< 0.01). CONCLUSIONS:SA can i mprove PC 12 cells damage induced by Aβ1-42,the mechanism of which may be associated with activating BDNF/TrkB/ERK signaling pathway. qq.com

18.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 249-255, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of lower extremity venous thrombosis in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture during perioperative period after artificial bipolar femoral head replacement and the effect of Mailuoshutong in clinical prevention and treatment of thrombosis.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted on the clinical data of 92 elderly patients with femoral neck fracture who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of North China University of Technology from January 2015 to January 2020.According to the treatment method, the patients were divided into an observation group (44 cases) and a control group (48 cases). Patients in the observation group were treated with the combination of Mailuoshutong Pill and low molecular weight heparin calcium.The control group was treated with low molecular weight heparin calcium.The patients in both groups started anti-coagulation therapy immediately after admission, and they stopped the drug one day before operation and continued to take the drug on the second day after operation.Venous ultrasound of both lower limbs was recorded at the time of admission, on the 7th day after admission, and 14 days after surgery.The changes in hemoglobin, red blood cell count and drainage volume before and after operation were recorded.Results:The incidence of thrombosis was 2 cases (4.54%) on the 7th day after admission in the observation group and 9 cases (18.75%) in the control group.The difference was statistically significant (χ 2=4.400, P=0.036). The incidence of thrombosis was 3 cases (6.82%) in the observation group and 11 cases (22.92%) in the control group 14 days after operation.The difference was statistically significant(χ 2=4.611, P=0.032). The hemoglobin changes of observation group and control group were (23.73±6.89) g/L and (22.10±5.18) g/L respectively on the first day before operation and 48 hours after operation.The red blood cell count changes were (0.67±0.32) × 1012/L and (0.56±0.36) × 1012/L respectively, and the drainage volume of drainage tube after operation was (100.27±23.73) ml and (102.40±20.90) ml, respectively.There was no significant difference in the above indexes between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that only low molecular weight heparin calcium was used to prevent and treat thrombosis ( OR=10.281, 95% CI: 1.609-65.689, P=0.014); the elderly patients ( OR=1.190, 95% CI: 1.061-1.336, P=0.003) and the thrombosis at the time of admission ( OR=8.346, 95% CI: 1.773-39.281, P=0.007) were the risk factors for lower extremity venous thrombosis on the 14th day after surgery. Conclusion:Mailuoshutong pill combined with low molecular weight heparin calcium can safely and effectively treat lower extremity venous thrombosis in perioperative period of artificial femoral head replacement for femoral neck fracture in elderly patients.Mailuoshutong pill combined with low molecular weight heparin calcium was a protective factor for lower extremity venous thrombosis 14 d after operation, while advanced age and thrombosis at the time of admission were risk factors.

19.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 154-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884150

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical effect of Maizhiling tablets combined with salmon calcitonin in the treatment of elderly femoral neck fracture after artificial femoral head replacement and the influencing factors of hip joint function 6 months after operation.Methods:Prospective research methods were used in this article.A total of 84 elderly patients with femoral neck fracture who underwent artificial femoral head replacement in the Affiliated Hospital of North China University of Science and Technology from January 2017 to June 2019 were selected and randomly divided into the treatment group (41 cases) and the control group (43 cases) by the random number table method.The treatment group was treated with Maizhiling tablet and salmon calcitonin nasal spray plus basic calcium; the control group was treated with basic calcium.Independent sample t test was used to compare the visual analogue score (VAS) on the 5th day after operation, the time of complete disappearance of congestion in thigh, and the time of first ambulation after operation between the two groups.The bone mineral density (BMD) of contralateral femoral neck and Harris score of hip joint function were compared between the two groups at 14 days, 3 months and 6 months after operation by repeated measurement variance analysis.Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of hip joint function at 6 months after operation.Results:VAS score on the 5th day after surgery: (6.34±1.54) points in the treatment group and (7.02±1.50) points in the control group.Complete regression time of thigh congestion: (12.12±2.27) d in the treatment group and (13.88±2.58) d in the control group.The first postoperative activity time was (5.93±1.52) d in the treatment group and (7.84±1.05) d in the control group, and the differences of the above indexes between the two groups were statistically significant ( t value was 2.051, 3.313, 6.673, respectively, all P<0.05). The BMD values of the contralateral femoral neck in the treatment group were (0.543±0.123), (0.561±0.119), (0.606±0.105) g/cm 2 at 14 days, 3 months and 6 months after operation, and (0.530±0.092), (0.517±0.089), (0.526±0.090) g/cm 2 in the control group.The results of variance analysis of repeated measurements showed that Fintra-group=55.726, P<0.01; Finter-group=4.206, P<0.05; Finteraction=57.654, P<0.01.There were significant differences between 3 months, 6 months and 14 days after operation in the treatment group (all P<0.01), and between 3 months and 6 months after operation ( P<0.01). In the control group, there was significant difference between 14 days and 3 months ( P<0.01), and between 3 months and 6 months ( P<0.01); 6 months after operation, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The Harris scores of hip joint in the treatment group were (82.12±8.18), (85.49±6.61), (87.10±6.57) points and (78.91±5.75), (81.44±6.42), (83.67±6.97) points in the control group.The results of repeated measurement ANOVA showed that Fintra-group=64.526, P<0.01; Finter-group=6.529, P<0.05; Finteraction=0.501, P>0.05.There were significant differences between 3 months, 6 months and 14 days after operation (all P<0.01). There were significant differences between 3 months and 6 months after operation ( P<0.05). There were significant differences between the groups 14 days, 3 months and 6 months after operation ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age( OR=1.318, 95% CI1.002-1.732, P=0.048) and treatment method ( OR=29.168, 95% CI 1.030-824.623, P=0.048) were risk factors for hip function on the replacement side, and Harris score of hip function 14 days after surgery ( OR=0.624, 95% CI 0.447-0.873, P=0.006) were protective factors for hip function 6 months after surgery. Conclusion:Maizhiling tablets and salmon calcitonin nasal spray have good effects on removing blood stasis, relieving pain, effectively improving bone mineral density and promoting the recovery of joint function after artificial femoral head replacement for senile femoral neck fracture.The younger age of patients, postoperative treatment with Maizhiling tablets combined with salmon calcitonin and good recovery of hip function in 14 days after operation are the protective factors of good hip function in 6 months after operation.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 394-398, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the reference value of ultrasonography (US) image features, elastography and serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in preoperative diagnosis of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC).Methods:Retrospective analysis was conducted to collect clinical data of patients undergoing thyroid surgery in the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from September 2018 to January 2020. All patients underwent conventional ultrasound, elastography examination and serum TSH level measurement before surgery; patients were divided into benign group and DTC group according to the results of pathological results of the operation, and the US image features and elasticity score were analyzed by chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression to evaluate the causes of DTC; a multivariate logistic regression model was established and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn with the regression model, by analyzing the area under the ROC curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and accuracy, the reference value of US image features, elastography and serum TSH levels in the preoperative diagnosis of DTC were judged.Results:Clinical data of 81 patients were collected, including 17 men and 64 women, aged (48.72 ± 10.58) years. In benign group, there were 37 cases, including 10 men and 27 women, with age of (53.24 ± 9.59) years; there were 44 patients in DTC group, including 7 men and 37 women, with age of (44.91 ± 9.95) years old, the age difference between benign group and DTC group was significant ( t = 3.822, P < 0.05), while the gender difference was not statistically significant (χ 2 = 1.498, P > 0.05). There were significant differences in the number, size, echo level, microcalcification, aspect ratio and elasticity score between benign group and DTC group (χ 2 = 49.000, 4.457, 32.111, 5.444, 4.457, 49.926, P < 0.05); multivariate logistic analysis showed that hypoecho, microcalcification, aspect ratio > 1 and elasticity score were risk factors for DTC ( OR = 8.042, 4.787, 4.160, 2.380, P < 0.05), the ROC curve of the multivariate logistic regression model showed that the AUC was 0.841 (95% CI = 0.743 - 0.939), sensitivity was 90.91%, specificity was 72.97%, and accuracy was 82.72%; the AUC of serum TSH level prediction of DTC showed that the AUC was 0.721 ( P < 0.05), sensitivity was 72.70%, specificity was 64.90%, accuracy was 54.30%, and TSH best cut-off value was 2.215 μU/ml. Conclusion:In the preoperative diagnosis of DTC, US image features, elastography and serum TSH levels are of important clinical reference value for diagnosis of DTC, and the establishment of multivariate logistic regression model is conducive in improving the clinicians prediction of the occurrence of DTC.

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