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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 480-483, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922908

ABSTRACT

Recombinant humanized anti-ricin monoclonal antibody (MIL50) is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody targeting ricin. In this study, an ELISA method was used to establish a method for the determination of MIL50 in macaque serum, and a cross design method was used. Twelve rhesus monkeys were intravenously injected 1 mg·kg-1 test preparation (MIL50 freeze-died powder injection) and reference preparation (MIL50 liquid preparation) to determine the plasma concentration of MIL50 at different time points, and the pharmacokinetic parameters were analyzed to compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics of MIL50 liquid preparation and freeze-died powder injection in rhesus monkeys. Animal welfare and experimental procedures follow the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Use of Laboratory Animals and the regulations derived by the Animal Care and Welfare Committee of the Institute of Radiation Medicine, Academy of Military Medical Sciences (IACUC-DWZX-2020-503). The results showed that there was no significant difference between Cmax and AUC0-5d in the two groups. The liquid preparation was the reference preparation, with Cmax ratio of 101.6% and AUC0-5d ratio of 101.9%, the 90% confidence interval of Cmax was 79.42%-129.92%, and the 90% confidence interval of AUC0-5d was 85.72%-121.18%. These results suggested that different dosage forms of MIL50 had certain differences in the changes of blood drug concentration in rhesus monkeys.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the reform and practice of bone marrow puncture simulation teaching to improve the learning ability of undergraduates.Methods:In this study, 112 students in Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University were selected and divided into experimental group and control group. The control group received routine bone marrow puncture teaching and training, and the experimental group received bone marrow puncture teaching and training mainly to improve the students' practical ability. Evaluation indicators were teaching effect and teaching satisfaction. SPSS 22.0 was conducted for chi-square test and t test. Results:The students in the experimental group were better than those in the control group in preoperative preparation, puncture site selection, operation methods, precautions and understanding of examiner's questions ( P < 0.001), and the students in the experimental group were more satisfied with course design, classroom interaction, increasing learning interest and improving the mastery of operation skills than those in the control group were ( P < 0.001). Conclusion:The role change of teachers and the simulation teaching of bone marrow puncture to improve the practical ability of undergraduates increases the students' enthusiasm for learning the operation of bone marrow puncture, improves the quality of teaching and the students' operation skills of bone marrow puncture, and promotes the comprehensive development of students, which is worthy of further promotion.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible mechanism of Huangqintang in treating ulcerative colitis (UC). Method:The animal model of UC was induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS).The experimental animals were divided into control group, model group,Huangqintang low dose (4.55 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium dose (9.1 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high dose(18.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) groups. Intragastric administration was also given in the modeling process for 7 consecutive days. At the end of the 8th day, colon tissues were collected to measure colon length and mass, and calculate the colon mass index. Pathological changes were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Serum iron content, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were determined by biochemical assay. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GSH-Px4), long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase 4 (ACSL4) and ferritin heavy chain 1(FTH1). The mRNA expression levels of tumor trotein 53 (P53) and solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) in colon tissues were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:The experimental studies showed that compared with normal group, serum MPO and iron content, ACSL4 protein level and relative P53 mRNA expression in the model group significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), while serum SOD, CAT, GSH content, GSH-Px4, FTH1 relative protein expression level and relative SLC7A11 mRNA expression in the model group significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, serum MPO and iron content, ACSL4 protein level and relative P53 mRNA expression significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), while serum SOD, CAT, GSH content, GSH-Px4, FTH1 relative protein expression level and relative SLC7A11 mRNA expression significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05) after the intervention of Huangqintang, and the effect was most significant in the high-dose group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The results of general condition, colon length, colon mass index and HE staining showed that Huangqintang could relieve clinical symptoms and histopathological changes in UC mice. Conclusion:These results indicated that Huangqintang had therapeutic effect on ulcerative colitis mice, and its mechanism might be related to inhibiting the oxidative stress and ferroptosis.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1417-1423, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922274

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between effect of induction chemotherapy and prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 146 adult AML patients treated in Affiliated Hospital of Chifeng University from March 2015 to March 2018 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed. Day 14 bone marrow biopsy (D14BM) cellularity and blast proportion, daily peripheral blood blast (PBB) clearance rate, time to PBB clearance and etc. were primarily observed after induction chemotherapy. All the patients were divided into Non-relapse survival group, Relapse survival group, Non-relapse death group and Relapse death group according to survival and recurrence situation during 2-year follow-up. The survival of the patients was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier. Univariate analysis of prognostic factors were performed by ordinal Logistic regression, and ROC curve was used to assess the prediction efficiency of those factors for the 2-year overall survival (OS) and relapse of the patients.@*RESULTS@#A total of 138 patients were included since 8 cases failed to be assessed clinically. Their 2-year OS rate was 65.94%. Age of the patients in Non-relapse survival group was lower than that in Relapse death group. The D14BM cellularities in Non-relapse survival group and Relapse survival group were lower than those in Relapse death group (P10%, while it was higher in patients with daily PBB clearance rate >20% than those with clearance rate≤20% (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bone marrow biopsy results and PBB clearance rate are related to prognosis in AML patients, which can offer certain predictive value in assessing 2-year OS of patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child, Preschool , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921540

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy(DR)is the major microvascular disease in diabetic patients,and it is also one of the main blinding eye diseases in the current population.The typical pathological change of DR in the eyes is vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)-mediated neovascularization induced by retinal ischemic stimulation.Therefore,anti-VEGF drugs have gradually become one of the mainstream methods to treat DR and DR-induced diseases such as diabetic macular edema.Recent studies have proved that anti-VEGF drugs have certain effects on ocular blood vessels and blood flow in patients with DR,while the specific mechanism has not been fully elucidated.This article summarizes the research progress on the effects of intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs on the ocular blood vessels and blood flow in patients with DR.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors/therapeutic use
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4446-4454, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921520

ABSTRACT

Molecular biology is a biology course containing multiple core concepts and complex biological processes, which are organized in a strong logic. In order to help the medical students in college of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) understand the content of this professional foundation course, we integrated the mind mapping model into the three sessions of teaching this course. First, putting forward teaching questions through a "nine grids analysis" model before the class teaching; second, transforming class teaching through a "six thinking hats" model; third, reviewing teaching content through a "pyramid principle" model, which helps students develop closed-loop thinking skills. The students' understandings to the course content were enhanced by connecting, merging and diverging the relevant knowledge through thinking visualization. According to the questionnaire, 91% of the students believe that the application of mind mapping model is an effective teaching method, which improves the teaching efficiency and effect. Furthermore, 76% of the students deem this method helps them improve their thinking ability and they also try to apply this method to the study process of other courses. Therefore, the application of mind mapping model in teaching plays an important role in fostering students' high-order thinking skills and provides a new approach for college curriculum teaching.


Subject(s)
Curriculum , Humans , Molecular Biology , Students , Thinking
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 471-481, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887682

ABSTRACT

Sleep exerts important functions in the regulation of cognition and emotion. Recent studies have found that sleep disorder is one of the important risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the effects of chronic sleep deprivation on the cognitive functions of AD model mice and its possible mechanism are still unclear. In the present study, 8-month-old male APP/PS1/tau triple transgenic AD model (3xTg-AD) mice and wild type (WT) mice (n = 8 for each group) were subjected to chronic sleep deprivation by using the modified multiple platform method, with 20 h of sleep deprivation each day for 21 days. Then, open field test, elevated plus maze test, sugar water preference test, object recognition test, Y maze test and conditioned fear memory test were performed to evaluate anxiety- and depression-like behaviors, and multiple cognitive functions. In addition, the immunohistochemistry technique was used to observe pathological characteristics in the hippocampus of mice. The results showed that: (1) Chronic sleep deprivation did not affect anxiety- (P = 0.539) and depression-like behaviors (P = 0.874) in 3xTg-AD mice; (2) Chronic sleep deprivation exacerbated the impairments of object recognition memory (P < 0.001), working memory (P = 0.002) and the conditioned fear memory (P = 0.039) in 3xTg-AD mice; (3) Chronic sleep deprivation increased amyloid β (Aβ) deposition (P < 0.001) and microglial activation (P < 0.001) in the hippocampus of 3xTg-AD mice, without inducing abnormal tau phosphorylation and neurofibrillary tangles. These results indicate that chronic sleep deprivation exacerbates the impairments of recognition memory, working memory and conditioned fear memory in 3xTg-AD mice by aggravating Aβ deposition and the excessive activation of microglia in the hippocampus.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/genetics , Animals , Cognition , Disease Models, Animal , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Presenilin-1 , Sleep Deprivation , tau Proteins
8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 207-210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884033

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors and to build a model for predicting successful labor induction with cervical ripening balloon (CRB) in primipara.Methods:312 cases of primipara in late trimester of pregnancy induced by CRB between January 2018 and April 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University were reviewed retrospectively. Factors including gravidity, age, body height, body weight, body mass index (BMI), the cervical Bishop score, neonatal birth weight, pregnant complication and other factors were collected to analyze the effect on successful labor induction.Results:Pregnancy times, cervical Bishop score and height in primipara were positively correlated with the success rate of induced labor, while BMI and neonatal weight were negatively correlated with the success rate of induced labor. The area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.849 and diagnostic threshold was 0.725, with a sensitivity of 80.7% and a specificity of 75.7%.Conclusions:Among the primipara, the gravidity and cervical Bishop score are the most significant factors influencing the successful labor induction. These factors can be used as the predictive indexes for the outcome of labor induction along with pregnancy times, height, BMI and neonatal birth weight, which is beneficial to reduce the artificial interventions and improve the success rate of labor induction.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879021

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of Huangqin Decoction on ulcerative colitis(UC) pyroptosis, and to explain the mechanism of pyroptosis based on NOD-like receptor thermoprotein domain 3(NLRP3)/cysteine proteinase 1(caspase-1) pathway. The animal model of UC induced with 3% dextran sodium sulfate(DSS) was established. The experimental animals were divided into control group, model group, low-dose(4.55 g·kg~(-1)), medium-dose(9.1 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(18.2 g·kg~(-1)) Huangqin Decoction groups and salazosulfapyridine group(0.45 g·kg~(-1)). While modeling, intragastric administration was given for 7 consecutive days. On the 8 th day, the mice were euthanized, the colon length was collected, and the histopathological changes were observed by HE staining. The content of interleukin-18(IL-18) was observed by ELISA. The content of lactatedehydrogenase(LDH)was determined by microplate method. TUNEL assay kit was used to detect the cell death. The immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expressions of NLRP3 and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD(ASC). Western blot was used to detect the expressions of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), caspase-1 and gasdermin D(GSDMD).The experimental study showed that compared with normal group, the LDH content, TUNEL positive staining, inflammatory factors(IL-18, IL-1β), and proteins associated with pyroptosis were significantly increased(P<0.05). Compared with model control group, the LDH content, TUNEL positive staining, inflammatory factors(IL-18, IL-1β), and proteins associated with pyroptosis were decreased, and these results were more significant in high-dose groups(P<0.05). The results of HE staining showed that Huangqin Decoction could improve the pathological changes of colon. Huangqin Decoction could inhibit UC cell pyroptosis, and the mechanism may be closely related to NLRP3/caspase-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 1/genetics , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Mice , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Pyroptosis , Scutellaria baicalensis
10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1362-1369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877259

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To overview t he s ystematic revi ews on JAK inhibitors in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to provide evidence-based basis for the treatment of RA with these drugs. METHODS :The Cochrane Library ,PubMed, Embase,CNKI,Wanfang database and VIP were electronically searched to collect systematic reviews of JAK inhibitors in the treatment of RA from inception to Dec. 2020. After data extraction of included systematic review ,PRISMA statement ,AMSTAR2 scale and GRADE were used to evaluate the report quality ,methodological quality and the level of evidence for outcome indicators. RESULTS :A total of 12 systematic reviews involving 103 outcomes were included. PRISMA score of systematic reviews was between 17.5 and 22.5,and the reported quality defects were mainly reflected in scheme ,registration and other aspects. AMSTAR 2 evaluation results showed that there were 6 studies of low quality and 6 studies of very low quality ,without high-quality study and medium-quality study. GRADE assessment results for outcome indicators showed low to medium quality of evidence. The summary of evidence showed that compared to placebo ,JAK inhibitor could alleviate various indicators of RA ; compared to adalimumab ,the advantage was not obvious. JAK inhibitors did not increase the incidence of serious adverse events , but the systematic reviews were inconsistent in their effects on the incidence of total adverse events and liver injury. CONCLUSIONS:The efficacy of JAK inhibitors in the treatment of RA has certain advantages over placebo ,but more studies are needed to demonstrate the efficacy of JAK inhibitors in the treatment of RA compared to other drugs ;the advantage of safety is uncertain.

11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 495-505, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888737

ABSTRACT

On the basis of real-world clinical data, the study aimed to explore the effect and mechanisms of the treatment plan of "traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) regulating liver regeneration." A total of 457 patients with HBV-related liver failure were retrospectively collected. The patients were divided into three groups: the modern medicine control group (MMC group), patients treated with routine medical treatment; the control group combining traditional Chinese and Western medicine (CTW), patients treated with routine medical treatment plus the common TCM formula; and the treatment group of "TCM regulating liver regeneration" (RLR), patients treated with both routine medical treatment and the special TCM formula of RLR. After 8 weeks of treatment, the mortality of patients in the RLR group (12.31%) was significantly lower than those in the MMC (50%) and CTW (29.11%) groups. Total bilirubin level significantly decreased and albumin increased in the RLR group when compared with the MMC and CTW groups (P < 0.05). In addition, there were significant differences in the expression of several cytokines related to liver regeneration in the RLR group compared with the MMC group. RLR treatment can decrease jaundice, improve liver function, and significantly reduce the mortality in patients with HBV-related liver failure. The mechanism may be related to the role of RLR treatment in influencing cytokines related to liver regeneration.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Humans , Liver Failure , Liver Regeneration , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical application of the modified nutritional risk screening tool and nutrition assessment in pediatric patients in China, and to provide a theoretical basis for establishing a standardized nutritional management process for pediatric patients.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the nutritional risk screening and nutrition assessment data of 16 249 hospitalized children. According to the degree of nutritional risk, the children were divided into a high nutritional risk group with 588 children, a moderate nutritional risk group with 4 330 children, and a non-nutritional risk group with 11 331 children. Nutrition assessment results were compared between groups. The composition of nutritional risk screening scores and the impact of nutritional risk screening on the rate of nutrition support therapy were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of nutritional risk was 30.27% (4 918/16 249), and the incidence rates of malnutrition and overnutrition were 27.37% (4 448/16 249) and 11.29% (1 834/16 249), respectively. Nutrition assessment results were significantly correlated with nutritional risk (≥ 5 years old:@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a high incidence rate of nutritional risk in hospitalized children. The use of the modified pediatric nutritional risk screening tool can promote the implementation of standardized nutritional management.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Humans , Malnutrition , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828031

ABSTRACT

Data GSE75214 and GSE48959 that contained ulcerative colitis(UC) in the active stage was download from GEO database. Differential genes of UC in the active phase were obtained by using adjusted P<0.05 and |log_2 FC|≥1.5, which was the screening criteria. PPI analysis was performed in the STRING database, and GO and KEGG pathway analysis was performed in DAVID database. Cytoscape was used to visualize differential genes, and calculate key genes in the active phase. Coremine Medical was used to analyze and systematically evaluate traditional Chinese medicines for treating key genes. Finally, 139 differentially expressed genes in the active phase were screened out, which included the 109 up-regulated genes and 30 down-regulated genes. DAVID analyzed that the biology and pathways of these differential genes were mainly concentrated in inflammatory response, immune response, chemokine activity, TNF pathway, NF-κB pathway, and Toll-like receptor pathway. Cytoscape software calculated that IL-6, CXCL8, IL-1β, MMP9, CXCL1, ICAM1, CXCL10, TIMP1, PTGS2 and CXCL9 were the key genes of UC in the active phase. According to Coremine Medical analysis, traditional Chinese medicines for UC in the active stage included Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix, Curcumae Radix had clearing heat clearing damp, reducing fire and detoxifying effects, which was in line with the pathogenesis of UC active stage, and was often used in clinical treatment of dampness-heat diarrhea. Therefore, Huangqin Decoction, which Scutellariae Radix was the principal drug, was selected for systematic evaluation. The evaluation showed that Scutellariae Radix was superior to Western medicine in terms of improving clinical efficiency, reducing inflammatory factors and immunoglobulin levels, with statistically significant differences and fewer adverse reactions. This study provided a new idea for further research on the pathogenesis of UC in the active phase by analyzing the genes and their mechanism of action, and the systematic evaluation of Chinese medicine for the treatment of UC active stage provided a basis for the clinical prevention and treatment of UC by Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Colitis, Ulcerative , Computational Biology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Scutellaria baicalensis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828024

ABSTRACT

To scientifically evaluate the intervention effect of Chinese medicine preventive administration(combined use of Huo-xiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) on community population in the case of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), a large cohort, prospective, randomized, and parallel-controlled clinical study was conducted. Total 22 065 subjects were included and randomly divided into 2 groups. The non-intervention group was given health guidance only, while the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention group was given two coordinated TCM in addition to health guidance. The medical instructions were as follows. Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid: oral before meals, 10 mL/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days. Jinhao Jiere Granules: dissolve in boiling water and take after meals, 8 g/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days, followed up for 14 days, respectively. The study found that with the intake of medication, the incidence rate of TCM intervention group was basically maintained at a low and continuous stable level(0.01%-0.02%), while the non-intervention group showed an overall trend of continuous growth(0.02%-0.18%) from 3 to 14 days. No suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case occurred in either group. There were 2 cases of colds in the TCM intervention group and 26 cases in the non-intervention group. The incidence of colds in the TCM intervention group was significantly lower(P<0.05) than that in the non-intervention group. In the population of 16-60 years old, the incidence rate of non-intervention and intervention groups were 0.01% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference of colds incidence between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). In the population older than 60 years old, they were 0.04% and 0.21%, respectively. The incidence of colds in the non-intervention group was higher than that in the intervention group, but not reaching statistical difference. The protection rate of TCM for the whole population was 91.8%, especially for the population of age 16-60(95.0%). It was suggested that TCM intervention(combined use of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) could effectively protect community residents against respiratory diseases, such as colds, which was worthy of promotion in the community. In addition, in terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions in the TCM intervention group was relatively low, which was basically consistent with the drug instructions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826352

ABSTRACT

Myasthenia gravis(MG)is a B cell-mediated,T cell-dependent,complements-involved autoimmune disease.Ocular myasthenia gravis(OMG)is a typical MG,with its symptoms limited to the extraocular muscles.The occurrence and development of a variety of autoimmune diseases including OMG are closely associated with the imbalanced expression of follicular regulatory T cells(Tfr cells).Therefore,Tfr cells may be a new research topic for OMG.


Subject(s)
Complement System Proteins , Humans , Myasthenia Gravis , Oculomotor Muscles , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873509

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA SFTA1P in non small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) and its biological function in NSCLC cell lines. Methods Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction( qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of SFTA1P in 18 pairs of NSCLC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. The expression of SFTA1P was detected by qRT-PCR in five different NSCLC cell lines ( A549,SPCA1,H460,H1975 and H1299) and one normal lung epithelial cell line ( HBE) . The overexpression vector of SFTA1P was designed and constructed. The overex- pressed cell line was constructed by transfection,the effects of overexpression of SFTA1P on proliferation, invasion and migration of NSCLC cells were detected by CCK-8 assay and transwell assay. Results The expression of SFTA1P in NSCLC tissues was lower than that of adjacent normal tissues ( t = 2. 158,P = 0. 043) . SFTA1P expression was detected in 5 strains of NSCLC cell lines and normal lung epithelial cell line. The expression of SFTA1P was the lowest in A549 and H460 cell lines ( t = 5. 769,P = 0. 004; t = 5. 772,P= 0. 004) ,and the highest in H1299 and H1975 cell lines ( t = 22. 248,P<0. 001; t = 11. 814,P <0. 001) . SFTA1P overexpression cell models were successfully constructed using A549 and H460 cell lines( all P<0.05) . The overexpression of SFTA1P could inhibit proliferation,invasion and migration of H460 and A549 cells ( ( all P < 0. 05) . Conclusions SFTA1P can affect the biological functions of NSCLC cells by inhibiting the proliferation,migration and invasion. SFTA1P may play a role as a tumor suppressor gene in tumorigenesis and development.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873040

ABSTRACT

Pyroptosis,which is different from cell necrosis, apoptosis and autophagy,is a new type of programmed cell death. It is characterized by the swelling of cells until the cell membrane rupture, resulting in the release of cell contents and the activation of a strong inflammatory response. Pyroptosis signaling pathway is divided into the classical pathway dependent on Caspase-1 and the non-classical pathway dependent on Caspase-4, 5 and 11. In classical pathway, activation Caspase-1 depends on inflammasome, whereas in non-classical pathway, Caspase-4, 5, and 11 are activated directly. All of these result in the cleavage of gasdermin D(GSDMD) protein, the formation of membrane pores, the maturation and release of interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and IL-18, and the rupture of the cell membrane, and then leads to pyroptosis. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a common disease of the digestive system. The UC course is long, easy to relapse, and difficult to cure. The pathogenesis of UC is not completely clear. In recent years, it has been found that pyroptosis plays an important role in the development of UC. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has a long history of preventing and treating UC, with significant clinical effects. It is found that the mechanism of TCM in the prevention and treatment of UC is closely correlated with inflammasome, IL-1β and IL-18. The mechanism of TCM in preventing and treating UC is correlated with cell pyroptosis. Therefore, this paper reviews the relationship between cell pyroptosis and UC and the regulatory effect of TCM.

18.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 485-492, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify and quantify spatiotemporal and kinematic gait parameters in a group of early-stage Parkinson′s disease (PD) patients compared with healthy subjects.Methods:Eight patients with PD (PD group, Hoehn-Yahr stage≤2.5) and seven age-matched healthy subjects (control group) were enrolled from the Department of Neurology, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine between May 2017 and August 2018 for the study. The spatiotemporal and kinematic gait parameters were obtained by Vicon 3D optical motion analysis system under three conditions: single-task walking, dual-task walking and turning. The linear mixed model was used to compare the gait parameters between the two groups and analyze the interactive effects.Results:Arm swing amplitude in the PD group was lower than that in the control group ((0.63±0.15) m vs (0.89±0.27) m in single-task walking, (0.64±0.16) m vs (0.99±0.22) m in dual-task walking, β=-0.353, 95% CI -0.558--0.148, P=0.002). The PD group showed significantly higher arm swing asymmetry than the control group (12.48%±5.48% vs 6.96%±4.39% in single-task walking, 17.13%±4.05% vs 7.67%±5.23% in dual-task walking, β=8.992, 95% CI 4.148-13.836, P=0.001). A notable interactive effect of groups and task factors in arm swing asymmetry was found. The arm swing asymmetry of the PD group increased more than the control group in dual-task walking than in single-task walking (β=3.916, 95% CI 1.367-6.466, P=0.003). As for the gait characteristics of the lower limbs, stride length and step length of the PD group were lower than those of the control group ((1.10±0.17) m vs (1.31±0.10) m in stride length, β=-0.169, 95% CI -0.300--0.038, P=0.015; (0.55±0.09) m vs (0.65±0.04) m in step length, β=-0.081, 95% CI -0.150--0.013, P=0.023). For both groups, statistically significant differences were not observed in step width, stride length and step length between single-task and dual-task walking ( P>0.05). The PD group completed the turning process faster than the control group ((1.66±0.30) s vs (1.37±0.23) s, β=0.302, 95% CI 0.049-0.555, P=0.023). As for the rotation-onset pattern, no statistically significant differences were found between the PD and the control group for the onset of the head, trunk and pelvic rotation ( P>0.05). Participants started to rotate their heads before the pelvis in all groups (β=-0.060, 95% CI-0.107--0.014, P=0.011). Conclusions:The quantified gait parameters can more accurately reflect the gait characteristics of early PD. Patients with PD exhibited smaller arm swing magnitude, greater arm swing asymmetry, shorter stride length, and slower turning speed compared to the controls. Arm swing asymmetry further differs between subjects with early PD and controls under dual-task walking.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between maternal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalenty closed circular deoxyribonucleic acid (cccDNA) and other HBV serological markers and its effects on HBV intrauterine transmission.@*METHODS@#We enrolled 290 newborns and their hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive mothers. HBV cccDNA in PBMC and HBV DNA in serum were detected by a real-time PCR-TaqMan probe while HBV serological markers were detected with an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay.@*RESULTS@#There was a positive correlation between the levels of PBMC HBV cccDNA and serum HBV DNA and HBeAg (r = 0.436 and 0.403, P < 0.001). The detection rate of pattern A ['HBsAg (+), HBeAg (+), and anti-HBc (+)'] was significantly higher in the PBMC HBV cccDNA positive group than in the control group (χ2 = 48.48, P < 0.001). There was a significant association between HBV intrauterine transmission and PBMC HBV cccDNA (χ2 = 9.28, P = 0.002). In the presence of serum HBV DNA, HBeAg, and PBMC HBV cccDNA, the risk of HBV intrauterine transmission was three times higher (OR = 3.69, 95% CI: 1.30-10.42) than that observed in their absence. The risk of HBV intrauterine transmission was the greatest (OR = 5.89, 95% CI: 2.35-14.72) when both PBMC HBV cccDNA and pattern A were present. A Bayesian network model showed that maternal PBMC HBV cccDNA was directly related to HBV intrauterine transmission.@*CONCLUSION@#PBMC HBV cccDNA may be a direct risk factor for HBV intrauterine transmission. Our study suggests that serological markers could be combined with PBMC-related markers in prenatal testing.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , DNA, Viral , Blood , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Female , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Virology , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801927

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of Qingjin Huatan Tang (QJHTD) on the inflammatory response of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) rats by observing the autophagy regulating effect of QJHTD on COPD rats. Method: The 50 SPF grade male rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, with 10 rats in each group. In addition to the normal group, the remaining 40 male rats were randomly divided into 5 groups. After the establishment of the hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining identification model, the drugs were given to the 5 groups by gavage for 2 weeks, high and low-dose QJHTD groups were give the drug at 30, 10 g·kg-1. Roxithromycin positive control group was given the drug at 0.017 5 g·kg-1. The model control group and the normal group were given the same volume of normal saline. At 1 h after the last gavage, the rats were put to death to extract the airway, and the expressions of autophagy microtuble-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3),Beclin-1 were detected by Real-time quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Changes of inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8(IL-8) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Result: Real-time PCR analysis showed that compared with the normal group, Beclin-1 and LC3 mRNA expressions of autophagy factors in the model group were increased to varying degrees(PPPPPConclusion: QJHTD can alleviate the bronchial inflammation in COPD rats, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of autophagy in airway epithelium by QJHTD.

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