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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 47-61, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Huangqi Decoction (HQD), a classical traditional Chinese medicine formula, has been used as a valid treatment for alleviating liver fibrosis; however, the underlying molecular mechanism is still unknown. Although our previous studies showed that microRNA-663a (miR-663a) suppresses the proliferation and activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and the transforming growth factor-β/small mothers against decapentaplegic (TGF-β/Smad) pathway, whether long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in HSC activation via the miR-663a/TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway has not yet reported. The present study aimed to investigate the roles of lncRNA lnc-C18orf26-1 in the activation of HSCs and the mechanism by which HQD inhibits hepatic fibrosis.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of lnc-C18orf26-1, miR-663a and related genes were measured by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. HSCs were transfected with the miR-663a mimic or inhibitor and lnc-C18orf26-1 small interfering RNAs. The water-soluble tetrazolium salt-1 assay was used to assess the proliferation rate of HSCs. Changes in lncRNA expression were evaluated in miR-663a-overexpressing HSCs by using microarray to identify miR-663a-regulated lncRNAs. RNA hybrid was used to predict the potential miR-663a binding sites on lncRNAs. Luciferase reporter assays further confirmed the interaction between miR-663a and the lncRNA. The expression levels of collagen α-2(I) chain (COL1A2), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway-related proteins were determined using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Lnc-C18orf26-1 was upregulated in TGF-β1-activated HSCs and competitively bound to miR-663a. Knockdown of lnc-C18orf26-1 inhibited HSC proliferation and activation, downregulated TGF-β1-stimulated α-SMA and COL1A2 expression, and inhibited the TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway. HQD suppressed the proliferation and activation of HSCs. HQD increased miR-663a expression and decreased lnc-C18orf26-1 expression in HSCs. Further studies showed that HQD inhibited the expression of COL1A2, α-SMA, TGF-β1, TGF-β type I receptor (TGF-βRI) and phosphorylated Smad2 (p-Smad2) in HSCs, and these effects were reversed by miR-663a inhibitor treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study identified lnc-C18orf26-1 and miR-663a as promising therapeutic targets for hepatic fibrosis. HQD inhibits HSC proliferation and activation at least partially by regulating the lnc-C18orf26-1/miR-663a/TGF-β1/TGF-βRI/p-Smad2 axis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transforming Growth Factor beta/pharmacology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Hepatic Stellate Cells/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Transforming Growth Factors/pharmacology
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 891-898, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985609

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the spatial distribution characteristics and correlation between the prevalence of dental fluorosis and the chemical elemental composition of drinking water sources in coal-fired fluorosis areas. Methods: Based on the survey data on the prevalence of dental fluorosis at CDC in Guizhou Province in 2022, 274 original surface drinking water sources were collected in typical coal-fired fluorosis areas, and fluoride (F), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), aluminum (Al), titanium (Ti), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), selenium (Se), molybdenum (Mo), cadmium (Cd), barium (Ba), lead (Pb) 17 elements; apply Moran's I index, Getis-Ord Gi* hotspot analysis of the global spatial autocorrelation of chemical elements in drinking water and the degree of aggregation of each element on the local area, and correlation analysis with the prevalence of dental fluorosis in the region. Results: Except for Cu, Zn, and Cd, global spatial autocorrelation Moran's I was negative, and all other elements were positive. F, Ca, Al, Ti, As, Mo, Cd, and Cu elements showed high values of aggregation in the southeastern low-altitude area; Mg, Ba, Pb, Cr, Mn, and Fe elements were mainly aggregated in the central altitude terrain transition area, Zn and Se elements in water sources are significantly positively correlated with the prevalence of dental fluorosis (P<0.05). In contrast, F, Mg, Al, Ti, As, Mo, Cd, Ba, and Pb elements negatively correlate (P<0.05). Elements in the central region were high-high aggregation, as a hot spot aggregation area with high disease incidence, while F, Al, Mn, Mo, Cd, and Ba elements in the western region were low-low aggregation, as a cold spot aggregation area with a low incidence of fluorosis. Conclusions: The risk of population fluoride exposure in surface drinking water sources is shallow. However, the chemical element content of drinking water sources in coal-fired polluted endemic fluorosis areas has prominent spatial geographical distribution characteristics. There is a significant spatial aggregation effect with the prevalence of dental fluorosis, which may play a synergistic or antagonistic effect on the occurrence and prevalence of dental fluorosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drinking Water , Prevalence , Coal , Fluorides/adverse effects , Cadmium , Fluorosis, Dental/epidemiology , Lead , Selenium , Arsenic
3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 851-859, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of quality improvement based on action research study to reduce unplanned interruption during continuous renal replacement therapy.Methods:From June 2020 to December 2021, 175 patients who were treated CRRT in SICU of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were selected as research objects. The objects were divided into control group, observation group 1 and observation group 2 according to the time of admission. Routine nursing was used in the control group (55 cases), the first cycle of plan-action-observation-reflection according to the problems of unplanned interruption was used in the observation group 1(62 cases), the quality improvement was carried out on the basis of the first cycle, and then formulated the second cycle used in the observation group 2(58 cases). The incidence of unplanned interruption of CRRT, the duration of hemofiltration line and the ability of nurses to prevent unplanned interruption of CRRT were compared before and after implementation.Results:The baseline data of CRRT patients in the three groups were comparable ( P>0.05). After cycle quality improvement, the alarm frequencies of unplanned interruption in the observation group 1 and 2 was (8.87 ± 2.66) times and (8.07 ± 2.80) times respectively, which was significant lower than the (12.04 ± 4.23) times in the control group ( t = 3.17 and 3.97, both P<0.01). The cases of coagulation filter≥Ⅱ in the observation group 1 and 2 were 25 cases and 20 cases, which were significant lower than the 32 cases in the control group ( χ2 = 3.72, 6.38, both P<0.05). The duration of blood purification line use was (15.04 ± 7.51) h and (18.16 ± 7.67) h in the observation group 1 and 2, which were significant better than the (11.75 ± 6.84) h in the control group ( t = 3.29 and 6.41, both P<0.01). The ability of nurse to prevent unplanned interruption of CRRT in the control group, the observation group 1 and 2 were (72.62 ± 6.03), (84.77 ± 5.59) and (89.64 ± 4.54), the difference was sigaificant ( F = 146.97, P<0.001). Conclusions:The application of action research study in CRRT quality improvement could reduce the occurrence of unplanned interruption of CRRT and related complications, prolong the use time of hemofiltration line, improve the therapeutic effect of CRRT, improve the quality of nursing, and is worthy of clinical promotion.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 451-456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects robot navigation assisted and conventional proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) implantation and fixation in the treatment of elderly femoral trochanteric fractures.Methods:A total of 86 elderly patients with tuberosity fracture of the femur were admitted as research samples from January to March in 2022 in the Department of Trauma Orthopaedic, Xi′an Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University, including 37 males and 49 females, who aged from 63 to 92 years, with an average age of (79.6 ± 6.9) years. All patients were treated with intramedullary nails (PFNA), 32 with dimensity robotic-assisted therapy (robot group) and 54 with traditional methods (conventional group). The length of incision, the number of intraoperative fluoroscopy, the amount of intraoperative blood loss, and the operation time were recorded. The occurrence of postoperative complications in the two groups was observed. The rate of excellent hip Harris score at 3 month after surgery was compared between the two groups. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as mean ± standard deviation( ± s), and the comparison between groups was conducted using the t-test; the comparison of count data were represented as [ n(%)], and was conducted by Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability between groups. Results:All patients were followed up for 9 to 12 months, with an average of (10.6 ± 0.9) months. The incision length and tip apex distance (TAD) of the robot group were (3.40±0.82) cm and (21.85±1.44) mm, which were smaller than (4.82±0.75) cm and (26.83±1.75) mm in the conventional group ( P<0.05 for all). The number of intraoperative fluoroscopy and guide needle adjustment [(14.53±3.26) and 0 times] in the robot group were less than those in the conventional group [(20.67±4.84) and (2.83±1.42)] ( P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss and drainage rate of the robot group were (87.03±9.41) and (46.40±8.91) mL, which were smaller than that of the conventional group [(110.00±12.52) and (69.62±10.22) mL] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the number of days of hospitalization and operation time between the two groups ( P>0.05). The postoperative complication rate in the robot group was 9.4%, which was lower than that in conventional group (42.6%), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=11.88, P=0.036). The excellent rate of postoperative hip joint function in the robot group was 75.0%, and the conventional group was 66.7%, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.66, P=0.416). Conclusion:Robot-assisted navigation downward PFNA surgery can have good clinical effect in the treatment of femoral tuberosity fracture in the elderly, which can reduce the number of surgical incisions and intraoperative fluoroscopy, and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, which is helpful to achieve minimally invasive surgery and rapid recovery of elderly patients with femoral tuberosity fracture.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5-12, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970495

ABSTRACT

Multiple sclerosis(MS) shows the pathological characteristics of "inflammatory injury of white matter" and "myelin repair disability" in the central nervous system(CNS). It is very essential for MS treatment and reduction of disease burden to strengthen repair, improve function, and reduce disability. Accordingly, different from the simple immunosuppression, we believe that key to strengthening remyelination and maintaining the "damage-repair" homeostasis of tissue is to change the current one-way immunosuppression strategy and achieve the "moderate pro-inflammation-effective inflammation removal" homeostasis. Traditional Chinese medicine shows huge potential in this strategy. Through literature research, this study summarized the research on remyelination, discussed the "mode-rate pro-inflammation-effective inflammation removal" homeostasis and the "damage-repair" homeostasis based on microglia, and summed up the key links in remyelination in MS. This review is expected to lay a theoretical basis for improving the function of MS patients and guide the application of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Sclerosis/pathology , Remyelination/physiology , Myelin Sheath/pathology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Homeostasis
6.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 52-59, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928247

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was designed to determine the methylation profile of four CpGs and the genotypes of two CpG-SNPs located in promoter region of DIO2 in patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). We also analyzed the interaction between the CpGs methylations and CpG-SNPs. Methods Whole blood specimens were collected from 16 KBD patients and 16 healthy subjects. Four CpGs and two CpG-SNPs in the promoter regions of DIO2 were detected using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The CpGs methylation levels were compared between samples from KBD patients and healthy subjects. The methylation levels were also analyzed in KBD patients with different CpG-SNP genotypes. Results The mRNA expression of DIO2 in whole blood of KBD patients was significnatly lower than in healthy controls (P <0.05). The methylation levels of DIO2-1_CpG_3 in KBD patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P <0.05). The methylation levels of four CpGs were not significantly different between KBD patients and healthy controls. The methylation level of DIO2-1_CpG_3 in the promoter region of DIO2 in KBD patients with GA/AA genotype was significantly higher than that of KBD patients with GG genotype (P <0.05). Conclusion The methylation level of DIO2 increases in KBD patients. Similar trends exist in KBD carriers of variant genotypes of CpG-SNPs DIO2 rs955849187.


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Iodide Peroxidase/genetics , Kashin-Beck Disease/genetics , Methylation , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Promoter Regions, Genetic
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2430-2439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928122

ABSTRACT

A total of 15 batches of the substance reference of Guizhi Jia Gegen Decoction(GZGGD) were prepared and the characteristic fingerprints of them were established. Furthermore, the similarity of the fingerprints and peak attributes were explored. The extraction rate, and the content and the transfer rate ranges of the index components, puerarin, paeoniflorin, liquiritin, and ammonium glycyrrhizate were determined for the analysis of the quality value transfer. The result demonstrated that the fingerprints of the 15 batches of the samples showed high similarity(>0.99). A total of 15 characteristic peaks were identified from the fingerprints, with 10 for Puerariae Lobatae Radix, 1 for Cinnamomi Ramulus, 2 for Paeoniae Radix Alba, and 2 for Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The content of puerarin was 11.05-18.35 mg·g~(-1) and the average transfer rate was 21.27%-39.49%. The corresponding figures were 7.95-10.90 mg·g~(-1) and 23.28%-43.23% for paeoniflorin, 3.25-4.95 mg·g~(-1) and 32.31%-61.27% for ammonium glycyrrhizate, and 3.65-5.80 mg·g~(-1) and 14.57%-27.05% for liquiritin. The extraction rate of the 15 batches of samples was in the range of 16.85%-21.78%. In this paper, the quality value transfer of the substance reference of GZGGD was analyzed based on characteristic fingerprint, content of index components, and the extraction rate. This study is expected to lay a basis for the quality control and further development of GZGGD.


Subject(s)
Ammonium Compounds , Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Paeonia
8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 793-800, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between the relevant chemical elements in the original surface drinking water sources and the prevalence of dental fluorosis in Bijie City, Guizhou Province, and to provide a scientific basis for further studying the distribution of dental fluorosis patients, clarifying the mechanism of endemic fluorosis, and scientifically adjusting relevant prevention and treatment policies.Methods:From August 2021 to March 2022, based on the local census data of endemic fluorosis in Guizhou Province, 385 samples of original surface drinking water sources were collected in 214 townships (towns) of Bijie City. The pH value, and contents of fluorine (F), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), aluminum (Al), titanium (Ti), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni), arsenic (As), molybdenum (Mo), cadmium (Cd), barium (Ba), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe), and selenium (Se) in the drinking water were determined. Taking the dental fluorosis index representing the prevalence of dental fluorosis as the dependent variable, a principal component multiple regression model was constructed based on the above chemical elements of drinking water to study the related factors affecting the prevalence of dental fluorosis, and its contribution rate was calculated.Results:The median of dental fluorosis index in 214 townships (towns) of Bijie City was 1.460. The average of pH values and contents of F, Ca, Mg, Al, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Mo, Cd, Ba and Pb of 385 drinking water samples were 6.369, and 0.209, 179.706, 16.198, 0.163, 0.987, 0.015, 0.073, 0.176, 0.027, 0.014, 0.191, 0.007, 0.005, 0.003, 0.001, 0.155, 0.005 mg/L, respectively. Six principal components ( F1 - F6) were extracted by principal component regression analysis, and the cumulative contribution rate was 72.05%. After multiple linear regression analysis, the chemical elements in drinking water were positively correlated with the prevalence of dental fluorosis in the order of Se, Fe, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cd and Cu, and negatively correlated with the prevalence of dental fluorosis in the order of Ba, F, Ti, Mo, Zn, Al, Pb, Ca, As and Mg. Conclusions:The chemical properties in drinking water of endemic fluorosis areas in Bijie City have obvious synergistic or antagonistic effects on the occurrence and prevalence of dental fluorosis in this area. The F in the drinking water may not play a decisive role in the occurrence and prevalence of local dental fluorosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1008-1012, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956621

ABSTRACT

As varus posteromedial rotatory instability (VPMRI) is not common, its injury mechanisms are complex and presents no obvious dislocation on X-ray, it may be considered as a simple coronoid fracture, likely leading to a missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. Moreover, the treatment of VPMRI is also controversial. Conservative treatment or improper treatment can cause serious complications. Therefore, this review expounds on the injury mechanisms, anatomical structure, O'Driscoll classification, imaging examination, treatment and postoperative rehabilitation of this complicated elbow injury which is rare and difficult to treat clinically.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 874-878, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of a medial support plate and a row of screws in the treatment of Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture involving the postero-lateral condyle.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the data of 26 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University for Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture involving the postero-lateral condyle from December 2015 to December 2020. There were 17 males and 9 females, aged from 19 to 51 years (average, 36.1 years). All their fracture lines involved the postero-lateral condyle and all fractures were fixated with a medial support plate and a row of screws via one medial and one lateral incisions. Recorded were the operation time, hospital stay, blood loss, incision length, fracture healing, complications, quality of knee joint reduction and knee joint function at the last follow-up.Results:The length of hospital stay ranged from 8 to 16 days, averaging 10.4 days. The 26 patients were followed up for 8 to 18 months, with an average of 14.3 months. All the fractures got united after 11 to 17 weeks (average, 13.7 weeks). During the follow-up, no reduction loss, internal fixation failure or surgical complications were observed. Rasmussen radiographic scores at the last follow-up ranged from 11 to 18 points, averaging 16.1 points. The range of motion of the knee joint ranged from 0° to 140°, averaging 120.8°. The Rasmussen scores of the knee function ranged from 14 to 28 points, averaging 24.4 points.Conclusion:In the treatment of Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture involving the postero-lateral condyle, the use of a medial support plate and a row of screws can achieve satisfactory clinical results.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 62-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931034

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of vitrectomy combined with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling on the prevention of post-vitrectomy epiretinal membrane (ERM) in macular-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and its influence on visual outcomes.Methods:A cohort study was conducted.Seventy-four patients (74 eyes) with macular-off RRD, who realized retinal reattachment after vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade from January 2015 to January 2018 in Baoding NO.1 Central Hospital, were enrolled.The patients were divided into the non-ILM peeling group (36 cases, 36 eyes) and ILM peeling group (38 cases, 38 eyes) according to whether they received ILM peeling or not.The patients underwent silicone oil removal within 3 to 5 months after the surgery.Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp microscopy, indirect ophthalmoscopy, fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were examined before and at 1, 6 and 12 months after the surgery.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Baoding NO.1 Central Hospital (No.[2019]042). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient.Results:There was no ERM found in the two groups at 1 month after the operation.There were 3 eyes (8.33%) with ERM in the non-ILM peeling group and 2 eyes (5.26%) in the ILM peeling group at 6 months after the operation, with no statistically significant difference between them ( P=0.067). There were 9 eyes (25.00%) with ERM in the non-ILM peeling group and 4 eyes (10.53%) in the ILM peeling group at 12 months postoperatively, with no statistically significant difference between them ( χ2=2.674, P=0.102). There was a significant difference in BCVA between before and after the operation in the two groups ( Ftime=31.692, P<0.001). Postoperative 1-, 6-and 12-month BCVA were all significantly better than the preoperative BCVA in the two groups (all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in BCVA between the two groups ( Fgroup=0.117, P=0.773). OCT images showed that there were 25 eyes (77.78%) and 30 eyes (78.95%) with the intact ellipsoid zone in the non-ILM peeling group and ILM peeling group at 12 months after the operation, respectively, with no statistically significant difference between them ( χ2=0.875, P=0.350). Conclusions:Compared with vitrectomy alone, the vitrectomy combined with ILM peeling does not show better efficacy in the prevention of ERM occurrence in macula-off RRD patients and has no obvious influence on postoperative visual acuity.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1186-1190, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930763

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the combined rehabilitation nursing process of a case of voice and deglutition disorders following surgical removal of intra-and extracranial schwannoma in the jugular foramen area.Methods:A case of hoarseness and dysphagia after surgery for intracranial and extracranial schwannomas in the left jugular foramen region in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University in October 2020 was collected. Early step-wise voice training assisted by respiratory muscles and tongue muscle exercises was carried out, electronic laryngoscope-based breathing and swallowing methods, assessment of food and bite-size, maintenance of food consistency with the assistance of chewing times, and swallowing and ingestion guidance for the update of dietary methods were performed. The continuous rehabilitation training was provided throughout the process.Results:The grade of GRBAS scale decreased from G3 to G2 after training from home for 3 months following discharge; the voice handicap index of Chinese version reduced from 75 points to 52 points, and the average pronunciation time extended from 2.45 s to 5.32 s. The frequency of choking with food optimized from 0.4 to 0.5 times/min to no choking.Conclusions:Early rehabilitation training of voice and, swallowing and ingestion is a boon for the recovery of hoarseness and dysphagia after resection of schwannomas in the jugular foramen region.

13.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 61-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930100

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to determinate ten phenols (polydatin, resveratrol, rhein, emodin, chrysophanol, physcion, oxyresveratrol, 2,3,5,4'-tetera-hydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin) in Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma simultaneously based on the high-resolution multiple reaction monitoring (MRMHR) mode of ultra- performance liquid chromatography- quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Methods:The assay was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 (2.1 mm× 100 mm, 1.7 μm) column using acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid as the mobile phase. The flow rate was 0.2 ml/min. The MRMHR mode was adopted for quantification.Results:The analyzed compounds showed good linearity relationships ( r2>0.999). The intra- and inter-batch relative standard deviations were all <5% and the recovery rate was between 96.28%-103.23%. The content of polydatin was the highest, followed by resveratrol and emodin. However, the contents of chrysophanol and oxyresveratrol were relatively low and some batches were unqualified. The contents of analyzed compounds varied significantly among the ten batches. Conclusion:The proposed UPLC-Q/TOF-MS method was successfully established to determinate ten phenols in Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma simultaneously, which could provide technical support for the quality evaluation of Polygonum cuspidatum.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1593-1603, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929433

ABSTRACT

The iron and inflammation homeostasis are closely coupled, forming an integrated functional unit under physiological conditions. "Iron transport balance" has become the key mechanism to maintain iron homeostasis through bidirectional regulation of iron uptake and release and dynamic management of transmembrane concentration. It is also the physiological basis for the inflammatory balance between promotion and resolution. Under pathological conditions, represented by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), disturbed iron transportation was highly involved in almost every step of inflammatory diseases. Therefore, the iron transporting rebalancing provides the mechanistic basis and effective approach for the normalization of inflammatory microenvironment. Macrophage is the key regulator of inflammation homeostasis and determinant for iron transport balance. Unfortunately, the current clinical transformation based on iron transport balance theory has still been insufficient. Sometimes, this strategy even showed high complexity and contradiction, severely restricting its clinical application. By summarizing the theoretical research progress of iron transport balance, especially its relevance to macrophage phenotypic polarization, this review aims to explore the therapeutic value in inflammation intervention by targeting iron transporting balance. This review will provide the necessary knowledge and hints for the research and development of candidate drugs in treating inflammatory diseases.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1564-1568, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940024

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of 577nm subthreshold micropulse laser(SML)in patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy(CSC).METHODS: Prospective single-arm case study. There were 24 patients(32 eyes)with chronic CSC treated by using 577nm SML. A total of 6mo was followed up after treatment, the best corrected visual acuity(BCVA, LogMAR)and optic coherence tomography(OCT)were performed at each month. Fluorescein fundus angiography(FFA)was performed at 1,3 and 6mo after treatment.RESULTS: The BCVA was 0.46±0.34 and central retinal thickness(CRT)was 259.15±57.54μm of 32 eyes at baseline period. After treatment of SML at 1mo, there was no subretinal fluid in 21 eyes(66%), and subretinal fluid was observed in 11 eyes(34%). The BCVA was 0.43±0.27, the CRT was 232.13±42.58μm. CRT was significantly reduced compared to the baseline period(P&#x003C;0.05). After treatment of SML at 3mo, subretinal fluid and fluorescein leakage from retinal pigment epithelium(RPE)were observed in 5 eyes(16%). The BCVA was 0.39±0.26 and CRT was 231.26±49.25μm. The CRT was still significantly lower than baseline period(P&#x003C;0.05). The 5 eyes with subretinal fluid and leaked fluorescein were treated by using SML again. After treatment at 6mo, subretinal fluid was observed in only 3 eyes(9%). The BCVA was 0.19±0.47 and CRT was 217.25±35.54μm. Both of the BCVA and CRT showed a significant improvement from the baseline period(P&#x003C;0.05). CONCLUSION:SML seems effective and safe for treatment of chronic CSC. It may be an alternative way for treatment of chronic CSC.

16.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 38-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935971

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of continuous goal-directed analgesia on fluid resuscitation during shock stage in patients with massive burns, providing a basis for rational optimization of analgesia protocols in patients with burn shock. Methods: A retrospective case series study was conducted. One hundred and thirty-six patients with massive burns who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Zhengzhou First People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2020, and the patients were divided into continuous analgesia (CA) group (68 cases,with average age of 44 years old) and intermittent analgesia (IA) group (68 cases,with average age of 45 years old) according to whether sufentanil injection was continuously used for intravenous analgesia during the shock stage. The patients in the 2 groups were predominantly male. Before and at 72 h of treatment, the severity of disease and trauma pain of patients in the 2 groups were scored by the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) and the visual analogue scale (VAS). Hematocrit, heart rate, mean arterial pressure (MAP), central venous pressure (CVP), oxygen saturation in central venous blood (ScvO2), rehydration coefficient, blood lactate value, hourly urine output, and the adverse reactions such as hypotension, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, skeletal muscle tonicity, respiratory depression, bradycardia, pruritus, and drug addiction of patients in the 2 groups during the treatment were recorded at the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd 24 h post-injury. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, paired or independent sample t test, Bonferroni correction,chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Before treatment, APACHE Ⅱ and VAS scores of patients in the 2 groups were close (with t values of -0.67 and 0.32, respectively, P>0.05); At 72 h of treatment, APACHE Ⅱ and VAS scores of patients in CA group were 8.5±2.2 and 2.5±1.6, both of which were significantly lower than (15.2±3.0) and (7.9±2.0) of patients in IA group, respectively (with t values of -14.94 and -17.46, respectively, P<0.01). Compared with the pre-treatment period, the APACHE Ⅱ and VAS scores of patients in IA group decreased significantly at 72 h of treatment (with t values of 11.35 and 30.59, respectively, P<0.01); the changes in APACHE Ⅱ and VAS scores of patients at 72 h of treatment in comparison with those of patients before treatment in CA group were all similar to those of patients in IA group (with t values of 4.00 and 4.82, respectively, P<0.01). Compared with those of patients in IA group, there were no significant changes in CVP, hematocrit, heart rate, ScvO2, and MAP of patients in CA group at all three 24 h post-injury (with t values of <0.01, 0.12, 2.10, 1.55, 0.03; 0.13, 0.22, <0.01, 0.17, 0.49; 0.63, 0.06, 0.04, 2.79, and 2.33, respectively, P>0.05). Compared with those of patients in IA group at the 1st 24 h post-injury, CVP, ScvO2 and MAP of patients were significantly higher at the 2nd and 3rd 24 h post-injury (with t values of -10.10, -9.31, -8.89; -10.81, -4.65, and -9.43, respectively, P<0.01), and the heart rate of patients was significantly lower at the 2nd and 3rd 24 h post-injury (with t values of 7.53 and 7.78, respectively, P<0.01), and the hematocrit of patients decreased significantly only at the 3rd 24 h post-injury (t=15.55, P<0.01); the changes of CVP, ScvO2, MAP and heart rate of patients at the 2nd and the 3rd 24 h post-injury, and HCT of patients at the 3rd 24 h post-injury, in comparison with those of patients at the 1st 24 h post-injury in CA group were similar to those of patients in IA group (with t values of -12.25, -10.24, -8.99, 9.42, -8.83, -7.53, -11.57, 10.44, and 12.91, respectively, P<0.01). Compared with those of patients in IA group, the rehydration coefficient of patients in CA group was significantly higher only at the 3rd 24 h post-injury (t=5.60, P<0.05), blood lactate value of patients in CA group was significantly lower at the 1st and 2nd 24 h post-injury (with t values of 4.32 and 14.52, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), the hourly urine output of patients in CA group increased significantly at the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd 24 h post-injury (with t values of 24.65, 13.12, and 5.63, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the those of patients at the 1st 24 h post-injury, the rehydration coefficient of patients in IA group decreased significantly at the 2nd and the 3rd 24 h post-injury (with t values of 33.98 and 36.91, respectively, P<0.01), the blood lactate values of patients in IA group decreased significantly at the 2nd and the 3rd 24 h post-injury (with t values of 8.20 and 11.68, respectively, P<0.01), and the hourly urine output of patients in IA group was significantly increased at the 2nd and the 3rd 24 h post-injury (with t values of -3.52 and -5.92, respectively, P<0.01); the changes of rehydration coefficients and blood lactate values of patients at the 2nd and the 3rd 24 h post-injury in comparison with those of patients at the 1st 24 h post-injury in CA group were similar to those of patients in IA group (with t values of 35.64, 33.64, 9.86, and 12.56, respectively, P<0.01), but hourly urine output of patients in CA group increased significantly only at the 3rd 24 h compared with that of patients at the 1st 24 h post-injury (t=-3.07, P<0.01). Adverse reactions such as hypotension, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, bradycardia, and pruritus occurred rarely in patients of the 2 groups, and none of the patients had skeletal muscle tonicity, respiratory depression, or drug addiction. The incidence of adverse reactions of patients in CA group was similar to that in IA group (χ2=0.08, P>0.05). Conclusions: Continuous goal-directed analgesia can effectively relieve pain and improve vital signs of patients with large burns. Meanwhile it has little impact on volume load, which can assist in correcting ischemia and hypoxia during the shock period and help patients get through the shock period smoothly.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Analgesia , Burns/therapy , Fluid Therapy , Goals , Pain , Resuscitation , Retrospective Studies , Shock/therapy
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2601-2611, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941493

ABSTRACT

The bone marrow microenvironment, also known as the bone marrow niche, plays a critical role in maintaining the functions of hematopoietic stem cells. Under physiological conditions, various bone marrow cells regulate each other to sustain hematopoietic homeostasis. However, bone marrow cells gain abnormal function under pathological conditions to cause and promote the occurrence of leukemia and induce drug resistance. Recent findings indicate that abnormal proliferation and differentiation are not the sole reason to cause leukemia. Different types of bone marrow cells also induce intercellular adhesion, abnormally secrete cytokines and chemokines, accelerating leukemia's progress. This article reviews the multiple signaling pathways that regulate the formation and progress of leukemia bone marrow niche, such as C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12/C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 signaling pathway, et al. It emphasizes that targeting leukemia bone marrow niche is a vital strategy for improving the leukemia treatment.

18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1161-1168, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969722

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and use of lipid-lowering treatment among young and middle-aged ultra-high-risk patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in China. Methods: The study was based on the"Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China (CCC)-ACS"project, a collaborative registry by and Chinese Society of Cardiology (CSC) and the American Heart Association. Hospitalized-patients with ACS were consecutively enrolled from 159 tertiary and 82 secondary hospitals across China, related clinical information was collected. This study included young and middle-aged hospitalized patients (18-59 years) with ACS from November 2014 to December 2019 registered in CCC-ACS project. Ultra-high-risk was defined according to Chinese expert consensus on lipid management of ultra-high-risk atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) patients of CSC. The mean LDL-C levels at admission, pre-hospital lipid-lowering therapy and proportion of patients with LDL-C target achieved were analyzed. Results: A total of 42 230 patients younger than 60 years with ACS were included in this study. The mean age was (50.4±6.9) years, and 86.8% (36 676/42 230) of the ACS patients were male. Among them, 86.9% (36 687/42 230) met the criteria of ultra-high-risk. The mean level of LDL-C at admission was (2.8±1.0)mmol/L, only 5.3 % (1 948/36 687) patients achieved the targeted goal of LDL-C<1.4 mmol/L. Among the ultra-high-risk ASCVD patients, 17.5% (6 430/36 687) received lipid-lowering drugs before hospitalization, 96.4% (6 198/6 430) of whom received statins monotherapy. Among patients receiving pre-hospital statins, only 9.9% (626/6 323) patients reached an LDL-C<1.4 mmol/L at admission. Conclusions: The majority of young and middle-aged hospitalized patients with ACS are ultra-high-risk patients for ASCVD in China. Pre-hospital lipid-lowering drugs use is lower in these ultra-high-risk ASCVD patients and most patients do not reach the new LDL-C target level at admission.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Humans , Male , Adult , Female , United States , Cholesterol, LDL , Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , China , Atherosclerosis/drug therapy , Hypolipidemic Agents/therapeutic use
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 231-236, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927365

ABSTRACT

The current clinical evidence and underlying mechanisms of acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) were summarized, so as to better optimize clinical treatment. The relevant articles of acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of IBS in recent years were retrieved and summarized. We found that the clinical efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of IBS was relatively reliable. However, the mutual relationships among various mechanisms of action such as abnormal gastrointestinal motility, high visceral sensitivity, intestinal microenvironment disorders, and abnormal intestinal-brain interactions need to be further explored. The authors believe that in-depth explorations of the bidirectional regulation of "gut-brain axis", the law of changes in the abundance and diversity of intestinal flora, and the establishment of a more ideal animal model of TCM syndrome differentiation are useful ideas for subsequent research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Moxibustion
20.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 283-287, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926727

ABSTRACT

Rhabdomyomas are rare benign tumors. Most extracardiac rhabdomyomas are found in the head and neck region, especially in the pharynx and larynx. Herein, we have described the case of a 1-year-old boy presenting with recurrent otorrhea and postauricular swelling. His symptoms were due to a mass that was histologically diagnosed as fetal rhabdomyoma (FR). Here, we report the first case of FR in the postauricular area. Clinicians should keep in mind the possibility of FR if a child presents with external auditory canal mass associated with recurrent otorrhea and signs of mastoiditis.

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