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1.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 320-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981545

ABSTRACT

In clinical practice, radiopharmaceutical dynamic imaging technology requires the bolus injection method to complete injection. Due to the failure rate and radiation damage of manual injection, even experienced technicians still bear a lot of psychological burden. This study combined the advantages and disadvantages of various manual injection modes to develop the radiopharmaceutical bolus injector, and explored the application of automatic injection in the field of bolus injection from four aspects: radiation protection, occlusion response, sterility of injection process and effect of bolus injection. Compared with the current mainstream manual injection method, the bolus manufactured by the radiopharmaceutical bolus injector based on the automatic hemostasis method had a narrower full width at half maximum and better repeatability. At the same time, radiopharmaceutical bolus injector had reduced the radiation dose of the technician's palm by 98.8%, and ensured more efficient vein occlusion recognition performance and sterility of the entire injection process. The radiopharmaceutical bolus injector based on automatic hemostasis has application potential in improving the effect and repeatability of bolus injection.


Subject(s)
Radiopharmaceuticals , Injections , Hand
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 150-156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) image quality and related factors on the diagnostic performance of CT-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR).Methods:Based on the CT-FFR CHINA trial, the prospective multicenter trial enrolled patients with suspected coronary artery disease who underwent CCTA, CT-FFR and FFR measurement. The subjective and objective assessments of CCTA image were performed on a per-vessel level. The objective assessments included the enhancement degree of coronary artery, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the aortic root. We used χ 2 test and DeLong test to compare the diagnostic performance of CT-FFR with FFR as the reference standard in different subjective groups (non-artifact vs. artifact), enhancement degree of coronary artery groups (≤400 vs. 401-500 vs.>500 HU), SNR of the aortic root groups (≤16.9 vs.>16.9), body mass index (BMI) groups (<25 kg/m 2 vs.≥25 kg/m 2) and heart rate groups (<75 bpm vs.≥75 bpm). FFR and CT-FFR values≤0.80 was identified as myocardial ischemia. Results:The study enrolled 317 patients with 366 vessels. All target vessels in CCTA images were successfully analyzed by CT-FFR. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and AUC of the non-artifact group were 90.45%, 86.75%, 93.10%, 90.00%, 90.76% and 0.928, respectively, and those of the artifact group were 83.23%, 87.21%, 79.01%, 81.52%, 85.33% and 0.869, respectively. The differences in accuracy and specificity were statistically significant (χ 2=4.23, P=0.040; χ 2=8.55, P=0.003). The diagnostic efficacy of CT-FFR had no statistically significant differences among different objective groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The artifact of CCTA image has an effect on CT-FFR in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. The degree of vascular enhancement, SNR, BMI, and heart rate have no significant effect on the diagnostic performance of CT-FFR.

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 503-513, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991161

ABSTRACT

Proteomic characterization of plasma is critical for the development of novel pharmacodynamic bio-markers.However,the vast dynamic range renders the profiling of proteomes extremely challenging.Here,we synthesized zeolite NaY and developed a simple and rapid method to achieve comprehensive and deep profiling of the plasma proteome using the plasma protein corona formed on zeolite NaY.Specifically,zeolite NaY and plasma were co-incubated to form plasma protein corona on zeolite NaY(NaY-PPC),followed by conventional protein identification using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.NaY was able to significantly enhance the detection of low-abundance plasma proteins,minimizing the"masking"effect caused by high-abundance proteins.The relative abundance of middle-and low-abundance proteins increased substantially from 2.54%to 54.41%,and the top 20 high-abundance proteins decreased from 83.63%to 25.77%.Notably,our method can quantify approxi-mately 4000 plasma proteins with sensitivity up to pg/mL,compared to only about 600 proteins iden-tified from untreated plasma samples.A pilot study based on plasma samples from 30 lung adenocarcinoma patients and 15 healthy subjects demonstrated that our method could successfully distinguish between healthy and disease states.In summary,this work provides an advantageous tool for the exploration of plasma proteomics and its translational applications.

4.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 99-109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991128

ABSTRACT

Traditional microtubule inhibitors fail to significantly enhance the effect of colorectal cancer;hence,new and efficient strategies are necessary.In this study,a supramolecular nanoreactor(DOC@TA-Fe3+)based on tannic acid(TA),iron ion(Fe3+),and docetaxel(DOC)with microtubule inhibition,reactive oxygen species(ROS)generation,and glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4)inhibition,is prepared for ferroptosis/apoptosis treatment.After internalization by CT26 cells,the DOC@TA-Fe3+nanoreactor escapes from the lysosomes to release payloads.The subsequent Fe3+/Fe2+conversion mediated by TA reducibility can trigger the Fenton reaction to enhance the ROS concentration.Additionally,Fe3+can consume gluta-thione to repress the activity of GPX4 to induce ferroptosis.Meanwhile,the released DOC controls microtubule dynamics to activate the apoptosis pathway.The superior in vivo antitumor efficacy of DOC@TA-Fe3+nanoreactor in terms of tumor growth inhibition and improved survival is verified in CT26 tumor-bearing mouse model.Therefore,the nanoreactor can act as an effective apoptosis and ferroptosis inducer for application in colorectal cancer therapy.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 104-109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988929

ABSTRACT

Early diagnosis of pulmonary diseases is of great significance for their prevention and treatment. Serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) assay can reflect the damage degree of alveolar epithelium and stromal tissue, and is simple, non-invasive and low-cost. Pervious study showed that the serum KL-6 level was higher in patients with various interstitial lung diseases (e.g. idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and connective tissue disease, primary Sjögren's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, idiopathic inflammatory myopathy and systemic sclerosis combined with interstitial lung disease), non-small cell lung cancer, various pneumonias and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease compared to healthy controls. Therefore, serum KL-6 has good sensitivity and specificity for the early diagnosis of these diseases. Occupational pneumoconiosis is an interstitial lung disease with a well-established etiology. Pervious study has shown that serum KL-6 level was higher in patients with occupational silicosis, occupational asbestosis, and dust-exposed workers compared to healthy controls. However, due to the limited sample size and the inconsistent findings on different studies, further research is needed to study the role of serum KL-6 in the early diagnosis of pneumoconiosis. Future studies should increase the sample size, improve the detection methods for serum KL-6, explore its feasibility as an early diagnostic biomarker for occupational pulmonary diseases, and investigate the efficacy andvalue of its combined application with other biomarkers in the early diagnosis of various pulmonary diseases, including occupational lung diseases, to fully exploit its predictive role in pulmonary diseases.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 38-45, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988917

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role of surfactant associated protein-A (SP-A) in the development and progression of silicosis, and its mechanism. Methods: Homozygous and heterozygous mice of SP-A knockout of specific pathogen free (SPF) grade were selected for mating, and mice with SP-A-/- genotype were selected for subsequent experiments. SP-A wild-type (SP-A+/+) and SP-A-/- mice were divided into SP-A+/+ control group, SP-A-/- control group, SP-A+/+ silicosis group and SP-A-/- silicosis group with six mice in each group by random number table method. Mice in both silicosis groups were given 20.0 μL 250 g/L silica suspension by tracheal exposure, and mice in both control groups were injected with 0.9% sodium chloride solution at the same volume. On the 28th day after modeling, mice were sacrificed. Lung tissues were used for lung histopathology examination. The apoptosis of alveolar type Ⅱ epithelial cells of mice was detected by TUNEL method. The mRNA expression of B-lymphoblastoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (Caspase)-3 and Caspase-9 in lung tissues of mice was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: The histopathological result of mice showed that thickened alveolar septum, scattered silicon nodule and collagen fiber formation were observed in the mice lungs of SP-A+/+ silicosis group, and a large number of inflammatory cells were observed in silicosis nodule, after exposure to silica dust. SP-A-/- silicosis group resulted in a more severe pulmonary inflammation and interstitial fibrosis compared to SP-A+/+ silicosis group. The apoptosis of alveolar type Ⅱ epithelial cells and the mRNA relative expression levels of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in lung tissues of mice in each silicosis groups were increased compared with their control groups (all P<0.05). The above four indexes of mice in SP-A-/- silicosis group were higher than those in SP-A+/+ silicosis group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA in lung tissues of these four groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: Knockout of SP-A can aggravate inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis model mice, and promote apoptosis of alveolar type Ⅱ epithelial cells. The mechanism may be related to the Bcl-2/Bax/Caspase-3 signaling pathway which affects the apoptosis of mitochondrial pathway.

7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 361-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981279

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate extrathyroidal extension (ETE) in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) with three-dimensional tomographic ultrasound imaging (3D-TUI). Methods A total of 97 thyroid nodules of 79 patients with PTMC treated in PUMC Hospital from February 2016 to January 2018 were included in this study.Two ultrasound experts performed independent blinded assessment of the relationship between thyroid nodules and thyroid capsule by two-dimensional ultrasound (2D-US) and 3D-TUI.The results of 2D-US and 3D-TUI in evaluating ETE were compared with intraoperative findings and postoperative histological and pathological results. Results Among the 97 nodules,54 (55.7%) nodules had ETE.The diagnostic sensitivity (68.5% vs.37.0%;χ2=10.737,P=0.002),accuracy (74.5% vs.56.7%;χ2=6.686,P=0.015),and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve[0.761 (95%CI=0.677-0.845) vs.0.592 (95%CI=0.504-0.680);Z=3.500,P<0.001] of 3D-TUI were higher than those of 2D-US.However,3D-TUI and 2D-US showed no significant difference in the specificity (84.1% vs.81.4%;χ2=0.081,P=0.776),negative predictive value (67.9% vs.50.7%;χ2=3.645,P=0.066),or positive predictive value (84.1% vs.71.4%;χ2=1.663,P=0.240). Conclusion Compared with 2D-US,3D-TUI demonstrates increased diagnostic efficiency for ETE of PTMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Nodule , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Ultrasonography/methods , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 634-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980772

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of Bushen Anshen acupuncture (acupuncture for tonifying kidney and calming spirit ) in treating perimenopausal insomnia (PMI) of kidney-yin deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with PMI of kidney-yin deficiency were randomized into an observation group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off). Acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20) and bilateral Shenshu (BL 23), Taixi (KI 3), Anmian (Extra) in the observation group, while sham acupuncture of shallow needling at non-acupoints was applied in the control group. The treatment was required once every other day, 3 times a week for 10 times in the two groups. Before and after treatment, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to evaluate the subjective sleep quality, and polysomnography (PSG) was used to monitor the objective sleep quality in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, hypnotic, daytime dysfunction and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01), the scores of sleep duration, sleep efficiency and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the control group (P<0.05); the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep efficiency, hypnotic and total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index was reduced (P<0.01) when PSG indexes were monitored, and the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 1 (N1%) was decreased while the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 3 (N3%) was increased (P<0.05) compared with those before treatment in the observation group; there was no statistical difference in the PSG indexes compared with those before treatment in the control group (P>0.05). After treatment, compared with the control group, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index and N1% were decreased in the observation group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Bushen Anshen acupuncture can effectively improve the subjective and objective sleep quality in PMI patients of kidney-yin deficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Perimenopause , Yin Deficiency , Acupuncture Therapy , Kidney , Hypnotics and Sedatives
9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 320-324, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960959

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the changes in anterior chamber depth(ACD), axial length(AL), and corneal curvature(K)after operation in patients with high axial myopia combined with cataract, and the effect on postoperative mean refractive error(MFE)by different surgical approaches.METHODS: A total of 126 patients(126 eyes)performed cataract combined with intraocular lens(IOL)implantation were selected and divided into 3 groups according to different surgical approaches and axial length. Group A included 42 patients(42 eyes)who had cataract combined with high myopia and were performed cataract phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation; Group B included 42 patients(42 eyes)who had cataract combined with high myopia and underwent small incision cataract extracapsular extraction combined with IOL implantation; Group C included 42 patients(42 eyes)who had cataract with normal axial length and underwent cataract phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation. Then, the ACD, AL, K value and visual acuity of the three groups at 1d before operation and 3mo after operation were measured, and statistical analysis was performed.RESULTS: The differences in the mean values of preoperative and postoperative changes in ACD(△ACD)and AL(△AL)between groups A and B showed no statistical significance. The differences in the mean values of △ACD and △AL between groups A and C and groups B and C were both statistically significant(both P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01). △ACD and △AL in all three groups showed positive correlation(rA=0.855, rB=0.856, rC=0.639, all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). Furthermore, preoperative AL, △AL, △ACD and MFE in all three groups showed positive correlation(rA=0.874, 0.877, 0.858, rB=0.875, 0.879, 0.858, rC=0.428, 0.766, 0.862, all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The standardized regression coefficients of groups A and B were △AL&#x0026;#x003E;△ACD(1.32 and 1.31 times), and the standardized regression coefficients of group C were △ACD&#x0026;#x003E;△AL(1.66 times).CONCLUSION: Different surgical procedures had no significant effect on the postoperative K value and MFE in patients with high axial myopia combined with cataract, of which main influencing factor is the change in the AL before and after surgery. The postoperative MFE in patients with normal AL was more due to the change of ACD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 72-77, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970716

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary fibrosis is the end-stage pathological change of lung diseases, which seriously affects the respiratory function of human body. A large number of studies at home and abroad have confirmed that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important intermediate stage in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. Inhibition of multiple pathways upstream and downstream of EMT, such as the classical Smads pathway and non-Smads pathway of TGF-1 can effectively inhibit the process of EMT and alleviate pulmonary fibrosis. This article will review the main conclusions of the mechanism of action of EMT as a target to improve the pathology of pulmonary fibrosis so far, and provide a theoretical basis and research direction for further research and development of anti-pulmonary fibrosis drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/drug effects , Fibrosis/drug therapy , Pulmonary Fibrosis/pathology , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Antifibrotic Agents/therapeutic use
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 245-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture for delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD).@*METHODS@#A total of 84 patients with DSWPD were randomized into an observation group (42 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (42 cases, 3 cases dropped off). On the basis of sleep hygiene education, acupuncture was applied at Shenmai (BL 62), Zhaohai (KI 6), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) in the observation group, while placebo acupuncture was applied at the same acupoints in the control group. The treatment lasted for 8 weeks, once every other day, 3 times a week in the 1st to 4th weeks; once every 3 days, 2 times a week in the 5th to 8th weeks. Before and after treatment, the actigraphy (ACT) indexes of objective sleep (total time of stay in bed, total sleep time, sleep efficiency, the number of awakenings and the wake time after falling asleep) and plasma cortisol (CORT) level were observed; before and after treatment and in follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment, the scores of morningness-eveningness questionnaire (MEQ), insomnia severity index (ISI), fatigue severity scale (FSS) and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the number of awakenings was reduced, and the wake time after falling asleep was shortened after treatment in the observation group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and those in the observation group after treatment were superior to the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the MEQ scores after treatment in both groups and in the follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were increased (P<0.01), and the MEQ score of each time point after treatment in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.01). The scores of ISI, FSS and ESS after treatment, and the scores of ISI、ESS in follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05), and in the observation group, the scores of ISI, FSS and ESS of each time point after treatment were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment, the plasma CORT level in the observation group was decreased compared with that before treatment and that in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can improve the sleep and wake phase of patients with DSWPD, improve sleep quality and daytime function, and its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of plasma CORT level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Sleep , Acupuncture Points , Down-Regulation , Sleep Duration
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 514-517, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924091

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation and influencing factors of coping capacity in public health emergencies among college students in Shandong Province, and to provide reference for public health emergencies responses.@*Methods@#Using stratified random sampling method, 7 719 students from 6 colleges and universities in Shandong Province were selected and investigated with self designed questionnaire from April to May 2020. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of coping capacity in public health emergencies.@*Results@#The overall coping capacity of college students in Shandong Province to public health emergencies scored (46.22±8.47), with dimension from high to low being personal prevention before the event (15.65±2.75), post event cooperation and disposal (15.18±3.08), incident personal precaution (15.01±3.23). Multiple linear regression showed that gender, major, only child, parental education level, knowledge of public health emergencies, emergency drill exercises, and health education for public health emergencies were associated with coping capacity among college students in public health emergencies ( B =-1.53, -1.78, -2.08, 0.60, 0.81, 1.11, 1.38, 0.78, 1.65, 1.86, 9.14, 2.00, 2.62, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The overall coping capacity in public health emergencies among college students in Shandong is at a good level, but still needs to be improved through strengthening emergency education and family support.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 304-311, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958779

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design an evaluation scale of perioperative fine management, and test it in hospitals, for verifying its effectiveness and sorting out problems in such management.Methods:November 2020 to August 2021, the scale framework was designed by using the process management theories featuring process-oriented control; then the scale was built based on a risk measurement indicators pool created based on policies, literature, standards and expert interview results on perioperative management; an empirical study was made in the end.Results:The scale consists of 209 risk measurement indicators and Likert 5-level scoring method was adopted to measure the possibility of problems in each respect. A total of 99 experts from 31 hospitals participated in the trial of the scale in 2021, and Cronbach α coefficient was 0.997, indicating good consistency among risk measurement indicators. The median of the average scoring of respective risk measurement indicators was 1.69. The most common problems in the perioperative management process include: lack of analysis and countermeasure research on the perioperative fine management; insufficient medical staff; poor awareness of medical staff in standardized and fine management. Conclusions:This scale can quantitatively evaluate respective aspects of perioperative fine management.

14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 569-571, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of systematic education for primiparas undergoing epidural labor analgesia.Methods:A total of 240 primiparas who were suitable and voluntarily requested epidural labor analgesia, aged 20-35 yr, at 37-41 + 6 weeks gestation, with a singleton fetus, in vertex presentation without fetal abnormality, were selected.According to whether the primiparas and their accompanying family members had received systematic education on epidural labor analgesia during pregnancy, the primiparas were divided into 2 groups ( n=120 each): education group and control group.When the uterine contraction was regular and the diameter of the uterine orifice reached 2 cm or more, epidural labor analgesia was carried out.Before the begining of epidural puncture, the degree of anxiety of pregnant women was evaluated using the self-rating anxiety scale.The time of communication before analgesia, time of placing body position, and satisfaction of puerperae and their family members with labor analgesia were observed and recorded. Results:Compared with control group, the self-rating anxiety scale score was significantly decreased, the time of communication before analgesia and time of placing body position were shortened, and the rate of satisfaction of puerperae and their family members with labor analgesia was increased in education group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Systematic education is helpful in relieving the anxiety of primiparas during epidural labor analgesia, increasing the efficiency of analgesia implementation and improving the delivery experience of puerperae.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1230-1235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the diagnostic value of the fat deposition between the base of spinous process and dura mater in the mid-sagittal T1WI image of lumbar spine MRI for occult pars interarticularis defect, and to discuss the its mechanism.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2019, 32 cases with low back and leg pain were confirmed by MR scanning that the fat deposition between the dura mater and the base of spinous process with or without fat deposition in the rest of the spinal canal, including 20 males and 12 females were included. The age was 28.5±6.2 years (range, 18-57 years). Spiral CT scanning and multiplanar reconstruction were used to judge the integrity of the isthmus, levels of defect, and unilateral or bilateral defect. The observation of the above imaging data were independently completed by two orthopaedic doctors.Results:In 32 patients with epidural fat deposition, there were 24 patients with occult isthmus and 8 patients with simple epidural lipomatosis, confirmed by spiral CT multiplanar reconstruction. In 24 cases of isthmus, there were 18 males and 6 females. The age was 27.3±5.3 years (range, 18-45 years). There were 2 cases between the base of L 4 spinous process and dura mater, and 22 cases between the base of L 5 spinous process and dura mater, without fat deposition in the rest of the spinal canal. All 24 cases were bilateral isthmus, and the anterior and lateral X-ray could not be diagnosed. All patients complained of different degrees of mechanical low back pain. 6 cases with disc herniation, and no case with intermittent claudication. In 8 patients with simple epidural lipomatosis, there were 2 males and 6 females. The age ranged from 32 to 55 years, with an average of 38.4±6.7 years. There were 4 cases between the base of L 3 spinous process and dura mater, 3 cases between the base of L 4 spinous process and dura mater, and 1 case between the base of L 5 spinous process and dura mater. All 8 patients had fat deposition between the lamina and dura mater in the upper and/or the same level, and the dura mater was compressed by the fat. 8 patients complained of different degrees of low back pain without tenderness. 2 cases with disc herniation, and one case with intermittent claudication. Conclusion:The fat deposition sign between the base of spinous process and dura mater has certain specificity for occult lumbar spondylolysis. As an effective supplement to the discontinuous bone signal of spondylolysis, it is helpful to the early diagnosis of spondylolysis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1182-1187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact on image quality of a new deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR) algorithm in dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CTP) and to explore whether the algorithm affects the quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF) in swine.Methods:Dynamic CTP imaging was performed in five anesthetized domestic swine [body weight (58.6±1.9) kg], at both rest and stress state. The tube voltages were fixed at 100 kV, and the low-dose and high-dose scanning tube currents were set as 150 mA and 300 mA, respectively. The low-dose (LD) scan data were reconstructed with filtered back projection (FBP) and three different DLIR strengths (low, medium, and high). High-dose (HD) scan data were reconstructed with filtered back projection (FBP) only. Subjective (5-point scale) image quality was evaluated, and objective evaluations included image noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was performed. Linear regression was used to test the linear trend between DLIR algorithm strength and image quality. Data sets normality was determined by the Shapiro-Wilk test. Comparisons between groups were performed using Student′s t test for normally distributed data or the Wilcoxon rank-sum test for non-normally distributed data. Results:The mean effective radiation dose was 7.2 and 3.8 mSv for the HD protocol and the LD protocol, respectively, with statistically significant difference found between two protocols ( t=282.50, P<0.001). The image noise of the images obtained at LD protocol gradually decreased and the image SNR and CNR gradually increased with DLIR algorithm strength increased ( F=60.10,35.87,41.41; P for trend were all<0.001). As for DLIR-high strength (LD) and FBP (HD) images, the image noise values were (31.7±3.1) and (38.2±1.2) HU; SNR were 16.6±2.0 and 13.8±0.8; CNR were 14.5±1.7, 11.6±0.9, respectively, with significant differences found between two groups ( t=5.70, 4.15, 5.68; all P<0.05). The subjective scores of DLIR-high strength (LD) and FBP (HD) images were significantly different (4.8±0.4 and 4.2±0.6, Z=2.12, P<0.05). No significant differences were found between the MBF calculated from FBP (LD) and from DLIR-high strength (LD), with the values as (81.3±17.3) ml·100 ml -1·min -1 vs. (79.9±18.3)ml·100 ml -1·min -1 at rest state; and (99.4±24.9)ml·100 ml -1·min -1 vs. (100.7±27.3) ml·100 ml -1·min -1 at stress state ( t=1.10, 0.89; P>0.05). Conclusion:DLIR-high strength can improve image quality of myocardial CTP in swine, and can reduce radiation dose without influencing the MBF calculation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 101-105, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934571

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct and verify a model of excessive medical behavior clues enrichment, for the technical support for the safe and rational use of medical insurance fund.Methods:A model of excessive medical behavior clues enrichment was constructed by the rank assignment method. The inpatient transaction records of medical insurance for employees and residents in 5 tumor hospitals in Beijing from 2016 to 2019 were obtained to verify the validity of the model. The patients were grouped according to age and gender, and each transaction record was converted into a standardized score V(0-100 scores), all transactions were divided into 22 groups according to V value. The Cochran-Armitage trend test was used to analyze the variation trend of enrichment rate with the increase of V value. Chi-square test was used to compare the chargeback rates of different groups. The correlation between the standardized score V and the amount of chargeback was tested by Pearson.Results:There were 872 599 and 86 356 hospitalization transactions for employee and resident medical insurance patients, with included 1 164 and 103 chargeback records respectively. The average score and median of V-value of employee and resident medical insurance transactions were scores of 49 and 50 respectively.When V>0, the enrichment rates of the employee and resident medical insurance were on the rise with the increasing of V( Z=23.86, P<0.001; Z=11.02, P<0.001), the refusal rates among different groups was significant different( χ2=1 307.16, P<0.001)and the correlation between V value and the chargeback amount was statistically significant( r=0.29, P<0.001; r=0.30, P=0.003). Conclusions:This study established a clue enrichment model of excessive medical behavior based on the rank assignment method. By analyzing a large number of medical insurance transaction records, the model can focus on the medical insurance transaction with suspected excessive medical treatment behavior, and has a certain guiding role in the management of medical insurance fund.

18.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 722-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931685

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between number of daily steps and insomnia in patients with chronic insomnia using "WeChat Sports" program.Methods:A total of 190 patients with insomnia who received treatment in Department of Neurology, Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated Wenzhou Hospital between October 2017 and October 2019. General data (age, sex, body mass index, history of smoking and alcohol use) and the number of daily steps recorded by "WeChat Sports" program were collected. Patients whose average number of daily steps was greater than 7500 were assigned to the sufficient exercise group ( n = 68), and the remaining patients were assigned to the insufficient exercise group ( n = 122). Patient symptoms were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), The Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and generalized Anxiety Disorder scale-7. Scale evaluation and data collection were performed by two trained investigators. Data were compared between the two groups. The correlation between average number of daily steps and each scale score was analyzed. Results:Total PSQI score in the sufficient exercise group was significantly lower than that in the insufficient exercise group [(12.94 ± 3.14) points vs. (14.93 ± 2.99) points, t = 4.31, P < 0.001]. Scores of subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, habitual sleep efficiency, use of sleep medication, and daytime dysfunction were significantly lower in the sufficient exercise group than those in the insufficient exercise group ( P = 0.011, 0.008, 0.025, 0.039, 0.006). The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 scores in the sufficient exercise group were significantly lower than those in the insufficient exercise group ( P = 0.011, P = 0.002). The average number of daily steps was significantly negatively correlated with total PSQI score, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 score, and score of each PSQI component (subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, habitual sleep efficiency, and daytime dysfunction) ( r = -0.29, -0.16, -0.19, -0.24, -0.15, -0.18, -0.23). Conclusion:Insomnia patients with insufficient daily exercise have more serious insomnia and emotional symptoms than those with sufficient daily exercise. Daily average exercise is correlated with the severity of insomnia and emotional symptom.

19.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 685-691, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) on the cognitive function and alcohol craving in patients with alcohol dependence.Methods:From March 2019 to September 2021, a total of 150 patients with alcohol dependence were enrolled and randomly divided into rTMS treatment group (rTMS+ sham CBT, n=41), CBT treatment group (CBT+ sham rTMS, n=34), rTMS+ CBT treatment group( n=36) and control group (sham rTMS+ sham CBT, n=39). At baseline (before treatment), 2nd week, 8th week, 12th week and 24th week, alcohol dependence scale (ADS) was used to evaluate the degree of alcohol dependence, the obsessive compulsive drinking scale (OCDS) was used to assess patients' drinking craving, and Montreal cognitive assessment scale (MoCA) was used to assess the overall cognitive level of patients.SPSS 23.0 statistical software was used to compare the differences of ADS, OCDS and MoCA scale scores of the four groups by repeated measure ANOVA and simple effect analysis. Results:(1)The patients in the four groups were evaluated with ADS scale at baseline, 12th week and 24th week respectively.The interaction of group×time( F=1.279, P=0.279) and the main effect of group were not significant ( F=0.882, P=0.454), and the main effect of time was significant ( F=12.925, P<0.001) .Further simple effect analysis showed that the ADS score of rTMS+ CBT group was lower than that of baseline(14.48±5.70, 10.00±6.51) ( P=0.01) at 24th week.(2)Patients in the four groups were assessed with OCDs scale at baseline, 2nd week, 8th week, 12th week and 24th week, and the interaction of group×time was significant ( F=2.015, P=0.042). Further simple effect analysis showed that the OCDs scores of rTMS group and rTMS+ CBT group at each follow-up time node were lower than those at baseline period (all P<0.05). (3)Patients in the four groups were assessed with MoCA scale at baseline, 8th week, 12th week and 24th week, and the interaction of group×time was not significant ( F=1.660, P=0.106), and the main effect of group and the main effect of time were significant ( F=2.964, P=0.038; F=14.239, P<0.001). Further simple effect analysis showed that the score of MoCA scale in CBT group at the 24th week was higher than that at baseline (21.73±5.81, 24.60±3.98)( P=0.029), the score of MoCA scale in rTMS+ CBT group at the 24th week was higher than that at the 8th week (23.50±6.01, 25.95±2.87) ( P=0.006), and the score of MoCA scale in rTMS group at the 12th week was higher than that in control group (22.08±6.64, 26.64±2.46)( P=0.009). Conclusion:rTMS combined with CBT can be effective in improving alcohol craving and cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence, and has a good long-term effect.

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International Eye Science ; (12): 394-398, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920409

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To observe the therapeutic effects of standard laser in situ keratomileusis(LASIK), wavefront-guided LASIK(WF-LASIK)and small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)on refractive errors. <p>METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 97 patients(194 eyes)with refractive errors admitted to the hospital between March 2020 and March 2021. They were divided into LASIK group(28 cases, 56 eyes), WF-LASIK group(32 cases, 64 eyes)and SMILE group(37 cases, 74 eyes)according to the surgical method. The uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), diopter, high-order aberrations, tear film break-up time(BUT)and tear secretion function(SⅠt)were observed before and after operation, and related complications were recorded. <p>RESULTS: The UCVA, spherical diopter, cylindrical lens diopter and spherical equivalent were similar in the 3 groups at 1 and 3mo after operation(all P>0.05). The spherical aberrations of LASIK group, WF-LASIK group, and SMILE group at 1 and 3mo after operation decreased in order(all P<0.05). The horizontal coma and vertical coma of LASIK group and SMILE group at 1 and 3mo after operation were greater than those of WF-LASIK group(all P<0.05). The total high order aberrations of LASIK group at 1 and 3mo after operation were significantly greater than those of the other two groups(all P<0.05). BUT and SⅠt of SMILE group at 1 and 3mo after operation were significantly better than those of the other two groups(all P<0.05), without significant difference between WF-LASIK group and LASIK group(all P>0.05). The total incidence rates of complications in the 3 groups were close(P>0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: All of LASIK, WF-LASIK and SMILE can improve vision of patients with refractive errors. However, patients treated with WF-LASIK have the best visual quality after operation, and those treated with SMILE can obtained better tear film stability after operation.

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