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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 152-158, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006280

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe angiosperm phylogeny group (APG) Ⅳ system is currently the latest angiosperm classification system. The APG system based on DNA sequence can more naturally reflect the phylogeny and evolution of plants, which has been widely recognized and applied in scientific research and teaching of plants in other countries. Through the comparison between the changes in the APG Ⅳ system and the traditional plant classification system, the changes in the taxonomic status of the original plants of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia were reviewed. MethodBy referring to the literature in China and abroad, the changes in the taxonomic status of the original plants of TCM recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia were sorted out according to the basic groups of angiosperms in the APG Ⅳ system, including the basal group of ANA, the magnoliid and chloranthales, the basal groups of monocots and eudicots, the superrosids, and the superasterids. ResultThere are about 72 species of TCM in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. A total of 76 species of the original plants change in family grade according to the APG Ⅳ system. There are 22 species of TCM belonging to the dicotyledon class, involving 26 species of the original plants. It should be placed in front of the differentiation of monocotyledons and eudicotyledons according to the APG Ⅳ system. ConclusionThis paper largely clarifies the change in the taxonomic status of the original plants of TCM in Chinese Pharmacopoeia according to the APG Ⅳ system, which is helpful to the reviewing literature in China and abroad for the original plants of TCM and facilitates the international academic exchange for TCM. It provides a reference for the revision of textbooks such as Botany and Medicinal Botany in Chinese colleges and universities and will lay the foundation for updating the content of Chinese Pharmacopoeia in the future.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 489-495, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013126

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the potential effect of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 in patients with chronic hepatitis B. MethodsClinical data were collected from 324 patients with chronic hepatitis B who were treated in Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, from January to December 2022, and according to whether UDCA was administered, they were divided into UDCA group and control group. The propensity score matching (PSM) method was used to balance the confounding factors such as age, sex, and chronic complications, and the two groups were compared in terms of SARS-CoV-2 infection rate, symptoms, and recovery time after COVID-19. The two groups were also compared in terms of related laboratory markers (white blood cell count [WBC], hemoglobin [Hb], platelet count [PLT], alanine aminotransferase [ALT], aspartate aminotransferase [AST], albumin [Alb], alkaline phosphatase [ALP], total bilirubin [TBil], triglyceride [TG], and total cholesterol [TC]), vaccination, and the incidence rate of liver disease symptoms after COVID-19. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of data with skewed distribution between the two groups; the chi-square test and the continuously corrected chi-square test were used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The binary Logistic regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses to investigate the influencing factors for COVID-19 after matching. ResultsThere were 87 patients in the UDCA group and 237 patients in the control group, and after PSM, there were 78 patients in the UDCA group and 137 patients in the control group, with good balance between the two groups. There was a significant difference in SARS-CoV-2 infection rate between the UDCA group and the control group [82.1% (64/78) vs 95.6% (131/137), χ2=10.847, P=0.001]. After COVID-19, compared with the control group, the UDCA group had a significantly lower proportion of the patients with chill (10.9% vs 38.9%, χ2=16.124, P<0.001) and cough (56.3% vs 74.8%, χ2=6.889, P=0.009). There was a significant difference between the UDCA group and the control group in the proportion of the patients with a recovery time of ≤7 days after COVID-19 (79.7% vs 61.1%, χ2=6.760, P=0.009). Both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that UDCA was an independent influencing factor for COVID-19 (odds ratio=0.21 and 0.17, both P<0.05). ConclusionUDCA is an protective factor against COVID-19 in patients with chronic hepatitis B and can alleviate related symptoms to some extent and shorten the recovery time, and therefore, it has an important value in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19.

3.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 310-317, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965847

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the prevention strategy of bilateral vocal cord adhesion after simultaneous Renke space edema resection under CO2 laser. MethodsSeventy patients who underwent CO2 laser resection of bilateral Renke space edema of vocal cords from June 2018 to June 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively selected for this study. According to their postoperative vocal cord adhesion, patients were divided into vocal cord adhesion group (35 cases) and silent band adhesion group (35 cases), and the general data of the two groups were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for postoperative vocal cord adhesion. The prediction model of postoperative morbidity risk of vocal cord adhesion was established by using chisquared automatic interaction detection (CHAID) classification tree algorithm, and the application value of the model was evaluated by benefit graph and index graph. ResultsMultivariate analysis showed that surgical range and depth of Ⅱ, laser power≥5 W and anterior connection involvement were the risk factors for postoperative vocal cord adhesion [OR 95%CI: 6.113 (2.346, 17.451); 5.214 (1.469, 15.263); 18.651 (1.689, 36.203)]. The classification tree model showed that anterior articulation involvement was an important predictor of postoperative vocal cord adhesion (76.92%; χ2=11.993, P=0.001), and the benefit graph and index graph showed good models. ConclusionClinical attention should be paid to surgical scope and depth, laser power and anterior union involvement, and timely prevention strategies should be formulated to reduce the risk of vocal cord adhesion in patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 497-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical and genetic features of Joubert syndrome (JS) in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data, genetic data, and follow-up data of 20 children who were diagnosed with JS in the Department of Children's Rehabilitation, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, from January 2017 to July 2022.@*RESULTS@#Among the 20 children with JS, there were 11 boys and 9 girls. The common clinical manifestations were developmental delay (20 children, 100%), abnormal eye movement (19 children, 95%), and hypotonia (16 children, 80%), followed by abnormal respiratory rhythm in 5 children (25%) and unusual facies (including prominent forehead, low-set ears, and triangular mouth) in 3 children (15%), and no limb deformity was observed. All 20 children (100%) had the typical "molar tooth sign" and "midline cleft syndrome" on head images, and 6 children (30%) had abnormal eye examination results. Genetic testing was performed on 7 children and revealed 6 pathogenic genes, i.e., the CPLANE1, RPGRIP1L, MKS1, CC2D2A, CEP120, and AHI1 genes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#For children with developmental delay, especially those with abnormal eye movement and hypotonia, it is recommended to perform a head imaging examination to determine the presence or absence of "molar tooth sign" and "midline cleft syndrome", so as to screen for JS to avoid missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. There are many pathogenic genes for JS, and whole-exome sequencing can assist in the diagnosis of JS.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Cerebellum , Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/genetics , Eye Abnormalities/genetics , Retina , Retrospective Studies , Muscle Hypotonia/genetics
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6663-6675, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008864

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the effects of different processed products of Polygonati Rhizoma(black bean-processed Polygonati Rhizoma, BBPR; stewed Polygonati Rhizoma, SPR) on the urinary metabolites in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease(AD). Sixty SPF-grade male SD rats were randomized into a control group, a model group, a donepezil group, a BBPR group, and a SPR group, with twelve rats in each group. Other groups except the control group were administrated with D-galactose injection(100 mg·kg~(-1)) once a day for seven weeks. The control group was administrated with an equal volume of normal saline once a day for seven consecutive weeks. After three weeks of D-galactose injection, bilateral hippocampal Aβ_(25-35) injections were performed for modeling. The rats were administrated with corresponding drugs(10 mL·kg~(-1)) by gavage since week 2, and the rats in the model and control group with an equal volume of double distilled water once a day for 35 continuous days. The memory behaviour and pathological changes in the hippocampal tissue were observed. The untargeted metabolites in the urine were detected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q/TOF-MS). Principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to characterize and screen differential metabolites and potential biomarkers, for which the metabolic pathway enrichment analysis was conducted. The results indicated that BBPR and SPR increased the new object recognition index, shortened the escape latency, and increased the times of crossing the platform of AD rats in the Morris water maze test. The results of hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining showed that the cells in the hippocampal tissue of the drug administration groups were closely arranged. Moreover, the drugs reduced the content of interleukin-6(IL-6, P<0.01) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in the hippocampal tissue, which were more obvious in the BBPR group(P<0.05). After screening, 15 potential biomarkers were identified, involving two metabolic pathways: dicoumarol pathway and piroxicam pathway. BBPR and SPR may alleviate AD by regulating the metabolism of dicoumarol and piroxicam.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Dicumarol , Galactose , Piroxicam , Metabolomics/methods , Biomarkers/urine
6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 345-353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986076

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of VPS26 effect on osteogenesis and adipogenesis differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) in high fat environment, and to explore the effect of VPS26 on implants osseointegration of high fat rats and ectopic osteogenesis in nude mice. Methods: BMSC were cultured under normal osteogenic induction (osteogenic group) and high-fat osteogenic induction (high-fat group).High-fat group was transfected with VPS26 enhancer and inhibitor, and the expression levels of osteogenesis related genes and adipogenesis related genes were examined. Osteogenesis and adipogenesis of BMSC were detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and oil red O staining after 7 and 14 days of induction.In osteogenic group,the binding of VPS26 to β-catenin was detected by immunofluorescence staining and immunoprecipitation, and dual luciferase reporter assay (TOP Flash) was used to analyze the TOP/FOP ratio. Eighteen male 12-week hyperlipidemic Wista rats (160-200 g) were implanted with implants, and six in each group were injected with VPS26 overexpression lentivirus (LV-VPS26 group), negative control lentivirus (LV-nc group) and saline (blank control group).Micro-CT analysis , HE and oil red O staining were used to evaluate the osseointegration of the implants and lipid droplets formation of the femur samples. Twenty female 6-week nude mice (30-40 g) were divided into five groups and subcutaneously implanted with osteogenic BMSC non-transfected and transfected LV-VPS26, LV-nc, shVPS26, and shscr lentivirus on the back. Samples were used to observe ectopic osteogenesis. Results: The mRNA expression levels of ALP in the high-fat group BMSC after overexpression of VPS26 (1.56±0.09) were significantly higher than those of the negative control (1.01±0.03) (t=10.09, P<0.001), while those of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) (t=6.44, P<0.001) and fatty acid-binding protein4 (FABP4) (t=10.01, P<0.001) were lower than those of the negative control. Western blotting results showed that compared with the negative control, protein expression of ALP and Runt-related transcription gene 2 was enhanced in the high-fat group BMSC after overexpression of VPS26 while PPAR-γ and FABP4 were inhibited. ALP activity of BMSC in the high-fat group was stronger after overexpression of VPS26, and the formation of lipid droplets was weaker than that in negative control. The results of immunofluorescence, immunoprecipitation and dual luciferase reporter assays showed co-localization and interaction of VPS26 with β-catenin and a significant 43.10% increase in the TOP/FOP ratio (t=-3.17, P=0.034). VPS26 overexpression enhanced osseointegration and decreased the number of lipid droplets in high-fat rat and enhanced ectopic osteogenesis of nude mice. Conclusions: VPS26 activated osteogenesis differentiation and inhibited adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs through Wnt/β-catenin pathway, promoting osseointegration of high-fat rat implants and ectopic osteogenesis of nude mice.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 339-344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985873

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of children with dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) caused by tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene variations. Methods: Clinical data of 9 children with DRD caused by TH gene variations diagnosed in the Department of Children Rehabilitation, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2017 to August 2022 were retrospectively collected and analyzed, including the general conditions, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, gene variations and follow-up data. Results: Of the 9 children with DRD caused by TH gene variations, 3 were males and 6 were females. The age at diagnosis was 12.0 (8.0, 15.0) months. The initial symptoms of the 8 severe patients were motor delay or degression. Clinical symptoms of the severe patients included motor delay (8 cases), truncal hypotonia (8 cases), limb muscle hypotonia (7 cases), hypokinesia (6 cases), decreased facial expression (4 cases), tremor (3 cases), limb dystonia (3 cases), diurnal fluctuation (2 cases), ptosis (2 cases), limb muscle hypertonia (1 case) and drooling (1 case). The initial symptom of the very severe patient was motor delay. Clinical symptoms of the very severe patient included motor delay, truncal hypotonia, oculogyric crises, status dystonicus, hypokinesia, decreased facial expression, and decreased sleep. Eleven TH gene variants were found, including 5 missense variants, 3 splice site variants, 2 nonsense variants, and 1 insertion variant, as well as 2 novel variants (c.941C>A (p.T314K), c.316_317insCGT (p.F106delinsSF)). Nine patients were followed up for 40 (29, 43) months, and no one was lost to follow-up. Seven of the 8 severe patients were treated by levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets and 1 severe patient was treated by levodopa tablets. All the severe patients responded well to levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets or levodopa tablets. Although the weight of the patients increased and the drug dosage was not increased, the curative effect remained stable and there was no obvious adverse reaction. One severe patient developed dyskinesia in the early stage of treatment with levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets and it disappeared after oral administration of benzhexol hydrochloride tablets. Until the last follow-up, motor development of 7 severe patients returned to normal and 1 severe patient still had motor delay due to receiving levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets for only 2 months. The very severe patient was extremely sensitive to levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets and no improvement was observed in this patient. Conclusions: Most of the DRD caused by TH gene variations are severe form. The clinical manifestations are varied and easily misdiagnosed. Patients of the severe patients responded well to levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets or levodopa tablets, and it takes a long time before full effects of treatment become established. Long-term effect is stable without increasing the drug dosage, and no obvious side effect is observed.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Benserazide/therapeutic use , Dystonia/genetics , Hypokinesia/drug therapy , Levodopa/pharmacology , Muscle Hypotonia , Retrospective Studies , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 805-808, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934794

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#School aged children grow and develop rapidly, and adequate nutrition is the material basis for their normal intellectual and physical development. It is necessary to formulate the dietary guidelines for school aged children on the basis of the dietary guidelines for the general population, and revise in time according to the changes in the nutritional health status of school aged children. The revision of the dietary guidelines for school aged children is based on the content of Dietary Guidelines for Chinese School aged Children (2016). In addition, according to the revision principles and procedures of the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents, as well as comprehensive consideration of the current prominent dietary and nutritional problems of school aged children in China, Dietary Guidelines for Chinese School aged Children (2022) is finally issued after evidence based researches, discussion and consultation. Dietary Guidelines for Chinese School aged Children (2022) highlights the improvement of nutritional literacy, the cultivation of healthy eating behaviors, the building of healthy food environment, as well as updating the recommendation concerning diet and active physical activity. Dietary pagodas for school aged children of different three ages including 6-10 years, 11-13 years and 14-17 years are added to the guideline. The Guideline provides practical references for parents, teachers, school health workers, medical staff in child health services and workers in centers for disease control and prevention.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 73-78, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014175

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the roles of miRNA-132 and its related proteins(Mecp2, CREB)in the mechanism of methamphetamine(MA)-induced neurotoxicity and dependence.Methods The rats were intraperitioneally injected(ip)with MA(10 mg·kg-1·d-1)to establish methamphetamine dependence model with different dependent time courses of 1 week, 2 weeks, and 4 weeks respectively.The miRNA-132 and Mecp2 mRNA were detected by RT-qPCR, and the Mecp2, p-Mecp2, CREB and p-CREB proteins were detected by Western blot in the tissues of frontal cortex and hippocampus.Results In the frontal cortex, the miRNA-132 and Mecp2 mRNA were up-regulated in MA-dependent groups(P<0.05 and P<0.01), while the Mecp2 protein were down-regulated(P<0.01).MA could promote the phosphorylation of Mecp2 protein in the frontal cortex(P<0.01).In hippocampus, the miRNA-132 was down-regulated in the MA-dependent groups, but Mecp2 mRNA was up-regulated(P<0.05).Mecp2 protein increased in MA-dependent 1 week group(P<0.05), and then recovered with the prolonged time of MA dependence, then decreased in MA-dependent 4 weeks groups(P<0.05)in hippocampus.The phosphorylation level of Mecp2 was significantly decreased in the 1 week group(P<0.01), and then increased in the 2 weeks group(P<0.01)in hippocampus.Conclusions MA could induce an abnormal expression of miRNA-132 in the frontal cortex and hippocampus, and miRNA-132 might inhibit the translation of Mecp2 mRNA and induce the decrease expression of Mecp2 protein in the frontal cortex.But in hippocampus, miRNA-132 does not show the correlation with the Mecp2 expression trend of the frontal cortex.And miRNA-132 regulation does not depend on the expression of Mecp2 in hippocampus.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 87-91, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920493

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Refine and understand the characteristics of different types of bystanders, in order to maximize the exploitation and utilization of bystanders as potential resources for anti bullying, so as to provide more targeted guidance for the formulation of intervention programs.@*Methods@#In this study, 1 279 students from two middle schools in Beijing and Anhui Province and two high schools in Guangdong Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region were administered with Participation Role Questionnaire (PRQ) and Peer Nomination Questionnaire.@*Results@#There was a significant difference between male and female in the role of onlooker( χ 2=96.92, P <0.01). Female students were more likely to play the role of defender and outsider, while male students were more likely to play the role of reinforcer( χ 2=31.87, P =0.01). And there were significant differences in the distribution of bystander roles in different grades. The chi square test results were( χ 2=456.26, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The bystander plays an important role in the occurrence of bullying incidents. It is an important direction of school bullying intervention programs to promote the positive transformation from passive bystander to active bystander.

11.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 588-591, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912084

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish and evaluate a rapid nucleic acid detection method for SARS-CoV-2 based on COYOTE ? Flash20 real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR instrument. Methods:A rapid reaction system was constructed by using specific primer and probe sets targeting ORF1ab and N gene of SARS-CoV-2, and the sensitivity and specificity of the system were verified. At the same time, 108 clinical samples of COVID-19 were used to evaluate the application of this method.Results:The detection method did not require nucleic acid extraction, and the manual operation time was only one minute. After the sample was sent to the system, the test could be completed in 30 minutes. The detection limit of this method was 4×10 2 copies/ml. It had no cross-reactivity with other human coronaviruses (including HCoV-229E, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-HKU1, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV) and other respiratory viruses. The evaluation of clinical sample application showed that the total coincidence rate with the conventional RT-qPCR which required nucleic acid extraction was 98.15%. Conclusions:Through the application evaluation of the rapid fluorescent quantitative PCR method of SARS-CoV-2, it was found that the method was simple, fast, specific and sensitive, and it was suitable for real-time and rapid detection needs in varieties of situations.

12.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 812-816, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015417

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the law of the change of body composition of Zhuang-Dong ethnic groups with the change of natural geographical factors(longitude, latitude, annual average temperature and annual average sunshine). Methods The bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) was used to measure the body composition data of 5098 cases of 13 ethnic groups of Zhuang-Dong group in China. At the same time, collect the relevant data of longitude, latitude, annual average temperature and annual average sunshine of 13 ethnic groups, and use per capita disposable income as a control variable to perform partial correlation analysis about body composition with longitude, latitude, annual average temperature, and annual average illumination. Results Zhuang-Dong group fat rate decreased and little change in muscle mass, presumption of bone mass, and water content with the increase of longitude. With the increase of latitude, the fat rate of males in the Zhuang-Dong ethnic group decreasesd, muscle mass increased (mainly muscles in the extremities), female fat rate increased, and muscle mass decreased (mainly in upper limbs and trunk muscles). In general, with the increase of the average annual temperature, the fat rate of males in Zhuang and Dong ethnic groups increased, lower limb muscles decreased, female fat rate decreased, and muscle mass increased. With the increase of the average annual sunshine, the body fat rate of men increased and the muscle mass decreased; the body fat rate of women decreased and the muscle mass increased. Conclusion Natural geographical factors (longitude, latitude, annual average temperature, and average annual sunshine) have significant effects on the body composition of the Zhuang-Dong ethnic group.

13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 608-612, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of rehabilitation treatment based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY) Core Sets on activities of daily living in children with cerebral palsy.@*METHODS@#The children with cerebral palsy were divided into an observation group (@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the scores of the WeeFIM and Social-Life Abilities scales between the two groups before treatment (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rehabilitation treatment regimen for cerebral palsy based on the CF-CY Core Sets pays more attention to the influence of environmental factors in the process of rehabilitation and can effectively improve the activities of daily living of children with cerebral palsy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Cerebral Palsy , Disability Evaluation , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Prospective Studies
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2392-2402, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879140

ABSTRACT

To explore the potential molecular mechanism of Mongolian medicine Bawei Sanxiang San in the treatment of chronic heart failure(CHF) through network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. The active ingredients and potential targets of Bawei Sanxiang San were collected by applying TCMSP, BATMAN databases and literature mining. CHF-related genes were collected through TTD, GeneCards and CTD databases. After the potential common targets between Bawei Sanxiang San and CHF were disco-vered, the interaction network diagram of "compound-target-pathway" was constructed using Cytoscape. The intersecting targets were imported into the DAVID database for GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Finally, the Autodock_vina software was used to molecularly dock the selected proteins with the active ingredients of Bawei Sanxiang San. The results showed that there were 60 active ingredients in Bawei Sanxiang San that might be used to treat CHF, involving 311 target genes and 7 signaling pathways that directly related to CHF, such as HIF-1 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, calcium signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, renin secretion. Additionally, molecular docking showed that the bioactive compounds had good binding activity with the protein receptors of key target genes. Bawei Sanxiang San might exert therapeutic effects on CHF by regulating cardiomyocytes, angiogenic and inflammation related targets and pathways in a multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heart Failure/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 865-876, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878950

ABSTRACT

The network pharmacology and molecular docking methods were used to explore the mechanism of Jinweitai Capsules in the treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis. The chemical components of herbs in Jinweitai Capsules were collected through TCMSP, CNKI and PubMed. Target prediction was performed through PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction databases; genes relating to acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, chronic colitis were collected from OMIM database; potential targets of Jinweitai Capsules for relevant gastrointestinal diseases were obtained by Venny analysis; DAVID database was used to perform GO and KEGG enrichment analysis; protein interactions were obtained by STRING database and visua-lized by Cytoscape; AutoDockVina was used for molecular docking of AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and its reverse-selected chemical components. Potential mechanisms of Jinweitai Capsules in treating relevant gastrointestinal diseases were clarified according to the results of the docking. The results showed 86 potential active ingredients of Jinweitai Capsules and 268 potential targets for treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that 20 pathways relating to acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis mainly involved calcium signaling pathway and chemokine signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed a good binding activity between AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and its reverse screening chemical components. Jinweitai Capsules may exert an effect in the treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis by acting on AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and other targets in 15 signal pathways relating to cell inflammation and immunity, cell proliferation and apoptosis, Helicobacter pylori infection, and gastrointestinal tract.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Diseases/drug therapy , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Medicine , Molecular Docking Simulation
16.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 103-109, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of different pre-sequencing sample processing modes on the results of whole genome sequencing with high-throughput sequencing (HTS) by taking the largest RNA virus (human coronavirus, HCoV) as the representative.Methods:Cell-cultured human coronavirus HCoV-OC43 strains were used as the representative samples and divided into different groups based on pre-sequencing processing modes as follows: untreated group, DNase and RNase treatment before nucleic acid extraction group, DNase treatment after nucleic acid extraction group, and DNase and RNase treatment before nucleic acid extraction and DNase treatment after nucleic acid extraction group. Nucleic acid samples of each group were analyzed by direct RNA sequencing (without amplification) and DNA sequencing after sequence independent single primer amplification (SISPA), respectively.Results:No significant difference in viral genome coverage rates was observed between different groups. The highest genome coverage and sequencing accuracy were obtained in DNase treatment after nucleic acid extraction group by direct RNA sequencing, and the ratio of viral reads and the sequencing depth of each locus were effectively improved by SISPA amplification.Conclusions:This study provided an optimized technical strategy for whole genome sequencing of RNA viruses such as coronavirus.

17.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 84-88, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the relationship between the clinicopathological features and prognosis of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) after renal transplantation.Methods:A total of 34 patients with IgAN after renal transplantation confirmed by renal biopsy were enrolled. And another 34 patients with primary IgAN confirmed by initial renal biopsy were adopted as controls. Clinical and pathological features of two groups were compared to explore the relationship between clinicopathological features and prognosis of allograft IgAN.Results:As compared with primary IgAN group, renal function in allograft IgAN group included serum creatinine [(158.5±75.9) vs (84.8±26.8) umol/L], urea nitrogen [(9.7±6.1) vs (5.2±1.4) mmol/L], uric acid [(406.7±87.8) vs (359.0±92.6) umol/L], estimated glomerular filtration rate {(57.4±25.4) vs (91.2±28.6) [ml/(min·1.73m 2)]}. All were statistically significantly higher ( P<0.05) while other parameters showed no differences. Pathologically, the proportion of T1 type (50.0% vs 17.6%) of renal tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis was significantly higher in allograft IgAN group than control group ( P<0.05). Furthermore, univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were performed between various pathological parameters and prognosis in allograft IgAN patients. It indicated that the degree of mesangial hyperplasia of patients with transplanted IgAN had a significantly negative impact on the prognosis. Conclusions:The clinicopathological features of patients with allograft IgAN show no difference from those of patients with primary IgAN. And among patients with allograft IgAN, those with severe mesangial hyperplasia often have a worse prognosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 885-891, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905407

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the construction of Henan Cerebral Palsy Register and Rehabilitation Management System (HCPRRMS) and to explore the construction project of regional register and surveillance of cerebral palsy. Methods:The construction process, registration content and preliminary results of HCPRRMS were systematically introduced. Results:HCPRRMS was independent developed in 2014. Since March, 2015, the system has been used to register information of patients with cerebral palsy in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Until September, 2019, a total of 23 child rehabilitation institutions had used the registration management system. There were 1357 patients with cerebral palsy registered in this system, in which 936 cases (68.98%) were male, 501 cases (36.92%) were with gestational weeks < 37, 443 cases (32.65%) were with birth weight < 2500 g, and 430 cases (31.69%) were born with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Among them, the spastic cerebral palsy patients (1117 cases, 86.74%) accounted for the highest proportion. There was significant difference among types of cerebral palsy and the classification of GMFCS. A total of 1117 patients with cerebral palsy showed MRI-identified brain abnormalities, in which, periventricular leukomalacia accounted for the most (480 cases). For the complications, epilepsy accounted for 14.44% (196 cases), vision impairment accounted for 8.03% (109 cases), hearing impairment accounted for 11.64% (158 cases). Among 769 cases aged more than two years, language-speech dysfunction accounted for 52.66% (424 cases); and among 216 cases aged more than four years, mental retardation accounted for 37.96% (82 cases). Conclusion:HCPRRMS could help to understand the risk factors, clinical characteristics, and complications of cerebral palsy.

19.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 666-676, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827790

ABSTRACT

This study engineered β-carotene ketolase CrtW and β-carotene hydroxylase CrtZ to improve biosynthesis of astaxanthin in Escherichia coli. Firstly, crtW was randomly mutated to increase CrtW activities on conversion from β-carotene to astaxanthin. A crtW* mutant with A6T, T105A and L239M mutations has improved 5.35-fold astaxanthin production compared with the wild-type control. Secondly, the expression levels of crtW* and crtZ on chromosomal were balanced by simultaneous modulation RBS regions of their genes using RBS library. The strain RBS54 selected from RBS library, directed the pathway exclusively towards the desired product astaxanthin as predominant carotenoid (99%). Lastly, the number of chromosomal copies of the balanced crtW-crtZ cassette from RBS54 was increased using a Cre-loxP based technique, and a strain with 30 copies of the crtW*-crtZ cassette was selected. This final strain DL-A008 had a 9.8-fold increase of astaxanthin production compared with the wild-type control. Fed-batch fermentation showed that DL-A008 produced astaxanthin as predominant carotenoid (99%) with a specific titer of 0.88 g·L without addition of inducer. In conclusion, through constructing crtW mutation, balancing the expression levels between crtW* and crtZ, and increasing the copy number of the balanced crtW*-crtZ cassette, the activities of β-carotene ketolase and β-carotene hydroxylase were improved for conversion of β-carotene to astaxanthin with higher efficiency. The series of conventional and novel metabolic engineering strategies were designed and applied to construct the astaxanthin hetero-producer strain of E. coli, possibly offering a general approach for the construction of stable hetero-producer strains for other natural products.

20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1188-1192, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879774

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the nutritional status of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and the clinical effectiveness of Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment (SGNA) in nutritional assessment of hospitalized children with CP.@*METHODS@#A total of 208 children with CP, aged 1-5 years, who were hospitalized from April to October 2019 were enrolled as subjects. SGNA was used to investigate nutritional status, and the Z-score method recommended by the World Health Organization was used as a reference standard to validate the clinical effectiveness of SGNA.@*RESULTS@#The detection rate of malnutrition in children with CP was 42.3% by SGNA and 39.4% by the Z-score method (P>0.05). The application of SGNA showed high consistency between different evaluators (κ=0.621, P<0.001). With the Z-score method as the reference standard, SGNA had a sensitivity of 80.5%, a specificity of 82.5%, a positive predictive value of 75.0%, and a negative predictive value of 86.7%, and high consistency was observed between the two evaluation methods (κ=0.622, P<0.001). SGNA was moderately consistent with weight-for-age Z-score and height-for-age Z-score (κ=0.495 and 0.478 respectively, P<0.001) and was poorly consistent with weight-for-height Z-score (κ=0.197, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a relatively high incidence rate of malnutrition in children with CP. SGNA can be used as a tool to assess the nutritional status of children with CP.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Cerebral Palsy , Child, Hospitalized , Malnutrition , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Treatment Outcome
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