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1.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 77-85, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914028

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of gastric tumors in the mid-to-upper stomach is a technically challenging procedure. This study compared the therapeutic outcomes and adverse events of ESD of tumors in the mid-to-upper stomach performed under general anesthesia (GA) or monitored anesthesia care (MAC). @*Methods@#Between 2012 and 2018, 674 patients underwent ESD for gastric tumors in the midbody, high body, fundus, or cardia (100 patients received GA; 574 received MAC). The outcomes of the propensity score (PS)-matched (1:1) patients receiving either GA or MAC were analyzed. @*Results@#The PS matching identified 94 patients who received GA and 94 patients who received MAC. Both groups showed high rates of en bloc resection (GA, 95.7%; MAC, 97.9%; p=0.68) and complete resection (GA, 81.9%; MAC, 84.0%; p=0.14). There were no significant differences between the rates of adverse events (GA, 16.0%; MAC, 8.5%; p=0.18) in the anesthetic groups. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the method of anesthesia did not affect the rates of complete resection or adverse events. @*Conclusions@#ESD of tumors in the mid-to-upper stomach at our high-volume center had good outcomes, regardless of the method of anesthesia. Our results demonstrate no differences between the efficacies and safety of ESD performed under MAC and GA.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 159-171, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918218

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate the impact of baseline values and temporal changes in body composition parameters, including skeletal muscle index (SMI) and visceral adipose tissue area (VAT), measured using serial computed tomography (CT) imaging on the prognosis of operable breast cancers in Asian patients. @*Materials and Methods@#This study retrospectively included 627 Asian female (mean age ± standard deviation [SD], 53.6 ± 8.3 years) who underwent surgery for stage I–III breast cancer between January 2011 and September 2012. Body composition parameters, including SMI and VAT, were semi-automatically calculated on baseline abdominal CT at the time of diagnosis and follow-up CT for post-treatment surveillance. Serial changes in SMI and VAT were calculated as the delta values. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the association of baseline and delta SMI and VAT values with disease-free survival. @*Results@#Among 627 patients, 56 patients (9.2%) had breast cancer recurrence after a median of 40.5 months. The mean value ± SD of the baseline SMI and baseline VAT were 43.7 ± 5.8 cm2 /m2 and 72.0 ± 46.0 cm2 , respectively. The mean value of the delta SMI was -0.9 cm2 /m2 and the delta VAT was 0.5 cm2 . The baseline SMI and VAT were not significantly associated with disease-free survival (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.983; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.937–1.031; p = 0.475 and adjusted HR, 1.001; 95% CI, 0.995–1.006; p = 0.751, respectively). The delta SMI and VAT were also not significantly associated with disease-free survival (adjusted HR, 0.894; 95% CI, 0.766–1.043; p = 0.155 and adjusted HR, 1.001; 95% CI, 0.989–1.014; p = 0.848, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Our study revealed that baseline and early temporal changes in SMI and VAT were not independent prognostic factors regarding disease-free survival in Asian patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer.

3.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 603-615, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889982

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc)-positive donors are used as an extended donor pool, and current guidelines recommend the usage of nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) as prophylaxis for preventing de novo hepatitis B virus infection (DNH). We analyzed the long-term outcomes of a large cohort of liver transplantation (LT) patients receiving anti-HBc-positive grafts and evaluated the risk of DNH when hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) monotherapy was used as prophylaxis. We also compared the cost-effectiveness of HBIG and NAs. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 457 patients with anti-HBc-positive grafts and 898 patients with anti-HBc-negative grafts who underwent LT between January 2001 and December 2018. We compared recipient characteristics according to the anti-HBc status of the donor, and compared the costs of using NAs for the rest of the patient’s life and using HBIG to maintain hepatitis B surface antibody titers above 200 IU/L. @*Results@#The 1-, 5-, and 10-year patient survival rates were 87.7%, 73.5%, and 67.7%, respectively, in patients with anti-HBc-positive grafts, and 88.5%, 77.4%, and 70.3%, respectively, in patients with anti-HBc-negative grafts (P=0.113). Among 457 recipients with anti-HBc-positive grafts, 117 (25.6%) were non-HBV recipients. The overall incidence of DNH was 0.9%. When using HBIG under insurance coverage, the cumulative cost was lower compared with using NA continuously without insurance coverage in Korea. @*Conclusions@#Anti-HBc-positive grafts alone do not affect patient survival or graft survival. HBIG monoprophylaxis has good outcomes for preventing DNH, and the patient’s long-term cost burden is low in Korea because of the national insurance system in this cohort.

4.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 603-615, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897686

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc)-positive donors are used as an extended donor pool, and current guidelines recommend the usage of nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) as prophylaxis for preventing de novo hepatitis B virus infection (DNH). We analyzed the long-term outcomes of a large cohort of liver transplantation (LT) patients receiving anti-HBc-positive grafts and evaluated the risk of DNH when hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) monotherapy was used as prophylaxis. We also compared the cost-effectiveness of HBIG and NAs. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 457 patients with anti-HBc-positive grafts and 898 patients with anti-HBc-negative grafts who underwent LT between January 2001 and December 2018. We compared recipient characteristics according to the anti-HBc status of the donor, and compared the costs of using NAs for the rest of the patient’s life and using HBIG to maintain hepatitis B surface antibody titers above 200 IU/L. @*Results@#The 1-, 5-, and 10-year patient survival rates were 87.7%, 73.5%, and 67.7%, respectively, in patients with anti-HBc-positive grafts, and 88.5%, 77.4%, and 70.3%, respectively, in patients with anti-HBc-negative grafts (P=0.113). Among 457 recipients with anti-HBc-positive grafts, 117 (25.6%) were non-HBV recipients. The overall incidence of DNH was 0.9%. When using HBIG under insurance coverage, the cumulative cost was lower compared with using NA continuously without insurance coverage in Korea. @*Conclusions@#Anti-HBc-positive grafts alone do not affect patient survival or graft survival. HBIG monoprophylaxis has good outcomes for preventing DNH, and the patient’s long-term cost burden is low in Korea because of the national insurance system in this cohort.

5.
The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; : 446-451, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85308

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dopamine and serotonin receptors are candidate genes for the genetic study of schizophrenia because of their implication in the pathophysiology and etiology of schizophrenia (serotonine- dopamin hypothesis). A population-based association study was performed between schizophrenics and normal controls to identify the susceptibility genes. METHODS: A total of 145 schizophrenics and 242 normal controls were recruited. Ser9Gly polymorphism of DRD3, 12 bp repeat of DRD4, and 102T/C of HTR2A were selected as candidate polymorphism. The molecular techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism and PCR-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis were used. Chi-square analysis was performed to find any differences between two groups and logistic linear regression was tested to evaluate the interaction between three genes. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in allele frequencies and genotype frequencies of the three genetic polymorphism. Stratified by sex, the difference of DRD4 allele (P=0.065) and HTR2A allele (P=0.083) and genotype (P=0.054) was observed between male patients and controls; also noted was the difference of HTR2A genotype (P=0.080) between female patients and controls. Stratified by age of onset, the difference in the linear trend of DRD3 between early-onset patients and normal control (P=0.003) was observed. Stratified by family history, the difference in the linear trend of DRD4 (P=0.008) was also observed. Logistic linear regression with 90 patients who had early-onset phenotype (< or =20 year-old) or family history showed a significant result in interaction term (P=0.053). CONCLUSIONS: The finding that there were significant results only after stratification may imply a different genetic load on each subgroup of the disease. The interaction of genes between DRD3, DRD4, and HTR2A in a subgroup with supposedly high genetic background may support the serotonindopamine hypothesis. This, however, should be verified hereafter in large-scale studies.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Age of Onset , Alleles , Dopamine , Electrophoresis , Gene Frequency , Genetic Load , Genotype , Linear Models , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, Serotonin , Schizophrenia
6.
The Journal of the Korean Academy of Periodontology ; : 13-23, 2002.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-26393

ABSTRACT

The ultimate goal of periodontal therapy is directed to arresting the progression of the disease, and regenerating the fibrous attachment. In order to achieve such treatment aim, the plaque and calculus must be eliminated and the physiological conditions of the root surface must be changed to facilitate the attachment and migration of the new fibroblasts, The method of changing the proper root surface conditions to promote the healing of periodontal tissue involves mechanical procedures, such as scaling and root planing, and chemical procedures such as tetracycline-HCl. However, the formation of a long junctional epithelium was most frequently observed type of healing. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine in vitro the influence of surface conditioning of dentin by TC-HCl on human gingival epithelial cell attachment. Human gingival epithelial cells were obtained from healthy retromolar pad area(under the age 23 years). Seventy two teeth extracted from severe periodontitis were used as study material. To evaluate the epithelial cell attachment to dentin, the prepared specimen was divided to four groups. For the control group, only scaling and root planing were carried out, and for the test group, 1 to 3, the concentration of the TC-HCl was 50, 125 and 250mg/ml, respectively. After cell cultivation time of 1-, 3-. 24 hour, for the indirect quantitative assessment of gingival epithelial cell attached to dentin sample, the absorbance of epithelial cell unattached to dentin was measured. The results were as follows; 1. There was no statistically significant difference between scaling and root planing group and TC-HCl 50mg/ ml, 125mg/ml and 250mg/ml group about absorbance of unattached epithelial cell to dentin sample(p>0.5). 2. As time passes, the absorbance of unattached gingival epithelial cell to dentin sample was decreased statistically significant(p0.05) We concluded that there was similar effect on gingival epithelial cell attachment between TC-HCl conditioning on root surface and only scaling and root planing treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Calculi , Dentin , Epithelial Attachment , Epithelial Cells , Fibroblasts , Periodontitis , Root Planing , Tooth
7.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 889-897, 2000.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103928

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A genetic predisposition is widely accepted in schizophrenia. This study was intended to find any association of HLA-DRB1 alleles with Korean schizophrenics and thereby compare the results of other ethnic groups. METHODS: The subjects were 70 unrelated Korean patients. Low and high resolution typing of HLA-DRB1 alleles were performed. The comparison groups were 2,000 unrelated healthy Koreans for low resolution HLA-DR and 229 unrelated healthy Koreans for HLA-DRB1 alleles. RESULTS: Gene frequencies of HLA-DR11(patients 9.0%, healthy control 3.8%, p=0.005) and HLA-DRB1*1101(patients 9.0%, healthy control 1.8%, p< .001) were significantly higher in Korean schizophrenics. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of HLA-DR11 (HLA-DRB1*1101) is significantly higher in Korean schizophrenics than in healthy Koreans. HLA-DR4 and HLA-DR1, which were known to be associated with Caucasian and Japanese schizophrenics, respectively, did not show statistical association with Korean schizophrenics. This association need to be reassured through further studies with families or association study with larger numbers of subjects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Asian People , Ethnicity , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , HLA-DR Antigens , HLA-DR1 Antigen , HLA-DR4 Antigen , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Schizophrenia
8.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 157-170, 1992.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78508

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans
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